Anda di halaman 1dari 19

Listening Section 1 euestions t-lo

W t-to Questions

Complete the table below. Write ONE WORD ANDIOR A NUMBER for each answer

;;;;' i;:;;; ;. ;;;i',,i


i ini :i; i:::,:
.i;;

..:. :: Hostelling International West End Example10 minutes from downtown by

iiiiriiiiiii
$50 per nightbut only
Sl fnr

members Answer ..........h,11p..........

Membership offers card discount entry on to 2................ Internet access costs$3 p e r3 . . . . . . . . . .

Hostel

Nearbeach.Two-minute walk to 5 ................

extrabutonly $62.Meals available in 6 ..........................

Was built as a hotelin 7 .......................... Gan hire 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .f.r.o.m. . . . hostel

BackpackersHostel

ln9

$45 plus $5 for breakfasr

district

A 1 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o.n. . . . . . . . . everyfloorfor guests to


USE

154

Test6

Listening Section t

11-20 Listening Section 2 Questions


W 11-15 Questions

=relthe map below. J;-,;,ss"FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letten A-H, next to questions 11-15.

A B C D E F G H

biography fiction magazines newspapers non-fiction photocopiers referencebooks study area

CAF

-----F--I I I l 1 I I _____t____ I

12......... ISSUE DESK

11.........

Lirtening Section 2

Test6

| 155

W
16

12o Questions

Choose the correct letter.A. B or C. After two years, librarymembers have to A B C 17 show proof of their current address. pay for a new membership card. bring a passportor identitycard into the library.

What happensif you reservea book? A B C lt will be availableafter five days. You can collect it a week later. Youwill be contactedwhen it is available.

18

Which materialscan be borrowedfor one week onlv? A B C some referencebooks CD-ROMs children's DVDs

19

On which day does the librarystay open laterthan it used to? A B Wednesday Saturday Sunday

20

Largebags should be left on the A B C first floor. second floor. third floor.

'

rs6 |

Test 6

Listening

Listening Section 3 euesrions 2t-so


Questions 21-25
the correct lette4 A, B or C.

Whydid Anitaand Leechoose talk aboutJohnChapman? to A B C He was Lee'schildhood hero. Theywantedto talkaboutthe USA. He was relevant the topicof theirstudies. to

Where the students did record theirsources information? of A B C on theirlaptops on a handout on a database

Thetutorclaimsshedoesnot understand whether A B C grewin America beforeEuropeans .apples arrived. the Native Americans always had eatenapples. American apples werefirstbredin Europe.

Thetutorsaysthe audience particularly was interested hearabout to A B C grafting techniques ancient in China. the cultivation applesin Kazakhstan. of thespread apples of along SilkRoute. the

HowwillAnita andLeepresent theirfollow-up work? A B C on the department website as a paper as a.poster

2ffi Quesfions
do LeeandAnitaagree abouttheirpresentation skillswiththeirtutor? thecorrectletter, B or C, next to questions A, 26-50. excellent acceptable poor skills
use of equipment handlingsoftware timing of seciions design of handout clarityof speech

Section 3

Tesr6 | IJT

grq Listening Section 4 eue.sfions


@ 314 Questions

Complete the table below. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.

Procedure moreyellowaddedto greencolour of 31.......... gum cheweduntilit is 33..............


SUOAT

Gause
braininfluenced product by presentation

sweetness necessary mintiness for

t h e na q a i n i t h w

samedrinktastedcold and at room

temperatureaffectssweetness

temoerature
crispseatenin roomswhich were sound affectstaste perceptions

36
varietyof cheesesauces prepared 38............... perceptions affects taste

brainis fillingthe taste 'gap'

158

Test6

ListeningSectim

Reading PassageI
':,.s should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage1 below.

madeit unique. Themost remarkablefeature of is chameleons their ability to changecolour,an ability rivalled only by cuttlefish and octopi in of the animal kingdom. Because this, colour is apart not the best thing for telling chameleons are and different species usuallyidentified based on the patterning and shapeof the head,and In the arrangementof scales. this caseit was the nose. on bulge of scales the chameleon's Chameleons ableto use colour for both are by communicationand camouflage switching from bright, showy colours to the exact Theyshow an colour of a twig within seconds. extraordinaty tange of colours, from nearly black pinks and greens,even to bright blues,oranges, severalat once.A popular misconceptionis that can chameleons match whateverbackground red they are placedon, whether a chequered and yellow shirt or a Smartie* box. But each set has species a characteristic of cellscontaining pigment distributed over their bodiesin a specificpattern, which determinesthe range of coloursand patterns they can show.To the great disappointmentof many children,placing a chameleonon a Smartiebox generallyresults confused,dark gteyor mottled in a stressed, chameleon. are Chameleons visual animalswith excellent eyesight,and they communicatewith colour. encounter When two male dwarf chameleons
*SmartiesrM sugar-coated chocolates in a range are of bright colours.

known species of lihereare more than 1-60 hameleons. Themain distribution is in Africa and and M4dagascar, other tropical regions, althoughsomespecies also found in parts of are southernEuropeand Asia. Thereare introduced populations in Hawaii and probably in California and Florida too. New speciesare still discoveredquite frequently. Dr Andrew Marshall, a conservationist from York University, was surveying monkeys in Tanzania, when he stumbled acrossa twig snakein the Magomberaforest which, frightened, coughed and fled. Thougha colleague up a chameleon of him not to touch it because the persuaded it risk from venom, Marshall suspected might and took a photograph to send be a new species, who confirmedhis suspicions. to colleagues, on er Kinyongi a magomb ae,literally "the chamele is from Magombera", the result, and the fact it was not easyto identify is preciselywhat

Reading Passaget

b6

I t59

rangeofbrown and greenbackgroundcolours than grasslands, forest-dwellingspecies so might side-onwith their bodiesflattened to appearas be expectedto havegreaterpowersof colour large as possibleand to show off their colours. change.Instead,the maleswhosedisplaycolours This enables them to assess eachother from a are the most eye-catching show the greatest distance.If one is clearlysuperior,the other colour change.Their displaysare composedof quickly changes submissive to colouration,which coloursthat contrast highly with eachother as is usuallya dull combination of greysor browns. well as with the backgroundvegetation.This If the opponentsare closelymatchedand both suggests that the species that evolvedthe most maintain their bright colours,the contestcan impressivecapacities colour changedid so to for escalate physicalfighting and jaw-locking,each enablethem to intimidate rivals or attract mates to trytngto push eachother along the branch in rather than to facilitate camouflage. a contestof strength. Eventually,the loser will How do we know that chameleondisplaycolours signalhis defeatwith submissivecolouration. are eye-catching another chameleon- or, to Females also haveaggressive displaysused to for that matter, to a predatorybird? Getting repel male attempts at courtship.When courting a view from the perspective chameleons of or a female,malesdisplaythe samebright colours their bird predatorsrequiresinformation on that they use during contests.Most of the time, the chameleon's bird's visual systemand or femalesare unreceptiveand aggressively reject an understandingof how their brains might malesby displayinga contrastinglight and dark process visual information. This is because the colour pattern, with their mouths open and perceivedcolour of an object dependsas much on moving their bodiesrapidly from side to side.If the brain'swiring as on the physicalproperties the male continuesto court a female,she often of the objectitself. Luckily,recent scientific chases and bites him until he retreats.Therange advances havemadeit possibleto obtain such of colour changeduring femaledisplays,although measurements the field, and information on in impressive, not as great as that shown by is visual systemsof avariety of animalsis becoming males. increasingly available. M"ry peopleassumethat colour changeevolved to enablechameleons match a greatervariety to of backgrounds their environment. If this was in the case, then the ability of chameleons change to colour should be associated with the rangeof backgroundcoloursin the chameleon's habitat, but there is no evidence such a pattern. For for example,forest habitats might have a greater The spectacular diversity of coloursand ornaments in nature has inspired bioiogists for centuries.But if we want to understandthe function and evolution of animal colour patterns, we needto know how they are perceived the by - or their predators.After all, animalsthemselves camouflage and conspicuousness in the eyeof are the beholder.

eachother, eachshowsits brightest colours.They puff out their throats and presentthemselves

160

Test6

Reading Passage

Cuestions1-4
a,'t: er the questionsbelow. /, I - ::se NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer. t\\,.-a /our answersin boxes 1-4 on vour answersheet. '/Vhat live kind of climatedo most chameleons in? , from an undiscovered species? Whichanimalcaughta chameleon What was the new species named after?
t

Which part of the body is uniqueto the speciesKinyongiamagomberae?

Ctresfions 5-13
given in ReadingPassage 1? l': :-e following statements agreewith the information ^ : : (es 5-13 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE FALSE
NOT GIVEN

if the statement agrees with the information if the statement contradicts the information if there is no information on this

Few creaturescan change colour as effectivelyas cuttlefish. can imitatea patternprovidedthereare only two colours. Chmeleons appearto enjoytryingout new colours. Chameleons comoete. Sizemattersmorethan colourwhen malechameleons of Aftera fight,the defeatedmale hidesamong branches a tree. males. to Females use colourand movement discourage changecolourhas been provedwrong. The popularexplanation why chameleons of habitats than in others. of in Thereare more predators chameleons grassland them from their habitat. removing Measuring animals'visualsystemsnecessitates

ReadingPassageI

Test6 | tot

Reading Passage 2
Youshould spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1426, which are based on Reading Passage2 below.

ThePutsuit ot
Happine.ts
A In the late 1990s, psychologist Martin Seligman of the University of Pennsylvania urged colleagues to observe optimal moods with the same kind of focus with which they had lor so long studied illnesses:we would never learn about the full range of human functions unless we knew as much about mental wellness as we do about mental illness. A new generation of psychologists built up a respectable body of research on positive character traits and happiness-boosting practices. At the same time, developments in neuroscience provided new clues to what makes us happy and what that looks like in the brain. Self-appointed experts took advantage of the trend with guarantees to eliminate worry, stress,dejection and even boredom. This happiness movement has provoked a great deal of opposition among psychologists who observe that the preoccupation with happiness has come at the cost of sadness,an important feeling that people have tried to banish from their emotional repertoire. Allan Horwitz of Rutgers laments that young people who are naturally weepy after

breakups are often urged to medicate themselves instead of working through their sadness.Wake Forest University's Eric Wilson fumes that the obsessionwith happiness amounts to a "craven disregard" for the melancholic perspective that has given rise to the greatest works of art. "The happy marr." he writes. "is a hollow man."

B
After all, people are remarkably adaptable. Following a variable period of adjustment, we bounce back to our previous level of happiness, no matter what happens to us. (There are some scientifically proven exceptions, notably suffering the unexpected loss of a job or the loss of a spouse. Both events tend to permanently knock people back a step.) Our adaptability works in two directions. Because we are so adaptable, points out Professor Sonja Lyubomirsky of the University of California, we quickly get used to many of the accomplishments we strive for in life, such as landing the big job or getting married. Soon after we reach a milestone, we start to feel that something is missing. We begin coveting another worldly possessionor eyeing a social advancement. But such an approach keeps us tethered to a treadmill where happiness is always just out of reach, one toy or one step away. It's possible to get off the treadmill entirely by focusing on activities that are dynamic, surprising, and attentionabsorbing, and thus less likely to bore us than, say, acquiring shiny new toys.

162

Test 6

Reading Passage t

c
Moreover, happiness is not a reward for escaping pain. Russ Harris, the author of TheHappiness Trap, calls popular conceptions of happiness dangerous because they set people up tor a "struggle against reality". They don't acknowledge that real life is full of disappointments, Ioss, and inconveniences. "If you're going to live a rich and meaningful Iie," Harris says, "you're going to feel a full range of emotions." Action toward goals other than happiness makes people happy. It is not crossing the finish line that is most rewarding, it is anticipating achieving the goal. University of Wisconsin neuroscientist Richard Davidson has found that working hard toward a goal, and making progress to the point of expecting a goal to be realised, not only activates positive feelings but also suppresses negative emotions such as fear and depression.

E Besides, everyonecan put on a happy face. not BarbaraHeld, a professor psychology Bowdoin of at College, rails against"the tyranny of the positive
attitude". "Looking on ttre bright side isn't possitrle

for some people and is even counterproductive," she insists. "When you put pressure on people to cope in away that doesn't fit them, it not only doesn't work, it makes them feel like a ailure on top of already feeling bad." The one-size-flts-all approach to managing emotional life is misguided, agrees Professor Julie Norem, author of ThePositive Power of NegativeThinking. In her research, she has shown that the defensive pessimism that anxious people feel can be harnessed to help them get things done, which in turn makes them happier. A naturally pessimisticarchitect, for example, can set low expectations for an upcoming presentation and review all of the bad outcomes that she's imagining,

D
We are constantly making decisions, ranging from what clothes to put on, to whom we should marry not to mention all those flavors of ice cream. We base many of our decisions on whether we think a particular preference will increase our well-being. Intuitively, we seem convinced that the more choices we have, the better off we will ultimately be. But our world of unlimited opportunity imprisons us more than it makes us happy. In what Swarthmore psychologist Barry Schwartz calls "the paradox o choice," facing many possibilitiesleavesus stressed out - and less satisfied with whatever we do decide. Having too many choices keeps us wondering about all the opportunities missed.

so that she can prepare carefully and increase her chances of success.

F By contrast, an individual who is not living according to their values, will not be happy, no matter how much they achieve. Some people, however, are not sure what their values are. In that caseHarris has a great question: "Imagine I could wave a magic wand to ensure that you would have the approval and admiration of everyone on the planet, forever. What, in that case, would you choose to do with your life?" Once this has been answered honestly, you can staft taking steps toward your ideal vision of yourself. The actual answer is unimportant, as long as you're living consciously. The state of happiness is not really a state at all. It's an ongoing personal experiment.

ReadingPassage 2

Test6

| t63

Questions1419
Passage hassix paragraphs, 2 A-F. Reading paragraph the Which mentions following? A-F, in boxes14-19on your answersheet. Writethe correctletter, NB Youmay useanylettermore thanonce. 14 15 16 17 18 19 to what matters them to the needfor individuals understand really tension resulting froma widevariety alternatives of the hopeof success a means overcoming as of unhappy feelings people who callthemselves specialists human beings' capacity coping for withchange doingthings whichareinteresting themselves in

Questions20 and 21
A-8. ChooseTWO letters, sheet. Writethe correct/ettersin boxes20 and 21 on your answer people for happiness? TWOof thefollowing argue against aiming constant Which A B Martin Seligman EricWilson Lyubomirsky Sonja RussHarris BarrySchwartz

c
D E

164

Test 6

Reading

Cuestions22 and 23
A-E. TWOletters, 1,":,cse sheet. 'irrrr-:3 corect letters boxes22 and23 on youranswer in ffis in as ,'r,i'- TWOof the following are beliefs identified mistaken the text? ch A B
than earnedwealth. wealthbringsless happiness lnherited Social status affects our perceptionof how happy we are. outlookensuressuccess. An optimistic can Unhappiness and shouldbe avoided. Extremes emotionare normalin the young. of

c
D E

Ouesfions24-26
below. 1.:nplete the sentences l;-:ose NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the passage for each answer ,\':e your answers boxes24-26 on your answer sheet. in

24

of ln orderto havea completeunderstanding how people'smindswork, MartinSeligman as closelyas it does our our most positive shouldexamine that research suggested problems. psychological

to at Soon afterarriving a............ in their lives,peoplebecomeaccustomed what they have and havea sensethat they are lackingsomething. achieved Peoplewho are for a oresentation. by natureare more likelyto succeedif they makethoroughpreparation

2 ReadingPassage

Tec 6

Reading Passage 3
hu should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 274O, which are based on Reading Passage3 below.

the land-dwellers'shareof the planet shrinks even more toward insignificance: than Io/o the total. less of Most of the oceans' enormousvolume,lies deep below the familiar surface.The upper sunlit layer,b1. one estimate, containsonly 2 or 3% of the total space availableto life. The other 97o/o the earth'sbiosphere of lies deepbeneaththe water'ssurface,where sunlight neverpenetrates. Until recently,it was impossibleto study the deep oceandirectly. By the sixteenthcentury, diving bells allowedpeopleto stayunderwaterfor a short time: they could swim to the bell to breatheair trapped underneath it rather than return all the way to the surface. Later,other devices, including pressurized or
Fffi ffi* * g tr%p ffipp#trru rupffi w.qe^

.*..4-&s edbRe&4

armoredsuits,hear,lz metal helmets,and compressed air suppliedthrough hosesfrom the surface,.allowed at leastone diver to reach500 feet or so. It was 1930when a biologistnamedWilliam Beebe and his engineering colleague Otis Barton sealedthemselves into a new kind of diving craft, an invention that finally allowed humans to penetrate beyondthe shallowsunlit layer of the seaand the history ofdeep-sea explorationbegan.Science then waslargelyincidental- somethingthat happened along the way. In terms of technical ingenuity and human bravery,this part of the story is every bit as amazingasthe history of early aviation. Yet many of theseindividuals, and the deep-diving vehiclesthat they built and tested,are not well known. It wasnot until the 1970s that deep-divingmanned submersibles were ableto reachthe MidoceanRidge and begin making major contributions to a wide range of scientificquestions. burst of discoveries A followed in short order.Several ofthese profoundly changed whole fields of science,and their implications are still not fully understood.For example, biologistsmay now

\dRe%&

At a time when most think of outer space the as flnal frontir, we must remember that a great deal of unfinishedbusiness remainshere on earth.Robots crawl on the surfaceof Mars, and spacecraft our exit solarsystem, most of our own planethasstill but neverbeen seenby human eyes. seems It ironic that rveknow more about impact craterson the far side of the moon than aboutthe longestand largestmountain rangeon earth.It is amazingthat human beings crossed quarterof a million miles of space visit a to our nearest celestial neighborbeforepenetrating just trvo miles deep into the eartht own watersto explore the MidoceanRidge.And it would be hard to imagine a more significant part of our planet to investigate- a chain of volcanicmountains42,000miles long where most of the earth's solid surface wasborn, and where vastvolcanoes continueto create new submarine landscapes. The figure we so often seequoted - 7Io/o the of earth's surface- understates oceans'importance. the If i-ou considerinsteadthree-dimensional volumes,

66

Test 6

Reading Passage 3

be seeing- in the strangecommunities of microbes and animals that live around deepvolcanic vents c\uesto the orgn o{\fe on earth. No one evenknew that thesecommunities existedbefore explorersbegan diving to the bottom in submersibles. Entering the deep,black abysspresentsunique for challenges which humans must carefully prepareif they wish to survive. It is an unforgiving environment, both harsh and strangelybeautiful, that few who have Even not experiencedit firsthand can fully appreciate. the most powerful searchlightspenetrateonly tens of particles scatterthe light and water feet. Suspended itselfis far lesstransparentthan air; it absorbsand scatterslight. The oceanalso swallowsother types of electromagneticradiation, including radio signals. That is why many deep seavehiclesdanglefrom tethers.Inside those tethers,copper wires or fiber optic strandstransmit signalsthat would dissipateand die if broadcastinto open water. Another challengeis that the temperaturenear the bottom in very deepwater typically hoversjust rarely four dgrees abovefreezing,and submersibles havemuch insulation. Sincewater absorbsheat more quickly than air, the cold down below seemsto penetratea diving capsulefar more quickly than it

would penetrate,say,a control van up above,on the deck of the mother ship. An fina\, the aloyss c\amps down uith crusbsng pressureon anything that entersit. This force is like air pressureon land, exceptthat water is much heavier than air.At sealevel on land, we dont even notice 7 atmosphereofpressure,about 15 pounds per square inch, the weight of the earth'sblanket of air. In the deepestpart of the ocean,nearly sevenmiles down, it's pounds per square 18,000 about 1,200atmospheres, inch. A square-inchcolumn of lead would crush down on your body with equal force if it were 3,600feet tall. Fish that live in the deep dont feel the pressure, they are fllled with water from their own because by environment. It has alreadybeen compressed pressureas much aswater can be (which is not abyssal much). A diving craft, however,is a hollow chamber, rudely displacingthe water around it. That chamber pressuremust withstand the full brunt of deep-sea with thousandsof pounds per squareinch. If seawater that much pressurebehind it ever finds a way to break inside, it explodesthrough the hole with laserlike intensity. It was into such a terrifying environment that the first twentieth-century explorersventured.

Reading Passage3

Tec6 | tot

Quesfions 27-30
Wite the correct letter,A, B, C or D, in boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet. 27 In the first paragraph,the writer finds it surprisingthat A B C D we send robots to Mars ratherthan to the sea bed. we choose to explorethe least accessibleside of the moon. people reachedthe moon beforethey exploredthe deepest parts of the earth'soceans. spaceshipsare sent beyond our solar system insteadof exploringit.

213 The writer arguesthat saying 71%o the earth'ssurface is ocean is not accuratebecauseit ot A B C D ignores depth of the world'soceans. the is based on an estimatedvolume. overlooksthe significanceof landscapefeatures. refersto the proportionof water in which life is possible.

How did the divingbell helpdivers? A B C D lt allowedeach diver to carry a supply of air underwater. lt enabledpiped air to reach deep below the surface. lt offeredaccess to a reservoirof air below the surface. lt meantthat they could dive as deep as 500 feet.

30

What point does the writermake about scientific discoveries between1930and 1970?

A B C D

purpose deepseaexploration. Theywererarely primary the of people The who conducted werenot professional scientists. experiments Manypeoplerefused believe discoveries weremade. to the that Theyinvolved useof technologies otherdisciplines. the from

168 | test o

Reading

.restions 31-36
statements agreewith the viewsof the writerin ReadingPassage 3? ic :-e following fir:':xes 31-36 on your answer sheet, write

vEs

r{o
NOT GIVEN F.

if the statement agreeswith the views of the writer if the statement contradicts the views of the writer if it is impossible say what the writer thinksabout this to

the emerged. The MidoceanRidgeis largely same as when the continents We can make an approximatecalculationof the percentageof the ocean which penetrates. sunlight phenomena of Manyunexpected scientific cameto lightwhen exploration the MidoceanRidgebegan.

tO

l. S S

the The numberof peopleexploring abysshas risensharplyin the 21st century. in One dangerof the darknessis that deep sea vehiclesbecomeentangled vegetation. from the cold at greatdepths. The construction submersibles of offerslittleprotection

Ouestions37-
1.:nplete the summary using the list of words, A-1, below.

Deepdivingcraft
.r :iving craft has to be 37 of enoughto cope with the enormouspressure the that livethere,which are Unlikecreatures -_,'ss,which is capableof crushingalmostanything. -:: 38 is water,a submersible filledwith 39 because they containcompressed

- : has a weak spot in its construction, therewill be a 40 ............explosion water into the craft. of

A D G

ocean hollow energetic

B E H

air sturdy violent

C F I

deep atmosphere heavy

ReadingPassage 3

Test6 | 169

Writing

Writing TaskI
Youshouldsoend about 20 minuteson this task.

The charts below give information about weather in two Brazilian cities. Summarisethe information by selectingand reporting the main features, and make comparisonswhere relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Brasilia
Rainfall
250mm 200mm '150mm

emperature
40.c
JCU

30'c 25"C

Rainfall No. of wet days I averagemm per month

100mm 50mm 0

20"c 15'C 10'c


>'>.c=>o

trffiffi ilt
trt

uuil ffi&ffi
g
> c l = d < z >

EEEEE
= - Y . l! tF- JV: : F F *

F > -fl

6 { a <

i\ 6 ^ >6 o ! 6
6 - "

Temperature
ffi

> f

daily high/low I average ffi

averaoe nours 9 s-unshine566788 8 7 5 5 4 averaoeno. davs wltntnunolr 1212149 3 1 1 2 5 1 3 1 1 5

-3

F >

= q I I I q l =- Y .' . u . t ul J + J = , t i t t ia o o o o
< ^ > o

Temperature
250mm 200mm 150mm

40"c
mffi m 6

""".ffiffiffi*B

::;q ffffiffiffitr& ryffiffi :.:tI|il Trulll ffi * w * K * ;.;ffitrffikKUHffiffiffi


10"c

ffiffiffiffi

> q = < * > :<- P 3 9 ^ . ^ 8


ZU
4v d)

> >c = > o >r h h h h : > o x o c = = y y y i

5 " C

average nours sunshine B 7 7 6 6 6 s 3 z 8 9 B average no. days with thunder 1 1 2 3 1 < r < r < 1o < r < 1

5E E E E E E E i5<*>:-6
- 8 > ? o 8 * b 6 b b zo

Writing Task 2
: - shouldspend about 40 minuteson this task. ,' :e aboutthe following toplc:

Some people choose to eat no meat or fish. They believe that this is not only better for their own heatth but atso benefits the world as a whole. Dlscuss this view and give your own opinion. ;, , i 'solls for your answerand includeany relevantexamplesfrom your own knowledgeor experience. r"':: at least250 words.

Test 6

171

Speaking

Paft | Speaking
The examiner will ask you some questions about yourself, your home, work or studies and familiar topics. Let's talk about your free time. Do you have a lot of free time? What do you like to do when you are at home? Do you spend more time with your family or with friends? Where do you go when you go out? ls there enough to do in your home town? The examiner will then ask you some questions about one or two other topics, for example: Now let's talk about keeping fit. Do you try to keep fit? How? Do you think it's important for young people to keep fit? /s sport compulsory for schoolchildren in your country? Do you do any sporfs? Which do you like best? Have you ever watched a spofting event live?

SpeakingPaft,2
The examinerwill give you a topic on a card like the one on the right and ask you to talk about it for one to two minutes. Bfore you talk you have one minute to think about what you're going to say. The examiner will give you some paper and a pencil so you can make notes if you want to. The examiner may ask one or two more questions when you have finished, for example: Are you good at making decisions? Do you think you usually make the right decisions? Describe an important decision you had to make. You should say: what you had to decide what or who helped you decide if you made the right decision and explain why the decision was important.

SpeakingPaft 3
The examiner will ask some more general questions which follow on from the topic in Part 2. Do you think it's harder to make declsions nowadays becausewe have so many choices? What are the disadvantagesof asking for other people's advice when making a decision? Why do you think some people are better at making declsions than others? Do you think children should be given the opportunity to make their own decisions? What kind of decisions? Some people say we only learn by making mistakes.Do you agree?

172

Test 6

Speaking