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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


1. Personal Pronouns (Kata ganti Orang/benda) Personal pronouns adalah kata ganti yang menggantikan orang atau sesuatu yang kita bicarakan. Personal pronoun dalam bahasa Inggris mencakup: Tunggal I (saya) You (kamu) He (dia laki-laki) She (dia perempuan) It (dia benda) 2. Kata kerja to be Kata kerja ini merupakan kata kerja penghubung, yang menghubungkan sebuah subjek dan sesuatu yang terhubung dengan subjek tersebut. Bentuk present simple dari to be adalah sebagai berikut: Tunggal I am You are He is She is It is 3. Kalimat Dasar Formula (Rumus) Kalimat Positif = S + be (am/is/are) + adj (Kata Sifat / Profesi) Bahasa Inggris merupakan bahasa SPO (Subjek Predikat Objek) yang berarti bahwa kalimat-kalimat tersusun atas subjek terlebih dahulu, lalu kata kerja, dan terakhir objek. Dengan menggunakan grammar di atas sekarang kita bisa membuat kalimat dasar dalam bahasa Inggris, misalnya:

Jamak We (kami/kita) You (kalian) They (mereka)

Jamak We are You are They are

I am a teacher (saya seorang guru) She is happy (dia bahagia) They are students (mereka adalah siswa)

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

Contoh penggunaan dalam dialog: (1) a : Hi, Sylvia! How are you? b : I am fine, thanks. How are you? a : I am very well! (2) x : Hi, my name is Tyler. y : Nice to meet you, Tyler. My name is Sylvia. x : It is nice to meet you too. Sylvia. (3) v : Hi, Tyler! How are you? p : Oh, I am OK. How about you? v : I am great, thanks. (4) r : What is your name? s : My name is Tyler Saunders. Whats your name? r : My name is Sylvia. It is nice to meet you, Tyler. s : Nice to meet you too. Where are you from? r :I am from China. Kosa kata baru dalam dialog-dialog di atas: I = saya you = kamu/anda name = nama meet = bertemu thank = terima kasih what = apa where = dimana how = bagaimana China = Cina

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

KALIMAT TANYA DALAM SIMPLE PRESENT 1. Bentuk negatif Simple Present kata kerja to be Formula (Rumus) Kalimat Negatif = S + be (am/is/are) + not + adj (kata sifat / profesi) Kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan bentuk simple present yang menggunakan kata kerja to be terbentuk secara berbeda dengan pertanyaan-pertanyaan lain. Untuk membuat kalimat negatif kita cukup menambahkan not sebelum kata kerja to be. - Kalimat: You are a doctor - Negatif: Your are not a doctor - Kalimat: They are cats - Negatif: They are not cats Berikut adalah bentuk negatif dari kata kerja to be dalam bentuk Simple Present (bentuk sekarang sederhana): Tunggal I am not You are not He is not She is not It is not 2. Pertanyaan Simple Present Untuk membuat pertanyaan kita cukup membalik posisi subjek dan to be. Kalimat Tanya / Introgatif - Kalimat: You are a doctor - Pertanyaan: Are you a doctor? - Kalimat: They are cats - Pertanyaan: Are they cats? To be sebagai pertanyaan dalam bentuk Simple Present adalah sebagai berikut: Tunggal Am I (a teacher) ? Are you ? Is he ? Is she ? Jamak Are we ? Are you ? Are they ? = be (am/is/are) + S + adj (kata sifat / profesi) + ? Jamak We are not You are not They are not

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

Is it ?

3. Jawaban-jawaban singkat Kita bisa menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan ini dengan jawaban singkat menggunakan kata kerja to be. Sebagai contoh: - Are you a teacher? - Yes, I am / No, I am not - Is he a Student? - Yes, he is. / No, he is not. Perlu diperhatikan bahwa dalam bahasa Inggris lisan kita biasanya menggunakan singkatan (contraction) untuk bentuk negatif. Contoh: No, I am not, bisa disingkat menjadi No, Im not. Singkatan-singkatan ini akan dipelajari khusus pada unit selanjutnya. Contoh penggunaan dalam dialog: (1) t : Sylvia, are you a teacher? s : No, Im not. Im a doctor. t : Thats great! (2) s : So Tyler, what do you do? t : Im a businessman. How about you? s : Im a singer. t : Wow, thats great! (3) r : What does your friend look like, Sylvia? s : Oh, hes tall, handsome, and he has brown hair. r : Is he kind? s : Yes, hes very kind. Hes really nice! (4) Hi, my name is Tyler. Im tall, Im funny, and Im really happy. Im a teacher and web designer. My friends name is Sylvia, shes very cute, tall, and kind. Shes a teacher, too. Shes also really smart. Its nice to meet you! Kosa kata baru: teacher = guru doctor = dokter great = hebat do = kerjakan/pekerjaan businessman = pebisnis singer = penyayi friend = teman hair = rambut brown = coklat kind = baik funny = menyenangkan happy = bahagia/senang web designer = perancang situs cute = manis/elok
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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

look like = seperti tall = tinggi handsome = tampan

smart = cerdas really = sungguh

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

PRESENT TENSE Kalimat Positif Formula (Rumus) = S + V1 (s/es) + Obj = S + V1 (s/es) + Complement = S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement

Simple persent tense digunakan untuk membuat kalimat tentang waktu sekarang. Bentuk waktu ini digunakan untuk kondisi-kondisi berikut. - Fakta permanen: Kalimat-kalimat yang menyatakan fakta yang selalu berlaku/benar. Contoh: It is cold in winter. - The sun shines - Fish lives in water. - Fakta sekarang: Kalimat-kalimat yang menyatakan fakta yang benar untuk saat sekarang. Conth: I work at home. - She plays piano. I work at home tidak berarti saya sedang bekerja sekarang, tetapi berarti bahwa dalam kondisi sekarang saya bekerja di rumah. - Tindakan kebiasaan: I get up at 5.00 - They come here every day. Tindakan-tindakan ini diulangi secara teratur, sehingga dianggap sebagai sebuah realita sekarang dan dinyatakan dalam Simple Present tense. Berikut contoh kata kerja give dalam Simple Present: Tunggal I give You give He gives She gives It gives Aturan penulisan kata kerja untuk Simple Present tense Jamak We give You give They give

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question Jika kita melihat diatas, anda akan melihat bahwa penulisan kata kerja tidak berubah, kecuali untuk orang ketiga tunggal (He, She, It), yakni kata kerja ditambahkan s. Sebagai cntoh I eat - He eats. Terkadang aturan penulisan lain untuk kata kerja juga berlaku bagi He, She dan It, yakni tidak ditambahkan s tetapi es. Berikut aturannya:

Akhiran kata kerja Kata kerja berakhiran -o ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -s ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -x ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -ch ditambah -es Kata kerja berakhiran -sh ditambah -es Kata kerja yang berakhiran huruf konsonan dan y sering merubah akhiran -y menjadi -ies: Kata kerja seperti buy tidak memiliki konsonan sebelum y, sehingga cukup ditambahkan -s seperti biasa.

Contoh do - does, go - goes pass - passes, kiss - kisses fix - fixes, mix - mixes match - matches, catch - catches push - pushes, rush - rushes try - tries, cry cries

buy - buys, pay - pays.

Kalimat Negatif Formula (Rumus) = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Obj = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Complement = S + do/does + not + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement
Kalimat negatif pada present tense pada dasarnya sama seperti kalimat negatif pada Simple Present Tense. Contoh I do not go to school. She does not like him. I dont know about it. (kata dont merupakan penyingkatan dari kata do not) It doesnt like you think about. (kata doesnt merupakan penyingkatan dari kata does not) Alan does not like woman.

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

Kalimat Tanya (Introgatif) Formula (Rumus) = do/does + S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + ? = do/does S + + V1 (s/es) + Complement + ? = do/does + S + V1 (s/es) + Obj + Complement + ?
Kalimat negatif pada present tense pada dasarnya sama seperti kalimat negatif pada Simple Present Tense. Contoh Do I go to school? (Yes, You do or No, You dont) Does she like him? (Yes, She does or No, She doesnt) Does Alan not like woman? (yes, of course or yes, Alan does or yes, he does or no, he doesnt or no, Alan doesnt) Do they run together? (Yes, they do or no, they dont) Penggunaan Do dan Does dalam kalimat tanya DO Do I ? Do You? Do They ? Do we ? DOES Does she ? Does he ? Does it ? Does Ita ?

Contoh penggunaan dalam percakapan. 1) Hi, let me tell you about my daily routine. First, I get up at 8.00, then I brush my teeth, have a shower, and eat breakfast. I go to work at 8.50, and I start work at 9.30. Then I have lunch at 1.00, and finish work at 5.30. I go to bed at 11.00. Thats my day! 2) Hi! My name is Sylvia. I come from Korea. Im 24 years old, Im tall and I have black hair. I like music and movies. I also like reading books. I play sports and I study English. I dont like cake. Im really happy to meet you! 3) Tyler, do you have a hobby? Sure, I read books. Oh, I like books as well. Do you watch TV?

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question Yes, I watch TV every day. I like drama and comedy programs. I like the news. And I go to the gym as well. Me too! Lets go together. That sounds great! Kosa kata baru: daily routine = rutinitas harian first = pertama get up = bangun brush = menyikat have = mempunyai shower = shower eat = makan breakfast = sarapan pagi go = pergi work = bekerja start = mulai lunch = makan siang finish = selesai bed = tempat tidur day = siang/hari come = datang come from = berasal dari Korea = Korea black = hitam music = musik movies = filem also = juga read = membaca play = bermain sports = olahraga study = belajar hobby = kegemaran book = buku watch = menonton TV = Televisi drama = drama comedy = komedi news = berita gym = gimnastik lets =mari kita together = bersama

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First Introducing about Present Tense, Reading, Translating, Aswering Question

A Happy Family

Robert and Lucy are married. They have been happily married for fifteen years. Robert works in a factory, he's a machine operator. He works from 8 to 3. Lucy works at the local supermarket. She's the supervisor of the check-out. She works part time from 10 to 2. They have four children, Mark, 14, John, 13, Hilda, 11 and Jane, 8. Mark and John go to St. Mary's Secondary school of the local County council. Hilda and Jane are still at Primary School. They live in a little cottage in Park Lane. The back of the house gives on to the park and it's a very quiet place. There is no noise, no traffic. The only noise they hear comes from the children playing in the park, or the birds in the trees. The two boys often go out with their friends at the weekends. Sometimes they go to the school sports grounds to play football. The girls like to stay at home watching TV or playing in the garden. They have a little Yorkshire Terrier. They all like playing with the dog. Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. How long have Robert and Lucy been married? Where does Robert work? What are his working hours? What does Lucy do? Does she work full time? What are the ages of the four children? Which school do the boys go to? What about the girls? Where do they live? What's at the back of the house? 1s it a noisy street? What's the only noise they can hear? What do the boys do at the weekends? What about the girls? What sort of dog do they have?

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