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Global Warming Potentials

The following table includes the direct (except for CH4) 100-year time horizon global warming potentials (GWP) relative to CO2. This table is adapted from table 2.14 of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007. The 4th assessment report values are the most recent (2007), but the second assessment report values (1995) are also listed. For more information, please see the IPCC website (www.ipcc.ch).
[Table] Direct (except for CH4) global warming potentials (GWP) relative to CO2 (adapted from table 2.14, IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007)

Industrial designation or common name


Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide

GWP for 100-year time horizon Chemical formula Second assessment report (SAR)
1 21 310

4th assessment report (AR4)


1 25 298

CO2 CH4 N2O

Substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol


CFC-11 CFC-12 CFC-13 CFC-113 CFC-114 CFC-115 Halon-1301 Halon-1211 Halon-2402 Carbon tetrachloride Methyl bromide Methyl chloroform CCl3F CCl2F2 CClF3 CCl2FCClF2 CClF2CClF2 CClF2CF3 CBrF3 CBrClF2 CBrF2CBrF2 CCl4 CH3Br CH3CCl3 100 1,400 5,400 4,800 3,800 8,100 4,750 10,900 14,400 6,130 10,000 7,370 7,140 1,890 1,640 1,400 5 146

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Industrial designation or common name


HFCF-21 HCFC-22 HCFC-123 HCFC-124 HCFC-141b HCFC-142b HCFC-225ca HCFC-225cb

GWP for 100-year time horizon Chemical formula Second assessment report (SAR) 4th assessment report (AR4)
151 1,500 90 470 600 1,800 1,810 77 609 725 2,310 122 595

CHCl2F CHCLF2 CHCl2CF3 CHClFCF3 CH3CCl2F CH3CClF2 CHCl2CF2CF3 CHClFCF2CClF2

Hydrofluorocarbons
HFC-23 HFC-32 HFC-41 HFC-125 HFC-134 HFC-134a HFC-143 HFC-143a HFC-152 HFC-152a HFC-161 HFC-227ea HFC-236cb HFC-236ea HFC-236fa HFC-245ca CHF3 CH2F2 CH3F2 CHF2CF3 CHF2CHF2 CH2FCF3 CH2FCHF2 CH3CF3 CH2FCH2F CH3CHF2 CH3CH2F CF3CHFCF3 CH2FCF2CF3 CHF2CHFCF3 CF3CH2CF3 CH2FCF2CHF2 6,300 560 2,900 140 11,700 650 150 2,800 1000 1,300 300 3,800 14,800 675 92 3,500 1,100 1,430 353 4,470 53 124 12 3,220 1,340 1,370 9,810 693

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Industrial designation or common name


HFC-254fa HFC-365mfc HFC-43-10mee

GWP for 100-year time horizon Chemical formula Second assessment report (SAR) 4th assessment report (AR4)
1,030 794 1,300 1,640

CHF2CH2CF3 CH3CF2CH2CF3 CF3CHFCHFCF2CF3

Perfluorinated compounds
Sulfur hexafluoride Nitrogen trifluoride PFC-14 PFC-116 PFC-218 PFC-318 PFC-3-1-10 PFC-4-1-12 PFC-5-1-14 PCF-9-1-18 Trifluoromethyl sulfur pentafluoride Perfluorocyclopropane SF6 NF3 CF4 C2F6 C3F8 c-C4F8 C4F10 C5F12 C6F14 C10F18 SF5CF3 c-C3F6 6,500 9,200 7,000 8,700 7,000 7,500 7,400 23,900 22,800 17,200 7,390 12,200 8,830 10,300 8,860 9,160 9,300 >7,500 17,700 >17,340

Fluorinated ethers
HFE-125 HFE-134 HFE-143a HCFE-235da2 HFE-245cb2 HFE-245fa2 HFE-254cb2 CHF2OCF3 CHF2OCHF2 CH3OCF3 CHF2OCHClCF3 CH3OCF2CF3 CHF2OCH2CF3 CH3OCF2CHF2 14,900 6,320 756 350 708 659 359

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Industrial designation or common name


HFE-347mcc3 HFE-347pcf2 HFE-356pcc3 HFE-449sl (HFE-7100) HFE-569sf2 (HFE-7200) HFE-43-10pccc124 (HGalden 1040x) HFE-236ca12 (HG-10) HFE-338pcc13 (HG-01) HFE-227ea HFE-236ea2 HFE-236fa HFE-245fa1 HFE 263fb2 HFE-329mcc2 HFE-338mcf2 HFE-347mcf2 HFE-356mec3 HFE-356pcf2 HFE-356pcf3 HFE 365mcf3 HFE-374pc2

GWP for 100-year time horizon Chemical formula Second assessment report (SAR) 4th assessment report (AR4)
575 580 110 297 59 1,870 2,800 1,500 1,540 989 487 286 11 919 552 374 101 265 502 11 557

CH3OCF2CF2CF3 CHF2CF2OCH2CF3 CH3OCF2CF2CHF2 C4F9OCH3 C4F9OC2H5 CHF2OCF2OC2F4OCHF2 CHF2OCF2OCHF2 CHF2OCF2CF2OCHF2 CF3CHFOCF3 CHF2OCHFCF3 CF3CH2OCF3 CHF2CH2OCF3 CF3CH2OCH3 CHF2CF2OCF2CF3 CF3CH2OCF2CF3 CHF2CH2OCF2CF3 CH3OCF2CHFCF3 CHF2CH2OCF2CHF2 CHF2OCH2CF2CHF2 CF3CF2CH2OCH3 CHF2CF2OCH2CH3

Perfluoropolyethers
PFPMIE
CF3OCF(CF3)CF2OCF2OCF3

10,300

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Industrial designation or common name

GWP for 100-year time horizon Chemical formula Second assessment report (SAR) 4th assessment report (AR4)

Hydrocarbons and other compounds-direct effects


Dimethylether Chloroform Methylene chloride Methyl choloride Halon-1201 Trifluoroiodomethane
CH3OCH3 CHCl3 CH2Cl2 CH3Cl CHBrF2 CF3I

1 4 9 31 8.7 13 404 <1 0.4

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