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10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Beberapa orang tidak boleh mencapai kecemerlangan kerana latarbelakang,
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Beberapa orang tidak boleh mencapai
kecemerlangan kerana latarbelakang, pendidikan
dll.
 Sebenarnya, setiap orang dapat mencapai
kejayaan. Ini hanya bagaimana mereka
menginginkannya, kemudian melakukan
sesuatu untuk mencapainya. Jadi semua orang
berupaya menikmati kecemerlangan.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Orang yang cemerlang tidak melakukan kesalahan.  Sebenarnya, orang-orang
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Orang yang cemerlang tidak melakukan
kesalahan.
 Sebenarnya, orang-orang yang cemerlang
itu memang melakukan kesalahan
sebagaimana kita semua pernah lakukan.
Namun mereka tidak melakukan
kesalahan itu untuk kali keduanya.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Agar cemerlang, kita harus bekerja lebih dari 60 jam (
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Agar cemerlang, kita harus
bekerja lebih
dari 60 jam ( 70, 80, 90, … ) seminggu.
 Sebenarnya, persoalannya terletak pada
lamanya anda bekerja. Tetapi bagaimana
anda dapat melakukan sesuatu yang
benar. Orang yang cemerlang
menguruskan masa mereka dengan
cekap.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Anda hanya boleh cemerlang bila „bermain‟ sesuatu dengan peraturan. 
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Anda hanya boleh cemerlang bila „bermain‟
sesuatu dengan peraturan.
 Sebenarnya siapa yang membuat
peraturan itu? Setiap situasi memerlukan
cara yang berbeza. Kadang-kadang kita
harus mengikuti peraturan, tetapi dimasa
lain andalah yang membuat peraturan itu.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Jika anda selalu meminta bantuan, anda tidak cemerlang.  Sebenarnya,
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Jika anda selalu meminta bantuan, anda
tidak cemerlang.
 Sebenarnya, cemerlang jarang sekali
terjadi di masa-masa „vakum‟. Justru,
dengan mengakui dan menghargai
bantuan orang lain dapat membantu
kejayaan anda. Dan sesungguhnya ada
ramai sekali orang seperti itu.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Cemerlang bergantung kepada nasib dan peluang.  Sebenarnya, hanya diperlu
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Cemerlang bergantung kepada nasib dan
peluang.
 Sebenarnya, hanya diperlu sedikit nasib
dan peluang. Namun diperlukan banyak
kerja kuat, kecerdasan, pengentahuan,
kehendak, ilmu dan penghayatan.

10 KESALAHFAHAMAN

TENTANG CEMERLANG

 Cemerlang apabila anda mendapat banyak wang.  Sebenarnya, wang hanya satu saja
 Cemerlang apabila anda mendapat banyak
wang.
 Sebenarnya, wang hanya satu saja

daripada begitu banyak keuntungan yang

diberikan oleh kecemerlangan. Wang bukan jaminan kecemerlangan anda.
diberikan oleh kecemerlangan. Wang
bukan jaminan kecemerlangan anda.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Cemerlang ialah apabila semua orang mengakuinya.  Sebenarnya, anda mungkin
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Cemerlang ialah apabila semua orang
mengakuinya.
 Sebenarnya, anda mungkin lebih banyak
mencapai kecemerlangan dan pengakuan
daripada orang lain atas apa yang anda
lakukan. Tetapi meskipun hanya anda
sendiri yang mengetahuinya, anda
tetaplah cemerlang.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Cemerlang adalah tujuan.  Sebenarnya, cemerlang lebih dari sekadar anda
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Cemerlang adalah tujuan.
 Sebenarnya, cemerlang lebih dari sekadar
anda boleh mencapai tujuan dan
matlamat anda. Katakan bahawa anda
menginginkan kejayaan, maka ajukan
pertanyaan “atas hal apa ?”.
Kecemerlangan adalah cara hidup anda.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN TENTANG CEMERLANG  Saya cemerlang apabila kesukaran dan masalah saya berakhir.  Sebenarnya,
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
 Saya cemerlang apabila kesukaran dan masalah
saya berakhir.
 Sebenarnya, anda mungkin cemerlang tetapi
anada bukan Tuhan. Anda tetap harus melalui
jalan yang naik turun sebagaimana yang anda
alami di masa-masa lalu. Nikmati apa sahaja
yang telah anda raih dan hidupkan setiiap hari
sebagaimana adanya.

The winners vs losers

The winner is part of the answer; The loser is a always a part of
The winner is part of the answer;
The loser is a always a part of the problem.
The winner always has a plan;
The loser always has an excuse.
The winner says „let me do it for you‟;
The losser say „that‟s not my jobs‟.
The winner sees an answer in every problem;
The losser sees a problem in every answer.
The winner sees a green near every sandtrap;
The losses sees a sandtrap near every green.
The winner say „it may be difficult but it‟s possible‟;
The losser says „it‟s may be possible, but it‟s difficult‟.
HOW TO STUDY ?  Step 1 : Where do I Study ?  Step
HOW TO STUDY ?
 Step 1 : Where do I Study ?
 Step 2 : How comfortable do I want to be
when I study ?
 Step 3 : How do I get settled enaugh to
begin work ?
 Step 4 : It sure is hard to concentrate !
 Step 5 : What if I just procrastinate a lot ?

TIME MANAGEMENT:

Being aware of how you use time will help you to study more effectively and
Being aware of how you use time will help
you to study more effectively and be more
efficient.
 Define your priorities.
 Study time
 Assingnment calendar
 Managing assingments

TIME MANAGEMENT:

 Working on assignments  Motivation  Make use of free time during the day
 Working on assignments
 Motivation
 Make use of free time during the day
 Be consistent

TEST PREPARATION:

TEST PREPARATION: When you have a test to make, it can be difficult to know how

When you have a test to make, it can be difficult to know how to prepare for the test. People have very different ways of studying, and these may vary for each

subject. Here are some general tips that can help you find your own best way
subject. Here are some general tips that can
help you find your own best way to study.

TEST PREPARATION:

 Make time to study.  Keep up with assignments.  Find a study group.
 Make time to study.
 Keep up with assignments.
 Find a study group.
 Write down key topics.
 Condense your notes.
 Practice problem solving
 Make practice essay questions
 Do sample questions

IMPROVING

CONCENTRATION

IMPROVING CONCENTRATION  REDUCE EXTERNAL DISTRACTION:-  Find a good place to work  Minimize visual

REDUCE EXTERNAL DISTRACTION:-

IMPROVING CONCENTRATION  REDUCE EXTERNAL DISTRACTION:-  Find a good place to work  Minimize visual
 Find a good place to work  Minimize visual distractions  Elimanate noise –
 Find a good place to work
 Minimize visual distractions
 Elimanate noise – without vocal music.
 Use appropriate lighting

IMPROVING

CONCENTRATION

 DISCOURAGE INTERNAL DISTRACTIONS:-
 DISCOURAGE INTERNAL
DISTRACTIONS:-
 Keep your calendar or “to do” list nearby as you study  Use a
 Keep your calendar or “to do” list nearby
as you study
 Use a concentration scoresheet

IMPROVING

CONCENTRATION

IMPROVING CONCENTRATION  FIGHT FATIGUE:-   Take regular study breaks. Find your “prime time”. 

FIGHT FATIGUE:-

IMPROVING CONCENTRATION  FIGHT FATIGUE:-   Take regular study breaks. Find your “prime time”. 
  Take regular study breaks. Find your “prime time”.  Get your sleep a
Take regular study breaks.
Find your “prime time”.
 Get your sleep a night

IMPROVING

CONCENTRATION

 BUILT A STRONG INTEREST:
 BUILT A STRONG INTEREST:
 Think about why you want to learn about given subject.  Form study group.
 Think about why you want to learn about
given subject.
 Form study group.
 Find a tutor / alternate textbook
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  Forgetting is a natural process, with the greatest losses occurring within
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 Forgetting is a natural process, with the
greatest losses occurring within the first
24 hours of learning. After one day you
will forget 46% of what you read, 79%
after 14 days, and 81% after 28 days.
Clearly, it is essential to review readings
and lecture notes within one or two days
of initial exposure, with brief additional
reviews interspersed in later weeks.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  PAY ATTENTION AND INTEND TO REMEMBER:-  Which are you more
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 PAY ATTENTION AND INTEND TO
REMEMBER:-
 Which are you more likely to remember, the name
of a coworker or your boss? We remember when
we decide to remember and when we have a
reason/motivation.
 1. Eliminate distractions while reading/studying.
 2. Develop a strong motivation; think of a reason
why you want to learn this.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  ANALYZE HOW TO REMEMBER EACH FACT & CONCEPT AS YOU ENCOUNTER
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 ANALYZE HOW TO REMEMBER EACH
FACT & CONCEPT AS YOU ENCOUNTER
IT.
 1. Decide whether you will emphasize
concepts, memory devices, visualization,
or reciting.
 2. Relate new material to facts and
concepts you already know.
 3. To memorize terminology, think about
familiar parts of the words or study the
Greek and Latin roots.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  INTERPRET/UNDERSTAND THE MATERIAL.  1. To improve your long-term memory and
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 INTERPRET/UNDERSTAND THE
MATERIAL.
 1. To improve your long-term memory and
to perform better on complex test
questions, focus on understanding the
basic ideas rather than simply memorizing
isolated facts.
 2. Explain concepts to family members and
study partners. This "teaching" will help
you deepen your own understanding.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  ORGANIZE THE MATERIAL:  1.Use "advanced organizers" obtained by prior knowledge
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 ORGANIZE THE MATERIAL:
 1.Use "advanced organizers" obtained by
prior knowledge or scanning to organize
the new information.
 2. During review, organize your notes by
writing questions or headings in the left
margin.
 3. The human brain appears to be able to hold
only seven chunks of information in immediate
memory, so breaking up material into
categories will help you remember.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  VISUALIZE THE MATERIAL:  Half of the brain thinks in words
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 VISUALIZE THE MATERIAL:
 Half of the brain thinks in words and the
other half in pictures; use both parts of
your brain.
 1. Study pictures, diagrams, and charts in
your text and develop your own.
 2. Visualize information. For example, to
remember the date of Lincoln's birth,
visualize a log cabin with 1809 carved
above the door.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  RECITE WHAT YOU'VE LEARNED: Recite for these reasons: it increases your
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 RECITE WHAT YOU'VE LEARNED:
Recite for these reasons: it increases your level of
attention, it creates a stronger neural trace of
memory by utilizing more senses, it provides
immediate feedback for your studying and thereby
increases your motivation.
 1. Recite as you read, as you review your class
notes, and as you study.
2. For material which you need to remember in
some detail, reciting should take up 60%-80% of
your study time (relative to reading).
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  REVIEW SOON AND IN SMALL, FREQUENT "DOSES“:  While longer study
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 REVIEW SOON AND IN SMALL,
FREQUENT "DOSES“:
 While longer study sessions are effective for
writing or for creative projects, most study is best
done in short sessions with breaks (for example,
study for 50 minutes and take a break for 10).
 1. Review your lecture notes immediately (that day
or the next).
 2. As you walk to your next class, recall the main
points of the lecture you just attended
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY  USE MEMORY DEVICES SUCH AS ASSOCIATIONS AND MNEMONICS:   
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
 USE MEMORY DEVICES SUCH AS
ASSOCIATIONS AND MNEMONICS:
 1. Use word mnemonics
2. Use sentence mnemonics
3. Use mnemonics for spelling and for
keeping terminology straight:
4. To improve memory, add humor and an
"off color" element to your memory device.
TIP MENGULANGKAJI MENJELANG PEPERIKSAAN:    LANGKAH A : ANALISIS TOPIK LANGKAH B :
TIP MENGULANGKAJI
MENJELANG PEPERIKSAAN:
LANGKAH A : ANALISIS TOPIK
LANGKAH B : MENCARI MAKLUMAT
LANGKAH C : MENGULANGKAJI
 LANGKAH D : PERANCANGAN
STRATEGIK BELAJAR.
LANGKAH A : ANALISIS TOPIK  Senarai topik – rujuk sinopsis kursus.  Kumpulan belajar
LANGKAH A :
ANALISIS TOPIK
 Senarai topik – rujuk sinopsis kursus.
 Kumpulan belajar – peranan.
 Analisis:-
Penguasaan
 Pencapaian
Senang
Peluang
Perbandingan
LANGKAH B : MENCARI MAKLUMAT.    Buku rujukan, pensyarah, tutor, nota, rakan. Faham
LANGKAH B : MENCARI
MAKLUMAT.
Buku rujukan, pensyarah, tutor, nota, rakan.
Faham semua walaupun tidak penting.
Nota – peta minda
 Pembelajaran berkumpulan berkesan.
LANGKAH C : MENGULANGKAJI.  Mentelaah nota.  “Out put” learning. Jawab soalan.  
LANGKAH C :
MENGULANGKAJI.
 Mentelaah nota.
 “Out put” learning.
Jawab soalan.
Kenali format soalan vs jawapan.
 Semak jawapan.
Rakan sepembelajaran.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran  Menyediakan Jadual Perancangan Masa Strategik.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
 Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran
 Menyediakan Jadual Perancangan Masa
Strategik.
 Menyediakan Nota Belajar Dalam Bentuk
Peta Minda.
Menyediakan Lembaran Analisis Keperluan
Kendiri.

PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK

BELAJAR:-

PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran:-  S  M  A  R 

Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran:- S M A R T

PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran:-  S  M  A  R 
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran:-  S  M  A  R 
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Menyediakan Jadual Waktu Perancangan Masa Strategik. Ruang – masa, pelajaran,
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
 Menyediakan Jadual Waktu Perancangan
Masa Strategik.
Ruang – masa, pelajaran, topik.
Waktu JITU pembelajaran.
 Masa tepat – minit terdekat.
 Pelbagai aktiviti pembelajaran.
 Mentelaah Kumpulan.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK BELAJAR:-  Menyediakan Nota Belajar Dalam Bentok Peta Minda  Gambaran menyeluruh topik.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
 Menyediakan Nota Belajar Dalam Bentok
Peta Minda
 Gambaran menyeluruh topik.
 Membantu faham, ingat.
 Kemaskini mudah.
 Ulangan kumpulan – tengok.
 Fakta, huraian, gambar dll

PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK

BELAJAR:-

  

Menyedaikan Lembaran Analisis Keperluan Kendiri. Pencapaian. Kekuatan. Kelemahan Tindakan

Test Preparation  Make Time to Study  Keep Up With Assignments  Find a
Test Preparation
 Make Time to Study
 Keep Up With Assignments
 Find a Study Group
 Write Down Key Topics
 Condense Your Notes
 Practice Problem Solving
 Make Practice Essay Questions
 Do Sample Questions
Emergency test preparation  A structured approach to cramming  Preview material to be covered
Emergency test preparation
 A structured approach to cramming
 Preview material to be covered
 Be selective: skim chapters for main
points
 Concentrate on the main points
Emergency test preparation  Begin with 5 sheets of paper: Identify 5 key concepts or
Emergency test preparation
 Begin with 5 sheets of paper:
Identify 5 key concepts or topics that will be
covered on the test
2. In your own words, write an explanation,
1.
definition, answer, etc
3. Compare your response of (2)
4. Edit or re-write your understanding
5. Sequence and number each page of your topics
Emergency test preparation 6. Follow the above process for two additional concepts 7. Place them
Emergency test preparation
6.
Follow the above process for two additional
concepts
7.
Place them in the 1 - 5 sequence and change
numbering to 1 - 7
8.
Follow the above process for one or two more
concepts
9.
Try not to exceed nine concepts;
focus on the most important
10.
Review the day of the test, but try to relax
just before exam
TEST ANXIETY  BEFORE THE EXAM: Put things in perspective .   Over-study for
TEST ANXIETY
 BEFORE THE EXAM:
Put things in perspective .
 Over-study for the exam
 Remind yourself of past successes.
 Don't give a test the power to define you
education
 Visualize completing the test successfully
despite your
 Practice anxiety control strategies.
TEST ANXIETY  DURING THE EXAM Try to avoid talking with other students  right
TEST ANXIETY
 DURING THE EXAM
Try to avoid talking with other students
right before the exam.
 Choose a seat in a place with few distractions
 Remind yourself of how hard you studied,
how well you did on another exam, and how
you've practiced anxiety control.
 Do not obsess about running out of time on
the test.
 Approach your studying seriously, but think
of the test as a game.

MARK TWAIN

The secret of getting ahead is getting started. The secret of
The secret of getting ahead is
getting started. The secret of

getting started is breaking you

complex overwhelming tasks
complex overwhelming tasks

into smal manageable tasks, and

then starting on the first one.
then starting on the first one.
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti
JUARA

JUARA

JUARA
JUARA
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti juara.
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat
Jika anda mahu dapat

Jika anda mahu dapat

keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama
keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama
keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama
keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama
keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama
keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama

keputusan sebagaimana

juara dapat, pertama
juara dapat, pertama
sekali anda mesti berfikir

sekali anda mesti berfikir

seperti juara.
seperti juara.
seperti juara.
seperti juara.
seperti juara.
seperti juara.
seperti juara.
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti juara.
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti juara.
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti juara.
JUARA Jika anda mahu dapat keputusan sebagaimana juara dapat, pertama sekali anda mesti berfikir seperti juara.

ANTON CHEKHOV

(1860-1904)

MANUSIA IALAH APA YANG DIA PERCAYA.
MANUSIA IALAH
APA YANG DIA
PERCAYA.
APABILA ANDA MENGUBAH PEMIKIRAN ANDA ! Anda mengubah kepercayaan anda.   Apabila anda mengubah
APABILA ANDA MENGUBAH
PEMIKIRAN ANDA !
Anda mengubah kepercayaan anda.
 Apabila anda mengubah kepercayaan anda.
Anda mengubah jangkaan anda.
 Apabila anda mengubah jangkaan anda.
Anda mengubah sikap anda.
 Apabila anda mengubah sikap anda.
Anda mengubah tabiat anda.
 Apabila anda mengubah tabiat anda.
Anda mengubah prestasi anda.
 Apabila anda mengubah prestasi anda
Anda mengubah kehidupan anda.

Norman Vincent Peale.

UBAHLAH PEMIKIRAN

ANDA, MAKA ANDA AKAN MENGUBAH
ANDA, MAKA ANDA
AKAN MENGUBAH
DUNIA ANDA
DUNIA ANDA

Benedict Spinoza(1632-77)

Selagi seseorang itu
Selagi seseorang itu

mengimaginasikan bahawa dia tidak

boleh melakukannya, selagi dia menentukan tidak melakukannya, maka akibatnya mustahil baginya untuk melakukannya.
boleh melakukannya, selagi dia
menentukan tidak melakukannya,
maka akibatnya mustahil baginya
untuk melakukannya.
BUKANLAH ILMU ITU DENGAN MEMBANYAKKAN RIWAYAT TETAPI ILMU ITU IALAH CAHAYA YANG ALLAH LETAK DALAM
BUKANLAH ILMU ITU DENGAN
MEMBANYAKKAN RIWAYAT
TETAPI ILMU ITU IALAH CAHAYA
YANG ALLAH LETAK DALAM HATI.

IMAM MALIK