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Drill exercise Complex Number by Abhijit kumar jha

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DRILL EXERCISE - 1
1. Prove that i
n
+ i
n+1
+ i
n+2
+ i
n+3
= 0, for all n e N.
2. Find real
u
such that
u
u +
sin i 2 1
sin i 2 3
is (A) real (B) purely imaginary
3. Find the least positive value of n, if
n
i 1
i 1
|
.
|

\
|

+
=1.
4. Find the modulus and argument of the following
(i) 5 (ii) 7 (iii) 9i (iv) 18i
(v) 1 +
i 3
(vi) 1 + i (vii)
i 3
(viii) 3
3
i
5. Express the following complex number in the polar form (i)
i 1
i 1

+
(ii)
i 3 5
i 3 6 2
+
+
DRILL EXERCISE - 2
1. Find the square root of :
(A) 24 + 10 i (B) 5 + 12 i (C) 5 + 12 i (D) 8 6 i
2. Find the number of solutions of Re(z
2
) = 0 and | z | = 2 a , where z is a complex number and a > 0.
3. If the area of the triangle formed by the points represented by, z, z + iz and iz is 200, then find the
value of | z |.
4. Prove that the sum and product of two complex numbers are real if and only if they are conjugate of
each other.
5. Find the value of x
3
+ 7x
2
x +16, when x = 1 + 2i.
DRILL EXERCISE - 3
1. If z
1
and z
2
are two complex number such that | z
1
z
2
| = | z
1
| | z
2
|, then find the value of
(arg z
1
arg z
2
)
2. Show that a real value of x will satisfy the equation ib a
ix 1
ix 1
=
+

if a
2
+ b
2
= 1 (a, b real ).
3. Show that 2z 5 ( 2 i) 3 | 2z 5| + = + , where z is a complex number..
4. If arg(z
1/3
) =
2
1
arg(z
2
+ z z
1/3
), then find the value of | z |.
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Drill exercise Complex Number by Abhijit kumar jha
http://akj259.wordpress.com
5. If z be any complex number and if z
2
+ az + b = 0 has two roots both of which has unit modulus, then
prove that | a | s 2, | b | = 1 and arg(b) = 2arg(a).
DRILL EXERCISE - 4
1. If z = i
i
, then find the value of z

| z |.
2. Write in the form A + iB :
(A)
6
3
sin i
3
cos 1
(

t
+
t
+
(B) ) i 1 ( n + (C)
1 n 2
1 n 2
) i 1 (
) i 1 (

+
(n integer)
3. If
r r r
2
sin i
2
cos x
t
+
t
= , prove that 1 ......... x x x
3 2 1
= .
4. If | o, are the roots of the equation x
2
2x + 4 = 0, prove that
3
n
cos . 2
1 n n n
t
= | + o
+
.
5. If
2
, , 1 e e are the three cube roots of unity, show that
(A) 32 ) 1 ( ) 1 (
5 2 5 2
= e e + + e + e
(B) 1 ) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
5 4 2
= e + e + e + e +
DRILL EXERCISE - 5
1. The roots z
1
, z
2
, z
3
of the equation 0 z 3 z 3 z
2 3
= + | + o + correspond to the points A, B and C
on the complex plane. Find the complex number representing the centroid of the triangle ABC, and
show that the triangle is equilateral if | = o
2
.
2. If 0 cos z z 2 z z
2 1
2
2
2
1
= u + + , prove that the points represented by z
1
, z
2
and the origin form an
isosceles triangle.
3. If A, B, C represent the complex numbers z
1
, z
2
, z
3
respectively on the complex plane and the
angles at B and C are each equal to
) (
2
1
o t
, then prove that
2 / sin ) z z ( ) z z ( 4 ) z z (
2
2 1 1 3
2
3 2
o = .
4. A, B And C are points represented by complex numbers z
1
, z
2
and z
3
. If the circumcenter of the
triangle ABC is at the origin and the altitude AD of the triangle meets the circumcircle again at P,
then find the complex number representing point P.
Drill exercise Complex Number by Abhijit kumar jha
http://akj259.wordpress.com
5. If z
1
, z
2
, z
3
and z
1
', z
2
', z
3
' represents the vertices of two similar triangle ABC and PQR, respectively
then prove that
1
' z
z z
.
z z
' z
' z
z z
.
z z
' z
3
1 3
1 2
2
3
3 2
1 2
1
>

DRILL EXERCISE - 6
1. If a, b, c are three complex numbers such that b a ) 1 ( c + = , for some non-zero real numbers

, then prove that the points corresponding to a, b, c are collinear..


2. One vertex of the triangle of maximum area that can be inscribed in the curve
| z 2 i | = 2, is 2 + 2i, then find the remaining vertices.
3. Find the locus of z which satisfied the inequality | i z | log | 2 z | log
5 . 0 5 . 0
> .
4. If the vertices of a triangle ABC are represented by z
1
, z
2
, z
3
respectively then show that the
orthocenter of the ABC A is
C sec c B sec b A sec a
z ) C sec c ( z ) B sec b ( z ) A sec a (
3 2 1
+ +
+ +
.
5. If z = 2 + t + i
2
t 3
, where t is real and t
2
< 3, show that the modulus of
1 z
1 z

+
is independent of
t. Also show that the locus of the points z for different values of t is a circle and finds its centre and
radius.
DRILL EXERCISE - 7
1. Consider a square OABC in the Argand plan, where O is origin and ) z ( A A
0
. Then find the
equation of the circle that can be inscribed in the this square. (vertices of square are given in
anticlockwise order)
2. If k
z 3
z 2
z 2
z 3
2
2
1
1
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

, then prove that the points A(z


1
), B(z
2
), C(3, 0) and D(2, 0) (taken in
clockwise sense) will lie on a circle only for k < 0.
3. z lies on the circle centered at origin. If area of the triangle whose vertex are z , z e and
z z e +
,
where e is the cube root of unity, is
3 4
sq. unit, then find the radius of the circle.
4. If
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
| z | 2
1 | z | | z |
log
2
) 3 / 1 ( > 2 then show that z lies in the interior of a circle with centre at the
origin and radius 5 units.
5. Find all complex numbers common to | z | =
2 2
and arg
)
`

+
+
) i 1 ( z
) i 5 ( z
=
4
t
.
Drill exercise Complex Number by Abhijit kumar jha
http://akj259.wordpress.com
DRILL EXERCISE - 8
1. If for a complex number z, | z 1| + | z + 1| = 2, then prove that z lies on a line segment.
2. If z be any complex number such that | 3z 2 | + | 3z + 2 | = 4, then prove that locus of z is a line
segment.
3. Let z be a variable complex number and a is a real constant. Then find the solution set for z, satisfying
the equation, | z a | + | z + a | = | a | .
4. If z
1
, z
2
, z
3
are the affixes of the vertices of a triangle, then show that the affix of the orthocentre of the
triangle is given by
) z z z z (
) z z ( | z | ) z z ( z
2 1 2 1
3 2
2
1 3 2
2
1
E
E + E
.
5. Prove that the area of the triangle whose vertices are the points represented by the complex numbers
z
1
, z
2
, z
3
on the Argand diagram is

|
|
.
|

\
|
1
2
1 3 2
z i 4
| z | ) z z (
.
Drill exercise Complex Number by Abhijit kumar jha
http://akj259.wordpress.com
ANSWER KEY
Drill Exercise -1
2. (A)
t = u n
(B)
) I n (
3
n e
t
t
3. 4
4. (i) Mod = 5, arg = 0 (ii) Mod = 7, arg = 0
(iii) Mod = 9, arg = t/2 (iv) Mod = 18, arg = t/2
(v) Mod = 2, arg = t/3 (vi) Mod =
2
, arg = t/4
(v) Mod = 2, arg = t/6 (vi) Mod = 2
3
, arg = t/6
5. (i) z =
2
sin i
2
cos
t
+
t
(ii) z = 2
|
.
|

\
| t
+
t
3
sin i
3
cos
Drill Exercise -2
1. (A) ) i 5 1 ( + (B) ) i 2 3 ( + (C) ) i 3 2 ( + (D) ) i 3 1 (
2. 4 3. 20 5. 17 + 24i
Drill Exercise -3
1. 0 4. 1
Drill Exercise -4
1. 0 2. (A) 27 (B)
4
i 2 n
t
+
(C) 2(n is even), 2 (n is odd)
4. 0 1 n cos x 2 x
2
= + u
Drill Exercise -5
4.
1
2 3
z
z z
z =
Drill Exercise -6
2.
( ) 3 2 i 1 +
;
( ) 3 2 i 1 +
3. 4x 2y > 3 5. centre is (2, 0); radius =
3
Drill Exercise -7
1.
| z |
2
) i 1 ( z
z 2
0
0
=
+

3. 4 units 5. z =
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

2
7 3
2
7 3
Drill Exercise -8
3. Null set