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The Latest Open Source Software Available And The Latest Development In ICT

Name : Mohammad Hafiz Bin Mohammad Rodze Class : 4 Fikrah

Tables Of Content

1.0 Introduction

2.0 The latest open source Operating System (OS) 2.1 Meaning of open source OS 2.2 Examples of open source OS

3.0 The latest open source Application software 3.1 Meaning of open source application software 3.2 Examples of open source application source

4.0 The latest Development in ICT 4.1 Hardware 4.2 Software


Pervasive computing 5.1 Meaning of the pervasive computing 5.2 Examples of pervasive computing





Meaning of open source software

Open source software (OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in the public domain. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.

Meaning of hardware
A computer's hardware consists of the physical components necessary to operate and interact with a computer. Since a computer's primary language is binary, devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code coming out of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operator.

Meaning of software
Software is often divided into two categories:

System software:

Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enable the computer to function.

Application software:

Includes programs that do real work for users. For example, word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems fall under the category of applications software.

The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS)

Meaning of open source OS

Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs on a computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

Examples of open source OS

Kubuntu Linux A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment. With a predictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu is the GNU/Linux distribution for everyone. Improved desktop, updated applications and increased usability features are just a few of the surprises with this latest release.

Fedora Linux

A Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and open source software. Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It is built by people across the globe who works together as a community: the Fedora Project. The Fedora Project is open and anyone is welcomed to join.

The Latest Open Source Application Software

Meaning of open source application software

Open Source Application Software (also called as end-user programs) includes database programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. It is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.

Examples of open source application software

- Open Office
An office application set (for word processing, spreadsheet manipulation, picture drawing and data base access) compatible with all other major office application sets. Such as Office and available for Windows and Mac as well as Linux and other UNIX systems.

- Squirrel Mail
An email application (for reading and writing email through a web client program) supporting IMAP and SMTP and available for Windows and Mac as well as Linux and other UNIX systems.

The Latest Development in ICT


Features Printer Type

Lexmark Impact S305 Printer/Copier/Scanner/Fax

Lexmark Interact S605 Printer/Copier/Scanner/ Fax

Print Speed

up to 33 pages/min (mono) / up to 30 pages/min (colour)

up to 33 pages/min (mono) up to 30 pages/min (colour)

Original Size Scanning Monthly Duty Cycle Maximum Print Resolution

8.5 in x 11.7 in (max) 1200x 2400 dpi 5000impressions up to 2400 x 1200 dpi (mono) / up to 4800 x 1200 dpi (colour)

8.5 in x 11.7 in (max) 1200 x 2400 dpi 5000 impressions up to 2400 x 1200 dpi (mono) / up to 4800 x 1200 dpi (colour)


USB host Hi-Speed USB IEEE 802.11b IEEE 802.11g

USB host Hi-Speed USB IEEE 802.11b IEEE 802.11g IEEE 802.11n (draft)

Document & Media Handling Weight Warranty

100sheets 14.4lbs 3 years warranty

100 sheets 16.5 lbs 3 years warranty



Adobe Photoshop CS3 Smart Filters Native Intel Macintosh support

Adobe Photoshop CS4 Adjustments panel Masks panel Smoother panning and zooming Fluid canvas rotation Common user interface Content Aware Scaling


Quick Selection tool Refine Edge tool Automatic layer alignment and blending

3D visualization and texture editing MATLAB integration Measurement and counting tools Extended DICOM format support Motion graphics and video layers Movie Paint Vanishing Point with 3D support Image stack processing

Breakthrough 3D editing and compositing Enhanced motion graphics Volume Rendering Easier data collection and analysis

Pervasive Computing

Meaning of pervasive computing

The idea that technology is moving beyond the personal computer to everyday devices with embedded technology and connectivity as computing devices become progressively smaller and more powerful. Also called ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing is the result of computer technology advancing at exponential speeds - a trend toward all manmade and some natural products having hardware and software. Pervasive computing goes beyond the realm of personal computers. It is the idea that almost any device, from clothing to tools to appliances to cars to homes to the human body to your coffee mug, can be imbedded with chips to connect the device to an infinite network of other devices. The goal of pervasive computing, which combines current network technologies with wireless computing, voice recognition, Internet capability and artificial intelligence, is to create an environment where the connectivity of devices is embedded in such a way that the connectivity is unobtrusive and always available.

Examples of pervasive computing

Smart phone

A smart phone is a mobile phone offering advanced capabilities, often with PC- like functionality. There is no industry standard definition of a smart phone. For some, a smart phone is a phone that runs complete operating system software providing a standardized interface and platform for application developers. For others, a smart phone is simply a phone with advanced features like e-mail, Internet and e-book reader capabilities, and/or a built-in full keyboard or external USB keyboard and VGA connector. In other words, it is a miniature computer that has phone capability.

Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)

A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a handheld computer, also known as a palmtop computer. Newer PDAs also have both color screens and audio capabilities, enabling them to be used as mobile phones, web browsers, or portable media players. Many PDAs can access the Internet via Wi-Fi, or Wireless Wide-Area Networks (WWANs). Many PDAs employ touch screen technology.

Open Source can be used by anyone and because it has no copyright claims, so users are free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms. Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interact with computers. Besides that, we can easily give the computer commands and the computer will grant your wish.

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