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# A

## 1 Area under curve

2
3
Trapezoid Rule, Method 1
4 x
y
trapezoid
5
1
0
3
6
2
6
11
7
3
16
23
8
4
30
39
9
5
48
59
10
6
70
83
11
7
96
12
area
218
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Trapezoid Rule, Method 2
16
When x-increments are equal
17 x
y
trapezoid
18
1
0
3
19
2
6
11
20
3
16
23
21
4
30
39
22
5
48
59
23
6
70
83
24
7
96
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area
218
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=(B6+B5)/2*(A6-A5)

Trapezoid Rule
Divide curve into series of trapezoids, each with
area =(average height)(width)
Sum the areas of the strips.

=SUM(C5:C10)

120
100
80
60
40
20
0
1

=(B19+B18)/2
=SUM(C18:C23)*(A19-A18)

A Guide to Microsoft Excel 2002 for Scientists and Engineers
by Bernard Liengme.

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tists and Engineers, 3e,
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## 1 Area under curve

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3
Simpson's 1/3 Rule
4 x
y
strip
5
1
0
40
6
2
6
=B5+4*B6+B7
7
3
16
184
8
4
30
=(1/3)*SUM(C5:C9)*(A6-A5)
9
5
48
424
10
6
70
11
7
96
12
area
216
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Simpson' s 1/3 Rule
16
n-2
1
17
I=
3 ( y i + 4 yi +1 + yi + 2 ) Dx
i =1, 3, 5 ,K
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The number of data points ( n ) must be odd,
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since three points are needed for each strips.
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X - increments must be equal
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## Simpson's 1/3 Rule

Seven points making three strips
120

100

80

60

40

20

0
0

A Guide to Microsoft Excel 2002 for Scientists and Engineers 3e,
by Bernard Liengme.

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## Area under a curve

Trapezoid vs. Integration of Regression Equation

Power
Linest

C Trapezoid
0.0391
2.226
0.406
2.930
0.766
4.883
1.187
15.700
1.953
23.120
2.671
29.605
3.250
34.685
3.687
38.590
4.031
41.795
4.328
44.530
4.578
area =
238.06

6
5
2.949E-11 -1.268E-08

3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0

In C17
=SUM(C6:C15)

10

20

30

40

50

0.000
-0.002
421.218 -2114.071

60

70

80

90

100

4
3
2
1
0
2.262E-06 -2.091E-04 9.835E-03 -1.413E-01 6.549E-01
In I25 =SUM(B25:H25)
In I26 =SUM(B26:H26)
In I27 =I26-I25

## In B25 =(B\$20/(B\$19+1)*\$A25^(B\$19+1)) copied to B25:H26

T value
10
100

Area =
base average
height

In B20:H20 =LINEST(B6:B16,A6:A16^{1,2,3,4,5,6})

Integration

## y = 2.949E-11x 6 - 1.268E-08x 5 + 2.262E-06x 4 - 2.091E-04x 3

+ 9.835E-03x 2 - 1.413E-01x + 6.549E-01
R2 = 1.000E+00

4.0
In C6
=0.5*(A7-A6)*(B7+B6)
copied to C15

5.0
4.5

data
T
10
20
25
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0.045
-0.523
3.278
4523.016 -5227.155 3278.297

-7.065
-706.521

6.549
2.28 sum
65.493 240.28 sum
area = 237.99 I = diff

T2

I=

(aT

+ bT 5 + cT 4 + dT 3 + eT 2 + fT + g )dT

T1
T2

aT 7 bT 6 cT 5 dT 4 eT 3 fT 2

I =
+
+
+
+
+
+ gT
6
5
4
3
2
7
T 1

\\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch11860\107874843.xls.ms_office

## Of course, this method

works only when you can
find a good trendline fit

8/30/2012