Anda di halaman 1dari 60

Attention: This is a basic owner s'/users' manual, which applies to both conventional b icycles and Townies. P lease read the entire manual carefully to familiarize yourself with the technical and safety aspects o f your new Townie. For more specific instructions on the use and maintenance of your Townie, please consu lt with your authorized Electra dealer.


IMPORTANT: To fu lly ensure the r ide-quality specific to your Townie, start

out by having

to the fitting guidelines listed below.

to the basic fitting guidelines

found on pages

A . Townie Saddle Height

Raise or lower th e saddle to a height that allows you to slightly touch the

your autho r ized Electra dealer adjus t your bicycle according

These guidelines are an addendum

11 -16 in th is owners' manual.

ground flat-footed while supporting

sure your legs are in a straight vertical position and your knees are NOT bent


your entire weight on the saddle.

(see fig. 1). In most cases, this will give you proper riding leg extension.

prefer more extension,

raise the saddle sligh tly.

If you

A WARNING: Do not extend


you can purchase an after-market

the seat post beyond


the maximum post is needed ,

mark indicated

on the post.

If a longer

seat post from your dealer.


Due to the design

of the Townie,

make sure to purchase

an extra-reinforced

seat post


wall thickness

or ovalized inner profile).


B. Townie Stem Height

Adjus t the stem up o r down in direct proportion

to the saddle height adjustment.

For instance,

a medium-size

rider requiring

a saddle

raised halfway shou ld also raise

the stem halfway.


Townie Stem Angle


In general, we recommend

a steeper

stem angle (see

fig. 3) on the

Townie than

on conventional b icycles. A steeper angle allows the rider

handlebar while maintaining an upright seating position (especially for shorter riders).

D. Town i e Handlebar Angle

to more easily reach the

Tilt the angle of the handlebar

to a

position that allows you to keep your arms

relaxed at about abdomen to chest high. Your

arms shou ld be straight

should no t be locked (see f ig. 2). Be sure that

you are in an upright seated

bent forward or leaning backwards.

position and not

but your elbows

l arge ( 1 0 °_20 0 angle)

m edi u m (20 "_30 " ang l e)

small (30 "_45 °a ngle)

Note: Unlike conventional

bicycles, the


of the Townie


you to tilt

the handlebar

closer towards

your body

to achieve

a more comfortable



(see fig. 4).

fig. 4


Your Townie is now ready

to ride. You r authorized Electra dealer can always make further adjustments according to your personal preference.

By following

Should you have any concerns



tips, you can be assured

about the proper

of a comfortable

fit, safety or usage,

ride that you will enjoy . please contact your authorized

Electra dealer

BEFORE you ride your new bicycle. Rememb er,


first. Thank you for your


Bicycle Owner's Manual

9th Edition, 2007

This manual meets EN Standards 14764,14765,14766 and 14781.


This manual contains important safety, performance and service information . Read it before you take the first ride on your new b i cycle, and keep it for reference .

Additional safety, performance and service information for spec i fi c components such as suspension or pedals on your bicycle, or for accessories such as helmets or lights that you purchase , may also be available . Make sure that your dealer has given you all the manufacturers ' l i teratu re that was included with your bicycle or accessories . In case of a conflict between the instructions in this manual and information provided by a component manufacturer, always follow the componen t manufacturer's instructions .

If you have any questions or do not understand something , take responsibility for your safety and consult with your dealer or the bicycle's manufacture r .


This manual is not intended as a comprehensive use, service, repair or maintenance manual. Please see your dealer for all servic e, repairs or maintenance. You r dealer may also be able to r efer you to classes, clinics or books on bicycle use , service, rep a ir or maintenance.



on the pu r chase of you r new bicycle. Th i s m an u al

is designe d to g iv e you the information you need for the safe o p eration and mai n tenance of y o ur bic y cle. Please read it tho r oughly before ridi n g y o ur bic y cle.

You r b icy cle's ser i al num b e r i s s tamped on the unde r side of the bottom b r ac ke t

shell. Please record

los t or s tole n. You m ay also wan t to regis te r y ou r serial nu mbe r wi th you r l ocal polic e depa rtment. Please re tai n yo ur s al es r eceip t a s pr oof of purc h ase a n d

the se r ial n u mbe r i n thi s man u al i n the ev e nt you r bicycle is


eep with the i nfor mati on b elow .











Serial Number Location Bike Shown Upside Down

Serial Number


GEN ERAL WARNING A Spec ial No te for Parents

1. First

A. Bike Fit

B. Safety First

C. Mechani cal Safety Check

D. First Ride

2 . Safety

A. The Basics

B. Riding Safety

C . Off Road Safety


Wet Weather Riding


Night R iding


Extreme , Stunt or Competition Riding


Chang ing Components or Add ing Accessories



Standover Height


Saddle Position


Handlebar Height and Angle


Control Position Adjustments


Brake Reach

4. Tech

A. Wheels

1 . Secondary Retention Devices


Wheels w ith Cam Action Systems


Remov ing and Installing Wheels


Seat Post Cam Action Clamp




Shifting Gears




Bicycle Suspension


Tires and Tubes

5 . Service

A. Service Intervals

B. If Your Bicycle Sustai ns an Impact

Append ix A: Intended Use Appendix B: Life s pan of Your Bi ke and its Compone nts Append ix C: Co aster Br akes Appendix D: Fa stener To rque Spec i fications

p .































p. 11

p. 12

p . 14


p. 16

p . 16

p. 18




p . 22 p . 23 p . 26


p. 30

p. 30

p . 3 2

p. 35

p. 35


p .49



Like any sport, bi c ycling involves risk of injury and damage . By choosing to

ride a bicycle, you assume the respons ibility for that risk, so you need to know-

and to practice -

maintenance of your bicycle to reduce risk of injury.

the rules of safe and responsible riding and of proper use and

Th i s Manual contains many "Warnings" and "Cautions " concerning the consequences of failure to maintain or inspect your bicycle and of failure to follow safe cycling practices.

- The combination of the .& safety alert symbol and the word WARNIN G indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in serious i njury or death.

o The combinati on of the .& safety a l ert symbol and the wo r d CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor o r moderate injury, or is an alert against unsafe prac tices .

o The word CA UTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a situation which, if not avoided, could result in serious damage to the bicycle or the voiding of your warranty .

Many of the Warnings and Cautions say "you may lose control and fa ll". Because any fall can result in se r ious injury o r even death, we do not a l ways repeat the warning of possible injury or death .

Because i t is impossible to anticipate every situation or condition which can occur wh i le r iding, this Manual makes no representation about the safe u se of the bicycle under all conditions. The r e are risks associated with the use of any bicycle which cannot be predicted or avoided, and which are the sole responsibility of the r ider.

A Special Note for Parents:

As a p a rent or guardian, y o u are respons i ble for the activities and safety of your minor child , and that includes mak i ng sure that the bicycl e is properly fitted to the child ; that it is i n good repair and safe operating condition; that you and your child have learned and understand the safe operation of the bi cycle; and that you and your child have lea rned, understand and obey not only the applicable local motor vehicle , bicycle and traffic laws , but also the commo n

s ense rules of safe and responsible bicycling . As a parent, you should read this

m anual, as well as review its warnings and the bicycle's func tions and o perating proced u res with you r child , before letting y our c hil d ride the b icycl e .

p WARNING: Make sure that your child always wears an approved

~ bicycle helmet when riding; but also make sure that your ch i ld understands that a bicycle helmet is for bicycling only, and must be removed when not r i ding. A helmet must not be worn while playing, in play areas , on playground equipment , while c l imbing trees , or at any time while not rid i ng a bicycle. Failure to follow this warning could result in serious injury or death .

p WARNING: If you intend to put a child-seat on your Bicycle , you will

~ need to completely enclose any coil springs under the saddle with a su i table covering to prevent the pinching or trapping of the child passenger ' s fing e rs .


1. First

NOTE: We s trongl y urge you to read th is Manual in its entirety before your first ride. At the very least, read and make sure that you understand each point in this section , and refer to the c ited sections on any issue which you don 't completely understand . Pleas e note that not all bicycles have all of the same features de s cribed in this Manual. Ask your dealer to point out the features of your bicycle.

A. Bike Fit

1. Is your bike

the right size? To check,

See Section 3.A. If your bicycle is too

large or too small for you, you may lose control and fall. If your new bike is not

the right size, ask your dealer to exchange it before you ride i t.

2. Is the saddle at the right height? To check, See Section

3.B. If you adjust

your saddle height, follow the Minimum Insertion i nstructions in Section 3.B.

3. Are saddle and seat post securely clamped? A correctly tightened saddle will

allow no saddle movement in any direction. See Section 3.B.


Are the stem and handlebars at the right height for you? If not, See Section



Can you comfortably operate the brakes? If not, you may be able to adjust

their angle and reach. See Section 3.D and 3.E.

6. Do you fully understand how to operate your new bicycle? If not, before your

first ride, have your dealer explain any functions or features which you do not


B.Safety First

1. Always wear an approved bicycle helmet when riding your bike, and follow

the helmet manufacturer's instructions for fit, use and care.

2. Do you have all the other required and recommended safety equipment?

See Section 2 . It's your responsibility to familiarize yourself with the laws of the areas where you ride, and to comply with all applicable laws.

3. Do you know how to correctly secure your front and rear wheels? Check

Section 4.A.1 to make sure. Riding with an improperly secured wheel can cause the wheel to wobble or disengage from the bicycle, and cause ser ious injury or death .

4. If your bike has toeclips and straps or clipless ("step-in") pedals, make

sure you know how they work (See Section 4.E). These pedals require special

techniques and skills. Follow the pedal manufacturer's instructions for use, adjustment and care.

5. Do you have "toe overlap"? On smaller framed bicycles your toe or toeclip

may be able to contact the front wheel when a pedal is all the way forward and

the wheel is turned . (Read Section 4.E.) to check whether you have toeciip overlap.

6. Does your bike have suspension? If so, check (Section 4.F.) Suspension

can change the way a bicycle performs. Follow the suspension manufacturer's instructions for use, adjustment and care .


C. Mechanical Safety Check

Routinely check the condition of your bicycle before every ride.

D Nuts, Bolts Screws & other Fasteners: Because manufacturers use

a wide variety of fastener sizes and shapes made in a variety of materials,

often differing by model and component, the correct tightening force or torque

cannot be generalized. To make sure that the many fasteners on your bicycle

are correctly tightened, refer to the Fastener Torque Specifications in Appendix

D of this manual or to the torque specifications in the instructions provided by

the manufacturer of the component in question. Correctly tightening a fastener requires a calibrated torque wrench. A professional bicycle mechanic with a torque wrench should torque the fasteners on you bicycle. If you choose to work on your own bicycle, you must use a torque wrench and the correct tightening torque specifications from the bicycle or component manufacturer or from your dealer. If you need to make an adjustment at home or in the field, we urge you to exercise care, and to have the fasteners you worked on checked by your dealer as soon as possible.

p WARNING: Correct tightening force on fasteners -nuts, bolts,

~ on your bicycle is important. Too little force, and the




may not hold securely.

Too much force, and the fastener


strip threads, stretch, deform or break. Either way, incorrect tightening

force can result in component and fall.

failure, which can cause you to loose control

D Make sure nothing is loose. Lift the front wheel off the ground by two or

three inches, then let it bounce on the ground. Anything sound, feel or look loose? Do a visual and tactile inspection of the whole bike . Any loose parts or accessories? If so, secure them. If you're not sure, ask someone with experience to check.

D Tires & Wheels: Make sure tires are correctly inflated (See Section

4.G.1). Check by putting one hand on the saddle, one on the intersection of the

handlebars and stem, then bouncing your weight on the bike while looking at tire deflection. Compare what you see with how it looks when you know the tires are correctly inflated; and adjust if necessary.

D Tires in good shape? Spin each wheel slowly and look for cuts in the tread

and sidewall. Replace damaged tires before riding the bike .

D Wheels true? Spin each wheel and check for brake clearance and side-to-

side wobble. If a wheel wobbles side to side even slightly, or rubs against or hits the brake pads, take the bike to a qualified bike shop to have the wheel trued.

p CAUTION: Wheels must be true for rim brakes to work effectively.

~ Wheel truing

is a skill which requires

special tools and experience.

Do not attempt to true a wheel unless you have the knowledge,


and tools needed to do the job correctly.

D Wheel rims clean and undamaged? Make sure the rims are clean and

undamaged at the tire bead and, if you have rim brakes, along the braking surface. Check to make sure that any rim wear indicator marking is not visible at any point on the wheel r im.


P WARNING: Bicycle wheel rims are subject to wear. Ask your dealer

~ about wheel rim wear. Some wheel rims have a rim wear indicator

visible as the rim's braking

that the

which becomes

surface wears. A visible

rim wea r indicator

on the side of the wheel rim is an indication

wheel rim has reached its maximum

end of its usable life can result in wheel failure, which can cause you to

loose control

usable life. Riding a wheel that is at the

and fall.

o Brakes:

Check the brakes for proper operation (See Sections 4.C) .

Squeeze the brake levers . Are the brake quick-releases closed? All control cables seated and securely engaged? If you have rim brakes , do the brake pads contact the whee l rim squarely and make full contact with the rim? Do the

brakes begin to engage within an inch of brake lever movement? Can you apply full braking force at the levers without having them touch the handlebar? If not, your brakes need adjustment. Do not ride the bike until the brakes are properly adjusted by a professional bicycle mechanic .

o Wheel Retention System: Make sure the front and rear wheels are

correctly secured. See Section 4.A

o Seat Post: If your seat post has an over-center cam action fastener for

easy height adjustment, check that it is properly adjusted and in the locked position . See Section 4.B.

o Handlebar and Saddle Alignment: Make sure the saddle and handlebar

stem are parallel to the bike's center line and clamped tight enough so that you

can't twist them out of alignment. See Sections 3.B and 3.C.

o Handlebar Ends: Make sure the handlebar grips are secure and in good

condition. If not, have your dealer replace them. Make sure the handlebar ends and extens i ons are plugged . If not, have your dealer plug them before you ride. If the handlebars have bar end extensions, make sure they are clamped tight enough so you can't twist them.

p WARNING: L oose or damaged handlebar grips or extensions can

~ cause you to lose control

and fall.

extensions can cut you and cause minor accident.


Unplugged handlebars or serious injury in an otherwise

Please also read and become thoroughly familiar with the important


B on Page 42.


on the lifespan

D. First Ride

of your bicycle and its components

in Ap pendi x

When you buckle on your helmet and go for your first familiarization ride on your new bicycle, be sure to pick a controlled environment, away from cars, other cyclists, obstacles or other hazards. R i de to become familiar with the controls, features and performance of your new bike . Familiarize yourself with the braking action of the bike (See Section 4.C) . Test the brakes at slow speed, putting your weight toward the rear and gentl y applying the brakes, rear brake first. Sudden or excessive application of the front brake could pitch you over the handlebars. Applying brakes too hard can lock up a


wheel , which could cause you to lose control and fal l. Ski dding is an examp l e of what ca n happen when a wheel locks up .

If your bi c ycle h as toeclips or clip l e s s

pe d als , pr ac tice getting in a n d o u t of th e

pedals. See paragraph B.4 above and Section 4 .E.4 . If your bike has s u spe n s ion , fam ili arize y ourself with how the s u spension resp o nd s to brake a pplication and r ide r w eight shifts . See paragraph B.6 above and Section 4.F.

Pra ctice shifting the gear s ( See Section 4.D ). R e m e mber to never mo v e the

s h i fter whi le pe d a ling b ac k wa rd , nor p e d al ba c k w ards immedi a tely after ha v ing m oved the sh i fte r. Th is co ul d jam the chai n and ca u se serious d a mage to the bic y c l e.

Check o ut the ha n dli ng

a n d r espo n se of th e bike ; and c h ec k the comfort.

If yo u have an y qu estio n s , or if y o u fee l anyth i n g about th e bik e is not as it sho u ld b e, co nsu l t y o u r d ealer before you ride ag a i n.

2. Safety

A. The Basics

p WARNING: The area in which you ride may require specific


~ devices. It is your responsibility

to familiarize


with the laws

of the area where you ride and to comply with all applicable


including properly equipping


and your bike as the law requires.

Observe all local bicycle laws and regulations. Observe regulations

about bicycle lighting, licensing of bicycles, riding on sidewalks, laws regulating bi ke path and trail use, helmet

laws, child ca rrier laws, special

responsibility to know and obey the laws.

bicycle traffic

laws. It's your

1. Always wear a cycling helmet which meets the latest certificati on standards and is appropr i ate for the type of riding you do . Always foll ow the helmet manufacturer 's ins tru ctions for fit, use and care of your helmet. Most seri ous bicycle injur i es involve head i njuries which might have been avo i ded if the ri der had worn an appropr iate he l met.

p WARNING: Failure to wear a helmet when riding may result in serious

~ injury or death.

2 . Always do the Mechanical Safety Check (Section 1.C) before you get on a bi ke.

3 . Be tho roughly familiar with the controls of your b i cycle: b r akes (Section 4.C.); peda l s (Section 4.E.); sh i fting (Section 4 .D .)

4. Be carefu l to keep body parts and other objects away from the s h arp teeth

of cha i nr ings, the mo v ing chain, the turn i ng pedals and cranks , and the sp i nn i ng wheels of your bicycle .

5. Al ways wear:

• Shoes

that w ill sta y on your feet an d wi ll gr i p the peda l s . Make sure that



hoe l aces can no t g e t in to mo v ing parts , and never r ide barefoot or in sandals .

• Bright, visible clothing that is not so loose that it can be tangled in the

bic ycle or snagged by objects at the side of the road or trail. Protecti ve eyewear, to protect against airborne dirt, dust and bugs - tinted

when the sun is bright, clear when it's not.

6. Don't j ump with your bike . Jump i ng a bike , parti cularly a BMX or mountain

bike , can be fun; but it can put huge and unpredictable stress on the bicycle and its components . Riders who insist on jumping their bike s risk serious damage, to their bicycles as well as to themselves . Before you attempt to jump, do stunt

riding or race with your

bike, Read an d Unde r stand

Section 2 .F.

7. Ride at a speed appropriate for conditions . Higher speed means higher risk.

B. Riding Safety

1 . Obey all Rules of the Road and all local traffic laws . 2 . You are sharing the road or the path with others - motorists, pedestrians and other cyclists. Respect their r i ghts . 3 . R ide defensively. Always assume that others do not see you. 4. Look ahead, and be ready to avoid:

Vehicles slow i ng or turning, entering the r oad o r your la n e ahead of y ou, or coming up behind you .

Parked car doors opening .

Pedestrians stepping out.

Children or pets playing near the road .

Pot h oles, sewer g r ating, railroad tracks, expansion joints, road or sidewalk

construction, debris and other obstructions that could cause you to swerve in to traffic , catch your wheel or cause you to have a n acc i dent.

The many othe r haza rds and distr actions which can occu r on a b i cycle ride .

5 . Ride in designated bi k e lanes , on designated bike p a th s or as close to the

edge of the r oad as poss i ble , in the di r ection of traffi c flow or as directe d govern ing laws.

by loca l

6 . Stop at stop signs and tr affic lights; slow down a nd look both ways

at street

intersections . Remember that a bicycle always lo ses in a col lision with a motor

vehicle, so be p repared to yield even if you

have th e r ight o f way.

7. Use approved hand signals for turning and stopping .

8 . Never ride with headphones . They mask traffic sounds and emergency

v ehicle si rens , distract you from concentra ti ng on what's going on arou n d y o u,

and their wires c an tang l e i n the moving parts of the bi c ycle, c ausing yo u to l ose control.

9 . Never c arry a pa ssenger, unless it i s a small c hild weari ng an approve d helmet an d secured in a correctly mounte d c hild c arri er or a child-carryin g trailer. 1 0. Never c a r ry anything which obstructs your vision or your complete c ontro l of the bi c ycle , or which could become en ta ngled in the moving parts of the bicycle . 11 . Neve r hitch a rid e by hol ding on to anoth e r vehicle.

12. Don 't do s tunts , wh e el i es o r jumps . If you intend to do s tunts, whe e li es ,

jumps o r g o r a cing wi th y o ur b ik e despite o ur ad vi ce not to , Read

Section 2 .F,

Downhill, Stunt o r Comp e tition Biking, now . Think c ar efully about your s kill s

befo re deciding to take the la rg e risks that g o with

this k ind o f riding .



Don't weave through traffic or make any moves that may surprise people

wi th whom you are sharing the road .

14 . Observe and yield the right of way .

15. Never ride your bicycle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs .

16. If possible, avoid riding in bad weather, when visibility is obscured, at

dawn, dusk or in the dark, or when extremely tired . Each of these cond i ti ons increases the risk of ac c ident.

C. Off Road Safety

We recommend that chi ldren not ride on rough terrain unless they are accompanied by an adult.

1. The variable conditions and hazards of off-road riding require close attention

and specific skills . Start slowly on easier terrain and build up your skills. If your bike has suspension , the increased speed you may develop a lso increases your

risk of losing control and falling. Get to know how to handle your bike safely before trying increased speed or more difficult terrain.

2. Wear safety gear appropriate to the kind of riding you plan to do.

3. Don't ride alone in remote areas. Even when riding with others, make sure

that someone knows where you 're going and when you expect to be back .

4. Always take along some kind of identification, so that people know who you

are in case of an accident; and take along some cash for food, a cool d ri nk or an emergency phone call .

5. Yield right of way to pedestrians and anima l s . Ride in a way that does not

frighten or endanger them, and give them enough room so that their unexpected moves don't endanger you.

6. Be prepared. If something goes wrong while you 're riding off-road, help may

not be close.

7. Before you attempt to jump, do stunt riding or race with your bike, Read and

Understand Section 2.F.

Off Road Respect Obey the local laws regulating where and how you can ride off-road , and respect private property. You may be sharing the trail w i th others - hikers, equestrians , other cyclists. Respect their rights . Stay on the desiqnated trail. Don't contribute to erosion by riding in mud or with unnecessary s l iding. Don't disturb the ecosystem by cutting your own trail or shortcut through vegetation or streams. It is your responsibility to minimize your impact on the environment. Leave things as you found them; and always take out everything you brought in .

D. Wet Weather Riding

WARNING: Wet weather impairs traction, braking and visibility, both

for the bicyclist

accident is dramatically increased in wet conditions.

and for other vehicles sharing

the road. The risk of an

Under wet conditi ons, the stopping power of your brakes (as well as the brakes of other vehicles shar i ng the road) is dramatically reduced and your tires don 't grip nearly as well. This makes it harder to control speed and easier to lose


control. To make sure that you can slow down and s top safely in we t conditions , ride more slowly and apply your brakes earlier and more gr adually than you

would under no rma l, dry condi tions .

See also Section 4 .C .

E. Night Riding

R i ding a bicycle at night is m u ch more dangero u s than riding during the day . A

bicyclis t i s very diffic ul t for motor i sts a nd pedes trians to see. Therefore, c hildren should never ride a t daw n , at dusk or at night. Adu lts who chose to accep t the

greatly i ncreased

care both r i ding and choosing spec i alized equi pm en t which helps r educe th a t ris k. Consult you r dea ler about ni g ht riding safety eq u ipme nt.

risk of riding a t d awn, at dus k o r at n i ght need to take e x tra

p WARNING: Reflectors are not a substitute

for required lights. Riding

~ at dawn, at dusk, at night or at other times of poor visibility


an adequate bicycle lighting system and without reflectors



and may result in serious

injury or death.

Bicy cle r e flecto rs are d esigned to pick up a nd r eflect c a r l ig hts a nd s tr eet l i gh ts

in a w a y tha t may help yo u to be seen an d r e c og ni z ed as a moving

bi cyclist.

p CAUTION: Check reflectors and their mounting brackets regularly to

~ make sure that they are clean, straight, unbroken and securely mounted. Have your dealer replace damaged r eflectors and

straighten or tighten

any that are bent or loose .

The mounting brack ets of fr o nt a nd r ea r r e flectors a re o ften designed a s br ake s tr add le ca ble sa fety ca tches w h ich p re v e nt the straddle cabl e fro m c a tc hing on the tire trea d i f th e c abl e j umps o ut o f i ts yo ke or bre aks .

p WARNING: Do not remove the front or rear reflectors

or reflector



safety system.

from your bicycle.

They are an integral

part of the bicycle's

Removing the reflectors reduces your visibility

to others using the

roadway. Being struck by other vehicles death.

may result in serious



The reflector

brackets may protect you from

on the tire in the event of brake cable

a brake straddle cable

failure. If a brake straddle


cable catches on the tire , it can cause the wheel to stop suddenly,


causi ng

ou to loose control

and fall .

If yo u c ho ose to ri de under c on d iti on s of poor visib il ity , ch ec k and be su r e y ou comp ly with al l l ocal laws about n i ght r i d i ng, an d take th e fo llo wing stro n g ly recomme nded add itiona l preca u ti o n s :

• Pu rc h ase a n d in stall batte ry or gen erator powered head and ta il li ghts wh ich meet all reg ul a tory req u irements and provide a d equate v is ibil ity . Wear li g h t co l ored, r e fl ective clothi ng an d accessories, such as a reflecti ve v est, reflec tive arm and l eg bands, reflective stri pes on y our h elmet, flashing

li ghts attached to yo ur bod y and /or y our bicycle '" any r efl ectiv e

sour ce that m o v es w ill he l p you get the attenti on of approac hing motor ists, pedestrians a n d oth er traffi c .

dev i ce or lig ht


Make su re your clo thing or anythi ng you ma y be carryi ng on the bicycle does not obstruct a reflector or light.

• Make sure that your bicycle is equipped with correctly pos i tioned and

s ecurely mounted reflectors.

Whi le r iding at dawn, at dusk

• Ride slowly .

• Avo id dark areas and areas of heavy or fast- moving traffic .

• Avoid road hazards .

• If possible, ride on familiar routes .

If riding in traffic :

or at night

Be predictable. Ride so that drivers can see you and predict your movements. Be alert. Ride defensively and expect the unexpected.

• If you plan to ride in traffic often, ask your dealer about traffi c safety classes or a good book on bicycle traffic safety.

F . Extreme, Stunt or Competition Rid i ng

Whether you call it Aggro , Hucking , Freeride , North Shore , Downhill , Jumping, Stunt Riding, Racing or someth i ng else: if you engage in this sort of extreme,

aggressive riding you will get hurt, and you voluntarily

increased risk of injury or death. Not all bicycles are designed for these types of riding, and those that are may not be suitable for all types of aggressive riding. Check with your dealer or the bicycle's manufacturer about the suitability of your bicycle before engaging in extreme riding. When riding fast down h i ll, you can reach speeds achieved by motorcycles, and therefore face similar hazards and risks. Have your bicycle and equipment carefully inspected by a qualified mechanic and be sure it is in perfect condition . Consult with expert r i ders, area site personnel and race officia l s on conditions and equipment advisable at the site where you plan to ride. Wear appropriate safety gear, including an approved full face helmet, full finger gloves , and body armor . Ul timately, it is your respons i bility to have proper equipment and to be familiar with course conditions.

assume a greatly


P WARNING: Although many catalogs, advertisements and articles

~ about bicycling depict riders engaged in extreme riding,

this activity

is extremely dangerous, increases your risk of injury or death, and

increases the severity of any i njury. Remember that the action

being performed by professionals with many years of training and experience. Know your limits and always wear a helmet and other

appropriate safety gear. Even with state - of-the-art

depicted is

protective safety gear ,

. you could be seriously

injured or killed when jumping,

downhill at speed or in competition.

stunt riding ,


WARNING: Bicycles and bicycle parts have limitations

with regard to


and integrity,

and this type of riding can exceed those




We recommend again s t this typ e of rid i n g b e cause of the increased ri s ks; but if you choose to take the risk, at least:

• Take lessons from a competent instructor first

• Start w i th easy learning exercises and s l owly develop your skills before try i ng more difficul t or dangerous riding

• Use only designated areas for stunts, jumping, racing or fast downhill riding

• Wear a full face helmet, safety pads and other s afety gear

• Understand and recognize that the stresses imposed on your b i ke by this

kind of activity may break or damage parts of the bicycle and void the warranty

• Take your bicycle to your dealer i f anyth i ng breaks or bends . Do not ride your

bicycle when any part i s damaged . If you ride downhill at speed , do stunt riding or ride in competition, know the limits of your skill and experience. Ultimately, avoiding injury is your responsibility.

G. Changing Components or Adding Accessories

There are many components and accessories available to enhance the comfort, performance and appearance of your bicycle . However, if you change components or add accessories, you do so at your own risk. The bicycle's manufacturer may not have tested that component or accessory for compatibility, reliability or safety on your bicycle . Before installing any component or accessory, including a different size tire, make sure that it is compatible with your bicycle by checking with your dealer. Be sure to read, understand and follow the instructions that accompany the products you purchase for your bicycle . See also Appendix A, p. 35 and B, p. 42.

WARNING: Failure to confirm compatibility, properly install , operate and maintain any component or accessory can result in serious injury or death.

p WARNING: Changing the components on your bike with other than

~ genuine replacement parts may compromise the safety of your

bicycle and may void the wa rranty. Check with your dealer befo r e

changing the components

on your bike.

3. Fit

NOTE: Correct fit is an essential element of bicycling safety, performance and comfort. Making the adjustments to your bicycle which result in


and special tools. Always have your dealer make the adjustments

bicycle; or, if you have the experience, check your work before riding.

fit for your body and riding conditions

requires experience, skill

on your

skill and tools, have your dealer

WARNING: If your bicycle does not fit properly,

and fall. If your new bike doesn't

before you ride it.


fit, ask your dealer

may lose control

to exchange




Standover height

fi g . 2

1. Diamond Frame Bicycles Stan dov er he ig h t is the basic elem e nt of

bike fit (See Fig. 2) . It is the distance from the ground to the top of the bicycle 's frame at that po i nt where your crotch is when straddling the bike. To check for corre ct standover he i ght, straddle the bike while wearing the kind of shoes in wh i ch you'll be rid i ng , and bounce vigorous ly on your heels. If your crotch touches the frame, the

bike is too big for you. Don 't even ri de the

bike around the block. A bike which you ride only on paved surfaces and never take

off-road should give you a mini mum standover he i ght clearance of two i nches (5

cm) . A b ike that you'll ride on unpaved surfaces should give you a minimum of

three inches (7.5 cm) of standover he i ght clearance . And a bike that you 'll use off

road should give you four inches (10 ern) or more of clearance

2. Step-through Frame Bicycles

Standover height does not apply to bicycles with step-through frames . Instead , the l im iting dimension i s determined by saddle height range . You must be able to adjust your saddle position as described in B without exceeding the limits set by

the height of the top of the seat tube and the "Mi nimum Insertion" or "Maximum Extension " mark on the seat post.

B. Saddle Position

Correct saddle adjustment is an important factor in getting the most performance and comfort from your bicycle. If the saddle position is not comfortable for you, see your dealer. The saddle can be adjusted in three directions:

1 . Up and down adjustment. To check for correct saddle height (Fig. 3) :

• sit on the saddle;

• place one heel on a pedal;

rotate the crank until the pedal with your heel on it is in the down position and the crank arm is parallel to the seat tube . If your leg is not completely straight, your saddle height needs to be adjusted . If your hips must rock for the heel to reach the pedal, the saddle is too high . If your leg is bent at the knee with your heel on the pedal, the saddle is too low . Ask your dealer to set the saddle for your optimal riding position and to show you how to make this adjustment. If you choose to make your own saddle height adjustment:

fig. 3

o loosen the seat post clamp



rais e o r lower the seat post in the seat tube

o make sure the saddle is straight fore and aft Ore-tighten the seat post clamp to the recommended torque ( App endi x D or th e M anufa cturer's In s tr u ctio ns). Once the saddle is at the correct he i ght, make sure that the seat post does not project from the frame beyond its "Minimum Insertion" or "Maximum Extension" mark (Fig . 4 ).

NOTE: Some bicycles have a sight hole in the seat tube, the purpose of which is to make it easy to see whe ther the seat post is inserted i n the seat tube fa r enough to be safe . If your bicycle has such a sight hole, use it instead of the "Minimum Insertion" or "Ma x imum Extension " mark to make sure the seat post is inserted in the seat tube far enough to be visible through the sight hole.

If your bike has

an interrupted seat tube, as i s

the case on some suspension bikes , yo u must also make sure that the seat post is far enough into the frame so that you can touch it through the bottom of the interrupted sea t tube with the tip of you r finger without inserting your finger beyond its fi rst knuckle . ( Also se e NOTE above and Fi g. 5) .

WARNING: If your seat po s t i s not inserted in the s eat tub e a s

d es crib e d

you to lo s e control and fall.

i n B.1 above, the s eat post m a y br ea k, w h ich cou ld cause

2. Front and back adjustment. The saddle c an be adjusted forward o r bac k to help you get the optimal posi tion on the b ike . Ask your d e aler to set the s ad d le for your optimal riding position and to show you how to make this adjustme n t. If you choose to make your own front and back adjustment, make sure that the clamp mechanism is clamping on the straight p art of the s a ddle r ails and is not to u ching the curved part of the r ails , and that you are using the recom m ende d to r que on the clamping fastener(s) (Appendix D or th e Manufacture r's Instructions ) . 3 . Saddle a ngle adjustmen t. Most people prefe r a horizontal saddle; b ut s om e riders like the saddle nose angled up or down just a little. You r de a le r c a n ad j us t saddle angle o r teach you how to do i t. If you c hoos e to make your own s addl e angle adjustment and you have a single b olt saddle c lamp on your se a t p o s t, it is criti c al tha t you loos en th e clamp bolt s ufficie ntly to allow a ny se rration s on th e me chanism to dis e ngage befor e ch a n g ing th e sad d le's angl e, a nd then th at the serr ation s fully re- engage be fo re you tighten th e cla mp bo l t to th e r e co m m e n de d tor q u e ( Appendix D or the Manufactur er 's Instru c tions ).

WARNING: When mak i ng saddle a ngle adjustments

sad dle clamp, a lways check to make su r e that the se r rations

ma tin g surfac es of the c lamp are not wo rn. Worn s errations on the

with a si ngle


on the


clamp can allow the saddle to move, causing you to lose control and fall. Always tighten fasteners to the correct torque. Bolts that are too tight can stretch and deform. Bolts that are too loose can move and fatigue. Either mistake can lead to a sudden failure of the bolt, causing you to lose control and fall.

Note: If your bicycle is equipped with a suspension seat post, the suspension mechanism may require periodic service or maintenance. Ask your dealer for recommended service intervals for your suspension seat post.

Small changes in saddle position can have a substantial effect on performance and comfort. To find your best saddle position, make only one adjustment at a time.

p WARNING: After any saddle adjustment, be su r e that the saddle

~ adjusting mechanism is properly seated and tightened before riding. A loose saddle clamp or seat post clamp can cause damage to the seat post , or can cause you to lose control and fall. A correctly tightened saddle adjusting mechanism will allow no saddle movement in any direction . Periodically check to make sure that the saddle adjusting mechanism is properly tightened.

If, in spite of carefully adjusting the saddle height, tilt and fore-and-aft position, your saddle is still uncomfortable, you may need a different saddle design. Saddles, like people, come in many different shapes, sizes and resilience . Your dealer can help you select a saddle which , when correctly adjusted for your body and riding style, will be comfortable.

p WARNING: Some people have claimed that extended riding with a

~ saddle which is incorrectly adjusted or which does not support your pelvic area correctly can cause short-term or long-term injury t o nerves and blood vessels, or even i mpotence. If your saddle causes you pain, numbness or other discomfort , listen to your body and stop riding until you see your dealer about saddle adjustment or a different saddle.

C. Handlebar Height and Angle

Your bike is equipped either with a "threadless"

stem, which clamps on to the outside of the steerer tube , or with a "quill " stem, which clamps inside the steerer tube by way of an expanding binder bolt. If you aren't absolutely sure which type of stem your bike has, ask your dealer. If your bike has a "threadless" stem (Fig . 6) your dealer may be able to change handlebar height by moving height adjustment spacers from below the stem to above the stem, or vice versa. Otherwise,

you'll have to get a stem of

different length or rise.


fig . 6

Consult your dealer . Do not attempt to do this yourself, as i t requi r es spec i al knowledge. If your bike has a "qu i ll" stem ( Fig. 7 ) you can ask your dealer to adj ust the handl ebar height a bit by adjusting stem height. A quill stem has an etched or stamped mar k on its shaft which desig n ates the stem's "Minimum Insertion" or "Maximum Extension". Th i s ma rk must n o t be visible above the headset.

p WARNING: A quill stem's Minimum Insertion Mark must not b e

~ v is ibl e

above the top of th e head s et. If the stem is extended beyond

the Mi nimum Insertion Mark the stem may

break or damage the fork 's

steerer tube, whi ch could cau s e you to lose control

and fall.

p WARNING: On some bicycles , changing

the stem or stem height


~ affect the tension

creating inoperab l e.

away from the wheel r im when the stem or stem he i ght is changed,

of the front brake cable, locking

the front brake or

excess cable slack which can make the front b r ake


If the front brake pads move in

the wheel rim or out


brakes must be correctly adjusted

before you ride the bicycle.

Some bi c ycles a r e equipped with an adjustable angle stem . If your bi c ycle has an adjustable angle stem, ask your d ealer to show you how to adjust. Do not attempt to make the adjus tment you r self, as chang i ng s te m a ngle m ay also requi re adj ustments to the b icycle 's contr ols .

p WARNING: Always tighten fasteners to the correct

torque . Bolts that

~ are too ti ght can stretch and deform. Bolts that are too loose can

move and fatigue.

Ei ther mistake can lead to a sudden failure

bolt, c a using

you to lose control

and fall.

of the

Your dealer can also chang e th e a ngle o f the handle ba r o r b ar en d e xte nsions .

p WARNING: An insufficiently

ti ghtened stem clamp bolt, handlebar

~ clamp bolt or bar end extension clamping bolt may compromise

and fall .


action , wh ich could cause you to lose control


the front wheel of the bicycle

handleba r /stem

wheel, turn the hand lebars i n relation to the stem , or turn the bar end extensions i n relation to the handlebar, the bolts are insuffic i ently tighte ned.

between your legs and

attempt to twist the

assembly .

If you can twist the stem in relation to the front

D. Control Position Ad j ustments

Th e a ngl e of th e

br ake and s hift co ntrol l e v e rs an d th e ir p os i tion on the

handlebar s can b e c h a ng ed . Ask you r d ea le r to make th e a dju s tments fo r you . If you c ho ose to mak e your own c ontr o l lev er a ngl e adju stment, be su r e to re - tighte n the cla mp fa ste ne r s to the r eco mm e n ded to rqu e ( Append ix D or the Manufac turer's Instructions ) .


E. Brake Reach

Many bikes have brake levers which can be adjusted for reach. If you have small hands or find it difficult to squeeze the brake levers, your dealer can either adjust the reach or fit shorter reach brake levers.

p WARNING: The shorter the

brake lever reach, the more cri tica l

it is to

~ have correctl y adjusted

b r akes, so that full braking

power can be

applied within available brake lever travel. Brake lever travel


may result in serious

to apply full b r aking

po we r can result in loss of contro l,

injury or death.


4. Tec h

It's important to your safety, performance and enjoyment to understand how things work on your bicycle. We urge you to ask your dealer how to do the things described in this section before you attempt them yourself, and that you have your dealer check your work before you ride the bike. If you have even the slightest doubt as to whether you understand something in this section of the Manual, talk to your dealer. See a lso Appendix A, B, C and D .

A. Wheels

Bicycle wheels are designed to be removable for easier transportation and fo r repa i r of a tire puncture. In most cases, the wheel axles are inserted into slots, called "dropouts" in the for k and frame, but some suspension mountain bikes use what is called a "th r ough axle" wheel mounting system. If you h a ve a mounta in b ik e equipped wi th through ax le front or r e ar

whe e ls ,

m a ke s u r e th a t your dea l er has giv e n you th e manufa c ture r 's


wheel. If you don 't know what a thr ough ax l e is , ask your d e ale r. Wheels a r e secured in one of three ways:

n s tructions,

and follow th o s e wh e n i n s ta lling

or re movi n g

a thro ug h

axl e

A hollow axle with a shaft ("skewer") running

through it which has an

adjustable tension nut on one end and an over-center cam on the other ( Cam

Ac tion Sy s te m, Fi g .8

a & b )



• A hollow axle with a shaft ("skewer") running through it which has a nut on

a hex key, lock lever or other tightening device on the

one end and a fitting for

other (Through

Bolt, Fig. 9)

fig. 9

• Hex nuts or hex key bolts which are threaded on to or into the hub axle (Bolt- on Wheel, Fig. 10)


Your bicycle may be equipped with a different securing method fo r the front wheel than for the rea r wheel. D iscuss the wheel securing method for you r bicycle with yo ur deale r.

It is very important that you understand

the typ e of wheel securi ng

method on your bicyc le , that you know how to secure the wheels correctly ,

and that you know how to apply the correct clamping force that safely

secures the wheel.

and i nstallation, and ask h i m to give you any available. manufacturer 's


Ask your dea l er to instruct

you in correct wheel removal

p WARNING: Riding with

~ wheel to wobble

an improperly secured wheel can allow

which can cause serious

or fall off the bicycle,



or death . Therefore, it is essential th a t you :

1. Ask your dealer to help you make sure you know how to install and

remove your wheels safely.

2. Understand and apply the correct technique for clamping your wheel

in place .

3. Each time