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Code: R7210305

R07

B.TECH II Year I Semester (R07) Supplementary Examinations, November 2012

THERMODYNAMICS

(Mechanical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ****

(a)

1 What is the difference between a closed system and an open system?

(b)

What do you understand by path function and point function? Show that work is a path function, and not a property.

2 Explain Joules experiment and state the first law of thermodynamics applied to a close

d system undergone by a cycle process.

The temperature‘t ‘on a thermometer scale is defined in terms of a property K by the relation t = a ln K +b when a, b are constants. The values of K are found to be 1.83 and 6.78 at the ice point and steam point, the temperatures of which are assigned the numbers 0 and 100 respectively. Determine the temperature corresponding to a

reading of K equal to 2.42 on the thermometer.

(a)

(b)

(a)

3 Define clausius inequality and prove it.

(b)

Two reversible heat engines A and B are arranged in series A rejecting heat directly to B. Engine A received 200KJ at a temperature of 421 0 c form a hot source, while engine

B is communicated with a cold sink at a temperature of 4.4 0 c. If the work output of A is

twice that of B find (i) the intermediate temperature between A and B (ii) the efficiency

of each engine (iii) heat rejected to the cold sink.

4 Draw the following charts for a pure substance T-s, h-s and P-v diagram representing various processes.

(a)

5 Explain different laws of perfect gases.

(b)

A mass of 0.35 kg of an ideal gas has a temperature of 30 0 c, Volume of 0.67m 3 pressure of 100 Kpa. The final pressure is 300 kpa volume is 0.8 m 3. When the gas undergoes irreversible process. The work done during this process is found to be 30KJ. Evaluate CP and CV of gas increase in entropy

(a)

6 Explain the term thermodynamics wet bulb temperature.

(b)

Distinguish between volumetric analysis and gravimetric analysis and explain the procedure convert one from the other.

(a)

7 Show that the efficiency of a Brayton cycle is 1

1

1

where is pressure ratio.

(b)

Calculate the air standard efficiency of an Otto cycle with compression ratio 6 when

compression begins at 35 0 c and 0.1 MPa. Then maximum temperature of the cycle is 1100 0 c. Find the work done per kg of air.

(a)

8 Explain with a neat sketch the working of vapor compression cycle.

(b)

Why air refrigeration system is preferable for air -crafts

*****