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Introduc)on

The main ques)on in Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is..

In groups come up with the best way of pu@ng the knowledge claims into dierent groups Come up with a criteria that separates the various knowledge claims. Send one missionary out to other groups to discuss and debate other approaches to the problem. Try to convince the group that your criteria is a more valid. Back to original group and discuss Put on the board the 4 WOK and decide which of the statements t into which category Emhasize conclusions Knowledge is aNained through various means.

Think cri)cally about subjects youre

studying Ask good ques)ons Using language with care and precision Support your ideas with evidence Argue coherently and make sound judgments

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

All men have opinions but few think George Berkeley 1685-1753 To know ones ignorance is the best part of knowledge Lao Tzu 565 BCE It is the customary fate of new truths to begin as heresies and to end as supers))ons T.H.Huxley 1832-1895 A very popular error having the courage of your convic)ons; rather it is a maNer of having the courage for an aNack upon ones convic)ons Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900

We live in a strange and perplexing world.

Despite the explosive growth of knowledge in recent decades, we are confronted by a bewildering array of contradictory beliefs. Consider the following.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

For example Common sense consists of liNle more than vague and untested beliefs OYen based on prejudice, hearsay, blind appeals to authority Also what seems like common sense becomes less and less obvious the closer you look at it

Some people believe knowledge to be common sense. Whilst common sense provides us with a coherent picture of the world it does have limita)ons

We all have what is called a mental map of

reality which includes our ideas of what is true and what is false, what is reasonable and what is unreasonable, what is right and what is wrong etc. Although no one but a fool would tell you to rip up your mental map and abandon your everyday understanding of things, you should at least occasionally be willing to subject it to cri)cal scru)ny.


1. 2. 3. 4.

Students draw a map of the world Analyse the results of cultural bias The map is not the territory

3 things you believe to be true 3 things your parents taught you to believe 3 things you think are morally wrong 3 things that you love about your country of origin? Also answer these ques)ons 1. What countries have you lived in? 2. What languages do you speak? 3. Favourite music? 4. Favourite book? 5. What do you think is the most important thing in life? Why? 6. Why do you think we and the rest of the universe exist?

Pass round to other members of the group Discuss Rip up

1. 2. 3.

Think of as many dierent ways as you can in which the world map shown is Inaccurate Based on arbitrary conven)ons Culturally biased

The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the le again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.