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# Logical Reasoning

&
Analytical Ability

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Topic
Statement and Assumptions

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## Statement and Assumptions

When we see clouds in the sky. We take preassumption that it may be rain. Each
action has an assumption one in positive and another in negative. Let us suppose
a baby born it may be a boy or a girl. So, here we take two assumptions.

The candidate will be required to assess the given statement and decide which of
the given assumptions is implicit in the Statement. To understand the pattern of
these questions, it is very essential to know what the terms Statement and
Assumptions do stand for.

## Hence, An assumption is something that can be supposed or assumed on the

basis of a given statement.

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## Types of Questions Based on Assumption

Type 1 Two-Assumptions Based
In this type of questions a statement: is given, followed by two assumptions. The
candidate is required to assess the given statement: and then decide which of the
given assumptions to implicit in the Statement: .

## Directions (Examples 1 to 3) In each of the illustrations below is given a

Statement: followed by Assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the
Statement: and decide which of the given Assumptions is implicit? Give
(a)
if only assumption I is implicit
(b)
if only assumption II is implicit
(c)
if neither I nor II is implicit
(d)
if both I and II are implicit

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1.
Statement: The Union Government has decided to withdraw existing tax
relief on various small savings schemes in a phased manner to augment its tax
collection.
Assumptions:
I.
People may still continue to keep money in small savings
schemes and also pay taxes.
II.
The total tax collection may increase substantially.
Solution. (d) Any measure is taken assuming that it would be accepted by
the people. Therefore, both the assumptions are implicit in the statement
.
2. Statement: The Government has decided to levy 2 per cent on the tax
amount payable for funding drought relief programmes.
Assumptions:
I.
The Government does not have sufficient money to fund
drought relief programmes.
II.
The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to
fund these drought relief programmes.

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Solution. (d) If there were sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes,
why this measure should be taken. Therefore, both the assumptions are implicit in
the statement.
3.
Statement: The Government has decided to allow the shopping
complexes to remain open till mid night to reduce crowding of shoppers in these
complexes during the weekends.
Assumptions:
I.
People may still prefer to shop during the weekends.
II.
Many people may now do their shopping illusively during the
late evening hour.

Solution. (b) Only assumption II is implicit because the people may shopping
illusively during the late evening hours thinking, so the Government has decided
to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till mid night.

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## Type 2 Three-Assumptions Based

This type also consists of similar type of questions as in Type I, with the
difference that here three assumptions are given and the candidate is required to
choose that group which is implicit in context of the given statement.
Directions: In each questions below is given a statement followed by three
assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed
or token for granted. You hove to consider the statement and the following
assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the
statement.
4.
Statement: If you desire to enjoy the best holidays to Europe join our
exclusive EURO package, An advertisement of a travel agency in an Indian
newspaper.
Assumptions:
I.
Many Indians travel of European countries to spend their
holidays.
II.
These are other travel agencies in India which organize
holiday tour to Europe.

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III.

Many people may still travel to Europe through other travel agencies.
(a)
All are implicit
(b)
Only I and II are implicit
(c)
Only I is implicit (d)
Only I and III are implicit

Solution. (a) All are implicit because on the basis of all the three

5.
Statement: Graduate with first class are eligible to apply for the
admission to MBA courses in our institute.
Assumptions:
I.
Only those who are first class graduates can be up with the
studies for MBA courses.
II.
There are plenty of first class graduates who are likely to

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III.
Reputation of the institute may get affected, if students having less than
(a)
Only I is implicit
(b)
Only II is implicit
(c)
Only III is implicit
(d)
Only I and II are implicit
number of first class graduates are likely to apply for admission to MBA.

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