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# EXERCISE

of side BC is

28
a. cm
5

24
b. cm
5

c. 4 cm

d. 5 cm

## Here AC= 18 cm, But AC = AP+PC

or AC = AP + 8

or AP =18-8 = 10 cm

## Since PQ parallel to AB, ,

In Triangle ABC ,
CP CQ
= (Basic proportionality theorem)
AP QB

8 CQ
or =
10 6

8 × 6 48 24
or CQ = = = cm
10 10 5

a. 4 cm

b. 9 cm

c. 6 cm

15
d. cm
4

Sol:

## Triangle ADF , EG parallel to AF

In
Therefore Triangle DGE Similar to DAF

DA DE
Therefore = (Basic proportionality theorem) … (1)
GA EF

## In Triangle ABC , E is the mid-point of BC and EG parallel to CA

Therefore G is the mid point of AB

1 1
Therefore AG = BG = AB = × 6 = 3 cm
2 2

Now, AG=BG=BD=3 cm

AB DE
From (1), we have =
AG EF

6 DE
or =
3 EF

DE
or 2 =
EF

or 2EF = DE

or DE = 2 EF

Now, DF=DE+EF

or DF=2EF+EF (Q DE=2EF)

or DF=3EF

or 12 = 3EF

12
or = EF
3

12
or EF = = 4 cm
3

a. 7 cm

b. 5 cm

c. 12 cm

## d. none of the above

Sol:
DE parallel to BC
Since
Therefore Triangle ADE Similar To Triangle ABC

AD AE
Thus =
DB EC

6 8
or =
9 x

or 6 x = 72

72
or x = = 12 cm
6

## 4. In figure 6-40, DE parallel to BC , If AD= x , DB= x − 2 , AE= x + 2 and

EC= x − 1 , then x is

a. 5

b. 7

c. 6

d. 4

## Sol: Correct option is (d)

DE parallel to BC
Since
Therefore Triangle ADE Similar to ABC
AE AD
Therefore =
EC DB

x+2 x
or =
x −1 x − 2

## By cross multiplication, we get

( x + 2)( x − 2) = x( x − 1)

or x 2 − 4 = x 2 − x

or −4 = − x

or 4 = x ⇒ x = 4

## 5. In a trapezium ABCD, AB parallel to DC and AB=7cm DC=14 cm, DE is

drawn parallel to AB cuts AD in F and AC in E. BE=3 cm and EC = 4cm. DB
intersects EF at G. Then length of FE is

a. 10 cm

b. 7 cm

c. 12 cm

d. 9 cm

## Sol: Correct option is (a)

In Triangle DFG and Triangle DAB

## Therefore Triangle DFG similar to Triangle DAB (AA similarity

criterion)

DF FG
Thus, = (Basic proportionality theorem) … (1)
DA AB

## But in trapezium, ABCD EF parallel to DC

AF BE
=
DF EC

AF 3
or = (Since BE=3 cm and EC= 4 cm)
DF 4

## Adding 1 to both sides, we get

AF 3
+1 = +1
DF 4

AF + DF 3 + 4
=
DF 4

AD 7
=
DF 4
DF 4
or = … (2)
AD 7

Since GE parallel to DC

## Triangle BEG Similar to Triangle BCD (AAA criterion of similarity)

BE EG
So, =
BC CD

3 EG
or = ( BE= 3 cm and EC = 4 cm)
3 + 4 CD

3 EG
or =
7 CD

EG 3
or =
CD 7

3 3
or EG = × CD = × 14 = 6 cm … (4)
7 7

## 6. In figure 6-42, AB parallel to EF parallel to CD . If EG=5cm, GC=10cm,

DC=18cm. Then EF is

a. 25 cm

b. 15 cm

c. 9 cm

d. 16 cm

## Sol: Correct option is (c)

EF parallel to DC
Since (AAA similarity)
Therefore Triangle EFG Similar toTriangle CDG

EF CD FG
So, = = (basic proportionality theorem)
EG CG DG

EF 18
or, =
5 10

18
or EF = × 5 = 9 cm
10

a. 6 cm

b. 8 cm

c. 10 cm

d. 9 cm

## Since Triangle ABC Similar to Triangle AQP

BC CA
Therefore = (Basic Proportionality Theorem)
PQ PA
12 CA
or =
8 6

12
or × 6 = CA
8

12 × 6
or CA = = 9 cm
8

a. 5

b. 2

c. 3

7
d.
9

## In figure 6-42, ED parallel to AB if

CD CE
= (Converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem)
BD EQ
x x+3
or =
9x − 8 9x + 7

## By cross multiplication, we get

x(9 x + 7) = (9 x − 8)( x + 3)

or 9 x 2 + 7 x = 9 x 2 − 8 x + 27 x − 24

or −12 x = −24

or 12 x = 24

24
or x = = 2 cm
12

9. In figure 6-45, ∠BAD = ∠CAD . If AC=4 cm, DC=8 cm and BC=26 cm, then
AB is

a. 12 cm

b. 8 cm

c. 13 cm

d. 9 cm

Here BD=BC-DC

or BD=26-8

or BD=18 cm

## Therefore AD is the bisector of ∠A .

AB BD
So, =
AC DC

AB 18
or =
4 8

18
or AB = × 4 = 9 cm
8

10. In figure 6-46 from the given values, one can say that

## d. none of the above

Sol: Correct option is (b)

AD 9
= … 91)
DB 4

AE 27
and =
EC 12

AE 9
or = … (2)
EC 4

## From (1) and (2), we have

AD AE
= (Equals of equals are equal)
DB EC

## Therefore By converse of basic proportionality theorem, we can say that

Triangle ADE Similar to Triangle ABC .

## 11. In figure 6-47, AD bisects ∠A and intersects BC in D. If BC=20 cm,

AC=20 cm and AB=5 cm then BD is:

a. 4 cm

b. 6 cm

c. 8 cm
d. 2 cm

## Since AD is the bisector of ∠A

DC AC
Therefore = (Angle bisector theorem) … (1)
BD AB

DC 20
or =
BD 5

DC
or =4
BD

DC
+1 = 4 +1
BD

DC + BD
or =5
BD

BC
or =5
BD

20
or =5
BD
20
or BD = = 4 cm
5

(i)

(ii) Find x

∠1 = ∠2 (Given)

## ∠ACB = ∠DEC (Common angle in both the triangle)

Therefore Triangle CAB Similar to Triangle CED (AA criterion of
similarity)

BC AB AC
Therefore = =
DC ED EC

BC AB
or =
CD DE

10 + 2 9
or =
8 x

12 9
or =
8 x

12 x = 9 × 6

9× 6
or x = =6
12

## 13. In figure 6-49, a vertical stick 10 cm long casting a shadow 6 cm long.

The height of the tower casting a shadow of length 30 m at the same time is:

75
a. m
2

b. 40 m

c. 50 m

d. 38 m

## Sol: Correct option is (c)

As the stick and the tower are casting shadows on the ground at the same
time.

## ∠ABC = ∠PRQ (each = 90o )

Triangle ABC Similar to Triangle PQR (A criterion of
similarity)

AB BC
So, = (Basic proportionality theorem)
PQ QR

10 6
or =
h 3000

h 3000
or =
10 6

3000
or h = × 10 = 5000cm = 50 m
6

a. 10 cm

b. 23 cm

c. 5 cm

d. 12 cm

## In right triangle PSR, we have

PS 2 + SR 2 = PR 2 (Pythagoras Theorem)

or 32 + 42 = PR 2

or 9 + 16 = PR 2

or 25 = PR 2

or PR = 25 = 5 cm

## Now in Triangle PQR

PQ 2 + PR 2 = QR 2 (Pythagoras Theorem)

or PQ 2 + 52 = 132

or PQ 2 + 25 = 169

or PQ 2 = 169 − 25 = 144

or PQ 2 = 144 = 12 cm

15. In figure 6-51 AE=DC=13 cm, BE=5 cm ∠ABC = 90o and AD=EC= x cm.
Then x is

a. 9 cm

b. 7 cm
c. 11 cm

d. 8 cm

## In right Triangle ABE

AB 2 + BE 2 = AE 2 (Pythagoras theorem)

or AB 2 = AE 2 − BE 2

## or AB 2 = 132 − 52 = 169 − 25 = 144

or AB = 144 = 12 cm

## Now, in right Triangle BCD

CD 2 = BD 2 + BC 2

or 132 = ( AB − AD) 2 + ( BE + EC ) 2

or 132 = (12 − x) 2 + (5 + x) 2

or 169 = 144 + x 2 − 24 x + 25 + x 2 + 10 x

or 169 = 169 + 2 x 2 − 14 x
or 2 x 2 − 14 x = 0

or 2 x( x − 7) = 0

or x = 0 or x − 7 = 0 ⇒ x = 7

## 16. In figure 6-52 is of Triangle ABC in which BD ⊥ AC and AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2 .

If BD= 15 cm and CD=9 cm, then AD is

a. 15 cm

b. 24 cm

c. 8 cm

d. 25 cm

## In Triangle ABC , it is given that

AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2

∠ABC = 90o

## Since, BD ⊥ AC , Therefore ∠CDB = 90o

Now, in Triangle ABC and Triangle CDB , we have

## Therefore Triangle ABC Similar to Triangle CDB (AA-criterion of

similarity) … (1)

## Therefore Triangle BDA Similar to Triangle ABC (AA-criterion of

similarity) .... (2)

## Triangle CDB Similar to Triangle BDA (Transitive property)

BD DC
Therefore =
DA BD

Cross-multiplying, we have

BD 2 = DC × DA

or BD 2 = CD × AD

## Substituting the given values of BD and CD in the above equation, we have

(15) 2 = 9 × AD

or 225 = 9 × AD

225
or AD = = 25 cm
9

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