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OCT. 2012
afterproject .eu

Buildings account for around 40% of EU energy requirements. In the last five years, Social Housing Organizations have played an exemplary role in improving the energy efficiency of the housing sector. They have anticipated forthcoming national legislation and have punctually experimented with the construction of low-energy buildings and innovative energy refurbishment. AFTER aims to promote and continue this effort especially in light of the obstacles and challenges presented by the current economic situation. The AFTER project aims to enable participating and non-participating Social Housing Institutions and Organizations all over Europe to improve the energy efficiency of their housing stock with cost optimal solutions. Its goal is to promote and develop existing European knowledge in the areas of energy saving strategies and encourage their implementation by companies in the housing sector. Social Housing Organizations in 6 different countries (Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, and Slovenia) and their partners -including National Housing Associations, Scientific Committee and National Tenants Associations- are cooperating to highlight and evaluate the most efficient and adaptable energy saving measures. AFTER asserts the importance of establishing energy efficiency as a major goal even after construction of the building. The project promotes measures adapted to a variety of investments and situations. A special emphasis is placed on the important contributions of operation maintenance and management in the energy performance of buildings. AFTER will participate directly to this effort in improving energy efficiency by 20% according to the target set for 2020 by the European Commission.

AFTER Presentation .............................. p.1 AFTER ESMs .......................................... p.2 Partners Interviews ............................... p.4 Review of Current works ..................... p.6 AFTER News and Events ...................... p.7 Dissemination/EU News ....................... p.8 Partners ................................................... p.9


18 Pilot Sites have been identified by the participating Social Housing Organizations. According to the Pilot ESMs implemented on this Pilot Sites, partners proposed some optimization suggestions in order to improve the efficiency of the measures and guarantee their performance. Quick overview of the different Pilot Sites connected with first information on the Optimization solutions that are (or will be) implemented on field.
The objective of the second phase of the AFTER Project is now to optimize these ESMs finding actions that will correct and improve their efficiency after their implementation.

AFTER Energy Saving Measures have been presented in the Newsletter #2 of the project. These Energy Saving Measures (ESMs) cover an exhaustive range of interventions on the social housing stock aiming at improving the energy efficiency of the buildings, their economic performance both for the Social Housing Organizations and their tenants.

Optimizing Energy Saving Measures

An Optimization Solution is related to an ESM which show potential of improvement.This potential can concern the 3 following objectives: - improve the economic model of the ESM. - enhance the energy efficiency. - increase the social performance and the reception of the ESM by tenants.) As a consequence the Optimization Solution can lead to several types of actions: - management & strategic decision - technical intervention (control, maintenance, replacement) on the systems and equipment. - improve the reception of the ESM by tenants. The objective is still to highlight simple and lowcost interventions that will improve the savings linked to an Energy Saving Measure. Optimization solutions have been proposed by the AFTER participating Social Housing Organizations with the sustain of the Scientific partners. These optimizations will be tested during the heating season in order to measure and to assess their impact on buildings.

Reminder : AFTER collects and improves Energy Saving Measures

An Energy Saving Measure can be described as followed. An ESM: is implemented in order to improve the energy consumption of a building and related to heating aspects, warm water or electric powering for heating equipment. its impacts can eventually be monitored and evaluated regarding kWh and heating energy costs. can be optimized/influenced/present a potential to be improved. These ESMs gather a large range of interventions that have been listed as follows


RAMEAUX, lempdes
70 dwellings

Type of ESM: Energy contract review. Optimization Suggestion proposed: List of interventions planned and proposed as options by the energy supplier in the contract in order to improve the energy performance. Profit-sharing clause on the energy supply and contractual clauses securizing the price of the energy (gas). Type of ESM: Connexion to a district heating system (80% wood) Optimization Suggestion proposed: Modification of the requested heat flow after a refurbishment of the building in order to maximize the economic efficiency reducing the standing charge linked to the access of the district heating system.

AIGUIllADE, Clermont-Ferrand
196 dwellings

BERGSON, Clermont-Ferrand
142 dwellings

Type of ESM: Global retrofitting to low-energy building Optimization Suggestion proposed: Mechanical ventilation system based on static pressure and on hourly settings adjusted with different settings on its different parts (fan, ducts, extractors) in order to see the effects on flow rates, hygrometry and electric consumption of the ventilation system.


36 dwellings

Type of ESM: Web portal Optimization Suggestion proposed: Web portal use and impact improved thanks to direct communication with the tenants: certificates in the entrance, visualization tools, personal advising for the most energy-consuming tenants by the staff of the SHO, competition and pedagogic approach of the information.

Type of ESM: Regulation of pressure in the heating system. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Circulation pump overloaded causing excessive energy consumption for its activity. New positioning for a capillary pipe in the scheme between circulation pump, manual valve and the differential pressure regulator in order to reduce overload of the circulation pump .

MlADI, Havirov
66 dwellings

Type of ESM: Global refurbishment with exchange of windows. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Thermovision with diagnosis on the weak points of the insulation. Intervention on the repetitive errors without having to enter into the appartments: reinforcement of the joints related to the windows frame. DESTINNOVE, Havirov
68 dwellings

30 dwellings

Type of ESM: Replacement of a standard boiler by a calorific boiler. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Radiators were not replaced and were sized according to the old supply temperature. Hydraulic balancing will ensured that each radiator gets the same amount of heat.

MATHIlDEN, Darmstadt
19 dwellings

Type of ESM: Global refurbishment Optimization Suggestion proposed: Ventilation system was installed that runs the entire year: running times of the ventilation system can be adapted to the users behavior, so as to temporarily switch off the ventilation system, for example in summer. Review of the control of the heating system as well as user behavior are reviewed and adjusted, the heating system can possibly shut down at night. Type of ESM: New construction in Passiv House Standard. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Hot water demand in relation to total heating demand is very high (50%). Check to what extent the circulation pump can be turned off, for example in the night time (heat losses are reduced significantly in the hot water pipes).

SElBERT, Darmstadt
44 dwellings


Type of ESM: Hydraulic balancing of the heating system Optimization Suggestion proposed: Regulation of the temperature settings and calibration of the heating curves (slop and level, from 0.8 point to 2) once a month.

RIESI, Orbassano
51 dwellings

Type of ESM: Installation of a new condensing boiler Optimization Suggestion proposed: Installation of an insulation cap for the heat exchanger who is not insulated (Social Housing Organization has a good feedback on this type of optimization on other buildings).
12 dwellings

Type of ESM: Insulation coat of 80mm. Single glazing substituted with high performance double glazing. Optimization Suggestion proposed: No technical intervention can be implemented on the ventilation system. Direct intervention toward the tenants in order to keep the ESM efficient and avoid condensation will be implemented. Identification of the most performing behavior, education toward tenants and monitoring of the implementation of best practices by the tenants.
PICCO, Turin
28 dwellings

H20 COllEGE, Herning
51 dwellings

Type of ESM: Tenant information. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Energy data shows an unacceptable huge difference between highest and lowest consumption among Tenants : information will provide some general guidelines for living in a passive house as well as more technical information about the equipment in the dwelling. Type of ESM: Global retrofitting to low-energy building Optimization Suggestion proposed: Separation between the heating recovering system and the underfloor heating system adding a control valve for the heating coil of the ventilation system in order to make its control independent (to save energy at the beginning and at the end of the heating season). Type of ESM: LEB: Triple glazing, composite profiles, wood construction: 450-500 mm insulation, double flow ventilation system. Optimization Suggestion proposed: Replacement of one comfort valve of the heat exchanger for the Domestic Hot Water. The comfort valve was soliciting permanently the heating system and consuming energy.

lYSTRUP, lystrup
25 dwellings

MARSlET, Marslet
66 dwellings


Type of ESM: Hydraulic balacing of the heating system. Optimization Suggestion proposed (to be confirmed): Special context: SPEKTER doesnt own the heating station and, as a consequence, limited actions are possible on the system. Tenants awareness on how to use thermostatic valves and ventilation with lower temperature of the system will be a preferred lever to optimize the ESM.
REVOlUCIJE, Trbovlje
52 dwellings

Type of ESM: External shell insulation. Optimization Suggestion proposed (to be confirmed): Thermography and potential elimination of small thermal bridges coupled with direct intervention toward tenants.

FAKIN, Trbovlje
13 dwellings

Type of ESM: Low Energy Building (LEB) components. 10cm EPS shell insulation, min. 10cm EPS roof/ceiling insulation and 8cm EPS basement floor insulation. Double glazed windows. No heat recovery or ventilation systems. Optimization Suggestion proposed (to be determined):
31 dwellings


ATC Torino - AFTER Italian Social Housing Organization - was established in 1907 by the Torino City Council to supply underprivileged citizens with low-cost housing and at the same time administering and managing their own real estate and that entrusted to them by other public bodies. ATC manages around 31.000 dwelling units and 10.000 owned by former tenant.

what is the role of ATC within the AFTER Project ?

As a social housing organization, ATC is in charge, in the frame of AFTER, of reporting energy saving measures and testing new optimized measures.

what kind of problems did you face during the ESM selection process?
The biggest challenge was undoubtedly the lack of a common methodology, as each building has its own management protocol, and even its own way to collect data, measure systems being different from one building to another. However, these problems highlighted the value of our SIGE management system, a good resource for the management of tenants and monitoring protocols. Maybe in the future it should be implemented and made able to manage technical and energy aspects too.

what kind of ESM is more widely applied in your country?

According to our experience in the field of energy saving measures applied to new and existing buildings, the most common ESMs consist in plant optimizations (e.g.: lighting, heating, cooling systems). ATC, based on its building stock and money supply, has: -installed smart metering systems, -improved heating systems by installing new boilers and substituting individual with central heating systems, -placed external insulation on buildings allowing this kind of intervention, -substituted windows. By the way, the most common and challenging issue to be faced in Italy concerns interventions on ancient buildings: our historical centres are protected by a very strict system of prohibitions and regulations, forcing technicians to choose between the limited range of ESMs unable to affect the integrity of the building and its exterior look.

In your ESM selection are economic, energy and social aspects balanced? If not please explain.
The economic and energy aspects played a prevailing role in our ESMs selection. This because the tenants are not owners of the flats they live in, and the interventions on buildings have to be paid by ATC, so we must try to guarantee the best result we can achieve using a limited money supply. However, AFTER project will allow us, in the next months, to give out a questionnaire aimed at inquiring into tenants satisfaction about our building management, so we will at least get a feedback on our actions.


Bl is the national Danish social housing association. It has 700 social housing companies as members with a total of more than 545.000 dwellings (almost 20 % of all dwellings in Denmark).

what is the role of Bl within the AFTER Project ?

BL is working on its members and residents interests by influencing the social housing sector development, both economically, technically and socially. In practice BL represents the social housing companies in relation to public authorities. It also has a strong influence on its members investment choices, particularly regarding energy savings. BL is engaged in climate politics, energy reduction and sustainability. At the national level BL is represented in a governmental committee working on a national strategy for energy reductions. In the context of AFTER project, BL is in charge to guarantee the reproducibility of the project outputs notably through dissemination activities. BL will also report and experiment innovative energy savings measures.

what kind of problems did you face during the ESM selection process?
Probably the most difficult part during the ESM selection process was the data collection. A lot of required information is about respectively maintenance, operation and management costs. These kind of data were not easy to find; they are rare and for many ESMs I ended up with only one figure representing the sum of all three types of costs. Furthermore, I was not able to find costs of the relatively cheap ESMs - simply because they were not computed or estimated at all. I guess the reason for missing data is that many SHOs dont see it as normal business. And thats a pity. Without such data it is hard to create the basis for energy savings. On the other hand: this is why we do the AFTER project.

what kind of ESM is more widely applied in your country?

I like to distinguish ESMs into two categories: ESMs with high or low investment. The high investment ESMs are typically Global retrofitting. This is because it is much more profitable than renovating only one component of a building. But I know that this is not necessarily the case in other countries. Widely applied low investment ESMs would be Tenant information and campaigns, light control, regulation of ventilation systems etc.

In your ESM selection are economic, energy and social aspects balanced? If not please explain.
I think some of the best ESMs are often characterized by a good balance between economic, energy and social aspects. In my selection I also found some well balanced ESMs. But whereas economic and energy aspects are relative easy to measure, the same is not the case for the soft aspects. So, in the real world it is not straight forward to evaluate whether if an ESM is balanced or not. Pilot Sites some optimization solutions in order to

Successful RCx in lystrup (DK)
The retro commissioning (RCx) process -cf. Newsletter #2 for better definition- led by Aarhus Kommune services identified some optimization solutions for the two Danish Pilot Sites. Feedback on one of the Pilot Buildings : lYSTRUP. These solutions will be tested and monitored during the implementation phase of AFTER.
The AFTER Pilot Site LYSTRUP in Denmark has been refurbished in 2011. The objective of the RCx process, was to identified some weak points in the energy consumption of the building in order to improve its post-refurbishment performance. In the system after refurbishment, underfloor heating and heat recovery ventilation systems were partially interdependent. If the heating recovering ventilation system was on, the underfloor heating would have to be on. In order to avoid draft coming from the ventilation system, tenants would have to turn on the heating system. In order to optimize this system, Aarhus Kommune staff proposed to separate the two systems adding a control valve for the heating coil of the ventilation system in order to make its control independent from the underfloor heating. As a consequence, especially at the beginning and at the end of the heating season (when temperatures are still intermediary) - tenants could use only the heat recovery of the ventilation system and the natural sun effect. Underfloor heating will be turn on later during the season in order to save energy.

AFTER Social Housing Organization: Aarhus Kommune Adress of the Pilot Site: Lystrup Centervej 30, 8250 Lystrup Total living space: 924 m2 - 14 dwellings Date of construction: 1984 Energy Saving Measure implemented: 2011: Total refurbishment. Everything was modernised, except for walls (Windows / Doors / Roof insulation / Heating system / Ventilation system / Electrical system / Photovoltic panels). New ventilation and photocoltic panels ware added. Energy consumption before renovation: Approximately 150kWh/M2 per. years. Energy consumption after renovation: Approximately 74kWh/M2 per. years. New heating system: Water based district heating: district heating supplied, directly injected, shunt and thermostat regulated underfloor heating. Divided into 5 zones with WAVIN Tigris AHC Wireless Floor Heating Control System. New ventilation system: Balanced mechanical ventilation with heat recovery, by-pass function and a heating coil. DANFOSS AIR w2 ventilations unit, with DANFOSS AIR DAIL wireless control panel.


AFTER project is based on a several steps approach. Before the summer and the beginning of the heating season, AFTER partners mainly focused on the validation of the scientific documents and the identification of relevant Pilot ESMs and Pilot Sites to implement optimization solutions.


Data collection


Pilot Sites




Pilot Measures

Evaluation Protocol

Optimization Solutions
Thanks to the RCx Process, Social Housing Organizations identified in their Pilot ESMs and Pilot Sites some optimization solutions in order to improve the existing efficiency of their buildings. These optimizations aim at adding performance to the savings planned with an ESM. Thanks to low-cost investment and small intevrentions, the optimization solutions will correct deficiencies linked with the original implementation of one ESM. If every building has its own problems, AFTER methodology will allow to identify real technical and operational improvements. This optimization identification process has been implemented thanks to the knowledge of the Social Housing Organizations regarding their housing stock and their planned works. WP leaders 3 to 7 provided a scientific sustain to the SHOs proposals suggesting some other solution after assessing the RCx Investigation Plans completed by our SHOs.

Implementing AFTER Optimization Solutions

The Optimization Solutions will be implemented by the participating SHOs for -at least one complete heating season. The implementation process will be organized according to the SHOs routines and work plans in order to fit with the activities of the companies. A 20 000 EUR budget per country will be associated to the optimization solutions implementation in order to strengthen metering equipment and to collect more data for the assessment of our testing results. A Common Evaluation Protocol has been developped by the scientific partners in order to follow the implementation of the optimization solutions. This Common Evaluation Protocol both develop a complete process to assess/adjust data related to our topics and an Excel file customizing the common methodology to the characteristics of every Pilot ESM tested.


AFTER ouputs have been presented and discussed thanks to several interventions directed toward a professional public. Overview of our last dissemination activities.



website update
Summer 2012 AFTER website has been updated during the summer 2012 with the last outputs produced by the partners. All the project deliverables benefit from a public access on line and can be both read and downloaded thanks to a Scribd plug-in.

Torino, Italia 11th and 12th of October 2012 Number of participants: 25 Type of participants: National Housing Associations, representatives, urbanists Urbanpromo 2012 Social Housing aims to help build a vision system for Social Housing, as a starting point for the formulation of useful proposals for an organic development of the field. This event is made up of several sessions for debate and an exibition of projects. ATC exposed during the URBANPROMO Congress the main stakes of the AFTER Project and detailled the state of the art of the project focusing particularly on the measures identified for the Italian Social Housing context.

French National Advisory Board

Paris, France 10th of July 2012 Number of participants: 16 Type of participants: representatives from federation of industry for building sector, from federation of workers in building sector, from research institutes and from tenants unions

Danish National Advisory Board

Aarhus, Denmark 23rd ofAugust 2012 Number of participants: 9 Type of participants: SHOs, Technical experts, Interest Group. Presentation of AFTER and status of the project; presentation of Pilot sites and pilot ESMs; discussion, suggestions and improvements.

Coming events

Interim Report - 5th of November 2012 Turin, Italy 22nd.23rd of November 2012

BECA project - Balanced European Conservation Approach. (supported by the ICT Policy Support Programme)
The BECA project (Balanced European Conservation Approach ICT services for resource saving in social housing) addresses the need to reduce energy consumption in European social housing by a very significant amount to meet overall emission reduction targets. To substantially reduce peak and overall demand for energy and water across EU social housing, BECA will develop a full set of innovative services for resource use awareness and resource management. Social housing organisations in 7 European countries (Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Serbia) and their partners are cooperating in the project to provide ICT-based energy management and energy awareness services directly to social housing tenants and service operators. Services will be piloted by approx. 5,000 social housing tenants across 7 sites in 7 European countries. Sustained reductions in resource use are to be achieved through usable ICT-based services directly to tenants, as well as by effective monitoring and control of local power generation and, for district heating, the full heat delivery chain. Several AFTER partners are lso participating in BECA which allow a good feedback and exchange of experiences and methodologies between the two projects.


AFTER France workshop #1 - Optimizing contracts

Paris, France. 18th October 2012 Number of participants: 7 Type of participants: DELPHIS Social Housing Organizations, Maintenance services. AFTER France has been implemented by DELPHIS in order to translate AFTER objectives in a national French context. Workshops including a small number of Social Housing Organizations, members of the DELPHIS network, will be organized in order to highlight the best practices implemented by the companies. Factsheets and standard measures will be disseminated thanks to this project. A selection process has been implemented to help the 24 DELPHIS SHOs to identify their ESMs tested in their housing stock during the last 5 years.



* Started on May 2011 for a duration of 3 years. * 2,7M budget granted for 75 % by the European Commission. * 18 partners and 6 Social national housing organisations managing 103 000 housing units. * 200 professionals participating in 3 National workshops and final seminars * 3 pre-tested standard energy saving measures per country targeting an immediate energy reduction of 3 to 7,5%. * 3 pilot sites per country to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of well-developed energy saving measures. * Promoting low-cost innovations: under 500 EUR/housing unit.


PROJECT MANAGEMENT Julien Bonnet c/o DELPHIS 33, rue Saint-Augustin PARIS, France www. Tel. : + 33 (0)1 56 08 54 2375002 Fax : + 33 (0)1 56 08 01 09