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Application Engineering Bulletin

Subject Engine Coolant Performance Specifications This AEB is for the following applications: Automotive G-Drive Filtration Date: April 9, 2008 Engine Models included: All Author: Keith Nolting Approver: per Procedure 9183OPS-04-10-01 Page 1 of 44 Industrial Genset Emissions Solution AEB Number 99.01 Marine

This AEB supersedes AEB 99.01 dated December, 2004

This takes Cummins Engineering Standard 14603 revision 002 for publication as an AEB.

Cummins Confidential

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Abstract This specification covers the performance requirements for engine coolant recommended for all Cummins engines, unless otherwise noted in the owner/operators manual.

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 1 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Table of Contents Heading Page Number

Abstract ..............................................................................................................................1 Table of Contents ...............................................................................................................2 1. Scope ..............................................................................................................................3 2. Applicable Documents ...................................................................................................3 3. Definitions ......................................................................................................................4 4. Specification ...................................................................................................................5 4.1. Significance and Use .............................................................................................5 4.2. Laboratory Corrosion Testing................................................................................6 Table 1: Corrosion Tests (70% & 33 1/3% Glycol/Glycerin b.v.) ...............................7 4.3. Elastomer/Corrosion Test Item ..............................................................................8 Table 2: Metal Corrosion ..............................................................................................8 4.4. Elastomer Compatibility ........................................................................................9 Figure 1: Photo of Test Capsule .................................................................................11 Figure 2: Test Capsule Details....................................................................................12 Figure 3: Parts of a Stainless Steel Shelf ....................................................................14 Figure 4: Parts of a Stainless Steel Shelf Assembled .................................................15 Figure 5: Stainless Steel Shelf In Vessel with Samples..............................................16 Figure 6: Placement of Compression Set Fixtures in Test Capsule............................17 Figure 7: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Assembled) .....................................21 Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled)..................................22 Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components ........................................................23 Figure 10: Mitutoyo Digimatic Indicator (Flat Anvil Type) ......................................25 Figure 11: Mitutoyo IDF Digimatic Indicator and Stand ...........................................26 4.5. Field Testing ........................................................................................................28 Table 3: Coolant Chemistry ........................................................................................31 Table 4: Coolant Condemning Limits ........................................................................33 Table 5: Coolant Contamination of the Oil ................................................................35 5. Additional Requirements..............................................................................................35 5.1. Coolant Compliance ............................................................................................35 Appendix A: Forms ..........................................................................................................37 Figure A1: Laboratory Corrosion Testing Form A.....................................................37 Figure A2: Elastomer Compatibility Testing Form B ................................................38 Figure A3: Field Testing Form C ...............................................................................39 Figure A4: Key Component Inspection, Form D .......................................................40 Figure A5: Coolant and Oil Inspection, Form E.........................................................41 Appendix B: Engine Coolant Physical Characteristic Specifications ..............................42 Figure B1: Base Engine Coolant Physical Properties.................................................42 Figure B2: Engine Coolant Grade Freeze Points Depresents .....................................43
Current Release Number Std. Revision Level

082021-052

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

1. Scope
This specification covers the performance requirements for engine coolant recommended for all Cummins engines, unless otherwise noted in the owner/operators manual.

2. Applicable Documents
Applicable documents listed below may be obtained from the respective organizations listed in CES 10054, Standards Organizations Addresses. a. ASTM D 395, Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property-Compression Set b. ASTM D 412, Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers-Tension c. ASTM D 471, Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Effect of Liquids d. ASTM D 1384, Corrosion Test for Engine Coolants in Glassware e. ASTM D 2240, Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Durometer Hardness f. ASTM D 2570, Simulated Service Corrosion Testing of Engine Coolant g. ASTM D 2809, Cavitation Corrosion and Erosion-Corrosion Characteristics of Aluminum Pumps with Engine Coolants h. ASTM D 3182, Standard Practice for Rubber-Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets i. ASTM D 3767, Standard Practice for Rubber-Measurement of Dimensions j. ASTM D 4340, Corrosion of Cast Aluminum Alloys in Engine Coolant under Heatrejecting Conditions k. ASTM D 4725-06, Standard Terminology for Engine Coolants l. ASTM D 6210, Fully Formulated Glycol Base Coolant for Heavy Duty Engines m. ASTM Research Report D15-1023, Diesel Engine Coolant Cavitation Test n. CES 10054, Standards Organizations Addresses o. CES 10056, Glossary p. Cummins Service Bulletin 3666132 [latest revision], Cummins Coolant Requirements and Maintenance q. SAE J20, Coolant System Hoses r. SAE 2007-01-4000 An Evaluation of Glycerin (Glycerol) as a Heavy Duty Engine Antifreeze/Coolant Base

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

3. Definitions
Terms used in this standard that have a general definition for usage in Cummins Engineering Standards are defined in CES 10056, Glossary. 3.1. Engine Coolant A fluid used to transfer heat from an engine to the radiator, usually containing specific amounts of glycols, glycerins, water, corrosion inhibitors and a foam suppressor. In temperate climates, coolant may consist of only water and supplemental coolant additive (SCA). 3.2. Coolant Engine coolant, in conjunction with specified maintenance practices and treatment for replenishment of additives, that meets the requirements of this specification. 3.2.1. Approved Coolant A coolant that meets the requirements of this specification. 3.2.2. Reference Coolant Coolant provided for benchmark testing by Cummins Inc. Materials Engineering. The candidate coolant will be evaluated against the reference coolant. 3.3. Maintenance Practices On-site maintenance, performed by the customer, which is required by Cummins Service Bulletin 3666132 (e.g., frequency of coolant testing or filter change) to make sure the coolant meets the performance requirements of this specification throughout its useful life. 3.3.1. Standard Service Coincides with oil drain interval, typically 16094 to 40234 kilometers (10K to 25K miles) or 200 to 500 hours.

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082021-052

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

3.3.2. Extended Service 3.3.2.1. Engine Coolant Extender Chemical additives (e.g., Extended Service Additive (ESA)) and the system (e.g., concentrate in filter) by which depleted additives are replenished. 3.3.2.2. Extended Service Interval Coolant Coolant that meets the performance requirements of this specification for a minimum of one (1) year, 241402 kilometers (150K miles) or 4000 hours, whichever comes first, without requiring replenishment of additives (e.g., engine coolant extender). 3.3.2.3. Extended Life Coolant Coolant that meets the performance requirements of this specification for a minimum of five (5) years, 965606 kilometers (600K miles) or 12,000 hours, whichever comes first. 3.3.2.4. Coolant Condemning Limits Chemical characteristics (e.g., low pH or contamination of the coolant) which requires it to be replaced.

4. Specification
4.1. Significance and Use 4.1.1. This specification defines the performance requirements a coolant shall meet, in conjunction with required maintenance practices, if marketed as meeting this specification.

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.1.2. To meet this specification the coolant shall be evaluated: a. To reduce the probability that a product will have an adverse effect on existing or future engine components (e.g., seals) and b. Meet or exceed all additional requirements of ASTM D 6210. c. Engine coolant bases other than glycols are becoming available in the market. These new engine coolants shall meet the performance requirements of ASTM D 6210 and CES 14603. Field testing is required. There is no read across for additive chemistries when using coolant base stocks other than glycols. Note: See Appendix B: Engine Coolant Physical Characteristic Specifications on page 42 for Engine Coolant Physical Characteristic Specifications. 4.1.3. Since Cummins neither approves or disapproves coolant not specifically marketed by Cummins, any supplier that markets their product as meeting this specification assumes responsibility for the quality, performance of their product and associated liabilities under the maintenance practices established by the supplier. 4.2. Laboratory Corrosion Testing Refer to Figure A1: Laboratory Corrosion Testing Form A on page 37 for acceptable limits for all corrosion tests and for reporting format. 4.2.1. Glassware ASTM D 1384 The glassware corrosion test provides a method for assessing the general corrosive nature of the engine coolant under laboratory constant temperature conditions. The test shall be conducted according to conditions outlined in ASTM D 1384 and the following clarifications or modifications to more closely simulate all potential conditions of actual service. 4.2.1.1. The test shall be:

a. conducted at two (2) test conditions (at normal 33 1/3% by volume and 70% [by volume {b.v.}] glycol/glycerin solutions), b. using two (2) metal sets (Test #1 and Test #2) for each glycol/glycerin percent in accordance with Table 1: Corrosion Tests (70% & 33 1/3% Glycol/Glycerin b.v.) on page 7, and c. the aeration gas shall be air.

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082021-052

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Table 1: Corrosion Tests (70% & 33 1/3% Glycol/Glycerin b.v.) and Acceptance Criteria Test #1 Metal Copper Solder (70% lead) Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Test #2 Metal Copper Solder (97% lead) Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Maximum Weight Loss (mg/ specimen) 10 20 10 10 10 20

4.2.1.2. Acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with Table 1: Corrosion Tests (70% & 33 1/3% Glycol/Glycerin b.v.) on page 7. 4.2.2. Hot Surface Aluminum Test ASTM D 4340 4.2.2.1. This test assesses the effectiveness of the coolant to protect aluminum surfaces which are involved in high heat transfer from corrosion and reduce deposit formation. The test shall be performed according to ASTM D 4340. 4.2.2.2. Acceptance Criteria Weight loss shall not exceed 1 mg/cm2/week (168 hrs). 4.2.3. Water Pump Cavitation Test ASTM D 2809 4.2.3.1. This test is to measure the effectiveness of the coolant to protect aluminum water pump impeller and housing from cavitation corrosion and erosion-corrosion. This test may have limited value to Cummins nonaluminum water pumps. However, failure to meet this requirement would suggest field problems with other cast aluminum components subjected to high coolant flow rate and impingement.

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082021-052

002

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.2.3.2. Acceptance Criteria The minimum corrosion rating shall be eight (8) in accordance with ASTM D 2809. 4.3. Elastomer/Corrosion Test Item 4.3.1. Simulated Service Corrosion Test ASTM D 2570 This test assesses the corrosiveness of the coolant under circulating conditions which is a more aggressive test than the Glassware Testing ASTM D 1384. The test shall be performed according to ASTM D 2570 with the following exceptions: a. The hoses shall be silicone meeting SAE J20, Class A. b. Antifreeze (i.e., glycol/glycerin) level and reservoir level shall be measured after approximately 168, 500, and 1000 hours such that it coincides with a normal shutdown period. c. All hose connections shall be monitored for leaks. If the leakage exceeds 1 ml/hr (0.0338 US fluid ounce per hour), the leak shall be repaired immediately, otherwise, the leak shall be fixed at the next normal shutdown period. Leakage shall be recorded at normal shutdown periods. 4.3.2. Acceptance Criteria 4.3.2.1. Metal corrosion shall be in accordance with Table 2: Metal Corrosion on page 8.

Table 2: Metal Corrosion Metal Copper Solder Brass Steel Maximum Weight Loss (mg/specimen) 20 40 20 20

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Table 2: Metal Corrosion (Continued) Metal Cast Iron Aluminum 4.3.2.2. Leakage All leakage shall be reported as percent of total volume per week. Leakage may not exceed 3% of total reservoir volume per week. The glycol/glycerin level shall remain between 33% to 55% b.v. Any deviation outside this range shall be reported to the person requesting the test and corrected before proceeding with the test. 4.3.2.3. Elastomer Compatibility All hoses shall be evaluated per ASTM D 2570: a. Section title Procedure, sub-section title Component Inspection b. Section title Report, section text Appearance of the interior surfaces of the reservoir coolant outlet, coolant pump, hoses, and radiator. 4.4. Elastomer Compatibility Refer to Figure A2: Elastomer Compatibility Testing Form B on page 38 for reporting format. 4.4.1. General 4.4.1.1. The reference antifreeze used for this test and the elastomer materials can be obtained from: Test Engineering Inc. 12718 Cimarron Path San Antonio, Texas 78249-3423 4.4.1.2. Both the reference antifreeze (currently ES Compleat EG Concentrate) and the test antifreeze concentrate shall each be mixed with an equal volume of distilled water to prepare the test coolants. Maximum Weight Loss (mg/specimen) 20 40

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082021-052

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.4.1.3. Ageing tests shall be performed in two test capsules (reference Figure 1: Photo of Test Capsule on page 11 and Figure 2: Test Capsule Details on page 12) for one (1) week, three (3) weeks and six (6) weeks. The elastomer test specimen in both the test coolant and reference coolant shall be aged and evaluated at the same time with both test capsules placed in the same oven, controlled to 150 C 2.7 C (302 F 5 F). 4.4.1.4. Initial values (before ageing) except for compression set will also be measured and reported. The test elastomer specimens will be prepared from standard test slabs (per ASTM D 3182) of four (4) compounds which are currently: a. b. c. d. Highly Saturated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR D65) Silicone (VMQ R7725) Ethylene Propylene Rubber (EPDM 63727) Coolant Resistant Fluorocarbon (FKM V8722)

4.4.1.5. Test specimens of all four (4) compounds shall be tested at the same time in one test capsule containing the reference coolant and also all four (4) compounds shall be tested in another test capsule containing the test coolant. Test data (including all raw data) for both reference coolant and test coolant will be provided to Materials Engineering, Cummins Inc. for evaluation. 4.4.1.6. The following tests are to be run on the elastomers at each ageing interval, initial (0 hours), one (1) week (168 hours), three (3) weeks (504 hours), and six (6) weeks (1008 hours): a. b. c. d. Section 4.4.6. Tensile Strength and Elongation on page 18 Section 4.4.7. Hardness on page 19 Section 4.4.8. Volume and Mass (Weight) Change on page 19 Section 4.4.9. Compression Set on page 19

4.4.1.7. A 118.3 ml. (4 oz.) liquid sample of the following coolants shall be placed in the sealed plastic bottles and supplied to Cummins Materials Engineering for analysis of composition: a. b. c. d. unaged reference coolant end of test reference coolant unaged test coolant end of test, test coolant

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

O-Ring Gasket Lid

Container

See Figure 2: Test Capsule Details on page 12 for fabrication information.

Figure 1: Photo of Test Capsule

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

7.25 .125

1.50

6.50

.38 6.25 .07 6.00 O-ring Groove Detail 6.60 5.88

Drill 1.25 deep, tap 5/16 NC 1.0 deep, 6 places equally spaced on a 6.625 diameter bolt circle 1/2 thick lid with clearance holes for 5/16 bolts Surface finish shall be good enough to seal with O-ring

Note: O-ring groove accepts O-ring Cummins P/N 3678737 NOTE: DRAWING IS DIMENSIONED IN INCHES

Test Capsule material is mild steel or stainless steel. Bottom container of capsule may be made as two pieces with the bottom welded around the outside. All welds shall be air and liquid tight. A test capsule with pressure relief capabilities is preferred. This eliminates additional aging to elastomers during cooling.

Reference Figure 1: Photo of Test Capsule on page 11. A test capsule with the same volume and pressure relief valve can be purchased from: Parr Instrument Company 211 53rd St. Moline, Il 61265

Figure 2: Test Capsule Details

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.4.2. Test Capsule Cleaning Procedure (Before Each Test) 4.4.2.1. Rinse capsule with tap water to flush out residual coolant and nonadherent rust and particles. 4.4.2.2. Fill capsule with tap water, and using a nylon or other soft bristle brush, scrub the walls and bottom of the capsule to remove any adherent rust or other corrosion products. For hardto-remove deposits, a Scotch Brite pad or other abrasive material, such as fine sandpaper may be used to remove these deposits. 4.4.2.3. Rinse with tap water twice more, followed by a final rinse with deionized or distilled water. Dry immediately with a lint free towel to prevent flash rust from forming. 4.4.3. Placement of Test Specimens in the Test Capsule Figure 6: Placement of Compression Set Fixtures in Test Capsule on page 17 shows the placement of the compression set fixtures and samples in the bottom of the test capsule. Specimens that are not compressed are placed on top of the compression set fixtures and arranged on perforated circular stainless steel shelves held in place by a steel rod and combination of bolts to be sure the specimens do not fall to the bottom of the test capsule. Also the specimens shall be arranged to allow access of the coolant to all the specimens.

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Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Figure 3: Parts of a Stainless Steel Shelf

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Figure 4: Parts of a Stainless Steel Shelf Assembled

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
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COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Figure 5: Stainless Steel Shelf In Vessel with Samples

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Engineering Standards
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COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Figure 6: Placement of Compression Set Fixtures in Test Capsule

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Engineering Standards
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COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.4.4. Test /Reference Coolant Introduction 4.4.4.1. Measure out two (2) liters (0.53 gallons) of well mixed coolant (50/50 antifreeze/ water b.v.). Carefully pour the coolant into the test capsule making sure not to move the test specimens. 4.4.4.2. Verify (visually) that the test capsule o-ring protrudes above the o-ring groove to confirm sealing. If needed, install a new test capsule o-ring seal (Cummins P/N 3678737) in the groove at the top of the test capsule. Install capscrews and tighten. 4.4.5. Ageing Fluid ageing shall be in accordance with ASTM D 471 with the exception being the use of a test capsule as the ageing vessel. See Figure 1: Photo of Test Capsule on page 11. At the end of the first week, third week and sixth week ageing periods, the test capsule shall be removed from the oven and cooled to room temperature before opening. ATTENTION: DO NOT open the test capsule when it is hot. Opening the test capsule when it is hot could result in steam burns to the operator. Cooling the sealed test capsule in water will expedite the cool-down period. When the capsule is cooled to room temperature, it may be opened. 4.4.6. Tensile Strength and Elongation 4.4.6.1. Test Specimens Tensile strength/elongation specimens shall be cut from vulcanized sheet material (normally 152.4 mm (6 inches) square x 2.03 mm (0.080 inches) thick), in accordance with ASTM D 3182, using ASTM D 412, die D. Three specimens of each of the four (4) elastomers (per Section 4.4.1.4. on page 10) are required for each of the test intervals (test intervals: 0 weeks (3 samples); 1 week (3 samples), 3 weeks (3 samples); and 6 weeks (3 samples) = 12 samples total). The specimens may be marked by clipping 0, 1, 2, or corners off to correspond with each of the four (4) elastomer compounds. 4.4.6.2. Test Procedure The test procedure shall be in accordance with ASTM D 412 except the specimens shall be aged in coolant in accordance with the following paragraphs Sections 4.4.6.2.1. on page 19 through 4.4.6.2.2. on page 19

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Engineering Standards
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COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.4.6.2.1. Immersion ageing shall be conducted by placing the tensile specimens into the test capsule with the specified engine coolant solution for the times and temperatures indicated in Section 4.4.1.3. on page 10. The specimens should be placed on the compression set fixtures to allow coolant contact of both sides of the specimen (refer to Section 4.4.3. Placement of Test Specimens in the Test Capsule on page 13). 4.4.6.2.2. After the test capsule has cooled to room temperature, open the lid and remove the tensile specimens. Wipe or blot (using a clean paper towel) excess coolant from the surfaces of the individual rubber specimens. Retain specimens for tensile testing in accordance with ASTM D 412. 4.4.7. Hardness For hardness testing, stack up the three (3) tensile test specimens before the tensile test is performed. Measure hardness near the middle of the grip tab at each end of the tensile specimen stack and record both values. Use ASTM D 2240 test method using a Durometer A measuring device either hand-held or with Type 1 or Type 2 operating stands. 4.4.8. Volume and Mass (Weight) Change The test specimens shall be 19.05 mm x 6.35 mm ( in. x in.) pieces cut from the test slabs. Three specimens shall be used for each elastomer compound and the same specimens shall be used for measurements at 0, 168, 504, and 1008 hours. Other than these exceptions, use ASTM D 471 Test Method. (It is suggested that the samples of the four (4) compounds be identified by the number of corners clipped off the test specimen-(0, 1, 2, or 3). Specimens 1 and 2 of the same compound can be marked by a notch cut in one of them.) 4.4.9. Compression Set 4.4.9.1. Test Specimens Compression set testing shall be performed on vulcanized sheet material 152.4 mm (6 inches) x 152.4 mm (6 inches) x 2.03 mm (0.080 inches) thick in accordance with ASTM D 3182). Five 6.35 mm (0.25 inches) x 6.35 mm (0.25 inches) specimens are required for each of the three (168, 504, 1008) test intervals. Do not use the same five specimens for all three test intervals. One method of creating these is to die cut each 6.35 mm x 6.35 mm (0.25 inch x 0.25 inch) pieces using a sharp square die. A minimum distance of 13 mm (or 0.51 inch) shall be maintained between the cutting edge of the die and the edge of the slab. See Section 4.4.8. Volume and Mass (Weight) Change on page 19 for specimen identification suggestions. See Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components on page 23 for requirements.

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CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
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COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

4.4.9.2. Test Equipment 4.4.9.2.1. Unique test equipment (not included in ASTM D 395) is required. The test equipment shall be in accordance with Figure 7: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Assembled) on page 21, Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled) on page 22, and Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components on page 23. Fresh test specimen shall be used for each aging period. 4.4.9.2.2. The equipment in ASTM D 395 in addition to the test fixture referenced in Section 4.4.9.2.1. will be used to perform compression set testing. This test fixture will replace the larger flat plate compression device referenced in ASTM D 395, Method B. This smaller bolt fixture is more conducive to testing the smaller non-button (from sheet) specimens required in Section 4.4.9.1. Test Specimens on page 19 and easily fits within the coolant test capsules and allows multiple test specimens. 4.4.9.2.3. The critical features of the Small Bolt Compression Fixture are the stiff compression plates which are machined flat with parallel surfaces (see Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components on page 23). The plate thickness and overall diameter can exceed the referenced dimensions (0.18 in. and 1.4 in. respectively) if desired. A 9.525 mm (3/8 inch) steel bolt and nut are required to provide the clamping force. An assortment of machined and ground, flat parallelsurface steel washers of uniform thickness within a narrow tolerance shall be available for use as spacers to provide the compression (reference Section 4.4.9.3.2. on page 27) of the elastomeric specimens, based on the initial thickness, as indicated in ASTM D 395. Multiple steel washers may be stacked together to obtain the required spacer thickness. The plates, spacer, nut, and bolts shall all be fabricated from the same grade of steel.

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Engineering Standard Number

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Reference Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled) on page 22 and Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components on page 23 for details.

Figure 7: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Assembled)

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Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled)

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Plate, Compression 2-Required

Total Indicator Reading (T.I.R)

1.425 Dia.

0.155 0.145 13/23 Diameter One Hole Material: Steel Note: All measurements in inches. Spacer 0.875 Dia.

These surfaces to be parallel within 0.001 T.I.R.

0.060 0.001

These surfaces to be parallel within 0.001 T.I.R.

Material: Steel

7/16 Diameter Through One Hole Currently (2008), the compression plate diameter is recommended to be 1.6565 instead of 1.425 as it was historically.

Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components

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4.4.9.3. Test Procedure The test procedure shall be in accordance with ASTM D 395, Method B, except as indicated herein. 4.4.9.3.1. Measure the original thickness of each compression set specimen to the nearest 0.00254 mm (0.0001 in.) in accordance with ASTM D 3767 procedures. Record as to (original thickness) for each of the five specimens. All five samples are to be assembled onto one Small Bolt Compression Set fixture. The five specimens shall have the same thickness to within 0.0254 mm (0.001 in.) of each other. A pair of calipers shall not be used to measure the specimen thickness. Instead, a device similar to Figure 10: Mitutoyo Digimatic Indicator (Flat Anvil Type) on page 25 or Figure 11: Mitutoyo IDF Digimatic Indicator and Stand on page 26 shall be used.

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Figure 10: Mitutoyo Digimatic Indicator (Flat Anvil Type)

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Figure 11: Mitutoyo IDF Digimatic Indicator and Stand

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4.4.9.3.2. Determine the required spacer thickness to achieve approximately 25% compression of the specimens. (Reference ASTM D 395 and Figure 9: Compression Set Fixture Components on page 23.) Obtain the required flat steel spacers; multiple steel washers can be stacked together to obtain the required spacer thickness. Measure thickness of actual washer or stack of washers used to the nearest 0.0254 mm (0.001 in.) and record as ts (spacer thickness). 4.4.9.3.3. Insert the single bolt through the bottom compression set plate and the washers which will be used as spacers per Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled) on page 22. 4.4.9.3.4. Place the five test samples, evenly spaced apart, onto the bottom plate as shown in Figure 8: Small Bolt Compression Set Fixture (Unassembled) on page 22. 4.4.9.3.5. Carefully lower the top plate over the bolt and bring to rest on the five test samples. Screw on the nut and snug down onto top compression plate. Using appropriately sized wrenches, firmly tighten the bolted assembly. An acceptably tight assembly can be verified by ensuring that the spacers are tightly held in place and cannot be moved with a thin rigid probe. 4.4.9.3.6. Age the specimens in the specified engine coolant solution for the times and temperature indicated (per Section 4.4.1. General on page 9). Immersion ageing shall be conducted by placing the assembled small bolt compression set fixtures into the test capsule as referenced in Section 4.4.3. Placement of Test Specimens in the Test Capsule on page 13 and shown in Figure 6: Placement of Compression Set Fixtures in Test Capsule on page 17. The capsule lids shall be checked to confirm that the lids are securely affixed in order to prevent leaking of fluid and pressure. 4.4.9.3.7. After ageing 1 week, 3 weeks and 6 weeks, disassemble the small bolt compression set fixtures and wipe or blot (with a clean paper towel) excess coolant from the surfaces of the individual rubber specimens. Allow rubber specimens to set on a room temperature surface [23 2 C (73.4 3.6 F)], such as a laboratory bench top for at least 30 minutes as an equilibration period (up to 4 hours is acceptable). 4.4.9.3.8. After the equilibration period, measure the thickness of all five samples in the approximate center of each specimen to the nearest 0.0254 mm (0.001 in.). Calculate the average of all five readings and record as tf (final thickness).

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4.4.9.3.9. Calculate the compression set result, which is expressed as a percentage of the original deflection as follows: to tf Compression Set = ------------ 100 to ts Where: to = original thickness tf = final thickness ts = spacer thickness 4.4.9.3.10. Report the results for each of the five (5) sample pieces. All of the raw data including each initial specimen thickness, plate gap prior to ageing, spacer thickness, and each final specimen thickness with the corresponding compression set shall be reported. 4.5. Field Testing (EQ 1)

Refer to Figure A3: Field Testing Form C on page 39, Figure A4: Key Component Inspection, Form D on page 40, and Figure A5: Coolant and Oil Inspection, Form E on page 41 for reporting format. 4.5.1. Field testing shall typically be performed in engines (e.g., ISM and ISX) installed in heavy duty on-highway trucks. Fleets in this type of application are more likely to have the larger number of identical units which are required, and also have a high utilization factor for more rapid completion of the test. 4.5.2. Field testing shall be performed by the coolant supplier. Cummins Materials Engineering shall be requested to participate in the development, review and approval of the test plan for compliance to the field test requirements for this specification. However, the test plan and its ability to fulfill the requirements of this specification are the Supplier's responsibility. The intent of the field test is to determine the effectiveness of the coolant and its replenishment system to engine/application specific issues and to identify any unforeseen problems with new coolant chemistry. 4.5.3. Materials Engineering of Cummins Inc. shall document the suppliers test plan in a proprietary Cummins Technical Report.

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14603

4.5.4. Field testing can be waived for coolants that: a. Have demonstrated a minimum of five (5) years of successful commercial usage in heavy duty Cummins engines for a variety of duty cycles, or b. Have minor changes in chemistry of current coolants, if Cummins receives sufficient information on the formulation changes. c. There are no field test waivers for engine coolants other than ethylene or propylene glycol until sufficient commercial experience is acquired. Commercial experience is defined per Section 4.5.4. on page 29, item a. 4.5.5. Any changes to engine coolant extender chemistry, the system by which it is introduced into the coolant (e.g., liquid versus paste) or a change in service interval for extender shall be field tested. 4.5.6. Field Test Requirements 4.5.6.1. A minimum of fourteen vehicles is recommended to start the test: seven containing reference engine coolant (i.e., control vehicles) and seven containing test engine coolant (i.e., test vehicles). A minimum of five control vehicles and five test vehicles shall finish the test. Starting with fourteen vehicles allows for vehicles to drop out of the test for various reasons (i.e., mechanical failure, coolant contamination, etc.). The specific engines and fleets shall be consistent with applications that have shown to highlight sensitivity to coolant related problems (e.g., cavitation). Field test applications shall meet the following criteria. a. Effectiveness of an approved coolant has been documented (e.g., coolant analysis) on similar engines and duty cycles, thereby, data can be referred to for comparison; or comparison data can be generated by monitoring engines using currently approved coolant at the same time. b. Power ratings in the 300-600 hp range c. Duty cycle shall cover a range from light to heavy with no less than ten (2) engines in each duty cycle range; d. Less than 321869 Kilometers (200K miles), (4000 hrs) of previous engine operation e. Equal mix of copper-brass and aluminum radiators (ratio not to exceed 2:1) f. Oil analysis data from each previous drain intervals for all trucks g. Coolant chemistry data, consistent for all trucks in accordance with Table 3: Coolant Chemistry on page 31

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14603

4.5.6.2. Vehicle exclusion criteria is criteria that shall be met in order for vehicle exclusion from the fleet test evaluation. In any one of the following situations, a vehicle is excluded from the fleet test evaluation. If the fleet testing requirements are not followed. If cooling system leakage exceeds 10 volume % or cooling system failure occurs. If the vehicle becomes disabled (i.e., accident, engine failure, inoperable, etc.) If the cooling system becomes contaminated with oil. If the cooling system is toped off or the coolant solution is replaced with a coolant solution volume greater that 20 volume % of the vehicle cooling system capacity. f. Coolant solutions or chemicals other than those prepared for that vehicle are added to the cooling system. g. If the coolant solution has to be drained or removed for major vehicle repairs, for example, milling or warped heads, engine overhaul, etc. h. If the vehicle coolant solution properties significantly change (i.e., cooling system contamination, coolant solution dilution, addition of cooling system additives, etc.). 4.5.6.3. Note: IF a vehicle falls out of the fleet testing requirements, that same vehicle can be rebuilt and restarted providing the fleet is not more than 30K miles into the test. Replacement or additional matched vehicles conforming to the requirements specified previously may be added to the fleet test provided the original fleet is not more than 30K miles into the test. Vehicles that are run together in a fleet test should be started at the same time so that all the vehicles in the test experience similar environmental and driving conditions. 4.5.6.4. Key coolant components, such as liners, water pump, and coolant system seals (e.g., oil cooler) shall be replaced prior to start of the test on 4 of the 14 engines or engines may be new engines with less than 30 hours of operation with other coolant. Key components shall be documented in the supplier's test plan. Two units of the 4 shall operate using reference coolant and two of the 4 shall operate using test coolant. The remaining 10 shall operate with 5 using reference coolant and 5 using the test coolant. Note: Neither new engines nor new liners are required if Section 4.5.8.1. on page 34 is not required. 4.5.6.5. The existing engine coolant shall be drained and then the cooling system shall be flushed three times using tap water. The flushing shall consist of filling the cooling system and running the engine until thermostat is fully open and then five (5) minutes of continuous flow prior to draining. a. b. c. d. e.

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4.5.6.6. The maintenance practices required by the coolant supplier and Cummins Inc. (e.g., coolant extender and coolant monitoring) shall be followed and documented during the field test. 4.5.6.7. The coolant shall be added to the cooling system per Cummins and coolant supplier recommendations. 4.5.6.8. Duration-One year, 321868 kilometers (200K miles) minimum.

Table 3: Coolant Chemistry Characteristic pH % Glycol/Glycerin Freezing Point (degree C, degree F) Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)% (percent by weight) Liner Pitting (all parts per millions (ppm)) - Nitrite (NO2) - Molybdate (MoO4) Corrosion Products (all ppm) - Iron (Fe) - Aluminum (Al) - Copper (Cu) - Lead (Pb) Silicate (NA2SiO3) ppm Buffers - Phosphate (K2HPO4) ppm - Borate (Na2B4O7) ppm
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Table 3: Coolant Chemistry (Continued) Characteristic Contaminants (all ppm) - Hardness (as calcium carbonate: CaCO3) - Chloride (Cl) ion - Sulfate (SO4) ion 4.5.7. Coolant Inspection 4.5.7.1. Beginning of Test Sample coolant solutions from each vehicle (118.34 mL [4 oz]) and conduct coolant analysis. The coolant analysis for each vehicle shall include: pH, reserve alkalinity, glycol/glycerin weight %, corrosion inhibitor content, contaminants (i.e., chloride, sulfate, etc.) and corrosion metal levels. The reference and test coolant solutions in the vehicles shall have a glycol/glycerin concentration near 50 volume %. The results shall be reported to Cummins Inc. or an agent of Cummins upon request. 4.5.7.2. Middle of Test (100K miles) Sample coolant solutions from each vehicle (118.34 mL [4 oz]) and conduct coolant analysis. The coolant analysis for each vehicle shall include: pH, reserve alkalinity, glycol/glycerin weight %, corrosion inhibitor content, contaminants (i.e., chloride, sulfate, etc.), glycol/glycerin degradation products and corrosion metal levels. The reference and test coolant solutions in the vehicles shall have a glycol/glycerin concentration near 50 volume %. The results shall be reported to Cummins Inc. or an agent of Cummins upon request. 4.5.7.3. End of Test (Minimum of 200K miles)* 4.5.7.3.1. Sample coolant solutions from each vehicle (118.34 mL [4 oz]) and conduct coolant analysis. The coolant analysis for each vehicle shall include: pH, reserve alkalinity, glycol/glycerin weight %, corrosion inhibitor content, contaminants (chloride, sulfate, etc.), glycol/glycerin degradation products and corrosion metal levels. The reference and test coolant solutions in the vehicles shall have a glycol/glycerin concentration near 50 volume %. The results shall be reported to Cummins Inc. or an agent of Cummins upon request. One liter of coolant and one liter of oil shall be saved from each of the fourteen engines at the end of test and submitted to Cummins Materials Engineering.

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14603

4.5.7.3.2. A coolant sample (118.43 mL (4 oz) shall be taken every 50K miles from reference and test vehicles during the field test. The coolant analysis for each vehicle shall include: pH, reserve alkalinity, glycol/glycerin weight %, corrosion inhibitor content, contaminants (i.e., chloride, sulfate, etc.) and corrosion metal levels. The reference and test coolant solutions in the vehicles shall have a glycol/glycerin concentration near 50 volume %. The results shall be reported to Cummins Inc. or an agent of Cummins upon request. 4.5.7.3.3. *The engines per Section 4.5.6.2. on page 30 (to be used for liner pitting inspection) shall have a minimum of 6000 test hours or 482803 kilometers (300K miles) prior to final inspection. 4.5.7.4. Acceptance Criteria 4.5.7.4.1. Coolant chemistry shall not exceed the condemning limits specified in Table 4: Coolant Condemning Limits on page 33 or coolant supplier's recommended limits, whichever is more restrictive. If the coolant chemistry for any specific engine fails to meet this criteria, that engine shall be torn down and inspected for cavitation, deposit formation and corrosion to determine if the coolant chemistry is robust enough to provide protection. Cummins may also require additional laboratory testing at these specific conditions to verify the robustness of the coolant to 'out of specification' conditions. Table 4: Coolant Condemning Limits Contaminant Sulfate ion Chloride ion Oil or fuel contamination Concentration Level 1500 ppm maximum 200 ppm maximum Noticeable by appearance or odor

The minimum pH for a condemning limit can vary according to the products supplier. A pH less than 6.5 is always unacceptable. For Fleetguard ES Compleat coolant, the pH coolant condemning limit is 7.5 minimum. 4.5.7.4.2. The coolant filter shall meet test plan criteria, as specified by filter manufacturer.

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4.5.8. Key Component Engine Inspection 4.5.8.1. Three of the new or rebuilt units using test coolant and three of the new or rebuilt units using reference coolant shall be torn down to inspect for liner pitting ONLY IF: a. the coolant chemistry does not meet the chemical requirements of ASTM D 6210, Annex title Chemical Requirements for Fully Formulated Heavy Duty Engine Coolant, for cavitation, hot surface scaling and deposit formation, or if, b. the coolant does not pass the test as specified in ASTM Research Report D15-1023, Diesel Engine Coolant Cavitation Test. (This method is preferred over field testing for liner pitting.) 4.5.8.1.1. Pass/Fail for ASTM Research Report D15-1023 Test Using the Diesel Engine Coolant Cavitation Test per ASTM Research Report D15-1023 issued in May 2004, the candidate coolant shall not exceed a pit count total of 200 (using the pit count method in effect at the time of issuance of this research report). 4.5.8.2. The water pump seal shall be inspected for weep hole leakage on all twelve engines. 4.5.8.3. Acceptance Criteria 4.5.8.3.1. If any water pump leakage occurs, the water pump shall be removed for evaluation to determine cause of leakage (e.g., face seal deposits or torn bellows). 4.5.8.3.2. If liner inspection is required, liner cavitation shall not exceed that of the engines using the reference coolant. 4.5.9. Oil Inspection Chemical analysis shall be performed on the oil from all routine drain intervals on each of the twelve engines to check for any internal leakage of coolant into the lube oil. 4.5.9.1. Acceptance Criteria 4.5.9.1.1. Coolant contamination of the oil shall not be greater than exhibited by an approved coolant or be in accordance with Table 5: Coolant Contamination of the Oil on page 35.

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Table 5: Coolant Contamination of the Oil Contaminant Potassium Sodium Requirements (increase above new oil level) 40 ppm maximum 40 ppm maximum

4.5.9.1.2. If the oil chemistry for any specific engine fails to meet this criteria, Cummins can request that engine to be torn down and inspected per Cummins requirements to determine if the coolant contamination had an effect on key oil related components as specified in test plan. Cummins may also require additional laboratory testing at these specific conditions to verify the robustness of the oil to these 'out of specification' conditions. 4.5.10. Full Field Test Evaluation Cummins shall review warranty claims reported against coolant system failures (e.g., leakage) after a minimum of one year of operation and at end of the test plan. The warranty shall be consistent with warranty data for similar engines of that vintage, horsepower range and duty cycle using currently approved coolant. If oil chemistry from Section 4.5.9. Oil Inspection on page 34 shows degradation beyond what is normally expected based on previous data, the warranty shall be reviewed for oil system failure (e.g., cams) to determine any potential effect on the oil system.

5. Additional Requirements
5.1. Coolant Compliance 5.1.1. Cummins neither approves or disapproves coolant not specifically marketed by Cummins Inc. Therefore, Cummins is not responsible for coolant system failures where maintenance practices are required. Any Supplier that markets their product as meeting this specification has responsibility for the quality, performance of their product and any associated liabilities under supplier's recommended maintenance practice.

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5.1.2. For any supplier to market their product as meeting this specification, the supplier shall have the required information showing compliance to this specification on file with Materials Engineering of Cummins Inc. Sample forms are provide in Appendix A: Forms on page 37. Copies of data from a Qualified Independent laboratory verifying the data on the forms shall be submitted along with the forms. The supplier's product shall meet all performance requirements of this specification and can only state it meets the performance requirements of this specification under the maintenance practices, and replenishment strategy used during field testing. 5.1.3. Materials Engineering shall issue a Cummins Technical Report which will include all data requested per this specification and distributed to the applicable Chief Engineers. 5.1.4. Cummins has the right to require additional testing beyond supplier recommendations, if warranty or beyond warranty data indicates unacceptable performance. 5.1.5. At such time, the supplier and Cummins shall determine appropriate action.

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Appendix A: Forms

Laboratory Corrosion Testing Form A


Coolant Supplier: Coolant Designation:
Property Glassware Corrosion Test Method ASTM D 1384 33% Glycol/Glycerin Solution Significance A method for assessing the general corrosive nature of the engine coolant under diluted glycol/glycerin conditions with standard solder Performance Criteria Metal Weight Loss Copper Solder Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Metal Weight Loss Copper Solder Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Metal Weight Loss Copper Solder Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Metal Weight Loss Copper Solder Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Aluminum Weight Loss Acceptable Limits (mg/specimen) Max. 10 15 10 10 10 20 (mg/specimen) Max. 10 20 10 10 10 20 (mg/specimen) Max. 10 15 10 10 10 20 ( mg/specimen) Max. 10 20 10 10 10 20 (mg/cm2/week) Max. 1.0 Results

Glassware Corrosion

Glassware Corrosion

ASTM D 1384 33% Glycol/Glycerin Solution High Pb Solder (L50113) arrangement per ASTM D 1384 ASTM D 1384 70% Glycol/Glycerin Solution

A method for assessing the general corrosive nature of the engine coolant under diluted glycol/glycerin conditions with high lead solder

A method for assessing the general corrosive nature of the engine coolant under concentrated glycol/glycerin conditions with standard solder

Glassware Corrosion

Hot Surface Aluminum Simulated Service Corrosion

ASTM D 1384 70% Glycol/Glycerin Solution High lead Solder (L50113) arrangement per ASTM D 1384 ASTM D 4340

A method for assessing the general corrosive nature of the engine coolant under concentrated glycol/glycerin conditions with high lead solder

ASTM D 2570

This test assesses the effectiveness of the coolant to protect aluminum surfaces which are involved in high heat transfer from corrosion and reduce deposit formation. This test assesses the corrosiveness of the coolant under circulating conditions which is a more aggressive situation than the Glassware Testing D 1384.

Water Pump Cavitation

ASTM D 2809

This test measures aluminum erosion and cavitation corrosion performance of coolants

Metal Weight Loss Copper Solder Brass Steel Cast Iron Aluminum Rating

(mg/specimen) Max. 20 40 20 20 20 40 8 minimum

Figure A1: Laboratory Corrosion Testing Form A

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Appendix A: Forms (Continued)

Elastomer Compatibility Testing Form B Elastomer Designation: Coolant supplier: Coolant Designation: Property 0 hours 168 hours (1 week) 504 hours (3 weeks) 1008 hours (6 weeks)

New Reference Candidate Reference Candidate Reference Candidate un-aged Coolant Coolant Coolant Coolant Coolant Coolant specimens Tensile (% Chg) Elongation (% Chg) Hardness Compression Set (%) Volume Chg (%) Weight Chg (%) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Figure A2: Elastomer Compatibility Testing Form B

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Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Appendix A: Forms (Continued)

Field Testing Form C Field Test Engines Roster


Identifier Coolant # Name Engine Type/ hp Engine Serial #/ Unit # Previous Engine Miles Fleet/ Coolant Type Duty Cycle (Hours) Location (if any)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Figure A3: Field Testing Form C

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 39 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Appendix A: Forms (Continued)

Key Component Inspection, Form D Coolant Supplier: Coolant Designation: Identifier # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Liner Liner Pitting Water Pump Seal Leak Inspection Inspection Acceptance (Y/N) Acceptance (Y/N) Acceptance (Y/N) per Required (Y/N)

Figure A4: Key Component Inspection, Form D

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 40 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Appendix A: Forms (Continued)

Coolant and Oil Inspection, Form E Coolant Supplier: Coolant Designation: Identifier # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Coolant Acceptance (Y/N) Oil Acceptance (Y/N) Comments

Figure A5: Coolant and Oil Inspection, Form E

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 41 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Appendix B: Engine Coolant Physical Characteristic Specifications

Base Engine Coolant Physical Characteristics


D 3306 Type I Concentrate Relative Density 20/20oC pH, 50% by volume in distilled water Water, mass % D 3306 Type II Concentrate D 3306 Type III 50/50 D 3306 Type IV 50/50 1.025 min Glycerol 99.70% Concentrate 1.250 to 1.265 Glycerol 99.70% 50/50 1.126 min @ 20oC D1122, D5931

1.110 to 1.145 1.030 to 1.065 1.065 min

7.5 to 11.0 5 max

7.5 to 11.0 5 max

7.5 to 11.0 NA

7.5 to 11.0 NA

7.5 to 11.0 < 0.3 max 25 max

7.5 to 11.0

Chloride ion, ppm 25 max 25 max 25 max 25 max Freezing Point, 50 volume % in distilled water, -37 (-34) max -32 (-26) max -37 (-34) max -32 (-26) max or C(oF ) or lower or lower or lower lower Boiling point, undilluted, oC(oF) 163 (325) min 152 (305) min 108 (226) min 104 (219) min 50 volume % in distilled water o C(oF) 108 (226) min 104 (219) min Effect on Auto finish none none none none Ash content mass % 5 max 5 max 2.5 max 2.5 max Reserve Alkalinity,mL Report Report Report Report

25 max

D1287 D1123 D3634, D5827

-32 (-25) max or lower 149.5 (301.1)

-31 (-24) max or lower 107.5 (225.5)

D1177, D6660 D1120

107.5 (225.5) none 5 max Report none 2.5 max Report

D1120 D1882 D1119 D1121

Type I Type II Type III Type IV

EG base concentration PG base concentration EG ( 50 vol %) PG ( 50 vol %)

Figure B1: Base Engine Coolant Physical Properties

Current Release Number

Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 42 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.

Engineering Standards
Name Identifier

COOLANT,ENGINE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION (INTERFACE)

Engineering Standard Number

14603

Appendix B: Engine Coolant Physical Characteristic Specifications (Continued)

Figure B2: Engine Coolant Grade Freeze Points Depresents


Current Release Number Std. Revision Level

082021-052

002

Page 43 of 43

CUMMINS CONFIDENTIAL This document (and the information shown thereon) is CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY and shall not be disclosed to others in hard copy or electronic form, reproduced by any means, or used for any purpose without written consent of Cummins Inc.