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BIOLOGI
Kertas 3
Oktober
2011
1 jam

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR TAHUN


TINGKATAN 4 2011
BIOLOGI
KERTAS 3
1 jam
Satu jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Tulis nama dan nombor kad pengenalan anda

2.

Kertas ini adalah dalam dwi bahasa

3.

Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului

soalan sepadan dalam Bahasa Melayu


4.

Soalan
1
2

Jawab SEMUA soalan.

Markah
Penuh
33
Respons
17
Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 12 halaman bercetak

Markah
Diperoleh

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Answer all questions/ Jawab semua soalan

1. A group of students carried out an experiment to study the anaerobic respiration in yeast.
Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of the experiment.
Sekumpulan pelajar menjalankan eksperiment untuk mengetahui respirasi anaerobik dalam yis .
Rajah1.1menunjukkan susunan satu set eksperiment.
Delivery tube

Delivery tube
Thermometers

Stoppers
Boiling
tubes

Test tube
A

Test tube
B

Paraffin
oil

Lime
water

Lime
water

Set A

Set B

5 cm3 yeast suspension


+ 5 cm3 boiled glucose
solution

5 cm3 distilled water +


5 cm3 boiled glucose
solution

Diagram 1.1/Rajah1.1
Diagram 1.2 shows the observations made on the lime water. The thermometer readings and
the observations on the lime water were taken at 0 minute and 30 minutes.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan pemerhatian terhadap air kapur. Bacaan temometer dan pemerhatian ke
atas air kapur diambil pada masa 0 minit dan 30 minit.

Lime
water
(clear)

Diagram 1.2/Rajah 1.2


4

Lime
water
(chalky)

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Table 1.1 shows the result of the experiment at 0 minute and 30 minutes.
Jadual 1.1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperiment pada masa 0 minit dan 30 minit.

Time: 0 minute
Set A

40

Set B

40

30

30

20

20

Thermometer reading

Thermometer reading

..

Time: 30 minutes
Set A

40

Set B

40

30

30

20

20

Thermometer reading

Thermometer reading

Table 1.1/Jadual 1.1

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For examiners
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(a) State the thermometer readings in the spaces provided in Table 1.1.

[3 marks]

1 (a)

Nyatakan bacaan termometer pada ruangan yang disediakan pada jadual 1.1

(b) (i) Based on Table 1.1, state two observations that can be made on Set A in the
experiment.
[3 marks]
Berdasarkan jadual 1.1, nyatakan dua pemerhatian yang boleh dibuat pada set A
dalam eksperimen.

Observation 1 on Set A:
Pemerhatian 1 dalam set A

.......

Observation 2 on Set A:
Pemerhatian 2 dalam set A.

........

1 (b) (i)

....

(ii) State the inference for each observation made in (b) (i).

[3 marks]

Nyatakan satu inferen pada setiap pemerhatian yang dibuat di (b)(i)

Inference for observation 1 on Set A:


Inferen untuk pemerhatian 1 set A.

......
..
..
Inference for observation 2 on Set A:
Inferen untuk pemerhatian 2 set A
1 (b) (i)

... .........
.
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(c) Complete Table 1.2 to show the variables involved in the experiment and how the
variables are operated.
[3 marks]
Lengkapkan jadual 1.2 untuk menunjukkan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen
ini dan bagaimana pembolehubah ini dikawal.

Variables

Operating the variables

Manipulated variable:

How to handle the manipulated variable:

....

...

..

Responding variable:

How to determine the responding variable:

....

...

..

Controlled variable:

How to maintain the controlled variable:

....

...

...

For
examiners
use

1 (c)

Table 1.2/jadual 1.2

(d) State the hypothesis for this experiment.


Nyatakan hipotesis eksperimen ini.

[3 marks]

1 (d)

1 (d)
(c)

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(e) (i) Construct a table and record all the data collected in this experiment.
Bina satu jadual dan rekodkan semua data yang dikumpul dalam eksperimen ini.
Your table should have the following titles.
Jadual anda hendaklah mengandungi tajuk-tajuk berikut

For
examiners
use

[3 marks]

Solution in the boiling tube


Temperature
Changes of lime water

1 (e) (i)

(ii) Explain the relationship between the boiled glucose solution and paraffin oil
used in the experiment of the anaerobic respiration process in yeast.
Terangkan hubungan antara larutan glukos yang dididihkan dengan minyak paraffin
yang digunakan dalam eksperimen respirasi anaerobic dalam yis.

.......

1 (e) (ii)

[3 marks]
(f) Following are some of the apparatus and materials used in the experiment.
Berikut adalah radas dan bahan yang digunakan dalam eksperimen.
Yeast suspension, boiled glucose solution, distilled water, thermometers,
lime water, and paraffin oil

Categorise the apparatus and materials according to their roles in operating the
variables in the experiment.

1 (f)

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For
examiners
use

[3 marks]
Kategorikan radas dan bahan mengikut penggunaan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini.
Manipulated
variables

Responding
variables

Constant
Variables

(g) Based on the experiment, define operationally anaerobic respiration.


Berdasarkan eksperimen, berikan definasi secara operasi tentang respirasi anaerobic.

1 (g)

[3 marks]
(h) The experiment is repeated by using Set C containing 10 cm3 of yeast suspension
and 10 cm3 of boiled glucose solution.
Eksperimen ini diulang dengan menggunakan Set C yang mengandungi 10 cm3 ampaian
yis dan10 cm3 larutan glukosa yang dididihkan.

(i) Predict the readings on the thermometer used in the experiment.


Explain your answer.
Ramalkan bacaan pada thermometer dalam eksperimen ini.
Terangkan jawapan anda.

........

....

[3 marks]
9

1 (h) (i)

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(ii) Explain the time taken for the lime water to change.
Terangkan masa yang diambil untuk perubahan air kapur.

....

1 (h) (ii)

....

[3 marks]

2.
Aquatic plants carry out photosynthesis to obtain food. In the process, oxygen
bubbles are released to the aquatic environment.
The rate of photosynthesis is affected by several environmental factors such as
temperature, light intensity and concentration of carbon dioxide.
Tumbuhan akuatik melakukan fotosintesis untukmendapatkan makanan. Semasa proses tersebut,
gelembung oksigen dibebaskan kepersekitaran akuatik.
Kadar fotosintesis dipengaruhi oleh beberapa factor persekitaran seperti suhu, keamatan
cahaya, dan kepekatan karbon dioksida.

Design an experiment to study the effect of carbon dioxide concentration on the


rate of photosynthesis.
Rancangkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan kepekatan karbon dioksida keatas kadar
fotosintesis.

(17 marks)
The planning of your experiment must include the following aspects:
Perancangan eksperimen kamu hendaklah termasuk aspek-aspek berikut:

Problem statement / Pernyataan masalah


Hypothesis / hipotesis
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Variables / pembolehubah
List of apparatus and materials / Senarai radas dan bahan
Experimental procedure / Kaedah eksperimen
Presentation of data / penyampaian data

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