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EXERCISE # 3
ELEMENTAL CARBON :
Q.1 Q.2 Q.3 Q.4

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Why 'C' shows highest properties of catenation ? Which allotrope of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Why graphite is good conductor of electricity ? Which is thermodynamically most stable ? Graphite, Diamond or fullerene. Which element occurs in both very hard and very soft form ? Which allotrope of carbon is insoluble in solvent ? How fullerene was originally prepared ? Can fullerene be prepared by evaporation of graphite by electric arc ? How many 'C' atoms are there normally in fullerene ? What is the colour of C60 in toluene ? What is the colour of C70 in Toluene ? What is the shape of C60 ?

Q.5 Q.6 Q.7 Q.8

Q.9 Q.10 Q.11 Q.12

SILICON, TIN LEAD :


Q.13 Q.14 Q.15 Q.16 Q.17 Q.18 Q.19 Q.20 Q.21 Q.22 In which form does silicon show its allotropy ? What is the purest form of silicon ? Which allotrope of Si is isomorphous with carbon ? What are corundum and carborundum ? How many allotropes of Sn exist ? What are three crystalline modifications of tin ? How various allotropes of tin are related to temperature ? What is tin disease, tin pest or tin plague ? What is tin cry ? How tin is purified ?

GROUP IV OXIDES :
Q.23 Q.24 Q.25 Q.26 Q.27 Q.28 Which of two has a dipole moment CO & CO2 ? What are the oxides of carbon ? Which acid anhydride is CO2 ? Which acid anhydride is CO ? Which acid anhydride is carbon sesquioxide C3O2 ? Which oxide of IV group is not solid ?

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Q.29 Q.30 Q.31 Q.32 Q.33 Q.34 Q.35

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Which monoxide of IV group does not exist at toom temperature ? Which monoxide of IV group is neutral ? What is the nature of IV group monoxides ? Which IV group oxides are network solids ? Why CO2 is molecule but SiO2 is 3D network solid ? What are the nature of CO2, SiO2, GeO2, SnO2, PbO2 ? Which dioxide of nonmetal C, S, N or Cl does not act as reducing agent? What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? Why CO2 is a gas while SiO2 is a solid ? Which oxide of tin (SnO, SnO2) is/are amphoteric ? Why heating of SnC2O4 does yield SnO instead of SnO2 ? What happens when SnO2 is reacted with (i) H2SO4 (ii) NaOH What are various oxides of Pb ? Which lead oxide is less stable ? Which oxide of Sn act as a good reducing agent ? What is the nature of bond in CO2 ? Which of the 2 oxides of lead (PbO, PbO2) is more basic ? Write the preparation of carbon mono-oxide ? What happens when bicarbonates are reacted with mineral acids like dil. HCl ? What happens when metal carbonates are with mineral acids like dil. HCl ? Arrange following in order of stability ? H2CO3, NaHCO3 and Na2CO3 Arrange following in order of stability ? NaHCO3, KHCO3 and CsHCO3 Arrange following in order of stability H2CO3, Na2CO3, Cs2CO3 Why ZnCO3 and MgCO3 on heating decompose into CO2 but not Na2CO3. Write the properties of carbon monoxide : What happens when CO is reacted with following : (i) Oxygen (ii) Sulphur (iii) Chlorine (iv) Fe2O3 (v) FeO (vi) I2O5 (vii) Nickel

Q.36 Q.37 Q.38 Q.39 Q.40 Q.41 Q.42 Q.43 Q.44 Q.45 Q.46 Q.47

Q.48

Q.49

Q.50

Q.51

Q.52 Q.53 Q.54

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Q.55 Q.56 Q.57 Q.58 Q.59 Q.60

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Suggest a chemical test to identify carbondioxide gas. What is the formula of lime stonae, slacked lime, quick lime ? What is the colour of lime water ? What happens when CO2 is passed into water. What happens to solubility when partial pressure of CO2 is increased? When CO2 is passed in water what are the species observed in solution resulted ? What are the different sources of H+ ions in carbonic acid solution ? CO2 is a gas, while SiO2 is a solid, although both carbon and silicon belong to same group. What is drinkold ? Why CO2 cannot be used to entinguish fire caused by magnesium. If it possible to get H2CO3 in solid state. What happens when CaC2 (Calcium carbide) is reacted with water ? Which is thermodynamically more stable (COOH)2 or (SiOOH)2 ? Which form of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Which form of carbon is harder diamond / graphite ? If diamond is thermodynamically less stable than graphite. Why cannot graphite be artificially converted into diamond ? Show formation of urea when ammonia is reacted with CO2 at high pressure ? What type of oxides are formed by fourth group elements ? What is the Pb2O3 ? Which oxidation state for fourth group oxide results into more stable form on moving top to bottom ? Which dioxide of group IV is in gaseous state ? Write the similarities and differences between CO & CO2 ? Write the reaction of CO2 with NaOH Write the lime water test of CO2 ? What happens when CO is added to water ? What happens when CO passed in NaOH at high pressure ? What happens if SiO2 is added to water ? SiO2 reacts with CaO then what is product, where this reaction is mainly applied. What is the Basic of reaction.

Note

Q.61 Q.62

Q.63 Q.64 Q.65 Q.66 Q.67 Q.68 Q.69 Q.70

Q.71

Q.72 Q.73 Q.74

Q.75 Q.76 Q.77 Q.78 Q.79 Q.80 Q.81 Q.82

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GROUP IV HALIDES :
Q.83 Q.84 Q.85 Q.86 Q.87 Q.88 Q.89 Q.90 Q.91 Q.92 Q.93 Q.94 Q.95 Q.96 Q.97 Q.98 Q.99 Q.100 What happens when SnCl2.2H2O crystals are heated ? Which of the two SnCl2 or SnCl4 is a liq. at room temperature ? What is butter of Sn ? What is its major use. What are the addition compounds of SnCl2 & NH3 ? What is the double salt of SnCl4 with NH3 ? How calomel is produced by SnCl2 ? Which tin compound is used in tooth paste to help tooth decay ? Which property of tin makes it useful for tinning of utensils ? What happens when AuCl3 is treated with SnCl2 ? How PURPLE OF CASIUS is formed ? What happens when butter of tin is hydrolysed with excess of water? What happens when tin metal is reacted with conc. HNO3 ? Which tin halide out of SnCl4, SnBr4, SnI4 is coloured ? How Tin (II) fluoride is obtained ? Why Pb715 has higher I.E. than Sn707 ? Why do PbCl4 acts as strong oxidising agent ? SiF62 exist but not CF62 explain why ? Why PbCl2 is ionic where is PbCl4 is covalent.

SILICONS :
Q.101 Q.102 What are silicones and what are its different units. Why two hydroxy groups on silicon atom is stable although 2-OH groups are unstable on C atom ? What is the general formula of organosilicone ? What are the group you can use in place of methyl group to produce silicone. How the name silicone is derived for the polymer R2SiO ? What happens when SiCl4 is reacted with following (A) 1 mole of CH3MgCl (B) 2 mole of CH3MgCl (C) 3 mole of CH3MgCl (D) 4 mol of CH3MgCl What happens when SiCl4 subjected to strong heating ? What happens when dialkyldichloro silanes or diaryl dichlorosilanes are subjected to hydrolysis & then heated strongly ? What are silanes and germanes ? What are their general formula.

Q.103 Q.104

Q.105 Q.106

Q.107 Q.108

Q.109

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Q.110 Q.111

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How silanes are different than alkanes ? What happens when mixture of silane and H2 is bubbled through water ? What is silica Garden ? Why trimethyl amine is pyramidal but trisilyl amine is planar ? Which of two is more basic N(CH3)3 or N(SiH3)3 ?

Note

Q.112 Q.113 Q.114

SILICATES :
Q.115 Q.116 What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? What happens when SiO2 is reacted (heated) with alkalis and alkali metal carbonates ? KNO3 on heating produce KNO2 and O2 but what happens when KNO3 is heated with SiO2 ? What happens when SiO2 is reacted with following ? (a) KOH (b) CaCO3 (c) KNO3 (d) HF (e) Coke What happens when Si is fused with NaOH in air ? What is the definition of glass ? What type of glass is K2O.PbO.4SiO2 ? What is the formula of soda glass ? What is the formula of water glass What is Crookes glass ? What is its speciality ? Which metal compound is present in it ? What is Na2SiO3. CaSiO3.4SiO2 ? What do you call K2O.CaO.4SiO2 ? Which type of anions are present in pyrex glass ? How borosilicate glass are obtained ? Which type of glass has lane thermal expansion ? Which type of glass are prisms and lenses are made up of ? Name an acid which dissolves silica ? Why HF acid is stored in plastic bottles and not glass bottles ? Which compound is formed when glass reacts with HF ? Which acid is used for etching glass ? What pseudo solids ? What hapend when SiCl4 is subjected to strong heating ? What is the formula of orthosilicate anion ? Why is it important.

Q.117

Q.118

Q.119 Q.120 Q.121 Q.122 Q.123 Q.124

Q.125 Q.126 Q.127 Q.128 Q.129 Q.130 Q.131 Q.132 Q.133 Q.134 Q.135 Q.136 Q.137

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ELEMENTAL CARBON :
Q.1 Ans. Why 'C' shows highest properties of catenation ? The strength of CC bond is very high.

Q.2 Ans.

Which allotrope of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Graphite

Q.3 Ans.

Why graphite is good conductor of electricity ? Free electrons present in 2p orbitals of graphite

Q.4 Ans.

Which is thermodynamically most stable ? Graphite, Diamond or fullerene. Graphite

Q.5 Ans.

Which element occurs in both very hard and very soft form ? C

Q.6 Ans.

Which allotrope of carbon is insoluble in solvent ? Diamond

Q.7 Ans.

How fullerene was originally prepared ? Fullerenes are produced by evoparation of graphite by lesser.

Q.8 Ans.

Can fullerene be prepared by evaporation of graphite by electric arc ? Yes

Q.9 Ans.

How many 'C' atoms are there normally in fullerene ? 60

Q.10 Ans.

What is the colour of C60 in toluene ? Purple colour

Q.11 Ans.

What is the colour of C70 in Toluene ? Red orange colour

Q.12 Ans.

What is the shape of C60 ? Socker's ball

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SILICON, TIN LEAD :
Q.13 Ans.

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In which form does silicon show its allotropy ? -Quartz -Quartz Tridymite
840 1600C

cristobalite

Q.14 Ans. Q.15 Ans.

What is the purest form of silicon ? -Quartz Which allotrope of Si is isomorphous with carbon ? SiO2 What are corundum and carborundum ? Corundum (Al2O3) and Carborundum (SiC) How many allotropes of Sn exist ? Three What are three crystalline modifications of tin ? -Sn
15C 160C

Q.16 Ans.

Q.17 Ans. Q.18 Ans. Q.19 Ans.

-Sn

Rhombic Sn

How various allotropes of tin are related to temperature ? -Sn


15C

-Sn

160C

Rhombic Sn

Q.20 Ans.

What is tin disease, tin pest or tin plague ? The conversion of white tin (-Sn) is accompainied by an increase in volume and the letter, being very brittle, easily crumbles down to powder, this phenomenon is known as tin disease. What is tin cry ? When bent the metal produces a cracking sound due to rubbing of crystals over one another is known as tin cry. How tin is purified ? Tin is purifyed by electrolytic method

Q.21 Ans.

Q.22 Ans.

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GROUP IV OXIDES :
Q.23 Ans. Q.24 Ans. Q.25 Ans. Q.26 Ans. Q.27 Ans. Q.28 Ans. Q.29 Ans. Q.30 Ans. Q.31 Ans. Q.32 Ans. Q.33 Ans. Q.34 Ans. Which of two has a dipole moment CO & CO2 ? CO What are the oxides of carbon ? CO, CO2, C3O2 Which acid anhydride is CO2 ? H2CO 3 Which acid anhydride is CO ? HCOOH Which acid anhydride is carbon sesquioxide C3O2 ? Malonic acid Which oxide of IV group is not solid ? CO2 Which monoxide of IV group does not exist at toom temperature ? SnO Which monoxide of IV group is neutral ? CO What is the nature of IV group monoxides ? CO neutral, others acidic Which IV group oxides are network solids ? SiO2 Why CO2 is molecule but SiO2 is 3D network solid ? SiO2 does not have tendency of p-p overlapping. What are the nature of CO2, SiO2, GeO2, SnO2, PbO2 ? CO2, SiO2 Acidic; GeO2, SnO2 Amphoteric; PbO2 Basic Q.35 Ans. Q.36 Ans. Q.37 Ans. Q.38 Ans.

Which dioxide of nonmetal C, S, N or Cl does not act as reducing agent? CO2 What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? sp 3 Why CO2 is a gas while SiO2 is a solid ? SiO2 form Which oxide of tin (SnO, SnO2) is/are amphoteric ? Both SnO and SnO2

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Q.39 Ans. SnC2O4 SnO + CO + CO2

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Why heating of SnC2O4 does yield SnO instead of SnO2 ? Oxidation of SnO to SnO2 is checked by CO

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Q.40 Ans.

What happens when SnO2 is reacted with (i) H2SO4 (ii) NaOH
NaOH SnO2 Na2SnO3 H2SO4 SnO2 H3SnO3 stannic acid

Q.41 Ans. Q.42 Ans. Q.43 Ans. Q.44 Ans.

What are various oxides of Pb ? PbO, PbO2, Pb2O3, Pb3O 4 Which lead oxide is less stable ? PbO 2 Which oxide of Sn act as a good reducing agent ? SnO is a good reducing agent between it get oxidised to form SnO2. What is the nature of bond in CO2 ?

In CO2 p - p bond is formed as p-orbitals of C & O are of same size thus 2p2p overlapping is formed ? Which of the 2 oxides of lead (PbO, PbO2) is more basic ? PbO Write the preparation of carbon mono-oxide ? (i) From coke
High. temp. Coke + Air CO + N2

Q.45 Ans. Q.46 Ans.

(ii) From steam (iii) From HCN/KCN C + H2O CO + H2

H 2 SO 4 HCN CO + H2O + NH3 H

(iv) From K4[Fe(CN)6]

2K+CN + H2SO4 K2SO4 + 2HCN + CO + H2O

K4[Fe(CN)6] + 3H2SO4 2K2SO4 + FeSO4 + 6HCN O HCN + H2SO4 CO + NH4SO4 H


Q.47 Ans. What happens when bicarbonates are reacted with mineral acids like dil. HCl ? MHCO3 + HCl MCl + H2O + CO2 Metal bicarbonate dissociates to give corresponding salt, water and carbon dioxide is released. Q.48 Ans. What happens when metal carbonates are with mineral acids like dil. HCl ? On reaction of metal carbonates with dil. HCl it give salt and carbonic acid which further break to give CO2 and H2O. H2CO3 H2O + CO2 MCO3 + 2HCl 2MCl + H2CO3

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Q.49 Ans. Q.50 Ans. Q.51 Ans. Q.52 Ans. Q.53 Ans.

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Arrange following in order of stability ? H2CO3, NaHCO3 and Na2CO3 H2CO3 < NaHCO3 < Na2CO3 Arrange following in order of stability ? NaHCO3, KHCO3 and CsHCO3 NaHCO3 < KHCO3 < CsHCO3 Arrange following in order of stability H2CO3, Na2CO3, Cs2CO3 H2CO3 < Na2CO3 < Cs2CO3 Which of the following on heating produces CO2 : (a) ZnCO3 ZnCO 3, MgCO 3 Write the properties of carbon monoxide : (i) It is highly toxic gas. (iii) It is metal carbonyl (ligand) (iv) C O and N N are isoelectronic (v) CO and NO are both stable. (ii) CO can be combust in CO2 (b) MgCO3 (c) Na2CO3

Q.54

What happens when CO is reacted with following : (i) Oxygen (iv) Fe2O3 (vii) Nickel (ii) Sulphur (v) FeO (iii) Chlorine (vi) I2O5

Ans.

Reaction with non-metal : CO + S COS CO + O2 CO2 CO + Cl2 COCl2 Reaction with metal oxide (reducing agent) : 3CO + Fe 2O3 3CO2 + 2Fe CO + FeO CO2 + Fe 5CO + I2O5 5CO2 + I2

Q.55 Ans.

Suggest a chemical test to identify carbondioxide gas. We use lime water test to identify carbon dioxide. In this test CO2 gas is passed into lime water which results into formation of milky turbidity. On further passage of gas this turbidity disapears. Turbidity is due to calcium carbonate and it dissapears due to formation of bicarbonates. What is the formula of lime stonae, slacked lime, quick lime ? (Solid) CaCO3 : limestone (marble) (ppt) Ca(OH)2 : slacked lime (Solid) CaO : Quick lime

Q.56 Ans.

Q.57 Ans. Q.58 Ans.

What is the colour of lime water ? It is colourless. What happens when CO2 is passed into water. CO2 dissolves and form carbonic acid.

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Q.59 Ans.

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What happens to solubility when partial pressure of CO2 is increased? By Henry's law the mass of dissolved carbondioxide decreases on increasing partial pressure of CO2. When CO2 is passed in water what are the species observed in solution resulted ? Molecular CO2, H2CO3, HCO3, CO32, OH, H+, H2O What are the different sources of H+ ions in carbonic acid solution ? Ka1 of H2CO3, Ka2 of H2CO3 & Kw of H2O CO2 is a gas, while SiO2 is a solid, although both carbon and silicon belong to same group. SiO2 is a three dimensional network solid whereas CO2 exist as descrete molecule in gaseous phase because the p-p bonding of CO bond is stronger than the p-p bonding of SiO bond. This silicon prefers to form bond instead bond. What is drikold ? Solid carbondioxide is sold in the name of drikold. Why CO2 cannot be used to entinguish fire caused by magnesium. Fire accidents caused by magnesium cannot be causted by CO2 because magnesium and its compounds react further to produce magnesium carbonate. CxHy + O2 xCO2 + H2O 2Mg + O2 2MgO MgO + CO2 MgCO3

Note

Q.60 Ans. Q.61 Ans. Q.62 Ans.

Q.63 Ans. Q.64 Ans.

Q.65 Ans.

If it possible to get H2CO3 in solid state. No, CO2 exist in aqueous solution as H2CO3. Thus H2CO3 exist in aqueous form only. What happens when CaC2 (Calcium carbide) is reacted with water ? CaCl2 + H2O HC CH + Ca(OH)2 Which is thermodynamically more stable (COOH)2 or (SiOOH)2 ? (COOH)2 Which form of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Graphite Which form of carbon is harder diamond / graphite ? Diamond. If diamond is thermodynamically less stable than graphite. Why cannot graphite be artificially converted into diamond ? Due to high value of activation energy. Through diamond is at higher energy level than graphite at thermodynamically scale but graphite cannot be converted easily into diamond because it high activation energy of the process.

Q.66 Ans. Q.67 Ans. Q.68 Ans. Q.69 Ans. Q.70 Ans.

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Q.71

Show formation of urea when ammonia is reacted with CO2 at high pressure ?

Ans.

Zwitter ion

Q.72 Ans.

What type of oxides are formed by fourth group elements ? Fourth group elements forms two types of oxide having general formula of MO and MO2. What is the Pb2O3 ? Pb2O3 is a mixed oxide. Pb2O3 PbO.PbO2 Fe3O4 FeO.Fe 2O3

Q.73 Ans.

Q.74 Ans.

Which oxidation state for fourth group oxide results into more stable form on moving top to bottom ? For top elements it is the higher oxidation state and for lower element it is the lower oxidation state. Which dioxide of group IV is in gaseous state ? Except CO2 all oxides are polymeric giant molecule. Write the similarities and differences between CO & CO2 ? Differences between CO & CO2 CO 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. CO >0 Neutral Insoluble in water Highly toxic, 50% is required for explosion. Anhydride of HCOOH CO is isoelectronic to N2(14) CO is ligand Anhydride of H2CO3 8 + 8 + 6 = 22 CO2 is not a ligand. CO2 O=C=O =0 Acidic Spangly soluble in amphoteric high P good solute Not toxic

Q.75 Ans. Q.76 Ans.

Similarities : 1. 2. 3. 4.
E D U C A T I O N S

Both are oxides of 'C' Both are gases. Both have sp hybridised 'C' Both have polar C O bond

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Q.77 Ans. CO2 + NaOH NaHCO3

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Write the reaction of CO2 with NaOH NaHCO3 + NaOH Na2CO3 + H2O Write the lime water test of CO2 ? Reaction of CO2 with Ca(OH)2 Lime water : Ca(OH)2 Ca2 + 2OH

Q.78 Ans.

Q.79 Ans. Q.80 Ans. Q.81 Ans. Q.82 Ans.

What happens when CO is added to water ? No reaction. What happens when CO passed in NaOH at high pressure ? It turus into sodium formate. What happens if SiO2 is added to water ? No reaction. SiO2 reacts with CaO then what is product, where this reaction is mainly applied. What is the Basic of reaction. CaSiO3 is formed that is called slag. The reaction is mainly used in glass furnance for extraction of iron. Basis of reaction is acidic oxide reacts to basic oxides. Fe2O3.SiO2 (Hematite) Fe2O3 + 3CO 2Fe + 3CO2.

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GROUP IV (HALIDES) :
Q.83 Ans. What happens when SnCl2.2H2O crystals are heated ? SnCl2.2H2O

Sn(OH)Cl

Q.84 Ans.

Which of the two SnCl2 or SnCl4 is a liq. at room temperature ? SnCl4 What is butter of Sn ? What is its major use. SnCl4.5H2O What are the addition compounds of SnCl2 & NH3 ? SnCl2.2NH3 What is the double salt of SnCl4 with NH3 ? SnCl4.4NH3 How calomel is produced by SnCl2 ? HgCl2 + SnCl2 Calamel Which tin compound is used in tooth paste to help tooth decay ? SnF2 Which property of tin makes it useful for tinning of utensils ? Does not reacts with organic acids.

Q.85 Ans.

Q.86 Ans.

Q.87 Ans.

Q.88 Ans.

Q.89 Ans.

Q.90 Ans.

Q.91 Ans.

What happens when AuCl3 is treated with SnCl2 ? 3SnCl2 + 2AuCl3 3SnCl4 + 2Au How PURPLE OF CASIUS is formed ?
2 3SnCl2+ 2AuCl3 2Au++ 3SnCl4 Sn(OH)4

Q.92 Ans.

HO

Q.93 Ans.

What happens when butter of tin is hydrolysed with excess of water ?


2 SnCl4.5H2O Sn(OH)Cl

HO

Butter of Tin Q.94 Ans. What happens when tin metal is reacted with conc. HNO3 ? Sn + HNO3 H3SnO3

Q.95 Ans.

Which tin halide out of SnCl4, SnBr4, SnI4 is coloured ? SnI4 yellow, SnCl4 and SnBr4 coloured How Tin (II) fluoride is obtained ? SnO + 2HF SnF2 + H2O

Q.96 Ans.

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Q.97 Ans.

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Pb has more value of ionization energy then Sn due to poor shielding of the valence shell electrons by the electrons present in d and f subshells.

Why Pb715 has higher I.E. than Sn707 ?

Note

Q.98 Ans.

Why do PbCl4 acts as strong oxidising agent ? Because Pb+2 is more stable than Pb+4

Q.99 Ans.

SiF62 exist but not CF62 explain why ? Absence of d-orbitals in C

Q.100 Why PbCl2 is ionic where is PbCl4 is covalent. Ans. Fajan's rule

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SILICONS :
Q.101 What are silicones and what are its different units. Ans. Silicons are the polymers and used as a lubricants sheets, resins. SiCl4
CH3MgBr (2mol)

CH3 CH3

Si

Cl Cl

KOH

CH3 CH3

Si

OH OH

H2O

CH3 CH3

Si = O

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

HO Si OH + HO Si OH + HO Si OH + HO Si OH CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3

CH3 O Si O CH3 n

O Si O Si O Si O Si O CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3

Q.102 Why two hydroxy groups on silicon atom is stable although 2-OH groups are unstable on C atom ? Ans. Due to pressure of d-orbital in Si an extra -bond character occur which stabilities it.

Q.103 What is the general formula of organosilicone ? Ans. (R2SiO)n

Q.104 What are the group you can use in place of methyl group to produce silicone. Ans. Phenyl group.

Q.105 How the name silicone is derived for the polymer R2SiO ? Ans.

Polymeric organocompounds contain SiOSi bonds therefore known as silicones.

Q.106 What happens when SiCl4 is reacted with following (A) 1 mole of CH3MgCl (B) 2 mole of CH3MgCl (D) 4 mol of CH3MgCl

(C) 3 mole of CH3MgCl

1. CH 3MgCl 2. CH 3MgCl

CH3SiCl3 (CH3)2SiCl 2 (CH3)3SiCl3 (CH3)4Si

Ans.

SiCl4

3. CH 3MgCl 4. CH 3MgCl

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Ans. No change

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Q.107 What happens when SiCl4 subjected to strong heating ?

Note

Q.108 What happens when dialkyldichloro silanes or diaryl dichlorosilanes are subjected to hydrolysis & then heated strongly ? Ans. Silicones are produced.

Q.109 What are silanes and germanes ? What are their general formula. Ans. Silanes Sin H2n
+ 2 + 2

German Gen H2n

Q.110 How silanes are different than alkanes ? Ans. Silanes Alkanes Toxic Autocombust Reducing agent Unstable Not Not Not Stable

Q.111 What happens when mixture of silane and H2 is bubbled through water ? Ans. Vertex of silica is formed. Q.112 What is silica Garden ? Ans. When transition metals are added into soda glass solution. Different type of colour are obtained. Q.113 Why trimethyl amine is pyramidal but trisilyl amine is planar ? Ans. Trimethyl amines sp3, Trisilyl amine sp2 hybridization Q.114 Ans. Which of two is more basic N(CH3)3 or N(SiH3)3 ? N(CH3)3

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SILICATES :
Q.115 What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? Ans. sp 3 Q.116 What happens when SiO2 is reacted (heated) with alkalis and alkali metal carbonates ? Ans. Silicates are formed Q.117 KNO3 on heating produce KNO2 and O2 but what happens when KNO3 is heated with SiO2 ? Ans. KNO3 + SiO2 K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 Q.118 What happens when SiO2 is reacted with following ? Ans. (a) KOH (b) CaCO3 (c) KNO3 2KOH + SiO2 K2SiO3 + H2O CaCO3 + SiO2 CaSiO3 + CO2 SiO2 + 6HF H2SiF6 + 2H2O C + SiO2 CO2 + Si 2KNO3 + SiO2 K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 (d) HF (e) Coke

Q.119 What happens when Si is fused with NaOH in air ? Ans. Si + 2NaOH NaSiO3 + H2 Q.120 What is the definition of glass ? Ans. Super cooled liquid, pseudo solid. Q.121 What type of glass is K2O.PbO.4SiO2 ? Ans. Flint Q.122 What is the formula of soda glass ? Ans. Na2SiO3.CaSiO3.HSiO2 Q.123 What is the formula of water glass Ans. Na2SiO3.H2O Q.124 What is Crookes glass ? What is its speciality ? Which metal compound is present in it ? Ans. Stops U.V. light Q.125 What is Na2SiO3. CaSiO3.4SiO2 ? Ans. Soda glass Q.126 What do you call K2O.CaO.4SiO2 ? Ans. Hard glass Q.127 Ans. Which type of anions are present in pyrex glass ? SiO44, BO33

Q.128 How borosilicate glass are obtained ? Ans. CaCO3 + Na2CO3 + SiO2 + H3BO3 borosilicate gass

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Q.129 Which type of glass has lane thermal expansion ? Ans. Pyrex glass Q.130 Which type of glass are prisms and lenses are made up of ? Ans. Flint glass Q.131 Name an acid which dissolves silica ? Ans. HF Q.132 Why HF acid is stored in plastic bottles and not glass bottles ? Ans. SiO2 + 6HF H2SiF6 + 2H2O Q.133 Which compound is formed when glass reacts with HF ? Ans. Fluoro siliclic acid. Q.134 Which acid is used for etching glass ? Ans. HF Q.135 What pseudo solids ? Ans. Glass Q.136 What hapend when SiCl4 is subjected to strong heating ? Ans. When SiCl4 is heated with hot alkali, it produces orthosilicate anions which further polymerises in to slica
Si Si O O

Note

Cl Cl

Cl

Si

Cl

NaOH Room temp

OH OH

OH

Si

OH


Si

Si
O O Si

Q.137 What is the formula of orthosilicate anion ? Why is it important. Ans. Orthosilicate anion-SiO44 It is the basic unit of all silicate.

O O

Si

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