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Animal Cell Human Cell Soria Sahali

Animal Cell

Animal Cell Human Cell Soria Sahali

Human Cell

Soria Sahali

"Human Cell Parts "

microtubule

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside the cell to move about.

cilium

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Filament-like extension of the cytoplasmic membrane allowing the cell and certain substances on its surface to move about.

microfilament

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Rod-shaped structure supporting the cell and giving it its shape.

peroxisome

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Organelle containing enzymes that neutralize the cell’s toxic substances.

cell membrane

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

The cell’s flexible outer casing; it separates the cell from the surrounding environment and

works as a filter to control the entry and exit of certain substances.

chromatin

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Mass of very fine filaments of DNA, the genetic material of the cell; it is compressed into chromosomes during cell division.

nucleus

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Organelle containing a cell’s genes and controlling its activities.

ribosome

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Organelle, free or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, producing proteins essential to the constitution and functioning of living beings.

endoplasmic reticulum

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Organelle formed of walls to which the ribosomes are attached.

mitochondrion

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Ovoid organelle that produces the energy necessary for cell activity.

cytoplasm

"Human Cell Parts " microtubule Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures.

vacuole

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various substances required by the cell.

lysosome

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Small spheroid organ containing enzymes that break down food, spent cell components and other harmful substances that have been absorbed.

nuclear envelope

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Envelope formed of two layers surrounding the nucleus and pierced with small holes, which allow exchanges between the cytoplasm and the nucleus.

nucleolus

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Small spherical body located inside the nucleus, within which the ribosomes, or protein- synthesizing structures, are produced.

centriole

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Structure consisting of small rods that play a major role in cell division. Each cell usually contains two.

Golgi apparatus

Clear gelatinous substance surrounding the various cellular structures. vacuole Spherical cavity containing water, waste and various

Organelle composed of a series of pockets that receive proteins produced by the ribosomes and either transport them outside the cell or to other organelles.

Animal Cell Parts

Nucleus

The most prominent organelle in an animal cell is normally the nucleus. The nucleus contains most of the genes that control the cell. The nuclear envelope encloses the nucleus, separating the contents from the cytoplasm. This envelope is a double membrane, made up of a lipid bilayer with associated proteins. The nuclear side of the envelope is lined by the nuclear lamina, which is a netlike array of protein filaments that keep the shape of the nucleus. Also within is the chromatin, a material that organizes DNA and proteins. When the cells beginnings to reproduce, the chromatin condenses becoming thick separate structures know as chromosomes.

Ribosomes

Ribosomes consist of two sub units and functioning as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm. Free ribosomes function in the cytosol, while bound ribosomes generally make proteins that are for inclusion into the membrane, packaging, or for export from the cell.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum

makes up more then half the membrane of the cell. There are two different kinds of endoplasmic reticulum: smooth and rough. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum appears to be smooth because it lacks ribosomes on the cytoplasmic surface. Yet the other endoplasmic reticulum appears rough because ribosomes stud the cytoplasmic surface. After leaving the endoplasmic reticulum, many transport vesicles travel to the Golgi apparatus. This apparatus consists of flattened membranous sacs. This is the center of manufacturing, warehousing, sorting and shipping. Here the products of the endoplasmic reticulum are modified and sorted then sent to their destination.

Lysosomes

Lysosomes are membrane-enclosed sac of hydrolytic enzymes that the cell uses to digest macromolecules. Hydrolytic enzymes and lysosomal membrane are made by rough endoplasmic reticulum and then transferred to a Golgi apparatus. Lysosomes function in intracellular digestion in a variety of circumstance.

Peroxisome

Peroxisome is a specialized metabolic compartment bounded by a single membrane. They contain enzymes that transfer hydrogen from various substrates to oxygen. Unlike lysosomes, peroxisome are not budded from the endomembrane system. They grow by incorporating proteins and lipids produce in the cytosol.

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are the organelles that convert energy to forms that cells can use for work. These are the sites are for cellular respiration, the catabolic process that generates ATP. The number of mitochondria is based upon the cells level of metabolic activity.

Microtubules and Microfilaments

Nonmembrane organelles within the cells include microtubules and microfilaments. They form a framework called the cytoskeleton, which reinforces the cells shape and functions in cell movement.Thecytoskeleton is constructed from at least three types of fiber microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments.

Cilia and Flagella

A special arrangement of microtubules is responsible for the eating of the flagella and cilia. Cilia normally occurs in large number on the cell surface. Flagella are the same length in diameter but longer. These are responsible for locomotive appendages that protrude from some cells. Many unicellular organisms are propelled through water by cilia and flagella.

The outer shell of each is cell is made up of a plasma membrane. The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a selective barrier, thereby regulating the cells chemical composition.

Every cell uses all components, no one piece can make the cell function alone. Most organelles are interwoven and work based on the work performed by other units in the cell.