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Chapter 6 Outline Assignment

Name: ______________________________

p.____
Textbook pages 153-185 Reading Packet
World Foundations

Due Date(s):

_______________________________
Follow the same directions as you did for the Chapter 1 Outline Assignment. Remember, an * indicates
the item is not in the text reading these items will be answered in class.

Introduction Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 BCE500 CE


A. Previewing Main Ideas (pages 152-153)
1. Why was the Mediterranean Sea important to the Roman Empire?________________
____________________________________________________________________
2. What geographical features might have helped or hindered the spread of Christianity
throughout the Roman Empire?____________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

I. The Roman Republic


A. The Origins of Rome
1. Why do you think the myth of Romulus and Remus has endured for so long?_______
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Rome was built on the __________ River, near the center of the Italian peninsula.
3. What influence did the Etruscans have on Roman civilization?___________________
_____________________________________________________________________
B. The Early Republic
1. What led to the establishment of the republic?_________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. A republic is __________________________________________________________
Who in Rome was granted voting rights?____________________________________
3. Who were patricians?___________________ plebeians?_______________________
What were the political differences and similarities between Romes patricians and
plebeians?_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
4. What were tribunes?____________________________________________________
5. What were the Twelve Tables?_______________________________ What was their
significance? __________________________________________________________
6. What were the Roman consuls?____________________________________________
What limits were there on the power of the consuls?___________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
7. What was the senate and what powers did it have?_____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
8. Under what circumstances would the republic appoint a dictator?_________________
_____________________________________________________________________
9. What evidence shows that the Romans placed great value on their military?________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
10. How was the Roman military organized?___________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Skillbuilder: Interpreting Charts (page 157)


1. What similarities do you see in the governments of the Roman Republic and the United States?
______________________________________________________________________________
2. Which government seems more democratic? Why?____________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

C. Rome Spreads Its Power


1. How did Rome treat different sections of its conquered territory?_________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. What was the cause of the Punic Wars (264-146 BCE)?_________________________

3. Who was Hannibal?_____________________________________________________


4. How was Hannibals attack on Rome daring and different?______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. Why were the Punic Wars important?_______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

II. The Roman Empire


A. The Republic Collapses
1. What factors contributed to the fall of the Roman Republic?_____________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. What effects did the large estates (latifundia) have on small farmers?______________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. As the republic grew more unstable, what happened to the military?_______________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. How did Julius Caesar come to power?______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. What were Caesars reforms?
a.______________________________

d.______________________________

b.______________________________

e._set up a new calendar with 365 days

c.______________________________
6. Why did Caesars rivals feel they had to kill him?_____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Following Caesars death, civil war broke out again. In 31 BCE,
_________________
became the unchallenged ruler of Rome; he accepted the title Augustus, meaning
____________________.

B. A Vast and Powerful Empire


1. To what does the term Pax Romana refer?___________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. What steps did Augustus take to create a sound government?____________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. What were civil servants?________________________________________________
4. What was the most important industry in the empire?__________________________
5. What effect did the system of roads have on the Roman Empire?_________________
_____________________________________________________________________
6. What were the main reasons for the Romans success in controlling such a large
empire?_______________________________________________________________
C. The Roman World
1. What were the qualities of gravitas? Why were they so valued in the Roman world?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. How did Romes population fare during the golden age of the Pax Romana?________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. What aspects of Roman life might signal future problems for the empire?__________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. What measures did the government take to distract and control the masses of Rome?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Social History
Life in a Roman Villa (page 166-167)
*This policy was called ____________ and _______________.
1. What is a fresco?_________________________________________________________________
2. How does a typical villa meal compare to a typical meal today?____________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
3. How are homes today similar to a Roman villa? How are they different?____________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

III. The Rise of Christianity


Setting the stage: Christianity was born as a movement within ___________________; it
emphasized a more _______________________________________between God and people.
A. The Life and Teachings of Jesus
1. What did Jesus emphasize in his early teachings?______________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. How were Jesus teachings at odds with Roman values and religious ideas?_________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Who were the apostles?__________________________________________________
4. Why did Jesus message appeal to the poor?__________________________________
5. Why might both the Romans and the chief Jewish priests have felt threatened by
Jesus?________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
6. Why did the followers of Jesus think he was the Messiah?_______________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
B. Christianity Spreads Through the Empire
1. Who was Paul?________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

2. Why was the apostle Paul so important to the spread of Christianity?______________


_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. What was the Diaspora, and what led up to it?________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. Why did the early Christians face persecution from the Romans?_________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. What is a martyr?_______________________________________________________
6. Why were the citizens of the Roman Empire drawn to Christianity?

_________________________________________________________________
_

_________________________________________________________________
_

_________________________________________________________________
_

_________________________________________________________________
_

_________________________________________________________________
_

7. Who was Constantine?__________________________________________________


What was the significance of the following to Christianity:
a. 313 CE:_________________________________________________________
b. Edict of Milan:___________________________________________________
c. 380 CE:_________________________________________________________
8. How was the Early Christian Church organized?
pope = __________________________________________________________
bishop = __________________________________________________________
priests = __________________________________________________________

9. How did Church leaders attempt to end disagreements and set out a single, official
standard of basic beliefs?_________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

IV. The Fall of the Roman Empire


A. A Century of Crisis
1. During the third century CE, several factors contributed to the decline of the Roman
Empire. Fill in the chart, describing these internal factors:
weakening economy
trade was __________________ by hostile tribes and pirates.
the Romans lacked _______________________________________.
desperate for revenue, the government ___________________________.
it created money with less ___________________________.
inflation: ________________________________________________________________
agriculture problems: ______________________________________________________

military turmoil
Roman soldiers had become less___________________________, giving their
allegiance to _________________________________________
the government began to hire mercenaries:______________________________________

political turmoil
loyalty of the average citizen _________________________________________________
no clear successor__________________________________________________________

B. Emperors Attempt Reform


1. How did Diocletian succeed in preserving the empire?_________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________
2. What effect did dividing the empire have on both the Western and Eastern halves?
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Why did the empire continue to fail despite Diocletians reform and effective rule?
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. In 330 CE Constantine moved the capital from Rome to Byzantium. Why did he
choose this location for his capital?_________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Eventually the city took a new name ______________________________.
5. How does control of Byzantium offer trade and defensive advantage to cultures on the
Black Sea?____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
C. The Western Empire Crumbles
1. Why did so many Germanic tribes begin invading the Roman Empire?_____________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Why do you think the Western Roman Empire was unable to field an army to stop the
Germanic tribes from invading?___________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Who was Attila the Hun, and what did he do?_________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. The Western Roman Empire fell in 476; the Eastern Roman Empire survived and
flourished for another ______ years, preserving _________ and __________ heritage.
It became known as the ____________________ Empire.

V. Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization


A. The Legacy of Greco-Roman Civilization
1. What is Greco-Roman culture?____________________________________________

2. How did Roman sculpture differ from Greek?________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. What is bas-relief sculpture and how was it used?_____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. What were mosaics, and where might you find one?____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. How did stoicism fit with other Roman ideals?________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
B. The Legacy of Rome
1. What influence did Latin have on the development of Western languages?__________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. What were some of the architectural forms achieved by the Romans?______________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. For what purpose were aqueducts designed?
__________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Why is law considered
the most lasting
of Roman
Science & 4.Technology:
The Colosseum
(page
182) contributions?_________________
_____________________________________________________________________
1. The Colosseum
has been the model for sports stadiums worldwide. How is the design of modern
5. How did
protect those What
accused
stadiums patterned
afterRoman
that oflaw
the Colosseum?
areof
thecrimes?__________________________
similarities?__________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
2. What do the kinds of spectacles the Romans watched tell us about them as a people and about
their leaders?___________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

6. Explain what the historian R. H. Barrow meant when he said that Rome never really
fell but instead achieved immortality. ______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

Otter says, Whew! Good job!