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Jean Danilou

Jean Danilou
Jean-Guenol-Marie

His Eminence

Danilou, S.J.
Cardinal-Deacon of San Saba Church See Catholic Church Titular see of Taormina Orders Ordination Consecration 20 August 1938 19 April 1969 byCardinal Franois Marty

Created Cardinal 28 April 1969 Personal details Born 14 May 1905 Neuilly-sur-Seine, France 20 May 1974 Paris, France

Died

Society of Jesus History of the Jesuits Regimini militantis Suppression Jesuit Hierarchy Superior General Adolfo Nicols Ignatian Spirituality Spiritual Exercises Ad majorem Dei gloriam Magis Notable Jesuits St. Ignatius of Loyola St. Francis Xavier Blessed Peter Faber St. Aloysius Gonzaga St. Robert Bellarmine St. Peter Canisius St. Edmund Campion

Jean-Guenol-Marie Danilou, S.J., (14 May 1905 20 May 1974) was a Jesuit theologian, historian, cardinal and a member of the Acadmie Franaise.

Jean Danilou

Biography
Danilou was born at Neuilly-sur-Seine, son of Charles and Madeleine (ne Clamorgan). His father was an anticlerical politician, who served in the French government several times as a minister, and his mother was an educator and founder of institutions for women's education. His brother Alain (19071994) was a noted Indologist. Danilou studied at the Sorbonne, and passed his agrgation in Grammar in 1927. He joined the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1929, becoming a teacher, initially at a boys' school in Poitiers. He subsequently studied theology at Fourvire in Lyon under Henri de Lubac, who introduced him to patristics, the study of the Fathers of the Church. He was ordained a priest on 20 August 1938.[1] During World War II, Danilou served with the Arme de l'Air (Air Force) in 19391940. After the fall of France to Nazi Germany, he was demobilised and returned to civilian life. He completed his doctoral thesis on the spiritual doctrine of St. Gregory of Nyssa and received a doctorate of theology in 1942. At that time, he was appointed chaplain to the ENSJF, the female section of the cole Normale Suprieure, at Svres. He then began fulltime research in the field of patristics, and became one of the founders of the Sources Chrtiennes collection. In 1944 Danilou was named Professor of Early Christian History at the Institut Catholique de Paris, and later became dean. Beginning in the 1950s, he produced several historical studies, including The Bible and the Liturgy, The Lord of History, and From Shadows to Reality [2], that provided a major impetus to the development of Covenantal Theology. At the request of Pope John XXIII, he served as a peritus (expert consultant) to the Second Vatican Council. He was appointed a bishop by Pope Paul VI, for which the titular see of Taormina was created, being consecrated on 19 April 1969. A week later, on 28 April, he was named a cardinal by Pope Paul.[3] He was elected to the Acadmie Franaise on 9 November 1972, to succeed Cardinal Eugne-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant. His unexpected death in 1974, in the home of a prostitute, was very diversely interpreted. It was claimed by the Catholic Church that he was bringing money to pay for the bail of the prostitute's lover. The French Press and the general public however, remain cynical of the Cardinal's altruism.[4]

Bibliography
A number of his works on the early Church, abridged for a popular audience, remain in print. L'tre et le temps chez Grgoire de Nysse, Brill, Leyde, 1970 ; La Trinit et le mystre de l'existence, Descle de Brouwer, Paris, 1968 ; Les vangiles de l'enfance, Seuil, Paris, 1967 ; "L'glise des premiers temps : Des origines la fin du IIIe sicle", Seuil, Paris, 1963 ; Philon d'Alexandrie, Fayard, Paris, 1958 ; Les manuscrits de la Mer Morte et les origines du Christianisme, L'Orante, Paris, 1957 ; Les anges et leur mission, d'aprs les Pres de l'glise, Descle, Paris, 1952 ; Bible et liturgie, la thologie biblique des sacrements et des ftes d'aprs les Pres de l'glise, Cerf, Paris, 1951 ; Origne, Table ronde, Paris, 1948 ; Platonisme et thologie mystique: doctrine spirituelle de saint Grgoire de Nysse, Aubier, Paris, 1944; Dieu et nous (God and the Ways of Knowing), Bernard Grasset, Paris, 1956.

Other works Libretto for Stravinsky's Oedipus Rex: a Latin translation of Jean Cocteau's arrangement of Sophocles' original Oedipus the King.

Jean Danilou

References
[1] David M. Cheney. "Jean Gunol Louis Marie Cardinal Danilou, S.J." (http:/ / www. catholic-hierarchy. org/ bishop/ bdanielou. html). Catholic-hierarchy. . Retrieved 23 January 2011. [2] http:/ / www. amazon. com/ Shadows-Reality-Studies-Biblical-Typology/ dp/ 1461063515 [3] Salvador Miranda. "Danilou, S.J., Jean" (http:/ / www2. fiu. edu/ ~mirandas/ bios-d. htm#Danielou). The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. . Retrieved 23 January 2011. [4] Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: Weltweite Kirche, Christiania-Verlag, Stein am Rhein, 2000.

External links
Jean Danilou bio on IgnatiusInsight.com (http://www.ignatiusinsight.com/features2007/ ceolson_jdanielou_aug07.asp) Jean Danilou profile and books on Goodreads (http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/380538. Jean_Dani_lou) File on Cardinal Danilou on the Acadmie Franaise website (http://www.academie-francaise.fr/immortels/ base/academiciens/fiche.asp?param=645)

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


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