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Ysa Chandna October 23rd 2O12 Prof.

Rogaia Abusharaf War Ethnography Saviours & Survivors: Darfur, Politics and the War on Terror Book Review 2 Whilst it has been said time & again that the international community must play a crucial role in stopping the genocide in Darfur. Mahmood Mamdanis Saviours & Surv ivors: Darfur, Politics and the War on Terror actually sheds light on all the in ternational involvement that has already taken place in Darfur.This included the creation of tribes deliberately in Darfur to serve British political interests. The government since then has tried to ineffectively handle the problem, and du e to the political turmoil engulfing Khartoum, inadequate & disjointed efforts h ave only muddied further the water. Libyan- US conflict over Chad spilled border s. In effect, Mamdani uniquely argues that the genocide is only a distraction from the wests failed policies of the past and present. Outlined are the most essential concepts highlighted by Mamdani in Saviours & Su rvivors: the history of Sudan, media, misconceptions about Darfur, the coup detat , religion, the North- South divide, Sudan-Egypt relations and China. History Media and Misconceptions about Sudan Mamdani points out that most writing about Sudan are those that are not experts on the subject. What makes it worse is that when mistakes are made in reporting, they are deemed acceptable. Specialists for Africa are limited, and those speci alizing on Africa, really truly generalise on Africa, they are not the Sudan Speciali sts like one would have China or Russia specialists. They generalise about an ent ire continent, not a country. Furthermore, Julie Flint reporting for the The Independent highlighted the fact the when the media did begin reporting about the Darfur crisis, the death toll h ad already begun to decrease. It only made sense for the international community , led by nations losing wars in neighbouring nations, to throw the blame on Suda n. He highlights in Globalising Darfur that the misconception of Darfur was that it w as all Africans versus all Arabs and this simply was not true. Coup detat The Islamic rulers which overthrew the government, led by Col Bashir, promised c oncrete changes for Darfur. They worked that the Arabs and Fur get along and ini tially it seemed promising when a peace protocol was signed. Less than 1O years later, the situation was almost worse than it was at the conflicts onset. North- South Divide & Religion Mamdani writes that, all hues of nationalists in northern Sudan saw Britains southe rn policiy as an attempt to thwart the development of the Sudanese nation and wer e united in opposition to it. But then Mamdani describes the irony of the North-S outh divide. The North wanted the South to join so they could build together as a strong unified nation. The story which followed later, especially in the last decade, thus is only more tragic. Religion, too, then played an integral role in distancing the north and south. T he North attempted to use Islam to unite the south using religion. This only dis tanced them further. Sudan-Egypt Relations Most of the knowledge of Egypt-Sudans earlier bilateral relations, especially tho se of the socio-economic ties, built on slavery are mostly sourced from Ibn Butl

an. Most of the Turks were recruited as soldiers, and the Sudanese as slaves. Th is relation of domination existed and that is why the British preferred to consu lt with Egypt when working on the colonial exit-strategy. China Mamdanis views on China are perhaps the most refreshing part of this book. He cla ims that whilst the world criticizes China on cracking down on its domestic prot estors, but when the west lead their armies into mass killings in lands afar the y are excused. China had yet to learn that what scandalises the democratic world is suppressing protests at home, not killing people abroad.