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CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS

Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan This Construction Safety Specification, with the conformance of the Philippine Occupational Health & Safety Standards (POHSS), is to provide rules and procedures for the protection of every workingman against the dangers of injury, sickness or death through safe and healthful working conditions, thereby assuring the conservation of valuable manpower resources and the prevention of loss or damage to lives and properties, consistent with national development goals and with the States commitment for the total development of every worker as a complete human being. The Project shall be executed by the successful Contractor in compliance with the Construction Safety Specification. The Construction Safety requirements were specified as follows. HEALTH AND SAFETY COMMITTEE At construction site there shall be organized and maintained a Health and Safety Committee conforming to the POHSS Rule 1040 and a medical and dental service conforming to POHSS Rule 1960. ALTERNATIVE METHODS AND MATERIALS In the application of this Rule, the construction, composition, size, and arrangement of materials used may vary provided that the strength of the structure is at least equal to that herein prescribed. ELECTRICAL Before any construction is commenced, and during the construction, steps shall be taken to prevent danger to the workers or operating equipment from any live electric cable or equipment either by rendering the cable or apparatus electrically dead or by providing barriers to prevent contact. POWER TOOLS Power tools are hand-portable items of equipment used to facilitate repair, maintenance and fabrication activities. They are normally driven by electric motors (mains or battery powered) or pneumatic motors and have a wide variety of applications including drilling, cutting, abrading and bolt tightening. Hydraulically driven tools are less common and tend to have specialized functions. In process areas, the use of pneumatically powered tools is preferred to electrically powered tools and, in some instances, the use of electrically powered tools is not permitted.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan Power tools shall only be operated and maintained by suitably trained and experienced personnel and shall be included in an inspection. The task for which a power tool is used shall be within the rated capacity of the tool and carried out in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Power tools which are supplied with guards shall have the guards fitted and correctly adjusted. Safety devices such as fail-safe "dead man handles" shall be operable with no attempt made to defeat them. The operator of a power tool shall ensure that: it is checked out before use and is in a safe and serviceable condition. the supply hose or cable is protected from damage and does not present an obstruction or tripping hazard. In particular, ensure that it is not routed: over sharp edges or rough/abrasive surfaces. through oil, water, caustic, corrosive or other fluids. over, or in contact with hot surfaces or sources of heat. across or through doorways, passages or corridors. moving parts are kept away from your body and other persons. torque exerted by the tool is expected and the operator positioned to overcome any torque reaction should the driven element "hang-up" or become stuck. impact (percussion) tools have safety clips fitted to prevent attachments from being expelled. only heavy duty sockets are used with impact wrenches. the tool is motionless before setting it down. attachments such as chisels are removed when not in use and not used in place of hand tools. appropriate personal protective equipment, particularly eye protection, is worn. a good safe footing is achieved and both hands used to operate the tool when working in elevated or restricted areas such as on scaffolding. In the case of electrically driven power tools, ensure that: the supply voltage and the rating on the tool are the same. the cable and connections are in good condition and undamaged. the tool is disconnected from its power source before making adjustments, fitting other attachments or carrying out maintenance. In the case of pneumatically driven power tools, ensure that: they carry a current inspection tag. the air supply is fitted with a pressure regulator and the tool is not operated at a working pressure greater than that for which it is certified. only industrial air supplies are used, not instrument air supplies. only sound, strong hoses with secure couplings and connections from an approved supplier are used.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan hose connections are safety-clipped and fitted with safety strops to prevent whiplash in the event of coupling failure. the line is blown through for a short time, to remove dust and grit, before a tool is connected. hoses are located and secured to prevent damage to them. the air supply is isolated and depressurised before disconnecting any tool. the tool is disconnected from its supply before making adjustments, fitting other attachments or carrying out maintenance. where sparks or heat generated by the use of a pneumatic tool could represent a hazard, use coolant to disperse heat and reduce the possibility of sparks. air hoses are not used for hoisting, lowering or suspending tools.

Compressed air can be dangerous; it must not be used for cleaning purposes unless the air hose is fitted with a special low pressure nozzle designed for the purpose, and the users are wearing eye protection; hearing protection may also be required. Never use compressed air for cleaning overalls or personal equipment. Horseplay involving air hoses or pneumatic tools is extremely dangerous and is strictly forbidden. Personnel indulging in such horseplay will be subject to disciplinary action. MACHINE GUARDING All moving parts of machinery used shall be guarded in accordance with the requirements of POHSS Rule 1200. FIRE PROTECTION (1) Fire Protection equipment shall be, provided in accordance with the requirements of POHSS Rule 1940. (2) Permanent stand pipe installed in a construction site shall: a. be installed progressively as the construction work proceeds. b. be provided with a valve at every hose outlet. c. have a hose outlet to which is connected a hose that is: at least 4 cm. (1 1/2 in.) in diameter, equipped with a combination straight stream and fog nozzle, and installed in all storeys in locations where every part of the budding shall be protected by a hose having a length of not more than 25 m. (75 ft.) d. have a connection of the size used by the local fire department: located on the street side not more than 1 m. (3 ft.) and not less than 0.305m (1 ft.) above the ground level. to which there must be a clear access at all times, and protected from mechanical damage.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan LIGHTING OF WORK AREAS Every work-area and approach thereto, every place where raising or lowering operations with the use of a lifting appliance are in progress, and all openings dangerous to workers, shall be lighted with the minimum requirements provided in POHSS Rule 1210.126. LIFTING OF WEIGHTS For continued lifting, a male worker shall not be made to lift, carry or move any load over fifty kilograms (50 kgs.) and female workers over twenty-five kilograms (25 kgs.). Weights over these shall either be handled by more than one worker or by mechanical means. PIPELINES Repair work on any section of a pipeline under pressure shall not be undertaken until the pipeline is released of the pressure or the section under repair is blocked off the line pressure to ensure that no worker will be endangered. PROTECTION OF THE PUBLIC A safe covered walkway shall be constructed over the sidewalk for use by pedestrians in a building construction work less than 2.3 m. (7 ft.) from a sidewalk or public road.

PROTECTION FROM FALLING MATERIALS (1) Steps shall be taken to protect workers from falling materials, such as the provision of safety helmets and safety shoes. (1) Tools, objects and materials (including waste materials) shall not be thrown or tipped from a height, but shall be properly lowered by crane, hoist or chutes. If such is not practicable, the area where the material is thrown or lowered shall be fenced and no person allowed in the fenced area.

PROTRUDING NAILS AND LOOSE MATERIALS (1) Material or lumber with protruding nails shall not be used in any work or be allowed to remain in any place where they are a source of danger to the workers. (2) Loose materials shall not be placed or left on working platforms, gangways, floors or other workplaces but shall be removed, stacked or stored not to obstruct passage. Materials shall not be stacked in a manner causing danger to the workers or overload and render unsafe any platform, gangway, floor, roof or other part of a building or structure.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan

PROTECTION AGAINST COLLAPSE OF STRUCTURE (1) All temporary structure shall be properly supported by the use of guys, stays, and other fixings necessary for stability during construction. (2) Where construction work will likely reduce the stability of an existing or adjacent building shoring shall be undertaken to prevent the collapse or fall of any part of the structure.

SAFE MEANS OF ACCESS Safe means of access and egress shall be provided and maintained to and from every place where work is undertaken. STORAGE OF MATERIALS (1) Building materials and equipment shall not be placed or stored on a permanent or temporary structure exceeding its safe load carrying capacity. (2) Lumber structural steel and similar building materials shall be properly stored and secured against collapsing or tipping. Cross pieces shall be used in a pile of lumber more than 1m. (3 ft.) high. (3) Pipes and reinforcing steels shall be stacked in racks or frames supported to prevent movement. (4) Gangways and platforms shall not be used as storage for materials and tools. TRAFFIC CONTROL In construction sites where a worker's safety is likely to be endangered by a vehicular traffic, flagmen, warning signs, barriers or lane control devices shall be installed. VEHICULAR LOADING No person shall remain on or in a vehicle during loading or unloading except those required to be there and only when all necessary protection against hazards are provided.

VEHICLE DRIVING No person shall operate any vehicle or equipment in a construction site unless he has adequate training and experience to operate such vehicle or equipment and is authorized by his immediate supervisor.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT The Contractor shall at his own expense furnish his workers with protective equipment for the eyes, face, hands and feet, protective shields and barriers whenever necessary by reason of the hazardous nature of the process or environment, chemical or radiological or other mechanical irritants or hazards capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact. Deduction for the loss or damage of personal protective equipment shall be governed by Article 114, Book III, Labor Code of the Philippines, and Section 14, Rule VIII, Book III, Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code. All personal protective equipment shall be of the approved design and construction appropriate for the exposure and the work to be performed. The Contractor shall be responsible for the adequacy and proper maintenance of personal protective equipment used in his workplace. No person shall be subjected or exposed to a hazardous environmental condition without protection. Different types of Personal Protective Equipment as required were specified in POHSS Rule 1080.

EXCAVATION Shoring and Timbering: (1) The walls of every excavation over 1 m. (3 ft.) deep shall be supported by adequate shoring and timbering to prevent collapse, provided that this shall not apply to an excavation: a) in which a worker is not required to enter for any purposes. b) cut in solid rock. c) the walls are sloped to forty-five degree (45) angle from the vertical or cut to the angle of repose. d) in which a worker is engaged in timbering or other work for the purpose of compliance with this Rule if precautions are taken to ensure his safety. (2) Shoring or timbering in excavation over 6.6 m. (29 ft.) deep and those installed to prevent the movement, collapse of an adjacent structure shall be designed by a structural engineer and approved by the proper authority. (3) No excavation in an adjacent building or structure shall be undertaken unless steps are taken to prevent danger to workers. (4) Before shoring or timbering, the walls of an excavation shall be stripped of loose rocks or other materials that might slide, roll or fall on workers. (5) Every excavation over 1 m. (3 ft.) shall be kept free of water at all times.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan Minimum Berm: (1) Excavated material shall be kept from the edge of the excavation to provide a clear berm of a distance not less than one third of the depth of the excavation. (2) Where the disposal area is limited, a berm of reduced width of not less than 1 m. (3 ft.) may be allowed, provided the materials being excavated are stable, the shoring is designed to carry the additional load, and barriers are provided to prevent roll back of the excavated materials. Tools Materials and Machinery: (1) Tools or materials shall be kept a minimum of I m. (3 ft.) away from the edge of the excavation to prevent their being knocked down into the excavation. (2) No vehicle or other machinery shall be driven, operated or located near the edge of an excavation at least a distance one-third (1/3) of its depth.

Provision for Barricades: The top of the walls of an excavation more than 2.0 m. (6 ft.) deep shall be barricaded to a height of at least 1m. (3 ft.) to prevent the fall of workers. Means of Access and Escape: (1) Every excavation over 1m. (3 ft.) deep shall be provided with means of access and escape in case of flooding or collapse of the excavation work. (2) Every excavation shall have at least one (1) ladder in every 16.6 m. (50 ft.) of length or fraction thereof, of a length, which shall extend at least 0.83 m. (2'6") above the top of the excavation to provide a firm handhold when stepping on or off the ladder.

Inspection and Examination of Excavation: Every part of an excavation over 2 m. (6 ft.) deep where workers work shall be inspected by the person in charge at least once everyday. Supervision and Execution of Timbering and other Work: (1) Timbering or support for any excavation shall be erected, added, altered or dismantled only under the direction of the project supervisor. (2) Timbering and other support for any excavation shall be of good construction, sound materials, and of adequate strength for the purpose for which it is used and properly maintained, (3) All struts and bracings shall be properly secured to prevent displacement. (4) Timber giving off toxic saps or substance soluble in water shall not be used for timbering. Harmful Dust, Gases, Fumes: (1) When harmful dusts, gases and fumes are present in an excavation to such a degree hazardous to the safety and health of the workers, all measures shall be taken either by exhaust ventilation or by other means to free the area of such contaminants.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan (2) Internal combustion engine shall only be operated in an excavation when provision is made to ensure that the exhaust gases and fumes are rendered harmless or discharged to a point away from the excavation.

Sizes and Spacing of Members: Sheathing shall not be less than 5 cm. x 15 cm. (2" x 6") in section, wales not less than 10 cm. x 15 cm. (4" x 6") in section and struts not less than 10 cm. x 15 cm. (4" x 6") in section; the length, section and spacing of timbering members shall be designed considering the nature of soil, depth and the surroundings.

SCAFFOLDING Every scaffold shall be of good construction of sound materials and strength for the purpose for which it is intended. Timber used for scaffolds shall be in good condition, the bark completely stripped off, and not painted or treated in any manner that defects cannot be easily seen. All materials and parts of scaffold not in use or intended for re-use shall be kept under good condition and separate from other materials unsuitable for scaffolds. Timber/bamboo scaffoldings shall be limited to a height of 20 meters from the ground or base provided that, over a height of 10 meters, the scaffolding and all other installations constructed over the scaffolding shall be designed by a structural engineer and duly approved by the appropriate authority. At heights over 20 meters, structural metals should be used designed by a structural engineer and duly approved by the appropriate authority. Structural steel when used as load bearing members of scaffolding shall be destressed at welded or bent joints and design construction approved by the proper authority. Refer to POHSS Rule 1414. CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Lifting Appliances: (1) Every lifting appliance including working gear and all other plant equipment used for anchoring or fixing shall: i. be of good mechanical construction, of sound material and adequate strength for the load it will carry; ii. be properly maintained and inspected at least once a week and the result of such inspection shall be recorded in a log book maintained by the employer or user of the equipment, open to enforcing authority. (2) Any anchoring or fixing arrangement provided in connection with a lifting appliance shall be adequate and secure to hold the imposed load. Brake Controls and Safety Devices: (1) Every crane, crab and winch shall be provided with a brake to prevent the fall of the load and to control operation when the load is lowered. (2) Every handle or lever of a lifting appliance provided for controlling its operation shall be provided with suitable locking arrangement to prevent its accidental movement. 8

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan (3) Every lever or handle provided for controlling the operation of a lifting appliance shall have upon it clear marking to indicate purpose and mode of operation.

Protection of Crane Driver: (1) Platform for crane drivers and signalers shall be: i. of sufficient area, ii. closely planked, plated and iii. provided with safe means of access and egress. (2) Every side of a platform more than 2.16 meters (6.5 ft.) high shall be provided with guard rails and toeboards. (3) The driver of every power driven lifting appliance shall be provided with a cabin which shall: i. afford protection from the weather and falling objects, and ii. be constructed to afford ready access to operating parts of the lifting appliance within the cabin and shall be periodically inspected and maintained. Anchorage and Load Test of Cranes: (1) When lifting appliances are used on soft or uneven ground or on a slope, adequate measures shall be taken to ensure their stability or undue movement. (2) No crane shall be used for raising or lowering loads unless: i. it is securely anchored; ii. adequately balanced by a weight properly placed and secured (3) Every crane after erection altered or any kind of change shall be tested by the contractor/supervisor with the imposition either: i. of a load of twenty-five per cent (25%) above the maximum load to be lifted by the crane as erected at the position when the maximum pull is applied on each anchorage, or ii. of lesser load arranged to provide an equivalent test of the anchorages or balancing arrangements. (4) A report of the test shall be recorded in a log book to be maintained by the employer. (5) The maximum load allowed shall be affixed in a place where it can be readily be seen by the crane operator. (6) No crane shall be used or erected under conditions likely to endanger stability.

Drums and Pulleys: Every chain or rope that terminates at the winding drum of a lifting appliance shall be properly secured thereto and at least two turns or such chain or rope shall remain on the drum in every operating maximum end position of the appliance. Crane Operation and Signaling: (1) A lifting appliance shall not be operated other than by a person trained, competent, physically fit, and authorized to operate the appliance.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan (2) When the operator of a lifting appliance has no clear and unrestricted view of the load for safe working, there shall be appointed one or more signal men to give the necessary signals to the operator. Every signal given for the movement or stopping of a lifting appliance shall be distinctive in character and the person to whom it is given is able to hear or see it easily.

(3)

Safe Working Loads: Safe working loads shall be plainly marked on every lifting appliance and in case of a crane with variable operating radius, safe load at various radii of the jib shall be marked on the jib displayed in the driver's cabin or fitted with an automatic safe load indicator. In every derricking jib, the maximum radius at which the jib may be worked shall be plainly marked on it. No lifting appliance shall be loaded beyond its safe working load. Chains, Ropes and Lifting Gears: (1) No chain, rope or lifting gear shall be used unless: i. it is of good construction, sound material, of adequate strength, suitable quality and free from potent defects. ii. it has been tested and examined by a competent person specifying the safe working load. (2) No wire rope shall be used for lifting and lowering of any load if in any 10 meters length the total number of visible broken wires exceed five percent of the total number of wires in the rope. (3) No chain, rope of lifting gear shall be loaded beyond its safe working load except for the purpose of testing. (4) No chain, ring hook, link, clamp, shackle, swivel or eyebolt altered or repaired by welding shall be used unless it is tested and examined and its working load specified in the test. (5) Hooks for missing or lowering of load shall have devices to prevent displacement of sling or load. (6) No double or multiple sling shall be used if the upper ends are not connected by means of shackle, ring or link of adequate strength or the safe working load is exceeded. (7) Chains with knots or chains shortened by means of bolts and knots inserted through the links or by welding shall not be used. (8) No chain, rope or lifting gear shall be used unless it is thoroughly examined by a competent person at intervals of six (6) months and the result of examination recorded in a log book maintained for the purpose open for inspection by the enforcing authority. (9) A chain or lifting gear shall not be used unless it is annealed or heat treated as required by the manufacturer.

DEMOLITION All demolition operations of building or other structure over six (6) meters high shall be under supervision of a competent person. No person except the workers who are directly 10

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan engaged in the demolition shall enter a demolition area to within a distance equal to 1 1/2 times the height of the structure being demolished, where this distance is not possible the structure shall be fenced around and no unauthorized person shall be allowed within the fenced area. On every demolition work, danger signs shall be posted around the structure and all doors and opening giving access to the structure shall be kept barricaded or guarded. (2) Demolition work shall not commence until: a. all necessary steps have been taken to prevent injury to any person or damage to adjoining property,and b. all existing gas, electrical and other services likely to endanger a worker shall have been shut off ordisconnected. (3) Prior to demolition all glass shall: a. be removed from windows and other locations, or b. otherwise shall be protected so that there is no possibility of breakage at any stage of the demolition. (4) Shoring or other necessary measures shall be taken to prevent the accidental collapse of any part of the building or structure being demolished or any adjacent building or structure endangering the workers. (5) Demolition shall proceed systematically, storey by storey, in a descending order and the work on the upper floors shall be completely over before removing any of the supporting members of the structure on the lower floor. This shall not prohibit the demolition on section, in the same descending order if means are taken to prevent injury to workers and damage to property. (6) All precautions shall be taken to avoid damage from collapse of a budding being demolished or any part of it when any part of the framing is removed from a framed or partly framed building. (7) No building or any part of the structure shall be overloaded with debris or materials to render it unsafe and hazardous to persons working. (8) Adequate precautions shall be taken to avoid danger from any sudden twisting, springing or collapse of any steel or ironwork cut or released. (9) No workers shall stand on top of wall, pier or chimney more than six (6) meters (1 8 ft.) high unless safe flooring or adequate scaffolding or staging is provided on all sides of the wall, three (3) meters (9 ft.) away from where he is working. (10) A truss, girder, or other structural member shall not be disconnected until it has been: a. relieved of all loads other than its own weight, and b. provided with temporary supports. (11) Stairs and stair railings, passageways and ladders shall be demolished last. (12) (12)When demolition is suspended or discontinued all access to the remaining part of the building shall be fenced or barricaded. MECHANICAL DEMOLITION The demolition area where work is done by mechanical devices such as weight balls or power shovels shall: (1) be barricaded for a minimum distance of 1 1/2 times the height of the structure. (1)

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CONSTRUCTION SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS


Project: Proposed Two-Storey Residence Owner: Mrs. Fatima Cuison Ventura Location: #80 Cortez St., Brgy. Guilig, Mangaldan, Pangasinan (2) (3) not allow entrance of unauthorized persons. arranged and maintained so the mechanical devices used shall not cause any damage to adjacent structures, power lines or public road.

HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES Hazardous substances can include the following: Paints, solvents, glues, sealants Particle fibre board, MDF, insulation material Concrete, cements, cement finishes, concrete sealants, and some plasters Grease, oils, fuels, asphalt/bitumen Welding fumes produced or generated from a non-hazardous substance The Contractor must find out if a substance is classed as hazardous by obtaining a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the substance from the manufacturer or importer. The manufacturers MSDS must be obtained Do not alter the MSDS in any way 138 Incolink - Safety Handbook If the MSDS is older than 5 years obtain the latest MSDS from the manufacturer MSDS should be readily accessible to employees An MSDS register should be accessible to first aiders If the MSDS fails to provide sufficient technical information (e.g. does not identify the specific chemical entities) seek clarification from the manufacturer or expert advice from a qualified hygienist. This may include a reputable chemical data base. Remember a MSDS does not tell you whether a product is safe for use. Chemical products which have been classified as hazardous must be properly assessed as to their suitability for application on site.

This set of Specifications covers 12 pages.

Prepared by:

Approved by:

_________________________ Engineer

_________________________ Project Owner

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