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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional responsiveness. It is a serious mental illness that involves disturbances in reality (psychosis), thought processes, perception, affect, social and occupational functioning. It most commonly manifests itself as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking. The onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood, with a global lifetime prevalence of about 0.3 0.7%. Diagnosis is based on observed behavior and the patient's reported experiences.

A persons temperaments and general behaviors often are related to the content of the disturbance of thought. For example, people who believe that they are being persecuted unjustly may be easily angered and become hostile.

4. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia:
Characterized by bizarre behavior that does not meet the criteria of other types of schizophrenia. The symptoms of any one person can fluctuate at different points in time, resulting in uncertainty as to the correct subtype classification. Other people will exhibit symptoms that are remarkably stable over time but still may not fit one of the typical subtype pictures. In either instance, diagnosis of the undifferentiated subtype may best describe the mixed clinical syndrome.

Types of Schizophrenia 1 .Disorganized Schizophrenia:

Characterized by flat affect (such as silliness or giggling), bizarre behavior, and social impairment. There is marked flight of ideas and incoherence.

5. Residual Schizophrenia: 2. Catatonic Schizophrenia:

Characterized by catatonic stupor, evidenced by extreme psychomotor retardation and posturing, and catatonic excited, excitement, extreme psychomotor agitation with purposeless movements that may harm self or others. Exhibits negativism, waxy flexibility, stupor and mutism. This subtype is diagnosed when the patient no longer displays prominent symptoms. In such cases, the schizophrenic symptoms generally have lessened in severity. Hallucinations, delusions or idiosyncratic behaviors may still be present, but their manifestations are significantly diminished in comparison to the acute phase of the illness.

3. Paranoid Schizophrenia:
People diagnosed with the paranoid subtype may not appear odd or unusual and may not readily discuss the symptoms of their illness. Typically, the hallucinations and delusions revolve around some characteristic theme, and this theme often remains fairly consistent over time.