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LPC Rules for automatic sprinkler installations variations to BS EN 12845: 2009

TB229.1 INTRODUCTION
This Technical Bulletin introduces variations from BS EN 12845 to make the specification suitable for use. The Technical Bulletin includes LPC Rules amendments which have been drawn up by the Active Steering Group of RISCAuthority, either as modifications to the CEN 2009 amendments or as changes to the content of BS EN 12845.

TB229.2

GENERAL
A brief description of the change is given under each heading. Revised or new text is shown in italic bold underlined font. To aid understanding of some changes, deleted text has been depicted using strikethrough text. Where changes have been introduced by this Technical Bulletin to the proposed amendments, the details of the change and, where appropriate, reasons for the change have been given. Table notes have the status of recommendations whilst Table footnotes are requirements.

TB229.3
TB229.3.1

VARIATIONS TO BS EN 12845: 2009


BS EN Table 2
Description of changes: Renumber Note 3 to Note 2, column 4, row 2 and row 8; Change Note 2 to footnotea, rows 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8; Insertion of Note 2 as footnote a.

Table TB229.T1 Limitations and protection requirements for different storage configurations BS EN Table 2 (amended) Storage configuration Protection in addition to sprinklers Applicable table at ceiling or roof notes:

Layout limitations

ST1

Storage shall be confined to blocks not exceeding 150m2 in plan area for C III and IV

None

(2, a)

Table TB229.T1 Limitations and protection requirements for different storage configurations BS EN Table 2 (amended) Storage configuration Protection in addition to sprinklers Applicable table at ceiling or roof notes:

Layout limitations

ST2

Aisles between rows shall be not less than 2,4m wide Storage shall be confined to blocks not exceeding 150m2 in plan area Aisles separating rows are equal or greater than 1,2m wide

None

(a)

ST3

None

(a)

Intermediate sprinklers are recommended

(1, a)

ST4 Aisles separating rows are less than 1,2m wide Either the aisles separating rows shall be no less than 1,2m wide, or storage blocks shall be no more than 150m in plan area Intermediate sprinklers are required
(1)

ST5

Intermediate sprinklers are recommended

(1, a)

ST6

Either the aisles separating rows shall be no less than 1,2m wide, or storage blocks shall be no more than 150m in plan area

Intermediate sprinklers are required or, if this is impossible, continuous full height vertical bulkheads with Euroclass A1 or A2 or an equivalent in existing national classification systems shall be fitted longitudinally and transversely within each shelf

(1, a)

Note 1: When the ceiling is more than 4m above the highest level of stored goods, intermediate levels of in-rack sprinklers should be used. Note 2: Storage blocks should be separated by aisles no less than 2,4m wide. Note 3: Note 2: Storage should be confined to blocks not exceeding 150m2 in plan area for C I and C II.
a

Storage blocks shall be separated by aisles no less than 2,4m wide.

TB229.3.2

BS EN Table 4
Description of change: Amend Note 2 to delete and alternate. LPC Rules requirements change table note to footnote (b) and insert footnote (a) concerning alternate systems.

Table TB229.T2 Design criteria for HHS with roof or ceiling protection only (Replacing BS EN Table 4)

Storage configuration

Maximum permitted storage height(1) m

Design density mm/min

Category I

Category II

Category III

Category IV

Area of operation (wet or pre-action system(2, a, b)) m

5,3 6,5 7,6 ST1 Free standing or block stacking

4,1 5,0 5,9 6,7 7,5

2,9 3,5 4,1 4,7 5,2

1,6 2,0 2,3 2,7 3,0 3,3 3,6 3,8 4,1 4,4 1,6 2,0 2,3 2,7 3,0 3,3 3,6 3,8 4,1 4,4

7,5 10,0 12,5 15,0 17,5 20,0 22,5 25,0 27,5 30,0 7,5 10,0 12,5 15,0 17,5 20,0 22,5 25,0 27,5 30,0

260

5,7 6,3 6,7 7,2

300

ST2 Post pallets in single rows ST4 Palletized racks

4,7 5,7 6,8

3,4 4,2 5,0 5,6 6,0

2,2 2,6 3,2 3,7 4,1 4,4 4,8 5,3 5,6 6,0

260

300

ST3 Post pallets in multiple rows ST5 and ST6 Solid or slatted shelves 4,7 5,7

3,4 4,2 5,0

2,2 2,6 3,2

1,6 2,0 2,3 2,7 3,0

7,5 10,0 12,5 15,0 17,5

260

Note 1: The vertical distance from the floor to the sprinkler deflectors, minus 1m, or the highest value shown in the table, whichever is the lower. Note 2: Dry and alternate systems should be avoided on High Hazard storage especially with the more combustible products (the higher categories) and the higher storage. a LPC Rules requirements Alternate systems are no longer permitted. b LPC Rules requirements Should it nonetheless be necessary to install a dry system, the area of operation should be increased by 25%.

TB229.3.3

BS EN Table 5
Description of change: Amend Note 2 to delete and alternate. LPC Rules requirement change part of table note 2 to table footnote.

Table TB229.T3 Design criteria for roof or ceiling sprinklers with in-rack sprinklers (Replacing BS EN Table 5) Maximum permitted storage height above the top level of in-rack protection(1) m Category I Category II Category III 2,2 2,6 3,2 3,5 Category IV 1,6 2,0 2,3 2,7 1,6 2,0 2,3 2,7 7,5 10,0 12,5 15,0 7,5 10,0 12,5 15,0

Storage configuration

Design density mm/min

Area of operation (wet or pre-action system(2)) m

ST4 Palletized racks

3,5

3,4

260

ST5 and ST6 Solid or slatted shelves

3,5

3,4

2,2 2,6 3,2

260

Note 1: The vertical distance from the highest level of in-rack sprinklers to the top of the storage. Note 2: Dry and alternate systems should be avoided on High Hazard storage especially with the more combustible products (the higher categories) and the higher storage. a LPC Rules requirement Should it nonetheless be necessary to install a dry system, the area of operation shall be increased by 25%.

TB229.3.4

BS EN Clause 8.5.2
Description of changes: Insertion of LPC Rules requirement as fourth paragraph.

BS EN Clause 8.5.2 At water supplies Additional LPC Rules requirement: Where a permanent flow test facility is not provided which returns the test flow to a water storage tank (cistern) or alternatively to a permanent drain, temporary measures shall be provided to safely dispose of the waste water.

TB229.3.5

BS EN Table 11
Description of change: Insertion of LPC Rule requirement, column 2, row 7; Insertion of and LPC Rules requirement as footnote, row 8; Insertion of LPC Rules commentary and recommendation, row 9.

Table TB229.T4 Minimum effective capacity of reduced capacity tanks (Replacing BS EN Table 11 ) Minimum effective capacity(a) m3 5

Hazard class

LH Wet or pre-action

Table TB229.T4 Minimum effective capacity of reduced capacity tanks (Replacing BS EN Table 11 ) Minimum effective capacity(a) m3 10

Hazard class

OH1 Wet or pre-action OH1 Dry or alternate OH2 Wet or pre-action OH2 Dry or alternate OH3 Wet or pre-action OH3 Dry or alternate OH4 Wet or pre-action

20

30

50

HHP and HHS

70 but in no case less than 10% of the full capacity LPC Rules Requirement: 2/3 of the value specified in BS EN Table 10 or BS EN 9.3.2.3 or the value specified in BS EN Table 10 or BS EN 9.3.2.3 less the infill flow rate, in l/min, multiplied by 0,09, whichever is the greater See footnote(a)

Additional LPC Rules requirement: a When determining the minimum effective capacity of a reduced capacity tank, a maximum of 80% of an adjusted infill flow rate, verified by test, shall be used. The adjusted infill flow rate shall take into account any reductions in flow due to static head and friction between the test point and the tank infill at a period of maximum demand. LPC Rules commentary and recommendation: The water supplier should be consulted before using town mains as infill for reduced capacity tanks. It is essential to establish that the performance of the town main will not depreciate over the life of the sprinkler system water supply.

TB229.3.6

BS EN Clause 9.6.4
Description of change: LPC Rules requirement replacing BS EN Clause 9.6.4.

BS EN Clause 9.6.4 Combined water supplies Combined water supplies shall be superior single or duplicate water supplies designed to supply more than one fixed fire fighting system, as for example in the case of combined hydrant, hose and sprinkler installations. Note: Some countries may not allow sprinkler systems to be fed from a combined supply. Combined supplies shall fulfil the following conditions:

a) b)

the systems shall be fully calculated; the supply shall be capable of supplying the sum of the simultaneous maximum calculated flows from each system. The flows shall be corrected up to the pressure required by the most demanding system; the duration of the supply shall be no less than that required for the most demanding system; duplicate pipe connections shall be installed between the water supplies and the systems. Combined water supplies (Replacing BS EN 9.6.4)

c) d)

TB229.3.6

The sprinkler system pumps and water source shall be separate from any hydrant system pumps and water source.

TB229.3.7

BS EN Table 17
Description of change: LPC Rules requirement replacing BS EN Table 17.

Table TB229.T5 Maximum size of wet pipe and pre-action installations (Replacing BS EN Table 17) Maximum size of protection per control valve set m2 10 000m2 12 000m2 except as allowed in annexes D and F

Hazard class

LH

OH, including any LH sprinklers

HH excluding in-rack sprinkler protection, including any OH or LH sprinklers, HH in-rack sprinkler protection Categories I and II Categories III and IV

9 000m2

9000m2 1 000 sprinklers 2 000 sprinklers

TB229.3.8

BS EN Clause 13.4.4
Description of change: LPC Rule requirement, amendment of fourth bullet point.

TB229.3.8 Minimum sprinkler discharge pressure (Replacing BS EN Clause 13.4.4) The pressure at the hydraulically most unfavourably situated sprinkler, when all the sprinklers in the area of operation are in operation, shall be not less than that required to achieve the density specified in 13.4.1 or the following, whichever is the higher: 0,70 bar in LH; 0,35 bar in OH;

0,50 bar in HHP and HHS except for in-rack sprinklers; 2,00 bar for K80 in-rack sprinklers; 1,00 bar for K115 in-rack sprinklers.

TB229.3.9

BS EN Clause 9.3.5
Description of change: Clarification of Figure 4

Note. The drawings show the pipe end with a vortex inhibitor. Where a vortex inhibitor is fitted depth measurements are taken from the underside of the upper flange. Horizontal separation, from the wall is measured from the periphery of the vortex inhibitor to the wall. When there is no vortex inhibitor depth measurements are taken from the lowest edge of the pipe and horizontal separation from the wall is measured from the nearest point on the pipe surface at the pipe end to the wall. BS EN Clause 9.6.4, Figure 4, drawing 1 without sump.

BS EN Clause 9.6.4 Figure 4, drawing 2 with sump

Where: A - Minimum dimension from the suction pipe to the low water level B - Minimum dimension from the suction pipe to the bottom of the sump d - Nominal diameter of the suction pipe. N - Normal water level X Low water level effective capacity

TB229.3.10

BS EN Clause G.8.5
Description of change: Re-instatement of minimum duration of foam additive

G.8.5 Foam additive A suitable film forming foam, used in accordance with the supplier's recommendation, shall be added to the sprinkler water. NOTE In full scale fire tests, AFFF (aqueous film forming foam) has been shown to be effective. TB229.3.10 Minimum duration of foam additive supply. (Replacing BS EN Annex G.8.5) Aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) shall be added to the sprinkler water in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations. The duration of supply of AFFF should not be less than 10min for a flow equivalent to 0.5Qmax