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SUMMARY OF FIRE TEST REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC RESEARCH PLAN Introduction Within the requirements of UL1703 (Section 16),

a photovoltaic module or panel intended for stand-off, rack, or direct mounting in combination with a specified roof, or intended for integral mounting, shall comply with the fire resistance requirements for a Class A, B, or C roof covering when the module or panel is indicated or implied as being fire rated. The fire resistance of the PV products is determined in accordance with the Standard for the Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings, UL 790, and as modified by Fire Tests, Section 31 of UL1703. To communicate this to users of UL certifications, the text below appears in the UL QIGU Guide Information to provide some explanation of the PV module Listing evaluation: Installation of modules on or integral to a building's roof system may or may not adversely affect the roof-covering materials' resistance to external fire exposure if the module has a lesser or no fire-resistance rating. Roof-covering materials will not be adversely affected when the modules have an equal or greater fire-resistance rating than the roof-covering material. To further communicate the intent of these requirements, Section 47.11 requires that a module or panel be marked relative to its fire resistance rating as a roof covering. A module or panel shall be marked "Not Fire Rated," unless it complies with the requirements for fire rating. This proposed research-testing program is intended to better define how PV modules of various flame class rating affect roofing materials of various flame class ratings when installed in typical PV installations. The purpose of this summary is to provide an overview of the test requirements from UL790.

Page 2 Summary of UL790 Tests Fire response tests in UL790 cover the fire resistance performance of roof coverings, materials, and products exposed to simulated fire sources originating from outside a building on which the products are installed. Evaluations in accordance with UL790 result in three different classifications: 1. Class A roof coverings are effective against severe fire test exposures. Under such exposures, roof coverings of this class afford a high degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and are not expected to produce flying brands, 2. Class B roof coverings are effective against moderate fire test exposures. Under such exposures, roof coverings of this class afford a moderate degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and are not expected to produce flying brands, and 3. Class C roof coverings are effective against light fire test exposures. Under such exposures, roof coverings of this class afford a light degree of fire protection to the roof deck, do not slip from position, and are not expected to produce flying brands. These test methods do not necessarily illustrate the expected performance of roof coverings under all actual fire conditions, but they do intend to provide a basis for comparison of the response of roof coverings and products when subjected to fire sources that are described in the tests. Tests conducted in accordance with these requirements are intended to demonstrate the performance of roof coverings during the types and periods of fire exposure involved, but are not intended to determine the acceptability of roof coverings for use after exposure to fire. The two tests of UL790 referenced within UL1703 are the Spread of Flame Test and the Burning Brand Test. Consequently, these two tests are the focus for the Fire Test Research Plan.

Page 3 Spread of Flame Test The Spread of Flame Test measures the surface spread of flame and the ability of the roof covering material or system to resist fire penetration from the exterior to the underside of a roof deck under the conditions of exposure by subjecting an assembly to a specified flame carried by an nominal 12-mph wind for a specified time according to the following classifications desired. (See Table below) Classification A B C Flame Temperature 1400F 1400F 1300F Test Duration 10 minutes 10 minutes 4 minutes Maximum Spread 6 ft 8 ft 13 ft

This test also evaluates whether a roof covering material will develop flying burning material (identified as flying brands), when subjected to the 12-mph wind during the simulated fire exposure tests. Burning Brand The Burning Brand test measures a roof assembly's ability to resist flame penetration from flaming embers by placement of various-sized, ignited wooden brands onto the roof surface. The surface is exposed to a 12-mph wind. The test continues until all brands are consumed and all evidence of flame, glowing or smoke has disappeared from the top exposed surface and deck underside. The following brands sizes according to classification are: Classification A B C Number of Brands per Test 1 2 20 Size of Brands 12 by 12 in. 6 by 6 in. by in. Weight of Each Brand 4.4 lbs 17.5 oz 0.32 oz

Both the Spread of Flame and Burning Brand tests evaluate whether a roof covering material will develop flying burning material, identified as flying brands, when subjected to a 12-mph wind during the simulated fire exposure tests. Both tests are performed on test decks inclined at slopes up to and including 5 in. per horizontal foot.