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ANSI/HI 1.1-1.2-2000 I . i.

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American National Standard for
Centrifugal
Pumps
for Nomenclature and
Definitions
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9 Sylvan Way
Parsippany, New Jersey
07054-3802
www.pumps.org
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Sponsor
Hydraulic Institute
www.pumps.org
Approved August 11, 1999
ANSI/HI 1.1-1.2-2000
....
American National Standard for
Centrifugal Pumps
for Nomenclature and Definitions
American National Standards Institute, Inc.
(\ Recycled
., paper
American
National
Standard
Published By
Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by ANSI that the
requirements for due process, consensus and other criteria for approval have been met
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Hydraulic Institute
9 Sylvan Way, Parsippany, NJ 07054-3802
www.pumps.org
Copyright 2000 Hydraulic Institute
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form,
in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without prior
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Printed in the United States of America
ISBN 1-880952-27-0
(
Contents
Page
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. vii
1 Centrifugal pumps
1.1 Types and nomenclature ...................................... .
1.1.1 Scope ................................................... .
1.1.2 Definition of a centrifugal pump .............................. .
1.1.3 Types of kinetic pumps ..................................... .
1.1.4 Impeller designs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.1.5 Construction drawings ...................................... 4
1.1.6 General information ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.1.7 Centrifugal pumps nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
1.2 Definitions................................................. 55
1.2.1 Rate of flow (capacity) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
1.2.2 Speed.................................................. 55
1.2.3 Head................................................... 55
1.2.4 Condition pOints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
1.2.5 Suction conditions ...................................... , .. 58
1.2.6 Power.................................................. 58
1.2.7 Pump pressures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
1.2.8 Impeller balancing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Appendix A References.......................................... 62
Appendix B Index ................................... ........... 63
Figures
1.1 - Kinetic type pumps ....... : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1
1.2 - Comparison of pump profiles ................................... 3
1.3 - Radial flow pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.4 - Mixed flow pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3
1.5 - Axial flow pump ............................................. 4
1.6 - Overhung impeller - close couple single stage - end suction .......... 4
1.7 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - diffuser style-
end suction - submersible ............................. : . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.8 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - submersible . . . . . . . . 6
1.9 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - in-line
(showing seal and packing) ......................................... 7
iii
1.10 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line -
flexible coupling. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8
1.11 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line -
rigid coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9
1.12 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
frame mounted .. ' ................. : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 10
1.13 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
frame mounted - lined pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 11
1.14 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
centerline support - API 610 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 12
1.15 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
frame mounted - ANSI 873.1 ...................................... 13
1.16 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
wet pit volute ................................................. " 14
1.17 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
axial flow - horizontal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 15
1.18 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
single stage - axial (horizontal) split case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 16
1.19 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
single stage - raoial (vertical) split case ., . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 17
1.20 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
multistage axial (horizontal) split case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 18
1.21 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
multistage radial (vertical) split case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 19
1.22 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupled-
multistage radial (vertical) split - double casing ......................... 20
1.23 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
frame mounted - mixed flow ......................... ; ............. 21
1.24 - Regenerative turbine - side channel single stage ................. 22
1.25 - Regenerative turbine - peripheral single stage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
1.26 - Regenerative turbine - impeller between bearings - two stage . . . . . . 23
1.27 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage-
frame mounted - self-priming ...................................... 24
1.28 - Pump shaft rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26
1.29 - Horizontal pump rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1.30 - Vertical pump rotation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26
1.31 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stage-
frame mounted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 39
1.32 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stage -
frame mounted - pump on base plate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
1.33 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
centerline mounted .............................................. 41
1.34 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
centerline mounted - pump on base plate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
iv
(
1.35 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
centerline mounted (top suction) .................................... 43
1 .36 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage -
centerline mounted pump on base plate (top suction) .................... 44
1.37 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
single stage axial (horizontal) split case pump on base plate .............. 45
1.38 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
single stage axial (horizontal) split case ............................... 46
1.39 - Overhung impeller - close coupled - single stage - end suction ..... 47
1.40 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled - single stage -
frame mounted (vertically mounted) .................................. 47
1.41 - Stuffing-box area .......................................... 48
1.42 - Dimensions for types JM and JP alternating current
face-mounting close-coupled pump motors having rolling contact bearings . . . 50
1.43 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA type HP and HPH vertical
solid-shaft motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
1.44 - Datum elevations for various pump designs ..................... 55
1.45 - High-energy versus low-energy pumps (metric) .................. 59
1.46 - High-energy versus low-energy pumps (US units) ................ 60
Tables
1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing .............. 27
1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - numerical listing ................ 35
1.3 - Dimensions for Type JM alternating-current face-mounting
close-coupled pump motors ........................................ 51
1.4 - Dimensions for Type JP alternating-current face-mounting
close-coupled pump motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
1.5 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA Type HP and HPH vertical
solid-shaft motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
1.6 - Symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
1.7 - Subscripts ................................................ 57
v
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Foreword (Not part of Standard)
Purpose and aims of the Hydraulic Institute
The purpose and aims of the Institute are to promote the continued growth and
well-being of pump manufacturers and further the interests of the public in such
matters as are involved in manufacturing, engineering, distribution, safety, trans-
portation and other problems of the industry, and to this end, among other things:
a) To develop and publish standards for pumps;
b) To collect and disseminate information of value to its members 'and to the
public;
c) To appear for its members before governmental departments and agencies
and other bodies in regard to matters affecting the industry;
d) To increase the amount and to improve the quality of pump service to the public;
e) To support educational and research activities;
f) To promote the business interests of its members but not to engage in busi-
ness of the kind ordinarily carried on for profit or to perform particular services
for its members or individual persons as distinguished from activities to
improve the business conditions and lawful interests of all of its members;
Purpose of Standards
1) Hydraulic Institute Standards are adopted in the public interest and are
designed to help eliminate misunderstandings between the manufacturer,
the purchaser and/or the user and to assist the purchaser in selecting and
obtaining the proper product for a particular need.
2) Use of Hydraulic Institute Standards is completely voluntary. Existence of
Hydraulic Institute Standards does not in any respect preclude a member
from manufacturing or selling products not conforming to the Standards.
Definition of a Standard of the Hydraulic Institute
Quoting from Article XV, Standards, of the By-Laws of the Institute, Section B:
"An Institute Standard defines the product, material, process or procedure with
reference to one or more of the following: nomenclature, composition, construc-
tion, dimensions, tolerances, safety, operating characteristics, performance, qual-
ity, rating, testing and service for which designed."
Comments from users
Comments from users of this Standard will be appreciated, to help the Hydraulic
Institute prepare even more useful future editions. Questions arising from the con-
tent of this Standard may be directed to the Hydraulic Institute. It will direct all
such questions to the appropriate technical committee for provision of a suitable
answer.
If a dispute arises regarding contents of an Institute publication or an answer pro-
vided by the Institute to a question such as indicated above, the point in question
shall be referred to the Executive Committee of the Hydraulic Institute, which then
shall act as a Board of Appeals.
vii
Revisions
The Standards of the Hydraulic Institute are subject to constant review, and revi-
sions are undertaken whenever it is found necessary because of new develop-
ments and progress in the art. If no revisions are made for five years, the
standards are reaffirmed using the ANSI canvass procedure.
Units of Measurement
Metric units of measurement are used; and corresponding US units appear in
brackets. Charts, graphs and sample calculations are also shown in both metric
and US units.
Since values given in metric units are not exact equivalents to values given in US
units, it is important that the selected units of measure to be applied be stated in
reference to this standard. If no such statement is provided, metric units shall govern.
Consensus for this standard was achieved by use of the Canvass
Method
The following organizations, recognized as having an interest in the standardiza-
tion of centrifugal pumps were contacted prior to the approval of this revision of
the standard. Inclusion in this list does not necessarily imply that the organization
concurred with the submittal of the proposed standard to ANSI.
A.R. Wilfley & Sons
ANSIMAG Inc.
Bechtel Corp.
Black & Veatch
Brown & Caldwell
Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc.
Carver Pump Company
Cheng Fluid Systems, Inc.
Crane Company, Chern pump Div.
Cuma SA
Dean Pump Div., Metpro Corp.
DeWante & Stowell
Dow Chemical
EnviroTech Pumpsystems
Essco Pump Division
Exeter Energy Ltd. Partnership
Fairbanks Morse Pump Corp.
Fluid Sealing Association
Franklin Electric
GKO Engineering
Grundfos Pumps Corp.
Illinois Dept. of Transportation
IMC - Agrico Chemical Corp.
Ingersoll-Dresser Pump Company
ITT Fluid Handling (8 & G)
ITT Fluid Technology
ITT Industrial Pump Group
Iwaki Walchem Corp.
J.P. Messina Pump & Hydr. Cons.
John Crane, Inc.
Krebs Consulting Service
viii
KSB, Inc.
M.W. Kellogg Company
Malcolm Pirnie, Inc.
Marine Machinery Association
Marley Pump Company
Marshall Engineered Products
Company
Montana State University
MWI, Moving Water Industries
Oxy Chern
Pacer Pumps
Paco Pumps, Inc.
Pinellas Cty, Gen. Servo Dept.
The Process Group, LLC
Raytheon Engineers & Constructors
Reddy-Buffaloes Pump, Inc.
Robert Bein, Wm. Frost & Assoc.
Scott Process Equipment Corp.
Settler Supply Company
Skidmore
South Florida Water Mgmt. Dist.
Sta-Rite Industries, Inc.
Sterling Fluid Systems (USA), Inc.
S t o n ~ & Webster Engineering Corp.
Sulzer Bingham Pumps, Inc.
Summers Engineering, Inc.
Systecon, Inc.
Val-Matic Valve & Mfg. Corp.
Yeomans Chicago Corp.
Zoeller Engineered Products
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
~ 1 Centrifugal pumps
1.1 Types and nomenclature
1.1.2 Definition of a centrifugal pump
Kinetic pumps may be classified by such methods as
impeller or casing configuration, end application of the
pump, specific speed or mechanical configuration. The
method used in Figure 1.1 is based primarily on
mechanical configuration.
A centrifugal pump is a kinetic machine converting
mechanical energy into hydraulic energy through cen-
trifugal activity.
1.1.3 Types of kinetic pumps
1.1.1 Scope
Centrifugal pumps are most commonly typed by their
general mechanical configuration. The broadest char-
acteristics, which include virtually all centrifugal
pumps, are the following:
This Standard is for centrifugal and regenerative tur-
bine pumps of all industrial/commercial types except
vertical single and multistage diffuser types. It includes
types and nomenclature.
Kinetic
Centrifugal
Overhung
impeller
End suction
~ I o s e coupled -C (Including su-b-m-e-rs-ib-I-e-s)-- Fig. 1.6, 1.7, 1.8
smgle or two
stage In-line -------- Fig. 1.9
Separately
coupled
single or
two stage
In-line ANSI 873.2 Fig. 1.10, 1.11
Frame mounted----- Fig. 1.12, 1.13, 1.23,
Centerline support 1.27
API-610 Fig. 1.14
Frame mounted
ANSI 873.1
--- Fig. 1.15
Wet pit volute Fig. 1.16
Axial flow impeller (propeller) .
(horiz. or vertical) - Fig 1.17
[
Canned motor See HI 5.1-5.6
Sealless ---1
Magnetic drive See HI 5.1-5.6
Separately ... .
coupled ---r AXial (horlz.) split case -- Fig. 1.18
Impeller { single stage L
between Radial (vertical) split case - Fig. 1.19
bearings Separately
I d
;-c
Axial (horiz.) split case -- Fig. 1.20
coupe
multistage
Radial (vertical) split case - Fig. 1.21, 1.22
----- Fig. 1.25
-[
Single stage
-{
Peripheral
Regenerative M It" t -------
turbine u IS age
Fig. 1.26
-------.,------ Fig. 1.24 Side channel
-
-----------I[ Reversible centrifugal
Special effect
Rotating casmg (pltOt tube)
Figure 1.1 - Kinetic type pumps
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1.1.3.1 Overhung impeller type
In this group, the impeller (or impellers) is mounted on
the end of a shaft that is cantilevered or "overhung"
from its bearing supports.
These pumps are either close coupled, where the
impeller is mounted directly on the driver shaft; or sep-
arately coupled, where the impeller is mounted on a
separate pump shaft supported by its own bearing.
1.1.3.2 Impeller between bearing type
In this group, the impeller (or impellers) is mounted on
a shaft with bearings at both ends. The impeller is
mounted "between bearings."
These pumps are further separated as single stage
and multistage configurations.
1.1.3.3 Regenerative turbine type
A low rate of flow, high head pump utilizing p.eripheral
or side channel vanes or buckets on a rotating impeller
to impart energy to the pumped liquid. The liquid trav-
els in a helical pattern through the impeller vanes and
accompanying flow passages, with the liquid pressure
increasing uniformly through the passages from inlet
port to outlet port.
1.1.3.4 Special variations
In addition to the mechanical configuration described
previously, there are some special variations of pumps
that are included in these general types but which
stand separately because of some special characteris-
tic. Examples of these are:
a) Sewage pumps with nonclog impellers;
b) Abrasive pumps which may be made of hard met-
als or may have rubber lining;
c) Heating circulating pumps which are fractional
horsepower units for home heating systems;
d) Canned motor or magnetic drive pumps which do
not require mechanical seals or packing.
1.1.4 Impeller designs
Impeller designs are grouped as either radial flow,
mixed flow, or axial flow depending on their hydraulic
geometry. These are further described as follows:
2
1.1.4.1 Specific speed
To understand impeller groupings better, a discussion ~
of specific speed may be helpful.
Specific speed is a correlation of pump rate of flow
head, and speed at optimum efficiency, which c 1 a s s i ~
fies the pump impellers with respect to their geometric
similarity.
Specific speed is a number usually expressed as:
nQ5
NS=-
H75
Where:
NS = Pump specific speed;
n = Rotative speed in revolutions per minute;
Q = Rate of flow in m
3
/h (gpm) at optimum
efficiency;
H = Total head in meters (feet) per stage
The specific speed of an impeller is defined as the rev- ..
?Iutiollns per minute at which a geometrically similar ..
Impe er would run if it were of such a size as to dis-
charge one m
3
/hr (gpm) against one meter (foot) head.
Specific speed is not strictly dimensionless as indi-
cated in Table 1.6, but those dimensions are not
shown for convenience.
Specific speed is indicative of the shape and charac-
teristics of an impeller. It has been found that the ratios
of major dimensions vary uniformly with specific speed.
Specific speed is useful to the designer in predicting
proportions required and to the application engineer in
checking suction limitations of pumps. Proportions
vary with specific speed as shown in Figure 1.2.
Pumps are traditionally divided into three types: radial
flow, mixed flow, and axial flow. However, it can be
seen from Figure 1.2 that there is a continuous change
from the radial flow impeller, which develops pressure
principally by the action of centrifugal force, to the axial
flow impeller, which develops most of its head by the
propelling or lifting action of the vanes on the liquid.
In the specific speed range of approximately 1200 to
7000 (1000 to 6000), double suction impellers areA
used as frequently as single suction impellers. ~
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Values of specific speeds
us Units US Units
I I
o 0 0 0 0 0
o 0 0 0 0 0
I!) CD !'-como
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0
~
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 0 0
C'l C') '<t I!) CD !'- co
m ~
I!) 0
,....
C'l
-::- Impeller shrouds
- Impeller shrouds
Impeller hub
Radial-vane area Francis-vane area Mixed-flow area Axial-flow area
_ Axis of
rotation
Metric
I
o
o
<0
a
a
a
o
o
o
C'l
o
o
o
C')
o
o
~
o
o
a
a
Metric
I
o
o
o
o
C'l
NOTE: Profiles of several pump impeller designs ranging from low specific speed radial flow on the left to a high specific
speed axial flow on the right. placed according to where each design fits on the specific speed scale.
Figure 1.2 - Comparison of pump profiles, single suction pumps
Figure 1.3 - Radial flow pump
1.1.4.2 Suction specific speed
Suction specific speed is an index number for a centrif-
ugal pump similar. to discharge specific speed and is
used to define its suction characteristic. See HI 1.3-
2000 Section 1.3.4.1.15.
1.1.4.3 Radial flow
Pumps of this type with single inlet impellers usually
have a specific speed below 4900 (4200). and with
~ . double suction impellers. a specific speed below 7000
~ (6000). In pumps of this type, the liquid enters the
- impeller at the hub and flows radially to the periphery
(see Figure 1.3).
~ SHAFT
Figure 1.4 - Mixed flow pump
1.1.4.4 Francis vane
Radial flow impellers with double curvature of the
vanes at the inlet.
1.1.4.5 Mixed flow
This type of pump has a single inlet impeller with the
flow entering axially and discharging in an axial and
radial direction. Pumps of this type usually have a spe-
cific speed from 4900 to 10.500 (4200 to 9000) (see
Figure 1.4).
3
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1.1.4.6 Axial flow
A pump of this type, sometimes called a propeller
pump, has a single inlet impeller with the flow entering
axially and discharging nearly axially. Pumps of this
type usually have a specific speed above 10,500
(9000) (see Figure 1.5).
Figure 1.5 - Axial flow pump
Casing
2 Impeller
6 Shaft
14 Sleeve, shaft
26 Screw, impeller
32 Key, impeller
1.1.5 Construction drawings
The construction drawings on the following pages 0
were prepared to provide a means for identifying the
various pump types covered by the HI Standards and
also to serve as the basis for a common language
between the purchaser, manufacturer and specifica-
tion writer.
Generally the individual part names on these drawings
are numbered such that rotating parts have been
assigned even numbers while non-rotating parts have
been assigned odd numbers. There are a few excep-
tions however.
In cases where a pump may use two or more parts
that are of the same generic type but different geome-
tries (e.g., gaskets) this difference is indicated by the
addition of a letter suffix to the item number (e.g., 73A,
738, etc.).
71 6 73 32 I 2
40 Deflector
65 Seal, mechanical, stationary element
69 Lockwasher
71 Adapter
73 Gasket
80 Seal, mechanical rotating element
,
Figure 1.6 - Overhung impeller - close couple single stage - end suction
4
222
16
31
5
2
9
2
5
6
9
16
18
24
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Impeller 31
Diffuser 35 Cover, bearing, inboard
Shaft 89 Seal, mechanical
Cover, suction 201 Housing, stator
Bearing, inboard 222 Assembly, rotor core
Bearing, outboard 223 Assembly, stator core
Nut, impeller
Figure 1.7 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single
stage - diffuser style - end suction - submersible
18
6
201
223
35
89
89
24
5
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
201
18
223
222
6
16
31
35
t
89
89
24
2
7
1 Casing 24 Nut, impeller
2 Impeller 31 Housing, bearing, inboard
6 Shaft 35 Cover, bearing, inboard
7 Ring, casing 89 Seal, mechanical
8 Ring, impeller 201 Housing, stator
16 Bearing, inboard 222 Assembly, rotor cover
18 Bearing, outboard 223 Assembly, stator core
Figure 1.8 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single stage - submersible
6
<t
2
11
13
14
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
40
~ 7 1
14
13
17
89
11
73
2
Casing 17 Gland
Impeller 40 Deflector
Cover, seal chamber 71 Adapter
Packing 73 Gasket, casing
Sleeve, shaft 89 Seal, mechanical
Figure 1.9 - Overhung impeller - close coupled single
stage - in-line (showing seal and packing)
7
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
33 1 Casing
2 Impeller
C
18 6 Shaft, pump
11 Cover, seal chamber
99
14 Sleeve, shaft
-16 Bearing, inboard
6
17 Gland
18 Bearing, outboard
16
33 Cap, bearing, outboard
40 Deflector
14
42 Coupling half, driver
17
44 Coupling half, pump
47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
89
49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
73 Gasket
II
81 Pedestal, driver
88 Spacer, coupling
2 89 Seal
99 Housing, bearing
Figure 1.10 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line - flexible coupling
t
8
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
86
70
81
66
46
32
6
pq
'-'-
117
11
25 8
1 Casing 46 Key, coupling
2 Impeller 66 Nut, shaft adjusting
6 Shaft, pump 70 Coupling, shaft
7 Ring, casing 73 Gasket
8 Ring, impeller 81 Pedestal, driver
11 Cover, seal chamber 86 Ring, thrust, split
24 Nut, impeller 89 Seal
27 Ring, cover 117 Bushing, pressure reducing
32 Key, impeller
Figure 1.11 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - in-line - rigid coupling
9
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
c
25
~ ~ L _ 2 8
24
9
t
73 40 2 73
Casing 27 Ring, stuffing-box cover
2 Impeller 28 Gasket, impeller screw
6 Shaft, pump 29 Ring, lantern
9 Cover, suction 32 Key, impeller
13 Packing 35 Cover, bearing, inboard
14 Sleeve, shaft 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
16 Bearing, inboard 38 Gasket, shaft sleeve
17 Gland 40 Deflector
18 Bearing, outboard 47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
19 Frame 49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
22 Locknut, bearing 69 Lockwasher
24 Nut, impeller 73 Gasket
25 Ring, suction cover 78 Spacer, bearing
Figure 1.12 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted
10
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1C Casing, suction half 22 Locknut, bearing
1D Casing, gland half 35 Cover, bearing, inboard
2 Impeller 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
6 Shaft 40 Deflector
9 Cover, suction 47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
16 Bearing, inboard 49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
18 Bearing, outboard 65 Seal, mechanical, stationary element
19 Frame 66 Nut, shaft adjusting
21A Liner, suction cover 71 Adapter
21B Liner, cover 80 Seal, mechanical, rotating element
21C Liner, casing, suction half 99 Housing, bearing
21D Liner, casing, gland half
Figure 1.13 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted - lined pump
11
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
12
Casing
2 Impeller
6 Shaft, pump
7 Ring, casing
14
8A Ring, impeller, eye
8B Ring, impeller, hub
11 Cover
14 Sleeve, shaft
16 Bearing, inboard
18 Bearing, outboard
22 Locknut, bearing
24 Nut, impeller
27 Ring, stuffing-box cover
32 Key, impeller
35
I
40A I 16
45 99 73C 22
60 18 69
35 Cover, bearing, inboard
37 Cover, bearing, outboard
40A Deflector, inboard
40B Deflector, outboard
45 Cover, oil bearing cap
46 Key, coupling
60 Ring, oil
63 Bushing, cover
69 Lockwasher
73A Gasket, casing
408 46
73C Gasket, outboard cover, bearing housing
89 Seal
99 Housing, bearing
Figure 1.14 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled
single stage - centerline support - API 610
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Casing 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
2 Impeller 46 Key, coupling
6 Shaft, pump 47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
11 Cover, seal chamber 49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
16 Bearing, inboard 69 Lockwasher
17 Gland 71 Adapter
18 Bearing, outboard 73 Gasket
19 Frame
89 Seal
22 Locknut, bearing
Figure 1.15 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - frame mounted - ANSI 873.1
13
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
44
49
22
42
81
37
1 Casing
99
2 Impeller
6 Shaft, pump
9 Cover, suction
10 Shaft,head
18 Bearing, outboard
22 Locknut, bearing
26 Screw, impeller
18
32 Key, impeller
e 47
37 Cover bearing, outboard
39 Bushing, bearing
39
42 Coupling half, driver
44
Coupling. half, pump
193
47 Seal, bearing cover
6
inboard
49 Seal, bearing cover,
32
outboard
70 Coupling, shaft
71 Adapter
81 Pedestal, driver
105 99 Housing, bearing
101 Pipe, column
105 Elbow, discharge
193 Retainer, bearing
209 Strainer
Figure 1.16 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - wet pit volute
14
1 Casing
2 Impeller
6 Shaft
13 Packing
14 Sleeve, shaft
16 Bearing, inboard
17 Gland
18 Bearing, outboard
19 Frame
22 Locknut, bearing
23 Base plate
26 Screw, impeller
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
SUCTION
,
17 13 29 73 57 32 2 73 26 1
1 39 2 32 26
Overhung Propeller
57 32 2 73 1 39
Propeller Suported
Between Bearings
29 Ring, lantern
32 Key, impeller
35 Cover, bearing, inboard
37 Cover, bearing, outboard
39 Bushing, bearing
40 Deflector
57 Elbow, suction
68 Collar, shaft
69 Lockwasher
73 Gasket
99 Housing, bearing
Figure 1.17 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single stage - axial flow - horizontal
15
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
16
6
22 18 40 32 40
1A
1B
2
6
7
8
14
16
18
20
Casing, lower half 22 Locknut
Casing, upper half 31 Housing, bearing inboard
Impeller 32 Key, impeller
Shaft 33 Housing, bearing outboard
Ring, casing 35 Cover, bearing inboard
Ring, impeller 37 Cover, bearing outboard
Sleeve, shaft 40 Deflector
Bearing, inboard 65 Seal, mechanical stationary element
Bearing, outboard 80 Seal, mechanical rotating element
Nut, shaft sleeve 123 Cover, bearing end
Figure 1.18 -Impeller between bearings - separately
coupled - single stage - axial (horizontal) split case
22
1
2
6
7
8
11
14
16
18A
18B
20
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
16 6 50
60 31 40
Casing 22 Locknut, bearing
Impeller 31 Housing, bearing, inboard
Shaft 32 Key, impeller
Ring, casing 33 Housing, bearing, outboard
Ring, impeller 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
Cover 40 Deflector
Sleeve, shaft 50 Locknut, coupling
Bearing, inboard, sleeve 60 Ring, oil
Bearing, outboard, sleeve 65 Seal, mechanical, stationary element
Bearing, outboard, ball 80 Seal, mechanical, rotating element
Nut, shaft sleeve
Figure 1.19 -Impeller between bearings - separately
coupled - single stage - radial (vertical) split case
17
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
46 6
I '
I !
I
I
18
41 18 43 123
I I
40 16 31 60 40 73 117 14 78 2 11714322 14 117 8 7 2328763 lA 4018 33 60 78 18 22 60 73
1A
1B
2
6
7
8
14
16
. 18
22
31
32
Casing, lower half 33 Housing, bearing, outboard
Casing, upper half 40 Deflector
Impeller 41 Cap, bearing, inboard
Shaft, pump 43 Cap, bearing, outboard
Ring, casing 46 Key coupling
Ring, impeller 60 Ring, oil
Sleeve, shaft 63 Bushing
Bearing, inboard 73 Gasket
Bearing, outboard 78 Spacer, bearing
Locknut, bearing 117 Bushing, pressure reducing
Housing, bearing, inboard 123 Cover, bearing end
Key, impeller
Figure 1.20 - Impeller between bearings - separately
coupled - multistage axial (horizontal) split case
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
35
22 18 40 83 80 32 7 5 2 83 16 6
1
2
5
6
7
16
18
22
31
32
33
Casing 35 Cover, bearing, inboard
Impeller 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
Diffuser 40 Deflector
Shaft 56 Disc or drum, balancing
Ring, casing 63 Bushing, stuffing-box
Bearing, inboard 65 Seal, mechanical, stationary element
Bearing, outboard 73 Gasket
Locknut, bearing 80 Seal, mechanical, rotating element
Housing, bearing, inboard 83 Stuffing-box
Key, impeller 123 Cover, bearing end
Housing, bearing, outboard
Figure 1.21 - Impeller between bearings - separately
coupled - multistage radial (vertical) split case
19
HI Centrifugal P u ~ p Types and Nomenclature - 2000
123
1A
1B
2
6
7
16
18
20
33 18 40 40 31 16 40 6
7 1 A 32 117 2 117
Casing, lower half 31 Housing, bearing, inboard
Casing, upper half 32 Key, impeller
Impeller 33 Housing, bearing, outboard
Shaft, pump 40 Deflector
Ring, casing 117 Bushing, pressure reducing bushing
Bearing, inboard 123 Cover, bushing end
Bearing, outboard
Figure 1.22 - Impeller between bearings - separately coupled
- multistage radial (vertical) split - double casing
(
\
25

1
2
6
8
9
11
13
14
16
17
18
19
22
24
25
~
""".
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
. / ,/ ',' . ,/ '// ......
24
Casing 29
Impeller 32
Shaft 33
Ring, impeller 35
Cover, suction 38
Cover, stuffing-box 40
Packing 43
Sleeve, shaft 47
Bearing, inboard 49
Gland 67
Bearing, outboard 69
Frame 73
Locknut, bearing 78
Nut, impeller 169
Ring, suction cover
67 99A 99 125
FAR
SInE:
Ring, lantern
Key, impeller
1 40 6
1
1
I"
1 53
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Housing, bearing, outboard
Cover, bearing, inboard
Gasket, shaft sleeve
Deflector
Cap, bearing, outboard
Seal, bearing cover, inboard
Seal, bearing cover, outboard
Shim, frame liner
Lockwasher
Gasket
Spacer, bearing
Seal, bearing housing
Figure 1.23 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled
single stage - frame mounted - mixed flow
21
HI Centrifuql'll Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1"
2
9
14
24
22
Casing
Impeller
Cover, suction
Sleeve, shaft
Nut, impeller
o
o
o
o
/
CD
/
-,
I
I
I
I
I
I-it-+t-- - _1-
1\ - __ J
Figure 1.24 - Re,generative turbine - side channel single stage
26
32
40
65
Screw, impeller 66 Nut, adjustment
Key, impeller 71 Adapter
Deflector 80 Seal, mechanical, rotating
Seal, mechanical, stationary
element
element 119 Ring -"0"
SUCTION
-I-t-litl ftttH-Ht - ..
2
____ --32

of --+-1 - --- --- --- --- --+-1-+
14
73
Figure 1.25 - Regenerative turbine - peripheral single stage
46
2
6
13
16
17
18
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
6 16 80 32 2 25 13 17 40 18 22
Casing 22 Locknut, bearing
Impeller 25 Ring, channel
Shaft 32 Key, impeller
Packing 40 Deflector
Bearing, inboard 46 Key, coupling
Gland 80 Seal, mechanical
Bearing, outboard
Figure 1.26 - Regenerative turbine - impeller between
bearings - two stage
23
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
2
5
6
9
11
16
18
32
24
Casing 37 Cover, bearing, outboard
Impeller 40 Deflector
Diffuser 46 Key, coupling
Shaft 47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
Cover, suction 49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
Cover, seal chamber 73 Gasket
Bearing, inboard 89 Seal
Bearing, outboard 99 Housing, bearing
Key, impeller
Figure 1.27 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled
single stage':" frame mounted - self-priming
1.1.6
t 1.1.6.1
General information
Size of centrifugal pumps
,
The diameter of the discharge opening of a centrifugal
pump determines its nominal size only and does not
definitely fix its rate of flow. It is recommended that the
required rate of flow be specified.
1.1.6.2 Duplicate performance pump
A duplicate pump is one in which the performance
characteristics are the same as another within the vari-
ations permitted by these standards, and parts are of
the same type; but, by reason of improved design and/
or materials, mounting dimensions and parts are not
necessarily interchangeable.
1.1.6.3 Dimensionally interchangeable pump
An interchangeable pump is one in which the mount-
ing dimensions are such that the replacement pump
can be mounted on the existing bedplate and match
existing piping and driver, with hydraulic characteris-
tics and materials to be specified. Interchangeability
may involve some variation, not necessarily significant,
as a result of manufacturing tolerances.
1.1.6.4 Identical performance and dimensional
pump
An identical pump is a duplicate of, and in addition is
interchangeable with, a s'pecific pump. Where it is
intended that a pump is to be identical in all respects
including parts, mountings, connecting flange dimen-
sions and materials, it should be identified as "identical
with Pump No. __ ", not "duplicate."
1.1.6.5 Definitions for bare rotor and rotating
"assembly
1.1.6.5.1 Single stage, axially (horizontally) split,
single or double suction centrifugal pump
1.1.6.5.1.1 Bare rotor
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
impeller ring(s);
shaft sleeves.
It shall not include such items as mechanical seal(s),
gland(s), lantern ring(s), packing, water shield(s), oil
thrower(s), or oil ring(s), bearings, bearing appurte-
nances, coupling, pulley, or sheave.
1.1.6.5.1.2 Rotating assembly
A rotating assembly shall consist of a bare rotor plus
casing wearing rings (where used), casing bushings
(where used), bearings, and all other stationary or
rotating parts required to be assembled over the shaft.
A rotating assembly shall include the following (where
used):
packing and gland(s);
mechanical seals(s) and gland(s);
water shield(s);
oil thrower(s);
oil ring(s);
bearing housing cover(s).
It shall not include coupling, pulley, or sheave, nor shall
it include bearing housings except when these are of a
design that requires that they be assembled prior to
mounting of the bearings.
1.1.6.5.2 Multistage, axially split, single or double
suction centrifugal pumps
1 . 1 . 6 . 5 . ~ . 1 Bare rotor
A bare rotor shall consist of the following as an assem-
bly (where used):
a shaft with all nuts;
A bare rotor shall consist of the following as an assem- keys;
bly (where used):
a shaft with all nuts;
keys;
~ - impeller;
impellers;
impeller rings;
shaft sleeves;
25
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
interstage sleeve(s);
balancing drum and/or disc.
It shall not include such items as mechanical seal(s),
gland(s), lantern ring(s), packing, deflector(s), oil
thrower(s), oil rings(s), bearings, bearing appurte-
nances, coupling, pulley or sheave. A bare rotor may
have to be disassembled for installation in the pump.
1.1.6.5.2.2 Rotating assembly
A rotating assembly shall consist of a bare rotor plus
the following (where used): casing ring(s), interstage
diaphragm(s) and bushing(s), diffuser(s), balancing
ring or bushing, bearings and all other stationary or
rotating parts required to be assembled over the shaft.
A rotating assembly shall include the following (where
used):
packing or mechanical seal and gland(s);
deflector( s);
oil thrower(s);
oiltring(s);
bearing cover(s).
It shall not include coupling, pulley, or sheave, nor shall
it include bearing housings except when these are of a
design that requires they be assembled prior to mount-
ing of the bearings.
1.1.6.6 Rotation of casing
The normal position of the discharge nozzle of an end
suction horizontal pump shall be top vertical. Optional
positions of the discharge nozzle shall be designated
by degrees of rotation, measured from the vertical
center line in the clockwise direction, facing the drive
end of the pump (see Figure 1.28).
1.1.6.7 Rotation of pumps
Pumps are designated as having clockwise (CW) or
counterclockwise (CCW) rotation when facing the
drive end (see Figures 1.28, 1.29 and 1.30).
To determine the rotation of a horizontal pump,. stand
at the driver end facing the pump (Figure 1.29). If the
top of the shaft revolves from the left to the right, the
rotation is clockwise (CW), and if the top of the shaft
26
revolves from right to left, the rotation is counterclock- .
wise (CCW). t
I
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
IMPELLER ROTATION
I--... CLOCKWISE
~
I " IMPELLER ROTATION
I ---.1\
~ -&,")
" ~
CLOCKWISE IMPELLER ROTATION
Figure 1.28 - Pump shaft rotation
DRIVER
END VIEW
PUMP
SECT. AA
Clockwise pump
DRIVER
SUCT.
Figure 1.29 - Horizontal pump rotation
DISCHARGE
Figure 1.30 - Vertical pump rotation
t
1.1.6.8 Recommended minimum spares
It is not possible to recommend minimum spares to
COver all conditions. However, the following may be
taken as a guide:
Domestic service handling clean, non-corrosive liquids
where interrupted service is not important:
shaft sleeves;
stuffing-box packing or mechanical seal;
gaskets;
coupling connectors (if any).
Domestic service handling abrasive or corrosive liq-
uids or where some interruption in continuity of service
is possible:
shaft sleeves;
bearings;
wearing rings or parts;
stuffing-box packing or mechanical seal;
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
gaskets
coupling connectors (if any).
Export, marine or domestic service where minimum
loss of service is essential:
complete rotating assembly (see Section 1.1.6.5);
gaskets;
coupling connectors (if any).
1.1.7 Centrifugal pumps nomenclature
The nomenclature and definitions published here were
prepared to provide a means for identifying the various
pump components covered by the Hydraulic Institute
Standards and also to serve as a common language,
that will be understandable to the purchaser, the
manufacturer and to those writing specifications for
pumps and pumping equipment.
1.1.7.1 Definitions - part names
Table 1.1 is arranged in four columns as follows: part
names in alphabetical order, item numbers used to
identify part names on sectional drawings, abbrevia-
tions and definitions of pump part names.
Text continues on page 35.
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Adapter 71 Adpt A machined piece used to permit assembly of two
other parts or for a spacer
Assembly, rotor 222 Assy rtr core The rotating assembly of an electrical machine
core containing laminations and conductors, which,
when interacting with stator core assembly pro-
duces torque
Assembly, stator 223 Assy sttr core The fixed assembly of an electrical machine
core containing laminations and windings which create
magnetic fields
Base 53 Base A pedestal to support a pump
Base plate 23 Base pi A member on which the pump and its driver are
mounted
(continued)
27
HI Ce_ntrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump npmenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Bearing, inboard 16 Brg inbd The bearing nearest the coupling of a double
suction pump but farthest from the coupling of an
end suction pump
Bearing, outboard 18 Brg outbd The bearing most distant from the coupling of a
double suction pump but nearest to the coupling
of an end suction pump
Bracket, bearing 125 Bkt brg Detachable bracket that contains a bearing
Bushing, bearing 39 Bush brg The removable portion of a sleeve bearing in
contact with the journal
Bushing, interstage 113 Bush instg diaph A tubular shaped replaceable piece mounted in
diaphragm the interstage diaphragm
Bushing, pressure 117 Bush press red A replaceable piece used to reduce the liquid
reducing pressure at the stuffing box by throttling the flow
Bushing, stuffing-box 63 Bush stfg box A replaceable sleeve or ring placed in the end of
the stuffing box opposite the gland
Bushing, throttle, 171 Bush throt aux A stationary ring or sleeve placed in the gland of a
auxiliary mechanical seal subassembly to restrict leakage
in the event of seal failure
Cap, bearing, 41 Cap brg inbd The removable upper portion of the inboard
inboard bearing housing
Cap, bearing, 43 Cap brg outbd The removable upper portion of the outboard
outboard bearing housing
Casing 1 Csg The portion of the pump that includes the
impell.er chamber and volute or diffuser
Casing, gland half 1C Csg gld half The gland half of a radially split lined casing
Casing, lower half 1A Csg Iwr half The lower or supporting half of the casing of an
axially split pump
Casing, suction half 10 Csg suc half The suction half of a radially split lined casing
Casing, upper half 1B Csg upr half The upper or removable half of the casing of an
axially split pump
--
Collar, release 36 Clr rei Split ring device to ease movement of screwed-on
impellers
(continued)
28
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Collar, shaft 68 Clr sft A ring used on a shaft to establish a shoulder for a
ball bearing
Collar, thrust 72 Clr thr A circular collar mounted on a shaft to absorb the
unbalanced axial thrust in the pump
Coupling half, driver 42 Cplg half drvr The coupling half mounted on driver shaft
Coupling half, pump 44 Cplg half pump The coupling half mounted on pump shaft
Coupling, oil pump 120 Cplg oil pump A means of connecting the driver shaft to the oil
pump shaft
Coupling, shaft 70 Cplg sft A mechanism used to transmit power from the
drive shaft to the pump shaft or to connect two
pieces of shaft
Cover, bearing end 123 Cov brg end A plate closing the tachometer port in the end of
the outboard bearing housing
Cover, bearing, 35 Cov brg inbd An enclosing plate for either end of an inboard
inboard bearing of double suction or multistage pumps, or
for the impeller end of the bearing of end suction
pumps
Cover, bearing, 37 Cov brg outbd An enclosing plate for either end of the outboard
outboard
bearing of double suction or multistage pumps, or
for the coupling end of the bearing of end suction
pumps
Cover, motor end 207 Cov mot end A removable piece which enclosed the end(s) of a
motor stator housing
Cover, oil bearing 45 Cov oil brg cap A lid or plate over an oil filler hole or inspection
cap hole in a bearing cap
Cover, stuffing-box 11 Cov stfg box A removable piece, with stuffing-box integral, used
to enclose the outboard side of the impeller in the
casing of end suction pumps
Cover, suction 9 Cov suct A removable piece, with which the inlet nozzle
may be integral, used to enclose the suction side
of the casing of end suction pumps
Crossover, 111 Xover instg A specifically designed piece that carries the flow
interstage
from one stage to another in a multistage pump
(continued)
29
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature '- 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Deflector 40 Defl A flange or collar around a shaft and rotating with
it to prevent passage of liquid, grease, oil or heat
along the shaft
Diaphragm, 109 Diaph instg A removable stationary partition between stages
interstage of a multistage pump
Diffuser 5 Diff A piece, adjacent to the impeller exit, which has
multiple passages of increasing area for convert-
ing velocity to pressure
Disc or drum, 56 Disc/drum bal The rotary member of a hydraulic balancing
balancing device
Elbow, discharge 105 Ell disch An elbow in an axial flow mixed flow or turbine
pump by which the liquid leaves the pump
Elbow, suction 57 Ell suct A curved water passage, usually 90 degrees,
attached to the pump inlet
Frame 19 Fr A member of an end suction pump to which are
assembled the liquid end and rotating element
Gasket 73 Gskt Resilient material used to seal jOint between parts
to prevent leakage
Gasket, impeller 28 Gskt imp scr Resilient material used to seal jOint between hub
screw
of impeller and the impeller screw
Gasket, shaft sleeve 38 Gskt sft slv Resilient material used to provide a seal between
the shaft sleeve and the impeller
Gauge, sight, oil 143 Ga sight oil A device for the visual determination of the oil
level
Gland 17 Gld A retainer that compresses packing in a
stuffing-box or retains the stationary element of a
mechanical seal
Gland, stuffing-box, 133 Gld stfg box aux A follower provided for compression of packing in
auxiliary
an auxiliary stuffing-box
Guard, coupling 131 Grd cplg A protective shield over a shaft coupling
Handle 227 Hdl A piece which a person can use to hand carry a
pump
Housing, bearing 99 Hsg brg A body in which the bearing is mounted
(contmued)
30
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation
Definition
Housing, bearing, 31 Hsg brg inbd See bearing (inboard) and bearing housing
inboard
Housing, bearing, 33 Hsg brg outbd See bearing (outboard) and bearing housing
outboard
Housing, stator 201 Hsg stir A body in which a stator core assembly is
mounted
Impeller 2 Imp The bladed member of a rotating assembly of the
pump which imparts the principal force to the
liquid pumped
Inducer 246 Ind A single stage axial flow helix installed in the
suction eye of an impeller to lower the NPSHR
Journal, thrust 74 Jnl thr brg A removable cylindrical piece mounted on the
bearing shaft and which turns in the bearing. It may have
an integral thrust collar
Key, bearing journal 76 Key brg jnl A parallel-sided piece used for preventing the
t
bearing journal from rotating relative to the shaft
Key, coupling 46 Key cplg A parallel-sided piece used to prevent the shaft
from turning in a coupling half
Key, impeller (propeller) 32 Key imp A parallel-sided piece used to prevent the impeller
from rotating relative to the shaft
Liner, casing 219 Lnr csg A replaceable metal, rubber, or phenolic insert to
protect the casing from abrasive wear or damage
Liner, suction cover 21A Lnr, suct cov A part within the suction cover
Liner, stuffing-box 218 Lnr, stfg box cov A part within the stuffing-box cover
cover
Liner, suction half 21C Lnr, suct half A part within the casing, suction half
Liner, gland half 210 Lnr, gld half A part within the casing, gland half
Liner, frame 21 Lnr fr A part within the frame carrying one or more of
the bearings
Locknut, bearing 22 Lknut brg A fastener that positions an anti-friction bearing
on the shaft
(continued)
31
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Locknut, coupling 50 Lknut cplg A fastener holding a coupling half in position on a
tapered shaft
Lockwasher 69 Lkwash A device to prevent loosening of a nut
Nut, impeller 24 Nut imp A threaded piece used to fasten the impeller on
the shaft
Nut, shaft adjusting 66 Nut sft adj A threaded piece for altering the axial position of
the rotating assembly
Nut, shaft sleeve 20 Nut sft slv A threaded piece used to locate the shaft sleeve
on the shaft
Packing 13 Pkg A pliable lubricated material used to provide a
seal around the portion of the shaft located in the
stuffing-box
Pedestal, driver 81 Ped drvr A support for the driver of a vertical pump
Pipe, column 101 Pipe col A vertical pipe by which the pumping element is
suspended
Plate, wear 225 Wppl A removable, axial clearance part used to protect
the casing, stuffing-box or suction cover from wear
Plate, side 61 PI side A replaceable piece in the casing or cover of an
open impeller pump to maintain a close clearance
along the impeller face
Pump, oil 121 Pump oil A device for supplying lubrtcating oil under
pressure
Race way 145 Ry A device which directs flow offluid from pump inlet
to impeller and channels fluid to discharge outlet
Retainer, bearing 193 Ret brg A device used to support the line shaft bearing
Retainer, grease 51 Ret grs A contact seal or cover to retain grease
Ring, balancing 115 Ring bal The stationary member of a hydraulic balancing
device
Ring, casing 7 Ring csg A stationary replaceable ring to protect the casing
at the running fit with the impeller ring or the
impeller
(continued) 4
32
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Ring, impeller 8 Ring imp A replaceable ring mounted on one or both sides
of the impeller
Ring, lantern 29 Ring Itrn An annular piece used to establish a liquid seal
around the shaft and to lubricate the stuffing-box
packing
Ring-O 119 RingO A radial-type seal
Ring, oil 60 Ring oil A rotating ring used to carry oil from the reservoir
to the bearing
Ring, stuffing-box cover 27 Ring stfg box cov A stationary ring to protect the stuffing-box cover
at the running fit with the impeller ring or impeller
Ring, suction cover 25 Ring suct cov A stationary ring to protect the suction cover at the
running fit with the impeller ring or impeller
Ring, thrust, split 86 Ring thr split A split ring mounted on a shaft to absorb the
unbalanced axial thrust in the pump
,
Screw, impeller 26 Scrimp A special screw to fasten the impeller to the shaft
Screw, impeller, 149 Scr imp adj A special screw to adjust the axial movement of
adjusting
shaft/impeller to control clearance between the
rotating impeller and the race way
Seal 89 Seal A device to prevent the flow of a liquid or gas into
or out of a cavity
Seal, bearing cover, 47 Seal brg cov inbd A contact seal for the bearing cover (inboard)
inboard
Seal, bearing cover, 49 Seal brg cov A contact seal for the bearing cover (outboard)
outboard outbd
Seal, bearing housing 169 Seal brg hsg A contact seal for a bearing housing
Seal, mechanical, 80 Seal mech rotg A device flexibly mounted on a shaft in or on the
rotating element elem stuffing-bOX and having a smooth, flat seal face
held against the stationary sealing face
Seal, mechanical, 65 Seal mech sta A subassembly consisting of one or more parts
stationary element elem mounted in or on a stuffing-box and having a
smooth flat sealing face
(continued)
33
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No. Abbreviation Definition
Shaft,head 10 Sft hd The upper cylindrical member in a vertical pump
which transmits power from the driver to the drive
shaft
Shaft 6 Sft The cylindrical member on which the impeller is
mounted and through which power is transmitted
to the impeller
Shell, lower half, 139 Shl Iwr half brg A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in
bearing outboard outbd the lower half of the outboard housing
Shell, lower half, 135 Shllwr half A semi-cylindrical piece supporting the bearing
bearing inboard brg inbd bushing located in the lower half of the inboard
bearing housing
Shell, upper half, 141 Shl upr half brg A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in
bearing outboard outbd the upper half of the outboard bearing housing
Shell, upper half, 137 Shl upr half brg A piece supporting the bearing bushing located in
bearing inboard inbd the upper half of the inboard bearing housing
Shield,'0i1 , r ~ i r t g 107 Shld oil retg A device to prevent oil from leaking from the
bearing housing
f
Shim 67 Shim A piece of material that is placed between two
members to adjust their position
Sleeve, impeller hub 34 Siv imp hub A replaceable, cylindrical wearing part mounted
on the extended pump impeller hub
Sleeve, interstage 58 Siv instg A cylindrical piece mounted on the pump shaft
between impellers
Sleeve, shaft 14 Siv sft A cylindrical piece fitted over the shaft to protect
the shaft through the stuffing-box and which may
also serve to locate the impeller on the shaft
Spacer, bearing 78 Spcr brg A cylindrical piece that fits over the shaft to space
or locate rolling element bearings
Spacer, coupling 88 Spcr cplg A cylindrical piece used to provide axial space for
the removal of the rotating assembly without
removing the driver
Strainer 209 Str A device used to prevent large objects from
entering the pump
(continued) 4
34
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.1 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature - alphabetical listing (continued)
Part name Item No.
Abbreviation
Stuffing-box 83
Stfg box
Stuffing-box, 75 Stfg box aux
auxiliary
Thrower (oil or 62 Thwr (oil or grs)
grease)
Table 1.2 is arranged by item number and part name.
All parts having even item numbers constitute a part of
the rotating element. '
The cross-sectional drawings (see Figures 1.6 through
1.27) illustrate the largest possible number of parts in
their proper relationship and a few typical construction
modifications but do not represent recommended
D design.
Numbers shown are for convenient cross-reference
between tabulated names of parts and cross-sectional
drawing. These numbers do not necessarily represent
standard part numbers in use by any manufacturer.
Definition
A portion of the casing through which packing and
a gland or a mechanical seal is placed to prevent
leakage
A recessed portion of the gland and cover of a
mechanical seal subassembly designed to
accommodate one or more rings of packing
A disc rotating with the pump shaft to carry the
lubricant from the reservoir to the bearing
Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature -
numerical listing
Item no. Part name
1 Casing
1A Casing, lower half
18 Casing, upper half
1C Casing, gland half
10 Casing, suction half
2 Impeller (propeller)
5 Diffuser
6 Shaft
7 Ring, casing
8 Ring, impeller
9 Cover, suction
10 Shaft, head
11 Cover, stuffing-box or
seal chamber
13 Packing
(continued)
35
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature -
numerical listing (continued)
Item no. Part name
14 Sleeve, shaft
16 Bearing, inboard
17 Gland
18 Bearing, outboard
19 Frame
20 Nut, shaft sleeve
21 Liner, frame
21A Liner, suction cover
21B Liner, stuffing-box cover
21C Liner, suction half
21D Liner, gland half
22 Locknut, bearing
23 Base plate
24 Nut, impeller
25 Ring, suction cover
26 Screw, impeller
27 Ring, stuffing-box cover
28
Gasket, impeller screw
29
Ring, lantern
31
Housing, bearing, inboard
32 Key, impeller
33
Housing, bearing, outboard
34 Sleeve, impeller hub
36
Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature -
numerical listing (continued)
Item no. Part name
35 Cover, bearing, inboard
36 Collar, release
37 Cover, bearing, outboard
38 Gasket, shaft sleeve
39 Bushing, bearing
40 Deflector
41 Cap, bearing, inboard
42 Coupling half, driver
43 Cap, bearing outboard
44 Coupling half, pump
45 Cover, oil bearing cap
46 Key, coupling
47 Seal, bearing cover, inboard
49 Seal, bearing cover, outboard
50 Locknut, coupling
51 Retainer, grease
53 Base
56 Balancing drum and/or disc
57 Elbow, suction
58 Sleeve, interstage
60 Ring, oil
61 Plate, side
62 Thrower (oil or grease)
(contmued)
'I
Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump -
numerical listing (continued)
Item no. Part name
63 Bushing, stuffing-box
65 Seal, mechanical, stationary
element
66 Nut, shaft adjusting
67 Shim
68 Collar, shaft
69 Lockwasher
70 Coupling, shaft
71 Adapter
72 Collar, thrust
73 Gasket
74 Journal, thrust bearing
75 Stuffing box, auxiliary
76 Key, bearing journal
78 Spacer, bearing
80 Seal, mechanical, rotating
element
81 Pedestal, driver
83 Stuffing box
86 Ring, thrust split
88 Spacer, coupling
89 Seal
99 Housing, bearing
101 Pipe, column
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.2 - Centrifugal pump nomenclature -
numerical listing (continued)
Item no. Part name
105 Elbow, discharge
107 Shield, oil retaining
109 Diaphragm, interstage
111 Crossover, interstage
113 Bushing, interstage diaphragm
115 Ring, balancing
117 Bushing, pressure reducing
119 Ring-O
120 Coupling, oil pump
121 Pump, oil
123 Cover, bearing end
125 Bracket, bearing
131 Guard, coupling
133 Gland, stuffing-box auxiliary
135 Shell, lower half, bearing inboard
137 Shell, upper half, bearing inboard
139 Shell, lower half, bearing
outboard
141 Shell, upper half, bearing
outboard
143 Gauge, sight, oil
145 Raceway
149 Screw, impeller, adjusting
169 Seal bearing housing
(continued)
37
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
Table 1.2-- Centrifugal pump nomenclature -
numerical listing (continued)
Item no. Part name
171 Bushing, throttle, auxiliary
193 Retainer, bearing
201 Housing, stator
207 Cover, motor end
209 Strainer
219 Liner, casing
222 Assembly, rotor core
223 Assembly, stator core
225 Plate, wear
227 Handle
246 Inducer
38
t
1.1.7.2 Letter (dimensional) designations
.""'-
., The letter designations used on the following drawings
were prepared to provide a common means for identi-
fying various pump dimensions and also to serve as a
common language which will be mutually understand-
able to the purchaser, manufacturer and to anyone writ-
ing specifications for pumps and pumping equipment.
CP
l ~ , ---1--"--
NOTE: Casing foot is very common. See Figure 1.15
A Width of base support
B Length of base support
CP Length of pump
0 Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
DO Distance - pump centerline to bottom drain
plug
E Distance from centerline pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
F Distance from centerline to centerline of
hold-down bolts
G Thickness of pads on support, or height of base
plate, depending on location of bolt holes
H Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
J Width of pads for hold-down bolts
K Length of support pads for hold-down bolts
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
DlSCH.ARGE
t ~ J - L J
SUCTION E E 0 ES
CENTERLINE A ----.:-l H IA. HOL
L Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
N Distance - end of bearing housing to end of
shaft
0 Vertical distance - bottom of support to
discharge nozzle face
P Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
centerline of bolt holes
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
of suction nozzle
U Diameter of straight shaft - coupling end
V Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
pump
y
Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
nozzle to suction nozzle face
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.31 - Overhung impeller - separately
coupled - single stage - frame mounted
39
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1--------- HC
I
HM
CENTERLINE
SUCTION
Z-+--I
HHDIA.
HOLES
~ ~ ~ ~
1 ...
1
.-------- :: - - - - - - - - ~ _ _ _ t - Hl
C Length of driver
CP Length of pump
HA Width of base support
HB Length of base support
HC Overall length of combined pump and driver
when on base
HD Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
HE Distance from centerline pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
HF Distance from centerline to centerline of hold-
down bolt holes
HG Thickness of pads on support, or heights of
base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
HH Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
HL Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
HM Height of unit - bottom of base to top of driver
HO Vertical distance - bottom of support to dis-
charge nozzle face
HP Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
centerline of bolt holes
HT Horizontal distance - between pump and driv-
ing.shaft
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
of suction nozzle
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
pump
Y Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
nozzle to suction nozzle face
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.32 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled
- single stage - frame mounted - pump on base plate
40
)
KEYWAY
CP -.---_
LENGTH OF
SHAFT AVAILABLE
FOR COUPLING
OR PULLEY
A Width of base support
B Length of base support
CP Length of pump
0 Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
DO Distance - pump centerline to bottom drain
plug
E Distance from centerline pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
F Distance from centerline to centerline of hold-
down bolts
G Thickness of pads on support, or height of base
plate, depending on location of bolt holes
H Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
J Width of pads for hold-down bolts
L Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
N
0
P
S
U
V
X
y
Z
SUCTION
CENTERLINE
DISCHARGE
Distance - end of bearing housing to end of
shaft
Vertical distance - bottom of support to dis-
charge nozzle face or to top of case on horizon-
tally split pumps
Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
centerline of bolt holes
Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
of suction nozzle
Diameter of straight shaft - coupling end
Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley
Distance from discharge face to centerline of
pump
Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
nozzle to suction nozzle face
Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.33 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled
single stage - centerline mounted
41
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
C
CP
HA
HB
HC
HD
HE
HF
HG
HH
HJ
HK
42
SUCTION
HC
\" DISCHARGE
SUCTION
Length of driver HL Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
Length of pump
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
Width of base support
HM Height of unit - bottom of base to top of driver
Length of base support
HO Vertical distance - bottom of support to
Overall length of combined pump and driver
discharge nozzle face
when on base
HP Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of bolt holes
centerline of pump
HT Horizontal distance - between pump and
Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
driving shaft
of hold-down bolts
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
Distance from centerline to centerline of hold-
of suction nozzle
down bolt holes
X Distance from discharge face to of
Thickness of pads on support, or heights of
pump
base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
y
Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
nozzle to suction nozzle face
Width of pads for hold-down bolt holes
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
Length of support pad for hold-down bolts
pump
Figure 1.34 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single
stage - centerline mounted - pump on base plate
4
)
A
B
D
KEYWAY
LENGTH OF
SHAFT AVAILABLE
FOR COUPLING
OR PULLEY
Width of base support
Length of base support
W ~ M
Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
f
N
0
DISCHARGE
SUCTION
o
'---- A
THICKNESS
HDIA.
HOLES
Distance - end of bearing housing to end of
shaft
Vertical distance - bottom of support to
discharge nozzle face
DD Distance - pump centerline to bottom drain
P Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
E
F
G
H
J
M
plug
centerline of bolt holes
Distance from centerline pump to centerline
R Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
hold-down bolts
flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole
Distance between centerlines of hold-down
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
bolts
of suction nozzle
Thickness of pads on support, or height of base
U Diameter of straight shaft - coupling end
plate, depending on location of bolt holes V Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes W Distance from centerline of discharge flange to
Width of pads for hold-down bolts
end of pump shaft
Horizontal distance from centerline of
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
discharge flange to centerline of suction flange
pump
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.35 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single
stage - centerline mounted (top suction)
43
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
HW
DISCHARGE
HM
HO
HR
HHDIA. HOLES
~ - - - - ~ ~ - - - - - - - - - HB
HA Width of base support
HP Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
HB . Length of base support
centerline of bolt holes
HD Vertical height - bottom of base support to
HR Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
centerline of pump flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole
HE
Distance from centerline pump to centerline
HT Horizontal distance - between pump and
hold-down bolts
driving shaft
HF
Distance from centerline to centerline of hold-
HW Distance from centerline of discharge flange to
down bolt holes
end of motor
HG
Thickness of pads on support, or heights of
M Horizontal distance from centerline of
base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
discharge flange to centerline of suction flange
HH
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
HJ
Width of pads for hold-down bolt holes
of suction nozzle
HK
Length of support pad for hold-down bolts
W Distance from centerline of discharge flange to
HM
Height of unit - bottom of base to top of driver
end of pump shaft
HO
Vertical distance - bottom of support to dis-
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
charge nozzle face or top of case on horizon-
pump
tally split pumps
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.36 - Overhung impeller - separately coupled single
stage - centerline mounted pump on base plate (top suction)
44
t
j
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
1--------- HB ---------l
HF, --_'1---- HF, -----+--1- HP, HL
HA, +--II----H-- HA,
C
CP
HA
HB
HC
HD
HE
HF
HG
HH
HL
HM
He
Length of driver HO Vertical distance - bottom of support to top of
Length of pump
case
Width of base support
HP Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
Length of base support
centerline of bolt holes
Overall length of combined pump and driver
HR Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
when on base
flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole
Vertical height - bottom of base support to
HT Horizontal distance - between pump and
centerline of pump
driving shaft
Distance from centerline pump to centerline
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
of suction nozzle
Distance from centerline to centerline of hold-
W Distance from centerline of discharge flange to
down bolt holes
end of pump shaft
Thickness' of pads on support, or heights of
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
base plate, depending on location of bolt holes
pump
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
yy
Horizontal distance - centerline case to
Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
suction nozzle face on horizontally split pumps
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of
Height of unit - bottom of base to top of driver
pump
Figure 1.37 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupled-
single stage axial (horizontal) split case pump on base plate
45
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
BI
RI
P,
PI
x --+---
yy
o
DISCHARGE
HDIA. HOLES ~
A Width of base support
B Length of base support
CP Length of pump
D Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
E Distance from centerline pump to centerline
hold-down bolts
G Thickness of pads on support, or height of base
plate, depending on location of bolt holes
H Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
J Width of pads for hold-down bolts
K Length of support pads for hold-down bolts
L Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to
centerline nearest hold-down bolt holes
M Horizontal distance from centerline of dis-
charge flange to centerline of suction flange
N Distance - end of bearing housing to end of
shaft
o Vertical distance - bottom of support to top of
case
P Length from edge of support, or base plate, to
centerline of bolt holes
R Horizontal distance - centerline discharge
flange to centerline hold-down bolt hole
S Distance from centerline of pump to centerline
of suction nozzle
U Diameter of straight shaft - coupling end
V Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley
W Distance from centerline of discharge flange to
end of pump shaft
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of
pump
YY Horizontal distance - centerline case to suc-
tion nozzle face
Z Centerline discharge noZzle to centerline of
pump
Figure 1.38 -Impeller between bearings - separately coupled -
single stage axial (horizontal) split case
46
NOTE:
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature -- 2000

I
Mp----i
Y -f7r!
"t'--+-if---,-.......J l /
-' /
,! X

Circled letters are NEMA designations
Figure 1.39 - Overhung impeller - close
coupled - single stage - end suction
x
Figure 1.40 - Overhung impeller-
separately coupled - single stage -
frame mounted (vertically mounted)
,.
I i
DO I
i 0,

A
B
CP
D
DD
E
G
H
J
K
L
LP
MP
N
Width of base support
Length of base support
Length of pump
DISCHARGE
Vertical height - bottom of base support to
centerline of pump
Distance - pump centerline to bottom drain plug
Distance from centerline pump to centerline hold-
down bolts
Thickness of pads on support, or height of base plate,
depending on location of bolt holes
Diameter of hold-down bolt holes
Width of pads for hold-down bolts
Length of support pads for hold-down bolts
Horizontal distance from suction nozzle face to center-
line nearest hold-down bolt holes
Length of adapter piece
Distance from face of suction flange to mounting
flange of adapter
Distance - end of bearing housing to end of shaft
OP Vertical distance - bottom of support to discharge
nozzle face or to top of case on horizontally split
pumps
P Length from edge of support, or base plate, to center-
line of bolt holes
u
V
VD
VF
VS
VY
Diameter of straight shaft - coupling end
Length of shaft available for coupling or pulley
Vertical height - bottom of base support to centerline
of discharge nozzle of vertical pumps
Distance from centerline of vertical pump to centerline
of hold-down bolt holes
Vertical distance - centerline of discharge nozzle to
centerline of suction nozzle on vertical pumps
Horizontal distance - centerline of pump to face of
suction elbow of vertical pumps
X Distance from discharge face to centerline of pump
XR Distance from centerline of motor hold-down bolt to
centerline of conduit box
Y Horizontal distance - centerline discharge nozzle to
suction nozzle face
Z Centerline discharge nozzle to centerline of pump
47
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
SA
SB
SC
SD
1
SE
1
SF
SG
SH
SL
SM
z
o
i=
u
:::>
0::
I-
if)
CD
o
ST (Size) TAP-SN (Number of)
HOLES ON SC-DIA. BOLT CIRCLE.
J,
r
SX
r SE
I-
if)
0::
u::
~ - - - - ! ~
...... -------- SO
Depth of pilot register on face of stuffing-box
Inside diameter of stuffing-box
Diameter of bolt circle for gland studs or bolts
Diameter of shaft under shaft sleeve
Distance from face of stuffing-box to end of
shaft sleeve
Distance from face of stuffing-box to centerline
of tapped hole for lubrication or coolant fitting
outside of stuffing box
Distance from face of stuffing-box to centerline
of tapped hole for lubrication or coolant fitting
inside of stuffing-box
Thickness of lantern ring
Effective length of stuffing-box
Thickness of stuffing-box bushing
NOTE: 1. Applicable only when sleeve is used
'---- SF - - ~
sw Sq-SR
(Number of) RINGS
"__---- SG - - - - t ~
SN Number of tapped holes for gland studs or bolts
SO Distance from face of stuffing-box to first
obstruction
SP Outside diameter of pilot register on face of
stuffing-box
SR Number of packing rings
SS Outside diameter of shaft sleeve or diameter of
shaft if no sleeve is used
ST Size tap and type thread for gland studs or
bolts
SU Outside diameter of insertable portion of gland
SW Size of packing
SX Inside diameter of gland
SY Length of insertable portion of gland
SZ Overall length of gland
Figure 1.41 - Stuffing-box area
48
1.1.7.3 Standard dimension for HI- NEMA Type C
j face-mounted motors
The following dimensions were developed jointly by
NEMA and the Hydraulic Institute and are the same as
those given in NEMA Standard MG1. See Figure 1.42
and Tables 1.3 and 1.4.
Open drip-proof frame selections
3600 1800 1200
H.P. R.P.M. R.P.M. R.P.M.
1 - 143JM 145JM
1 1/2 143JM 145JM 182JM
2 145JM 145JM 184JM
3 145JM 182JM 213JM
5 182JM 184JM 215JM
71/2 184JM 213JM 254JM
10 213JM 215JM 256JM
15 215JM 254JM 284JM
20 254JM 256JM 286JM
25 256JM 284JM 324JM
30 284JM 286JM 326JM
40 286JM 324JM -
50 325JM 326JM -
60 326JM - -
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
49
HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
EMorU
O.043RJO.054R (Max Tol.)
DUC Dia. EM or U 0.050
Dia.
Controlled Undercut Design (Detail A) Controlled Corner Radius Design (Detail 8)
143-184 JP and JM
143-184JP and JM



213-365 JP
213-326JM
.03 x 45Chamfer
Detail A or B Optional
Corner Detail
"----Motor Manufacturer's Choice
FRAMES 213-365 JP FRAMES 14318-4
2t3-326JM SF HOLE,
/LASS2 R.H.
JPANOJM BF HOLE.
CLASS 2 R.H.
AK
1
4 AJ
r L
Dimensions shown on Tables 1.3 and 1.4
NOTES:
1. AH, EQ and ET dimensions measured with the shaft
pulled by hand away from the motor to the limit of end play.
2. AJ dimension - centerline of bolt holes is within 0.015
inch of true location for frames 143 to 256 JM and JP, inclu-
sive, and within 0.025 inch of true location for frames 284 to
365 JM and JP, inclusive. True location is defined as angu-
lar and diametrical location with reference to the centerline
of the AK dimension.
3. Shaft end play should not exceed the bearing internal
axial movement. Bearing mounting fits should be as rec-
ommended for pump application by the bearing manufac-
turer. (This note applies to open and totally enclosed
motors. For explosion-proof motors, the individual motor
manufacturer should be contacted.)
Figure 1.42 -- Dimensions for types JM and JP alternating current face-mounting
close-coupled pump motors having rolling contact bearings
50

-.... .....
Table 1.3 - Dimensions for Type JM alternating-current face-mounting close-coupled pump motors (US units)
BF
Frame Bolt Penetration
Designations U AH AJ AK BB BD Max Number Tap Size Allowance
143JM and 145JM 0.8745 4.281 5.875 _ 4.500 0.156 6.62 4 /8-16 0.56
0.8740 4.219 4.497 0.125
182JM and 184JM 0.8745 4.281 5.875 4.500 0.156 6.62 4 3/
8
-16 0.56
0.8740 4.219 4.497 0.125
213JM and 215JM 0.8745 4.281 7.250 8.500 0.312 9.00 4 3/
8
-16 0.75
0.8740 4.219 8.497 0.250
254JM and 256JM 1.2495 5.281 7.250 8.500 0.312 10.0 4
1/
2
-13 0.75
1.2490 5.219 8.497 0.250
284JM and 286JM 1.2495 5.281 11.000 12.500 0.312 14.00 4 1/
2
-13 0.94
1.2490 5.219 12.495 0.250
324JM and 326JM 1.2495 5.281 11.000 12.500 0.312 14.00 4 -'/2"13 0.94
1.2490 5.219 12.495 0.250
EN Keyseat
Frame Tap
Penetration Allowance
EP ER ES
Designations EL EM Size Tap Drill Bolt Min EQ Min R Min S ET
143JM and 145JM 1.156 1.0000 .j/8-16 1.12 0.75 1.156 0.640 4.250 0.771-0.756 1.65 0.190 2.890
1.154 0.9995 0.610 0.188 2.860
182JM and 184JM 1.250 1.0000 3/
8
-16 1.12 0.75 1.250 0.640 4.250 0.771-0.756 1.65 0.190 2.890
1.248 0.9995 0.610 0.188 2.860
213JM and 215JM 1.250 1.000 3/
8
-16 1.12 0.75 1.750 0.640 4.250 1.112-1.097 1.65 0.190 2.890
1.248 0.9995 0.610 _ 0.188 2.860
254JM and 256JM 1.750 1.3750 1/2"13 1.50 1.00 1.750 0.640 5.250 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 3.015
1.748 1.3745 0.610 0.250 2.885 J
284JM and 286JM 1.750 1.3750 1/2"13 1.50 1.00 2.125 0.640 5.250 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 3.015
1.748 1.3745 0.610 0.250 2.885
324JM and 326JM 1.750 1.3750 1/
2
-13 1.50 1.00 _ 2.125 0.640 5.250 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 3.015
1.748 1.3745 0.610 0.250 2.885
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Table 1.4 - Dimensions for Type JP alternating-current face-mounting close-coupled pump motors (US units)
BF
Frame Bolt Penetration
Designations U AH AJ AK BB BD Max Number Tap Size Allowance
143JP and 145JP 0.8745 7.343 5.875 4.500 0.156 6.62 4 J/
a
-16 0.56
0.8740 7.281 4.497 0.125
182JP and 184JP 0.8745 7.343 5.875 4.500 0.156 6.62 4 J/
a
-16 0.56
0.8740 7.281 4.497 0.125
213JP and 215JP 1.2495 8.156 7.250 8.500 0.312 9.00 4
1/
2
-
16 0.75
1.2490 8.094 8.497 0.250
254JP and 256JP 1.2495 8.156 7.250 8.500 0.312 10.0 4
1/
2
-
13 0.75
1.2490 8.094 8.497 0.250
284JP and 286JP 1.2495 8.156 11.000 12.500 0.312 14.00 4 0/a- 11 0.94
1.2490 8.094 12.495 0.250
324JP and 326JP 1.2495 8.156 11.000 12.500 0.312 14.00 4 %-11 0.94
1.2490 8.094 12.495
0.250 .
364JP and 365JP 1.6245 8.156 11.000 12.500 0.312 14.00 4 %-11 0.94
1.6240 8.094 12.495 0.250
EN Keyseat
Frame Tap
Penetration Allowance
EP ER ES
Designations EL EM Size Tap Drill Bolt Min EQ Min R Min S ET
143JP and 145JP 1.156 1.0000 J/
a
-16 1.12 0.75 1.156 1.578 7.312 0.771-0.756 1.65 0.190 5.952
1.154 0.9995 1.548 0.188 5.922
182JP and 184JP 1.250 1.0000 J/
a
-16 1.12 0.75 1.250 1.578 7.312 0.771-0.756 1.65 0.190 5.952
1.248 0.9995 1.548 0.188 5.922
213JP and 215JP 1.750 1.3750
1/
2
-
13 1.50 1.00 1.750 2.390 8.125 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 5.890
1.748 1.3745 2.360 0.250 5.860
254JP and 256JP 1.750 1.3750 1/
2
- 13 1.50 1.00 1.750 2.390 8.125 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 5.890
1.748 1.3745 2.360 0.250 5.860
284JP and 286JP 1.750 1.3750
1/
2
-
13 1.50 1.00 2.125 2.390 8.125 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 5.895
1.748 1.3745 2.360 0.250 5.855
324JP and 326JP 1.750 1.3750
1/
2
-
13 1.50 1.00 2.125 2.395 8.125 1.112-1.097 2.53 0.252 5.895
1.748 1.3745 2.355 0.250 5.855
364JP and 365JP 2.125 1.7500 1/
2
-
13 1.50 1.00 2.500 2.395 8.125 1 .416-1 .401 2.53 0.377 5.895
..
2.123 1.7495
~
,..
2.355 0.375
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HI Centrifugal Pump Types and Nomenclature - 2000
~ - - - - - - - - - B D - ~ ~
4-BF HOLES
90 APART
NOTE: Dimensions shown on Table 1.5
Figure 1.43 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA type HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motors
H.P.
;j/4
1
1 1/2
2
3
5
7
1
/
2
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200
250
Open drip-proof frame selections
3600 R.P.M. 1800 R.P.M. 1200 R.P.M.
- - 143 HP
- 143 HP 145 HP
143 HP 145 HP 182 HP
145 HP 145 HP 184 HP
145 HP 183 HP 213 HP
182 HP 184 HP 215 HP
184 HP 213 HP 254 HP
213 HP 215 HP 256 HP
215 HP 254 HP 284 HP
254 HP 256 HP 286 HP
256 HP 284 HP 324 HP
284HP 286 HP 326 HP
286 HP 324 HP 364 HP
324 HP 326 HP 365 HP
326 HP 364HP 404 HP
364 HP 365HP 405 HP
365 HP 404HP 444HP
404 HP 405 HP 445 HP
405 HP 444HP -
444 HP 445 HP -
445 HP - -
NOTES:
1 Dimensions measured with motor in vertical
position shaft down.
2 AJ centerline of bolt holes within 0.025 inch for
all frames of true locations. True location is defined
as angular and diametrical location with reference to
centerline of AK.
Shaft end play shall not exceed the bearing internal
axial movement. The bearing mounting fits shall be
as recommended by the bearing manufacturer for
pump application.
The above applies to open and totally enclosed
motors: for explosion-proof motors, contact individ-
ual manufacturer.
53
(Jl
"""
Table 1.5 - Standard dimensions for HI - NEMA Type HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motors (US units)
BF
Clearance
Hole Keyseat
Frame SS SO V EP ES
Designations AJ AK Min Max No. Size U Min AH Min EU R Min S
143HP and 145HP 9.125 8.253 0.19 10.00 4 0.44 0.8750 2.75 2.781 1.156 0.688 0.771-0.756 1.28 0.190-0.188
8.250 0.8745 2.719 0.683
182HP and 184HP 9.125 8.253 0.19 10.00 4 0.44 1.1250 2.75 2.781 1.156 0.875 0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250
8.250 1.1245 2.719 0.870
213HP and 215 HP 9.125 8.253 0.19 10.00 4 0.44 1.1250 2.75 2.781 1.375 0.875 0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250
8.250 1.1245 2.719 0.870
254HP and 256HP 9.125 8.253 0.19 10.00 4 0.44 1.1250 2.75 2.781 1.750 0.875 0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250
8.250 1.1245 2.719 0.870
284HP and 286Hp
a
9.125 8.253 0.19 10.00 4 0.44 1.1250 2.75 2.781 1.750 0.875 0.986-0.971 1.28 0.252-0.250
8.250 1.1245 2.719 0.870
324HP and 326HP 14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 1.6250 4.50 4.531 2.125 1.250 1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
13.500 1.6245 4.469 1.245
364HP and 365HP 14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 1.6250 4.50 4.531 2.250 1.250 1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
13.500 1.6245 4.469 1.245
404HP and 405Hp
a
14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 1.6250 4.50 4.562 2.250 1.250 1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
13.500 1.6245 4.438 1.245
444HP and 445HP 14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 2.1250 4.50 4.562 2.250 1.750 1.845-1.830 3.03 0.502-0.500'
13.500 2.1240 4.438 1.745
I
a These frames have the following alternate dimensions:
284HPH and 286HPH 14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 1.6250 4.50 4.531 1.750 1.250 1.416-1.401 3.03 0.377-0.375
13.500 1.6245 4.469 1.245
404HPH and 405HPH 14.750 13.505 0.25 16.50 4 0.69 2.1250 4.50 4.562 2.250 1.750 1.845-1.830 3.03 0.502-0.500
13.500 2.1240 4.438 1.745
- -- --- -
NOTES:
1 This standard was developed jointly by the Hydraulic Institute and NEMA.
2 All dimensions in inches. The above are integral-horsepower A-C squirrel-cage induction motors for process, in-line and other applications.
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1.2 Definitions
_ The purpose of this section is to define terms used in
pump applications. Symbols, terms and units are
shown in Table 1.6 and subscripts in Table 1.7.
1.2.1 Rate of flow (capacity)
The rate of flow of a pump is the total volume through-
put per unit of time at suction conditions. It assumes
no entrained gases at the stated operating conditions.
The term "capacity" is also used.
1.2.2 Speed
The number of revolutions of the shaft in a given unit of
time. Speed is expressed as revolutions per minute.
1.2.3 Head
Head is the expression of the energy content of the liq-
uid referred to any arbitrary datum. It is expressed in
units of energy per unit weight of liquid. The measuring
unit for head is meters (feet) of liquid.
1.2.3.1 Gauge head (h
g
)
1 The energy of the liquid due to its pressure as deter-
mined by a pressure gauge or other pressure measur-
ing device.
L--
PI!M' CENlERllNE
ANDDATIJMELEVAllON
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
1.2.3.2 Velocity head (hv)
The kinetic energy of the liquid at a given cross section.
Velocity head is expressed by the following equation:
v
2
h =-
v 2g
Where v is obtained by dividing the flow by the cross
section area at the point of gauge connection:
(Metric) v = 278 x Q
A
(US units) v = 0 . 3 2 ~ 5 x Q
1.2.3.3 Elevation head (Z)
The potential energy of the liquid due to its elevation
relative to a datum level measured to the center of the
pressure gauge or liquid surface.
1.2.3.4 Datum
The pump's datum is a horizontal plane that serves as
the reference for head measurements taken during
test. Vertical pumps are usually tested in an open pit
with the suction flooded. The datum is then the eye of
the first stage impeller (see Figure 1.44).
Optional tests can be performed with the pump
mounted in a ,suction can. IrrespeCtive of pump mount-
ing, the pump's datum is maintained at the eye of the
first stage impeller.
PI!M' CENIERLINE
. Horizontal unit - Single or double
suction (double suction not
shown)
Vertical single
suction pump
Vertical double
suction pump
Figure 1.44 - Datum elevations for various pump designs
55
U1
0>
Table 1.6 - Symbols
Symbol Term Metric unit Abbreviation
A Area square millimeter mm
~ (beta) Meter or orifice ratio dimensionless
D Diameter millimeter mm
Ll (delta) Difference dimensionless
11 (eta) Efficiency percent %
g Gravitational acceleration meter/second squared m/s2
'Y (gamma) Specific weight
h Head meter m
H Total head meter m
K Radial thrust factor dimensionless
I Static lift meter m
n Speed revolutions/minute rpm
NPSHA Net positive suction head available meter m
NPSHR Net positive suction head required meter m
NS Specific speed
NS = nQ1/2/H3/4
notused
b
v (nu) Kinematic viscosity millimeter squared/sec mm
2
/s
1t pi = 3.1416 dimensionless
p Pressure kilopascal kPa
P Power kilowatt kW
q Rate of flow (Capacity) cubic meter/hour m
3
/h
Q Rate of flow (Capacity) cubic meter/hour m
3
/h
RM Linear model ratio dimensionless
RT Radial thrust Newton N
P (rho) Density kilogram/cubic meter kg/m
3
S Suction specific speed notused
b
= nQ1/2/NPSHR
3
/
4
s Specific gravity dimensionless
t Temperature degrees Celsius C
1: (tau) Torque Newton-meter Nm
U Residual unbalance gram-centimeter g-cm
v Velocity meter/second m/s
cj> (phi) Velocity in vibration millimeters/second mm/s
x Exponent none none
Z Elevation gauge distance above meter m
or below datum
8 Conversion factor x English units = metric units.
b Di . :ions are not used. Values will depend on units used in formula.
....
US Customary Unit
square inches
dimensionless
inches
dimensionless
percent
feet/second squared
pounds/cubic foot
feet
feet
dimensionless
feet
revolutions/minute
feet
feet
not used
b
feet squared/second
dimensionless
pounds/square inch
horsepower
cubic feet/second
US gallons/minute
dimensionless
pounds (force)
pound mass/cubic foot
not used
b
dimensionless
degrees Fahrenheit
pound-feet
ounce-inches
feet/second
inches/second
none
feet
Abbreviation
in
in
%
ft/sec
2
Ib/ft3
ft
ft
ft
rpm
ft
ft
ft2/sec
psi
hp
ft3/sec
gpm
Ibf
Ibm/ft3
OF
Ib-ft
oz-in
ft/sec
in/sec
none
ft
Conversion
factor
8
645.2 .
1
25.4
1
1
0.3048
0.3048
0.3048
1
0.3048
1
0.3048
0.3048
1.162
92,900
1
6.895
0.7457
101.94
0.2271
1
4.448
16.02
1.162
1
(OF-32) x 5tg
1.356
720
0.3048
25.4
1
0.3048
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HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
Table 1.7 - Subscripts
Subscript Term Subscript Term Subscript Term
1 Test condition or g Gauge s Suction
model
2 Specific condition max Maximum t Theoretical
or prototype
a Absolute min Minimum v Velocity
atm Atmospheric mot Motor vp Vapor pressure
b Barometric ot Operating temperature w Water
d Discharge OA
dvr Driver input p
1.2.3.5 Total suction head (h
s
), open suction
For open suction (wet pit) installations, the first stage
impeller of the bowl assembly is submerged in a pit.
The total suction head (h
s
) at datum is the submer-
gence (Zw). If the average velocity head of the flow in
the pit is small enough to be neglected, then:
Where:
Zw = Vertical distance in meters (feet) from free
water surface to datum
1.2.3.6 Total suction head (h
s
), closed suction
test
For closed suction installations, the pump suction noz-
zle may be located either above or below grade level.
The total suction head (h
s
), referred to the eye of the
first stage impeller is the algebraic sum of the suction
gauge head (h
gs
) plus the velocity head (h
vs
) at point
of gauge attachment plus the elevation head (Zs) from
the suction gauge centerline (or manometer zero) to
the pump datum:
The suction head (h
s
) is positive when the suction
gauge reading is above atmospheric pressure and
negative when the reading is below atmospheric pres-
sure by an amount exceeding the sum of the elevation
head and the velocity head.
Overall unit
Pump
1.2.3.7 Total discharge head (h
d
)
The total discharge head (hd) is the sum of the dis-
charge gauge head (h
gd
) plus the velocity head (hvd)
at point of gauge attachment plus the elevation head
(Zd) from the discharge gauge centerline to the pump
datum:
1.2.3.8 Total head (H)
This is the measure of energy increase per unit weight
of the liquid, imparted to the liquid by the pump, and is
the difference between the total discharge head and
the total suction head.
This is the head normally specified for pumping appli-
cations since the complete characteristics of a system
determine the total head required.
1.2.3.9 Atmospheric head (h
atm
)
Local atmospheric pressure expressed in meters (feet)
of liquid.
1.2.3.10 Friction head (hr)
Friction head is the hydraulic energy required to over-
come frictional resistance of a piping system to liquid
flow expressed in meters (feet) of liquid.
57
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
1.2.4 Condition points
1.2.4.1 Rated condition point
Rated condition applies to the rate of flow, head, net
positive suction head and speed of the pump, as spec-
ified by the order.
1.2.4.2 Specified condition point
Specified condition point is synonymous with rated
condition point.
1.2.4.3 Normal condition point
Applies to the point on the performance curve at which
the pump will normally operate. It may be the same as
the rated condition point.
1.2.4.4 Best efficiency point (BEP)
The rate of flow and head at which the pump efficiency
is a maximum.
1.2.4.5 Shut off (SO)
The condition of zero flow where no liquid is flowing
through the pump, but the pump is primed and running.
1.2.4.6 Allowable operating range
This is the flow range at the specified speeds with the
impeller supplied as limited by cavitation, heating,
vibration, noise, shaft deflection, fatigue and other
similar criteria. This range is to be defined by the
manufacturer. See ANSI/HI 9.6.3-1997, Centrifugal
and Vertical Pumps for Allowable Operation Region.
1.2.5 Suction conditions
1.2.5.1 Submerged suction
A submerged suction exists when the centerline of the
pump inlet is below the level of the liquid in the supply
tank.
1.2.5.2 Static suction lift (Is)
Static suction lift is a hydraulic pressure below atmo-
spheric at the intake port of the pump.
58
1.2.5.3 Net positive suction head available
(NPSHA) t
Net positive suction head available is the total suction
head of liquid absolute, determined at the first stage
impeller datum, less the absolute vapor pressure of
the liquid at a specific rate of flow:
NPSHA = hsa - hvp
Where:
hsa = Total suction head absolute = hatm + hs
or NPSHA = hatm + hs - hvp
NOTE: hatm will vary with elevation and weather.
1.2.5.4 Net positive suction head required
(NPSHR)
The amount of suction head, over vapor pressure,
required to prevent more than 3% loss in total head
from the first stage of the pump at a specific rate of flow.
1.2.5.5 Maximum suction pressure
This is the highest suction pressure to which the pump.
will be subjected during operation.
1.2.6 Power
1.2.6.1 Electric motor input power (P
mot
)
The electrical input power to the motor.
1.2.6.2 Pump input power (Pp)
The power delivered to the pump shaft at the driver to
pump coupling. It is also called brake horsepower.
1.2.6.3 Pump output power (P
w
)
The power imparted to the liquid by the pump. It is also
called water horsepower.
. QxHxs
(Metric) P w = 366
. QxHxs
(US units) P w = 3960
1.2.6.4 Overall ~ f f i c i e n c y (lloA)
This is the ratio of the energy imparted to the liquid ,t
(Pw) by the pump to the energy supplied to the (P
mot
);
that is, the ratio of the water horsepower to the power
input to the primary driver expressed in percent.
1.2.6.5 Pump efficiency (1lp)
This is the ratio of the energy imparted to the liquid by
the pump (P
w
) to the energy delivered to the pump
shaft (P p) expressed in percent.
1.2.6.6 High-energy pump
High-energy pumps are defined as those above a cer-
tain energy level.
One parameter used in determining energy level is the
total head and the density (specific gravity) of the
pumped fluid. The other parameter is pump specific
speed, which defines pump and impeller geometry in
relative terms. Specific speed is used in conjunction
with developed head and specific gravity to effectively
define "high energy," while avoiding the many variables
involved in other specific design and application
parameters.
By using these terms and relating them to general
PUIlJP operating experience, a measure of "high
energy" versus "low energy" pumps is defined and
300
250
~ 200
(])
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..
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x 150
\
\
~
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
graphically represented. This definition, as repre-
sented in Figures 1.45 and 1.46, shows that high-energy
pumps can be of low specific speed design, with rela-
tively high total head, or of high specific speed design,
with relatively low total head. The curve separating
"low" and "high" energy pumps is of nearly constant
energy level. It is not a definitive separating line, but
rather a broad band and pumps falling close to this line
- on either side ~ might be considered as low or high
energy.
The following symbols, their definitions and units of
measure apply to the figures:
Total Head x S = pump total head (per stage for multi-
stage pumps) meters (feet) times specific gravity (S).
Specific Speed = n( 0)0.5
(H)0.75
NOTE: for double suction pumps (impellers), 0 is
the total pump flow.
n = speed, rpm
o = rate of flow, m
3
/h (gpm)
H = total head (per stage), meters (feet)
High energy
"0
a!
(])
.c:
Cii
; 100
~
..........
~
Low energy
----
50
o
500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000
Specific Speed
Figure 1.45 - High-energy versus low-energy pumps (metric)
59
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
1,000
\
\
High energy
800
1\
~
""-
~
C/)
600
x
"0
ctl
(])
..c:
iii
;
400
~
Low energy
r--
---
200
o
500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500
Specific Speed
Figure 1.46 - High-energy versus low-energy pumps (US units)
1.2.7 Pump pressures
1.2.7.1 Working pressure (Pd)
The maximum discharge pressure that could occur in
the pump when it is operated at rated speed and suc-
tion pressure for the given application.
1.2.7.2 Maximum allowable casing working
pressure
This is the highest pressure at the specified pumping
temperature for which the pump casing is designed.
This pressure shall be equal to or greater than the
maximum discharge pressure. In the case of some
pumps (double suction, vertical turbine, axial split case
can pumps, or multistage, for example), the maximum
allowable casing working pressure on the suction side
may be different from that on the discharge side.
1.2.7.3 Maximum suction pressure
The highest suction pressure to which the pump will
be subjected during operation.
60
1.2.7.4 Field test pressure
The maximum hydrostatic test pressure to be used for
leak testing a closed pumping system in the field if the
pumps are not isolated. Generally this is taken as
125% of the maximum allowable casing working pres-
sure. In cases where mechanical seals are used, this
pressure may be limited by the pressure-containing
capabilities of the seal.
NOTE: See Section 1.2.7.2 Maximum allowable
casing working pressure. Consideration of which
may limit the field test pressure of the pump to
125% of the maximum allowable casing working
pressure on the suction side of double suction split
case pumps and certain other pump types.
1.2.8 Impeller balancing
1.2.8.1 Single plane balancing (also called static
balancing)
Correction of residual unbalance to a specified maxi-
mum limit by removing or adding weight in one correc-
tion plane only. Can be accomplished statically using
balance rails or by spinning.
1.2.8.2 Two plane balancing (also called dynamic
f' balancing)
,
Correction of residual unbalance to a specified limit by
removing or adding weight in two correction planes,
Accomplished by spinning on appropriate balancing
machines.
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
61
HI Centrifugal Pump Definitions - 2000
Appendix A
References
This appendix is not part of this standard, but is presented to help the user in considering factors beyond the stan-
dard sump design.
NEMA-National Electrical Manufacturers
Associations
NEMA-MG1-1993, Motors and Generators
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
2101 L Street, NW, Suite 300
Washington, D.C. 20037
62
HI Centrifugal Pump Index - 2000
Appendix B
Index
This appendix is not part of this standard, but is presented to help the user in considering factors beyond this
standard.
Note: an f. indicates a figure, and a t. indicates a table.
Allowable operating range, 58
Atmospheric head, 57
Axial flow pumps, 4, 4f.
impeller between bearings-separately coupled-
single stage axial (horizontal) split case, 46f.
impeller between bearings-separately coupled-
single stage axial (horizontal) split case pump
on base plate, 45f.
separately coupled single stage-(horizontal) split
case, 16f.
separately coupled single stage-horizontal, 15f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(horizontal) split
case, 18f.
Bare rotor
) multistage, axially split, single or double suction
centrifugal pumps, 25
single stage, axially (horizontally) split, single or
double suction centrifugal pump, 25
BEP See Best efficiency point
Best efficiency point, 58
Capacity, 55
Casing rotation, 26
Casing working pressure, 60
Centerline mounted pumps
separately coupled single stage, 41 f.
separately coupled single stage (top suction), 43f.
separately coupled single stage-pump on base
plate, 42f.
separately coupled single stage-pump on base plate
(top suction), 44f.
Centerline support pumps, 12f.
Centrifugal pumps
defined, 1
nomenclature (alphabetical listing), 27t.-35t.
nomenclature (numerical listing), 35t.-38t.
size, 25
Condition points, 58
.. Datum, 55
Datum elevations, 55f.
Dimensional designations, 39-46
Dimensionally interchangeable pump, 25
Duplicate performance pump, 25
Dynamic balancing; 61
Electric motor input power, 58
Elevation head, 55
End suction pumps, 4f.
submersible, 5f.
Face-mounted motor dimensions, 49t.
type JM, 51 t.
type JM having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
type JP, 52t.
type JP having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
Field test pressure, 60
Frame mounted pumps
ANSI B73.1, 13f.
lined, 11 f.
separately coupled single stage-mixed flow, 21 f.
separately coupled single stage-self-priming, 24f.
separately coupled-single stage, 10f., 39f.
separately coupled-single stage (vertically
mounted),47f.
separately coupled-single stage-pump on base
plate,40f.
Francis vane, 3f., 3
Friction head, 57
Gauge head, 55
Head,55
atmospheric, 57
elevation, 55
friction, 57
gauge, 55
net positive suction head available, 58
net positive suction head required, 58
total, 57, 59
total discharge, 57
total suction (closed suction), 57
total suction (open suction), 57
velocity, 55
High-energy pumps, 59, 59f., 60f.
63
HI Centrifugal Pump Index - 2000
HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft motor dimensions,
53f., 53t., 54t.
Identical performance and dimensional pump, 25
Impeller balancing, 60
Impeller between bearings, 1 f., 2
separately coupled-multistage axial (horizontal) split
case, 18f.
separately coupled-multistage radial (vertical) split
case, 19f.
separately coupled-multistage radial (vertical) split-
double casing, 20f.
separately coupled-single stage axial (horizontal)
split case, 46f. .
separately coupled-single stage axial (horizontal)
split case pump on base plate, 45f.
separately coupled-single stage-axial (horizontal)
split case, 16f.
separately coupled-single stage-radial (vertical)
split case, 17f.
Impeller designs, 2
axial flow, 4, 4f.
Francis vane, 3f., 3
impeller between bearing type, 1 f., 2
mixed flow, 3, 3f.
radial flow, 3, 3f.
specific speed, 3f.
suction specific speed, 3f.
In-line pumps, 7f.
flexible coupling, 8f.
rigid coupling, 9f.
Interchangeable pump, 25
Kinetic pumps
impeller between bearing type, 1 f., 2
overhung impeller types, 1 f., 2, 4f.-15f., 21 f., 24f.
regenerative turbine type, 1, 1 f., 2
special variations, 2
types, 1 f., 1
Letter designations, 39-46
Low-energy pumps, 59, 59f., 60f.
Maximum allowable casing working pressure, 60
Maximum suction pressure, 58, 60
Minimum spares, 27
Mixed flow pumps, 3, 3f.
Motor dimensions
face-mounted, 49t.
HP and HPH vertical solid-shaft, 53f., 53t., 54t.
type JM, 51 t.
type JM having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
type JP, 52t.
type JP having rolling contact bearings, 50f.
64
Net positive suction head
available, 584
required,58
Nomenclature
alphabetical listing, 27t.-35t.
numerical listing, 35t.-38t.
Normal condition point, 58
NPSHA See a/so Net positive suction head available
NPSHR See Net positive suction head required
Overall efficiency, 58
Overhung impeller
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted,
39f.
Overhung impeller pumps, 1 f., 2
close couple single stage-diffuser style-end suction-
submersible, Sf.
close coupled single stage-end suction, 4f.
close coupled single stage-in-line, 7f.
close coupled single stage-submersible, 6f.
close coupled-single stage-end suction, 47f.
separately coupled single stage-axial flow-
horizontal, 15f.
separately coupled singlestage-centerline
mounted, 41 f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline mounted
(top suction), 43f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline mounted 6
pump on base plate (top suction), 44f. ~
separately coupled single stage-centerline
mounted-pump on base plate, 42f.
separately coupled single stage-centerline support-
API 610, 12f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted,
1 Of.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted-
ANSI B73.1, 13f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted-
lined pump, 11 f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted-
mixed flow, 21f.
separately coupled single stage-frame mounted-
self-priming, 24f.
separately coupled single stage-in-line-f1exible
coupling, 8f.
separately coupled single stage-in-line-rigid
coupling, 9f.
separately coupled single stage-wet pit volute, 14f.
separately coupled-single stage-frame mounted
(vertically mounted), 47f.
separately coupled-single stage-frame mounted-
pump on base plate, 40f.
Power, 58
Propeller pumps See Axial flow pumps
Pump efficiency, 59
~ Pump input power, 58
, Pump output power, 58
Pump pressures, 60
Radial flow pumps, 3, 3f.
separately coupled single stage-(vertical) split case,
17f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(vertical) split case,
19f.
separately coupled-mulitstage-(vertical) split-
double casing, 20f.
Rate of flow, 55
Rated condition point, 58
Recommended minimum spares, 27
Regenerative turbine pumps, 1 f., 1, 2
impeller between bearings-two stage, 23f.
peripheral single stage, 22f.
side channel single stage, 22f.
Rotating assembly
multistage, axially split, single or double suction
centrifugal pumps, 26
single stage, axially (horizontally) split, single or
double suction centrifugal pump, 25
Rotation of casing, 26
Rotation of pumps, 26, 26f.
Shut off, 58
Single plane balancing, 60
SO See Shut off
Spare parts, 27
Specific speed, 2,3f., 59
Specified condition point, 58
Speed,55
Static balancing, 60
Static suction lift, 58
Stuffing box
area, 48f.
HI Centrifugal Pump Index - 2000
Submerged suction, 58
Submergence, 57
Submersible pumps, 5f., 6f.
Subscripts, 57t.
Suction conditions, 58
Suction pressure, 60
Suction pumps, 4f.
datum elevations, 55f.
submersible, 5f.
Suction specific speed, 3t., 3
Symbols, 56t.
Terminology
alphabetical listing, 27t.-35t.
numerical listing, 35t.-38t.
Total discharge head, 57
Total head, 57, 59
Total suction head
closed suction test, 57
net positive ~ u c t i o n head available, 58
net positive suction head required, 58
open suction, 57
Two plane balancing, 61
Type JM motors, 51t.
having rolling contact bearings, 50t.
Type JP motors, 52t.
having rOiling contact bearings, 50t.
Velocity head, 55
Vertical solid-shaft motor dimensions (HP and HPH),
53f., 53t., 54t.
Wet pit volute pumps, 14f.
total suction head, 57
Working pressure, 60
65