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BENGKEL MATEMATIK ( PMR ) A F G E D C B A E E C B F A O D E TEKNIK MENJAWAB SOALAN DALAM KERTAS 2 Oleh LAI JUN SIEW SMK SUNGAI MAONG

2008

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Format Pentaksiran Matematik Baru PMR (2004) Bil Perkara Kertas 1 ( 50/1 ) Kertas 2 ( 50/2 ) 1 Jenis Instrumen Ujian Objektif Ujian Subjektif 2 Jenis Item Aneka Pilihan dan Gabungan Respons Terhad ( TunjukkanLangkah Kerja dan jawapan ) 3 Bilangan Soalan 40 soalan ( Jawab semua) 20 soalan ( Jawab semua) 4 Jumlah Markah 40 60 5 Tempoh Ujian 1 jam 15 minit 1 jam 45 minat 6 Wajaran Konstruk Pengetahuan - 40% Kemahiran - 60% Pengetahuan - 30% Kemahiran - 65% Nilai - 05%

7 Cakupan Konteks Semua bidang pembelajaran dari Tingkatan 1 hingga Tingkatan 3 Semua bidang pembelajaran dari Tingkatan 1 hingga Tingkatan 3 8 Aras Kesukuran Rendah -R Sederhana - S Tinggi -T R:S:T=5:4:1 R:S:T=5:2:3 Keseluruhan R:S:T=5:3:2 9 Alatan Tambahan a. Kalkulator Saintifik b. Buku Sifir Matematik c. Alatan Geometri a. Buku Sifir Matematik b. Alatan Geometri Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 1

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 ANALYSIS OF PMR MATHEMATICS PAPERS ( 2004 2008 ) Number of Questions Topics 2004 2005 2006 2007 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 Whole Numbers 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 Number Pat terns and 3 0 3 0 2 0 2 0 Sequences Fractions Decimals Percentages Integers and Directed Numbers Algebraic Expressions Basic Measurements Lines and Angles Polygons Perimeter and Area Sol id Geometry Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots Linear Equations Ratios, Rates and Proportions Pythagoras Theorem Geometrical Constructions Coordinates L oci in Two Dimensions Circles ( Area and Angles) Transformations Statistics Indi ces Algebraic Formulae Scale Drawings Linear Inequalities Graphs of Functions Tr igonometry 2008 P1 P2 1 1 2 1 1 3 3 1 4 2 3 1 1 2 1 2 1 5 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 3 1 2 1 2 0 0 3 3 0 2 1 6 1 5 0 0 1 1 1 0 40 1 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 20 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 5 0 3 0 1 4 3 0 2 1 6 1 4 0 0 0 1 2 0 40 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 20 2 0 1 0 0 1 2 3 2 4 0 1 3 1 0 3 1 5 1 4 0 0 0 1 2 0 40 1 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 4 3 4 0 1 3 1 0 2 1 5 1 4 0 0 0 1 2 40 0 1 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 3 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 20 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 20 1 2 40 Total Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 2

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR THE IMPORTANT TOPICS FOR PAPER 2 1. Fractions 2. Directed Numbers 3. Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots 4. Algebraic Expressions 5. Statistics 6. Linear Equations 7. Indices 8. Algebra ic Formulae 9. Trigonometry 10. Transformations ( Reflections, Translations, Roa tions and Enlargements 11. Inequalities 12. Solid Geometry ( Net of Solids) 13. Congruency ( Transformations) 14. Graphs of Functions 15. Geometerical Construct ions 16. Loci In Two Dimensions 17. Scale Drawing 18. Angles in Circles and Angl es Between Parallel Lines 19. Coordinates THE IMPORTANT TOPICS FOR PAPER 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 2 3. 24. 25. 26. 27. Whole Numbers Number Patterns and Sequences Fractions Decimal s Percenages Integers and Directed Numbers Algebraic Expressions Basic Measureme nts Lines and Angles Polygons Perimeter and Area Solid Geometry Volumes of Shape s Squares, squares Roots, Cubes and Cubes Roots Linear Equations Ratio, Rates an d Proportions Pythagoras Theorem Scale Drawings Coordinates Loci in Two Dimension s Circles Angles , Area & Circumference Transformations Statistics Indices Algeb raic Formulae Linear Inequalities Graphs of Functions Trigonometry Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 3

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Guidelines For Answering Questions in Mathematics paper 2 ( PMR ) 1. 1. FRACTIONS. 2. 3 1 1 5 ( + ) 3 2 6 3. (4 1 1 + 3 )7 2 5 1 1 1 (1 ) 12 4 2 1. 1 1 1 (1 ) 12 4 2 1 5 1 = ( ) 12 4 2 1 5 2 = ( ) 12 4 4 1 3 = 12 4 1 = 16 2. 3 = = = = = 1 1 5 ( + ) 3 2 6 10 3 5 ( + ) 3 6 6 10 8 3 6 10 6 3 8 5 2 1 2 2 2. DIRECTED NUMBERS. A. Calculate the following. Give your answers as decimals. 1 0 . 45 ( 3 )+ 2 4 2 2 1 0 .4 ( 7 ) 2 3. 24 28 14 = 3 0.45 ( ) + 2 4 = 0.45 + 0.75 + 2 = 0.3 + 2 = 2.3 3. DECIMALS 1. 3 .2 5 = 0 .0 8 3.2 5 1. 0.08 16.0 = 0.08 1600 = 8 =200 2. 4 0 .1 8 0 .9 3. Squares and square roots, cubes and cube roots. Examples (Calculation can be carried out without using calculators): 12 = 1 92 = 81 172 = 289 22 = 4 102 = 10 0 18 = 324 32 = 9 112=121 19 = 361 42 = 16 122 = 144 202 = 400 52 = 25 132 = 169 2 52 = 625 62 = 36 142 = 196 72 = 49 152 = 225 82 = 64 16 = 256 Squares 1=1 Square Roots 81 = 9 289 =17 1 =1 Cubes 93= 729 3 4 =2 100 = 10 324 =18 2 =8 103=1000 3 9=3 121 =11

16 = 4 144 =12 25 = 5 169 =13 625 =25 53 = 125 36 = 6 49 = 7 225 =15 64 = 8 256 =16 196 =14 63 = 216 361 =19 3 = 27 3 400 =20 4 = 64 3 73 = 343 83= 512 Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 4

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Cube Roots 3 1 =1 3 8 =2 3 1000 =10 3 27 =3 3 64 =4 3 125 =5 3 216 =6 3 343 =7 3 512 =8 3 729 =9 A. Find the value of 1. 3 0.343 3 3 3 2. 1.69 3. 3 0.729 343 = 7 0.343 = 0.7 0.343 = 0.7 B. Calculate the value of : 1. (7) 2 + 169 2. ( 121 4 2 ) 3 5 2 3. 62 3 64 729

( 7) 2 + 169 = 49 + 13 = 62 4. ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS 1. Simplify each of the expressions to its simplest form. (i) 10x 3y + ( 2x 3) (ii) ( y 5 ) 25 + 4y (iii) 5(xy 4 ) 8 ( xy 2 ) 10x 3y + ( 2x 3) = 10x 3y + (2x 3) (2x 3 ) = 10x 3y + 4x 6x 6x + 9 = 4x 2. Factorize each of the following expressions. (i) 4p 8pq (ii) y(2x y) + 5xy (i ii) (m3) ( 6 2m) 4p 8pq = 4p(12q) y(2x y) + 5xy = 2xy + y + 5xy = 3xy + y = y ( 3x + y ) 3. (i) Express 2 x 3x 2 8 as a single fraction in its lowest ter m. y 5 xy

2x 3x 2 8 2x 5x (3x 2 8) = y 5xy y 5x 5xy = = = 10x 2 (3x 2 8) 5xy 10x 2 3x 8 5xy 7x 2 + 8 5xy a s a s in g le fra c tio n in its lo w e s t te rm . ( ii) E x p re s s 1 2n 5 5n 10n2 Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 5

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 5. a. STATISTICS Construct or comp lete the pictogram, bar chart, line graph and pie chart base on the information given. 1. The table below shows the number of computers sold in a computer retail shop in the period of the first four months of 2004. Month January February March April Number of computers 10 20 12 18 20 Draw a bar chart / pie chart to represent all the information in the table on a grid February 120o 72 March o January 60 o o 108 April 10 360 = 60o 60 20 360 = 120o 60 12 360 = 72o 60 18 360 = 108o 60 2. Day Number of watermelons Mon 100 Tue x Wed 90 Thurs 140 Fri 160 The table above shows the number of watermelons harvested in a farm from Monday to Friday. If the total number of watermelons harvested for five days is 610, (i ) Find the value of x . (ii) Complete the pictogram by drawing the correct numbe rs of Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday for Tuesday and Thursday. 3. The diagram below shows the scores obtained by 15 police cadets in a shooting competition. 1,2,4,3,1,2,4,1,3,2,1,3,1,1,3 (a) Using the data, complete the frequency table . (b) State the mode. (c) State the median. Score 1 2 3 4 Frequency Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 Number of Computers 6

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 6. Linear Equations 1. Solve the equation 5k = 3k 8 5k = 3k 8 5k 3k = 8 2k = 8 k = 4 2. Solve the equation 6x 3 = 3(4+x) 3. Solve the equation k + 5 (8 3k) = - 19 2 4. Solve the equation 8y 2 = 3y + 8 6x 3 = 3(4 + x) 6x 3 = 12 + 3x 6x 3x = 12 + 3 3x = 15 15 x = 3 x =5 8. k + 5. Solve the equation 7. Indices x 7 = x + 23 4 5 (8 3k) = 19 2 15k k + 20 = 19 2 15k k = 19 20 2 2k - 15k = 39 2 - 13k = -78 78 k = - 13 k =6 4 6 8 1. Simplify (rs 5 3 ) s 15 2 Simplify (3pq ) (q ) p q 3 2 3 (rs -5 ) 3 s 15 = r 3 s 15 +15 = r 3s 0 =r3 3. Simplify 2m 9m 4 5 (3pq 3 ) 2 (q 3 ) 4 p 6 q 8 = 3 2 p 2 q 6 q 12 p 6 q 8 = 9p 2-6 q 6 +12 8 = 9p -4 q 10 3 2 3 814 4. Find the value of 95

2 5. Simplify ( 4m n ) 2 1 2

2m3n 4 6. Given that 3 x 4 = 81 , calculate the value of x. 8. Algebraic Formulae 1. Given that p p 2 = , express p in terms of r. r r 2. Given that k 2 = 4 , express k in terms of t. t 2 p = r r rp rp - 2 = r pr = 2 + p ppr - p = 2 p( r - 1) = 2 p= 2 ( r - 1) k -2 =4 t k - 2 = 4t ( k - 2 )2 = ( 4t)2 k - 2 = 16t 2 k = 16t 2 + 2 3. Given that 3 ( 2 m 7 ) = 5 , express m in terms of n n 4. Given that p = 25 3q2 , express q in terms of p 6. The acceleration of a movi ng object is given by a = 5. Given that A = 1 ( a + b ) h , express a in terms of A, b and h 2 9. Trigonom etry vu . Find the value of u if a = 21, v = 81 and t = 2. t C opposite side hypotenuse tan = opposite side adjacent side sin = opposite side h ypotenuse B adjacent side A cos Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 = adjacent side hypotenuse 7

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 1. In the diagram below, given that 1. LM 3 = 16 4 4LM = 16 3 48 4 LM = 12 cm LM = 3 , calculate the value of cos y. 4 M 5 cm N LN 2 = 12 2 + 5 2 y = 144 + 25 16 c m 5 Hence , cos y = = 169 13 LN = 169 x K LN = 13 cm L sin x = U T y Q R S 2. In the diagram below, PURQ is a rectangle. QRS and PTS are straight lines. T is the midpoint of UR.. P 4 (i) Given that cos x = , calculate the length of QR . x 5 (ii) Hence, calculate the value of tan y 8 cm 2. 8 4 = PR 5 4PR = 5 8 40 PR = 4 PR = 10 cm QR 2 = 10 2 8 2 = 100 - 64 = 36 QR = 36 = 6 cm RS = QR = 6cm QS = 6 2 = 12 cm Hence , cos y = 8 12 2 = 3 10. Transformations There are four types of transformations translation, reflect ion, rotation and enlargement. A. Translation Students must be able to: a. describe a translation in the form a , a is the movement parallel to the x-axis and b is the b

movement parallel to the y-axis b. write the coordinates of the image of a point under a translation c. draw the image when an object is under a certain transla tion. Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. In the diagram below, the ABC is under a translation 3 .Draw the image of ABC of the object ABC. 2. In the graph below, Q is the image of the object P under a translation k 6 4 Describe the translation A 2 C -2 0 10 2 4 6 x Q 8 6 4 h . k y h .

-4 -2 -4 2 B Reflection P 2 4 6 8 x 0 Students must be able to : a. b. c. determine and draw the image of an object, given the axis of reflection and vice versa determine and draw the axis of reflection, given the image and the object . write the coordinates of the image of a point under a reflection. Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 8

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. In the Cartesian plane as shown, triangle ABC is the image of triangle ABC under a reflection in the line M. (i) Draw the image of triangle ABC. (ii) Write down th e coordinate of the point B y 6 M 2. The diagram below is drawn on a tessellation of congruent triangles . The shape ABCD is the image of the shape ABCD under a reflection. Draw the axis of the reflect ion. 4 2 C A B -6 -4 -2 0 -2 -4 -6 A 2 B A 4 6 x B D C D C C Rotation Students must be able to: a. b. determine the image of a point or an object under a rotation describe a ro tation given the object and the image - must have (i) centre of rotation (ii) an gle of rotation (iii) direction of rotation - example: 900 clockwise / 900 antic lockwise Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. 2. The diagram is dra wn on square grids. Draw the image of triangle P under a anticlockwise rotation of 90 about a point C. P 2. In the diagran below, PQRS is the image of PQRS under a 90 clockwise rotation abou t a point C. (i) Mark the point C in the diagram below. (ii) Write down the coor dinate of the point C

x y 2 p Q S C R -2 0 -2 x P 2 S 4 D. Enlargement Students must be able to: -4 R Q 1. 2. 3. 4. determine the centre of enlargement. determine and draw the image of an enlargem ent find the scale factor (k) of an enlargement describe an enlargement, given t he object and the image - must have (i) centre of enlargement (ii) scale factor (k) k= length of a side of image length of the correspond ing side of object distance o f a point on the im age from cen tre of enlargem ent distance of the correspondi ng p oint on the object from the centre of enlargem ent OR k= Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 9

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. The diagram below is drawn on square grids. Triangle PQR is under an enlargem ent at centre C with the scale factor 2. Draw the image triangle PQR of the triangl e PQR in the diagram. 2. In the diagram below, triangle N is the image of triangle M under an enlargem ent. (i) Mark and label the point P in the diagram. (ii) Write down the coordina tes of the point P. y 6 4 P M N 2 R C C Q -2 0 -2 2 6 8 11. Inequalities 1. To determine the possible values of an unknown : (a) Given that x 2 and x is an integer, state the possible values of x. x = 2, 1, 0 , 1 . (b) Given that 5 < x 9 and x is an integer, state the values of x. 2. Solv e the following linear inequalities . (i) x7< 4 (ii) x+4>9 (iii) 5x 7 4x + 3 x 7 < 4 x <74 x<3 3. Solve the following linear inequalities . (i) x >3 2 (ii) 4x 20 (iii) x 4

< 2 (iv) 2x > 8 4. x>32 x >6 Solve the following simultaneous linear inequalities. List all the valu es of x which satisfy both the inequalities, given that x is an integer. (i) x 3 and x 4 > 2 3 (ii) 5 2 x 3 and x + 4 < 6 3 Solutions : (i) x 3 and x 4 > 2 3 x 3 .. (1) x 4 > 2 .(2) 3 x 4 > 6 x > 6+4 x > 2 This is not the us, 2 < x 3 Answer : x = 1, 0, 1, 2, 3 This is the final answer where all the values of x are listed Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 10

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 12. Solid Geometry Net (layout) of solids Students must be able to: a. understand that the net (layout) of a solid is a two-dimensional plan which, when folded, becomes the solid. b. draw the ne t of a given solid using the correct scale given in the question. Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) 1. The Diagram shows a right pyramid with a s quare base. Draw a full scale the net of the pyramid on the grid in the answer s pace. The grid has equal squares with sides of 1 unit. (PMR 2004) P 5 unit A A D 2. B K P C B 6 unit C D Prism consists of four rectangles and two triangles 4 units 2 units 3 units 6 units 3. Other solids and nets (a) cube consists of six equal squares 3 cm 3 cm 3 cm (b) cuboid consists of six rectangles ( usually three different pairs of co ngruent rectangles, depending on the measurements) 4 cm 2 cm 1 cm (c) prism consists of three rectangles and two triangles (for the prism shown be low) triangles may be replaced by other shapes depending on the shape of the cro ss section 4 units 3 units 4 units Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 11

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 13. Congruency Students must be able to a. read the question carefully before drawing the congruent figure. Make sure that the figure drawn is congruent to the given figure. draw figure neatly and draw l ines with ruler. Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) b. 1. The Diagram below in the answer space shows polygon ABCD and straight line PQ drawn on a grid of equal squares. Starting from the line PQ, draw polygon PQRS which is congruent to polygon ABCD 2. The Diagram below in the answer space shows polygon KLMN and a straight line QR is drawn a grid of equal squares. Starting from the line QR, draw polygon PQR S which is on congruent to polygon KLMN. Solution: A D C Q P Q B A D C P S R 14. GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS B K N M R L Q 1. Students must be able to : Draw the Function Graph when a frequency table is given. (i) Linear function. .The graph is a straight line; y=x y = x (ii) Quadratic function. The graph is a curve. y = x2 y = x2 (iii) Cubic function. For example : y = x . The graph is a curve. y = x3 y = x3 Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 12

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. The table below shows the values of two variables, x and y of a function. x 3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 y 6 1 -2 -3 -2 1 6 Draw the graph of the function using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 1 unit on the y- axis. Step 1 : Write down the ordered pairs ( -3, 6 ), ( -2, 1 ), ( -1, -2 ), ( 0, -3 ), ( 1, -2 ), ( 2, 1 ), ( 3, 6 ) Step 2 : Plot the points on the graph paper. St ep 3 : Draw a curve to join the points . Step 4 : Label the graph 6 5 4 3 2 1 4 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 2. The table below shows the values of two variables, x and y of a function x y -3 -25 -2 -5 -1 3 0 5 1 7

2 15 3 35 Draw the graph of the function using a scale 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 10 unit on the y- axis. Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 13

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 15. GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS Students must be able to (a) construct angles of 3 0, 45, 60, 90 and 120 Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 14

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR (b) Bisect a given angle Bisect a given line (e) construct a perpendicular line to (d) construct a perpendicular line a line through a point on the line to a line through a point outside the line. P R Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR F 1. Set squares and protractor are not allowed for this question. Diagram 7 shows triangle DEF o 5 cm D 45 (a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Diagram 7 using the me asurements given, beginning from the straight line DE provided in the answer. (b ) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the distance in cm between oi nt D anf the point F. [ 5 marks ] E F 5 cm o 45 D E D E DF = 7.05 cm 2 Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram below sho ws a triangle DEF. (a) Starting with the straight line DE , construct the triang le DEF. (b) (i) Hence, construction a perpendicular line FG from the point F to the line DE which is extended to DEG. DEG is a straight line. (ii) Measure the l ength of FG, in cm F 5 cm 120 D 3 cm E D E

Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 15

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 16. LOCI IN TWO DIMENSIONS Student s must be able to (a) Construct the locus of a point that is moving at the same distance between 2 fixed points , A and B. locus A B A B A B (b) Construct the locus of a point that is moving at the same distance from the straight line AB. locus P Q P Q A B A R B R S locus S (a) Construct the locus of a point that is moving the same distance from a fixed point A. locus A (d) Construct the locus of a point that is moving the same distance from 2 strai ght lines which intersect each other. Q A P B Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. Diagram below in the answer space shows four squares, PKJN, KQLJ, NJMS and JL RM. W, X, and Y are three moving points in the diagram. (a) W moves such that it

is equidistant from the straight lines PS and QR. By using the letters in the d iagram, state the locus of W. (b) On the diagram , draw (i) the locus of X such that XJ = JN. (ii) The locus of Y such that its distance from point Q and point S are the same. (c) Hence, mark with the symbol all the intersections of the loc us of X and the locus of Y. K P Q N J L S M R Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 16

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 2. Diagram below in the answer space shows PQRS drawn on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit. M, X and Y are three moving points in the diagram. (a) M is the point which moves such thst its distance from point Q and point S are the same. By using the letter in the diagram, state the locus of M. (b) On the diag ram draw (i) the locus for the point X that is constantly 5 units from the line QR, (ii) the locus for the point Y that is constantly 7 units from the point R. (c) Hence, mark with the symbol the points of intersection of the locus X and th e locus Y. S 17. SCALE DRAWINGS Student must be able to knoww the concept T h e le n g th o f d ra w in g (b) Scale of a drawing = T h e le n g th o f th e a c tu a l o b je c t (c) Do scale drawing with the scale 1 : n ( If n < 1 , then the drawing is large r then the actual object ( eg, 1 : 1 2 or 1 : 1 ) 3 ( If n > 1 , then the drawing is smaller then the actual object ( eg 1 : 2 or 1 : 4 ) (d) The length of drawing = ( the length of the actual object ) 1 n Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. Drawing diagram with scale 1 : n . (a) Perform a scale drawing of the following shape on the square g rid with sides of 1 cm by using the scale 1 : 25. 175 cm 100 cm 50 cm 75 cm 1 175 = 7 25 1 75 = 3 25 1 100 = 4 25 1 50 = 2 25 (b) Diagram below shows a trapezium. On the grid in the anwser space, draw the d iagram using the scale 1 : 200. The grid has squares with sides of 1 cm. 16 m 6m 10 m (c) Diagram below shows a trapezium. On the grid in the anwser space, draw the diagram using the scale 1 : 1 . The 2 grid has squares with sides of 1 cm. 3 cm 2 cm 4 cm 5 cm Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 17

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 18 . ANGLES (a) Angles In Circle S tudent must be able to knoww the concept x=y x=y a=b x + y = 180oo p + q = 180 x=y Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. In Diagram below, O i s the centre of the circle ABC, calculate the value of x. A O x B C 60 2. In Diagram below, O is the centre of the circle. KLM and LON are straight lin es. Find the value of x. T N 40 x K (b) Angles Between Parallel Lines O M 105 L (i) Corresponding angles (ii) Alternate angles (iii) Interior angles x p y x=y p=q q a b x + y = 180o Guidelines for questions in Paper 2 (subjective) in PMR 1. In the diagram below, PQR and QTU are straight lines. Find the value of x. U T 40O S P xO

60O Q R 2. Find the value of x 140o xo 115o Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 18

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR 19. Coordinates Guidelines for que stions in Paper 2 ( subjective) in PMR (A) The coordinates of a point 1. In the Cartesian plane , points P, Q and R are three vertices of a rectangle. Write dow n the coordinates of the fourth vertex of the rectangle y . 2. In the figure below (a) mark the point P (-2, 1), (b) state the coordinates o f point Q. y 4 4 Q 2 0 2 R P 2 P x 2 4 2 4 6 x -4 -2 0 -2 4 The coordinate of the fouth vertex = ( 4 , -3 ) (B) Midpoint Q -4 The coordinate of Q is ___________ 2. Given that point G(-1,9) and point H(-1, 1 ), State the coordinates of the midpoint of the straight line GH. (i) By using g raph y G 1. In the diagram below, mark and state the coordinates of the mid point of the straight line joining point P and point Q . 4 2 6 4 2 0 2 The mid point =( -2 , 1 ) (ii) By calculation ( 1) + ( 1) 9 + 1 ( , ) 2 2 2 10 =( , ) 2 2 = (1 , 5) -4 8 6 4 2 H 2 -4

-2 0 -2 2 4 6 8 x (C) The Distance Between Two points 1 . Given that point U(-5,-2) and point W(6, -2), find the distance of UW. (i) B y using graph y 8 (ii) By calculation 6 ( -5 ) =6 + 5 =11 6 4 2 -4 -2 0 -2 -4 2 4 6 x 2. Given that point P(2,3) and point Q(2, -5), find the distance of PQ . 3(5) =3+5 =8 ----- END ---Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 19

Teknik Menjawab Soalan Kertas 2 matematik PMR Lai J S , SMK Sg Maong, Kuching. 2009 20