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Route of US Conduct: US Foreign Policy towards Muslim World from Its Independence

During the cold war US enjoyed good relations and supports against USSR and communism during cold war but as USSR and communism collapsed suddenly US changed its attitude and policy about Muslim world and Islam. Different surveys show the how US is unpopular in Muslim world without any difference of liberal, democratic, hardcore, islamist, secular Muslims. Vice-versa, Islam and Muslims are now blaming many problems in west for different problem in world, specially security. As the USSR challenged to West in all sphere of power including ideology and military US emerged custodian of Western values and buildup a

global alliance with Muslim world to contain USSR. But as the US collapsed US think-tank, politicians, diplomats, social and religious groups pointed out Muslims and Islam as the enemy of west. 9/11, Iraq war and Afghan war gave the

opportunity to sharpen their attack against Islamic world and Islam. This is quit interested that when US was forwarding towards its independence, in the same time Muslim world was marching headed for technological and military inferiority and loosing the wars. disintegration, As US got

independence it tried to established relation with some countries of Muslim world. In the beginning , US was not able to influence the world because large part was the colonial colonies of European countries so was not so much ambitious to

dominate the world. At that time also there was not any rivalry between Islam and West Here the question is that how it is possible that converted in foe just within 2 years of USSR collapse decades long partnership and it could not prolong

like Europe and US alliance or there was something wrong in the route of US policy which Muslim world could not understand during engagement with US. Was US biased because of long rivalry between Muslim world and Christianity and this partnership was only temporary. To understand the whole US foreign

policy about Muslim world, there is a need to understand their approaches, debated, media perception and political parties agenda since US independence. This paper would search out US foreign policy towards Muslim world since its independence and will analyze in three layers as (1) contents of President and foreign secretary speeches, debates in US senate and congress about Muslim world, (2) Contents of News papers about Muslim world and (3) US government action like different agreements in political, military social and economic areas. Paper would also explore ups and down in US and Muslim world relations. The study would cover the period from US independence (1776) t o beginning of world war 2 (1939). towards Muslim worlds

Aims and Objectives: To study US policy towards Muslim world from its independence.

Database and Methodology:

The study would be mainly based on secondary data. Most of that data and information which will utilized in the present study would be spatio-temporal in nature. These data

mainly pertain to the period starting from US Independence to beginning of world war 2. These data would be collected at both country and regional scale. The study would be based on empirical historical, comparative, descriptive methods and critical qualitative assessment of the description of events and political developments in the study regions. The proposed nature of the present research itself would explain the

methodology of research. As the study requires an upto-date and in-depth analysis of the relevant material to bring about a clear understanding of the subject; therefore; all relevant points will be synthesized to present a defined framework. An exhaustive survey of relevant literature and data would be carried out using other serious including internet for critical evaluation of issues and debate surrounding the US-Muslim world relations. Several case studies would be studied to support some of the arguments in the present investigation. Different perspectives of the regional and global powers would be suitably analysed for clear understanding of Muslim world and US policies issues. Though a lot of secondary data is involved in the analysis and study of regional issues but priority is given to government data of the regional states. Bibliography:

Cappon, Lester J., et al., editors. The Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760-1790. Princeton University Press, 1976.

Greene, Evarts B., and Virginia D. Harrington. American Population Before the Federal Census of 1790. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932 Holst, Donald W. "Eighteenth Century Military and Naval Terms." Military Collector and Historian, 31 (Spring 1979), pp. 4-7 Blanco, Richard L. The War of The American Revolution: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Published Sources. New York: Garland Publishing, 1984. Butler, John P. Index to the Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 5 vols. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, 1978. Clark, David Sanders. Index of Maps of the American Revolution in Books and Periodicals: Illustrating the Revolutionary War and Other Events of the Period 1763-1789. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974. Clark, H.C. "Report on Publication of Revolutionary Military Records." In the American Historical Association Annual Report for 1915, pp. 193-199. Gephart, Ronald M. Revolutionary America 1763-1789: A Bibliography. 2 vols. Washington: Library of Congress, 1984. ----. Periodical Literature on the American Revolution: Historical Research and Changing Interpretations 1895-1970, A Selective Bibliography. Washington: Library of Congress, 1971. ----. "Revolutionary America, 1763-1789: A Bibliography." Ph.D. Dissertation, Northwestern University, 1980.
FROM COLONY TO SUPERPOWER U.S. Foreign Relations Since 1776By George C. Herring Oxford University Press. The American Way of Strategy:U.S. Foreign Policy and the American Way of life By Michael Lind, Oxford , 2006