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LISTA DE EXERCCIOS 03

1) Para todo R x , a funo f satisfaz a equao


) ( 2 ) 1 ( ) 1 ( x f x f x f = + + . Mostre que f peridica.


2) Seja f uma funo real tal que, fixado um 0 > a , tem-se
[ ]
2
) ( ) (
2
1
) ( x f x f a x f + = + , para todo x . Mostre que f peridica.


3) Determine todas as funes f satisfazendo a relao
2
4 2
1
1
) (
x x
x
x
f x f

=
|

\
|

+ , com { } 1 , 0 R x .


4) Seja g uma funo real de varivel real, tal que
( )
2
5 5 3
) ( ) ( 2
x x
x g x g

+
= + . Determine sua imagem.


5) Seja 1 ) (
2 3 4
+ + + + = px nx mx x x f uma funo cujo grfico est
representado abaixo. Calcule o menor valor de c b a + + 2 .











6) Seja R N f : uma funo dada por:

+ = + + + +
=
2 , ) ( ) 1 ( ) ( ... ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 2 ) 1 (
1 ) 1 (
n para n f n n n nf f f f
e
f


Determine ) 2012 ( f .


BONS ESTUDOS!
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SOLUES:

1)
[ ]
[ ]
) ( ) 8 (
) ( ) 8 (
) 4 ( ) 8 (
) ( ) 4 (
) 1 ( ) 3 (
) ( 2 ) 1 ( ) ( 2 ) 3 (
) ( 2 ) 1 ( ) 3 (
) 1 ( 2 ) ( ) 2 (
) ( ) 1 ( ) ( 2 2 ) 2 (
) ( ) 1 ( 2 ) 2 (
) 1 ( ) ( 2 ) 1 (
x f x f
x f x f
x f x f
x f x f
x f x f
x f x f x f x f
x f x f x f
x f x f x f
x f x f x f x f
x f x f x f
x f x f x f
= +
= +
+ = +
= +
= +
= +
+ = +
= +
= +
+ = +
= +


Portanto, f peridica e seu perodo 8 = p .

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2)
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ] [ ]
[ ]
) ( ) 2 (
2
1
) (
2
1
) (
2
1
) 2 (
2
1
) (
2
1
) 2 (
) ( ) (
4
1
2
1
) 2 (
) ( ) (
2
1
) ( ) (
2
1
2
1
) 2 (
) ( 1 ) (
2
1
) 2 (
) ( ) (
2
1
) 2 (
) ( ) (
2
1
) (
2
2
2 2
2
2
x f a x f
x f que observe x f a x f
x f a x f
x f x f a x f
x f x f x f x f a x f
a x f a x f a x f
a x f a x f a x f
x f x f a x f
= +
(

+ = +
(

+ = +
+ + = +
(

+ + = +
+ + + = +
+ + + = +
+ = +


Portanto, f peridica e seu perodo a p 2 = .

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3)

x x x x
x x
x x
x
x
f x f

=
|

\
|

+
1
2 2
) 1 (
2 ) 1 ( 2 4 2
1
1
) (
2


Da temos:

z z z
f z f
y y y
f y f
x x x
f x f

=
|

\
|

=
|
|

\
|

=
|

\
|

+
1
2 2
1
1
) (
1
2 2
1
1
) (
1
2 2
1
1
) (


Fazendo
z
x e
y
z
x
y

=
1
1
1
1
,
1
1
, temos:


( )
( )
( ) x
z
x f z f iii
z
y
z f y f ii
y
x
y f x f i
2
2
) ( )
2
2
) ( )
2
2
) ( )
= +
= +
= +


Somando ) ( ) ( , ) ( iii e ii i , obtemos:

( )
( )
z y x
z y x
x f
z y x
z y x
z
y
x f
z y x
z y x
z f y f x f
z y x
z y x
z f y f x f
+ + =
+ + = +
+ + = + +
+ + = + +
1 1 1
) (
1 1 1
2
2
) (
1 1 1
) ( ) (
2 2 2
2 2 2
) ( 2 2 ) ( 2


Mas
x
x
x
z
z
x e
x
y
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
= =

= . Logo:


1
1
) (
1
1
1
1
1
) 1 (
1
) (
1 1 1
) (

+
=
+

+ =
+ + =
x
x
x f
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x f
z y x
z y x
x f



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4)
( )
( )
( )
2
5 5 3
) ( ) ( 2 )
5 5 3 ) ( 2 ) ( 4
2
5 5 3
) ( ) ( 2 )
x x
x x
x x
x g x g ii
x g x g x g x g i
+
= +
+ = +
+
= +



Subtraindo ) ( ) ( i de ii , temos:
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
5 5
) (
2
5 5 3
) ( 3
2
5 5 3 5 5 6
) ( 3
2
5 5 3
5 5 3 ) ( 3
x x
x x
x x x x
x x
x x
x g
x g
x g
x g

+
=
+
=
+ +
=
+
+ =



Aplicando a desigualdade entre as mdias aritmtica e geomtrica, temos:

1 ) (
1 5 5
2
5 5

=
+

x g
x x
x x


Portanto:

) , 1 [ ) Im( + = g

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5) Observa-se no grfico que a funo 1 ) (
2 3 4
+ + + + = px nx mx x x f tem
razes positivas c x e b x x a x = = = =
4 3 2 1
, .

Logo:

1 2
2
4 3 2 1 4 3 2 1
= = + + = + + + c ab x x x x e c b a x x x x

Aplicando a desigualdade entre as mdias aritmtica e geomtrica, temos:

4 2
1
4
2
4
4
4
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
+ +

+ +

+ + +
c b a
c b a
x x x x
x x x x



Portanto, o valor mnimo de c b a + + 2 4.


_______________________________________________________________




6) Substituindo 1 + n por n em

) ( ) 1 ( ) ( ... ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 2 ) 1 ( ) n f n n n nf f f f i + = + + + + ,

temos:

) 1 ( ) 2 )( 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) ( ... ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 2 ) 1 ( ) + + + = + + + + + + + n f n n n f n n nf f f f ii

Subtraindo ) ( ) ( ii de i , obtemos:

) ( ... ) 4 ( 4 ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 2
) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) (
) ( ) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 2 )( 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
n nf f f f
n f n n f n
n f n n n f n n n f n
= = = =
+ + =
+ + + + = + +


Usando esse resultado, temos:

n
n f
n f n f
n f n n n f n n f
n f n n n nf f f f
2
1
) (
) ( 2 ) 1 (
) ( ) 1 ( ) ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
) ( ) 1 ( ) ( ... ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 2 ) 1 (
=
=
+ = +
+ = + + + +



Portanto:

4024
1
) 2012 ( = f


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