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Evaluation book:

a. 196

b. 352

c. 379

d. 452

e. 350

a. 340

b. 156

c. 183

d. 256

e. 153

a. 357

b. 903

c. 330

d. 830

e. 930

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -43- Chapter Six

a. (-39)

b. 39

c. 507

d. (-177)

e. 52

and pressure 1.013 x 105 N/m2 the volume of such amount of gas at 30 C and

a. 57 Liter

b. 5.7 m3

c. 57 m3

d. 570 cm3

e. 570 Liter.

6. One liter of a gas at pressure 105 Pascal and at temperature 20 C then the

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -44- Chapter Six

1.4 x 105 Pascal the volume of such amount of gas at temperature (-32) C and

a. 9.7 Liter.

b. 97 m3

c. 7.9 m3

d. 97 Liter

8. A tank of stainless steel containing CO2 gas at zero degree Celsius and

pressure1.2 x 106 Pascal, then the internal pressure of the gas in the tank at 100

C is:(8)

d. 106 Pascal

amount of a gas at 20°C with its volume

a. 1 m3

b. 1.2 m3

c. 1.5 m3

d. 4 m3

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -45- Chapter Six

e. 2.5 m3

10. An air bubble of volume 7.7 m3 at 4°C at depth 15 m from the water surface of

a salty lake the density of its water is 1030 kg/m3. When such bubble reaches

the water surface at temperature 32°C and atmospheric pressure of value

a. 2.5 cm3

b. 12.9 cm3

c. 21.4 cm3

d. 23 cm3

e. 30 cm3

of the gas occurred, when the leakage process stopped, the mass of remainder

a. Zero.

b. 3/5 Kg

c. 1/3 Kg

d. 2/3 Kg

e. 5/3 Kg

12. The relation which relates the volume and pressure of a certain mass of gas at

a. Charlie’s law

b. Pressure law

c. Boyle’s law

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -46- Chapter Six

d. Newton’s Law

13. The relation between the pressure and volume of certain mass of gas at

a. P/V = constant

b. PV = constant

c. P2/V = constant

d. P – V = constant

e. P + V = constant

V100 − V0

a. α =

V0 × 100

PV

b. α =

T

c. ΔV = αPΔT

ΔV

d. α =

Px ΔT

V100 + V0

e. α =

V100 + 100

15. (730 cm3) of hydrogen gas at 92°C, the temperature at which its volume

a. 77 C

b. 280 C

c. 70 C

d. 553 C

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -47- Chapter Six

e. 300 C

16. A balloon filled with hydrogen gas has a volume 1000 cm3 at 27°C and

pressure 76 cm Hg, find the temperature at which its volume becomes 800 cm3

a. 1.12 C

b. 11.2 C

c. 112C

d. 284.2 C

e. 557.2 C

Evaluation book:

a) The force acting on the piston due to the motion of the gas

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -48- Chapter Six

Previous exams:

17. (Egypt 2002) If the pressure of a certain amount of gas is doubled, when the

temperature is constant, then the volume [will be doubled – will decrease to its

18. (Egypt 97) The pressure expansion coefficient of any gas at constant volume

Additional questions:

19. The volume of a fixed mass of a gas is directly proportional to (its temperature

constant mass).

Evaluation book:

P1 V1

a) The general law of gases states that: = ..............

P2 V2

C.

equals ………. m3

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -49- Chapter Six

P1 V1

a) Since the general gas law can be written in the form = .............

T1

b) And since the density (ρ) equals ………… (expressed in terms of the mass

c) Then one can write the general gas law in terms of the density of the gas in

……..

……………………….

…………..

………………………………….

d) Find the pressure (p) of the enclosed gas if the atmospheric pressure is Pa , P

= …………………………

Additional questions:

………

2. If a barometer is transferred to the top of a mountain above the sea level, the

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -50- Chapter Six

…..

What is meant by

Evaluation book:

pressure.

1 -1

2. (Azhar 2002) Pressure expansion coefficient is K

273

Previous exams:

Essay questions

Evaluation book:

Temperature C 0 25 50 75

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -51- Chapter Six

b) What is the relation between the gas volume and the temperature

readings?

c) The following readings in the table are obtained using the avobe

TC 0 30 50 75 90

ii. How can you deduce the relation between the volume of the gas and

iii. Using the obtained graph determine the temperature at which the

vlume of the gas becomes 12 cm3 then using this value and the

iv. From the results obtained in step (iii) calculate the temperature at

which the gas volume vanishes assuming that the relation between

the volume of the gas and its temperature still holding as in thepart

a) boyle’s law.

b) Charlie’s law.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -52- Chapter Six

c) Pressure law.

4. How can you theoretically determine the zero Kelvin (absolute zero)

Define each of the following physical quantities and write the unit

used to measure each of them

pressure. Write down the mathematical relation used in calculating its value.

1. (Egypt 2000) The mercury, which is, inserted in the glass bulb of Jollys

apparatus.

Give reasons

3. When gas laws are verified, the gas must be completely dry.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -53- Chapter Six

5. (August 99) The volume expansion coefficient of all gases at constant pressure

is constant.

1. The increase in volume per unit volume of a gas at 0°C for each one

pressure.

Essay questions

its volume?

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -54- Chapter Six

4. (Egypt 97, August 2001, Azhar 2002) Explain an experiment to show that

equal volumes of different gases expand equally when heated through the

5. (August 97) Draw a labeled diagram of the apparatus used to find the

relation between the gas volume and its temperature at constant pressure,

and write the main steps to find the coefficient of volume expansion of

pressure at 0°C for 1°C rise of temperature.

the relation between the volume (V) of a certain amount of a gas and its

relation.

apparatus.

Problems

Evaluation book:

3. A quantity of gas has volume 1200 cm3 at 27°C, what will be its volume

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -55- Chapter Six

[1600 cm3]

temperature 27°C. What will be the volume of such gas at pressure 1

[295 cm3]

m. Calculate its volume at the surface of the lake’s water considering the

the lakes water of length 10 meters and having density of 1000 kg/m3,

[30 cm3]

6. A uniform cross section capillary tube with one end (closed) contains a

the tube is held in a vertical position with the open end upward, the

and calculate the length of the air column confinded in the capillary tube

when it is held vertically with its open end downwards, why does the

7. The height of the mercury column in a barometric tube is 75 cm. the tube

has a uniform cross sectional area of 1 cm2, the space confined over the

pressure that when inserted in the space over the mercury surface causes

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -56- Chapter Six

[5.33 cm3]

of a mass one gram of hydrogen at 200°C and normal pressure, then

calculate the volume and density of the same mass when the pressure

9. The following table gives the data of an experiment to verify boyle’s law:

V (mm3) 2 2.5 5 10

b) State the relation that you can deduce from the graphical representation

c) From the obtained graph deduce the value of the gas volume at pressure

10. An air bubble of volume 0.2 cm3 in water at a depth of 20 m, find its

volume at the free surface of water given that the atmospheric pressure is

1.01 x 105 N/m2 and the density of water is 1000 kg/m3 and that the

11. A closed tank at 20°C is exposed to direct sun light such that its

atmospheric, calculate the final pressure assuming that the volume is kept

constant.

12. The piston in a diesel machine confines an amount of a gas at 27°C and at

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -57- Chapter Six

cm Hg.

[0.05466 V]

13. A tyre of a car wheel confines air at pressure 2.18 atmospheric in a day

where the temperature was (-3°C). Find the pressure of such air in the

kept constant.

[2.584 atmosphere]

14. A test tube is sealed at N.P.T then, its temperature is raised to 300 C what

cm Hg.

The temperature t, °C 15 40 x 80 90

Represent these results graphically, the temperature on the x-axis and the

16. Two glass bulbs (A) and (B) of volumes 200 and 500 cm3 respectively are

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -58- Chapter Six

the confined air when heating the larger flask up to 127°C while the

[92.52 cm Hg]

0°C the surface of the mercury in the branch connected to the bulb is

higher than in the free branch by 10 cm. When the liquid is heated to 63°

C, the mercury in the free surface become higher than that of the other

branch by 5 cm, when the liquid arrived to its boiling point, this increased

to 13.8 cm. Find the boiling point of this liquid considering the volume of

[99.96°C]

when its temperature is raised from 17°C by 100°C at constant pressure.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -59- Chapter Six

[7.25 cm3]

18. A container contains air at 0°C is cooled to (-91°C) its pressure becomes

[60 cm Hg]

19. If the volume of a certain mass of a gas at 39°C under pressure 720 torr is

750 cm3 calculate its pressure when its temperature changes to 13°C and

[550 torr]

5°C and pressure 1.013 x 105 Pascal, calculate the volume of such

21. One liter of gas at pressure 105 Pascal and at temperature 20°C find the

temperature (-32°C) and pressure 3.7x105 Pascal.

[7.9 m3]

23. A tank of stainless steel containing CO2 gas at zero degree Celsius and

pressure 1.2 x 106 Pascal, find the internal pressure of the gas in the tank

at 100°C.

[1.64x106 Pascal]

24. Calculate the density of a gas at 20°C and pressure 5x105 N/m2 given that

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -60- Chapter Six

[3.29 Kg/m3]

[60 cm Hg]

26. The volume of a gas is 450 cm3 at 7°C, P = 76 cm Hg. Its volume

Calculate the mass of hydrogen in the tank if the mass of one mole of

[0.0163 kg]

temperature 7°C Neglecting the expansion of the vessel calculate the

mass of air escape from it when opened and the pressure inside it is

changed to 72 cm Hg and its temperature changed to 63°C.

[2 gm]

10 m/s2 and the density of air is 1.25 kg/m3 at STP (neglect the expansion

of the beaker).

[2.55x10-3 N]

temperature 7°C when the bubble is raised to the point just below the

surface its volume becomes 3 cm3 where the temperature becomes 27°C

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -61- Chapter Six

and atmospheric pressure 1.013x105 N/m2. Calculate the depth of the lake

[18.24 m]

cm long at 10°C and 11 cm long at higher temperature. Calculate that

temperature. And the temperature at which the tube loses its ability to act

as a thermometer.

32. In Charles’s experiment the length of the trapped air at the melting point

of ice is 10.92 cm and 14.92 cm at 100°C. Calculate the coefficient of

[1/273 K-1]

33. A cylinder closed from its upper end is dipped vertically in water to a

depth 5 m. Calculate the height of water inside it given that the cylinders

volume is 500 cm3, area of the base 25 cm2 Pa = 105 N/m2. (considering

[6.577 cm]

34. An air bubble increases in size when raised from the bottom to the top of

depth of the lake if the volume of the bubble at the top 1.5 times its

[5 m]

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -62- Chapter Six

[90.4 cm Hg]

37. An air bubble of volume 0.5 cm3 lies at depth 30 m under water surface,

temperature.

[1.95 cm3]

[0.003648K-1]

[630 cm3]

40. A flask containing air is heated from 15°C to 87°C, find the ratio between

the volume of air that goes out from it to its original volume.

[25%]

41. A tyre contains air under pressure 1.5 atm. at temperature (-3°C) find the

[1.8 atm]

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -63- Chapter Six

cm3 and temperature 17°C. Find its volume when it just before it reaches

the surface of water at 27°C if Pa = 105 N/m2 and free fall acceleration =

10 m/s2.

[60 cm3]

43. An air bubble has a volume of 28 cm3 at a depth of 10.13 m. beneath the

water surface. Find its volume before reaching the surface of water

assuming that the temperature at a depth of 10.13 m is 7°C and that at

[60 cm3]

suddenly to 32 times its original volume and the pressure drops to 1 atm.

[Halved]

46. At the top of the mountain the reading of thermometer is 10°C the

barometer is 0.9 x 105 Pascal, while at its bottom the reading are 30°C

and 105 Pascal. Compare between density of air at the top and at the

[0.963:1]

47. An opened vessel containing air its temperature changes from 13°C to 27

°C and its pressure changes from 741 mm Hg to 760 mm Hg, the mass of

air decreases by 0.1 gram calculates the weight of air at the beginning

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -64- Chapter Six

[4.5x10-2N]

48. (10 liters) of Nitrogen gas under pressure 15 cm Hg at 45°C was mixed

mixing.

[120 cm Hg]

49. If the pressure of the gas in a constant volume gas thermometer is 75 cm.

[224.3°C]

50. Two bulbs A, B having volumes 20 cm2 are joined by a narrow tube have

neglected volume containing air. The temperature of A is 27°C under

[2.51875 Pa]

51. (AlAzhar 90) An air bubble at the bottom of a lake 50 m deep has a

[4.8 cm3]

52. (Sudan 93) Two bulbs having volume 600 cm3, 300 cm3, temperature of

27°C and pressure of 76 cm Hg. They joined together by a narrow tube of

neglected volume, and the temperature of the first bulb increased by 100°

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -65- Chapter Six

53. (Egypt 98) 10 liter of nitrogen gas under pressure 15 cm Hg at 25°C. was

the mixture becomes 120 Cm Hg. Calculate the volume of oxygen before

[9 liter]

54. (Azhar 2002) The following figure for a cylinder has fractional less

the right until the volume of the right side becomes half its value,

[100 cm Hg]

is 6.023 x 1023.

55. Uniform capillary tube closed at one end contains a quantity of dry air

end upward the length of the trapped air is 0.2 m. Calculate the pressure

and the length of the trapped air when the opened end of the tube is

downward.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -66- Chapter Six

Hydrogen at zero degree Celsius, then both are heated therefore the

volume of oxygen at 293 degree Kelvin becomes 1.073 liter while that of

hydrogen at 323 Kelvin becomes 0.591 liter, find the volume expansion

57. (Egypt 90) In an experiment to study the relation between the pressure of

T °C 0 20 30 60 70 80 90 100

c) Deduce the relation between the pressure of the gas and its temperature

58. Using the following data draw a relation between P and 1/V. From the

graph find: the limit value of pressure at which the gas obeys boyle’s law.

From the graph also find the values (a) and (b).

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -67- Chapter Six

T°C 100 90 80 70 60 30 20 0

graphical relation between temperature on the x axis and pressure on the y axis. From

T°C 99 83 63 43 27 3

P (cm Hg) 93 89 84 79 75 69

From the graph find the temperature in which the pressure vanish.

T°C 15 40 X 80 89

62. An experiment has been done using Jolly’s apparatus for studying the

change of pressure with temperature (°C) for a fixed mass of dry gas at

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -68- Chapter Six

Draw the graphical relation between temperature (in the x-axis) and pressure

0 2.7

Temperature C 0 30 50 75 90

b) How can you deduce the relation between the volume of the gas and

volume of the gas becomes 12 mm3, then using this value and the

P in mm Hg 76 81 87 93 98 1040

0 5 0 0 0

Temperature C 0 20 40 60 80 100

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -69- Chapter Six

c) Represent these results graphically and from which find the zero

volume.

0 0 0 0

constant volume the following data was obtained (y1 is the height of Hg in the

T °C 20 30 60 70 90 100

Y1 cm Hg 10 10 10 10 10 10

If the atmospheric presser is constant and equal 75 cm Hg, draw a graph between the

absolute pressure of the gas and its temperature and from the graph find:

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -70- Chapter Six

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -71- Chapter Six

Model Answer

Exercises 2008/2009

1

(b)

2

(b)

3

(a)

4

(a)

5

(e)

6

(c)

7

(c)

8

(c)

9

(b)

10

(c)

11

(b)

12

(c)

13

(b)

14

(a)

15

(a)

16

(b)

17

(a, b)

18

In the glass bulb in Jolly’s experiment there is 1/7 of its volume mercury to compensate the

increase in bulb’s volume when heated so that the volume of the remaining part is still constant.

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