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Diameter

Diameter In geometry, the diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints are on the boundary of the circle. The diameters are the longest chords of the circle. The word "diameter" is derived from Greek (diametros), "diagonal of a circle", from - (dia-), "across, through"+ "a measure"). In more modern usage, the length of a diameter is also called the diameter. In this sense one speaks of the diameter rather than a diameter, because all diameters of a circle have the same length, this being twice the radius. For a convex shape in the plane, the diameter is defined to be the largest distance that can be formed between two opposite parallel lines tangent to its boundary, and the width is defined to be the smallest such distance. Both quantities can be calculated efficiently using rotating calipers. For a curve of constant width such as the Reuleaux triangle, the width and diameter are the same because all such pairs of parallel tangent lines have the same distance.

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In differential geometry, the diameter is an important global Riemannian invariant. In plane and coordinate geometry, a diameter of a conic section is any chord which passes through the conic's centre; such diameters are not necessarily of uniform length, except in the case of the circle, which has eccentricity e = 0. In medical parlance the diameter of a lesion is the longest line segment whose endpoints are within the lesion. Circle can be defined as closed round shaped figure. Diameter is one of the terminologies that we use for circle. Diameter of circle is defined as a line that passes from center and touches two points on boundary of circle. Often the word diameter is used to refer line itself. Diameter is twice of radius and is also called as Chord. Chord is defined as any line that joins two points on a circle. So, we can say that diameter is a chord which passes through center of circle and it is also the longest possible chord of circle. If we have to calculate area or circumference of circle then we need to diameter or radius. As area of circle is given as: Area = r2, Here, 'r' is the radius or we can say half of diameter and '' is constant and its value is 3.14 or 22 / 7.

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If diameter or radius is known then we can easily determine Area of a Circle. Similarly, circumference of a circle is given as: Circumference = 2 r, Here again '' is constant and 'r' is radius. So if radius or diameter is given then one can easily calculate area and circumference of circle by putting values in their respective formulas.

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