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# Due date: 12.07.2012 MAK214E Engineering Materials HOMEWORK #1 1) Complete the following table.

C35 steel A1 temperature A3 or Acm temperature Recommended full annealing temperature range Recommended normalizing temperature range Recommended process annealing temperature range Recommended spheroidizing temperature range 2) Plot on the diagram and describe the microstructure present in AISI 1050 steel after each step in the following heat treatments: a. heat at 820C; quench to 650C and hold for 10 s and quench to 25C. b. heat at 820C; quench to 450C and hold for 10 s and quench to 25C. c. heat at 820C; quench to 25C. d. heat at 820C; quench to 720C and hold for 1000 s and quench to 25C. e. heat at 820C; quench to 720C and hold for 1000 s; quench to 400C and hold for 10 s and quench to 25C. f. heat at 820C; quench to 720C and hold for 100 s quench to 400C and hold for 10 s and quench to 25C. g. heat at 820C; quench to 25C, heat to 300C and hold for 103 s and quench to 25C. 3) The center of a 1-in.-diameter bar of AISI 4320 steel has a hardness of HRC 40. Determine the hardness and microstructure at the center of a 2-in.-diameter bar of AISI 1080 steel quenched in the same medium. We would like to produce a 2 in. thick steel wear-plate for a rock-crushing unit. To avoid frequent replacement of the wear plate, the hardness should exceed 38 HRC within 0.25 in. of the steel surface. However, the center of the plate should have a hardness of no more than 32 HRC to assure some toughness. We have only a water quench available to us. Design the plate, assuming that we only have the steels given in Figure 12-23 (in textbook) available us. A cylindrical piece of AISI 8640 steel is to be austenized and quenched in moderately agitated oil. If the hardness at the surface of the piece must be at least 58 HRC, what is the maximum allowable diameter? Justify your answer. AISI 1077 steel AISI 10115 steel

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6) a) A cylindrical piece of steel 1,0 in. (25 mm) in diameter is to be quenched in moderately agitated oil. Surface and center hardness must be at least 55 and 50 HRC, respectively. b) A cylindrical piece of steel 2,0 in. (50 mm) in diameter is to be austenized and quenched such that a microstructure consisting of at least 80% martensite will be produced through out the entire piece with quenching medium moderately agitated oil. c) A cylindrical piece of steel 1,5 in. (38 mm) in diameter is to be austenized and quenched such that a microstructure consisting of at least 80% martensite will be produced through out the entire piece with quenching medium moderately agitated water. Which of the following alloys will satisfy the requirements above: 1040, 4140, 4340, 5140 and 8640. Refer to Figure-1 for this question. 7) For an AISI 10110 steel specimen, describe and plot isothermal heat treatments that would be required to have the following ultimate tensile strengths; (a) ~1452 MPa (b) ~2053 MPa (c) ~2550 MPa. Which of the following alloys will satisfy the requirements above: 1040, 4140, 4340, 5140 and 8640. Refer to Figure-1 for this question. a) A cylindrical piece of steel 1,0 in. (25 mm) in diameter is to be quenched in moderately agitated oil. Surface and center hardness must be at least 55 and 50 HRC, respectively. b) A cylindrical piece of steel 2,0 in. (50 mm) in diameter is to be austenized and quenched such that a microstructure consisting of at least 80% martensite will be produced throughout the entire piece with quenching medium moderately agitated oil. c) A cylindrical piece of steel 1,5 in. (38 mm) in diameter is to be austenized and quenched such that a microstructure consisting of at least 80% martensite will be produced throughout the entire piece with quenching medium moderately agitated water.

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(a) Design an annealing and normalizing heat treatment (e.g. heating temperature, holding time, cooling rates) for a carbon steel with 0.6 % C concentration. (b) Predict the yield strength, tensile strength, elongation (%), impact energy of the corresponding steel after annealing and normalizing heat treatments. (Refer the respected figures and diagrams from the textbook The Science and Engineering of Materials by D.R. Askeland)

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A rotating shaft that delivers power from an electric motor is made from a 1050 steel. Its yield strength should be at least 145,000 psi, yet it should also have at least 15% elongation in order to provide toughness. Design a heat treatment to produce this part. a) A solution heat treated AA 2014 Aluminum alloy is to be precipitation hardened to have a minimum yield strength of 345 MPa and a ductility of at least 12% elongation. Specify a practical precipitation heat treatment in terms of temperature and time that would give these mechanical characteristics. b) Is it possible to produce a precipitation-hardened AA 2014 Aluminum alloy having minimum yield strength of 400 MPa and a ductility of at least 15% elongation? If so, specify the precipitation heat treatment. If it is not possible, explain why.

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(Hint: You can refer to W.D Callisters Materials Science and Engineering textbook, which are available in the library, for the aging characteristics of AA 2014 or Figure 2).