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Electoral Boundaries Commission

Toward Fair and Effective Representation September 24, 2012


Teresa MacNeil, CM, PhD Chair

Electoral Boundaries Commission


Toward Fair and Effective Representation September 24, 2012
Teresa MacNeil, CM, PhD Chair

Contents
Foreword.................................................................................................................................................1 Introduction.............................................................................................................................................3 Structure.and.Operation...........................................................................................................................5 Terms.of.Reference..................................................................................................................................6 Interpreting.the.Terms.of.Reference.........................................................................................................7 Initial.Interpretation...................................................................................................................7 Subsequent.Interpretation...........................................................................................................8 Dissenting.Member.of.the.Commission.......................................................................................9 Electoral.Redistribution.in.Nova.Scotia:.Key.Issues.and.Challenges.........................................................14 Voter.Parity.versus.Effective.Representation..............................................................................15 Number.of.Seats.in.the.House.of.Assembly................................................................................16 Minority.Representation.and.Protected.Constituencies..............................................................18 Electoral.System.Reform...........................................................................................................21 Population.and.Electoral.Data................................................................................................................23 The.Public.Consultation.Process.............................................................................................................24 Table.1:.2001.and.2011.Electors.and.Seat.Entitlements.for.Existing.Electoral.Constituencies.................26 Proposed.Electoral.Redistribution..........................................................................................................28 Introduction.............................................................................................................................28 Regional.Overview....................................................................................................................28 Proposed.Changes.to.Existing.Electoral.Boundaries,.by.Constituency........................................31 Table.2:.Proposed.Constituencies,.with.Electors.and.Seat.Entitlements,.2012.........................................36 Table.3:.Proposed.Constituencies.and.Number.of.Electors,.by.Region....................................................38 Table.4:.Existing.and.Proposed.Seats,.by.Region.....................................................................................40 Table.5:.Existing.and.Proposed.Average.Seat.Entitlement,.by.Region.......................................................41 Maps......................................................................................................................................................42 Other.Recommendations........................................................................................................................51 Appendices: Appendix.A:.Description.of.Proposed.Electoral.Boundaries......................................................54 Appendix.B:.Public.Meetings.Schedule.(first.round).................................................................68 Appendix.C:.Public.Meetings.Schedule.(second.round)............................................................69 Appendix.D:.Presenters.(first.round,.in.order.of.presentation).................................................70

Appendix.E:.Presenters.(second.round,.in.order.of.presentation)............................................74 Appendix.F:.Written.Submissions.Received.January.11May.31,.2012.. (in.alphabetical.order).............................................................................................................79 Appendix.G:.Written.Submissions.Received.June.1July.13,.2012.. (in.alphabetical.order).............................................................................................................82 Appendix.H:.Written.Submissions.Received.July.14September.4,.2012.. (in.alphabetical.order).............................................................................................................84 Appendix.I:.Summary.of.Comments.from.the.Public.................................................................90 Summary.of.Comments.from.the.Public,.to.May.31,.2012.. (before.release.of.the.Interim.Report)........................................................................90 Summary.of.Comments.from.the.Public,.June.1July.13,.2012.. (after.release.of.the.Interim.Report)...........................................................................95 Summary.of.Comments.from.the.Public,.July.14September.6,.2012.. (after.release.of.the.Revised.Interim.Report)..............................................................98 Appendix.J:.Letter.from.the.Hon..Ross.Landry,.Attorney.General,.June.14,.2012.....................110 . Appendix.K:.Elaboration.on.Data.Sources...............................................................................111 Appendix.L:.Composition.of.the.Provincial.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission........................113

The.Honourable.Ross.Landry. Attorney.General.and.Minister.of.Justice. Department.of.Justice. 5151.Terminal.Road,.PO.Box.7. Halifax,.NS.B3J..2L6 September.24,.2012 Dear.Minister: We.are.pleased.to.submit.the.Final.Report.of.the.Nova.Scotia.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission..This. report.contains.the.Commissions.recommendations.for.changes.to.the.provinces.electoral.boundaries. for.consideration.by.the.Nova.Scotia.House.of.Assembly. Sincerely,

Teresa.MacNeil,.Chair

J..Colin.Dodds,.Vice.Chair

James.P..Bickerton

Barbara.F..Feeney

Paul.Gaudet

Douglas.Peach

Rustum.Southwell

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Foreword

Reflections from the Chair


It.looked.straightforward.enough.when.my.colleagues.and.I.accepted.the.assignment.to.serve.as. Nova.Scotias.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission..Yes,.it.would.involve.many.days.on.winter.roads,. but.it.came.with.the.reward.of.improving.our.understanding.of.population.shifts.in.the.provinces. varied.communities..We.were.given.terms.of.reference,.not.much.different.from.those.provided.the. commission.that.preceded.us.ten.years.earlier.and.the.one.ten.years.before.that..Direction.was.set. for.us.about.public.consultations.and.deadlines,.and.we.were.given.a.small.staff.to.manage.day-to-day. operations..Add.this.firm.base.to.the.experience,.expertise,.and.representativeness.of.the.Commissions. members.and.it.was.practically.guaranteed.that.the.task.before.us.would.be.ably.achieved. These.positive.features.of.the.task.lived.up.to.their.promise..Looking.back.over.the.time.since.the. Commissions.first.meeting.on.January.31,.only.one.point.disrupted.the.otherwise.smooth.flow.of. the.review.process..And.what.a.point.it.turned.out.to.be!.It.happened.because.our.deliberations. leading.to.the.May.31.Interim.Report.convinced.all.but.one.of.us.that.it.would.not.be.appropriate.for. the.Commission.to.require.the.four.protected.constituencies.to.meet.the.given.standard.for.equal. electoral.population..Subsequently,.we.were.informed.by.the.Attorney.General.that.the.Commission.did. not.have.the.authority.to.deviate.from.its.terms.of.reference..It.meant.we.either.had.to.resign.or.prepare. another.redistribution.plan.in.a.revised.interim.report. I.want.to.thank.my.colleagues.on.the.Commission,.highly.competent.and.busy.people,.for.their. generosity.in.staying.the.course.despite.challenges.that.were.at.times.untenable..One.member.resigned. and.was.not.replaced..Her.diligence.and.concern.have.been.greatly.missed. There.can.be.no.question.about.the.determination.of.Nova.Scotians.to.express.their.views.about.their. electoral.boundaries,.particularly.when.they.see.unwelcome.change.in.the.making..As.this.report. shows,.we.had.the.advantage.of.hearing.and.reading.hundreds.of.suggestions.for.revising,.or.not,.the. provinces.electoral.districts..In.several.communities,.we.met.with.very.large.numbers.of.citizens.whose. voices.underscored.formal.presentations..We.sincerely.thank.all.who.took.the.time.to.participate.in.this. important.democratic.exercise..We.took.many.conflicting.views.into.consideration..Regrettably,.we.know. that.in.the.end,.many.will.not.agree.with.our.recommendations. We.had.a.lot.of.help.along.the.way..Our.support.staffled.by.Darryl.C..Eisan,.Director,.with.Shealagh. McGrath,.Administrative.Assistant,.and.Geographic.Information.System.(GIS).Analyst.Kevin.Steeves provided.seamless.oversight.for.our.work.from.start.to.finish..Christine.McCulloch,.QC,.former.Chief. Electoral.Officer,.literally.opened.the.doors.of.Elections.Nova.Scotia.to.assist.us..That.hospitality.was. continued.by.her.successor,.Richard.Temporale,.and.his.staff..Throughout,.we.had.the.advantage. of.access.to.Elections.Nova.Scotias.excellent.technical.resources.and.convenient.meeting.facilities.. Through.James.MacInnes,.Manager.of.Legislative.Television.and.Broadcast.and.Recording.Services,.and. his.Administrative.Assistant,.Anita.Fraser,.we.were.privileged.to.receive.truly.professional.support..Matt. Hemeon,.Paul.Read,.Blake.Ross,.and.Reed.Jones.joined.us.on.the.road.as.the.audio-visual.technicians. who.were.never.at.a.loss.to.accommodate.an.unusual.circumstance..Communications.Nova.Scotia.dealt. promptly.with.our.numerous.communications.needs.through.Angela.Campbell,.Manager,.Client.Services.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

and.Project.Management..The.Hansard.Office.of.the.Nova.Scotia.House.of.Assembly,.through.Editor. Robert.Kinsman,.was.diligent.in.providing.us.with.the.verbatim.transcripts.of.our.public.meetings..The. Office.of.Acadian.Affairs,.through.Senior.Translator.Melany.Close,.was.prompt.to.translate.documents. at.a.moments.notice,.and.Treasury.Board,.through.Derek.Harvey,.Corporate.Financial.Analyst,.provided. various.forms.of.financial.assistance..Together,.they.made.it.possible.for.us.to.work.effectively..We. extend.our.sincere.thanks.to.them.all.

Teresa.MacNeil. Chair

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Introduction
The.Select.Committee.on.Establishing.an.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.released.its.report.on. December.30,.2011..Under.the.chairmanship.of.the.Honourable.Ross.Landry,.it.recommended.the. Commissions.terms.of.reference.along.with.names.of.the.eight.members.who.would.make.up.the. independent.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission. This.Final.Report.of.the.2012.Boundaries.Commission.marks.the.completion.of.the.third.review.of.Nova. Scotias.electoral.boundaries.carried.out.in.the.past.two.decades.by.independent.commissions.to.ensure. that.legislative.representation.keeps.pace.with.population.growth.and.movement..Changes.in.population. call.for.shifts.in.legislative.representation..The.objective.is.relative.voting.parity,.recognizing.that.there.is. a.wide.range.of.views.and.interests.to.consider.in.achieving.effective.representation. This.report.presents.the.Commissions.conclusions.about.adjustments.to.the.provinces.electoral. boundary.lines..It.is.the.result.of.a.review.of.the.current.circumstances.within.each.of.Nova.Scotias.52. electoral.constituencies.and.is.in.keeping.with.all.of.the.given.terms.of.reference. The.report.also.mentions.some.of.the.challenges.we.encountered.along.the.way..At.first.glance,.the. Commissions.job.was.simple.enough..We.were.directed.to.be.guided.by.our.terms.of.reference,.to.end. up.with.no.more.than.52.seats,.with.each.constituency.having.essentially.the.same.number.of.voters.. Simply.dividing.the.provinces.711,588.eligible.voters.by.52.would.give.us.an.average.of.13,684.voters. in.each.constituency..But.we.were.given.allowance.to.vary.that.number.within.25.per.cent.on.either.side. of.the.average.out.of.respect.for.such.circumstances.as.geography,.community.history.and.interests,.and. Nova.Scotias.linguistic.and.cultural.diversity..Despite.the.25.per.cent.allowance.for.deviation.from.the. average,.those.circumstances.frequently.became.sticking.points.among.citizens.faced.with.our.proposals. to.change.long-established.boundary.lines. The.procedure.we.followed.was.determined.by.Section.5.of.the.House.of.Assembly.Act.which.sets.out. directions,.including.that.the.commission.prepare.a.preliminary.report.and.hold.public.hearings. prior.to.preparing.the.preliminary.report;.and.following.the.preparation.of.the.preliminary.report.the. commission.hold.further.public.hearings.prior.to.preparing.its.final.report. Our.Interim.(preliminary).Report.was.released.on.May.31,.2012,.with.the.intent.that.it.would.generate. discussion.and.prompt.feedback.during.a.second.round.of.public.meetings..In.preparing.that.report,.we. treated.the.terms.of.reference.as.a.guide..In.fact,.we.complied.with.all.of.the.terms,.with.the.exception. that.as.an.independent.commission.we.used.our.discretion.to.maintain.the.status.of.the.four.protected. constituencies.which.meant.that.they.would.continue.to.exceed.the.25.per.cent.variance.from.the. average.set.out.as.the.allowable.variance.in.the.terms.of.reference..These.are.the.electoral.districts.of. Clare,.Argyle,.Richmond,.and.Preston,.which.were.extended.protected.status.as.minority.constituencies. by.the.Government.of.Nova.Scotia.in.1991..The.House.of.Assembly.approved.constituency.boundaries. for.the.designated.Acadian.and.African.Nova.Scotian.communities.that.effectively.increased.their.voting. strength.relative.to.other.constituencies.in.the.province..By.not.requiring.the.four.constituencies.to.meet. the.same.relative.voter.parity.standard.as.other.districts,.their.special.status.would.remain..We.were. respecting.linguistic.and.cultural.diversity.as.well.as.community.history,.interest,.and.identity.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

On.June.14,.2012,.we.received.a.letter.(see.Appendix.J).from.the.Attorney.General.stating.that.he.was. unable.to.accept.the.Interim.Report.because.the.terms.of.reference.were.mandatory,.not.a.matter. of.guidance..With.advice.that.the.terms.of.reference.were.legally.binding.upon.the.Commission,.he. declared.the.Interim.Report.null.and.void.and.requested.us.to.prepare.a.revised.interim.report.that.fully. complied.with.the.terms.of.reference. In.response.to.the.Attorney.Generals.letter,.the.Commission.prepared.and.released.the.Revised.Interim. Report.to.have.all.constituencies.fall.within.25.per.cent.of.the.average.number.of.electors,.as.stated.in. clause.2(d).of.the.Commissions.Terms.of.Reference..A.second.round.of.nine.public.meetings.followed,. along.with.446.e-mails,.12.letters,.and.82.telephone.messages.in.response.to.the.new.proposals.. We.were.impressed.by.the.high.level.of.participation.in.those.meetings.and.the.significant.volume.of. correspondence.we.received..This.Final.Report.takes.into.account,.to.the.extent.possible,.this.very. substantial.amount.of.public.response,.although.we.have.to.report.that.at.times.the.feedback.was. conflicting.or.not.in.accordance.with.our.terms.of.reference. Our.task.was.to.present.concluding.recommendations.for.boundary.revisions.to.provincial.electoral. districts.for.the.approval.of.the.House.of.Assembly;.moreover,.these.recommendations.should.be.fully. compliant.with.the.terms.of.reference..We.believe.we.have.done.that..We.also.include.in.this.report. some.observations.based.on.this.Commissions.experience.with.the.overall.boundary.review.process.. Our.intent.is.that.they.might.be.of.assistance.to.future.electoral.boundary.reviews.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Structure and Operation


The.independent.Nova.Scotia.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.was.established.by.the.Select.Committee. on.Establishing.an.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.on.December.30,.2011..The.Commission. comprised.eight.people,.with.Dr..Teresa.MacNeil.(Johnstown,.Richmond.County).appointed.as.Chair.. The.other.members.of.the.Commission.were.Dr..Colin.Dodds,.Vice.Chair.(Halifax),.Dr..Jill.L..Grant. (Dartmouth),.Dr..James.P..Bickerton.(Antigonish),.Mr..Douglas.Peach.(Marion.Bridge,.Cape.Breton),. Mr..Paul.Gaudet.(Saulnierville),.Mr..Rustum.Southwell.(Bedford),.and.Ms..Barbara.Feeney.(Mahone. Bay)..Of.note,.Dr..Grant.resigned.from.the.Commission.on.May.31,.2012. Three.people.made.up.the.staff.of.the.Commission:.Darryl.C..Eisan,.seconded.from.the.Nova.Scotia. Public.Service,.served.as.Director,.responsible.for.the.day-to-day.operation.of.the.Commissions.work;. Shealagh.McGrath.was.the.Commissions.Administrative.Assistant;.and.Kevin.Steeves,.seconded.from. Elections.Nova.Scotia,.provided.GIS.and.mapping.expertise. The.Commission.was.physically.located.at.Elections.Nova.Scotia.and.during.the.course.of.its.work.held.20. business.meetings. Commission.members.agreed.that.the.Chair.would.serve.as.the.Commissions.principal.spokesperson. In.February,.the.Chair.sent.a.letter.to.the.Speaker.of.the.Nova.Scotia.House.of.Assembly.in.response.to.the. concern.voiced.by.some.Commissioners.that.they.had.not.received.a.letter.of.appointment;.in.particular,. they.received.no.communication.setting.out.general.expectations.for.the.Commission..In.his.letter.of. reply.(February.28,2012),.the.Speaker.wrote.that.......the.terms.of.reference.established.in.the.Report. of.the.Select.Committee.constitute.the.totality.of.direction.to.the.Commission.and.no.person.or.body.is. authorized.to.give.further.direction.(subject.to.any.further.direction.from.the.House.of.Assembly).

Recommendation
The Commission is mindful that, once formally appointed, it is to function independently of influence from government and the legislature. The Commission is also aware that knowledge of basic operational guidelines would help members to be confident that they are working within the normal expectations of a publicly appointed body. It therefore suggests that, in future, an orientation session take place at the outset of the Commissions appointment. This should include a handbook outlining routine operational requirements. The Select Committee on Establishing an Electoral Boundaries Commission could be tasked with these responsibilities.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Terms of Reference
The.Terms.of.Reference.provided.by.the.Select.Committee.on.Establishing.an.Electoral.Boundaries. Commission.are.as.follows:. (2) Terms of Reference for the Provincial Boundaries Commission In.keeping.with.the.constitutional.right.of.Nova.Scotians.to.fair.and.effective.representation,.the. Committee.directs.the.Provincial.Boundaries.Commission.to.be.guided.by.the.following: 2(a).Based.on.the.most.recent.census.and.other.population.data.available,.the.Commission. delineate.electoral.boundaries.to.achieve.an.Assembly.of.not.more.than.52.seats,.not.counting.any. additional.Member.authorized.pursuant.to.Section.6.of.the.House.of.Assembly.Act; 2(b).Of.paramount.importance,.relative.parity.of.voting.power.must.be.achieved.through. constituencies.of.equal.electoral.population.to.the.extent.possible; 2(c).Deviations.from.parity.of.voting.power.may.be.justified.in.consideration.of:. i.. Geography,.in.particular,.the.difficulty.in.effectively.representing.a.large.physical.area; ii.. Community.history.and.interests; iii.. Nova.Scotias.linguistic.and.cultural.diversity,.in.particular,.the.provinces.Acadian.and. African.Nova.Scotia.population.. 2(d).Notwithstanding.2(c),.no.constituency.may.deviate.by.a.variance.greater.or.less.than.25.per. cent.from.the.average.number.of.electors.per.constituency; 2(e).The.Commission.shall.seek.the.advice,.support.and.hear.such.presentations.and.consider.such. other.information.in.such.ways,.at.such.times.and.in.such.places.as.it.deems.advisable,.respecting. existing.electoral.districts.and.the.establishment.of.new.electoral.districts,.as.well.as.the.area,.name,. representation.and.implementation.of.those.electoral.districts;. 2(f).All.submissions.to.the.Commission.from.individuals.and.organizations.be.made.in.public; 2(g).In.considering.the.representation.of.communities.of.interest,.the.Commission.may.also.seek.the.advice. of.linguistic.and.cultural.groups,.including.Mikmaq,.Acadian.and.African.Nova.Scotian.representatives;. 2(h).Simultaneous.French.translation.may.be.provided.at.designated.meetings.in.Acadian. Communities.and.at.any.other.meetings.the.Commission.deems.appropriate;. 2(i).The.Commission.must.submit.its.interim.report.to.the.Attorney.General.of.Nova.Scotia,.as.designate.of. the.Premier.of.Nova.Scotia,.on.or.before.May.31,.2012,.and.its.final.report,.on.or.before.August.31,.2012.. 3).For.greater.clarity.the.Commission.is.to.be.bound.by.Section.5,.subsections.5.(4).and.(5),.of.the. House.of.Assembly.Act.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Interpreting the Terms of Reference


The.terms.of.reference.for.the.current.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.are.similar.to.those.that. governed.the.two.previous.reviews.(1991,.2001)..They.continue.to.place.paramount.importance.on. relative.voter.parity,.and.they.specify.that.the.Commission.consider.geography,.community.history,.and. interests.and.Nova.Scotias.linguistic.and.cultural.diversity.as.possible.justifications.for.deviating.from. relative.voting.power.in.framing.constituency.boundaries. The.following.three.considerations.within.the.terms.of.reference.for.this.Commission.differ.from.those. of.the.previous.commissions: . First,.it.is.indicated.in.clause.2(a).that.the.Commission.may.delineate.not.more.than.52.seats;. previous.commissions.were.directed.to.provide.recommendations.for.52.seats. . Second,.in.clause.2(d),.it.is.indicated.that.notwithstanding.concerns.about.geography,.community. history.and.interests,.and.Nova.Scotias.linguistic.and.cultural.diversity,.constituencies.may.not.deviate. by.a.variance.greater.or.less.than.25.per.cent.from.the.average.number.of.electors.per.constituency. . Third,.the.Commission.need.not.be.constrained.by.county.boundaries.

Initial Interpretation
Regarding.each.of.these.three.considerations,.we.worked.from.the.premise.initially.of.retaining.a. Legislative.Assembly.of.52.seats,.and.we.were.not.constrained.by.county.or.municipal.boundaries. However,.Clause.2(d).presented.us.with.a.considerable.challenge,.particularly.with.respect.to.the.four. constituencies.(Argyle,.Clare,.Preston,.and.Richmond).that.had.been.protected.for.the.past.20.years.. Enlarging.the.number.of.voters.for.each.to.reach.75.per.cent.of.the.average.number.of.voters.would. mean.loss.of.the.established.boundaries.that.were.accorded.in.1991..Following.lengthy.debate,.the. majority.position.of.the.Commission.was.presented.in.the.Interim.Report.(May.31,.2012):.to.retain.the. protected.constituencies.of.Argyle,.Clare,.Preston,.and.Richmond..One.member.registered.a.dissenting. opinion.with.respect.to.this.decision.and.later.resigned.from.the.Commission. Our.initial,.general interpretationas.an.independent.commissionwas.to.treat.the.various.clauses. as.guides..This.was.in.keeping.with.the.wording.contained.in.the.terms.of.reference: The.[Select]. Committee.directs.the.provincial.Boundaries.Commission.to.be.guided.by.the.following...... In.fact,.all. clauses.were.observed.except.for.our.decision.to.retain.the.protected.constituencies. As.matters.turned.out,.our.initial,.general.interpretation.of.the.terms.of.reference was.not.accepted.. Following.delivery.of.the.Interim.Report,.we.were.advised.by.letter.(June.14,.2012).from.the.Attorney. General.that.he.was.not.able.to.accept.the.interim.report.as.drafted,.as.it.does.not.follow.the. requirements.set.out.in.the.terms.of.reference.in.the.final.report.of.the.Select.Committee..He.further. indicated.that.the.terms.of.reference.were.legally.binding..At.this.point,.we.found.ourselves.without.any. discretionary.authority.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Subsequent Interpretation
Faced.with.the.requirement.to.prepare.a.revised.interim.report,.we.agreed.to.try.to.achieve.relative. voter.parity.throughout.the.provinces.electoral.constituencies.as.mandated.by.the.Attorney.General..This. became.a.difficult.exercise..The.Revised.Interim.Report.was.released.on.July.20,.followed.two.weeks. later.by.a.round.of.nine.public.meetings. The.proposals.in.the.Revised.Interim.Report.met.with.a.most.welcome.and.very.strong.public.response:. a.total.of.156.people.made.presentations.during.well-attended.meetings.(over.3,000.attendees),.and.a. total.of.540.messages.were.received.via.e-mail.and.telephone..Voices.of.dissatisfaction.came.especially. from.places.where.the.loss.of.a.voting.poll.or.the.merger.of.electoral.districts.was.proposed;.from. neighbouring.districts.that.might.have.to.surrender.some.of.their.voters.to.help.fill.the.requirement. for.additional.voters.in.constituencies.where.voter.numbers.were.below.the.minimum.75.per.cent. requirement;.and.from.persons.convinced.that.proposed.new.lines.would.break.up.long-established. neighbourhoods.or.communities..In.some.constituencies,.the.sitting.Member.of.the.Legislative.Assembly. (MLA).led.the.resistance.to.the.Commissions.proposals. From.the.high.level.of.negative.public.response,.we.might.conclude.that.many.of.those.who.objected. simply.didnt.understand.the.principle.of.relative.voter.paritythat.one.voter.should.have.approximately. the.same.power.as.another..On.the.other.hand,.they.may.have.understood.the.principle.but.simply.did. not.consider.it.valid..In.underpopulated.rural.areas,.for.example,.the.argument.was.made.again.and. again.that.the.large.territory.to.be.covered.by.an.MLA.should.justify.a.much.smaller.number.of.electors. than.required.by.the.established.standard..Some.argued.that.to.overcome.the.geographic.challenge,. there.should.be.more.than.52.seats..Arguments.offered.by.the.protected.constituencies.referred.over. and.over.again.to.the.unique.significance.of.their.history.and.culture.in.Nova.Scotia..Many.strong,. well-reasoned.presentations.made.to.the.Commission.argued.against.holding.strictly.to.one.clause. or.another,.expressing.strong.sentiments.of.loss.of.identity.or.declaring.unwillingness.to.merge.with. neighbouring.districts..Nonetheless,.this.Final.Report.proposes.electoral.distribution.that.meets.all.of.the. terms.of.reference.as.required.by.the.Attorney.General.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Dissenting Member of the Commission


by.Paul.Gaudet Mnager la chvre et le chou! I.dissent.from.the.other.Commission.members.who.recommend.the.elimination.of.the.three.protected. Acadian.constituencies.in.the.Final.Report. The.formidable.task.assigned.to.the.NS.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.is.reminiscent.of.the. old.story.of.the.farmer.who.had.to.carry.a.wolf,.a.goat,.and.his.cabbage.across.the.river,.one. at.a.time,.while.attempting.to.keep.all.three.from.consuming.or.being.consumed.by.the.others.. Mnager la chvre et le chou! (Manage the goat and the cabbage!). In.short,.manage.the. challenge.of.conflicting.and.irreconcilable.interests:.Protect.minority.representation.while. respecting.the.rules.on.average.riding.sizes,.as.was.summarized.in.the.August.20,.2012,. Chronicle Herald.editorial. The.Commission,.tossed.on.the.horns.of.a.dilemma.from.the.outset,.realized.that.there.were.conflicting. guidelines.in.the.terms.of.reference..In.particular,.subsections.2(c).and.2(d).became.the.source.of. much.anguish..And.use.of.the.term.notwithstanding.did.not.clarify.the.issue..I,.personally,.struggled. with.the.reference.to.the..25%.variance.factor. Two.letters.enlightened.me..(Copies.of.these.letters.were.attached.to.the.brief.presented.by.the. Clare.Municipality.to.the.Commission.on.August.14,.2012,.at.its.public.meeting.in.Church.Point.). One,.dated.January.27,.2012,.was.from.Premier.Dexter.to.Mr..Grard.Thriault..A.second.was.from. former.Finance.Minister.and.Minister.of.Acadian.Affairs.Graham.Steele,.in.response.to.Pre.Maurice. LeBlancs.article.in.Le Courrier de la Nouvelle-cosse.on.February.3,.2012..In.my.understanding,. these.letters.stated.that.the.independent.Commission.could.make.recommendations.that.included.the. two.extremes.of.maintaining.the.status.quo.or.eliminating.the.protected.ridings..I,.of.course,.chose. the.status.quo.option. It.made.a.travesty.of.the.Commissions.legitimate.independent.consultation.when.the. Commissions.recommendation.to.maintain.the.protected.ridings.was.rejected.by.the.Attorney. General.of.Nova.Scotia..The.convoluted.nature.of.the.process.by.which.the.terms.of.reference.for. the.Commission.were.finally.defined.effectively.eliminated.transparency.from.the.process.and,.in. my.view,.discouraged.public.understanding.of,.and.confidence.in,.the.Commissions.role..To.add. insult.to.injury,.the.Final.Report.of.the.Commission.recommends.the.elimination.of.the.existing.four. protected.ridings.by.direct.order.of.the.Attorney.General.on.the.grounds.that.they.are.too.small.. They.were.small.in.1991.and.2001;.small,.in.fact,.since.1836,.when.the.first.Acadian.was.elected.to. the.Nova.Scotia.House.of.Assembly.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Did.the.Attorney.General.have.the.mandate,.at.that.time,.to.reject.or.accept.the.first.report?.The.final. term.of.reference.stipulates.that.for.greater.clarity.the.Commission.is.bound.by.Section.5,.subsections. 5(4).and.5(5),.of.the.House.of.Assembly.Act: (4) The commission shall prepare, for approval by the House, a report recommending the boundaries and names for the electoral districts comprising the House. (5) The terms of reference of the commission shall provide that: (a) the commission is broadly representative of the population of the Province; (b) the commission prepare a preliminary report and hold public hearings prior to preparing the preliminary report; and (c) following the preparation of the preliminary report the commission hold further public hearings prior to preparing its final report. (House of Assembly Act, RSNS 1989 (1992 Supp, c 1) Nowhere.in.Section.5.of.the.act.does.it.state.that.at.any.point.during.the.proceedings.of.the.independent. Commission.that.an.arbitrary.ministerial.ruling.may.be.made.that.would,.in.fact,.prematurely.set.the.only. possible.outcome.and.circumvent.the.recommendations.of.the.Commission.before.it.had.completed.its. task!.The.stated.procedure.is.this: (6) The final report of the commission shall be laid before the House, if the House is sitting, and the Premier, or the Premiers designate, shall table the report in the House on the next sitting day. (7) If the House is not sitting when the final report of the commission is completed, the final report shall be filed with the Clerk of the House and the Premier, or the Premiers designate, shall table the final report in the House within ten days after the House next sits. (8) Within ten sitting days after the final report of the commission is tabled in the House pursuant to subsection (6) or (7), the Government shall introduce legislation to implement the recommendations contained in the final report of the commission. (R.S. 1992 Supp., c1, s. 5, c 34, s. 2.) The.previous.(2001).Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.had.terms.of.reference.similar.to.the.current. review,.including.the.25.per.cent.variance.factor,.but.was.permitted.to.recommend.that.the.minority. representation.be.exempt.from.that.numeric.requirement,.based.on.an.extraordinary.circumstances. clause,.which.was.the.desire.to.promote.minority.representation.by.Nova.Scotias.Acadian.and.Black. communities..(Just Boundaries: Recommendations for Effective Representation for the People of

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

11

Nova Scotia..August 2002, p..13)..After.studying.the.Supreme.Court.decision.in.the.Carter.case.[Reference re Prov. Electoral Boundaries (Sask.), 1991],.they.discussed.the.issue.at.length.and.concurred.that.the. principle.of.effective.representation.......comprises.many.factors,.of.which.equity.is.but.one..Another.key. phrase.from.that.landmark.decision.with.relevance.to.the.current.Nova.Scotia.dilemma.is.this.one: Effective representation and good government in this country compel that factors other than voter parity, such as geography and community interests, be taken into account in setting electoral boundaries. Departures from the Canadian ideal of effective representation, where they exist, will be found to violate s. 3 of the Charter. As.Acadians,.we.are.in.danger.of.losing.our.identity..It.is.a.daily.struggle.for.each.and.every.one.of.us. to.be.fully.Acadian..The.French.Acadian.language,.a.beautiful.and.gentle.language.with.a.direct.link.to. the.langue de Molire,.is.in.peril..Expulsion,.assimilation,.and.now.the.threat.of.losing.our.voice.in.the. Nova.Scotia.House.of.Assembly.leads.me.to.believe.that.the.slow.and.painful.extinction.of.the.Acadian. people.is.in.the.works. The.Acadian.constituencies.are.much.more.than.an.enclos.where.ballots.are.counted.on.election.day.. They.have.become.a.proud.and.patent.symbol,.geographically.and.politically,.of.the.significant.Acadian. historical.and.cultural.presence.in.Nova.Scotia..These.ridings.are.the.places.Acadian.citizens.call.home;. where.their.language.is.spoken.and.their.traditions.practised..They.are.also.the.bases.for.securing. and.sustaining.social.and.economic.prosperity..This.vital.cornerstone.of.resilience.over.adversity. cannot.be.dismissed.lightly..What.I.heard,.saw,.and.read.in.relation.to.our.work.on.the.Commission. over.the.period.from.January.2012.to.the.present.convinces.me.that.the.Commission.was.justified.in. recommending.in.the.Interim.Report.the.continued.protection.of.the.minority.ridings. Are.we.to.accept.that.the.outcome.for.sustaining.protected.ridings.does.not.rest.in.the.hands.of.the. citizens.of.Nova.Scotia,.or.those.with.special.expertise.in.these.matters,.or.indeed.with.the.citizen. members.of.the.Commission?.The.legislated.protection.was.granted.for.valid.reasons.and.requires. considerably.more.in-depth.study.and.review.than.this.process.allowed..No.explanation.has.been.given. for.decreeing.elimination,.and.not.one.of.the.many.public.presenters.suggested.that.it.would.be.of.any. benefit.to.their.constituencies.to.have.the.minority.ridings.eliminated..The.citizens.are.the.only.rightful. source.of.political.power,.and.they.made.their.wishes.known..So.did.the.members.of.an.independent. public.commission..It.appears.that.the.answers.will.now.descend.from.the.hard.realm.of.political. calculation.and.action,.where.many.sparrows.fall..The.heavy-handed.intervention.by.the.Attorney. General.represents,.for.me,.a.dark.day.in.the.history.of.Nova.Scotia,.especially.for.the.Acadians..The. many.relevant.substantive.issues.have.not.been.addressed..True.democracy.is.not.served.in.the.presence. of.oppression.of.minorities.by.the.majority. I.cannot.comprehend.that.the.long-standing.rationale.for.protected.ridings.in.Nova.Scotia.is.so. completely.misunderstood.and.disrespected.by.the.government.that.elimination.was.initiated.by.the.

12

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

simple.stroke.of.a.pen,.which.established.the.so-called.independent.Commission,.during.the.2011. Christmas.holidays..The.requirement.for.absolute.adherence.to.the.25.per.cent.notwithstanding.clause. was.a.top-down.decision.made.behind.closed.doors,.in.a.scenario.that.discouraged.public.scrutiny. and.appreciation.of.the.complex.issues.at.stake..Has.political.will.become.so.degraded.that.it.can.be. controlled.by.first-past-the-post.leaders.and.fed.by.perceptions.churned.out.by.spin.doctors? Some.background.information.on.effective.representation.should.be.looked.at..One.point.to.be.studied. is.raised.in.the.following.quotation.from.the.distinguished.academic.Dr..John.C..Courtney: Is it a coincidence that the concept of effective representation came along and was taken up in various quarters at roughly the same time that prevailing conceptions of representation and citizenship were being challenged by identity groups such as Aboriginals, Acadians, and Nova Scotian Blacks? Almost certainly not. Their claim to representation in an elected assembly rested on the premise that they could most adequately be represented by members of their own group. In this sense, what was being argued was precisely the blending of districts constructed in a certain fashion and the subsequent representation of their constituents . . . Implicit in their argument was the recognition that effective representation brings together both elements of differentiated citizenship as it applies to electoral district that is, who is entitled to vote in specially designed ridings and what is expected after the vote in terms of representing the interests of the constituents. In Carter, the Supreme Court of Canada signalled its acceptance of something amounting to a politics of difference. According to the court, relative parity of voter power could be tempered by minority representation and effective representation when the application of those concepts was justified on the grounds of contributing to better government. Commissioned Ridings: Designing Canadas Electoral Districts (2001), p. 246 Governments.come.and.go;.politicians.come.and.go..On.the.other.hand,.Nova.Scotia.is.more.than.a. political.construct..Its.history.is.deeply.rooted.in.the.soil.and.toil.of.lAcadie.since.the.17th.century.. Rejection.of.protected.ridings.will.have.far-reaching.consequences.that.I.dare.say.will.negatively.affect. the.political.and.social.landscape.of.Nova.Scotia.for.generations.to.come. Against.my.better.judgment,.I.participated.in.the.exercise.of.writing.a.revised.interim.report,.knowing. full.well.it.wouldnt.protect.existing.protected.minority.representation..It.was.a.mistake.to.think.we. could.adequately.address.the.conundrum.imposed.by.guidelines.2(c).and.2(d).in.submitting.a.revised. interim.report..The.public.outcry,.predominantly.in.the.Southwest.Nova.Scotia.ridings,.demonstrated.that. the.revised.interim.report.did.not.reflect.the.will.of.the.people..The.decree.by.the.Attorney.General.left. no.middle.ground.for.compromise..Any.trade-off.suggested.or.accepted.by.the.citizens.in.the.protected. ridings.would.effectively.condone.the.disappearance.of.their.ridings,.and.would.not.be.compromise.but. political.suicide.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

13

I.honestly.submit.that.if.this.perceived.abuse.of.the.impartial,.non-partisan.electoral.boundary.review. process.continues.unchecked,.it.will.require.full-scale.parliamentary.reform.to.get.it.back.on.track. In.closing,.I.again.make.reference.to.the.words.of.author.John.C..Courtney,.who.in.his.book. Commissioned Ridings: Designing Canadas Electoral Districts.was.helpful.in.my.understanding.of. the.issues.related.to.boundary.review..I.quote.a.passage.that.summarizes.well.my.frame.of.mind.as.I. write.this.dissenting.position.from.the.other.Commission.members..Courtney.states: The uniqueness of Canadas process of readjusting electoral boundaries is an obvious and consistent theme in the court decisions. That is also true of the value that the courts have attached to the concepts of effective representation and relative parity of voting power. Both of those principles have, through the courts generous interpretation of the charters guarantee of the right to vote, emerged in little more than a decade as basic to designing constituencies in Canada. (p. 152) Finally,.my.conscience.and.my.judgment.will.not.allow.me.to.recommend.the.elimination.of.the.protected. constituencies..I.therefore.dissent.from.the.other.Commission.members.who.felt.legally.compelled.to. recommend.the.elimination.of.the.three.protected.Acadian.constituencies.in.the.Final.Report. I.formally.and.firmly.stand.by.the.recommendation.in.the.Commissions.Interim.Report.to.maintain.the. constituencies.of.Clare,.Argyle,.Preston,.and.Richmond.as.they.are.presently.designed.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Electoral Redistribution in Nova Scotia:


Key Issues and Challenges
The.electoral.redistribution.process,.undertaken.in.Nova.Scotia.by.independent.electoral.boundary. commissions.since.1992,.is.fraught.with.a.number.of.challenges,.some.of.which.are.unique.to.Nova. Scotia.while.others.are.of.a.more.general.nature. The.general.purpose.of.redrawing.electoral.boundaries.is.to.ensure.that.political.constituencies. continue.to.reflect.the.constitutional.right.of.all.citizens.to.effective.representation.in.the.legislature.. This.includes.the.principle.of.relative.parity.of.voting.power,.but.this.is.not.the.only.factor.to.be.taken. into.account.in.ensuring.effective.representation..On.this.matter,.it.is.worth.quoting.from.the.Supreme. Courts.decision.in.the.Carter.case.(1991). Notwithstanding the fact that the value of a citizens vote should not be unduly diluted, it is a practical fact that effective representation often cannot be achieved without taking into account countervailing factors. First, absolute parity is impossible. It is impossible to draw boundary lines which guarantee exactly the same number of voters in each district . . . Secondly, such relative parity as may be possible of achievement may prove undesirable because it has the effect of detracting from the primary goal of effective representation. Factors like geography, community history, community interests and minority representation may need to be taken into account to ensure that our legislative assemblies effectively represent the diversity of our social mosaic. These are but examples of considerations which may justify departure from absolute voter parity in the pursuit of more effective representation; the list is not closed . . . Respect for individual dignity and social equality mandate that citizens votes not be unduly debased or diluted. But the need to recognize cultural and group identity and to enhance the participation of individuals in the electoral process and society requires that other concerns also be accommodated . . . (excerpted from pages 817 of the Supreme Courts Carter decision, re Provincial Electoral Boundaries (Sask.), [1991] 2 S.C.R. 158) In.terms.of.factors.unique.to.the.province,.its.particular.geography.and.the.dispersion.of.its.population. across.that.geography.are.key.challenges.faced.by.the.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission..Nova. Scotia.is.a.peninsular.province.with.a.major.island.at.its.northeastern-most.extension..As.a.result,. it.has.a.very.long.coastline.near.which.most.of.the.population.resides,.although.very.unevenly.with. long.expanses.of.coastline.that.are.relatively.unpopulated..This.is.true.as.well.for.large.areas.of.the. interior.of.the.province,.particularly.in.its.southwestern.and.northeastern.portions..Most.rural.areas. of.Nova.Scotia.have.experienced.population.decline.over.the.past.several.decades,.as.has.Cape.Breton. Regional.Municipality..However,.significant.population.growth.has.occurred.in.the.greater.Halifax. area..The.provinces.geography.and.settlement.pattern,.the.long-term.population.decline.of.many.rural. communities,.and.the.greater.concentration.of.population.in.the.provinces.main.urban.area.(HRM). suggests.the.necessity.for.some.seat.redistribution,.while.working.within.the.constraints.imposed.by.the. geographic.dispersion.of.population.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

15

Another.important.set.of.factors.in.the.redistribution.process.is.community history, interest, and identity..Nova.Scotia.communities.have.deep.historical.roots,.most.dating.back.to.the.18th.and.early. 19th.centuries..Community.identities.are.further.reinforced.by.immigration.and.settlement.patterns.that. often.had.a.distinctive.ethno-religious.dimension,.and.for.most.of.the.province,.relatively.little.by.way.of. more.recent.waves.of.immigration..This.strong.sense.of.distinctive.community.identity.and.interest.has. been.compounded.by.the.relative.geographic.isolation.of.many.rural.locales.and.the.resource-based. nature.of.their.economies..As.well,.unlike.the.case.for.many.provinces,.these.communities.have.enjoyed. a.long.and.robust.tradition.of.autonomous.local.government.at.the.county.and.municipal.level.that. extends.back.to.the.colonial.era.before.Confederation..These.deeply.rooted.communities.of.interest.and. identity.are.an.important.part.of.Nova.Scotias.heritage.as.well.as.its.current.political.reality,.and.they. should.be.recognized.to.the.greatest.extent.possible.in.the.boundary.redrawing.process. Last.but.certainly.not.least,.ensuring.effective.representation.while.accommodating.a.concern.for. cultural diversity and minority representation is.an.important.consideration,.one.that.is.made.more. difficult.by.the.fragmented.territorial.dispersal.of.key.minority.populations..In.the.context.of.the.simple. plurality.(first-past-the-post).electoral.system.used.throughout.Canada.that.groups.electors.into.singlemember.constituencies,.minorities.that.are.widely.dispersed.rather.than.territorially.concentrated.are. at.risk.of.political.under-representation.(in.terms.of.having.one.of.their.number.elected.to.office)..Of. particular.note.in.Nova.Scotia.is.that.its.historic.French-speaking.Acadian.population.is.concentrated.in. a.number.of.rural.communities.located.at.the.geographic.extremities.of.the.province..Also,.its.African. Nova.Scotian.community,.which.itself.dates.back.to.the.origins.of.the.province.in.the.18th.century,.is. widely.dispersed,.though.in.relative.terms.there.is.a.concentration.of.population.in.and.around.the.area. of.Preston,.on.the.Dartmouth.side.of.Halifax.Harbour.

Voter Parity versus Effective Representation


The.relative.parity.of.voting.power.of.individual.Nova.Scotians,.achieved.through.constituencies.of.equal. size.in.terms.of.the.number.of.electors,.is.an.important.part.of.the.effective.representation.of.all.Nova. Scotians.in.the.legislature..The.Commission.is.recommending.boundary.changes.that.will.ensure.that. Nova.Scotias.electoral.districts.continue.to.adhere.to.this.principle.to.the.extent.possible,.as.described. in.the.Commissions.terms.of.reference..In.this.connection,.despite.the.challenges.posed.by.Nova. Scotias.geography.and.population.distribution,.all.of.the.provinces.geographic.regions.fall.within.a. 15.per.cent.variance.from.equal.electoral.population.(see.Table.5:.Existing.and.Proposed.Average.Seat. Entitlement,.by.Region)..Electoral.populations.in.31.constituencies.fall.within.15.per.cent.variance:. 22.constituencies.fall.within.10.per.cent.variance..In.some.instances,.achieving.greater.voter.parity. required.crossing.municipal.or.county.boundaries. However,.a.number.of.proposed.constituencies.fall.within.the.higher.range.of.variance.from.parity. (>15.per.cent).that.is.allowable.under.the.terms.of.reference..Those.that.fall.below.15.per.cent.tend.

16

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

to.be.geographically.large.and.sparsely.populated.rural.constituencies,.while.those.above.+15.per.cent. are.more.compact.and.densely.populated.urban.districts..[Note: exceptions to this generalization are the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) constituencies of Hammonds Plains-Lucasville, where for reasons of geography, community of interest and identity, and the virtual certainty of continued rapid growth, the Commission drew boundaries that left this district at 23 per cent, and Dartmouth-Preston, where elector numbers are low for reasons of sensitivity to cultural diversity and minority representation.].Based.on.its.own.assessment.of.the.requirements.for.effective. representation.in.each.district.(using.the.various.factors.discussed.above),.as.well.as.submissions.to.the. Commission.through.its.public.consultation.process,.the.Commission.has.used.the.maximum.allowable. variance.from.voter.parity.where.this.was.clearly.required.to.ensure.effective.representation.for.the. affected.population. Ruralurban.differences.was.the.concern.that.arose.most.often.in.both.the.Commissions.analysis.and. in.the.public.consultation.process,.particularly.with.regard.to.the.physical.distance.that.many.elected. rural.representatives.had.to.travel.to.effectively.represent.their.constituents.(or,.conversely,.that.their. constituents.had.to.travel.to.access.their.representatives)..A.second.major.difference.concerned.the. greater.scope.of.representation.required.of.rural.members.of.the.legislature,.especially.regarding.the. issue.of.road.repairs.and.other.public.services.that.tend.to.be.provided.by.municipal.governments.in. urban.areas..As.a.result,.the.Commission.has.erred.on.the.side.of.somewhat.higher.numbers.of.electors. in.urban.districts.and.somewhat.lower.numbers.in.rural.areas..Yet.it.should.be.noted.that.where.factors. such.as.geography.and.community.interest.and.identity.suggested.only.minor.or.no.deviance.from.voter. parity,.the.proposed.electoral.boundaries.of.both.rural.and.urban.constituencies.reflect.this.congruence. As.well,.given.the.weight.of.public.input,.and.after.much.deliberation,.the.Commission.adopted.the. position.that.it.would.not.attempt.to.systematically.build-in.or.anticipate.future.population.changes. in.the.electoral.redistribution.process.(though.consideration.was.made.in.the.case.of.Hammonds. Plains-Lucasville,.as.noted.earlier)..Its.proposed.boundaries.are.based.solely.on.population.statistics. drawn.from.the.2011.census..While.this.is.likely.to.continue.the.long-standing.situation.whereby.the. distribution.of.provincial.electoral.districts.tends.to.lag.somewhat.behind.actual.population.movements. within.the.province,.the.Commission.is.of.the.opinion.that.this.modest.delay.in.translating.population. movement.to.seat.redistribution.is.warranted..It.helps.to.cushion.the.long-term.shift.of.population.and. political.representation.from.rural.to.urban.areas.that.is.an.almost.universal.phenomenon,.happening. not.only.in.Nova.Scotia.but.throughout.Canada.and.the.world.

Number of Seats in the House of Assembly


The.Commission.considered.whether,.and.to.what.extent,.a.reduction.in.seats.would.be.practical.from. a.political,.administrative,.and.geographic.perspective..It.was.cognizant.of.the.central.importance.of. effective.political.representation.and.mindful.of.the.demands.of.the.Westminster.parliamentary.system.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

17

in.terms.of.providing.sufficient.numbers.of.members.to.draw.upon.in.order.to.make.possible.the. formation.of.a.capable.government.and.an.adequate.opposition..It.also.took.into.account.that.significant. seat.reduction.would.see.some.rural.constituencies.becoming.more.unwieldy.in.terms.of.geographic. size.and.raise.concerns.about.fair.and.effective.representation. There.were.a.number.of.presentations.to.the.Commission.advocating.a.reduction.in.the.number.of.seats. in.the.House.of.Assembly.(though.even.more.expressed.satisfaction.with.the.current.number.of.seats).. Many.of.them.made.reference.to.the.reduction.in.HRM.council.seats.recently.mandated.by.the.Nova. Scotia.Utility.and.Review.Board.(UARB)..They.argued.that.this.should.be.a.model.or.template.followed. by.the.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.and.applied.to.all.of.Nova.Scotia..After.the.reduction.in.HRM. municipal.districts.from.23.to.16,.the.average.number.of.electors.is.18,778..If.this.were.the.average.for. all.provincial.constituencies,.the.total.number.of.provincial.electoral.districts.would.be.43,.a.reduction. of.9.from.the.current.52..One.rationale.offered.by.proponents.for.a.reduction.in.seats.was.that.it.makes. sense.to.use.the.same.boundaries.for.all.levels.of.government.(though.this.would.apply.only.to.Halifax).. However,.the.most.common.reason.advanced.for.fewer.seats.was.the.notion.that.this.would.reduce.the. size.of.government,.which.was.seen.to.be.either.a.good.thing.in.itself,.or.because.it.would.lessen.the. burden.on.taxpayers..The.Commission.considered.all.of.these.points.but.remained.unconvinced.that. they.were.of.sufficient.concern.or.validity.to.justify.a.recommendation.to.significantly.reduce.the.number. of.legislators.in.the.House.of.Assembly. While.the.reduction.in.the.size.of.both.the.HRM.and.CBRM.(Cape.Breton.Regional.Municipality). municipal.councils.is.consistent.with.the.goal.of.good.governance,.given.the.structure.and.processes. of.municipal.government,.these.considerations.are.very.different.for.the.provincial.legislature..Canada. by.most.measures.is.the.most.decentralized.federationwith.the.most.powerful,.sovereign,.and. autonomous.sub-national.governmentsamong.all.OECD.(developed).countries..This.is.reflected. in.the.unusually.broad.scope.of.the.jurisdiction.wielded.by.its.provinces.(including.responsibility.for. municipalities)..Because.the.province.is.the.level.of.government.primarily.responsible.for.providing. most.public.and.social.services.to.Nova.Scotians,.it.is.crucial.that.electors.have.representation.in.the. legislature.that.is.adequate.to.the.needs.of.Nova.Scotias.parliamentary.form.of.democracy..In.particular,. Nova.Scotians.must.have.the.capacity.to.hold.their.government.accountable.for.its.policies,.programs,. and.governance.practices..This.is.the.essence.of.the.effective.representation.that.the.Supreme.Court.of. Canada.identifies.as.the.right.of.all.Canadian.citizens. While.the.Commission.respects.the.views.of.those.who.argued.that.fewer.elected.representatives. would.not.detract.from.effective.representation.for.Nova.Scotians,.it.does.not.share.this.point.of.view.. Furthermore,.no.submission.on.this.issue.demonstrated.that.the.cost.benefit.to.be.derived.from.fewer. representatives.in.the.legislature.justified.the.reduced.representation.that.would.be.entailed..In.fact,. the.actual.cost.of.maintaining.a.legislator,.relative.to.the.overall.cost.of.government,.is.vanishingly. small..Also.of.concern.to.the.Commission.was.the.tendency.to.conflate.or.equate.the.legislature.with. government,.as.some.submissions.advocating.reduced.seats.tended.to.do..This.essentially.confuses. two.distinctly.different.parts.of.the.political.system.that.serve.different.purposes.in.a.democracy..The.

18

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

legislature.is.not.part.of.the.government,.but.instead.the.main.means.available.to.the.people.to.exert. popular.influence.or.control.over.the.political.executive.(Premier.and.cabinet),.who.in.turn.are.charged. with.managing.the.government,.comprising.mainly.the.various.bureaucratic.and.administrative.agencies. of.the.state. The.Commission.concluded.that.no.significant.reduction.in.the.number.of.seats.in.the.House.of. Assembly.is.warranted.and.that.any.recommendation.on.its.part.to.do.so.would.seriously.compromise. the.capacity.of.the.legislature.to.provide.effective.representation.to.all.Nova.Scotians.

Minority Representation and Protected Constituencies


The.problem.of.ensuring.effective.representation.for.minority.populations.that.are.not.territorially. concentrated.is.a.vexing.one..Indeed,.the.working.of.the.electoral.system.makes.it.unlikely.that. a.territorially.fragmented.minority.population.(such.as.the.Acadians.or.African.Nova.Scotians). will.succeed.in.electing.one.of.their.community.members.to.represent.them.in.the.legislature..As. previously.indicated,.to.some.extent.this.bias.in.the.electoral.system.was.overcome.in.Nova.Scotia. (at.least.over.the.past.20.years).by.protecting.selected.ridings.from.redistribution.based.on.voter. parity.in.order.to.encourage.minority.representation.in.the.legislature..Under.its.legally.binding. terms.of.reference,.the.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.is.no.longer.able.to.maintain.this.special. dispensation.for.four.protected.constituencies..Given.this.reality,.are.there.alternative.ways.to.address. the.representation.needs.of.the.special.populations.that.have.been.protected.in.the.last.two.boundary. drawing.exercises? Four Administrative Districts One.means.suggested.to.the.Commission.as.a.way.to.ensure.representation.in.the.legislature.for.the. Acadian.and.African.Nova.Scotian.minorities.is.the.idea.of.at-large.seats.or.administrative.districts. to.be.determined.by.ballots.cast.from.separate.voter.lists..Acadian.and.African.Nova.Scotian.voters. would.have.a.choice:.they.could.cast.their.ballot.for.a.constituency.representative.or.vote.for.a.candidate. contesting.one.of.several.designated.at-large.seats..It.was.suggested.to.the.Commission.that.there.be. three.designated.Acadian.seats.(one.each.for.Southwest.Nova.Scotia,.Mainland.Nova.Scotia,.and.Cape. Breton).and.one.African.Nova.Scotian.seat..Accomplishing.this.would.require.the.compilation.of.four. additional.voter.lists,.one.for.each.of.these.designated.seats..It.was.suggested.that.these.be.compiled. through.voluntary.subscription. The.Commission,.after.considering.this.suggestion,.decided.that.it.could.not.positively.recommend. it,.for.several.reasons..The.compilation.of.several.alternative.voter.lists,.the.voluntary.nature.of.voter. subscription.to.these.lists,.and.the.need.to.ensure.no.overlap.between.each.of.these.lists.(as.well.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

19

as.the.general.list).would.present.a.considerable.administrative.burden.and.challenge..Second,. the.voluntary.nature.of.the.lists.and.the.voter.option.to.instead.remain.on.constituency.voter.lists. would.likely.mean.very.small.electorates.for.these.seats.relative.to.the.average.number.of.electors. in.constituencies,.even.compared.to.the.number.of.electors.in.the.four.currently.protected.ridings.. As.well,.removing.some.or.most.minority.voters.from.their.territorial.constituencies.would.virtually. guarantee.that.that.those.constituencies.would.return.a.non-minority.representative,.who.would. be.elected.by.a.reduced.(perhaps.significantly.so).number.of.electors..Indeed,.it.is.possible.that. both.certain.territorial.constituencies.and.the.at-large.ridings.would.have.fewer.than.the.required. minimum.number.of.electors..Third,.this.proposal.would.require.increasing.the.number.of.seats.in. the.legislature.above.the.maximum.of.52.as.directed.in.the.Commissions.terms.of.reference..Fourth,. the.non-exclusivity.of.legislative.representation.that.would.inevitably.result.from.four.at-large.seats. would.mean.that.some.voters.would.enjoy.a.form.of.double.representation.in.the.legislature,.since. voters.for.these.seats.also.would.continue.to.reside.in.one.of.the.non-designated.constituencies. represented.by.an.elected.MLA. Finally,.there.was.a.general.concern.on.the.part.of.Commissioners.that.departing.from.the.parliamentary. tradition.of.territorially.based.representation.might.have.unforeseen.consequences.for.the.effective. functioning.of.the.legislature..Under.some.circumstances,.it.could.raise.questions.about.the.legitimacy. of.the.designated.seat-holders.to.speak.on.behalf.of.the.communities.they.claimed.to.represent..It.could. stimulate.demands.from.other.groups.not.so.favoured,.that.they.too.should.have.their.specific.group. interest.and.identity.represented.in.the.legislature..Representative.democracy.as.practised.in.Nova.Scotia. has.been.based.on.the.principle.that.elected.members.of.the.legislative.assembly.have.the.mandate.and. responsibility.to.represent.all.their.constituents,.without.bias.or.prejudice.based.on.political,.cultural,. racial,.or.other.differentiating.characteristics..While.this.form.of.representation.certainly.has.not.been. without.flaws.in.its.operation,.at.this.time.the.Commission.is.not.willing.to.recommend.an.alternative. basis.of.political.representation.in.the.Legislative.Assembly. A Designated Acadian Seat The.history.of.the.Acadians.is.one.of.the.great.stories.of.tragedy.and.redemption.in.western.civilization.. Their.expulsion.from.Nova.Scotia.from.1755.to.1760.(le.Grand.Drangement).was.one.of.the.early. instances.of.ethnic.cleansing.in.the.western.world..Acadians.were.deprived.of.their.homes.and. property,.families.were.rent.asunder,.and.many.lives.were.lost.during.transit.to.regions.far.from.the. Acadian.homeland..That.some.Acadians.were.able.to.return.and.re-establish.themselves.as.minority. communities.in.Nova.Scotia.and.New.Brunswick,.against.improbable.odds,.has.become.the.central. touchstone.of.Acadian.history.and.identity..Nova.Scotian.Acadians.today.represent.not.only.the. remnants.of.the.Acadian.diaspora.returned.to.the.region,.but.an.internal.diaspora.as.well,.forced.into. a.fragmented.and.peripheralized.geography.of.settlement.within.the.province.by.the.alienation.of.their. ancestral.lands.and.by.their.marginalized.political.status..This.diasporic.geography.is.particularly.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

unsuited.to.effective.political.representation.in.the.House.of.Assembly.under.the.first-past-thepost.electoral.system..So,.while.in.New.Brunswick.their.greater.numbers.and.relative.geographic. concentration.has.enabled.the.Acadian.community.to.attain.a.political,.cultural,.and.linguistic.status.of. equality.with.the.anglophone.majority,.in.their.traditional.homeland.of.Nova.Scotiaagain.because.of. numbers.and.geographythey.are.today.poised.on.the.knife-edge.of.assimilation. Considered.in.this.context,.the.loss.of.the.protected.Acadian.seats.can.be.perceived.as.a.further. reduction.in.the.means.and.instruments.available.to.Nova.Scotias.Acadians.to.protect.their.fragile. linguistic.and.cultural.position.within.the.province..Under.these.circumstances,.some.compensatory. measure.to.ensure.French-speaking,.Acadian.representation.in.the.legislature.seems.both.reasonable. and.appropriate..The.problem.is.the.difficulty.of.accomplishing.this.within.the.Boundary.Commissions. terms.of.reference,.which.forbid.the.small.districts.(a.form.of.affirmative.gerrymandering).that.over.the. past.20.years.made.the.three.protected.Acadian.seats.possible. A.modest.alternative,.though.not.unproblematic,.would.be.for.the.Nova.Scotia.Legislature.to.designate. a.single.seat.in.the.House.of.Assembly.to.be.chosen.by.using.the.existing.balloting.procedures.for.the. election.of.members.to.the.Acadian.school.board,.the.Conseil.scolaire.acadien.provincial.(CSAP)..Voters. who.already.self-identify.as.Acadians/French-speakers.in.order.to.elect.members.of.the.province-wide. school.board.would.simultaneously.constitute.the.electorate.for.this.designated.seat.in.the.House.of. Assembly..In.effect,.a.new.provincial.constituency.would.be.created.that.would.constitute.the.52nd.seat. in.the.legislature,.consistent.with.the.limits.imposed.by.the.terms.of.reference..The.individual.chosen. to.represent.this.52nd.electoral.district.would.have.the.same.voting.rights.and.privileges.as.the.other. elected.members.of.the.legislature..Presumably,.candidates.from.each.of.the.major.political.parties,.as. well.as.independent.candidates,.would.contest.this.seat. While.this.proposal.would.satisfy.some.of.the.legitimate.representational.concerns.and.clear.some.of. the.present.legal.obstacles.that.hinder.the.previous.proposal.for.four.administrative.districts,.there.is. still.a.reasonable.objection.that.can.be.raised.on.voter.equality.grounds:.since.electors.would.have.the. option.to.cast.a.ballot.in.both.the.general.election.and.the.CSAP.electoral.process,.they.effectively.would. exercise.a.double.franchise.by.participating.in.the.election.of.two.different.MLAs..It.should.be.noted,. however,.that.in.voter.parity.terms,.the.weight.of.a.ballot.for.the.provincial.Acadian.seat.would.be. less.than.the.equivalent.of.a.second.vote..With.approximately.35,000.Nova.Scotians.who.claim.French. as.their.home.language,.any.ballot.cast.in.a.single,.province-wide.Acadian.electoral.district.would.have. approximately.one-third.the.weight.of.a.regular.constituency.ballot..This.additional.voting.weight.could. be.viewed.as.a.form.of.political.insurance.for.Acadians,.since.it.would.guarantee.them.a.minimum. of.one.distinctively.Acadian.voice.in.the.legislature..Further,.it.would.recognize.the.shared.cultural.and. linguistic.concerns.of.all.Acadians.and.minority.French-speakers,.regardless.of.where.they.live.in.the. province..Finally,.in.a.modest.way.it.would.constitute.symbolic.recognition.of.the.unique.and.important. place.of.the.Acadian.people.in.the.history.of.Nova.Scotia,.the.province.that.is.their.ancestral.homeland. and.the.cradle.of.Acadian.culture.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

21

Recommendation
Problems and reasonable objections remain even with this more limited proposal. Within the Commission, there was not full agreement about its merit. Since special legislation would have to be passed to enact it (or any other proposal of a similar nature), the Commission suggests that the House of Assembly take it under advisement in order to air and debate the various issues more fully. The Commission is also of the opinion that the legislature should establish a process for consulting with key minority groups, in particular the Acadian and African Nova Scotian communities, for the purpose of determining alternative means for achieving fair and effective minority representation in the House of Assembly.

Electoral System Reform


Though.it.is.not.part.of.the.Commissions.mandate.to.study.electoral.reform.or.to.recommend.changes. to.the.current.electoral.system,.there.were.a.number.of.submissions.on.this.topic.in.the.public. consultation.process..Reforming.the.first-past-the-post.(FPTP).electoral.system.was.suggested.as.a. means.of.improving.Nova.Scotias.representative.democracy,.by.more.accurately.translating.voter. preferences.into.seats.in.the.legislature..The.distortions.introduced.by.the.current.system,.whereby.only. one.member.can.be.elected.per.constituency,.with.no.allowance.made.for.popular.vote.totals,.can.be.a. disincentive.to.political.participation..This.happens.because.all.votes.for.losing.candidates.are,.in.effect,. thrown.out,.and.only.those.cast.for.the.winning.candidate.in.each.riding.count.in.terms.of.electing. a.representative..Some.element.of.proportional.representation.is.recommended.as.a.means.to.make. every.vote.count. Another.rationale.for.electoral.system.reform.concerns.the.difficulty.of.ensuring.minority.representation. under.the.FPTP.system..As.noted.above,.this.has.become.clear.in.the.current.electoral.redistribution. process.with.regard.to.Acadian.and.African.Nova.Scotian.representation..The.same.point.could.be.made. for.the.small.number.of.women.elected.to.the.legislature..Comparative.literature.on.this.topic.clearly. shows.that.political.systems.using.some.form.of.proportional.representation.perform.better.than.FPTP. systems.in.terms.of.minority.and.female.representation.in.elected.legislatures..The.use.of.party.lists,. quotas,.designated.seats,.and.other.mechanisms.in.proportional.systems.largely.accounts.for.these. differences..As.well,.the.dynamics.of.the.system,.which.tend.toward.coalition.building,.would.promote. more.co-operation.and.accommodation.among.parties.in.terms.of.the.legislative.agenda. There.appear.to.be.significant.democratic.benefits.to.be.gained.from.incorporating.some.measure.of. proportional.representation.into.the.current.FPTP.electoral.system..This.no.doubt.explains.why.this.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

option.has.been.recommended.by.commissions.and.assemblies.in.a.number.of.provinces.over.the.past. decade..The.most.popular.recommendation.in.Canada.has.been.to.replace.the.FPTP.electoral.system. with.some.form.of.mixed-member.proportional.(MMP).system,.which.combines.some.of.the.advantages. of.the.existing.single-member.constituencies.with.greater.proportionality.

Recommendation
The Commission is aware that the serious consideration and recommendation of alternative electoral systems is beyond its mandate. It is also cognizant that the adoption of a new electoral system represents a dramatic change to one of Nova Scotias key political institutions. It therefore suggests that the Nova Scotia Legislature initiate a process involving both extensive critical examination and public consultation on the current electoral system as well as possible alternatives to it.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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Population and Electoral Data


The.Commission.examined.population.and.electoral.statistics.to.determine.trends.and.changes.over.the. last.decade..The.most.noticeable.trend.was.that.population.is.growing.in.and.around.Halifax.Regional. Municipality.and.declining.essentially.everywhere.else.in.the.province. Seat entitlement.is.a.measure.of.the.relative.parity.of.voting.power.in.a.given.constituency.(see.Table.1).. Seat.entitlement.calculations.vary.depending.on.whether.population.figures.or.the.number.of.electors. are.used..Consistent.with.past.practice,.the.Commission.used.the.number.of.electorsthose.Canadian. citizens.over.the.age.of.18.and.therefore.eligible.to.voteas.the.basis.for.its.distribution.calculations.. and.recommendations. Elections.Nova.Scotia.provided.technical.support,.particularly.through.making.its.GIS.technology. available.to.the.Commission..This.technology.enabled.the.Commission.to.calculate.voter.numbers.in. the.various.redistribution.scenarios.that.were.evaluated.for.the.purpose.of.eliminating.and.narrowing. seat.entitlement.gaps..The.value.of.this.tool.in.providing.fast.and.accurate.results.cannot.be.overstated.. (See.Appendix.K.for.elaboration.on.data.sources.)

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

The Public Consultation Process


The.House.of.Assembly.Act.requires.the.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.to.conduct.two.rounds.of. public.meetings,.before.and.after.preparing.a.preliminary.report..Beginning.in.mid-March,.we.set.out.on. the.first.round.to.visit.13.different.communities.across.the.province..Our.role.was.to.listen.to.concerns. about,.and.proposed.changes.to,.the.current.electoral.boundaries;.to.explain.the.Commissions.terms.of. reference;.and.to.direct.attention.to.key.issues.relating.to.the.terms.of.reference. It.is.not.surprising.that.attendance.and.participation.at.these.meetings.was.highest.where.there.was. concern.about.the.protected.constituencies.and.the.prospect.of.losing.their.established.boundaries..In. other.constituencies,.we.heard.about.difficulties.with.boundary.lines.that.cut.across.communities.of. interest.or.were.otherwise.awkwardly.placed..These.public.contributions.became.part.of.the.material. we.used.to.prepare.our.Interim.Report.(see.Appendix.B,.first.round.public.meeting.schedule,.and. Appendix.I,.summary.of.comments)..A.total.of.130.individuals.made.presentations.during.the.first. round.of.public.meetings. Public.response.to.the.Revised.Interim.Report.during.the.second.round.of.meetings.(nine.in.all). was.considerably.greater..This.time,.there.was.heated.reaction.to.the.changes.we.had.proposed.to. accommodate.population.shifts.and.to.move.boundaries.of.the.four.protected.constituencies.to.bring. their.voter.numbers.up.to.at.least.75.per.cent.of.the.provincial.average..We.met.passion,.enthusiasm,. anger,.and.cynicism..Some.speakers.called.for.fewer.seats;.some.called.for.more..Many.condemned. the.emphasis.on.numbers.and.the.use.of.a.simplistic.arithmetic.exercise.to.meet.relative.parity.of. voting.power..Some.clearly.regarded.us.as.a.Halifax-centred.instrument.of.a.government.out.to.destroy. selected.parts.of.the.province..Often,.we.were.extended.sympathy.for.taking.on.an.impossible.task.. Almost.always,.however,.we.were.in.the.company.of.a.seriously.constructive,.respectful.and.genial.public. interested.in.being.part.of.the.democratic.process.(see.Appendix.C,.second.round.meeting.schedule,. and.Appendix.I,.summary.of.comments)..A.total.of.156.individuals.made.presentations.during.the. second.round.of.public.meetings. Increased.attendance.and.greater.participation.in.the.second.round.of.public.hearings.also.had.the. positive.effect.of.providing.the.Commission.with.new.and.useful.information..We.were.convinced.that. the.results.of.the.first.round.did.not.warrant.the.time.and.cost.of.travelling.across.the.province.to.visit. 13.communities..We.were.not.surprised.by.the.scant.response;.we.couldnt.expect.to.find.high.interest. in.the.process.of.redistributing.electoral.boundaries.if.people.were.unaware.of.a.problem..There.had. to.be.an.immediate.threat.of.unwelcome.change,.or.an.irritant.in.the.current.situation..That.is.what. brought.people.out.in.a.few.communities.for.the.first.round,.and.in.all.locations.for.the.second.round.. They.were.moved.to.strongly.resist.a.proposed.change,.or.to.suggest.an.improvement.in.the.direction. of.proposed.boundary.lines.in.places.they.knew.well..Although.it.was.impossible.for.the.Commission.to. accommodate.all.of.their.concerns,.we.were.left.with.a.rich.store.of.helpful.information.to.consider.for. the.final.placement.of.boundary.lines. Our.experience.with.the.public.consultation.process.prompts.us.to.suggest.a.better.way..Specifically,. an.invitation.to.the.first.round.of.public.hearings.needs.a.commanding.reason.why.the.public.might.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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become.interested.enough.to.respond..We.suggest.that.the.reason.would.be.an.initial.draft.of.proposed. boundary.changes..The.draft.would.be.constructed.by.the.Commission.on.the.basis.of.population.shifts. derived.from.new.census.data,.and.on.its.assigned.terms.of.reference..The.proposed.changes.would. serve.as.a.solid.base.for.public.response.through.the.first.round.of.hearings.and.through.other.means.of. public.input..This.opportunity.would.increase.and.enrich.the.information.available.to.the.Commission.as. it.prepares.an.interim.report..It.would.likely.increase.public.understanding.of.what.is.required.to.ensure. relative.parity.of.voting.power..And.it.would.likely.mean.that.the.second.round.of.hearings/submissions. would.further.refine.information.required.for.a.highly.credible.final.report.on.electoral.boundaries.

Recommendation
The House of Assembly Act determines the method of engaging the public through two rounds of public meetings, before and after preparing a preliminary report. The Commission believes that the consultation process would be strengthened by having a draft of proposed boundary changes made public prior to the first round of public meetings. It therefore suggests that the Nova Scotia Legislature modify the House of Assembly Act requiring a draft of proposed boundary changes be made public by the Boundaries Commission before the first round of public meetings, followed by a preliminary report before the second round of public meetings. Apart.from.the.public.meetings,.we.used.other.means.to.be.open.to.the.public..The.Commissions. website.(http://www.nselectoralboundaries.ca/).provided.basic.information.about.our.purpose.and. procedure,.including.transcripts.of.each.of.the.public.meetings..French.interpretation.services.were. provided.at.both.rounds.of.the.public.meetings.in.Halifax.and.Church.Point./.Pointe-de-lglise.and.at. the.meetings.in.Louisdale,.Port.Hawkesbury,.and.Tusket..As.well,.we.received.close.to.1200.submissions. and.comments.through.e-mails,.posted.mail,.phone.calls.and.personal.delivery.(see.Appendices.F,.G,. and.H.for.lists.of.written.submissions).

26

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Existing Electoral Constituencies

Table 1: 2001 and 2011 Electors and Seat Entitlements for


Constituency Electors (4) Annapolis Antigonish Argyle Bedford-Birch Cove Cape Breton Centre Cape Breton North Cape Breton Nova Cape Breton South Cape Breton West Chester-St. Margarets Clare Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley Colchester North Cole Harbour Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage Cumberland North Cumberland South Dartmouth East Dartmouth North Dartmouth South-Portland Valley Digby-Annapolis Eastern Shore Glace Bay Guysborough-Sheet Harbour Halifax Atlantic Halifax Chebucto Halifax Citadel-Sable Island Halifax Clayton Park Halifax Fairview Halifax Needham Hammonds Plains-Upper Sackville Hants East Hants West Inverness (1) 14,321 14,522 6,718 15,944 12,168 13,825 11,107 14,804 15,026 14,892 7,337 13,649 13,270 15,355 11,477 13,707 11,662 15,279 15,421 15,777 10,860 10,569 13,378 10,383 15,445 15,280 15,755 15,115 15,204 15,847 14,407 15,978 14,485 14,961 2001 Seat Entitlement (1, 3) 1.08 1.09 0.50 1.20 0.91 1.04 0.83 1.11 1.13 1.12 0.55 1.02 1.00 1.15 0.86 1.03 0.88 1.15 1.16 1.18 0.82 0.79 1.00 0.78 1.16 1.15 1.18 1.13 1.14 1.19 1.08 1.20 1.09 1.12 Electors (2) 13,925 14,769 6,419 21,133 11,203 12,612 10,045 15,444 14,399 15,977 6,531 13,640 13,879 15,084 12,710 14,013 10,233 14,608 15,512 19,172 10,004 12,086 12,236 9,100 16,289 14,999 16,593 21,886 15,865 17,057 18,122 17,300 14,650 13,641 2011 Seat Entitlement (3) 1.02 1.08 0.47 1.54 0.82 0.92 0.73 1.13 1.05 1.17 0.48 1.00 1.01 1.10 0.93 1.02 0.75 1.07 1.13 1.40 0.73 0.88 0.89 0.67 1.19 1.10 1.21 1.60 1.16 1.25 1.32 1.26 1.07 1.00

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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Constituency Electors (4) Kings North Kings South Kings West Lunenburg Lunenburg West Pictou Centre Pictou East Pictou West Preston Queens Richmond Sackville-Cobequid Shelburne Timberlea-Prospect Truro-Bible Hill Victoria-The Lakes Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank Yarmouth Total Average (1) 14,742 14,621 14,870 13,782 13,783 13,251 12,069 11,107 7,335 10,534 8,060 14,980 12,371 15,053 14,898 10,413 13,490 13,749 693,040 13,328

2001 Seat Entitlement (1, 3) 1.11 1.10 1.12 1.03 1.03 0.99 0.91 0.83 0.55 0.79 0.60 1.12 0.93 1.13 1.12 0.78 1.01 1.03 52 Electors (2) 15,096 16,099 14,614 13,720 14,380 12,860 11,803 10,886 7,593 9,706 7,192 14,803 11,210 16,662 15,656 8,930 16,312 12,900 711,558 13,684

2011 Seat Entitlement (3) 1.10 1.18 1.07 1.00 1.05 0.94 0.86 0.80 0.55 0.71 0.53 1.08 0.82 1.22 1.14 0.65 1.19 0.94 52

(1).Source:.August.2002.Final.Report.of.the.Provincial.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission. (2).Electors.are.defined.as.Canadian.citizens.18.years.of.age.and.older,.based.on.2011.census.data. (3).Seat.entitlements.(based.on.number.of.electors).are.calculated.by.dividing.the.number.of. electors.in.each.constituency.by.the.provincial.average.of.electors.per.constituency.based.on.52. seats.(e.g.,.711,558/52.=.13,684). (4).Current.constituency.numbers..

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Proposed Electoral Redistribution


Introduction
The.Commission.has.determined.the.following: 1.. There.should.be.51.members.in.the.House.of.Assembly. 2.. One.constituency.should.be.removed.from.Cape.Breton.and.two.from.mainland.Nova.Scotia. 3.. Two.new.constituencies.are.recommended.for.the.Halifax.area.in.order.to.accommodate.growth.in. the.number.of.electors.on.the.western.side.of.the.harbour;.boundary.adjustments.in.the.remaining. constituencies.are.guided,.to.the.extent.possible,.by.the.goal.of.relative.voter.parity. While.the.Commission.was.not.bound.by.county.or.municipal.boundaries.in.the.redistribution. process,.they.have.been.used.where.feasible..The.Commission.has.been.diligent.in.working.with,.and. accommodating,.existing.polling.districts,.as.well.as.using.land.features.such.as.highways.and.water. bodies.that.provide.natural.and.workable.separation.of.population.areas.

Regional Overview
Annapolis Valley The.only.proposed.change.to.the.five.electoral.districts.that.make.up.the.Annapolis.Valley.is.to.expand.the. electoral.district.of.Annapolis.to.include.all.of.Annapolis.County.(excluding.the.Maitland.Bridge.area)..This. was.a.positive.response.to.community.input,.made.possible.by.changes.in.neighbouring.electoral.districts. Cape Breton Island Due.to.population.decline.in.Cape.Breton.over.the.past.ten.years,.significant.boundary.adjustments.are. required..At.present,.three.electoral.districts.in.Cape.Breton.fall.below.the.minimum.number.of.electors. needed.in.order.to.be.within.the.mandatory.district.size.of.25.per.cent.of.the.provincial.average:.Cape. Breton.Nova,.Victoria-The.Lakes,.and.Richmond..In.order.to.bring.all.Cape.Breton.ridings.into.compliance. with.the.allowable.parameters.for.relative.voter.parity.(as.set.out.in.the.Commissions.terms.of.reference),. it.is.proposed.that.the.number.of.seats.allocated.to.the.Cape.Breton.region.is.reduced.by.one. The.major.change.proposed.for.urban.Cape.Breton.is.the.creation.of.the.new.riding.of.Sydney.from. major.portions.of.the.existing.ridings.of.Cape.Breton.South.and.Cape.Breton.Nova..Following.public. consultation,.the.northern.boundary.of.the.proposed.constituency.of.Sydney.is.extended.to.include.the. entire.community.of.Whitney.Pier,.which.is.added.to.the.revised.boundary.of.Cape.Breton.South.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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It.is.proposed.that.the.southwest.boundary.of.Cape.Breton.Centre.be.extended.to.include.the.portion.of. Cape.Breton.Nova.in.the.South.Bar.area.and.the.boundary.of.Cape.Breton.North.be.extended.to.include.the. Westmount.area.(from.Cape.Breton.South),.with.the.proposed.riding.to.be.renamed.Northside-Westmount. It.is.proposed.that.Victoria.the.Lakes.be.expanded.to.include.the.Point.Aconi.and.Northside.East.Bay.areas. It.is.proposed.that.Richmond.be.expanded.south.to.include.the.Town.of.Port.Hawkesbury.(from.Inverness). and.be.expanded.north.into.the.electoral.district.of.Cape.Breton.West,.such.that.the.boundary.between.the. two.districts.becomes.an.east-west.line.along.the.Morley.Road.from.the.Mira.River.to.East.Bay..To.reflect. these.significant.changes,.it.is.proposed.that.the.Richmond.constituency.be.renamed.Cape.Breton-Richmond. The.southern.boundary.of.Cape.Breton.West,.which.borders.Cape.Breton-Richmond,.has.been.redrawn. to.include.all.the.lands.on.the.south.side.of.the.Mira.River,.extending.to.the.Richmond.County.line.. All.of.Grand.Mira.South,.French.Road,.and.Gabarus.would.remain.in.the.constituency.of.Cape.Breton. West..It.would.also.gain.some.additional.areas.on.the.southern.fringes.of.the.former.city.of.Sydney..It.is. proposed.that.Cape.Breton.West.be.renamed.Sydney.River-Mira-Louisbourg. Fundy Northeast The.only.proposed.change.to.the.six.electoral.districts.that.make.up.Fundy.Northeast.is.to.expand. Cumberland.South.into.Cumberland.North..This.is.proposed.so.that.Cumberland.South.would.fall.within. the.25.per.cent.variance. Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) Since.the.last.boundary.review.in.2002,.population.growth.has.continued.to.increase.in.the.Halifax.Regional. Municipality.(HRM)..In.fact,.five.electoral.districts.in.HRMBedford-Birch.Cove,.Dartmouth.South-Portland.Valley,. Halifax.Clayton.Park,.Halifax.Needham,.and.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackvillecurrently.fall.at.or.above.the. maximum.allowable.number.of.electors.to.stay.within.the.mandatory.electoral.district.size.of.25.per.cent.of.the. provincial.average..In.order.to.bring.all.of.the.HRM.constituencies.into.compliance.with.the.allowable.parameters. for.relative.voter.parity,.it.is.proposed.that.the.number.of.seats.allocated.to.HRM.be.increased.by.two..Specifically,. two.new.constituenciesFairview-Clayton.Park.and.Sackvilleare.proposed.to.be.added.to.the.Halifax.area.to. accommodate.for.the.significant.growth.in.the.number.of.electors.on.the.western.side.of.the.harbour. For.the.previously.protected.constituency.of.Preston,.the.Commission.considered.the.impact.that.strict. adherence.to.the.terms.of.reference.will.have.in.attempting.to.achieve.clause.2(d).in.the.Preston.electoral. district.with.limited.options..Following.input.from.the.community,.it.is.proposed.that.the.constituency.extend. westward.into.Dartmouth,.and.be.renamed.Dartmouth-Preston..Proposed.boundary.adjustments.in.the. remaining.constituencies.have.been.guided.by.the.goal.of.relative.voter.parity.to.the.greatest.extent.possible.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Northeastern Nova Scotia It.is.proposed.that.the.five.electoral.districts.in.northeastern.Nova.ScotiaAntigonish,.GuysboroughSheet.Harbour,.and.three.in.Pictou.Countybe.retained..However,.population.decline.in.the. Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.electoral.district.has.left.this.riding.below.the.minimum.threshold.for. relative.voter.parity,.requiring.the.redrawing.of.electoral.boundaries.in.this.region. The.proposed.elimination.of.the.riding.of.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.in.the.Revised.Interim.Report. is.abandoned.for.reasons.of.geography.and.community.of.interest,.and.in.response.to.public.input.. Instead,.it.is.proposed.that.the.southern.boundary.of.the.riding.at.Sheet.Harbour.be.retained.and.the. northern.boundary.extend.into.Antigonish.County.to.include.all.lands.east.of.the.Tracadie.River..It.is. proposed.that.the.new.constituencywhich.includes.Guysborough.County.as.well.as.portions.of.HRM. and.Antigonish.Countybe.renamed.East.Nova. It.is.proposed.that.the.remainder.of.Antigonish.County.(minus.the.portion.east.of.the.Tracadie. River).forms.the.constituency.of.Antigonish..The.constituencies.of.Pictou.East,.Pictou.Centre,.and. Pictou.West.remain.unchanged. As.a.geographic.region,.Northeastern.Nova.Scotia.is.the.furthest.from.voter.parity.(in.terms.of.average. number.of.electors.per.constituency).in.the.province..Its.relatively.low.numbers.reflect.the.geographic. and.demographic.challenge.posed.by.Guysborough.County.and.the.strong.sense.of.community.history,. interest,.and.identity.in.the.Pictou.and.Antigonish.ridings. South Shore The.South.Shore.comprises.three.electoral.districts:.Chester-St..Margarets,.Lunenburg,.and. Lunenburg.West..It.is.proposed.that.no.boundary.changes.will.affect.Lunenburg.and.Chester-St..Margarets. will.see.only.a.minor.adjustment..It.is.proposed.that.Lunenburg.West.expand.west.to.the.Lunenburg. County.line.and.gain.those.parts.of.Lunenburg.County.in.the.existing.electoral.district.of.Queens. Southwest Nova Scotia The.Revised.Interim.Report.left.open.the.manner.in.which.the.boundaries.would.change.in.three.of. the.regions.electoral.districts:.Clare,.Yarmouth,.and.Argyle..It.specified.that.to.meet.the.Commissions. terms.of.reference,.boundary.revision.would.be.necessary.in.the.districts.of.Clare.and.Argyle,.where.the. numbers.of.electors.were.insufficient..The.Revised.Interim.Report,.after.listing.five.ways.whereby.the. necessary.change.might.be.achieved,.proposed.two.of.those.ways:.to.extend.the.boundary.of.Clare.into. Yarmouth.County.and.the.boundary.of.Argyle.into.Yarmouth.town.and.a.southwest.portion.of.Yarmouth. County..These.were.soundly.rejected.through.the.Commissions.public.consultation.processes..The.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

31

remaining.alternatives.were.essentially.disregarded.in.public.submissions..In.short,.all.three.electoral. districts.strongly.opted.to.maintain.the.status.quo. Yet.the.Commission.is.bound.by.the.terms.of.reference.with.respect.to.the.number.of.electors..It. therefore.proposes.the.following.in.this.Final.Report: . That.the.electoral.district.of.Clare.be.merged.with.the.remainder.of.the.County.of.Digby.to.form.a. new.constituency.to.be.named.Clare-Digby. . That.the.electoral.district.of.Yarmouth.be.retained. . That.the.electoral.district.of.Argyle.be.merged.with.the.district.of.Barrington,.including.Cape.Sable. Island,.to.form.a.new.constituency.to.be.named.Argyle-Barrington..The.Argyle-Barrington.eastern. boundary.is.the.Clyde.River. . That.the.electoral.district.of.Shelburne.loses.the.municipal.district.of.Barrington.and.be.merged. with.the.County.of.Queens.to.form.a.new.constituency.to.be.named.Queens-Shelburne. . That.the.electoral.district.of.Queens.lose.those.parts.of.Lunenburg.County.currently.in.its.area.to. the.electoral.district.of.Lunenburg.West.and.will.expand.northerly.into.Annapolis.County.to.include. areas.of.Maitland.Bridge.and.neighbouring.communities..It.is.proposed.that.Queens.will.also.merge. with.Shelburne.to.the.border.of.the.Municipality.of.Barrington.

Proposed Changes to Existing Electoral Boundaries, by Constituency


Note: Names in italics are proposed new constituency names. 1.. Annapolis:.Expands.westward.to.gain.the.Annapolis.County.portion.of.Digby-Annapolis,.north.of. the.Maitland.Bridge.area. 2.. Antigonish:.Loses.the.area.east.of.the.Tracadie.River.to.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.(East Nova). 3.. Argyle:.Gains.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Barrington.and.the.Town.of.Clarks.Harbour.from. the.Electoral.District.of.Shelburne..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Argyle-Barrington. 4.. Bedford-Birch Cove:.Loses.the.Kearney.Lake.area.and.the.majority.of.the.Birch.Cove.area.to. Halifax-Clayton.Park.(Clayton Park West)..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Bedford. 5.. Cape Breton Centre:.Expands.southwest.toward.Sydney,.to.include.South.Bar,.Lingan.Road,.and. part.of.Grand.Lake.Road.areas.from.Cape.Breton.Nova.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

6.. Cape Breton North:.Loses.the.area.west.of.Little.Bras.dOr,.which.includes.Point.Aconi,.to. Victoria-The.Lakes..Expands.southward.to.gain.the.area.north.of.Highway.125,.including.the. Westmount.area,.from.Cape.Breton.South..The.constituency.to.be.renamed.Northside-Westmount. 7.. Cape Breton Nova:.This.constituency.has.been.reallocated.to.Cape.Breton.Centre,.Cape.Breton. West.(Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg),.and.Cape.Breton.South.(Sydney). 8.. Cape Breton South:.Expands.northward.to.include.Sydney.and.Whitney.Pier.area.from.Cape. Breton.Nova..Loses.the.Sydney.River,.Prime.Brook,.and.Mira.Road.areas.to.Cape.Breton.West. (Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg)..West.of.the.Sydney.River,.it.loses.the.Westmount.area.to.Cape. Breton.North.(Northside-Westmount),.and.the.Coxheath.area.to.Cape.Breton.West.(Sydney RiverMira-Louisbourg)..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Sydney. 9.. Cape Breton West:.Gains.Mira.Road,.Sydney.River,.Prime.Brook,.and.Coxheath.areas.from. Cape.Breton.South,.as.well.as.a.section.of.Grand.Lake.Road.area.from.Cape.Breton.Nova..Loses. the.area.northwest.of.East.Bay.to.Victoria-The.Lakes,.and.loses.the.area.southwest.of.the.Portage. and.Sandfield.areas.and.west.of.the.Mira.River.to.Richmond.(Cape Breton-Richmond)..This. constituency.to.be.renamed.Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg. 10.. Chester-St. Margarets:.Loses.the.Upper.Tantallon.area.north.of.Highway.103.to.Hammonds. Plains-Upper.Sackville.(Hammonds Plains-Lucasville). 11.. Clare:.Expands.eastward.to.include.the.remainder.of.Digby.County..This.constituency.to.be. renamed.Clare-Digby. 12.. Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley:.No.change. 13.. Colchester North:.No.change. 14.. Cole Harbour:.Loses.a.portion.of.the.Westphal.area.to.Preston.(Dartmouth-Preston)..Gains. the.Portland.Hills.area.from.Dartmouth.South-Portland.Valley.and.the.area.east.of.Bell.Lake.from. Dartmouth.East..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Cole Harbour-Portland Valley. 15.. Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage:.Expands.westward.to.gain.the.area.south.of.Russell.Lake.and. east.of.Highway.111.from.Dartmouth.South-Portland.Valley. 16.. Cumberland North:.Loses.the.area.south.of.the.Nappan.River.to.Cumberland.South. 17.. Cumberland South:.Expands.northward.to.gain.the.area.south.of.the.Nappan.River.from. Cumberland.North.

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18.. Dartmouth East:.Expands.northward.to.gain.the.Portobello.area.from.Waverley-Fall.RiverBeaver.Bank..Loses.a.small.area.east.of.Bell.Lake.to.Cole.Harbour.(Cole Harbour-Portland Valley),.and.loses.the.area.north.of.Main.Street.and.east.of.Caledonia.Road.until.Geovex.Court.to. Preston.(Dartmouth-Preston). 19.. Dartmouth North:.No.change. 20.. Dartmouth South-Portland Valley:.Loses.the.Portland.Hills.area.to.Cole.Harbour.(Cole Harbour-Portland Valley).and.loses.the.area.south.of.Russell.Lake.and.east.of.Highway.111.to.Cole. Harbour-Eastern.Passage..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Dartmouth South. 21.. Digby-Annapolis:.This.constituency.is.to.be.merged.with.adjacent.constituencies..The.Digby. County.portion.is.to.be.merged.with.the.current.electoral.district.of.Clare.(Clare-Digby),.and.the. Annapolis.County.portion.is.to.be.merged.with.Annapolis,.excluding.the.Maitland.Bridge.area,. which.is.to.be.merged.with.Queens.(Queens-Shelburne). 22.. Eastern Shore:.Loses.the.Ross.Road.area.to.Preston.(Dartmouth-Preston). 23.. Glace Bay:.No.change. 24.. Guysborough-Sheet Harbour:.Expands.north.into.Antigonish.County,.to.include.the.area.east.of. the.Tracadie.River..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.East Nova. 25.. Halifax Atlantic:.Gains.a.small.number.of.streets.in.the.Williamswood.and.Harrietsfield.areas. from.Timberlea-Prospect..Loses.the.area.east.of.Herring.Cove.Road.and.north.of.Frog.Pond.Park.to. Halifax.Fairview.(Halifax-Armdale). 26.. Halifax Chebucto:.Expands.slightly.northeast.into.Halifax.Needham,.to.include.the.area.south.of. Robie.Street.and.east.of.Young.Street..Expands.slightly.southward.into.Halifax.Citadel-Sable.Island. to.include.the.area.west.of.Robie.Street.and.north.of.Coburg.Road..Loses.the.area.north.of.Bayers. Road.and.east.of.Connaught.Avenue.to.Halifax.Needham,.and.loses.the.area.north.of.Bayers.Road. and.west.of.Connaught.Avenue.to.the.new.constituency.of.Fairview-Clayton.Park. 27.. Halifax Citadel-Sable Island:.Loses.the.area.west.of.Robie.Street.and.north.of.Coburg.Road.to. Halifax.Chebucto. 28.. Halifax Clayton Park:.Gains.Birch.Cove.and.Kearney.Lake.areas.from.Bedford-Birch.Cove,.and. gains.the.Kearney.Lake.area.from.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackville..Loses.the.Susies.Lake.and. Quarrie.Lake.areas.to.Timberlea-Prospect,.and.loses.the.areas.south.of.Mount.St.Vincent.University. and.Lacewood.Drive.as.well.as.the.Washmill.Lake.Drive.area.to.the.new.constituency.of.FairviewClayton.Park..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Clayton Park West.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

29.. Halifax Fairview:.Gains.the.area.east.of.Herring.Cove.Road.and.north.of.Frog.Pond.Park. from.Halifax.Atlantic..Loses.the.area.north.of.Highway.102,.and.east.of.Northwest.Arm.Drive. /.Dunbrack.Street.to.the.new.constituency.of.Fairview-Clayton.Park..This.constituency.to.be. renamed.Halifax Armdale. 30.. Halifax Needham:.Loses.the.area.south.of.Robie.Street.and.east.of.Young.Street.to.Halifax.Chebucto.. Gains.the.area.north.of.Bayers.Road.and.east.of.Connaught.Avenue.from.Halifax.Chebucto. 31.. Hammonds Plains-Upper Sackville:.Loses.the.area.east.of.Highway.101,.including.the.Upper. Sackville.area,.to.the.new.constituency.of.Sackville..Loses.the.Kearney.Lake.area.to.Halifax-Clayton. Park.(Clayton Park West)..Expands.slightly.west.to.gain.the.Upper.Tantallon.area.north.of.Highway. 103.from.Chester-St..Margarets..Expands.slightly.south.to.gain.the.Stillwater.Lake.area.from. Timberlea-Prospect..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Hammonds Plains-Lucasville. 32.. Hants East:.No.change. 33.. Hants West:.No.change. 34.. Inverness:.Loses.the.Town.of.Port.Hawkesbury.to.Richmond.(Cape Breton-Richmond). 35.. Kings North:.No.change. 36.. Kings South:.No.change. 37.. Kings West:.No.change. 38.. Lunenburg:.No.change. 39.. Lunenburg West:.Expands.westward.to.gain.the.remainder.of.Lunenburg.County.from.Queens. 40.. Pictou Centre:.No.change. 41.. Pictou East:.No.change. 42.. Pictou West:.No.change. 43.. Preston:.Expands.southwest.to.include.part.of.the.Westphal.area.from.Cole.Harbour.and.the. Ross.Road.area.from.Eastern.Shore..Expands.westward.to.gain.the.area.north.of.Main.Street.and. east.of.Caledonia.Road.until.Geovex.Court.from.Dartmouth.East..This.constituency.to.be.renamed. Dartmouth-Preston.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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44.. Queens:.Loses.area.within.Lunenburg.County.to.Lunenburg.West..Expands.slightly.northward.to. gain.the.Maitland.Bridge.area.from.Digby-Annapolis,.and.expands.west.to.the.municipal.boundary. separating.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Barrington.and.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of. Shelburne..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Queens-Shelburne. 45.. Richmond:.Gains.the.Town.of.Port.Hawkesbury.from.Inverness.and.expands.northeast.to.include. the.area.east.of.East.Bay.and.west.of.the.Mira.River.until.Morley.Road.from.Cape.Breton.West..This. constituency.to.be.renamed.Cape Breton-Richmond. 46.. Sackville-Cobequid:.Loses.a.small.area.along.its.northwestern.edge.to.the.new.constituency.of. Sackville. 47.. Shelburne:.Loses.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Barrington.and.the.Town.of.Clarks.Harbour. to.Argyle.(Argyle-Barrington)..Gains.Queens.County.plus.the.Maitland.Bridge.area.from.DigbyAnnapolis..This.constituency.to.be.renamed.Queens-Shelburne. 48.. Timberlea-Prospect:.Loses.the.Stillwater.Lake.area.to.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackville.(Hammonds Plains-Lucasville),.as.well.as.a.small.number.of.streets.in.the.Williamswood.and.Harrietsfield.area.to. Halifax.Atlantic..Gains.Susies.Lake.and.Quarrie.Lake.areas.from.Halifax-Clayton.Park. 49.. Truro-Bible Hill:.No.change. 50.. Victoria-The Lakes:.Gains.the.area.northwest.of.East.Bay.from.Cape.Breton.West,.and.the.area. west.of.Little.Bras.dOr.from.Cape.Breton.North. 51.. Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank:.Loses.a.portion.of.the.Beaver.Bank.area.to.the.new. constituency.of.Sackville,.and.loses.the.Portobello.area.to.Dartmouth.East. 52.. Yarmouth:.No.change.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

and Seat Entitlements, 2012

Table 2: Proposed Constituencies, with Electors


2012 Electors (1) 16,194 13,314 12,455 17,371 12,632 10,494 14,860 14,161 17,100 13,640 13,879 13,735 16,813 12,857 11,389 13,788 15,512 10,720 15,510 10,555 11,765 17,380 12,236 11,505 13,518 16,381 14,807 15,918 10,702 17,303 14,650 11,147 15,096 16,099 2012 Seat Entitlement (2) 1.16 0.95 0.89 1.25 0.91 0.75 1.07 1.01 1.23 0.98 0.99 0.98 1.21 0.92 0.82 0.99 1.11 0.77 1.11 0.76 0.84 1.25 0.88 0.82 0.97 1.17 1.06 1.14 0.77 1.24 1.05 0.80 1.08 1.15

Proposed Constituency 01 Annapolis 02 Antigonish 03 Argyle-Barrington 04 Bedford 05 Cape Breton Centre 06 Cape Breton-Richmond 07 Chester-St. Margarets 08 Clare-Digby 09 Clayton Park West 10 Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley 11 Colchester North 12 Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage 13 Cole Harbour-Portland Valley 14 Cumberland North 15 Cumberland South 16 Dartmouth East 17 Dartmouth North 18 Dartmouth-Preston 19 Dartmouth South 20 East Nova 21 Eastern Shore 22 Fairview-Clayton Park 23 Glace Bay 24 Halifax Armdale 25 Halifax Atlantic 26 Halifax Chebucto 27 Halifax Citadel-Sable Island 28 Halifax Needham 29 Hammonds Plains-Lucasville 30 Hants East 31 Hants West 32 Inverness 33 Kings North 34 Kings South

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Proposed Constituency 35 Kings West 36 Lunenburg 37 Lunenburg West 38 Northside-Westmount 39 Pictou Centre 40 Pictou East 41 Pictou West 42 Queens-Shelburne 43 Sackville 44 Sackville-Cobequid 45 Sydney 46 Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg 47 Timberlea-Prospect 48 Truro-Bible Hill 49 Victoria-The Lakes 50 Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank 51 Yarmouth Total Average

2012 Electors (1) 14,614 13,720 15,419 15,642 12,860 11,803 10,886 13,946 12,099 14,813 16,984 14,744 14,854 15,656 11,823 13,309 12,900 711,558 13,952

2012 Seat Entitlement (2) 1.05 0.98 1.11 1.12 0.92 0.85 0.78 1.00 0.87 1.06 1.22 1.06 1.06 1.12 0.85 0.95 0.92 51.00 1.00

(1).Electors.are.defined.as.Canadian.citizens.18.years.of.age.and.older,.based.on.2011.census.data. (2).The.2011.seat.entitlements,.based.on.numbers.of.electors,.are.calculated.by.dividing.the.number. of.electors.in.each.constituency.by.the.provincial.average.of.electors.per.constituency,.based. on.51.seats..The.acceptable.range.of.electors.that.fall.within.the.25.per.cent.of.the.provincial. average.of.electors.per.constituency.(711,558/51.=.13,952).is.a.minimum.of.10,464.to.a. maximum.of.17,440.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Table 3: Proposed Constituencies and Number of Electors, by Region


Annapolis Valley Annapolis Hants West Kings North Kings South Kings West Total Cape Breton Cape Breton Centre Cape Breton-Richmond Glace Bay Inverness Northside-Westmount Sydney Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg Victoria-The Lakes Total Central Nova Antigonish East Nova Pictou Centre Pictou East Pictou West Total Fundy Northeast Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley Colchester North Cumberland North Cumberland South Hants East Truro-Bible Hill Total 13,640 13,879 12,857 11,389 17,303 15,656 84,724 13,314 10,555 12,860 11,803 10,886 59,418 12,632 10,494 12,236 11,147 15,642 16,984 14,744 11,823 105,702 16,194 14,650 15,096 16,099 14,614 76,653

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Halifax Regional Municipality Bedford Clayton Park West Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage Cole Harbour-Portland Valley Dartmouth East Dartmouth North Dartmouth-Preston Dartmouth South Eastern Shore Fairview-Clayton Park Halifax Armdale Halifax Atlantic Halifax Chebucto Halifax Citadel-Sable Island Halifax Needham Hammonds Plains-Lucasville Sackville Sackville-Cobequid Timberlea-Prospect Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank Total South Shore Chester-St. Margarets Lunenburg Lunenburg West Total Southwest Nova Scotia Argyle-Barrington Clare-Digby Queens-Shelburne Yarmouth Total 12,455 14,161 13,946 12,900 53,462 14,860 13,720 15,419 43,999 17,371 17,100 13,735 16,813 13,788 15,512 10,720 15,510 11,765 17,380 11,505 13,518 16,381 14,807 15,918 10,702 12,099 14,813 14,854 13,309 287,600

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Table 4: Existing and Proposed Seats, by Region


Region Counties included in each region Hants (West) Kings Annapolis Cape Breton Victoria Inverness Richmond Pictou Antigonish Guysborough Hants (East) Colchester Cumberland Halifax Lunenburg Digby Yarmouth Shelburne Queens Number of electors per region Existing percentage of NS electors Existing number of seats Proposed number of seats Existing percentage of seats per region Proposed percentage of seats per region

(1) Annapolis Valley Cape Breton Central Nova Fundy Northeast Halifax Regional Municipality South Shore Southwest Nova Scotia Total

76,653

10.77

9.62

9.80

105,702

14.86

17.31

15.69

59,418

8.35

9.62

9.80

84,724

11.91

11.54

11.76

287,600 43,999

40.42 6.18

18 3

20 3

34.62 5.77

39.22 5.88

53,462 711,558

7.51 100

6 52

4 51

11.53 100

7.84 100

(1).See.Table.3.for.a.list.of.constituencies.by.region.

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Table 5: Existing and Proposed Average Seat Entitlement, by Region


Region Number of electors in each region Existing number of seats Average number of electors per seat Existing seat entitlement (2) 1.12 0.86 0.87 1.03 5 8 5 6 Proposed number of seats Revised number of electors per seat Proposed seat entitlement (3) 1.10 0.95 0.85 1.01

(1) Annapolis Valley Cape Breton Central Nova Fundy Northeast Halifax Regional Municipality South Shore Southwest Nova Scotia Total

76,653 105,702 59,418 84,724

5 9 5 6

15,331 11,745 11,884 14,121

15,331 13,213 11,884 14,121

287,600 43,999 53,462 711,558

18 3 6 52

15,978 14,666 8,910 13,684

1.17 1.07 0.65 1.00

20 3 4 51

14,380 14,666 13,366 13,952

1.03 1.05 0.96 1.00

(1).See.Table.3.for.a.list.of.constituencies.by.region. (2).Existing.seat.entitlement.per.region.is.obtained.by.dividing.the.regional.average.number.of. electors.per.seat.by.the.provincial.average.number.of.electors.per.seat,.based.on.52.seats. (711,558/52.=.13,684). (3).Proposed.seat.entitlement.per.region.is.obtained.by.dividing.the.regional.revised.average.number. of.electors.per.seat.by.the.provincial.average.number.of.electors.per.seat,.based.on.51.seats. (711,558/51.=.13,952).

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Maps
Annapolis Valley

Annapolis Valley Electoral Districts 01 31 33 34 35 Annapolis Hants West Kings North Kings South Kings West

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Cape Breton

Cape Breton Electoral Districts 05 06 23 32 38 45 46 49 Cape Breton Centre Cape Breton-Richmond Glace Bay Inverness Northside-Westmount Sydney Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg Victoria-The Lakes

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Cape Breton Inset

Cape Breton Electoral Districts 05 06 23 32 38 45 46 49 Cape Breton Centre Cape Breton-Richmond Glace Bay Inverness Northside-Westmount Sydney Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg Victoria-The Lakes

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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Central Nova

Central Nova Electoral Districts 02 20 39 40 41 Antigonish East Nova Pictou Centre Pictou East Pictou West

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Fundy Northeast

Fundy Northeast Electoral Districts 10 11 14 15 30 48 Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley Colchester North Cumberland North Cumberland South Hants East Truro-Bible Hill

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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Halifax Regional Municipality

HRM Electoral Districts 04 09 12 13 16 17 18 19 21 22 Bedford Clayton Park West Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage Cole Harbour-Portland Valley Dartmouth East Dartmouth North Dartmouth-Preston Dartmouth South Eastern Shore Fairview-Clayton Park

HRM Electoral Districts 24 25 26 27 28 29 43 44 47 50 Halifax Armdale Halifax Atlantic Halifax Chebucto Halifax Citadel-Sable Island Halifax Needham Hammonds Plains-Lucasville Sackville Sackville-Cobequid Timberlea-Prospect Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Halifax Regional Municipality Inset

HRM Electoral Districts 04 09 12 13 16 17 18 19 21 22 Bedford Clayton Park West Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage Cole Harbour-Portland Valley Dartmouth East Dartmouth North Dartmouth-Preston Dartmouth South Eastern Shore Fairview-Clayton Park

HRM Electoral Districts 24 25 26 27 28 29 43 44 47 50 Halifax Armdale Halifax Atlantic Halifax Chebucto Halifax Citadel-Sable Island Halifax Needham Hammonds Plains-Lucasville Sackville Sackville-Cobequid Timberlea-Prospect Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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South Shore

South Shore Electoral Districts 07 36 37 Chester-St. Margarets Lunenburg Lunenburg West

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Southwest Nova Scotia

Southwest Nova Scotia Electoral Districts 03 08 42 51 Argyle-Barrington Clare-Digby Queens-Shelburne Yarmouth

*For.a.more.detailed.representation.of.the.2012.Proposed.Electoral.District.boundaries,.please.visit. http://nselectoralboundaries.ca/

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Other Recommendations
In.the.course.of.fulfilling.its.mandate,.the.Commission.heard.about.and.experienced.situations.that.were. outside.the.direct.realm.of.setting.electoral.boundaries..Yet.some.circumstances.do.relate.to.the.process. of.enabling.fair.and.effective.representation.for.Nova.Scotias.electors..The.following.suggestions.are. presented.in.the.spirit.of.sharing.the.benefit.of.what.the.Commission.learned. 1. Guidelines for Commission appointees The Commission is mindful that, once formally appointed, it is to function independently of influence from government and the legislature. The Commission is also aware that knowledge of basic operational guidelines would help members to be confident that they are working within the normal expectations of a publicly appointed body. It therefore suggests that, in future, an orientation session take place at the outset of the Commissions appointment. This should include a handbook outlining routine operational requirements. The Select Committee on Establishing an Electoral Boundaries Commission could be tasked with these responsibilities. Issues relating to fair representation of Acadian and African Nova Scotian populations A shift in the practice of protecting selected ridings raises the prospect of considering alternative ways of addressing the representation needs of special populations that had previously been protected. In this Final Report, the Commission has presented a somewhat limited proposal (see Electoral Redistribution in Nova Scotia: Key Issues and Challenges, p. 14). Problems and reasonable objections remain even with this more limited proposal. Within the Commission, there was not full agreement about its merit. Since special legislation would have to be passed to enact it (or any other proposal of a similar nature), the Commission suggests that the House of Assembly take it under advisement in order to air and debate the various issues more fully. The Commission is also of the opinion that the Nova Scotia Legislature should establish a process for consulting with key minority groups, in particular the Acadian and African Nova Scotian communities, for the purpose of determining alternative means for achieving fair and effective minority representation in the House of Assembly.

2.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

3.

Electoral system reform The Commission is aware that the serious consideration and recommendation of alternative electoral systems is beyond its mandate. It is also cognizant that the adoption of a new electoral system represents a dramatic change to one of Nova Scotias key political institutions. It therefore suggests that the Nova Scotia Legislature initiate a process involving both extensive critical examination and public consultation on the current electoral system as well as possible alternatives to it. Modifying the public consultation process The House of Assembly Act determines the method of engaging the public through two rounds of public meetings, before and after preparing a preliminary report. The Commission believes that the consultation process would be strengthened by having a draft of proposed boundary changes made public prior to the first round of public meetings. It therefore suggests that the Nova Scotia Legislature modify the House of Assembly Act requiring a draft of proposed boundary changes be made public by the Boundaries Commission before the first round of public meetings, followed by a preliminary report before the second round of public meetings. Compensation in relation to large rural ridings The Commission heard references to the difficulty of serving constituents in large rural ridings. In particular, there is the matter of travel time and expense required for many rural representatives to effectively represent their constituents, or for their constituents to access their representatives. While it is a matter that can affect voter participation, it is outside the Commissions mandate to recommend a direct solution. Instead, the Commission recommends that this issue be brought to the attention of the House of Assembly Management Commission.

4.

5.

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The.essential.work.of.Elections.Nova.Scotia.will.be.directly.and.immediately.affected.by.the.proposed. changes.to.the.provinces.electoral.districts..Given.this,.the.Commission.puts.forward.the.following. recommendations.on.behalf.of.Elections.Nova.Scotia.

1.

The Commission recommends that Elections Nova Scotia begin revising, on a without-prejudice basis, the provincial electoral boundaries as soon as the Commissions Final Report is tabled in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly.

2.

The Commission recommends that Elections Nova Scotia be granted the authority to make minor changes in the provinces electoral boundaries, for administrative reasons only.

3.

The Commission recommends that additional Returning Officers be authorized for the large rural constituencies.

4.

The Commission recommends a proclamation date of January 1, 2013, for the amendment to the House of Assembly Act that would legislate the proposed changes to the provinces electoral districts.*

*.Since.2002,.when.the.last.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.reported,.more-stringent.reporting.requirements.have.been.legislated.for. Nova.Scotias.registered.political.parties.and.electoral.districts..Annual.financial.reports.must.be.submitted.by.these.entities.to.Elections. Nova.Scotia.to.cover.all.activity.for.the.previous.year,.ending.December.31..Many.of.these.reports.are.required.to.have.costly.audits.that. must.be.borne.by.the.political.parties.and.Electoral.District.Associations.(EDAs). Each.electoral.district.affected.by.the.proposed.boundary.changes.must.become.de-registered.and.close.its.bank.account,.transferring. funds.to.its.respective.party..The.new.electoral.districts.will.organize.founding.meetings,.open.bank.accounts,.register.with.Elections.Nova. Scotia,.and.receive.funds.from.the.pre-existing.districts.through.their.political.parties. A.proclamation.date.other.than.January.1,.2013.will.result.in.doubling.the.reports.and.filings.prepared.for.the.affected.electoral.districts,. often.completed.by.volunteers.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Appendices
Appendix A: Description of Proposed Electoral Boundaries
Please note: The following boundary descriptions are not designed to be official legal descriptions for the proposed electoral boundaries. 01.. Annapolis:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Annapolis/Kings.County.line,.running.from.the.coast. of.the.Bay.of.Fundy.south.to.the.Lunenburg.County.line..On.the.south,.it.is.bounded.from.the. intersection.of.the.Annapolis/Kings/Lunenburg.County.lines.southwest.along.the.southern.boundary. of.the.Annapolis.County.line.until.it.intersects.with.the.Albany.New.community.boundary..It.follows. this.boundary.north.until.Mersey.Road..It.continues.north.until.the.end.of.this.road,.where.it.then. runs.west,.following.an.unidentified.brook.to.an.unidentified.lake..It.then.continues.west,.following. the.northern.boundaries.of.Northfield,.Maitland.Bridge,.and.Kejimkujik.National.Park.until.the. Annapolis/Digby.County.line..On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Annapolis/Digby.County.line,.through. Bear.River.and.Digby.Gut..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bay.of.Fundy. 02.. Antigonish:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Antigonish/Pictou.County.line..On.the.north,.it.is. bounded.by.the.Northumberland.Strait.until.Tracadie.Harbour..On.the.east,.from.Tracadie.Harbour,. the.boundary.runs.south,.following.the.Tracadie.River.until.the.Antigonish/Guysborough.County.line.. From.this.point.the.boundary.runs.southwest,.following.the.county.line.until.it.intersects.the.Pictou. County.line. 03.. Argyle-Barrington:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.west,.from.the.Atlantic. Ocean,.the.boundary.follows.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Argyle.boundary.line..On.the.north. and.east,.it.continues.following.the.municipal.boundary.line.until.it.intersects.the.Municipality.of. the.District.of.Barrington.boundary.line..It.follows.the.eastern.boundary.of.this.municipal.boundary. south.until.the.Atlantic.Ocean. 04.. Bedford:.It.wraps.around.the.Bedford.Basin..On.the.south.it.runs.from.the.Bedford.Basin,. between.Shaunslieve.Drive.and.Lodge.Drive,.through.Hemlock.Ravine.Park.to.Highway.102..On.the. west,.it.follows.Highway.102.until.it.reaches.a.point.west.of.Paper.Mill.Lake..It.then.runs.west.until. it.intersects.Bluewater.Road,.where.it.turns.northwest,.and.runs.parallel.to.Kearney.Lake.Road. until.it.intersects.Hammonds.Plains.Road..From.this.point,.it.runs.northeast.parallel.to.Farmers. Dairy.Lane,.continues.along.the.outside.of.the.northwestern.shores.of.Sandy.Lake.and.Marsh.Lake. until.it.reaches.the.Sackville.River..It.then.follows.the.Sackville.River.east.to.Highway.101,.which. it.follows.southeast.to.Highway.102,.which.it.follows.northeast.until.it.reaches.Rocky.Lake..On.the. north,.it.cuts.through.Rocky.Lake.until.it.reaches.Rocky.Lake.Drive..On.the.east,.it.follows.Rocky. Lake.Drive.south,.wraps.around.Quarrystone.Drive.and.Fraggle.Rock.Road,.and.then.continues. along.Rocky.Lake.Drive.to.the.Bedford.Bypass.to.Windmill.Road.until.it.reaches.the.Dartmouth. North.district.boundary.

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05.. Cape Breton Centre:.It.is.bounded.on.the.west.by.Sydney.Harbour,.starting.at.the.point.where.the. South.Bar.and.Sydney.community.boundaries.intersect,.then.following.the.coastline.north.out.and. around.Low.Point.to.the.Glace.Bay.community.boundary.near.the.end.of.Davidson.Street..It.then. runs.from.the.coast,.south.to.the.west.of.Row.Street,.to.the.intersection.of.Phalen.Road.and.Reserve. Street,.and.then.southeast.to.Renwick.Brook..Heading.west,.it.follows.the.Sydney.International. Airport.property.line.southwest.to.a.point.south.of.the.Highway.4.and.Airport.Road.intersection,. runs.parallel.to.Highway.4.in.a.southwestern.direction.to.a.point.approximately.1200.metres. southeast.of.Highway.4.and.Garth.Wilson.Avenue,.where.it.turns.northwest.to.connect.with.Highway. 4..It.runs.west.along.Highway.4.(Grand.Lake.Road).to.a.point.east.of.Reeves.Street,.where.it.turns. north.and.runs.approximately.2500.metres.until.the.Lingan.Road.community.boundary,.which.it. follows.north,.parallel.to.Dryden.Avenue.until.it.intersects.Lingan.Road..It.then.continues.running. north.for.approximately.600.metres.until.it.reconnects.with.the.Lingan.Road.community.boundary,. where.it.turns.west,.following.the.Lingan.Road.and.Sydney.community.boundaries,.parallel.to.Grant. Street.and.Birchwood.Lane.until.Sydney.Harbour. 06.. Cape Breton-Richmond:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.Bras.dOr.Lake.and.East.Bay.until.it. reaches.the.point.where.Eskasoni.Road.and.Kings.Road.(Highway.4).intersect..It.follows.Kings.Road. (Highway.4).northeast,.then.turns.southeast.and.follows.Morley.Road.until.it.intersects.with.Grand. Mira.North.Road..From.this.point,.it.follows.the.Mira.River.south.until.it.reaches.the.Richmond. County.line..It.then.follows.this.county.boundary.southeast.until.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south,. it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean,.Chedabucto.Bay.and.the.Strait.of.Canso....On.the.west,.from. the.Strait.of.Canso,.it.follows.the.northern.boundary.of.the.Town.of.Port.Hawkesbury,.around.the. community.boundary,.so.as.to.include.it,.until.it.reaches.the.Richmond.County.line,.where.it.follows. the.county.line.northeast.until.it.reaches.Bras.dOr.Lake. 07.. Chester-St. Margarets:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Chester. boundary.line..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Lunenburg.County.line..On.the.east.it.follows.the. Lunenburg.County.line.south.until.it.intersects.with.the.Halifax.County.line,.which.it.follows.until. Pockwock.Lake..It.then.runs.south,.through.Wrights.Lake.and.follows.the.Upper.Tantallon.and.Head. of.St..Margarets.Bay.community.boundary,.continuing.south.until.Highway.103..It.then.follows. Highway.103.east.to.Hammonds.Plains.Road,.which.it.follows.south.until.St..Margarets.Bay.Road.. From.this.point,.the.boundary.runs.southeast.in.a.straight.line.through.the.eastern.shore.of.Long. Lake,.through.Big.Five.Bridge.Lake,.Moores.Lake,.to.Upper.Pond,.which.it.runs.through.into.Shad. Bay,.which.it.follows.to.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean. 08.. Clare-Digby:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south,.from.the.Atlantic. Ocean,.it.follows.the.Digby/Yarmouth.County.line.east.until.it.intersects.the.Shelburne.and.Queens. County.lines..It.then.follows.the.Digby/Queens.County.line.northeast.until.it.intersects.the.Annapolis. County.line..On.the.east,.it.follows.the.Digby/Annapolis.County.line.northwest,.through.Digby.Gut. and.into.the.Bay.of.Fundy.(Atlantic.Ocean).

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

09.. Clayton Park West:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bedford.Basin..On.the.south,.from.the. Bedford.Basin,.the.boundary.runs.west,.parallel.to.Melody.Drive.and.Canary.Crescent..It.then.turns. south.and.west.and.runs.parallel.to.Chartwell.Lane.until.Lacewood.Drive..It.then.follows.Lacewood. Drive.west.until.Mainland.North.Linear.Parkway,.which.it.follows.south.until.a.point.just.west.of. Birkdale.Crescent..From.this.point,.it.turns.west.and.runs.west.along.the.outside.of.Regency.Park. Drive.and.Greenpark.Close.until.it.reaches.Highway.102..The.boundary.then.wraps.around.Bayers. Lake.Industrial.Park,.following.Highway.102.east.to.Highway.103.south,.until.a.point.south.of. Horseshoe.Lake.Drive..It.then.runs.north,.along.the.outside.of.Hobsons.Lake.Drive,.Horseshoe.Lake. Drive,.and.Chain.Lake.Drive.until.it.intersects.with.Highway.102..The.boundary.follows.Highway. 102.north.until.a.point.east.of.Washmill.Lake,.where.it.turns.west.and.runs.along.the.northern. shores.of.Quarry.Lake.and.south.of.Ash.Lake.until.the.Timberlea.community.boundary..It.follows. this.community.boundary.north.and.east,.just.beyond.Ash.Lake,.where.it.turns.north.and.follows. an.unidentified.track.north.until.it.reaches.the.eastern.boundary.of.the.community.of.Hammonds. Plains..It.then.follows.this.community.boundary.around.Collins.Road.and.Belle.Street.until.it. reaches.Kearney.Lake.Road,.which.it.follows.south.until.it.reaches.the.northern.shore.of.Kearney. Lake,.which.it.follows.east.to.an.unidentified.stream.to.Highway.102..From.here,.the.boundary.runs. south.until.the.end.of.Kearney.Lake,.where.it.turns.east.and.runs.through.Hemlock.Ravine.Park,. between.Shaunslieve.Drive.and.Lodge.Drive.and.out.into.the.Bedford.Basin. 10.. Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley:.It.is.bounded.on.the.west.by.the.Colchester/Hants.County. line.running.through.the.Shubenacadie.River.until.it.intersects.Highway.102,.which.it.follows.south. until.it.intersects.Aerotech.Drive..From.this.point,.the.boundary.runs.southeast.until.it.reaches.an. unidentified.brook,.which.it.follows.south.through.Soldier.Lake..From.the.southern.point.of.Soldier. Lake,.the.boundary.turns.east.and.runs.through.the.Waverley.Salmon.River.Long.Lake.Wilderness. Area..The.boundary.runs.through.Three.Mile.Lake,.continues.east,.just.south.of.Lake.Williams. and.East.Lake.until.the.northern.tip.of.Porters.Lake..From.this.point,.it.runs.northeast.through.the. northern.shores.of.Burnt.Lake.and.Gibraltar.Lake,.intersecting.Highway.357,.continuing.northeast. along.the.northern.shores.of.Grand.Lake,.Ship.Harbour,.Long.Lake.and.Scraggy.Lake,.intersects. Mooseland.Road,.and.runs.in.between.Lower.Beaver.and.Middle.Beaver.Lakes.before.intersecting. Highway.224..From.this.point,.it.continues.northeast,.running.south.of.Como.Lake.and.Smith.Lake. before.intersecting.Highway.374.and.then.reaching.the.Halifax/Guysborough.County.line..Along.the. east,.it.follows.the.county.line.north.until.a.point.just.beyond.Highway.289..Along.the.north,.from.a. point.north.of.Highway.289,.the.boundary.line.runs.west.to.a.point.where.the.Greenfield,.Burnside,. and.Riversdale.community.boundaries.meet..From.this.point,.it.follows.the.Greenfield.community. boundary.north.and.west.until.it.reaches.Valley.Road,.which.it.follows.to.Salmon.River,.which.it. follows.west.until.a.point.south.of.Warren.Drive..The.boundary.then.turns.southeast.until.it.reaches. the.Truro.community.boundary..It.follows.this.boundary.south.and.west,.then.follows.the.Millbrook. 27.Reserve.boundary.west.and.north.until.it.rejoins.the.Truro.community.boundary,.which.it.follows. into.Cobequid.Bay.to.the.Shubenacadie.River.

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11.. Colchester North:.On.the.west,.from.the.Minas.Basin,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Colchester/Cumberland. County.line,.which.it.follows.east.and.north.into.Tatamagouche.Bay..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by. Tatamagouche.Bay.(Northumberland.Strait)..On.the.east,.from.Tatamagouche.Bay,.the.boundary. follows.the.Pictou/Colchester.County.line.south.to.a.point.north.of.Highway.289..From.this.point,. the.boundary.line.runs.west.to.a.point.where.the.Greenfield,.Burnside,.and.Riversdale.community. boundaries.meet..From.this.point,.it.follows.the.Greenfield.community.boundary.north.and.west. until.it.reaches.Valley.Road,.which.it.follows.to.the.Salmon.River,.which.it.follows.west.until.a.point. south.of.the.Old.Court.House.Branch..From.this.point,.it.follows.the.Bible.Hill.community.boundary. north.and.west.until.it.reaches.the.Truro.community.boundary.(Salmon.River)..It.then.follows.the. river.west.into.Cobequid.Bay.(Minas.Basin). 12.. Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage:.On.the.west,.the.boundary.runs.from.Halifax.Harbour.along. Highway.111..It.then.runs.east,.parallel.to.the.south.of.Mount.Hope.Avenue.until.it.reaches.the. western.boundary.of.the.Shearwater.airport..It.runs.northeast,.along.the.outside.of.the.airport,. through.Morris.Lake.until.it.reaches.Caldwell.Road..It.follows.Caldwell.Road.north.to.Deerbrooke. Drive.to.Colby.Drive.until.Greenwich.Drive..It.then.runs.through.Bissett.Lake.until.it.reaches.Cole. Harbour.(body.of.water)..It.is.bounded.on.the.east.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean.and.on.the.south.by. Halifax.Harbour..This.district.includes.McNabs.Island.and.Lawlor.Island. 13.. Cole Harbour-Portland Valley:.On.the.west,.it.runs.through.Morris.Lake,.parallel.to.Diana.Grace. Avenue.until.it.reaches.Portland.Estates.Boulevard.West..It.then.follows.Eisner.Boulevard.to.Portland. Street.to.just.beyond.Regal.Road..It.then.turns.north.and.runs.through.Bell.Lake.to.Lucien.Drive.. It.follows.Lucien.Drive.northwest.to.Mount.Edward.Road,.where.it.extends.to.Main.Street..On.the. north,.it.is.bounded.by.Main.Street,.to.Highway.7..From.a.point.along.Highway.7,.the.boundary. runs.south,.parallel.to.Panavista.Drive,.wraps.around.the.north.of.Taranaki.Drive.to.Auburn.Drive. to.Bradorian.Drive.and.back.to.Auburn.Drive,.which.it.follows.south,.then.wraps.around.Sophia. Crescent.to.Roseway.Court.to.Gammon.Crescent.to.Tamara.Drive..It.then.runs.east,.parallel.to. Cassandra.Drive.between.Ritcey.Crescent.and.Old.Lawrencetown.Road.until.it.reaches.a.brook.that. it.follows.until.Cole.Harbour.Road.and.Cole.Harbour.(body.of.water).intersect..On.the.south,.it. follows.the.Cole.Harbour-Eastern.Passage.district.boundary,.through.Bissett.Lake.to.the.intersection. of.Greenwich.Drive.and.Colby.Drive..It.then.follows.Colby.Drive.to.Deerbrooke.Drive.to.Caldwell. Road.until.Astral.Drive,.and.then.runs.southwest.through.Morris.Lake. 14.. Cumberland North:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.Northumberland.Strait..On.the.east,.it.is. bounded.by.the.Cumberland/Colchester.County.line.until.a.point.north.of.Mattatall.Lake..On.the. south,.from.the.county.line,.the.boundary.runs.west.until.it.reaches.Wallace.River,.which.it.follows. north.until.a.point.where.Fountain.Road.and.Hunter.Road.meet..From.here,.it.runs.southwest,. parallel.to.Highway.368,.Middleboro.Road,.and.Hansford.Road,.through.Big.Lake.to.Jersey.Road.. The.boundary.line.follows.this.street.north.until.Hansford.Road,.extends.northeast.until.Thomson. Road,.then.turns.northwest.until.River.Philip..It.follows.River.Philip.north,.then.turns.northwest,.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

parallel.to.Casey.Road.until.Beckwith.Road.to.Mount.Pleasant.Road,.which.it.follows.north.until. Lake.Killarney.Road,.where.it.turns.southwest,.intersects.through.Klondike.Road,.then.turns. northwest.until.Nappan.River..It.then.follows.Nappan.River.to.Maccan.River.to.River.Hebert,.which.it. follows.into.Chignecto.Bay..On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Nova.ScotiaNew.Brunswick.provincial. boundary.line. 15.. Cumberland South:.It.is.bounded.on.the.west.by.Chignecto.Bay.and.on.the.south.by.the.Minas. Channel.and.Minas.Basin.until.the.Colchester/Cumberland.County.line..It.follows.the.county.line.east. and.northeast.until.a.point.north.of.Mattatall.Lake..On.the.north,.from.the.county.line,.the.boundary. runs.west.until.it.reaches.Wallace.River,.which.it.follows.north.until.a.point.where.Fountain.Road. and.Hunter.Road.meet..From.here,.it.runs.southwest,.parallel.to.Highway.368,.Middleboro.Road,. and.Hansford.Road,.through.Big.Lake.to.Jersey.Road..The.boundary.line.follows.this.street.north. until.Hansford.Road,.extends.northeast.until.Thomson.Road,.then.turns.northwest.until.River.Philip.. It.follows.River.Philip.north.until.Lake.Killarney.Road.where.it.turns.southwest,.intersects.through. Klondike.Road,.then.turns.northwest.until.Nappan.River..It.then.follows.Nappan.River.to.Maccan. River.to.River.Hebert,.which.it.follows.into.Chignecto.Bay. 16.. Dartmouth East:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.from.Highway.118,.running.south.of.Spider.Lake.to. Lake.Major..It.runs.through.Lake.Major.until.the.community.boundaries.of.Waverley.and.Montague. Gold.Mines.intersect..It.then.runs.southwest.for.approximately.3800.metres.until.it.reaches.the. Forest.Hills.Extension..It.follows.this.road.southeast.until.a.point.south.of.Lochmoor.Lane..From. this.point.it.turns.southwest.and.runs.along.the.outside.of.St..Claire.Avenue.and.Geovex.Court.until. it.reaches.Caledonia.Road,.which.it.follows.south.to.Main.Street..It.follows.Main.Street.east.until. it.turns.south.and.runs.along.Lucien.Drive.to.Bell.Lake,.which.it.runs.through,.extending.out.to. Portland.Street..The.southern.boundary.runs.from.Portland.Street.to.Highway.111..On.the.west,.it.is. bounded.by.Highway.111.to.Lake.Micmac,.through.Lake.Micmac,.through.the.Shubenacadie.Canal,. and.through.Lake.Charles.to.Highway.118. 17.. Dartmouth North:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Bedford.Basin.and.The.Narrows..On.the.north,. from.the.Bedford.Basin,.the.boundary.follows.Wright.Brook.until.where.it.intersects.the.rail.line.. From.this.point,.it.follows.the.rail.line.north.to.a.point.northeast.of.Anderson.Lake..It.then.turns. east,.and.runs.parallel.to.the.Dartmouth.community.boundary.into.Lake.Charles..On.the.east,. the.boundary.runs.south.through.Lake.Charles,.the.Shubenacadie.Canal,.Lake.Micmac,.and.Lake. Banook,.extending.to.Hawthorne.Street..From.this.point,.it.follows.Hawthorne.Street.to.Crichton. Avenue.to.Crichton.Park.Road.to.Thistle.Street.to.Wyse.Road.to.the.Angus.L..Macdonald.Bridge.to. Halifax.Harbour. 18.. Dartmouth-Preston:.Along.the.north,.from.Three.Mile.Lake,.it.runs.east,.south.of.Lake.Williams. and.East.Lake,.until.it.reaches.the.northern.tip.of.Porters.Lake..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Porters. Lake.until.it.reaches.Grapevine.Lane..It.turns.left,.parallel.to.Grapevine.Lane,.until.the.northwestern.

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point.of.Grand.Lake,.where.it.turns.south.and.runs.along.the.Porters.Lake.and.Minesville.community. boundary.until.north.of.Caribou.Lake..It.then.turns.west.and.then.south.along.the.outside.of.Goose. Lake..It.turns.west.until.it.intersects.with.Candy.Mountain.Road,.which.it.follows.until.the.northern. tip.of.Lawrencetown.Lake..From.this.point,.it.runs.west.through.Gammon.Lake.and.north,.parallel. to.Glenn.Drive.and.Shepherds.Lane.until.Highway.107..It.then.runs.west.along.Highway.107.to.a. point.south.of.Chater.Drive..From.here,.it.runs.south,.parallel.to.the.Lawrencetown.community. boundary.until.it.reaches.the.intersection.of.Cole.Harbour.Road.and.Ross.Road..From.this.point,.it. turns.northwest.and.runs.parallel.to.the.Westphal.community.boundary,.wrapping.around.Lawlor. Crescent.to.an.unidentified.brook..It.follows.this.brook.northwest.to.a.point.250.metres.northeast. of.Ritcey.Crescent,.then.turns.southwest,.running.between.Ritcey.Crescent.and.Old.Lawrencetown. Road.until.Tamara.Drive..It.then.follows.Tamara.Drive.to.Gammon.Crescent.to.Roseway.Court,.wraps. around.Sophia.Crescent.to.Auburn.Drive.to.Bradorian.Drive,.then.back.to.Auburn.Drive.to.Taranaki. Drive,.which.it.wraps.around.to.Highway.7..From.this.point,.it.runs.southwest.along.Highway.7.to. Main.Street.until.Caledonia.Road..On.the.west,.it.runs.along.Caledonia.Road.to.just.before.Geovex. Court,.where.it.turns.northeast,.running.along.the.outside.of.St..Claire.Avenue,.continuing.northeast. to.Forest.Hills.Extension..It.then.follows.this.road.northwest.to.a.point.south.of.Wilcot.Lane,.where.it. turns.northeast,.running.parallel.to.Burnhope.Drive.and.onto.Lake.Major..It.then.runs.north.through. Lake.Major,.East.Lake,.Long.Duck.Lake,.and.Three.Mile.Lake. 19.. Dartmouth South:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Halifax.Harbour..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the. Angus.L.Macdonald.Bridge.to.Wyse.Road.to.Thistle.Street.to.Crichton.Park.Road.to.Crichton.Avenue. to.Hawthorne.Street..It.then.runs.through.Lake.Banook.until.it.reaches.Highway.111..Along.the.east. it.is.bounded.by.Highway.111.to.Portland.Street.to.Eisner.Boulevard.to.Portland.Estates.Boulevard. West.through.Morris.Lake..Along.the.south.it.runs.along.the.outside.of.the.Shearwater.airport,.turns. northwest.and.runs.parallel.to.the.south.of.Mount.Hope.Avenue.to.Highway.111.to.Halifax.Harbour. 20.. East Nova:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Strait.of.Canso.and.Chedabucto.Bay..On.the.south,.it. is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.west,.from.Ship.Harbour.(Atlantic.Ocean),.the.boundary. runs.through.Newcombe.Lake.to.the.Tangier.Grand.Lake.Wilderness.Area.southern.boundary..It. follows.this.boundary.east.and.north.to.a.point.south.of.Bear.Lake..It.continues.north,.parallel.to. Mooseland.Road.until.the.northern.tip.of.Second.Rocky.Lake..It.then.turns.east,.and.runs.between. Lower.Beaver.and.Middle.Beaver.Lakes.before.intersecting.Highway.224..From.this.point.it. continues.northeast,.running.south.of.Como.Lake.and.Smith.Lake.before.intersecting.Highway.374. and.then.reaching.the.Halifax/Guysborough.County.line..It.then.follows.the.county.line.northwest. until.it.intersects.the.Pictou.County.line..On.the.north,.it.follows.the.Pictou/Antigonish.County.lines. until.the.Tracadie.River..The.boundary.then.turns.north,.and.follows.the.river.into.Tracadie.Harbour. 21.. Eastern Shore:.On.the.north,.from.the.northern.tip.of.Porters.Lake,.the.boundary.runs.northeast. through.the.northern.shores.of.Burnt.Lake.and.Gibraltar.Lake,.intersecting.Highway.357,.continuing. northeast.along.the.northern.shores.of.Grand.Lake,.Ship.Harbour.Long.Lake,.and.Scraggy.Lake.to.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

the.northern.tip.of.Second.Rocky.Lake..On.the.east,.the.boundary.runs.south,.parallel.to.Mooseland. Drive.until.a.point.south.of.Bear.Lake..The.boundary.then.runs.south.and.west.along.the.outside.of. the.Tangier.Grand.Lake.Wilderness.Area.boundary.to.Newcombe.Lake.and.into.Ship.Harbour..On. the.south,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.west,.from.Cole.Harbour.(Atlantic.Ocean),. the.boundary.runs.north.and.east,.around.Lawlor.Crescent.and.Old.Miller.Road.to.a.point.where. Cole.Harbour.Road.turns.into.Lawrencetown.Road..From.this.point,.the.boundary.follows.the. Lawrencetown.community.boundary.to.a.point.west.of.Lawrencetown.Lake..The.boundary.runs.along. the.northern.boundary.of.Lawrencetown.Lake.to.a.point.west.of.Goose.Lake,.which.it.wraps.around. to.a.point.just.north.of.Caribou.Lake,.where.it.turns.north.and.runs.along.the.western.and.northern. shores.of.Grand.Lake,.and.into.Porters.Lake,.where.it.continues.north.until.its.starting.point. 22.. Fairview-Clayton Park:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.Bedford.Basin.(Halifax.Harbour)..On.the. west,.from.Bedford.Basin,.the.boundary.runs.west,.parallel.to.Melody.Drive.and.Canary.Crescent..It. then.turns.south.and.west.and.runs.parallel.to.Chartwell.Lane.until.Lacewood.Drive..It.then.follows. Lacewood.Drive.west.until.Mainland.North.Linear.Parkway,.which.it.follows.south.until.a.point.just. west.of.Birkdale.Crescent..From.this.point,.it.turns.west.and.runs.along.the.outside.of.Regency.Park. Drive.and.Greenpark.Close.until.it.reaches.Highway.102..On.the.south,.it.then.follows.Highway.102. east.to.Bayers.Road.until.Connaught.Avenue..On.the.east,.it.follows.Connaught.Avenue.to.Windsor. Street.to.the.Bedford.Highway.until.it.intersects.the.rail.line,.which.it.follows.to.a.point.just.north.of. the.Joseph.Howe.Drive.exit,.and.then.extends.into.Bedford.Basin. 23.. Glace Bay:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Big. Glace.Bay..On.the.south,.from.Big.Glace.Bay.the.boundary.runs.west.along.the.Donkin.Morien. Highway.to.Brookside.Street..From.this.point,.the.boundary.follows.the.Glace.Bay.community. boundary.west.and.north,.back.to.the.Atlantic.Ocean. 24.. Halifax Armdale:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Northwest.Arm.through.the.Armdale.Rotary.to. Chebucto.Road,.then.follows.the.railroad.tracks.until.the.end.of.Pennington.Street..On.the.north,. it.follows.Highway.102.until.it.intersects.Highway.103,.which.it.follows.south.to.a.point.north.of. Grassy.Lake.Drive..The.boundary.then.turns.east.to.a.point.just.beyond.Prospect.Road,.then.turns. south.and.east.as.it.runs.through.Long.Lake.to.the.Northwest.Arm.Drive.and.Old.Sambro.Road. intersection..On.the.south,.it.runs.northwest.along.Northwest.Arm.Drive.to.a.point.just.beyond. Penny.Avenue..It.then.turns.northeast.and.runs.along.the.outside.of.Trelyn.Road,.Hillary.Street,.and. Mont.Street.to.Punch.Bowl.Drive..It.follows.Punch.Bowl.Drive.to.Herring.Cove.Road.to.McMullen. Road,.around.Circle.Drive.to.Seaview.Avenue.to.Aurora.Avenue,.along.the.outside.of.Joyce.Avenue. and.Raithpark.Lane.to.a.point.west.of.Ballantrae.Lane..The.boundary.then.runs.along.the.outside.of. Ballantrae.Lane.and.Forward.Avenue.to.Purcells.Cove.Road..It.follows.Purcells.Cove.Road.northwest. until.a.point.west.of.Frog.Pond,.where.it.turns.northeast,.runs.through.Frog.Pond,.parallel.to. Parkhill.Road.and.Dingle.Road.and.out.to.the.Northwest.Arm.

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25.. Halifax Atlantic:.On.the.north,.it.runs.through.Long.Lake.to.the.Northwest.Arm.Drive.and.Old. Sambro.Road.intersection..It.then.runs.northwest.along.Northwest.Arm.Drive.to.a.point.just.beyond. Penny.Avenue..It.then.turns.northeast.and.runs.along.the.outside.of.Trelyn.Road,.Hillary.Street,.and. Mont.Street.to.Punch.Bowl.Drive..It.follows.Punch.Bowl.Drive.to.Herring.Cove.Road.to.McMullen. Road,.around.Circle.Drive.to.Seaview.Avenue.to.Aurora.Avenue,.along.the.outside.of.Joyce.Avenue. and.Raithpark.Lane.to.a.point.west.of.Ballantrae.Lane..The.boundary.then.runs.along.the.outside.of. Ballantrae.Lane.and.Forward.Avenue.to.Purcells.Cove.Road..It.follows.Purcells.Cove.Road.northwest. until.a.point.west.of.Frog.Pond,.where.it.turns.northeast,.runs.through.Frog.Pond,.parallel.to. Parkhill.Road.and.Dingle.Road.and.out.to.the.Northwest.Arm..On.the.east.and.south.it.is.bounded. by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.west,.from.the.Atlantic.Ocean.it.runs.from.the.western.edge.of.West. Pennant.to.the.east.shore.of.Ragged.Lake,.through.The.Two.Lakes,.through.Moody.Lake,.then. follows.a.river.along.the.north.shore.of.Run.Lake,.through.Sheas.Lake,.through.Spruce.Hill.Lake,. and.through.Long.Lake.Provincial.Park.until.the.western.shore.of.Long.Lake. 26.. Halifax Chebucto:.On.the.south,.from.the.Northwest.Arm.it.follows.Coburg.Road.to.Robie.Street.. On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Robie.Street.until.it.intersects.Young.Street..On.the.north,.it.follows. Young.Street.to.Windsor.Street.to.Bayers.Road.to.the.railroad.tracks..In.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by. the.railroad.tracks.to.Chebucto.Road.through.the.Armdale.Rotary.to.the.Northwest.Arm. 27.. Halifax Citadel-Sable Island:.On.the.east.and.south,.it.is.bounded.by.Halifax.Harbour..On.the. west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Northwest.Arm..On.the.north,.from.the.Northwest.Arm.it.follows.Coburg. Road.to.Robie.Street.to.Cogswell.Street.to.Rainnie.Drive.to.Duke.Street,.and.extends.into.Halifax. Harbour..This.district.also.includes.Georges.Island.and.Sable.Island. 28.. Halifax Needham:.It.is.bounded.along.the.north.and.east.by.Halifax.Harbour..On.the.south,.it. follows.Duke.Street.from.the.Narrows.to.Rainnie.Drive.to.Cogswell.Street.to.Robie.Street..In.the. west,.it.is.bounded.by.Robie.Street.to.Young.Street.to.Bayers.Road.to.Connaught.Avenue..It.then. follows.Connaught.Avenue.north.to.Windsor.Street.to.the.Bedford.Highway.to.the.rail.line,.and. extends.out.into.Bedford.Basin.(Halifax.Harbour). 29.. Hammonds Plains-Lucasville:.On.the.west,.it.runs.south.from.Pockwock.Lake,.through.Wrights. Lake,.and.follows.the.Upper.Tantallon.and.Head.of.St..Margarets.Bay.community.boundary,. continuing.south.until.Highway.103..On.the.south,.it.is.bounded.by.Highway.103.until.a.point.south.of. Telford.Lane..From.this.point,.the.boundary.runs.north.for.approximately.1500.metres.and.then.turns. right.through.Maple.Lake,.slightly.north.of.Frasers.Lake,.to.a.point.before.the.southwest.shore.of.Ash. Lake..On.the.east,.it.follows.the.Timberlea.community.boundary.north.and.east,.just.beyond.Ash.Lake,. where.it.turns.north.and.follows.an.unidentified.track.north.until.it.reaches.the.eastern.boundary. of.the.community.of.Hammonds.Plains..It.then.follows.this.community.boundary.around.Collins. Road.and.Belle.Street.until.it.reaches.Kearney.Lake.Road,.which.it.follows.south.until.it.reaches.the. northern.shore.of.Kearney.Lake,.which.it.follows.east.to.an.unidentified.stream.to.Highway.102..It.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

then.turns.north.and.follows.Highway.102.until.it.reaches.a.point.west.of.Paper.Mill.Lake..It.then. runs.west.until.it.intersects.Bluewater.Road,.where.it.turns.northwest.and.runs.parallel.to.Kearney. Lake.Road.until.it.intersects.Hammonds.Plains.Road..From.this.point,.it.runs.northeast,.parallel.to. Farmers.Dairy.Lane,.then.continues.along.the.outside.of.the.northwestern.shores.of.Sandy.Lake.and. Marsh.Lake.until.it.reaches.the.Sackville.River..It.then.follows.the.Sackville.River.west.and.north.until. Highway.101,.which.it.follows.northwest.until.a.point.before.the.Mount.Uniacke.connector..On.the. north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Hants/Halifax.County.line.through.Pockwock.Lake. 30.. Hants East:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bay.of.Fundy..On.the.east.and.south.it.is.bounded. by.the.Hants.County.line..On.the.west.it.is.bounded.by.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.East.Hants. municipal.line. 31.. Hants West:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bay.of.Fundy..On.the.east,.south,.and.west,.it.is. bounded.by.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.West.Hants.municipal.line. 32. Inverness:.It.is.entirely.bounded.by.the.Inverness.County.line.until.it.reaches.the.Town.of.Port. Hawkesbury.community.boundary,.which.it.follows.around.the.town.until.it.again.reaches.the. Inverness.County.line. 33.. Kings North:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bay.of.Fundy.and.on.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the. Minas.Basin.(Bay.of.Fundy)..On.the.south,.from.the.Minas.Basin,.the.boundary.runs.west.following.the. Cornwallis.River.to.the.Town.of.Kentville.municipal.boundary,.which.it.follows.south.and.west,.so.as. to.include.the.Town.of.Kentville..The.boundary.then.continues.west,.following.the.Cornwallis.River.to. Highway.101,.which.it.follows.until.Black.Rock.Road..On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Black.Rock.Road. 34.. Kings South:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Minas.Basin.(Bay.of.Fundy).and.the.Avon.River..On. the.north,.from.the.Minas.Basin,.the.boundary.runs.west.following.the.Cornwallis.River.to.the.Town. of.Kentville.municipal.boundary,.which.it.follows.south.and.west,.so.as.not.to.include.the.Town.of. Kentville.within.the.district.boundaries..The.boundary.then.continues.west,.following.the.Cornwallis. River.to.Highway.101.until.a.point.west.of.Ratchford.Road..On.the.west,.the.boundary.runs.south,. parallel.to.Smith.Avenue,.Miller.Lane,.and.Joudrey.Mountain.Road.until.it.reaches.Randolph.Road.. It.then.follows.Sharpe.Brook.south.to.Little.Brown.Road..From.this.point,.it.continues.south.for. approximately.5500.metres.until.North.River.Road,.where.it.continues.south.between.Aylesford.Lake. and.Gaspereau.Lake,.where.it.turns.southeast.to.the.Kings/Lunenburg.County.Line..On.the.south,.it. is.bounded.by.the.Kings.County.line. 35.. Kings West:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Bay.of.Fundy..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Black. Rock.Road,.east.to.Highway.101.to.a.point.west.of.Ratchford.Road..From.this.point,.the.boundary. runs.south,.parallel.to.Smith.Avenue,.Miller.Lane,.and.Joudrey.Mountain.Road.until.it.reaches. Randolph.Road..It.then.follows.Sharpe.Brook.south.to.Little.Brown.Road..From.this.point,.it.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

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continues.south.for.approximately.5500.metres.until.North.River.Road,.where.it.continues.south. between.Aylesford.Lake.and.Gaspereau.Lake,.where.it.turns.southeast.to.the.Kings/Lunenburg. County.line..On.the.south.and.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Kings.County.line. 36.. Lunenburg:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Lunenburg.County.line..On.the.west,.from.a.point. just.west.of.Highway.10,.it.follows.the.rail.line.southeast.to.New.Germany.Lake,.then.west.of. LaHave.River.until.the.intersection.of.Osborne.Road.and.Veinot.Road..It.then.follows.the.LaHave. River.and.does.not.include.the.Town.of.Bridgewater,.following.the.eastern.town.boundary.back. to.the.river.and.following.the.west.shore.of.the.river.to.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south,.it.is. bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean,.and.on.the.east.it.is.bounded.by.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of. Lunenburg.eastern.boundary. 37.. Lunenburg West:.It.is.bounded.on.the.north.by.the.Annapolis/Lunenburg.County.line,.starting. at.the.intersection.of.the.Annapolis/Lunenburg/Queens.County.line.and.running.northeast.to.the. rail.line..It.follows.the.rail.line.southeast.to.New.Germany.Lake,.then.west.of.LaHave.River.until.the. intersection.of.Osborne.Road.and.Veinot.Road..It.then.follows.the.LaHave.River.and.includes.the. Town.of.Bridgewater,.following.the.eastern.town.boundary.back.to.the.river.and.following.the.west. shore.of.the.river.to.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the. west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Lunenburg/.Queens.County.line. 38.. Northside-Westmount:.The.northern.boundary.starts.at.Alder.Point.and.follows.the.coastline.east. into.Sydney.Harbour.until.it.intersects.with.Highway.125..It.then.follows.Highway.125.northwest. until.it.intersects.with.Highway.105..It.follows.Highway.105.west.until.it.reaches.Little.Bras.dOr,. then.turns.north.along.the.coast.to.Alder.Point. 39.. Pictou Centre:.On.the.north,.from.the.East.River.of.Pictou,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Town.of.Trenton. municipal.boundary..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Town.of.Trenton.and.The.Town.of.New. Glasgow.municipal.boundaries.until.the.East.River.of.Pictou..From.this.point,.the.boundary.follows. the.Town.of.Stellarton.municipal.boundary.south..On.the.south.and.west,.it.continues.following. the.Town.of.Stellartons.municipal.boundary.until.it.intersects.with.the.Town.of.New.Glasgows. municipal.boundary.once.again..It.continues.following.this.boundary.north.until.it.reaches.the.East. River.of.Pictou,.where.it.again.follows.the.Town.of.Trentons.municipal.boundary.north.until.the. mouth.of.the.East.River.of.Pictou. 40.. Pictou East:.On.the.west,.from.just.north.of.where.the.Halifax.County.boundary.intersects.the. Pictou/Colchester.County.boundary,.the.boundary.runs.northeast.for.approximately.13.kilometres. to.a.point.where.Glengarry.Road.intersects.with.the.Glengarry.StationLorne.community.boundary.. From.this.point,.it.runs.north.following.White.Hill.Road.until.it.intersects.with.Marshdale.Road..The. boundary.then.turns.northeast.and.runs.for.approximately.2800.metres.until.it.reaches.Halliday. Road,.which.it.follows.to.Foxbrook.Road.until.the.Town.of.Westville.municipal.boundary..From.this.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

point,.it.wraps.around.the.Town.of.Westville,.so.as.to.include.it..It.follows.the.Town.of.Westville. boundary.until.it.intersects.the.southern.border.of.The.Town.of.Stellarton.municipal.boundary.. It.follows.this.boundary.east.and.north.to.The.Town.of.New.Glasgow.municipal.boundary,.which. it.follows.east.and.north.to.the.Town.of.Trenton.municipal.boundary,.which.it.follows.north.and. west.to.the.East.River.of.Pictou.and.into.Northumberland.Strait..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by. Northumberland.Strait..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Pictou/Antigonish.County.line,.and.on.the. south.it.is.bounded.by.the.Pictou/Guysborough.County.line. 41.. Pictou West:.It.is.bounded.on.the.north.by.Northumberland.Strait.from.the.Colchester/.Pictou. County.lines.to.the.mouth.of.Pictou.Harbour..It.is.bounded.on.the.west.by.the.Colchester/Pictou. County.line,.running.from.the.shoreline.of.Northumberland.Strait.south.to.a.point.along.the. Colchester/Pictou.County.line,.just.north.of.the.Halifax.County.line..On.the.east,.it.runs.northeast. for.approximately.13.kilometres.to.a.point.where.Glengarry.Road.intersects.with.the.Glengarry. StationLorne.community.boundary..From.this.point,.it.runs.north.following.White.Hill.Road.until. it.intersects.with.Marshdale.Road..The.boundary.then.turns.northeast,.and.runs.for.approximately. 2800.metres.until.it.reaches.Halliday.Road,.which.it.follows.to.Foxbrook.Road.until.the.Town. of.Westville.municipal.boundary..From.this.point,.it.wraps.around.the.municipal.boundary,.not. including.the.Town.of.Westville.within.its.boundaries..It.follows.the.Town.of.Westvilles.north. border.to.The.Town.of.Stellarton.municipal.boundary.to.the.western.borders.of.The.Town. of.New.Glasgow.and.the.Town.of.Trenton,.which.run.into.the.East.River.of.Pictou.and.onto. Northumberland.Strait. 42.. Queens-Shelburne:.It.is.bounded.on.the.south.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.east,.it.is.bounded. by.the.Queens/Lunenburg.County.line..On.the.north,.it.follows.the.Queens/Annapolis.County.line. west.until.it.intersects.with.the.Albany.New.community.boundary..It.follows.this.boundary.north.until. Mersey.Road..It.continues.north.until.the.end.of.this.road,.then.runs.west,.following.an.unidentified. brook.to.an.unidentified.lake..It.then.continues.west,.following.the.northern.boundaries.of. Northfield,.Maitland.Bridge.and.Kejimkujik.National.Park.until.the.Annapolis/Digby.County.line,. which.it.follows.south.to.the.northern.boundary.of.the.Queens.County.line..From.this.point,.it.turns. west.following.the.northern.boundaries.of.Queens.County.and.Shelburne.County.until.it.intersects. the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Barrington.municipal.line..On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the. eastern.boundary.of.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Barrington. 43.. Sackville:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Highway.101..On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Halifax/ Hants.County.line..On.the.east,.it.follows.the.rail.line.southeast.until.a.point.west.of.Sidhu.Drive.. From.this.point,.the.boundary.turns.east.to.Beaver.Bank.Road,.which.it.follows.to.Galloway.Drive,. where.it.follows.an.unidentified.brook.to.Box.Mill.Brook.to.the.point.where.the.Beaver.Bank.and. Windsor.Junction.community.boundaries.intersect..From.this.point,.the.boundary.runs.south.and. west,.following.the.Beaver.Bank.community.boundary.until.it.reaches.Millwood.Drive..From.this. point,.it.follows.Beaver.Bank.Road.south.to.Highway.101.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

65

44.. Sackville-Cobequid:.On.the.east,.it.is.bounded.by.Highway.102.until.it.intersects.Highway.101.. On.the.south,.it.is.bounded.by.Highway.101.to.the.Sackville.River.to.Beaver.Bank.Road..On.the. west,.it.is.bounded.by.Beaver.Bank.Road.to.Millwood.Drive,.where.it.continues.north.following.the. Sackville.community.boundary..Along.the.north,.it.follows.the.Sackville.community.boundary.east,. and.south.intersecting.Cobequid.Road,.running.along.Lakeview.Road.to.Highway.102... 45.. Sydney:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Sydney.Harbour..On.the.north,.from.Sydney.Harbour,.the. boundary.follows.the.Sydney.community.boundary,.running.between.Grant.Street.and.Birchwood. Lane,.parallel.to.MacLeods.Hill.until.the.Lingan.Road.community.boundary..It.continues.east.along. the.community.boundary.for.approximately.500.metres.and.then.turns.south,.where.it.reconnects. with.the.Lingan.Road.community.boundary,.running.parallel.to.Dryden.Avenue..It.continues. following.the.community.boundary.south.until.a.point.south.of.Military.Road,.at.which.it.turns.south. and.runs.for.approximately.2300.metres,.intersecting.the.Sydney.Port.Access.Road,.until.Grand. Lake.Road..It.then.follows.Grand.Lake.Road.west.to.Reeves.Street,.where.it.runs.south.along.Reeves. Street.to.Upper.Prince.Street,.southwest.along.Upper.Prince.Street.just.past.the.intersection.with. Centennial.Drive,.where.it.turns.south.and.southeast,.connecting.to.Highway.125.at.a.point.south.of. Cossitt.Heights.Drive..It.follows.Highway.125.south.to.exit.8,.turns.northwest.and.follows.the.Sydney. community.boundary.to.the.Membertou.community.boundary.to.the.southwestern.point.where.the. Sydney.and.Membertou.community.boundaries.intersect..Heading.northwest,.it.follows.the.southern. extent.of.the.Sydney.community.boundary.to.the.shoreline.of.Sydney.Harbour. 46.. Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg:.On.the.south,.from.the.Atlantic.Ocean,.it.follows.the. Richmond/Cape.Breton.County.line.northwest.until.the.Mira.River..It.follows.the.Mira.River.north. until.it.reaches.Morley.Road,.which.it.follows.to.Kings.Road.(Highway.4).to.Eskasoni.Road..It. turns.northwest.and.follows.the.Portage.community.boundary.to.the.Blacketts.Lake.community. boundary,.turning.northwest.for.approximately.700.metres..It.then.turns.northeast.and.intersects. Coxheath.Road.north.of.where.Portage.Brook.merges.with.the.Sydney.River..The.boundary.turns. north.and.runs.to.the.intersection.of.Highway.125.and.Frenchvale.Road,.then.follows.Highway.125. northeast.to.Sydney.River,.where.it.turns.north.and.follows.the.shoreline.to.the.Sydney.community. boundary..It.follows.the.Sydney.community.boundary.east.to.the.Membertou.community.boundary,. then.northwest.along.the.Membertou.community.boundary.and.back.to.the.Sydney.community. boundary..It.follows.the.Sydney.community.boundary.to.exit.8.of.Highway.125,.then.follows. Highway.125.to.a.point.south.of.Cossitt.Heights.Drive,.where.it.turns.northwest.and.north.to.Prince. Street.near.the.intersection.with.Centennial.Drive..Following.Prince.Street.to.Reeves.Street,.it.runs. north.to.Grand.Lake.Road,.where.it.follows.Grand.Lake.Road.to.the.intersection.of.Highway.125. and.Highway.4..Heading.northeast.on.Highway.4.to.a.point.just.past.Garth.Wilson.Avenue,.it.turns. southeast.for.approximately.1200.metres,.then.turns.northeast,.running.parallel.to.Highway.4. until.the.property.line.of.the.Sydney.International.Airport..Following.the.airport.property.to.the. northeastern.boundary,.it.runs.east.and.connects.to.the.Glace.Bay.community.boundary,.where. it.then.follows.the.boundary.to.the.intersection.of.Birch.Grove.Road.and.Highway.255..It.then.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

follows.Highway.255.to.the.shoreline.of.Big.Glace.Bay..It.is.bounded.on.the.north.and.east.by.the. Atlantic.Ocean. 47.. Timberlea-Prospect:.On.the.east,.from.the.Atlantic.Ocean,.it.runs.from.the.western.edge.of.West. Pennant.to.the.east.shore.of.Ragged.Lake,.through.The.Two.Lakes,.through.Moody.Lake,.follows.a. river.along.the.north.shore.of.Run.Lake,.goes.through.Sheas.Lake,.through.Spruce.Hill.Lake,.and. through.Long.Lake.Provincial.Park.along.the.western.shore.of.Long.Lake.to.St.Margarets.Bay.Road.. From.this.point,.it.turns.northwest.to.Highway.103.and.wraps.around.Bayers.Lake.Industrial.Park. to.a.point.just.north.of.where.Highway.102.and.Chain.Lake.Drive.intersect..It.then.follows.Highway. 102.north.to.a.point.east.of.Washmill.Lake..On.the.north,.it.runs.west.from.Highway.102.through. Washmill.Lake,.south.of.Ash.Lake,.slightly.north.of.Frasers.Lake,.and.through.Maple.Lake.to.a.point. northeast.of.Sussex.Drive,.where.it.turns.south.to.Highway.103..It.then.follows.Highway.103.west. until.it.intersects.Hammonds.Plains.Road..On.the.west,.it.follows.Hammonds.Plains.Road.south.until. St..Margarets.Bay.Road..From.this.point,.the.boundary.runs.southeast.in.a.straight.line.through.the. eastern.shore.of.Long.Lake,.through.Big.Five.Bridge.Lake,.and.Moores.Lake.to.Upper.Pond,.through. which.it.runs.into.Shad.Bay,.which.it.follows.to.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.south.it.is.bounded.by.the. Atlantic.Ocean. 48.. Truro-Bible Hill:.On.the.north,.from.the.mouth.of.the.Cobequid.Bay,.it.runs.east.following.the. Salmon.River.and.the.northern.Truro.community.boundary.to.the.Bible.Hill.community.boundary,. which.it.follows.east,.south,.and.west.to.a.point.just.south.of.Warren.Drive..From.this.point,.it. runs.southeast.for.approximately.2300.metres.until.it.reaches.the.intersection.of.the.community. boundaries.for.Truro,.Salmon.River,.and.Murray.Siding..It.continues.following.the.Truro.community. boundary.south.and.west.until.it.reaches.the.Millbrook.27.Reserve..It.follows.this.boundary.west. and.north.until.it.reconnects.with.the.Truro.community.boundary,.which.it.follows.north.into. Cobequid.Bay. 49.. Victoria-The Lakes:.It.is.bounded.on.the.west.by.the.Inverness/Victoria.County.line,.starting.in.the. south.at.Little.Narrows.on.the.Bras.dOr.Lakes.and.heading.north.to.Meat.Cove..It.is.bounded.on. the.north.from.Meat.Cove.and.follows.the.shoreline.southeast.to.the.mouth.of.St..Andrews.Channel. at.Point.Aconi..The.boundary.then.heads.south,.following.the.west.side.of.St..Andrews.Channel.to. where.it.intersects.with.Highway.105,.then.follows.Highway.105.east.to.Highway.125..It.follows. Highway.125.to.where.it.intersects.with.Frenchvale.Road,.turning.south.and.running.to.a.point. on.Coxheath.Road.north.of.where.Portage.Brook.merges.with.Sydney.River..The.boundary.then. turns.southwest.to.a.point.on.the.Blacketts.Lake.community.boundary.approximately.700.metres. northwest.of.the.boundary.between.Gillis.Lake.and.Blacketts.Lake.communities,.turning.southeast. to.the.Portage.community.line..It.follows.the.Portage.community.line.southwest.to.the.intersection. of.Highway.4.and.Highway.216,.then.follows.the.shoreline.of.the.Bras.dOr.Lake.south.and.west.to. where.the.Inverness/Victoria.County.line.intersects.with.the.lake.shoreline.near.Little.Narrows.

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

67

50.. Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank:.On.the.north,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Hants/Halifax.County.line.. On.the.east,.it.follows.Highway.102.south.until.it.intersects.Aerotech.Drive..From.this.point,.the. boundary.runs.southeast.until.it.reaches.an.unidentified.brook,.which.it.follows.south.through. Soldier.Lake..It.then.turns.east.at.the.southern.point.of.Soldier.Lake.and.runs.along.the.northern. borders.of.the.communities.of.Waverley.and.Preston.to.Three.Mile.Lake..On.the.east,.the.boundary. runs.south.through.Three.Mile.Lake,.Long.Duck.Lake,.and.East.Lake,.where.it.turns.west.and.runs. through.Lake.Major,.parallel.to.Willowhill.Ridge,.to.Highway.118..It.follows.Highway.118.south.to. a.point.west.of.Lake.Charles,.where.it.runs.west.for.approximately.2000.metres,.until.it.reaches. the.rail.line.northeast.of.Anderson.Lake..It.then.follows.the.rail.line.south.to.Windmill.Road..On. the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.Windmill.Road.to.the.Bedford.Bypass.to.the.railroad.to.Rocky.Lake. Drive,.around.Quarrystone.Drive.and.back.to.Rocky.Lake.Drive,.and.through.Rocky.Lake.until. Highway.102..From.this.point.it.follows.Highway.102.northeast.to.Lakeview.Road.to.Cobequid. Road.to.a.point.west.of.the.railroad..It.then.runs.northwest,.parallel.to.the.rail.line,.turns.west. through.Second.Lake,.turns.northeast,.parallel.to.Capilano.Drive.and.Briancrest.Road,.to.Box.Mill. Brook,.which.it.follows.west.to.an.unidentified.brook,.which.runs.west.parallel.to.Galloway.Drive. to.Beaver.Bank.Road..It.then.turns.south,.and.follows.Beaver.Bank.Road.until.it.reaches.Sidhu. Drive..From.this.point,.it.turns.west.and.runs.approximately.1000.metres.west.to.the.rail.line.. From.this.point.it.follows.the.rail.line.northwest.to.the.Hants/Halifax.County.line. 51.. Yarmouth:.On.the.west,.it.is.bounded.by.the.Atlantic.Ocean..On.the.north,.from.the.Atlantic. Ocean,.the.boundary.follows.the.Yarmouth/Digby.County.line.until.it.intersects.the.Municipality.of. the.District.of.Argyle.municipal.line..On.the.east,.from.this.point,.it.runs.southwest,.following.the. Municipality.of.the.District.of.Yarmouth.and.the.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Argyle.municipal.line. to.the.Atlantic.Ocean.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Appendix B: Public Meetings Schedule (first round)


Lower.Sackville:. Dartmouth:. Halifax:. Cherry.Brook:.. Middleton:.. Thursday,.March.15,.79.p.m.. Location:.Sackville.Fire.Hall,.1.Metropolitan.Ave Friday,.March.16,.68.p.m.. Location:.Cole.Harbour.Place,.51.Forest.Hills.Parkway Saturday,.March.17,.13.p.m.. Location:.Quality.Inn.and.Suites,.980.Parkland.Drive Saturday,.March.17,.68.p.m.. Location:.Black.Cultural.Centre,.10.Cherry.Brook.Road Saturday,.March.24,.13.p.m.. Location:.Nova.Scotia.Community.College,.Annapolis.Valley.Campus,. 295.Commercial.St Saturday,.March.31,.13.p.m.. . Location:.Wandlyn.Inn,.Highway.104,.Exit.3 Saturday,.March.31,.79.p.m.. Location:.Holiday.Inn.Express,.86.Lawrence.Blvd Thursday,.April.12,.7-9.p.m.. Location:.Old.Ashburn.Golf.Club Friday,.April.13,.68.p.m.. Location:.Louisdale.&.District.Fire.Hall,.Grand.Anse Saturday,.April.14,.13.p.m.. Location:.Membertou.Trade.and.Convention.Centre,.50.Maillard.St Saturday,.April.14,.6.8.p.m... Location:.Inverary.Resort,.368.Shore.Road. Thursday,.April.19,.68.p.m.. Location:.Salle.Pre-Maurice-LeBlanc.in.Centre.communautaire.de. Par-en-Bas.,.4258,.Route.308

Amherst:. Stellarton:. Halifax:.. Louisdale:.. Sydney:.. Baddeck:.. Tusket:.

Church.Point/Pointe.de.lglise:.. Friday,.April.20,.68.p.m.. Location:.Universit.Sainte.Anne,.1695,.Route.1 Bridgewater:.. Saturday,.April.21,.13.p.m... . Location:.NSCC,.Lunenburg.Campus,.75.High.St

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

69

Appendix C: Public Meetings Schedule (second round)


Port.Hawkesbury:. Westville:. Sydney:. Halifax:.. Yarmouth:.. Bridgewater:. Tuesday,.August.7,.68.p.m.. Location:.Port.Hawkesbury.Civic.Centre,.606.Reeves.Street Wednesday,.August.8,.68.p.m.. Location:.Westville.Civic.Centre,.2042.Queen.Street Thursday,.August.9,.68.p.m.. Location:.Ukrainian.Hall,.51.West.Street Monday,.August.13,.68.p.m.. Location:.Atlantica.Hotel.Halifax,.1980.Robie.Street Monday,.August.13,.68.p.m.. Location:.Mariners.Centre,.31.Cottage.Street Tuesday,.August.14,.68.p.m.. . Location:.Best.Western.Plus.Bridgewater.Hotel.and.Convention. Centre,.527.Highway.10,.Exit.12

Church.Point/Pointe.de.lglise:. Tuesday,.August.14,.68.p.m.. Location:.Universit.Ste..Anne,.Gymnasium,.1695.Route.1 Dartmouth:.. Wednesday,.August.15,.6-8.p.m.. Location:.Holiday.Inn.Halifax,.Harbourview.and.Conference.Centre,. 101.Wyse.Road Thursday,.August.16,.6-8.p.m.. Location:.Annapolis.Royal.Fire.Hall,.5.Saint.Anthony.Street

Annapolis.Royal:.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Appendix D: Presenters (first round, in order of presentation)


Lower Sackville, Thursday, March 15 The.Honourable.Percy.Paris,.Minister.of.Economic.and.Rural.Development.and.Tourism,.. MLA,.Waverley-Fall.River-Beaver.Bank Mike.Cormier Stephen.Taylor Anthony.Benson Patrick.Doyle Mat.Whynott,.MLA,.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackville Steve.Craig Anthony.Martin Paul.Russell Dartmouth, Friday, March 16, 2012 Becky.Kent,.MLA,.Cole.Harbour-Eastern.Passage Mike.Trider Robert.Harpelle Doug.Williams Barry.Alexander J..Dianne.Geddes Jim.Geddes Halifax, Saturday, March 17, 2012 Claude.Renard,.President,.Conseil.Communautaire.du.Grand-Harve Jules.Chiasson,.Executive.Director,.Conseil.Communautaire.du.Grand-Harve Mary.Ann.McGrath Howard.Epstein,.MLA,.Halifax.Chebucto Peter.Christie Joan.Christie Kevin.Lacey,.Atlantic.Director,.Canadian.Taxpayers.Federation Colin.ONeil Michael.Kennedy Diana.Whalen,.MLA,.Halifax-Clayton.Park Peter.Bragg

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

71

Cherry Brook, Saturday, March 17, 2012 Connor.Smithersmapp Yvonne.Atwell,.East.Preston.Ratepayers.Association Conrad.Grosse Alma.Johnston Dolly.Williams Pastor.Wayne.Desmond Middleton, Saturday, March 24, 2012 D..Kent.Robinson Linda.Gregory Darrell.Hannam The.Honourable.Ramona.Jennex,.Minister.of.Education,.MLA,.Kings.South The.Honourable.Stephen.R..McNeil,.Leader.of.the.Official.Opposition,.MLA,.Annapolis Amherst, Saturday, March 31, 2012 Gary.Miller Paul.Giroux Stellarton, Saturday, March 31, 2012 Wayne.Pierce,.President,.Pictou.West.Constituency.Association,.New.Democratic.Party Maurice.(Moe).Smith,.MLA,.Antigonish Halifax, Thursday, April 12, 2012 David.Finlayson,.Bedford-Birch.Cove.Progressive.Conservative.Association Stephen.Caines Elaine.Loney Louisdale, Friday, April 13, 2012 Jacklyn.Samson Marie.Brunelle.and.Michel.de.Noncourt Joel.Lefort Victor.David,.Deputy.Warden,.the.Municipality.of.the.County.of.Richmond Frank.Comeau Gabrielle.Samson Steve.Samson,.Councillor,.the.Municipality.of.the.County.of.Richmond Michel.Samson,.MLA,.Richmond

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Sydney, Saturday, April 14, 2012 John.Shaw Earle.O..Tubrett Heather.Paterson,.Treasurer,.Cape.Breton.South.New.Democratic.Party.Association.and.John.Evans,. President,.Cape.Breton.Nova.New.Democratic.Party.Association Ron.MacDonald,.President,.Cape.Breton.North.Progressive.Conservative.Association Hugh.Kennedy,.President,.Cape.Breton.West.Progressive.Conservative.Association Baddeck, Saturday, April 14, 2012 Stephen.MacAskill,.President,.Victoria-The.Lakes.Liberal.Association Sandy.Hudson,.Chief.Administrative.Officer,.Municipality.of.the.County.of.Victoria Bob.Greer Jim.Morrow Joan.OLiari,.Victoria-The.Lakes.New.Democratic.Party.Association Keith.Bain,.MLA,.Victoria-The.Lakes Tusket, Thursday, April 19, 2012 Ral.Boudreau,.prsident,.Chambre.de.commerce.dArgyle.Chamber.of.Commerce,.and.Peter.Boudreau Clinton.Saulnier,.President,.Argyle.Progressive.Conservative.Association Therese.Boucher,.Socit.historique.et.gnalogique.dArgyle Clyde.deViller.and.Norbert.LeBlanc,.prsident,.Conseil.acadien.de.Par-en-Bas Maurice.leBlanc,.Prsident.du.Conseil.des.arts.de.Par-en-Bas Allain.Muise,.Chief.Administrative.Officer.and.Warden.Aldric.dEntremont,.Municipalit.dArgyle Coral.A..dEntremont,.secrtaire.du.Rveil.de.Pombcoup Bernice.dEntremont,.Responsable.du.Muse.des.Acadiens.des.Pubnicos Ccile.dEntremont.Bourque,.Association.des.Acadiennes.de.la.rgion.dArgyle Jean.dEntremont,.prsidente.du.comit.rgional.dArgyle.du.Regroupement.des.ans.de.la. Nouvelle-cosse Noe.Bourque,.prsident.du.Comit.jeunesse.de.Par-en-Bas Joshua.Shaw,.prsident.du.conseil.tudiant.de.cole.secondaire.de.Par-en-Bas Ghislain.Boudreau,.prsident.de.la.Fdration.culturelle.acadienne.de.la.Nouvelle-cosse Chris.dEntremont,.MLA,.Argyle Dsir.Boudreau,.prsident.de.la.Chorale.acadienne.du.sud-ouest Natalie.Ibbott-Smith,.prsidente.Argyle.Farmers.Market Ghislaine.dEon,.directrice.gnrale.de.lquipe.alphabtisation.Nouvelle-cosse Lisa.Landry-Shaw,.directrice.du.Jardin.des.petits Calvin.dEntremont,.Village.historique.acadien.de.la.Nouvelle-cosse Donald.W..Jacquard,.Association.du.Muse.de.Wedgeport Louis.dEntremont,.Association.du.parti.libral.dArgyle

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

73

Briar.Spinney.and.Nicole.Thimot,.jeunes.de.cole.secondaire.de.Clare Leland.Anthony,.Warden,.Municipality.of.Yarmouth Byron.Boudreau,.Deputy.Mayor,.Town.of.Yarmouth Church Point, Friday, April 20, 2012 Jean.Melanson,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Clare Paul.Comeau,.President,.and.Kristanne.Chandler,.Clare.Civic.Association Ronald.Robichaud,.Prsident.and.Jean.Lger,.Directeur.gnral,.Fdration.acadienne.de.la. Nouvelle-cosse.(FANE) Wayne.Gaudet,.MLA,.Clare Kenneth.Deveau,.Universit.Sainte-Anne,.on.behalf.of.President.and.Vice-Chancellor.Allister.Surette Diane.Besner,.prsidente,.and.Elaine.Thimot,.directrice.gnrale,.La.Socit.acadienne.de.Clare Lori-Lynn.Comeau,.Conseil.Jeunesse.provincial.(CJP).and.Jonah.Guillmond,.student.from.cole. secondaire.de.Clare.(ESDC) Charles.MacDougall,.Sara.Sabry.and.Nomie.Losier,.students.from.cole.Rose.des.VentsGreenwood Ghislaine.LeBlanc,.prsidente,.Festival.acadien.de.Clare Guy.J..Le.Blanc Ghislaine.LeBlanc.and.Janice.LeBlanc Joline.LeBlanc.and.Clyde.Deveau,.Foyer.Maison.Jerme Daniel.Robichaud Anne.LeBlanc Angeline.Thimot Marc.Boudreau,.Clare.Progressive.Conservative.Association Suzanne.Saulnier,.directrice,.and.Patricia.Theriault.(board.member),.Centre.provincial.de.ressources. prscolaires.(CPRPS) Marcel.Cottreau James.Crombie,.PhD,.professor.at.Universit.Sainte-Anne Colette.Deveau.King Bridgewater, Saturday, April 21, 2012 Karen.Reinhardt Edward.(Ted).Bulley Gary.Ramey,.MLA,.Lunenburg.West Pam.Birdsall,.MLA,.Lunenburg William.Cox Keith.Sullivan David.Young Carolyn.Bolivar-Getson

74

Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Appendix E: Presenters (second round, in order of presentation)


Port Hawkesbury, Tuesday, August 7, 2012 John.Pettipas Joel.Lefort Danny.Graham Neil.Decoff,.President,.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.Progressive.Conservative.Association,.Herman.Long,. Vice-President,.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.Progressive.Conservative.Association.and.Ron.Chisholm Richard.Cotton Gabrielle.Samson David.Clark,.Warden,.St..Marys.Municipality Victor.David,.Deputy.Warden,.Richmond.County Bert.Lewis Michel.Samson,.MLA,.Richmond Allan.MacMaster,.MLA,.Inverness Westville, Wednesday, August 8, 2012 Wayne.Pierce,.President,.Pictou.West.Constituency.Association,.New.Democratic.Party Clarrie.MacKinnon,.MLA,.Pictou.East Jim.Boudreau,.MLA,.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour Tyler.Cameron His.Worship.Mayor.Roger.MacKay,.Town.of.Westville The.Honourable.Charlie.Parker,.Minister.of.Natural.Resources,.Minister.of.Energy,.MLA,.Pictou.West Gordon.Anderson.and.Raymond.Kirk Chester.Dewar Deborah.Stiles Ronald.Baillie,.Warden,.Municipality.of.Pictou.County Rick.Young Darren.Thompson Lawrence.Dunn Glenn.MacLeod David.Parker Milton.Fraser Mary.K..MacKinnon Luke.Young Andy.Thompson,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.Pictou.County Gerald.Romsa Rose.MacKenzie Charlie.Sullivan

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Sydney, Thursday, August 9, 2012 Tim.Menk,.Barry.Sheehy.and.Gene.Kersey,.Friends.of.Gabarus.Society Sandra.Dunn Owen.Fitzgerald The.Honourable.Gordie.Gosse,.MLA,.Cape.Breton.Nova Jim.MacLeod John.Danch Kathleen.Burke Elizabeth.Beaton Donelda.MacDonald Halifax, Monday, August, 13, 2012 Rob.Batherson Bernard.K..Conrad The.Honourable.Percy.Paris,.Minister.for.Economic.and.Rural.Development.and.Tourism,.MLA,. Waverley-Fall.River-Beaver.Bank The.Honourable.Maurice.G..Smith,.Minister.of.Transportation.and.Infrastructure.Renewal,.MLA,. Antigonish Geoff.Le.Boutillier Jim.Carwardine Gwen.Christie Ren.E..Lavoie,.PhD,.St..Margarets.Bay.Stewardship.Association Bill.Swan Peter.Lund,.Councillor,.Halifax.Regional.Municipality Michael.Poworoznyk The.Honourable.David.Wilson,.Minister.of.Health.and.Wellness,.MLA,.Sackville-Cobequid Cathy.Crouse,.St..Margarets.Bay.Stewardship.Association Cathy.Gamache,.Aspotogan.Heritage.Trust Rick.Grant Mary.Ann.McGrath,.Chair,.Kearney.Lake.Residents.Association Mat.Whynott,.MLA,.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackville The.Honourable.Denise.Petersen-Rafuse,.Minister.of.Community.Services,.MLA,.Chester-St..Margarets Shelley.Webb Diana.Whalen,.MLA,.Halifax.Clayton.Park Michle.Raymond,.MLA,.Halifax.Atlantic Ed.Giles Alan.Ruffman

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Yarmouth, Monday, August 13, 2012 Marie-Germaine.Chartran Zach.Churchill,.MLA,.Yarmouth John.Sollows His.Worship.Mayor.Phil.Mooney,.Town.of.Yarmouth Ken.Crosby,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Yarmouth John.Cunningham,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Yarmouth Dick.Stewart Mike.Mercier,.Yarmouth.Chamber.of.Commerce John.Nause,.PhD,.President,.Yarmouth.Liberal.Association,.and.Michael.Drew Richard.Brezet,.Yarmouth.Historical.Society Shirley.Sherman Steve.Paquette The.Honourable.Chris.dEntremont,.MLA,.Argyle,.and.Clinton.Saulnier,.President,.Argyle.Progressive. Conservative.Association Ral.Boudreau,.Yarmouth.Chamber.of.Commerce Leland.Anthony,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Yarmouth Brittany-Jean.Blake Ken.Langille.for.Aaron.LeBlanc Leigh.Hawkes Brian.Boudreau,.Board.of.Directors,.Yarmouth.Progressive.Conservative.Association John.Morris,.Yarmouth.New.Democratic.Party.Association Aldric.dEntremont,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Argyle Neil.MacKenzie,.Councillor,.Town.of.Yarmouth Clyde.deViller.and.Norbert.LeBlanc,.Prsident,.Conseil.acadien.de.Par-en-Bas Stephen.Sollows Deborah.Robinson,.Chief,.Acadia.First.Nation Maurice.LeBlanc Murray.Judge Eric.J..Ruff David.Sollows Marianna.Pezaris Louis.dEntremont Kelly.Bellamon Church Point/Pointe-de-lglise, Tuesday, August 14 Jean.LeBlanc,.Chez.Jean.Restaurant Charles.Gaudet,.directeur.gnral,.and.Ronald.Robichaud,.prsident,.Fdration.acadienne.de.la. Nouvelle-cosse

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Claire.Comeau.Boulianne Jean.Melanson,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Clare/Prfet,.Municipalit.du.district.de.Clare Colette.Deveau.King Bridgewater, Tuesday, August 14, 2012 Mark.Furey David.Mitchell His.Worship.Mayor.Don.Downe,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Lunenburg Lee.Nauss,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Lunenburg Eric.Hustvedt,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the.District.of.Lunenburg Pam.Birdsall,.MLA,.Lunenburg Gary.Ramey,.MLA,.Lunenburg.West Vicki.Conrad,.MLA,.Queens Karen.Reinhardt Carolyn.Bolivar-Getson Sheldon.Brannen Bill.Cox Evelyn.Snyder Dartmouth, Wednesday, August 15, 2012 Lucien.Comeau David.Hendsbee,.Councillor,.Halifax.Regional.Municipality.(HRM) Lois.Miller Daniel.Boutin David.Nantes The.Honourable.Darrell.Dexter,.Premier,.Province.of.Nova.Scotia,.MLA,.Cole.Harbour Tracey.Preeper Kevin.Lacey Pete.Smith Ed.Kinley Maureen.Vine William.Moland Agnes.Elms Michael.Cormier Zachery.Comeau Andrew.Younger,.MLA,.Dartmouth.East Allan.Billard Joanne.Jardine Bev.Doman

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Margie.Vaughan Robert.Hammer Annapolis Royal, Thursday, August 16, 2012 The.Honourable.Stephen.R..McNeil,.Leader.of.the.Official.Opposition,.MLA,.Annapolis Ray.Mackie Jane.Nicholson Helen.Opie Gregory.Heming,.PhD Burton.Leathers Wayne.Boucher Andreas.Kilian Jerri.Costa Paul.J..MacDonald Peter.Zavitz Wayne.MacDonald Harold.Theriault,.MLA,.Digby-Annapolis

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Appendix F: Written Submissions Received January 11May 31, 2012 (in alphabetical order)
Alexander,.Barry,.PEng,.CQMC Anthony,.Leland,.Warden,.Municipality.of.Yarmouth Bain,.Keith,.MLA,.Victoria-The.Lakes Belliveau,.Jeannine,.Regroupement.des.aines.et. ains.de.la.Nouvelle-cosse Bengivenni,.Trudy Besner,.Diane,.prsidente,.and.Elaine.Thimot,. directrice.gnrale,.La.Socit.acadienne. de.Clare Boudreau,.Byron,.Deputy.Mayor,.Town.of.Yarmouth Boudreau,.Ghislain,.prsidente.de.la. Fdration.culturelle.acadienne.de.la. Nouvelle-cosse.(FCANE) Boudreau,.Marc,.Clare.Progressive. Conservative.Association Boudreau,.Real,.prsident,.Chambre.de. commerce.dArgyle Boudreau,.Tim Buchanan,.Carol,.President,.Bedford-Birch.Cove. New.Democratic.Party.Riding.Association Bulley,.Edward.(Ted),.Provincial.Returning. Officer,.District.of.Queens Bumstead,.Justin Caines,.Steve Cameron,.Caroline,.Coordinator,.Comhairle.. na.Gidhlig Card,.Edgar Chaisson,.Jules,.Executive.Director,.le.Conseil. communautaire.du.Grand-Havre Christie,.Joan Christie,.Peter Clack,.Lyssa Comeau,.Claire Comeau,.Lorie-Lynn.(Conseil.Jeunesse.provincial CJP).and.Jonah.Guimond,.students.from.Ecole. secondaire.de.Clare.(ESDC) Comeau,.Lucien Comeau,.Paul,.President,.and.Kristanne.Chandler,. Director,.Clare.Civic.Association Comeau,.Paul-Emile,.prsident,.la.Fdration. rgionale.des.arts.et.du.patrimoine Comeau,.Phyllis Comeau,.Wayne Comeau,.Yvon,.lAssociation.le.Moulin.de.la.Baie. Sainte-Marie Cook,.Christopher,.A.,.President,. Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.New. Democratic.Party.Association Cormier,.Michael Cottreau,.Marcel Crombie,.James,.PhD,.Professor.at.Universit. Sainte-Anne Cunningham,.Trevor dEntremont,.Albenie,.Father,.Stella-Maris. Parish,.Meteghan dEntremont,.Aldric,.Warden,.and.Alain.D..Muise,. CA,.Chief.Administrative.Officer,.Municipality. of.the.District.of.Argyle dEntremont,.Bernice,.Head,.Muse.des.acadiens. des.Pubnicos dEntremont,.Coral.A.,.secrtaire.du.Rveil.. de.Pombcoup DEntremont,.Jean,.prsidente,.du.comit. rgional.dArgyle.du.Regroupement.des.ans. de.la.Nouvelle-cosse dEntremont.Bourque,.Ccile,.lAssociation.des. Acadiennes.de.la.region.dArgyle David,.Victor,.Deputy.Warden,.Municipality.of.the. County.of.Richmond De.Noncourt,.Michel,.Marie.Brunelle,.Clyde.de. Viller,.and.Norbert.LeBlanc,.prsident,.le. Conseil.acadien.de.Par-en-Bas

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Desprs,.Nol,.Grant.gnral,.Comeaus.Sea. Foods.Limited Deveau,.Kenneth,.PhD,.Vice.President,.Academic. and.Research,.Universit.Sainte-Anne Deveau.King,.Colette Doucet-Boudreau,.Glenda,.prsidente,. LAssociation.Madelaine.LeBlanc Downe,.Don,.Mayor,.Municipality.of.the.District. of.Lunenburg Embree,.Margaret.H. Epstein,.Howard,.MLA,.Halifax.Chebucto Evans,.John Finlayson,.David Finlayson,.David,.Bedford-Birch.Cove.Progressive. Conservative.Association Garnier,.Mary Gaudet,.M..Kenneth,.prsident.du.Conseil.scolaire. acadien.provincial,.and.Guy.J..LeBlanc Gaudet,.Wayne,.MLA,.Clare Gerrits,.Gerry Greer,.Bob Hammond,.Gordon Harpelle,.Robert Hudson,.A.W..(Sandy) Hudson,.Sandy,.Chief.Administrative.Officer,. Municipality.of.the.County.of.Victoria Ibbott-Smith,.Natalie Isnor,.Lynne Jacquard,.Donald.W.,.lAssociation.du.Muse.de. la.pche.sportive.au.thon.de.Wedgeport Jarvis,.Joseph.G. Jones,.Arnold.and.Janet Kelly,.Duncan Kennedy,.Hugh Kennedy,.Michael Kent,.Becky,.MLA,.Cole.Harbour-Eastern.Passage Landry-Shaw,.Lisa,.directrice,.Le.Jardin.des.Petits LeBlanc,.Alain LeBlanc,.Anne

LeBlanc,.Cyrille LeBlanc,.Ghislaine,.prsidente,.Festival.acadien. de.Clare LeBlanc,.Guy.J.,.board.of.directors,.Festival. acadien.de.Clare LeBlanc,.Maurice,.prsident.du.Conseil.des.arts. de.Par-en-Bas LeBlanc,.Paul.Emile,.prsident,.La.Chambre.de. commerce.de.Clare LeBlanc,.Raymond LeFort,.Joel Loney,.Elaine.A. Lugar,.Donna MacArthur,.Rod,.QC MacAskill,.Stephen MacAskill,.Stephen,.President,.Victoria-The.Lakes. Liberal.Association MacDonald,.Ron,.Cape.Breton.North.Progressive. Conservative.Association MacMaster,.Allan,.MLA,.Inverness MacVicar,.Ann Maillet,.Lucille,.Administratice,.Villa.Acadienne Martin,.Jean-Jacques.and.Louise McGrath,.Mary.Ann Melanson,.Jean,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the. District.of.Clare Miller,.Gary Norman,.Carol OBoyle,.Susan OLiari,.Joan Orrell,.Eddie Paris,.The.Honourable.Percy,.Minister.of.Economic. and.Rural.Development.and.Tourism,.MLA.for. Waverley-Fall.River-Beaver.Bank Patterson,.Heather,.Treasurer,.Cape.Breton. South.New.Democratic.Party.Constituency. Association,.and.John.Evans,.President,. Cape.Breton.Nova.New.Democratic.Party. Constituency.Association

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Pierce,.Wayne,.President.of.Riding.Association,. Pictou.West,.New.Democratic.Party Ramey,.Gary,.MLA,.Lunenburg.West Raymond,.Doug,.Secretary,.Kings.North. Progressive.Conservative.Association Regan,.Kelly,.MLA,.Bedford-Birch.Cove Reinhardt,.Karen Renard,.Claude,.prsident,.le.Conseil. communautaire.du.Grand-Havre Robichaud,.Ronald,.prsident,.and.Jean.Lger,. directeur.gnral,.Fdration.acadienne.de.la. Nouvelle-cosse Robinson,.D..Kent Rodgers,.Daniel Samson,.Gabrielle Samson,.Jacqueline,.directrice.gnrale,.La. Picasse,.centre.communautaire.culturel Saulnier,.Suzanna,.directrice,.and.Patricia. Theriault,.board.member,.Centre.provincial. de.ressources.prscolaires.(CPRPS) Savoury,.Micheline Shaw,.John Shaw,.Joshua,.prsident.du.Conseil.tudiant.de. cole.secondaire.de.Par-en-Bas Sheehan,.Peter Smith,.Maurice Thriault,.Grard Thimot,.Angeline Thimot,.Nicole Titus,.Everett,.Marine.Superintendent,.A.F.. Theriault.and.Son.Limited Trider,.Michael Tubrett,.Earle.O. Veevers,.Gregory Wall,.Brenda,.RCT Weagle,.Anthony Wilkie,.Gregory Williams,.Doug Williamson,.Marthanne

Wood,.Richard Young,.David.I.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Appendix G: Written Submissions Received June 1July 13, 2012 (in alphabetical order)
Aitken,.Jim Bannerman,.Blair Bannerman,.Mark.and.Selena Benson,.Ann.M.,.President,.Beaver.Bank. Kinsac.Seniors Benson,.Anthony Black,.Andrew Brown,.D..Scott Brown,.Janet Byrne,.Tim Casey,.Karen,.MLA,.Colchester.North Churchill,.Zack,.MLA,.Yarmouth Clack,.Lyssa Conrad,.Bernard.K. Conrad,.Merrill Cosman,.The.Honourable.Francene Dawson,.Lorraine Doucet,.Lester Dubinsky,.Dr..Leslie Dunlop,.W..Dale Fawson,.Pat Ferguson,.Jason Fiander,.Erin Furey,.Mark Geddes,.J..Dianne Gray,.Justin.and.Sherry Harris,.David Herron,.Bruce,.President,.Pictou.County.Chamber. of.Commerce Hirtle,.Patrick Holmes,.Louis.M. Hunt,.Jeffrey.R.,.Executive.Vice.President,. Progressive.Conservative.Party.of.Nova.Scotia Ipe,.Christopher,.and.Tanya.Nicholson Lanigan,.John Loney,.Elaine Loney,.Robert Lugar,.Brian Lugar,.Donna MacDonald,.Stephen MacHardy,.Joanne MacKay,.Bob MacKinnon,.Clarrie,.MLA,.Pictou.East MacLellan,.Marlene McCluskey,.Patrick McQuaid,.Janice Melanson,.Jean,.prfet,.Municipalit.du.district. de.Clare Meldrum,.Dave Miller,.Gary Misner,.Jeanne.and.Brian Morton,.Jim,.MLA,.Kings.North Muise,.Evelyn Parker,.Jim Perry,.Donna Regan,.Kelly,.MLA,.Bedford-Birch.Cove Reinhardt,.Karen Robichaud,.J..Ronald,.prsident,.Fdration. acadienne.de.la.Nouvelle.cosse Robinson,.Carole Ryan,.Pat Samson,.Rosemarie Shaw,.John Shindruk,.Ardith Skinner,.Doug Smith,.Bill Smith,.Janice Smith,.Nancy Stewart,.Mary.Elizabeth Taggart,.Tom Thriault,.Grard,.Executive.Secretary,.Clare. Civic.Association

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Tillman,.Sandy Veevers,.Gregory Walker,.Grant Whalen,.Michael White,.Bill White,.Meredith Whitehead,.Mike Wilson,.Cheri

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Appendix H: Written Submissions Received July 14September 4, 2012 (in alphabetical order)
Aalto,.Sergei Ackerman,.Jerry Albright,.Cam Alexander,.Barry,.PEng,.CQMC Allaire,.Sylvain Allan,.Wilfred.H. Allen,.Don.and.Jeannie Amero,.Anganet Amero,.Angela Amon,.Jennah Atwell,.Wanda.L. Bailey,.Linda,.RN Baker,.Dr..Christopher.and.Stephanie Baroni,.Nancy Barteaux,.Ashley Batherson,.Robert Beals,.Laura Beattie,.Delores Benson,.Anthony.V. Bickford,.Jim Billard,.Allan Bishara,.Joanne.E. Blake,.Brittany-Jean Boivin-Cole,.Dr..Carmelita Bonnar,.Veralyn.Anne.Rogers Bouchard,.Andr Boucher,.Wayne,.The.Milford.and.Area.Community. Hall.Association.and.Chairman.of.the.Friends. of.the.Annapolis.Community.Health.Centre Boudreau,.Brian.and.Jim Boudreau,.Brian.and.Sandra Boudreau,.Jim,.MLA,.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour Boudreau,.Maryln Boudreau,.Ral,.Yarmouth.Chamber.of.Commerce Boutilier,.Roger Boyd,.Fred Bridson,.Cheryl Brown,.Hugh.and.Leona Brown,.Laurie Buchanan,.Al,.and.Nancy.Sullivan Buckler,.Matthew Buckmaster,.Joanne Bullerwell,.Earl.and.Janice Burke,.Patrick.A.,.QC,.Executive.Member,. Lunenburg.Liberal.Association Butland,.Freeman Butt,.George Caines,.Julie Caldwell,.Sherry Calvi,.Morgan.F. Cameron,.Kimberly Card,.Edgar Casey,.Karen,.MLA,.Colchester.North Carson,.Ward Cawthra,.Michael.and.Karen Chapman,.Josie Chisholm.McQuaid,.Janice Christie,.Peter Churchill,.Joyce Churchill,.Karen,.President,.Yarmouth.and.Area. Chamber.of.Commerce Churchill,.Zach,.MLA,.Yarmouth Clarke,.Susan Coady,.Eileen Coady,.Paul Colaiacovo,.Kathy Comeau,.Andre Comeau,.Claire Comeau,.Jeannine Comeau,.Warner Connell,.Brian Conrad,.Bernard.K.

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Conyers,.Donna Cook,.Shirley Cooke,.Kevin Cormier,.Michael Costa,.Jerri Cranton,.Sharon Cress,.Patricia Crossman,.Anne Crouse,.Cathy,.Vice-Chair,.St..Margarets.Bay. Stewardship.Association Cunningham,.John,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the. District.of.Yarmouth Cunningham,.Trevor Curry,.Gerry Curry,.Ian Curry,.Mike Curry,.William.E..(Bill) deViller,.Clyde dEntremont,.Aldric,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the. District.of.Argyle. dEntremont,.The.Honourable.Chris,.MLA,.Argyle,. and.Clinton.Saulnier,.President,.Argyle. Progressive.Conservative.Association dEntremont,.Jean Danch,.John Dares,.Gil David,.Jim Davies,.Peter.and.Valerie Davis,.Dick Day,.Cecil Day,.William.H.E. DEntremont,.Paul Dease,.Jack.and.Donna-Lee Decoff,.Neil,.President,.Guysborough-Sheet. Harbour.Progressive.Conservative. Association,.Herman.Long,.Vice-President,. Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.Progressive. Conservative.Association.and.Ron.Chisholm deMolitor,.Ruth.and.Ken

DeViller,.Sharon Dewar,.Kenneth.C. DeWolfe,.Jane Dodaro,.Paula Doman,.Bev Donaldson,.Randy Doucette,.David Downe,.His.Worship.Don,.Mayor,.Municipality.of. the.District.of.Lunenburg Duffy,.Bryan.D.,.FCA Dunn,.Lawrence Dunn,.Sandra Dystant,.Donna Earle,.Dan Eaton,.Susan Edwards,.Laurie Ellis,.Darlene.F. English,.Dave Epstein,.Howard,.MLA,.Halifax.Chebucto Fakhri,.Joseph Fearon,.Mike Field,.Renee Fitzgerald,.Kevin Francruz,.Joan Fecteau,.Janette Foley,.Peggy Forrestall,.Monica Foster,.Douglas Fougere,.Kathy Fox,.Jeanne Fraser,.Milton Furey,.Mark Fyfe,.Peter Gaudet,.Charles,.directeur.gnral.and.Ronald. Robichaud,.prsident,.Fdration.acadienne. de.la.Nouvelle-cosse Geddes,.J..Dianne Gennette,.Brandi Gillis,.Gordon.D.

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Nova Scotia Electoral Boundaries Commission Toward Fair and Effective Representation

Gobien,.Kevin Gregory-Hudson,.Lunetta Grove,.Jo-Anne Hall,.Flora Halley,.Anna Hannam,.Greg Hanson,.Carol.and.John Hanson,.Karen Hardy,.Andrew Harper,.Ron.and.Judy Harvey,.Anthony Haslam,.Bill Hawkins,.Derek.and.Sue Hay,.Gene.and.Susan Hayward-Byrd,.Lynette Hebditch,.Suzan.A. Hefler,.Marge,.Timber.Trails.Land-. Leased.Community Helmke,.Ellen,.President,.St..Margarets.Bay. Chamber.of.Commerce Heming,.Gregory,.PhD Hill,.Wanda Hines,.Lloyd.P. Hodgins,.Brad,.BA,.MA,.MPA Hodgson,.Jo.and.Ray Holt,.Dr..Richard.T Howard,.Dessie.and.Bob Huby,.Bob Hurlbert,.Ernie Hudson,.Karen.L. Hyman,.Michael,.M.D. Hyson,.Wayne Ibraheem,.Al.Waedh Igot,.Pierre Ingalls,.Wayne.and.Sharon Irving-Kennedy,.Sharon Isles,.Ken Isnor,.Owen Jardine,.Joanne

Jarvis,.Joseph.G. Jenereaux,.Harriet.E. Jenereaux,.Keith.W. Jessop,.B. Johnson,.Rachel Johnston,.Corrine Judge,.Murray Kearnes,.Nicole Khan,.Lorna Kilian,.Andreas Kinley,.Ed Kugel,.Herb Kutschera,.Ella Lacey,.Kevin,.Atlantic.Director,.Canadian. Taxpayers.Federation Lamey,.Joanne Lavoie,.Ren.E.,.PhD Lawrence,.E. Layes,.Mary.K. LeBlanc,.Aaron LeBlanc,.Jean,.Chez.Jean.Restaurant LeBlanc,.Maurice LeBlanc,.Norbert LeBoutilier,.Geoff Leathers,.Burton,.PhD Leon,.John,.St..Margarets.Bay.. Stewardship.Association Lewis,.S.M. Little,.Matthew Lipton,.John Lombard,.Sue Loney,.Elaine Loney,.Robert Lorefice,.Louise Losier,.Sonia MacDonald,.Adele MacDonald,.Gerald.A.,.QC MacDonald,.Janet MacDonald,.Joe

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MacDonald,.Marion MacDonald,.Paul.J. MacDonald,.Peter.M. MacDonald,.Ronald.A MacDonald,.Wayne,.Chair,.Annapolis.West. Health.Foundation MacDonald,.Wendy MacDonald,.Willard MacDonell,.The.Honourable.John,.Minister.of. Agriculture.and.Minister.of.Service.Nova.Scotia. and.Municipal.Relations,.MLA,.Hants.East MacInnis,.Professor.Malcolm MacKenzie,.Neil,.Councillor,.Town.of.Yarmouth MacKenzie,.Rose Mackie,.Ray MacKinnon,.Clarrie,.MLA,.Pictou.East MacKinnon,.Mary.K. Maclaughlin,.Gary MacLean,.Bill MacLennan,.John.and.Janet MacMillan,.Mary MacNeil,.Michael,.The.East.Bay.and.Area. Community.Council Maher,.Ken Maher,.Judy,.RN Mallet,.Andr Mansour,.Peter Marshall,.Kevin Maybee,.Janet McCaul,.Margaret.and.Paul McCaul,.Pam McCluskey,.Patrick McCormick,.Ashley,.MD,.CCFP McDonald,.Patrick.G. McGill,.Sharelle McGinis,.Jim.and.Jean McGowan,.Laurie McGrath,.Mary.Ann,.Chair,.Kearney.Lake. Residents.Association

McInnis,.Thomas.J.,.President,.Sheet.Harbour.and. Area.Chamber.of.Commerce.and.Civic.Affairs McLagan,.Lorna McNeil,.Colleen McNeil,.The.Honourable.Stephen.R.,.Leader.of. the.Opposition,.MLA,.Annapolis Melanson,.Durline Melanson,.Jean,.Warden,.Municipality.of.the.District. of.Clare./.Prfet,.Municipalit.du.district.de.Clare Melanson,.Paula Menk,.Tim,.Barry.Sheehy,.and.Gene.Kersey,. Friends.of.Gabarus.Society Mennie,.Gerald.E. Mercier,.Mike Mersereau,.Byron Mildon,.John,.and.Melissa.Keddie Millett-Campbell,.Sandi Mills,.William,.Executive.Director,.and.Graziella. Grbac,.Incoming.Executive.Director,. Main.Street.Dartmouth.and.Area.Business. Improvement.Association Mitchell,.David Moir,.Sheila Moore,.John,.Maskwa.Aquatic.Club Morash,.Doug Morris,.John,.Yarmouth.New.Democratic.. Party.Association Morton,.Ashley Morton,.Jim,.MLA,.Kings.North Mosley,.Jennifer Mueller-Sparenberg,.Holger Muise,.Daniel Muise,.Malcolm Mullett,.Byron Munro-Cape,.Christopher.J. Murphy.Boudreau,.Sandra Murray,.Brian.and.Debbie Nause,.John,.PhD,.President,.Yarmouth.Liberal. Association,.and.Michael.Drew

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Nauss,.Lee.,.Councillor,.Municipality.of.the. District.of.Lunenburg Nicholson,.Gord Nicholson,.Jane Nickerson,.Michael ODonnell,.Roy OGrady,.Sally Olie,.David,.President,.Yarmouth.New.Democratic. Party.Association Oliver,.Regan ONeil,.David,.President,.Cole.Harbour.New. Democratic.Party.Association ONeil,.Jack ONeil,.Vicki Opie,.Helen Orkin,.David,.and.Vanessa.Wilkes Paquette,.Joan Paquette,.Steve Paris,.Debbie Parkes,.Ernie Parker,.The.Honourable.Charlie,.Minister.of. Natural.Resources.and.Minister.of.Energy,. MLA,.Pictou.West Parker,.Grand.Chief.Mary.Lou,.Eastern.Woodland. Metis.Nation,.Nova.Scotia Parker,.Maurice Parker,.Tim Pateman,.Chris Peach,.John.and.Rosanne Pelham,.Pat.and.Elizabeth Percy,.Jon Perry,.Frieda.M. Perry,.Josh Petersen-Rafuse,.The.Honourable.Denise,. Minister.of.Community.Services,.MLA,. Chester-St..Margarets Pettipas,.John Pierce,.Wayne,.President,.Pictou.West.New. Democratic.Party.Association

Preeper,.Tracey Punnett,.Elizabeth Raffel,.Henry Rafuse,.Barbara Rafuse,.Bronson Ramey,.Gary,.MLA,.Lunenburg.West Ramey,.Leota Redgrave,.Patrick Reed,.Katherine Regan,.Kelly,.MLA,.Bedford-Birch.Cove Reynolds,.Arthur Rhodenizer,.Robert.C. Rhymer,.Elizabeth Richells,.Heide Rierden,.Andi Ritchie,.Fran Roberts,.Lawrence Roberts,.His.Worship.Phil,.Mayor,.Town.of.Annapolis Roberts,.Ryan Robinson,.Deborah,.Chief,.Acadia.First.Nation Robinson,.Leslie Rockwell,.M.L. Rogers,.Doreen.and.Bill Rodgers,.Dorothy Rogers,.Bruce Rogers,.Twila Romsa,.Gerald Rose,.Linda Roy,.Crystal Roy,.Jenna Roy,.Suzanne Russell,.Paul Ryan,.Bonnie Ryan,.Pat Saad,.Emile Saulnier,.Ashley Saulnier,.Connie Schneeweiss,.Victor Segulin,.Tim

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Setlakwe,.Jenna Schwartz,.Alissa Shaw,.John Shepard,.Jacqui Sherman,.Shirley Shortt,.Catherine Skabar,.Brian,.MLA,.Cumberland.North Slinn,.Grant Sloan,.Christine Smith,.David Smith,.Fielding.P.,.Deputy.Warden,.Municipality.of. Pictou.County Smith,.Gary.and.Linda Smith,.Neil.and.Jean Smith,.Pete Smithson,.Jim.and.Lillian Snyder,.Evelyn Sollows,.David Sollows,.John Stackhouse,.Valerie Stanton,.Eldon.and.Doris Steele,.Lise.W. Stewart,.Arthur.and.Heather Stewart,.Harvey Stopford,.Susan Sullivan,.Juanita Surette,.Janice Sutton,.Linda.D. Swan,.Bill Swift,.Judith Synishin,.Peter Taggart,.David Tate,.Brenda.Levy Taylor,.His.Worship.Bob,.Mayor,.Municipality.of. the.County.of.Colchester Taylor,.Dean Thompson,.Katherine Tibbo,.Wade Tileston,.Susan

Trimper,.Alan.R. Turcotte,.Tracy Tweedie,.Graeme Uchacz,.Steven Uhlman,.Brandon Urbaniak,.Tom,.PhD van.Kampen,.Herbert.and.Eva.Kozlowski Vanasse,.Pierre Vallillee,.Kevin Vaughan,.Matthew Veevers,.Gregory Verhoeckx,.Ivy Vine,.Maureen Wagner,.Dale Wallace,.Perry Wambolt,.Susanne Ward,.Carol Warner,.Gillian Webster,.The.Rev..Charles.M.,.BA,.MDiv Wentzell,.Linda Wesenhagen,.Janina Westoll,.Gary Whalen,.Diana,.MLA,.Halifax.Clayton.Park Whelan,.Kay White,.Art White,.Denise Wilkes,.Vanessa Wilson,.Bob Wilson,.The.Honourable.David,.Minister.of.Health. and.Wellness,.MLA,.Sackville-Cobequid Wilson,.David.S.,.Chairman,.East.River.Valley. Community.Development.Association Wilson,.Sara Woodill,.Eliz.Holly Wright,.Nadine Wright,.Ted Younger,.Andrew,.MLA,.Dartmouth.East Zavitz,.Peter Zisserson,.Marilynn.and.Warren

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Appendix I: Summary of Comments from the Public


Public.comments.and.advice,.in.the.form.of.written.and.verbal.submissions,.are.summarized.in.point. form.and.grouped.under.four.headings..Full.Hansard.transcripts.of.what.was.said.at.the.public.meetings. are.available.on.the.Commissions.website.

Summary of Comments from the Public, to May 31, 2012 (before release of the Interim Report)
Number and size of electoral constituencies . Stay.within.the.existing.52.seats.(as.savings.from.minor.seat.reduction.would.be.small.and.the.level. of.representation.in.Nova.Scotia.is.not.abnormal.within.Canada) . Reduce.to.27.seats;.52.seats.or.a.slight.reduction.is.okay;.three.provincial.ridings.for.each.federal.riding. to.produce.33.seats;.45-seat.legislature.is.reasonable.to.provide.government,.cabinet.and.opposition . Reduce.to.42.seats.to.bring.costs.in.line.with.provincial.GDP;.if.Commission.does.not.agree,.hold.a. voter.plebiscite.on.the.topic . Use.the.redrawn.HRM.municipal.electoral.districts.and.average.number.of.electors.as.a.basis.for. redrawing.districts.across.the.province:.would.give.42.seats.in.the.legislature;.could.make.work. easier.for.elected.representatives.and.community.groups . Consider.reducing.the.number.of.seats.to.achieve.cost.savings . Apply.additional.support.staff.and.current.information.technologies . Communications.technologies.to.assist.rural.members.of.the.Legislative.Assembly.(MLAs).and.their. widely.dispersed.constituents . Work.with.county.and.municipal.boundaries.to.the.extent.possible . Recognize.that.urban.constituents.are.easier.to.represent.due.to.geographic/population. compactness.and.fewer.and.different.demands.on.MLAs . Respect.long-standing.municipal.and.county.boundaries . Respect.established.and.natural.communities.of.interest.as.determined.by.various.factors,.which.include. transportation.routes;.shopping.patterns;.infrastructure.and.facilities;.employment;.and.recreation,.etc.. This.would.mean.adjusting.boundaries.where.community.of.interest.has.been.compromised.in.the.past. and.ensuring.that.new.or.expanded.districts.respect.long-standing.communities

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Voter parity . Use.the.25.per.cent.variance.as.an.absolute.maximum . Aim.for.a.10.per.cent.variance;.aim.for.a.10.to.15%.variance.as.maximum . One.person,.one.voteno.special.status.or.protection.for.anyone . Representation.by.population.only.one.of.the.factors.to.consider . Use.the.25.per.cent.variance.as.a.guideline.only,.weighing.it.against.factors.such.as.history,. geography,.culture,.communities.of.interest.and.language.and.against.the.goal.of.fair.and.effective. representation.for.all . Consider.a.population.benchmark.or.standard.lower.than.25%.for.constituencies.in.rural.Nova. Scotia;.consider.different.standards.for.rural.and.urban.areas . Take.into.account.that.the.rural.voter.turnout.is.larger.than.urban Boundary adjustments . Harmonize.provincial.poll.boundaries.with.federal.poll.boundaries . Use.rear.property.lines.rather.than.streets.as.boundaries.where.this.could.avoid.confusion . Maintain.the.status.quo.in.Pictou,.Antigonish,.and.Kings;.Cape.Breton.has.enough.voters.to.sustain. the.status.quo . Move.boundaries.in.Cape.Breton.so.as.to.meet.the.population.requirement.and.thereby.justify.and. maintain.the.current.number.of.seats . Maintain.the.current.number.of.seats.in.Cape.Breton.in.appreciation.that.a.reduction.would.add.to. the.economic.and.out-migration.problems.on.the.Island . Expand.Victoria-The.Lakes.to.include.more.rural.population.(from.Cape.Breton.North.or.West;.e.g.,. Mill.Creek-Point.Aconi.area) . Combine.the.Inverness.and.Victoria-The.Lakes.highlands;.move.Polls.120.from.Inverness.to. Victoria-The.Lakes;.polls.2732.from.Victoria-The.Lakes.to.Cape.Breton.North . Maintain.the.status.quo.in.Victoria-The.Lakes.(rather.than.expand.it),.given.its.geography.and. unwieldy.size . Add.some.north-end.polls.in.Sydney.to.Cape.Breton.Nova.(Whitney.Pier)

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. Move.four.polls.from.Cape.Breton.Centre.into.the.Glace.Bay.constituency . Restore.the.coastal.area.of.Lunenburg.County.to.Lunenburg.West.out.of.respect.for.its.Bridgewater. orientation.and.long-standing.community.of.interest . Maintain.the.Queens.constituency.by.incorporating.more.of.central.Nova.Scotia.(Maitland.Bridge.area). as.well.as.Lunenburg.West.(north.of.current.coastal.section);.change.name.to.QueensWest.Lunenburg . Leave.New.Germany.in.Lunenburg.West . Add.population/voters.to.Cumberland.South.by.taking.in.Nappan,.Maccan,.Fenwick,.Chignecto,.Five. Islands.to.Glengarry . Cumberland.South.will.soon.slip.outside.permissible.range:.look.at.long-term.growth.projections . Address.the.under-population.of.Eastern.Shore.by.moving.the.southern.boundary.only . Address.the.under-population.of.Guysborough.by.taking.polls.from.Antigonish . Guysborough.travel.and.communication.oriented.to.Antigonish.and.Pictou.rather.than.Halifax;. make.Guysborough.County.a.constituency,.or.keep.status.quo,.but.if.that.is.not.possible.recognize. functional.issues.in.creating.new.area.by.going.into.Eastern.Shore . Separate.Clayton.Park.from.Timberlea . Consider.merging.Birch.Cove.area.into.a.new.or.expanded.constituency.such.as.Clayton.Park;.move. polls.114.and.4648.out.of.Bedford . Treat.Rockingham,.Cresthaven,.Grosvenor.Park,.Kearney.Lake,.and.Wedgewood.neighbourhoods.in. HRM.as.a.community.of.interest . Could.keep.BedfordBirch.Cove.intact.or.separate.Birch.Cove..Avoid.narrow.constituencies.going. out.from.Bedford.Basin . Fairview.has.no.community.of.interest.with.the.mainland;.Fairview.could.be.returned.to.its.historic. connection.to.Armdale . To.create.six.constituencies.in.Central.Halifax.(from.current.5),.consider.a.new.HalifaxNorthwest. Arm.constituency.and.some.adjustments.to.other.affected.constituencies . Voter.dilution.currently.a.problem.in.Halifax.and.suburbs;.up.to.five.constituencies.may.need.to. shift.from.outside.HRM.mainland;.could.adjust.boundaries.between.Halifax.Chebucto.and.Halifax. Needham.from.Windsor.to.Robie.Street.(extended.to.North.Street) . Create.a.Bedford.constituency.based.on.original.town.boundaries,.new.municipal.electoral.districts,.and. in.conjunction.with.the.creation.of.new.HRM.constituencies.or.realignment.of.existing.ones.in.the.vicinity

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. Include.Colby.Village.in.Cole.HarbourEastern.Passage.consistent.with.municipal.boundaries . Take.Colby.Village.out.of.Cole.HarbourEastern.Passage.and.put.with.Dartmouth.East;.no. community.of.interest.with.Eastern.Passage . Extend.the.boundaries.of.Cole.HarbourEastern.Passage.into.Dartmouth.South.so.as.to.absorb. South.Woodside . Extend.Dartmouth.East.northward.to.take.in.streets.off.the.Waverley.Road.that.are.now.oriented.to. Dartmouth.(up.to.highway.overpass) . Move.the.LakelandsMount.Uniacke.communities.into.the.West.Hants.constituency . Move.the.Upper.Sackville.segment.of.Hammonds.Plains.into.the.greater.Sackville.constituency.so.as. to.provide.for.the.growth.in.Hammonds.Plains . Align.the.current.communities.of.Middle.and.Upper.Sackville,.Lucasville,.and.Mount.Uniacke;. include.Lucasville.in.the.constituency.name . Move.Beaver.Bank.into.the.Sackville.constituency . Recognize.as.a.general.principle.that.public.sector.service.regions.across.the.province. demonstrate.little.consistency.from.a.boundary.standpoint,.thus.creating.confusion.for.both.citizens. and.service.providers Protected constituencies . Continue.protection.of.the.existing.four.protected.seats,.given.that.the.Acadian.or.African-Nova. Scotian.minorities.confront.dilution.of.voter.influence.and,.in.the.case.of.the.former,.ultimate. assimilation.into.the.mainstream.population . Acadian.MLAs.perform.a.dual.role,.representing.Acadian.interests.across.the.province . The.gains.made.by.Acadians.in.language.and.culture.have.been.possible.due.to.the.collective. strength.of.MLA.representation . Eliminating.or.merging.ridings.would.be.a.step.backwards;.merging.ridings.would.create.rivalries;. reducing.numbers.would.weaken.Acadian.political.power . Recognize.that.the.Charter.of.Rights.and.Freedoms.and.judicial.decisions.now.protect.minorities,. including.their.right.to.effective.representation.in.legislatures . Recognize.that.Charter.protection.reduces.the.need.and.justification.for.special.treatment.of. minorities.as.voters

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. Appeals.to.higher.courts.would.be.likely.if.protected.constituencies.were.to.be.eliminated . There.is.no.merit.to.the.claims.that.the.terms.of.reference.are.unconstitutional . Avoid.splitting.up.minority.communities.in.re-alignments.within.a.25.per.cent.variance;. avoid.gerrymandering . Tighten.the.boundaries.around.the.Preston.area.community.to.further.ensure.that.an.African.Nova. Scotian.candidate.would.take.the.seat . Consider.innovations.such.as.administrative.districts,.and.members.at.large.who.could. represent.the.named.minorities.regardless.of.where.they.live;.the.Gaelic.community.has.sufficient. numbers.to.warrant.consideration . Consider.creating.a.dispersed.constituency.that.would.include.various.Acadian.communities.in. different.parts.of.the.province . Consider.proportional.representation.to.replace.the.currently.employed.first-past-the-post. electoral.system . Consider.low-cost.alternatives.to.expensive.MLA.ridings.to.address.needs.of.the.communities . Representation.only.by.or.for.a.particular.group.goes.against.democracy;.special.seats.go.against. common.sense;.no.groups.should.have.reserved.seats;.where.will.it.end;.should.be.one.person.one. vote;.could.lead.to.other.constituencies.based.on.peoples.backgrounds

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Summary of Comments from the Public, June 1July 13, 2012 (after release of the Interim Report)
Constituency of Kings North . Pleased.the.boundaries.have.been.left.intact Constituency of Timberlea-Prospect . Move.the.community.of.Williamswood.from.the.constituency.of.Timberlea-Prospect.to.the. constituency.of.Halifax.Atlantic Constituency of Yarmouth . Maintain.Yarmouth.as.a.constituency.of.and.to.itself . Do.not.divide.or.parcel.the.constituency.of.Yarmouth.into.two.segments General comments . Peninsular.Halifax:.universities.and.hospitals.provide.a.natural.boundary.between.the.urban. core.and.the.single.family.dwellings.that.are.more.common.in.the.south.and.southwest.areas. of.the.peninsula;.both.the.current.boundaries.and.those.presented.in.the.Interim.Report.see.a. natural.community.of.family.neighbourhoods.broken.up;.a.more.natural.grouping.of.like-minded. communities.would.bring.together.citizens.in.single.family.dwellings..This.could.start.on.the.eastern. end.of.Inglis.Street,.head.north.on.Robie.Street,.west.of.Quinpool.Road,.north.at.Oxford.Street,.and. west.continuing.down.Chebucto.Road.to.the.Armdale.Rotary . Move.the.Kearney.Lake.area.to.the.proposed.new.riding.of.Halifax.Clayton.Park . Consider.the.following.name.changes:.Lunenburg.Centre.to.LaHave.River.Valley;.Lunenburg.East.to. Lunenburg;.and.Queens-Lunenburg.West.to.Queens-Kejimkujik . Delay.the.start.of.the.second.round.of.public.meetings

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Governance . The.Commission.performed.well.within.the.provisions.and.spirit.of.the.House.of.Assembly.Act;.the. Commission.should.adhere.to.its.Interim.Report . The.Commission.is.independent;.that.means.independent.of.government,.including.any.minister,.any. department,.or.any.official;.the.Commission.should.seek.its.own.legal.advice . The.Commission.should.have.followed.its.Terms.of.Reference . Adhere.to.the.Terms.of.Reference.or.resign . Should.there.be.any.meeting.involving.the.Minister.of.Justice.and.the.Commission.or.any.member. thereof,.the.Progressive.Conservative.Party.of.Nova.Scotia.takes.the.position.that.in.order.to.preserve. the.independence.of.the.process.it.must.be.made.public Number of MLAs . Keep.at.52.to.ensure.fair.representation.across.the.province . There.are.too.many.MLAs.in.NS.given.its.size.and.population Proposed change to the constituency of Bedford-Birch Cove . Area.east.of.the.102.should.remain.in.one.riding;.suggest.the.southern.boundary.be.placed. somewhere.near.the.Esquire.Motel.and.the.north.boundary.along.Duke.Street;.eastern.boundary. should.run.down.the.Bedford.bypass.from.the.102.to.the.top.of.Magazine.Hill . Ensure.all.of.the.Basinview.community.remains.in.the.Bedford-Birch.Cove.constituency . Area.north.of.the.102.(including.the.new.high.school.and.community).should.be.placed.in. the.constituency . Thank.you.for.including.the.community.of.Royal.Hemlocks.in.the.proposed.constituency.of.Bedford . Proposed.constituency.of.Bedford.simply.as.the.old.Town.of.Bedford . Place.Sandy.Lake.and.the.Bedford.West.area.in.the.proposed.constituency

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Proposed change to the constituency of Colchester North . Revise.decision.to.alter.the.boundaries.of.the.constituency.of.Colchester.North.because.of. community.of.interest . Reconsider.recommendation.knowing.that.the.constituency.population.can.be.better.achieved. through.boundary.changes.between.Cumberland.North.and.Cumberland.South . Proposed.change.to.the.constituency.of.Pictou.East . Constituency.has.a.population.of.15,613.and.11,803.voters,.well.within.the.25.per.cent.guidelines;. the.constituency.should.remain.untouched . Be.retained.as.a.riding.within.the.boundaries.of.Pictou.County Proposed change to the constituency of Dartmouth East boundary . Supports.the.proposed.change . Supports.the.proposed.change.of.adjusting.the.constituencys.boundary.from.Barrys.Run.to.include. Waverley.Road.out.to.Spider.Lake Proposed constituencies of Sackville and Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank . Entire.community.of.Beaver.Bank,.including.Kinsac,.be.included.with.Sackville.(Middle.and.Upper),. under.the.name.Sackville-Beaver.Bank Protected constituencies . Keep.the.constituency.of.Clare.as.is . Maintain.an.Acadian.riding.of.Clare.and.Argyle;.or.look.to.bring.those.ridings.into.Queens.and.Digby.counties . Stay.the.course.with.the.status.quo . Continue.to.advocate.for.cultural,.linguistic,.and.racial.communities.by.keeping.special.status.for. those.affected.communities . Support.for.maintaining.the.protected.constituencies . Dismayed.at.the.retention.of.the.protected.constituencies

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Summary of Comments from the Public, July 14September 6, 2012 (after release of the Revised Interim Report)
A new Dartmouth constituency . Named.Dartmouth-Portland.Valley.and.would.include.the.area.bounded.by.Highway.111,.by.Main. Street,.and.the.current.eastern.electoral.boundary.between.the.electoral.district.of.Dartmouth. South-Portland.Valley.and.Cole.Harbour..Major.connector.streets.between.these.two.areas.are. Portland.Estates.Boulevard.to.Spring.Avenue.and.Portland.Hills.Drive.to.Regal.Road Electoral district of Annapolis . Leave.Annapolis.Royal.and.other.affected.communities.in.the.electoral.district.of.Annapolis . Hold.a.public.meeting.in.Annapolis.Royal.to.discuss.proposed.changes.to.the.electoral.district. of.Annapolis . Changes.to.the.electoral.district.of.Annapolis.may.impact.taxation.rates.and.health.and. education.districts . Thank.you.for.holding.an.additional.public.meeting.in.Annapolis.Royal . Recognize.the.community.of.interest.in.western.Annapolis.County.and.amend.its.proposed. recommendation.to.return.the.area.from.Bear.River.to.the.Youngs.Mountain.and.Spurr.Roads.back. into.the.same.riding.as.the.rest.of.Annapolis.County Electoral district of Antigonish . Pleased.with.Revised.Interim.Reports.proposal.for.the.electoral.district.of.Antigonish;.i.e.,.leave.as.is Electoral district of Bedford-Birch Cove . Leave.Bedford.West.in.the.electoral.district.of.Bedford-Birch.Cove . Pleased.with.changes.in.the.Revised.Interim.Report.affecting.the.electoral.district.of.BedfordBirch.Cove . Recommend.the.polls.of.114.and.4648.with.their.current.boundaries.could.be.moved

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Electoral district of Cape Breton Nova . Community.of.Whitney.Pier.should.not.be.awkwardly.and.artificially.divided . Add.polls.1317.to.the.electoral.district.of.Cape.Breton.Nova.from.the.existing.electoral.district.of. Cape.Breton.South Electoral district of Cape Breton West . Strong.objection.to.the.proposed.changes.to.the.electoral.district.of.Cape.Breton.West,.particularly. with.respect.to.the.Gabarus.area Electoral district of Chester-St. Margarets . Return.east.side.of.St..Margarets.Bay.to.the.electoral.district.of.Chester-St..Margarets . Electoral.district.of.Colchester.North . Pleased.with.proposals.in.the.Revised.Interim.Report.that.impact.the.electoral.district.of.Colchester.North . Include.a.portion.of.the.electoral.district.of.Colchester.North.with.the.electoral.district.of.Pictou.West . Keep.the.electoral.district.of.Colchester.North.as.is Electoral district of Cole Harbour . Remove.a.small.area.defined.as.the.area.to.the.north.and.west.of.the.intersection.of.Astral.Drive. and.Millbrook.Avenue.from.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Cole.Harbour-Eastern.Passage.to.the. proposed.electoral.district.of.Cole.Harbour-Portland.Valley . No.changes.to.the.electoral.district.of.Cole.Harbour . Include.the.area.known.as.Bel.Ayr Electoral district of Cole Harbour-Eastern Passage . Extend.this.electoral.district.into.the.Fisherman.Cove.and.Woodside.areas

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Electoral district of Cumberland North . Original.proposal.in.Interim.Report.more.effectively.addresses.the.Commissions.mandate . Include.a.public.meeting.in.Cumberland.County Electoral district of Dartmouth East . Do.not.split.the.electoral.district.along.Main.Street;.maintain.the.Main.Street.Dartmouth.business. district.community.intact . Do.not.bisect.the.Montebello.neighbourhoods . Rename.the.electoral.district.to.Dartmouth.East-The.Canal.or.Dartmouth.East.and.the.Canal . Leave.the.electoral.district.as.is . Rename.Preston-Dartmouth.East.and.include.all.of.the.communities.presently.in.the.electoral. district.of.Preston.with.the.exception.of.the.communities.of.Porters.Lake.and.Minesville,.which. would.go.the.electoral.district.of.Eastern.Shore Electoral district of Dartmouth North . Pleased.the.boundaries.will.remain.the.same . Electoral.district.of.Dartmouth.South-Portland.Valley . The.areas.west.of.Highway.111,.known.as.South.Woodside.and.Imperoyal.be.moved.to.the.electoral. district.of.Cole.Harbour-Eastern.Passage.and.be.renamed.Dartmouth.South Electoral district of Halifax Clayton Park . Communities.of.Birch.Cove.and.Princes.Lodge.do.not.have.anything.in.common.with.the.residents. of.Clayton.Park . Keep.the.Rockingham.area.with.Birch.Cove.and.take.school.districts.into.consideration..The.Willett. Street.area.would.fit.with.the.proposed.Fairview-Clayton.Park.riding

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Electoral district of Guysborough-Sheet Harbour . Extend.the.electoral.district.to.the.electoral.district.of.Eastern.Shore.and.name.it.GuysboroughEastern.Shore Electoral district of Halifax Atlantic . Transfer.three.polls.in.and.around.Williams.Lake.Road.from.Halifax.Atlantic.to.the.proposed. electoral.district.of.Halifax.Armdale . Gain.five.polls.in.and.around.Cowie.Hill.from.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Halifax.Armdale Electoral district of Halifax Citadel-Sable Island . The.polls.between.Jubilee.Road.and.Coburg.Road.should.remain.in.the.electoral.district.of.Halifax. Citadel-Sable.Island Electoral district of Halifax Needham . Transfer.a.poll.south.of.Cornwallis.Street.to.Halifax.Citadel-Sable.Island . Subtract.polls.south.of.North.Street.to.Halifax.Chebucto,.which.would.be.renamed.Halifax. Chebucto-Gottingen . To.be.renamed.Halifax.Needham-Africville Electoral district of Hammonds Plains-Upper Sackville . Give.Westwood.Hills.and.Haliburton.Heights.to.Hammonds.Plains-Upper.Sackville . Keep.the.community.of.Lucasville.in.the.same.electoral.district.as.the.communities.of.Middle.and. Upper.Sackville Electoral district of Hants East . Proposed.boundary.change.regarding.a.portion.of.Enfield.be.reconsidered:.Horne.Settlement.and. Arrow.Head.Park.subdivision

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Electoral district of Hants West . Place.communities.of.Pigott.Lake,.East.Uniacke,.Lakelands,.Mount.Uniacke,.and.South.Uniacke.in. the.electoral.district.of.Hants.West Electoral district of Kings North . Pleased.that.the.Revised.Interim.Report.maintains.the.current.boundaries.for.Kings.North Electoral district of Kings South . Support.for.the.current.size.of.the.electoral.district Electoral district of Lunenburg West . Revisit.the.proposed.changes.to.Lunenburg.West . Any.name.change.for.this.electoral.district.avoid.using.Lunenburg.Centre . Revert.to.the.Lunenburg.West.riding.boundaries.that.preceded.the.last.boundary.review . Status.quo Electoral district of Pictou East . If.a.change.has.to.be.made,.then.create.two.ridings.in.Pictou . Eliminating.the.electoral.district.of.Pictou.East.is.not.in.the.best.interests.of.the.people.of.the.constituency . Leave.Westville.in.the.electoral.district.of.Pictou.East Electoral districts of Queens, Shelburne, and Argyle . Consolidate.the.electoral.districts.of.Queens,.Shelburne,.and.Argyle.in.the.effort.to.identify.two. electoral.districts.that.meet.the.expectation.of.relative.parity.among.affected.voters

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Electoral district of Sackville-Cobequid . Leave.as.is Electoral district of Timberlea-Prospect . Return.Hubley.Wedge,.including.Sheldrake.Lake,.to.the.electoral.district.of.Timberlea-Prospect . Transfer.one.poll.from.the.Moody.Lake.Subdivision.from.the.electoral.district.of.TimberleaProspect-St..Margarets.to.the.electoral.district.of.Halifax.Atlantic Electoral district of Waverly-Fall River-Beaver Bank . Should.be.a.balance.of.electors.with.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Bedford . Disagree.with.proposal.to.join.Beaver.Bank.and.Sackville;.Beaver.Bank.and.Fall.River.were.joined. as.communities.and.this.works Electoral district of Yarmouth . Splicing.the.electoral.district.of.Yarmouth.in.half.is.not.the.answer . Merge.the.electoral.district.of.Argyle.with.the.electoral.district.of.Queens.and.merge.the.electoral. district.of.Clare.with.the.electoral.district.of.Digby-Annapolis . Merge.the.electoral.districts.of.Argyle.and.Clare . Thank.you.for.coming.to.Yarmouth Electoral district size . 25%.must.be.adhered.to.in.the.allocation.of.legislative.seats . Pleased.that.the.Revised.Interim.Report.reflects.the.25%.population.requirement

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Electoral system . Consider.Proportional.Representation.as.an.electoral.system . Use.proportional.representation.to.address.the.concerns.of.the.Acadian.and.African.Nova. Scotia.Communities General . Commission.has.a.phenomenal.job.in.maintaining.fairness.across.the.province . Commission.should.recommend.that.the.House.of.Assemblys.Management.Commission.look.at. increasing.the.constituency.budget.for.large,.rural.areas . Commission.reference.the.current.funding.formula.employed.by.Elections.Nova.Scotia,.which.is. strictly.based.on.voters . Cape.Breton.should.not.be.used.in.any.constituency.names . Include.maps.of.each.proposed.constituency.in.the.final.report . Government.has.forgotten.there.is.a.rural.attitude,.a.rural.demeanor,.a.rural.perspective.in. Nova.Scotia . The.final.report.of.the.Electoral.Boundaries.Commission.should.be.subjected.to.a.province-wide. referendum.during.the.next.election Governance . There.is.potential.for.conflict.because.the.Boundary.Commission.is.not.an.outside.agency Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) . HRM.remains.under-represented.under.the.proposals.of.the.Revised.Interim.Report;.suggest. that.the.Commission.revert.to.a.recommendation.for.a.52-seat.legislature.and.add.another.seat. in.HRM

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Interim Report . Be.considered.as.the.Final.Report.of.the.Commission . The.findings.and.conclusions.of.the.Interim.Report.must.be.included.and.made.part.of.the. Commissions.Final.Report Names of electoral districts . Consider.using.the.names.of.Richmond-Port.Hawkesbury,.New.Waterford-Sydney,.and.Mira.River-. Louisbourg.as.names.for.electoral.districts Number of electoral districts/Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) . The.Commission.should.have.eliminated.10.electoral.districts . Consider.both.natural.geographic.boundaries.and.the.volume.differences.in.the.electoral.districts . A.reduction.in.legislative.seats.isnt.required.at.this.time . A.reduction.in.legislative.seats.is.required . Maintain.52.electoral.districts . The.Commission.should.consider.a.43.member.House.of.Assembly . Reduce.the.number.of.MLAs.to.36 . The.number.of.MLAs.in.the.Halifax.Regional.Municipality.should.be16.(the.same.as.HRM) Public meetings . Encouraged.to.continue.to.gather.information Proposed electoral district of Bedford . Accept.the.former.Town.of.Bedford.lines.as.the.boundary,.thereby.removing.the.area.of.Larry.Uteck. Drive.along.the.Bedford.Highway.from.Clearwater.Fine.Foods.to.the.Hemlock.Ravine

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Proposed electoral district of Cape Breton Southwest . Richmond.should.be.part.of.the.name . This.proposed.electoral.district.should.be.reconsidered.and.returned.to.the.status.quo . There.are.no.historic.connections.between.Gabarus,.Belfry,.or.French.Road.with.Port.Hawkesbury Proposed electoral district of Clayton Park West . Return.the.Blue.Mountain-Birch.Cove.Lakes.Regional.Park.area.to.the.proposed.electoral.district.of. Clayton.Park.West . The.Bayers.Lake.Business.Park.should.be.in.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Clayton.Park.West . Add.the.small.residential.block.of.Hamshaw.and.Saskatoon.Drive.to.the.proposed.electoral.district. of.Clayton.Park.West . Place.the.communities.of.Birch.Cove,.Rockingham,.Cresthaven,.Sheffield,.Wedgewood,.Sherwood. Heights,.and.Sherwood.Park.in.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Clayton.Park.West . Willett.Street.(on.the.west.side.Dunbrack.Street).fits.well.with.the.proposed.electoral.district.of. Fairview-Clayton.Park . Reconsider.where.the.Mount.Royale.subdivision.and.the.area.around.Main.Avenue.and.Washmill. Lake.Drive.fits . The.Maskwa.Aquatic.Club.should.stay.within.its.existing.riding Proposed electoral district of Fairview-Clayton Park . Restore.the.eastern.boundary.line.of.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Fairview-Clayton.Park.to.the. current.CN.rail.line Proposed electoral district of Guysborough-Pictou East . Geographically,.it.is.unnecessarily.large . Consider.using.the.new.federal.riding.boundaries.from.the.Antigonish-Guysborough.county.line.to. the.Northumberland.Strait

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. Will.be.difficult.to.deal.with.from.a.communications.perspective . Keep.three.seats.in.Pictou.County;.i.e.,.status.quo . Expand.current.electoral.district.of.Guysborough-Sheet.Harbour.westward.until.it.meets.the.80.to. 85%.seat.entitlement . Expand.current.electoral.district.of.Eastern.Shore.westward.toward.Halifax.Regional.Municipality Proposed electoral district of Halifax Armdale . Transfer.the.Mount.Royale.subdivision.from.Halifax.Armdale.to.Fairview-Clayton.Park . Restore.the.eastern.boundary.line.of.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Fairview-Clayton.Park . Be.renamed.Halifax.Northwest.Arm.and.expand.eastward.to.Connaught.Avenue,.continuing.south. along.Connaught.Avenue.to.Jubilee.Road,.and.then.west.along.Jubilee.Road.to.the.Northwest.Arm Proposed electoral district of Dartmouth-Preston . Expand.the.boundary.of.the.proposed.new.electoral.district.by.extending.it.further.down.the.Forest. Hills.Parkway,.as.far.down.as.the.Cole.Harbour.Road Proposed electoral district of Hammonds Plains-Lucasville . Mount.Uniacke.should.not.be.in.the.same.constituency.as.Hammonds.Plains.and.Lucasville . These.three.distinct.communities.do.not.logically.fit.together Proposed electoral district of Lunenburg Centre . Modify.the.electoral.boundary.proposed.in.the.Revised.Interim.Report.to.place.Hebbville.Academy. within.the.proposed.electoral.district.of.Lunenburg.Centre

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Proposed electoral district of Queens-Lunenburg West . Reconsider.this.proposal.based.on.voter.turnouts,.geography.and.no.common.interest.between.the. two.counties . Address.the.Maitland.Bridge.issue Proposed electoral district of Sackville-Beaver Bank . Thank.you.for.the.favourable.consideration.given.to.the.proposal.from.Beaver.Bank . The.boundary.between.Sackville-Beaver.Bank.and.Sackville-Cobequid.should.continue.to.run. entirely.along.the.Beaver.Bank.Road Protected Constituencies . Commission.got.it.right.with.regard.to.the.Protected.Constituencies . Strong.support.for.the.maintenance.of.the.electoral.districts.of.Clare.and.Argyle.as.. protected.constituencies . Combine.the.electoral.district.of.Argyle.with.the.electoral.district.of.Clare . Keep.the.status.quo . Eliminate.protected.constituencies . Adding.the.Town.of.Port.Hawkesbury.and.northern.Cape.Breton.will.diminish.the.chances.of. electing.another.Acadian.representative Terms of Reference . Consider.boundaries.as.you.see.fit . Obtain.a.constitutional.ruling.on.the.validity.of.the.Commissions.Terms.of.Reference . Commission.should.seek.independent.legal.advice.as.to.whether.the.position.of.the.government. regarding.the.terms.of.reference.and.regarding.your.work.was.in.fact.legitimate.or.not

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Voter parity . Adhere.to.the.principle.of.representation.by.population . Applaud.the.government.for.its.initiative.to.have.electoral.boundaries.defined.by.population.as. opposed.to.special.interests . Those.electoral.districts.that.currently.meet.parity.should.be.exempt.from.change.if.at.all.possible . Maximize.the.25%.rule.for.urban.electoral.districts

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Appendix J: Letter from the Hon. Ross Landry, Attorney General, June 14, 2012

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Appendix K: Elaboration on Data Sources


The.terms.of.reference.set.for.the.Commission.specify.that.the.most.recent.census.and.other.available. population.data,.as.well.as.demographic.data.relating.to.age,.language,.and.cultural.diversity.are.to.be.used. for.delineating.the.proposed.provincial.electoral.boundaries..Population.count.of.electorsthat.is,.Canadian. citizens.who.are.18.years.of.age.and.older,.and.living.in.Nova.Scotiais.to.be.considered.by.the.Commission. On.February.8,.2012,.Statistics.Canada.released.the.population.and.dwelling.counts.as.the.result.of.the. national.enumeration.conducted.in.2011.with.the.reference.day.of.May.10,.2011..These.basic.counts. were.reported.on.the.level.of.the.dissemination.block.(DB),.the.smallest.census.geographic.area. To.obtain.demographic.information.needed.to.calculate.the.population.of.electors.for.the.2012. delineation.of.the.provincial.electoral.boundaries,.the.2006.census.information.and.geography.had.to. be.used.as.the.base,.since.2011.census.demographics.were.not.yet.available. Elections.Canada.worked.closely.with.Statistics.Canada.in.obtaining.this.demographic.information.for. the.2012.delineation.of.the.federal.electoral.boundaries..To.derive.demographic.data.for.the.2011. dissemination.areas.(DAs)a.DA.is.a.geographic.unit.composed.of.more.than.one.DBStatistics. Canada.transposed.the.dissemination.blocks.of.2011.and.2006.census.geography.and.re-summed.the. 2006.demographic.data.counts.of.each.DB.into.the.2011.DAs..However,.Statistics.Canada.suppressed. some.data.for.confidentiality.reasons.on.the.DB.level.before.providing.the.demographic.counts.for.a. number.of.geographical.units.to.Elections.Canada. To.overcome.the.impact.of.the.suppressed.data.and.to.provide.demographic.information.at.the.DB.and. DA.levels,.Elections.Canada.worked.further.on.these.2006.Census.demographics,.now.redistributed. according.to.the.census.geography.of.2011,.and.applied.imputation.methods.to.substitute.the.value.for. geographic.units.with.missing.or.zero.population.in.2006..Elections.Canada.completed.this.work.for.all. of.Canada,.including.Nova.Scotias.census.geographic.units. On.February.16,.2012,.Elections.Canada.provided.Elections.Nova.Scotia.(ENS).with.the.newly.derived. and.adjusted.demographic.data.for.the.province..In.particular,.derived.counts.for.Canadian.citizens.who. are.18.years.of.age.or.older.were.provided.on.the.level.of.the.DA..The.sum.of.this.demographic.count. established.the.total.number.of.electors.in.Nova.Scotia.used.to.derive.the.average.number.of.electors.in. an.electoral.district. ENS.has.developed.an.electronic.Electoral.Boundaries.Tool.(EBT),.which.is.a.fully.functional. redistribution.application..This.tool.offered.the.Commission,.with.the.support.of.the.ENS.GIS.Analyst,.the. capability.to.prepare.various.boundary.scenarios,.including.the.demographic.information.of.electors. Using.the.2011.census.DA.geography.and.the.elector.demographic.counts.provided.by.Elections.Canada. for.each.DA,.the.tool.is.able.to.provide,.in.minutes,.the.number.of.electors.within.any.specific.boundary.. It.sums.up.the.counts.of.all.DAs.that.are.enclosed.within.the.boundary,.and.wherever.a.DA.is.traversed.

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by.the.boundary.and.split.into.two.parts,.the.EBT.uses.the.proportional.distribution.of.registered. electors.within.the.DA.for.calculating.the.elector.count.of.its.parts..The.proportional.distribution.of. electors.is.derived.from.the.spatial.distribution.of.the.residential.civic.addresses.and.the.electors. registered.in.the.Register.of.Electors.as.living.there.as.of.February.2012..The.Register.of.Electors. containing.both.the.addresses.and.the.electors.is.continuously.maintained.up.to.date.by.ENS.

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Appendix L: Composition of the Provincial Electoral Boundaries Commission


Composition of the Provincial Electoral Boundaries Commission To.promote.fairness.and.impartiality,.the.Select.Committee.agreed.that.current.or.former. candidates.or.members.of.federal.or.provincial.legislatures.or.municipal.councils.or.individuals. closely.associated.with.partisan.politics.would.not.be.appointed.to.serve.on.the.Commission. The.Select.Committee.further.agreed.that.the.Commission.would.broadly.represent.the.population. of.the.province. The.Select.Committee.agreed.to.appoint.members.to.the.Commission.based.on.their.experience,. skill,.and.commitment.to.ensuring.to.the.greatest.degree.possible.that.Nova.Scotias.electoral. boundaries.result.in.effective.representation.for.all.its.citizens. Based.on.this.understanding,.the.following.individuals.are.appointed.to.the.provincial.Electoral. Boundaries.Commission. . Dr..Teresa.MacNeil,.Chair,.Johnstown,.Richmond.County . Dr..J..Colin.Dodds,.Vice-chair,.Halifax . Dr..Jill.L..Grant,.Dartmouth.(on.May.31,.2012,.Dr..Grant.resigned.from.the.Commission) . Dr..James.P..Bickerton,.Antigonish . Mr..Douglas.Peach,.Marion.Bridge,.Cape.Breton . Mr..Paul.Gaudet,.Saulnierville . Mr..Rustum.Southwell,.Bedford . Ms..Barbara.Feeney,.Mahone.Bay Special Circumstances In.the.event.a.member.of.the.Provincial.Boundaries.Commission.cannot.complete.his.or.her. duties,.the.Select.Committee.will.name.a.replacement..The.Select.Committee.may.also.reconvene. to.address.any.operational.issues.that.may.arise.