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Truss Design Considerations

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses

Truss Design Considerations


Design Implications Considering the Effects of Loading, Member Orientation and Support

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling)
Truss Pedestrian Bridge

Truss Design Considerations

Munich Airport Pedestrian Bridge

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling)
Truss Member Buckling Considerations
(Schodek fig. 4.28)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Member Buckling Considerations


(Schodek fig. 4.29)

Truss Pedestrian Bridge, Greece

Truss Design Considerations

Theoretical zero force members that provide buckling resistance to top chord

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Potential for stress reversal Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Variations in Truss Member Forces


(Schodek fig. 4.23)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Variations in Truss Member Forces


(Schodek fig. 4.23)

Truss Design Considerations

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential for stress reversal Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses
Truss Lateral Buckling
(Schodek fig. 4.30)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Methods of Providing Resistance to Truss Lateral Buckling


(Schodek fig. 4.31)

Kansai International Airport, Japan, Renzo Piano

Truss Design Considerations


Effect of tension vs. compression on member sizes Potential for stress reversal Potential buckling failure modes and approaches to preventing Overall lateral stability (lateral-torsional buckling) Member redundancy: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Trusses

Truss Design Considerations

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Stability & Determinacy


(Schodek fig. 4.18)

Truss Stability & Determinacy


(Schodek fig. 4.18)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Stability & Determinacy Truss Stability & Determinacy


(Schodek fig. 4.18) (Schodek fig. 4.05)

Illustrations: Daniel L. Schodek: Structures, fifth edition; Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2004

Truss Determinacy Formula


n = 2j 3 for determinacy
n = Number of truss bars j = Number of joints
n = 9, j = 6 2(6)-3=9 =9 O.K. n = 11, j = 7 2(7)-3=11 =11 O.K. n = 8, j = 6 2(6)-3=9 >8 Unstable! n = 10, j = 6 2(6)-3=9 < 10 indeterminate, but stable

n > 2j -3 indeterminate n < 2j -3 unstable

Truss Design Considerations

Truss Connection Considerations


(Onouye fig. 10.2)

Truss Assembly Details

Illustration Source: http://www.ce.berkeley.edu/~boza/courses/cee122/lectures/lecture2/connect-brace.jpg

Illustration Source: http://www.ce.berkeley.edu/~boza/courses/cee122/lectures/lecture2/connect-brace.jpg

Truss Connection Considerations

Truss Connection Considerations

Connection Eccentricity Produces Moment Pedestrian Bridge in Greece

Knife-Plate Connections Cutler Anderson Architects

Truss Design Considerations

Grace Episcopal Church, Bainbridge Island, WA Cutler Anderson Architects

Capitol Hill Library, Seattle, WA Cutler Anderson Architects

Curvilinear faade supported by 3D linear truss framework: Band Shell, Millennium Park, Chicago, IL Frank O. Gehry

Truss Design Considerations