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servant - naukarr prithivi- boomi math - cry kithne baje - at what time haftha - week kithna - how many

age - saal elder brother - bhai shaadhee - marriage mehman - guest khula - remain open roz - hours kamaaya - earn bathaavo - tell me mareez - patient paddthe - studying dhafthar - office rasoyiya - cook pakaatha - prepare naya - new chadd - hill saktha - climb pradharshani - exihibition bar - bar - again & again kyonkar - how sabhee - all seekhna - learn ball - shave kasrath - exercise bheer - crowd chintha - worry

parivar - family members chchaatra - student tharaf - side nazdheek - near sarak - road pul - bridge dhena - give me garmee - hot atmosphere vuthrana - get down kamra - room yahaan koyee - is there chaahiye - need kiraya - rent ththaila - bag kam se kam - minimum zyaadhaa se zyaadha - maximum manzil - floor gusalkhana - bathroom isliye - therefore banva - prepare ttahra - stay badhdhayiyan - congrats] sharam - ashamed khed hai - very sorry kam - less khafeedher - enough time dhdheere - slow kul - total seedhdhe chale - go straight ] bayeen tharaf - left side

patha batha - address bisthar - bed chchootnewalee - start now seedhdhee - direct pahunchna - reach vaapsee - return journey jagah nahi - no space magar - but gupth - secret lifaafa - envelopes aakhiree - last daak ghar - post poffoice vithrna - delivery mahanga - costly

(Main jaanboojhkar deyr se aaya.) I deliberately came late Mein I Woh / Usne He Woh She Tum / Aap You Yeh It

Ek A Aao / Aaiye Come Aaya / Aayee / Aaye Came Aayega/ Aayegi/ Aayenge Will come Kholo / Kholiye / Kholna Open Khola Opened Kholega / Kholegi / Kholenge Will open Baitho / Baithiye / Baithna Sit Chalo / Chaliye / Chalna Walk Khao / Khaiye / Khana Eat Piyo / Peejiye / Peena Drink Jeetna Win

Jaao / Jaaiye / Jaana Go Daudna Run Mein jaata hoon I go Woh jaata hai He goes Woh sev khaata hai He eats an apple Woh sev khaa raha hai He is eating an apple Usne sev khaya He ate an apple Meine pichhle saftah film dekhi I saw the film last week Woh kal bus se aayee She came by bus yesterday Ve mandir gaye They went to the temple Woh raat bhar soya He slept the whole night Usne exam achcha likha He wrote well in the examination

Usne khaa liya He has eaten Usne khaa liya tha He had eaten Woh chala gaya tha He had gone Woh aaya tha He had come Woh khaayega He will eat Woh jaayega He will go Woh aayega He will come Tumhara /Aapka naam kya hai ? What is your name? Kya What Hai / Hein Is Tumhara / Aapka Your Naam Name

Tumne / Aapne kya kiya ? What did you do? Mein kya karoon ? What should I do? Mein kya kar sakta hoon ? What can I do? Kya sawal hein ? What are the questions? Kya sawal the ? What were the questions? Aakhiri sawal kya hai ? What is the last question? Khat mein kya likha hai ? What is written in the letter? Tumhein kya kaha gaya tha ? What you had been told? Jawab kya hoga ? What will be the answer? Tum / Aap kyon aaye ? Why did you come? Tum / Aap kyon soye ? Why did you sleep? Tumne use jaane ko kyon kaha ? Why did you tell him to go?

Woh bag kyon laya ? Why did he bring the bag? Usne paisa kyon diya ? Why did she pay the money? Ve wahan kyon baithe the ? Why did they sit there? Tum / aap car kyon chalate ho ? Why do you drive the car? Ve meeting ke liye deri se kyon aaye ? Why did they come late for the meeting? Tum / aap kaise aaye ? How did you come? Tum kaise soye ? How did you sleep? Tumne car kaise chalayee ? How did you drive the car ? Tumne kaise likha ? How did you write? Mere haath mein kitne sev hein ? How many apples are there in my hand? Tumne kitne liye ? How many did you take? Usne tumhen kitna paisa diya ? How much did he pay you?

Aur kitni door jana hai ? How much distance to go? Kal ki yatra kaisi thi ? How was the journey yesterday? Tum / Aap kis raaste se aaye ? Which way did you come? Tumhara /Aapka pasandida rang kaun sa hai? Which is your favourite colour? Tum / Aap kaunse kamre mein soye ? In which room did you sleep? Tumne kaunsi kahani batayee ? Which story did you tell? Sabse meetha fal kaunsa hai ? Which is the sweetest fruit? Hindi mein sabse achcha newspaper kaunsa hai ? Which is the best newspaper in Hindi? Kis bharatiya rajya ki jansankhya sabse jyada hai ? Which Indian state has the largest population? Aap / tum kahan se aa rahe ho ? Where are you coming from? Tum kahan soye ? Where did you sleep? Manager ka cabin kahan hai ? Where is the manager s cabin?

Mujhe kahan jaana chahiye ? Where should I go? Kya yeh kitab hai ? Is it a book? Haan, yeh kitab hai Yes, it is a book Kya yeh jawab hai? Is it the answer? Haan yehi jawab hai. Yes, it is the answer Kya tum mere saath aaoge ? Will you come with me? Mein tumhare saath aaunga. I shall come with you. Kya tum mujhe apna pen doge ? Will you give me your pen? Haan, zaroor Yes, of course. Kya tum mujhe pyar karte ho ? Do you love me ? Haan mein tumhein pyaar karta (m) / karti(f) hoon Yes, I love you. Kya tum mujhe apna pen de sakte ho? Can you give me your pen?

Kya tum box utha sakte ho ? Can you lift the box? Kya tum pariksha likh sakte ho ? Can you write the exam? Kya tumne dopehar ka khana khaya ? Did you have your lunch? Tum kaise ho / Aap kaise hain ? How are you? Main achha hoon I am fine

Present Tense Part 4 By admin June 15, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Grammar, Meena, Naraindas, Nathan 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (9 votes, average: 4.89 out of 5) Standard Podcast [ 5:34 ] Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download Objective: Review making the present tense form of verbs depending on gender, number, and p erson. (See July 12, 2008 Present Tense masculine and June 13, 2008 Present Tens e feminine. Also, you can see other examples of form the present tense using the verbs to write and to say in the July 14, 2008 podcast.) Review all the forms for: ???? (khaanaa) to eat ???? (jaanaa) to go ??? (aanaa) to come Lesson ???? (khaanaa) Masculine forms I eat. = ??? ???? ???? (main khaata huun) We eat. = ?? ???? ???? (ham khaate hain.) You eat. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu khaata hai) (use the singular form o f the verb) You eat. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum khaate ho) (use the plural form of the v to eat

erb) You eat. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap khaate hain) (use the plural form of the v erb) He eats. ?? ???? ??? (vah khaata hai) They eat. ?? ???? ???? (ve khaate hain). Feminine forms I eat. = ??? ???? ???? (main khaathii huun) We eat. = ?? ???? ???? (ham khaathii hain.) You eat. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu khaathii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You eat. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum khaathii ho) (use the plural form of the verb) You eat. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap khaathii hain) (use the plural form of the verb) She eats. ?? ???? ??? (vah khaathii hai) They eat. ?? ???? ???? (ve khaathii hain). ???? (jaanaa) Masculine forms I go. = ??? ???? ???? (main jaata huun) We go. = ?? ???? ???? (ham jaate hain.) You go. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu jajaata hai) (use the singular form o f the verb) You go. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum jaate ho) (use the plural form of the ver b) You go. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap jaate hain) (use the plural form of the ver b) He goes. ?? ???? ??? (vah jaata hai) They go. ?? ???? ???? (ve jaate hain). Feminine forms I go. = ??? ???? ???? (main jaatii huun) We go. = ?? ???? ???? (ham jaatii hain.) You go. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu jaatii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You go. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum jaatii ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) to go

You go. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap jaatii hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) She goes. ?? ???? ??? (vah jaatii hai) They go. ?? ???? ???? (ve jaatii hain). ??? (aanaa) to come

Masculine forms I come. = ??? ??? ???? (main aanta huun) We come. = ?? ??? ???? (ham aante hain.) You come. (very informal) = ?? ??? ??? (tuu aanta hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You come. (informal) = ??? ??? ??? (tum aante ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You come. (formal) = ?? ??? ???? (aap aante hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) He comes. ?? ??? ??? (vah aanta hai) They come. ?? ??? ???? (ve aante hain). Feminine forms I come. = ??? ??? ???? (main aatii huun) We come. = ?? ??? ???? (ham aatii hain.) You come. (very informal) = ?? ??? ??? (tuu aatii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You come. (informal) = ??? ??? ??? (tum aatii ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You come. (formal) = ?? ??? ???? (aap aatii hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) She comes. ?? ??? ??? (vah aatii hai) They come. ?? ??? ???? (ve aatii hain).

Present tense verbs part 2 feminine subjects By admin June 13, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Grammar, Meena, Naraindas, Nathan 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (13 votes, average: 4.62 out of 5) Standard Podcast [ 6:06 ] Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download Objective: Review the present tense masculine verb forms from yesterday s lesson.

Learn the different forms of the verb for present tense feminine forms. Lesson: Review of masculine form First get the root of the verb by remove -?? (-naa) . If the subject is masculine si ngular, then add ?? (ta) to the end. If the subject is masculine and plural add ?? (te) . Now you just need to know the helper verb for the pronoun you want to use. These pairings are the same for the feminine form of the present tense that we are cov ering today. masculine first person singular

I [verb] = ??? [verb] ???? (main [verb] huun) example: I read. masculine ??? ????? ???? (main pardta huun). plural

first person

We [verb] = ?? [verb] ???? (ham [verb] hain.) example: We read. ?? ????? ???? (ham pardte hain.) masculine second person

The second person can be a little confusing. There are three versions of you. ?? (tuu), ??? (tum), and ?? (aap). All three of which can be used when talking to a single person. The first one ?? (tuu) is grammatically singular and is the l east formal. It would be used when talking to your child, for instance. The ot her two ??? (tum), and ?? (aap) are grammatically plural. The most polite versi on is ?? (aap). You will want to remember these combinations of the three you per verbs. ?? (tuu) and ?? (hai) ??? (tum) and ?? (ho) ?? (aap) and ??? (hain) Now in the present tense, the singular masculine is the verb root with ?? (ta) add ed. And the plural case is the root with ?? (te) added. The various forms of I re ad. are as follows: ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? masculine (tuu pardta hai) (tum pardte ho) (aap pardte hain) singular pronouns and the hel

third person

He [verb]. ?? [verb] ??? (vah [verb] hai) example: He reads. ?? ????? ??? (vah pardta hai)

masculine

third person

plural

They [verb]. ?? [verb] ???? (ve [verb] hain). example: They read. ?? ????? ???? (ve pardte hain). Feminine Present Tense After understanding the masculine version, the feminine form will be easy. Take the root of the verb and add ?? (thii) for both the singular and plural forms. H ere is an example using ????? (pardnaa) to read. I read. (female speaker) ??? ????? ???? (main pardtii huun). We read. (referring to a group of females) ?? ????? ???? (ham pardtii hain.) You read. (referring to a female) Three versions: ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? his form.) (tuu pardtii hai) (tum pardtii ho) (aap pardtii hain) (This is the most formal.. If in doubt, use t

She reads. ?? ????? ??? (vah pardtii hai) They read. ?? ????? ???? (ve pardtii hain). (for a group of females)

Phone Phrase Part 1 Who is this? By admin June 9, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Conversations and Phrases, Meena, Naraindas, Na than, Uncategorized 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (7 votes, average: 4.86 out of 5) Standard Podcast [ 8:33 ] Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download Today is Monday, June 9, 2008. Who is this? (with respect) ?? ??? ???? When talking to someone with respect, you use the plural version of pronouns and verbs. Therefore, if you look at ?? ??? ???? You would literally have Who are th ese? Which would not make sense. But in Hindi, when talking to someone with respe ct, it is correct. ?? = these (formal; grammatically plural) The singular form of ?? is ??. ??? = who ??? = are The singular version of ??? is ??. The bindu appears with the plural version but is not present in the singular version. The bindu adds a nasal sound. If you want to say Who is this? in a casual way, without the formal respect that i

s in

?? ??? ???? , then you would say ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????

?? ??? ??? .

What is your name? Who is speaking?

In English, we often try to make phrases seem more respectful by adding please . Fo r example, instead of saying Who is speaking? we might say, who is speaking please? . It might be tempting to add ????? which is the Hindi word for please into these phr ases. However, that is not necessary, because ?? and ?? already convey the respect. #259 Past Tense By admin June 25, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Meena, Naraindas, Nathan 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (15 votes, average: 4.47 out of 5) Standard Podcast Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download #259 Past Tense Regular Transitive Verbs

Today we are going to cover the perfect past tense for transitive verbs. This te nse refers to actions that are completed. For example: I read. I wrote. I ate. e tc. This tense is fairly easy to make. Take the stem of the verb, which is found by removing the ?? (na) ending. And then add -? (aa) Let us review the list of verbs that we used for the present tense: (See July 12, 2008 Present Tense masculine and June 13, 2008 Present Tense femin ine. Also, you can see other examples of form the present tense using the verbs t o write and to say in the July 14, 2008 podcast. We also covered the present tense of to eat , to go , and to come in the July 15, 2008 podcast) We will cover to read a future point. ????? (pardnaa) ????? (likhanaa) ???? (kahanaa) ???? (khaanaa) ????? (siikhana) and leave the other verbs for an exercise to be reviewed at

to read (transitive) to write (transitive) to say (transitive) to eat (transitive) to learn (transitive) after it.

When using a transitive verb, the subject has ?? (ne) The perfect past tense of ????? (pardnaa) culine and feminine forms: I read We read You read ??? ?? ???? (main ne pardaa) ?? ?? ???? (ham ne pardaa)

to read is as follows for both the mas

The are three version. A very informal one ?? ?? ???? (tuu ne pardaa)

An two more that are actually grammatically plural. ??? ?? ???? (tum ne pardaa)

and the most formal which is ?? ?? ???? (aap ne pardaa) He/She/It read They read ?? ?? ???? (us ne pardaa)

???????? ???? (unhone pardaa)

Write and Say in the Present Tense By admin June 14, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Grammar, Meena, Naraindas, Nathan 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (15 votes, average: 4.27 out of 5) Standard Podcast Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download Objective: Review making the present tense form of verbs depending on gender, number, and p erson. (See July 12, 2008 Present Tense masculine and June 13, 2008 Present Tens e feminine) Review all the forms for: ????? (likhanaa) to write ???? (kahanaa) to say Lesson In order to form the present tense, you must remember these combination of prono uns and helper verbs: I [verb] = ??? [verb] ???? (main [verb] huun) We [verb] = ?? [verb] ???? (ham [verb] hain.) You [verb] (very informal) = ?? [verb] ?? (tuu [verb] hai) (use the singular for m of the verb) You [verb] (informal) = ??? [verb] ?? (tum [verb] ho) (use the plural form of th e verb) You [verb] (formal) = ?? [verb] ??? (aap [verb] hain) (use the plural form of th e verb) He/She/It [verb]. ?? [verb] ??? (vah [verb] hai) They [verb]. ?? [verb] ???? (ve [verb] hain). You must also learn three rules: 1) If the subject is masculine and singular take the root of the verb and add ?? (ta) 2) If the subject is masculine and plural take the root of the verb and add e) 3) If the subject is feminine take the root of the verb and add Example using ????? (likhanaa) Masculine forms to write ?? (tii) ?? (t

I write = ??? ????? ???? (main likhata huun) We write = ?? ????? ???? (ham likhate hain.) You write (very informal) = ?? ????? ?? (tuu likhata hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You write (informal) = ??? ????? ?? (tum likhate ho) (use the plural form of the verb) You write (formal) = ?? ????? ??? (aap likhate hain) (use the plural form of the verb) He writes . ?? ????? ??? (vah likhata hai) They write. ?? ????? ???? (ve likhate hain). Feminine forms I write. = ??? ????? ???? (main likhataii huun) We write = ?? ????? ???? (ham likhataii hain.) You write (very informal) = ?? ????? ?? (tuu likhataii hai) (use the singular fo rm of the verb) You write (informal) = ??? ????? ?? (tum likhataii ho) (use the plural form of t he verb) You write (formal) = ?? ????? ??? (aap likhataii hain) (use the plural form of t he verb) She writes . ?? ????? ??? (vah likhataii hai) They write. ?? ????? ???? (ve likhataii hain). Here is another example using ???? (kahanaa) Masculine forms I say = ??? ???? ???? (main kahata huun) We say = ?? ???? ???? (ham kahate hain.) You say (very informal) = ?? ???? ?? (tuu kahata hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You say (informal) = ??? ???? ?? (tum kahate ho) (use the plural form of the ver b) You say (formal) = ?? ???? ??? (aap kahate hain) (use the plural form of the ver b) He says . ?? ???? ??? (vah kahata hai) They say. ?? ???? ???? (ve kahate hain). Feminine forms I say. = ??? ???? ???? (main kahatii huun) to say

We say = ?? ???? ???? (ham kahatii hain.) You say (very informal) = ?? ???? ?? (tuu kahatii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You say (informal) = ??? ???? ?? (tum kahatii ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You say (formal) = ?? ???? ??? (aap kahatii hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) She says. ?? ???? ??? (vah kahatii hai) They say. ?? ???? ???? (ve kahatii hain). Present Tense Part 4 By admin June 15, 2008Posted in: Beginner, Grammar, Meena, Naraindas, Nathan 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (9 votes, average: 4.89 out of 5) Standard Podcast [ 5:34 ] Hide Player | Play in Popup | Download Objective: Review making the present tense form of verbs depending on gender, number, and p erson. (See July 12, 2008 Present Tense masculine and June 13, 2008 Present Tens e feminine. Also, you can see other examples of form the present tense using the verbs to write and to say in the July 14, 2008 podcast.) Review all the forms for: ???? (khaanaa) to eat ???? (jaanaa) to go ??? (aanaa) to come Lesson ???? (khaanaa) Masculine forms I eat. = ??? ???? ???? (main khaata huun) We eat. = ?? ???? ???? (ham khaate hain.) You eat. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu khaata hai) (use the singular form o f the verb) You eat. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum khaate ho) (use the plural form of the v erb) You eat. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap khaate hain) (use the plural form of the v erb) He eats. ?? ???? ??? (vah khaata hai) They eat. ?? ???? ???? (ve khaate hain). Feminine forms to eat

I eat. = ??? ???? ???? (main khaathii huun) We eat. = ?? ???? ???? (ham khaathii hain.) You eat. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu khaathii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You eat. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum khaathii ho) (use the plural form of the verb) You eat. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap khaathii hain) (use the plural form of the verb) She eats. ?? ???? ??? (vah khaathii hai) They eat. ?? ???? ???? (ve khaathii hain). ???? (jaanaa) Masculine forms I go. = ??? ???? ???? (main jaata huun) We go. = ?? ???? ???? (ham jaate hain.) You go. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu jajaata hai) (use the singular form o f the verb) You go. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum jaate ho) (use the plural form of the ver b) You go. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap jaate hain) (use the plural form of the ver b) He goes. ?? ???? ??? (vah jaata hai) They go. ?? ???? ???? (ve jaate hain). Feminine forms I go. = ??? ???? ???? (main jaatii huun) We go. = ?? ???? ???? (ham jaatii hain.) You go. (very informal) = ?? ???? ??? (tuu jaatii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You go. (informal) = ??? ???? ??? (tum jaatii ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You go. (formal) = ?? ???? ???? (aap jaatii hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) She goes. ?? ???? ??? (vah jaatii hai) They go. ?? ???? ???? (ve jaatii hain). ??? (aanaa) to come to go

Masculine forms

I come. = ??? ??? ???? (main aanta huun) We come. = ?? ??? ???? (ham aante hain.) You come. (very informal) = ?? ??? ??? (tuu aanta hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You come. (informal) = ??? ??? ??? (tum aante ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You come. (formal) = ?? ??? ???? (aap aante hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) He comes. ?? ??? ??? (vah aanta hai) They come. ?? ??? ???? (ve aante hain). Feminine forms I come. = ??? ??? ???? (main aatii huun) We come. = ?? ??? ???? (ham aatii hain.) You come. (very informal) = ?? ??? ??? (tuu aatii hai) (use the singular form of the verb) You come. (informal) = ??? ??? ??? (tum aatii ho) (use the plural form of the ve rb) You come. (formal) = ?? ??? ???? (aap aatii hain) (use the plural form of the ve rb) She comes. ?? ??? ??? (vah aatii hai) They come. ?? ??? ???? (ve aatii hain).