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Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Spreadsheet

Project Item No. Light Base Oil Feed Exchanger E-101 Service Light Base Oil Feed Exchanger Project No. STBE for Establishment By

Step 1. Input flows, conditions and properties data for shellside and tubeside. Tube Used Lube Oil 14,925.1 68 163.4 54.765 92.989 0.605 861,007 0.095 0.004 1426.38 Uncorrected MTD Corrected MTD Side Fluid Name Flow (M), lb/h o Temp. in, F o Temp. out, F 3 r, lb/ft m, cP cp, Btu/lboF Q, Btu/h k, Btu/hftoF R, ft2hoF/Btu cpm/k 143.6 108.3
o o

Step 4. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total transfer coefficients to this point (i.e., not including shellside Shell Light Base Oil 4,854.5 392 150.8 51.3158 8.767 0.613 717,769 0.1098 0.004 118.44 F F Step 5. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes =

Av. Density Av. Viscosity Av. Heat Capacity Heat Exchanged Av. Thermal Conductivity Fouling Resistance Prandtl No.

Step 2. Input tubing OD, BWG and length (can be trial and error).

Tube OD BWG Tube ID, d = Tube Length, L = Flow area per tube, at = Effective transfer area per tube =

0.7500 16 0.620 8 0.302 1.571

in. in. ft. in.2 2 ft

Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) =

Step 3. Estimate the number of tubes per tube pass.

Tubes/pass = lb/h per tube = Av. velocity, fps = Tubeside Reynolds No., NRe = Tubeside Friction Factor, f = DP per pass, psi = Nusselt number, Nr = Inside Film Coefficient, hi =

129 116 0.28 13 0.219 0.02 9.09 168

Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. =

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, number of pa required.

baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tub

ger Design Spreadsheet


STBE for Establishment SETH Date/Time
7-Nov-12 12:07

Step 4. Start configuring the exchanger. Begin with the total calculated transfer coefficients to this point (i.e., not including shellside h): Ustart = 72 On that basis, assumed Uo = Then the required transfer A = Number of tubes required = Reset tubes/pass (Step 3), then no. of passes = Total tube count = Tubeside DP (incl. returns) = Actual effective transfer area, A = 20 398 253 2 258 0.036 405

BWG/Tube Wall Thicknesses 8 0.165 9 0.148 0.017 10 0.134 0.014 11 12 13 14 15 16 0.120 0.109 0.095 0.083 0.072 0.065 0.014 0.011 0.014 0.012 0.011 0.007
2 o

Btu/hft2oF Btu/hft F ft2

psi ft2

MTD Correction Factors R = ( T1 - T2 ) / ( t2 - t1 ) = 2.528 0.294 2.719 2.761 1.762 0.161 0.754

Step 5. Select tube arrangement and estimate shell diameter

Tube Pitch Pattern

1 Sqr 21 5 18 0.182 0.9476 26,631 240 0.00421 0.027 8.1 55 31.2 35.9% 41.6

in. S = ( t2 - t1 ) / ( T1 - t1 ) = in. in. ft2 in. lb/hft2 18.20 ( 1 - S ) / ( 1 - RS ) = 2-S(R+1-(R +1)


2

Shell ID from Tube Count Tables Select Baffle Spacing Number of Baffles = Flow Area across Bundle, as = Equivalent Diameter, de (see table) = Mass Velocity, Gs = Shellside Reynolds No., NRe = Shellside Friction Factor = Shellside DP = Outside Transfer Factor, jh = Outside Film Coefficient, ho = Calculated Uo = Check: % difference, Ucalc. vs Uassum. = Uclean =

( R2 + 1 ) =

)=

2 - S ( R + 1 + ( R2 + 1 ) ) = psi FT =

Step 6. Check tubeside velocity and DP, shellside DP. If too high or too low, adjust tube length, number of tubes per pass, number of passes, and/or shell baffle spacing. Remember to reset shell diameter from tube count tables, as required.