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PROTOTYPE OF RF BASED STATION INTIMATION USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION Abstract: The aim of this project is to alert the train

engine driver if any coach got fire and also each coach will display the name of the approaching station and alerts before a station has reached. Temperature Sensor will be placed in intensive areas of each coach and if any of the temperature sensor value exceeds a critical level it alerts a message to the engine driver. The message contains the coach information and the temperature value. If any passenger pulled the pull-chain means it displays the coaches info to Display unit.

This project deals with passenger security and for passenger comfort. The place identification is done with RF technology. The message will be displayed before certain distance and the passengers will get alert to get down in their desired station. This reduces the passengers not to depend on others to know the approaching station. Unmanned railway level crossing gates when the train is approximately 1 or 2 KM away from the railway crossing, the both side gate will be closed. When the train crosses the railway crossing, the gates get opened automatically through Radio Frequency. And this project will help the passengers really a lot. Development Tools: Keil IDEs This tool is used to develop the source code needed for the design. The tool helps us not only to develop but also compile the code and simulate the code. The keil tool is also used to convert the compiled Embedded C code to its equivalent hex code.

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Flash Programmer. Flash programmer is used to fuse the built hex code into the Microcontroller AT89c51 (here).

OrCAD-Circuit Design. This tool is used to design the schematic of the hardware. Using Orcad the PCB layout is designed

Language: Embedded C.

1.1 OVER VIEW OF THE PROJECT


This project mainly deals with passenger security and for passenger comfort. The place identification is done using RF technology. In this there are two sections Transmitting and Receiving sections. Their circuit and operation are briefly described forth coming chapter There are some applications where we can use such kind of project. One such applications area are given below. 1. In order to know which vehicle is arriving to the station(with number) let us assume a train traveling an a track suppose that due to some reasons, the train has got fire accident. Then driver receives a signal transmitting unit indicating that a coach has a fire accident mean while the transmitter unit takes necessary steps with the help of fire control unit to decrease the fire accident

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1.3.BLOCK DIAGRAM

Display Unit 2x16 LCD 8-Channel ADC

Decoder Driver Circuit

RF Transmitter Receiver

Block Diagram:

COACH-1 Temperature

Alarm-1

ATMEL MCU
COACH-2 Temperature

Fire Control Unit

Power Supply

BLOCKDIAGRAM

Battery Power

Encoder

RF Module Transmitter

Station 1

Station 2

Station 3

BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION:-

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The aim of this project is mainly to display the name of station to which a vehicle is arriving. It consists of two sections transmitter and receiver section. The transmitter consists of a RF module transmitter and encoder. It transmits the radio frequency signal at a frequency of 433.92 MHZ. The receiver consists of a RF receiver and received signal is given to the micro controller through data lines from the decoder. There the signal is given to the LCD display to display the name of station that the vehicle is arriving. In case of fire accidents the micro controller issues a signal to buzzer. We implement an embedded kit which contains 89s51 micro controller plays a master role to monitor all the parameters. The power supply unit supplies power to entire circuit.

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