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1511/1 Sains Kertas 1

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN


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PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI SAINS SPM 2011 KOLEKSI SOALAN SEBENAR SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA (2003 2010) PAPER 1 / Kertas 1

CHAPTER 8 : CHEMICALS IN INDUSTRY

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 7 halaman bercetak

1511/1 @ 2011 Hak Cipta JPNWP 2003 1

[Lihat sebelah SULIT

Aminah realized that her gold ring can be easily bent. How can she hardened it? Aminah mendapati cincin emasnya mudah bengkok. Apakah cara untuk menjadikan cincin emasnya bertambah keras? A Add more gold to it
Menambah lebih banyak emas

B Melt and remould it


Dileburkan adan diacukan semula

C Knock it to its original shape


Diketuk semula ke bentuk asal

D Melt it and add other elements to it


Dilebur dan ditambahkan unsure lain

The information shows the industrial products produced from substance X.


Maklumat menunjukkan hasil industri dari bahan X.

Fertiliser Nitric acid

Baja Asid nitrik Detergent Bahan pencuci

What is X ? Apakah X? A Sulphur


Sulfur

B Ethanol
Etanol

C Ammonia
Ammonia

D Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfrik

2004 3 Which of the following are uses of an alloy ?


Antara berikut yang manakah kegunaan aloi?

I. To make ornaments
Membuat barang perhiasan

II. To produce superconductors


Menghasilkan superkonduktor

III. To build the bodies of aircraft


Membina badan pesawat terbang

I and II only
I dan II sahaja II dan III sahaja

B I and III only


I dan III sahaja

C II and III only

D I, II and III
I, II dan III

The information shows a word equation of the Haber process.


Maklumat menunjukkan persamaan perkataan bagi proses Haber.

Iron catalyst
Mangkin besi

Nitrogen + Hydrogen

Ammonia

What happens when the temperature is decreased to 200oC?


Apakah yang akan berlaku apabila suhu diturunkan pada 200oC?

I II III A

Less ammonia is produced


Sedikit ammonia terhasil

The reaction becomes slow


Tindak balas menjadi perlahan

Solid ammonia is produced


Pepejal ammonia terhasil

I and II only
I dan II sahaja II dan III sahaja

B I and III only


I dan III sahaja

C II and III only

D I, II and III
I, II dan III

The surrounding area of a factory is polluted when the factory


Kawasan persekitaran kilang tercemar apabila kilang itu

A B C D

uses air-conditioning
menggunakan pendingin hawa

uses a low smoke chimney


Menggunakan cerobong asap yang rendah

uses electricity to operate


Menggunakan tenaga elektrik untuk beroperasi

burns waste materials in an enclosed incinerator


Membakar bahan buangan dalam incinerator tertutup

2005 6 Which of the following processes increase the hardness of a metal?


Antara proses berikut yang manakah dapat menambahkan kekerasan sesuatu logam?

A Purification
Penulenan

B Alloying
Pengaloian

C Plating
Penyaduran

D Polymerization
Pempolimeran

The word equation below shows the reaction to produce a type of fertilizer.
Persamaan perkataan di bawah menunjukkan tindak balas untuk menghasilkan sejenis baja.

Ammonia + sulphruric acid


Ammonia + asid sulfurik

Fertilizer X
Baja X

Fertilizer X is
Baja X ialah

A ammonium nitrate
ammonia nitrat

C ammonium chloride
ammonia klorida

B ammonium sulphate
ammonia sulfat

D ammonium carbonate
ammonia karbonat

2006 8 What is the main metal used in the formation of pewter?


Apakah logam utama yang digunakan dalam pembentukan piuter?

A Iron
Besi

B Nickel
Nikel

C Tin
Timah

D Antimony
Antimoni

Choose the correct match between industrial wastes and the method of controlling Them.
Pilih padanan yang betul tentang bahan sisa industri dan cara pengawalannya.

Industrial wastes
Bahan sisa industri

Methods of controlling
Cara pengawalan

A. B. C. D. 2007

Radioactive wastes
Sisa radioaktif

Recycle
Kitar semula

Toxic wastes
Bahan sisa toksik

Flow out to the river


Alirkan ke sungai

Oil palm wastes


Sisa kelapa sawit

Open burning
Bakar secara terbuka

Soot and dust


Jelaga dan habuk

Electrostatic precipitator
Pemendak elektrostatik

10 A student wants to build a model of an aeroplane which is light and strong. Which of the following substances is the most suitable to be used?
Seorang murid ingin membuat model kapal terbang yang ringan dan kuat. Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah paling sesuai digunakan?

A Iron
Besi

Steel
Keluli

C Copper
Kuprum

D Duralumin
Duralumin

11 Which of the following is the effect of excessive disposal of organic waste?


Antara berikut, yang manakah kesan pelupusan sisa organik yang berlebihan?

A Acid rain
Hujan asid

B C

Greenhouse effects
Kesan rumah hijau

Depletion of the ozone layer


Penipisan lapisan ozon Kemusnahan hidupan akuatik

D Destruction of aquatic life

2008 12 Which mixture form bronze?


Campuran yang manakah menghasilkan gangsa?

Iron and carbon


Besi dan karbon Kuprum dan zink

B Copper and tin


Kuprum dan timah

C Copper and zinc

D Tin and antinomy


Timah dan antinom

13 The following information shows the uses of chemical substance X.


Maklumat berikut menunjukkan kegunaan bahan kimia X.

To produce fertilizer
Untuk menghasilkan baja

To produce nitric acid


Untuk menghasilkan asid nitrik

What X?
Apakah X?

Ester
Ester Ammonia

B Alcohol
Alkohol

C Ammonia

D Neoprene
Neoprena

14 The following information shows the effects of pollution on the environment.


Maklumat berikut menunjukkan kesan pencemaran ke atas alam sekitar.

Acid rain
Hujan asid

Global warming
Pemanasan global

What is the source of the pollution?


Apakah punca pencemaran itu?

Agriculture waste
Sisa pertanian Pembakaran bahan api fosil

B Radioactive waste
Sisa radioaktif

C Burning fossil fuels 2009 15 Diagram 10 shows an aeroplane.


Rajah 10 menunjukkan sebuah kapal terbang.

D Industrial toxic waste


Sisa toksid industri

Diagram 10 (pg 121)


Rajah 10

What is the material used to build the part labeled S?


Apakah bahan yang digunakan untuk membina bahagian berlabel S?

Iron
Besi Duralumin

B Steel
Keluli

C Duralumin

D Aluminium
Aluminium

16 Which gas released by industrial activities in the main cause of acidic rain?
Antara gas yang dibebaskan oleh aktiviti perindustrian, yang manakah penyebab utama hujan acid?

Ammonia
Ammonia Karbon dioksidal

B Sulphur dioxide
Sulfur dioksida

C Carbon dioxide

D Carbon monoxide
Karbon monoksida

2010 17 The body of an aeroplane is made of duralumin. What is the main metal used?
Badan kapal terbang diperbuat daripada duralumin. Apakah logam utama yang digunakan?

Aluminium
Aluminium Kuprum

B Magnesium
Magnesium

C Copper

D Iron
Besi

18 Diagram 11 shows the production of compound X in an industry.


Rajah 11 menunjukkan proses penghasilan sebatian X dalam industri.

What is compound X?
Apakah sebatian X?

Nitrate
Nitrat Acid nitrik

B Ammonia
Ammonia

C Nitric acid

D Sulphuric acid
Asid sulfurik