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THE CANADIAN ANTHROPOLOGY SOCIETY NEWSLETTER

C U LT U R E
LE BULLETIN DE LA SOCIÉTÉ CANADIENNE D’ANTHROPOLOGIE

C A S C A - C U LT U R E 2 0 0 8 / 2 0 0 9
When I first began teaching at the University of Alberta in 1969, Lorsque j’ai commencé à enseigner à l’Université d’Alberta en
Canadian Anthropology was, apparently comfortably, parked 1969, l’anthropologie canadienne était apparemment
within the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association that confortablement installée au sein de la Société canadienne de
in turn met under the broad umbrella of the Canadian Learned sociologie et d’anthropologie (SCSA), soit une association qui à
Societies. On the one hand, it struck me as terribly impersonal and son tour était sous la gouverne des Sociétés savantes canadiennes.
unspecific to my burgeoning sense of disciplinary identity. On the D’un côté, considérant la floraison de mon appartenance
other hand, there seemed broad possibilities for interdisciplinary disciplinaire, cette situation me paraissait floue et impersonnelle.
crossings-over that I already valued. In my case, these have been De l’autre toutefois, j’estimais que cet état de fait rendait possible
linguistics, critical theory, ethnohistory, une interdisciplinarité que j’estimais de valeur.
(qualitative) demography, Native Studies, En ce qui me concerne, ces disciplines étaient
Canadian Studies, and ecosystem health. la linguistique, la théorie critique,
I found myself a three-way minority within l’ethnohistoire, la démographie (qualitative),
the CSAA – as a woman and an anthropolo- les études autochtones, les études canadiennes
gist from Western Canada. et les études sur les écosystèmes et la santé
humaine.
Only a few years later, representatives of
subdisciplines and departments met under Je me trouvai trois fois minoritaire au sein de la
the auspices of the National Museum of SCSA : j’étais femme, anthropologue et de
Man (now the Canadian Museum of l’Ouest canadien. Or quelques années plus
Civilization) to discuss a perhaps inevita- tard, des représentants des sous-disciplines et
ble segmentary fissioning. The late Sal de départements se rencontrèrent, sous les
Weaver proposed an ambitious federation auspices du Musée national de l’Homme
of anthropological sciences, but our (maintenant le Musée canadien des civilisa-
colleagues in linguistics, physical anthro- tions), pour discuter d’une sécession
pology and archaeology were wary of éventuellement inévitable. La défunte Sal
compromising their emerging autonomy Weaver proposa un plan ambitieux pour la
and we were left with the Canadian fondation d’une fédération des sciences
Ethnology Society and the promise of an anthropologiques. Nos collègues en
ongoing welcome from the CSAA for those linguistique, en anthropologie physique et en
who wanted to retain dual disciplinary archéologie se méfièrent néanmoins de cette
citizenship. proposition, ne voulant pas compromettre leur
autonomie grandissante. Nous dûmes donc
We’ve come a long way since then: we nous accommoder d’une Société canadienne
reclaimed the name Canadian d’ethnologie et de la promesse que nous
Anthropology Society (CASCA) in 1990 serions toujours les bienvenus au sein de la
under the leadership of Michael Asch. The SCSA pour ceux qui préféreraient maintenir
CSAA finally read us out of their ranks – TULIPS IN BLOOM, CASCA CONFERENCE, OTTAWA 2008 leur double allégeance disciplinaire.
perhaps a recognition of our professional maturation or perhaps
just frustration at how few of us actively maintained a professional Nous avons fait beaucoup de chemin depuis lors : sous la tutelle de
foot in both sociological and anthropological camps -- despite the Michael Asch, nous avons en effet réclamé le nom de Société
long heritage of large joint departments (British Columbia, canadienne d’anthropologie (CASCA) en 1990. La SCSA nous a
Carleton) and departments focusing solely on socio-cultural finalement exclue de ses rangs, peut-être en reconnaissance de
anthropology (York, Calgary, Simon Fraser). notre maturité professionnelle ou tout simplement étant donné la
frustration qu’il reste si peu d’entre nous nous qui préserve un pied
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BOOK NOTES Pp. 18-21 LIVRES EN BREF Pp. 18-21
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PAT R I M O I N E C A S C A H E R I T A G E
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As an historian of Canadian anthropology, this frame seems to me professionnel dans les deux camps (anthropologique et
an important one for CASCA and its relevance to ongoing disci- sociologique). Et ceci malgré un patrimoine partagé de
plinary practice in Canada. Julia Harrison and I brought together départements réunissant à la fois la sociologie et l’anthropologie
colleagues to talk about the heterogeneity of potential claims to (UBC, Carleton), et l’existence de départements mettant
identity as “Canadian Anthropologist” (UBC Press 2006). Like uniquement l’accent sur l’anthropologie socioculturelle (York,
our membership, contributors focused on socio-cultural anthropol- Calgary, Simon Fraser).
ogy, but simultaneously raised linkages to other subdisciplines and
to related disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. More En tant qu’historienne de l’anthropologie canadienne, ce cadre me
importantly, there was broad acknowledgement of the semble important pour la CASCA et pour la pertinence de cette
inextricability of our sometimes wildly diverse histories from association à la pratique anthropologique au Canada. Julia
contemporary practice. Harrison et moi avons rassemblé des
collègues pour discuter de l’hétérogénéité
des potentielles revendications identitaires
des « anthropologues canadiens » (UBC
Press 2006). Tout comme nos effectifs, les
contributeurs se sont centrés sur
l’anthropologie socioculturelle, mais ce
tout en soulignant les liens qui néanmoins
existent entre cette sous-discipline et les
autres sous- disciplines ou disciplines
connexes des sciences sociales et des
lettres. Mais de manière encore plus
importante, il y a une reconnaissance dans
ces contributions concernant
l’impossibilité d’extraire des histoires le
plus souvent extrêmement diverses de nos
pratiques contemporaines. Il y a en effet
des anthropologues qui enseignent ou qui
font de la recherche dans des institutions
canadiennes; d’autres qui sont nés au
Canada ou qui ont reçu leurs plus hauts
diplômes ici. Il y a aussi des
anthropologues d’ailleurs qui ont fait leurs
études de terrain ici au Canada. En fait les
anthropologues travaillent en divers
milieux disciplinaires, très souvent au sein
de tous nouveaux groupes
interdisciplinaires, soit des groupes qui,
lorsque j’étais au tout début de ma carrière,
étaient inconcevables. L’anthropologie
canadienne est donc, selon mon point de
vue, très unique parmi les traditions
disciplinaires nationales, en ce qu‘elle
constitue plus généralement un reflet de
notre identité nationale au sein de la sphère
publique—soit une identité se caractérisant
par la tolérance, la civilité, la diversité et
peut-être une touche d’orgueil concernant
notre capacité à rencontrer tout défi se
présentant à nous.
PHOTO BY MICHEL BOUCHARD Membre de l’exécutif de la CASCA il y a
quelques années, je voulais que la Société soit en mesure de
There are anthropologists who teach or do research in Canadian
prendre des positions sur des questions politiques qui interpellaient
institutions; others were born in Canada or received their highest
notre expertise professionnelle. Nous avons donc constitué un
degrees here. Anthropologists from elsewhere have done field-
comité de résolutions et, bien que nous n’ayons adopté aucune
work in Canada. Anthropologists work in diverse disciplinary
résolution à ce jour, nous avons maintenant un processus établi
locations, often in newly minted interdisciplinary clusters
pour intervenir dans l’espace public. Nos effectifs continuent cela
unimaginable when I began my career. Canadian anthropology is,
dit de délibérer sur cette question. La crédibilité de la science
in my view, unique among national traditions, in ways that reflect
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N O T R E R E L È V E , C A S C A’ S F U T U R E
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our national identity in the public sphere more generally – toler- empirique est en effet en concurrence avec l’épistémologie de la
ance, civility, diversity and perhaps just a hint of smugness participation communautaire collaborative, l’épistémologie des
alongside our ability to arise to any occasion. points de vue, et la signification locale. La CASCA a pour sa part
cherché à englober ces différents discours portant sur la conversa-
On the CASCA executive a few years ago, I wanted CASCA to be tion anthropologique.
able to take positions on political issues that engaged our profes-
sional expertise. We appointed a committee on resolutions and La CASCA offre aux étudiants du deuxième et troisième cycle un
now have a process for doing such things, though no resolutions lieu propice pour créer des réseaux et présenter les résultats de leurs
have come forward. Our membership continues to debate this recherches. Les bourses disponibles aux étudiants pour participer à
issue. The credibility of empirical science vies with collaborative la conférence annuelle, le Prix Richard Salisbury, le Réseau des
community involvement, standpoint epistemology and local femmes et les comités à l’esprit ouvert des programmes engagent
meanings. CASCA has encompassed both kinds of anthropologi- nos nouveaux collègues dans le travail collectif que nous
cal conversations. effectuons tous ensemble. Nos conférences conjointes avec la
Société américaine d’ethnologie a amené des universitaires
CASCA provides a place for graduate students to build profes- américains à nos conférences. Nous avons aussi attirés, à nous
sional networks and present the results of their research. Student seuls, une participation internationale à celles-ci. Nos publications
bursaries for the annual meeting, the Richard Salisbury award, the de réputation internationale sont par ailleurs dorénavant
women’s network, and open-minded program committees all disponibles en ligne.
engage new colleagues in the work that we do together. Our joint
meetings with the American Ethnological Society have brought Quoique la vigilance soit toujours de mise, nous avons maintenu un
American scholars to our meetings. We have attracted interna- équilibre raisonnable quant à la participation anglophone et
tional attendance on our own. Our stable and well-respected francophone au sein de nos publications, de nos conférences et de
publications – Anthropologica and Culture -- are now available on- notre conseil d’administration. Par le biais du Conseil des
line. recherches en sciences humaines du Canada (CRSH), ainsi que le
Conseil mondial des associations d’anthropologie (WCAA), nous
We’ve maintained a reasonable balance of Francophone and promouvons les sciences sociales dans la société canadienne et y
Anglophone representation in publication, meeting programs and cherchons une voix publique pour l’anthropologie (par exemple,
officers, although vigilance is always required. Through the Social en ce qui concerne les politiques dans le domaine de l’éthique des
Science Federation of Canada, SSHRC and the World Council of trois conseils fédéraux de financement public pour la recherche
Anthropological Associations, we lobby for the social sciences in universitaire).
Canadian society and seek a public voice for anthropology (e.g., in
the Tri-Council Ethics Policy). J’aimerais accroître nos effectifs de manière à ce que notre
membership soit le reflet de l’anthropologie canadienne, notre
I would like to expand our membership until CASCA is genuinely Société devenant dès lors considérée comme un élément estimé de
coterminous with Canadian anthropology and a valued part of the l’identité de la plupart, sinon de tous, les anthropologues
identity of most, if not all, Canadian anthropologists. CASCA canadiens. La CASCA fonctionne très bien pour ceux qui
works very well for those who choose to participate, but too many choisissent d’y participer, mais un trop grand nombre
do not. There are large departments with no active members. d’anthropologues canadiens demeurent absents de ses rangs. On y
Geographic distances are great and we must work to maintain our retrouve de très grands départements qui n’ont aucun membre
continuities. Not all students know what CASCA has to offer participant à la CASCA. Les distances géographiques sont certes
them. I urge all members to strengthen CASCA by inviting others vastes et le maintien d’un sentiment d’appartenance à une même
to join us in Vancouver in 2009 and look forward to meeting many communauté exige de maints efforts. Cela dit, ce ne sont pas tous
of you there. les étudiants qui savent ce qu’est la CASCA et ce que nous leur
offrons. Je demande donc à tous nos membres de renforcer notre
Regna Darnell, President Société en invitant d’autres à se joindre à nous à Vancouver en
2009, et j’ai déjà hâte d’y rencontrer beaucoup d’entre vous.

Regna Darnell, President

The editors wish to thank Michel and La rédaction tient à remercier Michel et
Ekaterina Bouchard for their creative hard Ekaterina Bouchard pour leur travail
work in formatting our newsletter. Culture acharné et créatif dans la mise en page de
owes them a great debt. notre bulletin. Culture leur doit beaucoup.

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CASCA EXECUTIVE 2008-2009

PRESIDENT TREASURER PRESIDENT-ELECT


REGNA DARNELL ROBERT ADLAM DEIDRE MEINTEL
PRÉSIDENTE TRÉSORIER PRÉSIDENTE DÉSIGNÉE

SECRETARY ANGLOPHONE FRANCOPHONE PAST PRESIDENT


EVIE PLAICE MEMBER AT LARGE MEMBER AT LARGE FRANCINE SAILLANT
SECRÉTAIRE CRAIG PROULX KARINE VANTHUYNE ANCIENNE PRÉSIDENTE

MEMBRE D’OFFICE MEMBRE D’OFFICE


ANGLOPHONE FRANCOPHONE

RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE MEMBERS: MEMBRES DU COMITÉ DE RÉSOLUTIONS :


ROBERT HANCOCK AND FREDERIC W. GLEACH ROBERT HANCOCK AND FREDERIC W. GLEACH

COMITÉ EXÉCUTIF 2008-2009


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P R I X W E AV E R - T R E M B L AY AWA R D
In 1992 the Society for Applied Anthropology in Canada estab- En 1992, la Société pour l’anthropologie appliquée au Canada
lished the Weaver-Tremblay Award, naming it after Marc-Adélard créait le prix Weaver-Tremblay. Marc-Adélard Tremblay et Sally
Tremblay and Sally Weaver, two of Canada’s most respected Weaver, deux anthropologues des plus respectés au Canada, furent
anthropologists. Both Weaver and Tremblay were instrumental in tous deux essentiels pour la fondation de la CASCA, une initiative
the founding of CASCA, an initiative prompted by a range of découlant de plusieurs facteurs. L’un de ces facteurs a été leur forte
factors. But a central principle was their belief that anthropologists conviction dans le fait que les anthropologues et leurs associations
and their professional associations need to examine and address doivent se pencher sur des questions politiques et sociales
matters of social and political concern. The award was subse- d’importance. Le prix fut placé sous la responsabilité de la CASCA
quently moved to CASCA’s jurisdiction and has been presented to et depuis 16 ans, il a été attribué à une série de collègues des plus
a series of distinguished colleagues during the past 16 years. distingués au Canada.

The 2008 winner of the Weaver-Tremblay Award in Applied La gagnante du prix Weaver-Tremblay en Anthropologie appliquée
Anthropology was Dr. Harvey Feit of McMaster University. Dr. en 2008 est le Dr. Harvey Feit, de L’Université McMaster. Il
Feit gave the Weaver-Tremblay Lecture at the 2008 CASCA prononça son discours lors du congrès de la CASCA de mai 2008, à
Conference held in May at the Carleton l’Université Carleton. Les récipiendaires
University. Past recipients are Joan Ryan furent, par le passé, Joan Ryan (1993), Michael
(1993), Michael Ames (1994), Paul Ames (1994), Paul Charest (1995), Peter
Charest (1995), Peter Stephenson (1997), Stephenson (1997), Michael Robinson (1998),
Michael Robinson (1998), Michael Asch Michael Asch (2001), Pierre Beaucage (2002),
(2001), Pierre Beaucage (2002), Donat Donat Savoie (2003), Elvi Whittaker (2004),
Savoie (2003), Elvi Whittaker (2004), Herman Konrad (2005), Richard Preston
Herman Konrad (2005), Richard Preston (2006) et Penny Van Esterik (2007). Pour plus
(2006) and Penny Van Esterik. For further d’information, consultez
information, please visit the CASCA lesite web de la CASCA:
website: http://casca.anthropologica.ca/fr_prix_wt.htm
http://casca.anthropologica.ca/re_awards_
WT.htm Le prix est décerné à un ou une citoyen-ne
canadien-ne ou un-e immigrant-e reçu-e. Les
The award is for a Canadian or Landed candidatures doivent inclure un CV du ou de la
Immigrant to Canada. Nominations should candidate, une lettre d’appui d’un individu qui
include a CV, a cover letter from the propose la nomination et qui explique en quoi
nominator explaining why the candidate is la candidature est méritoire, de même que tout
worthy of the award, and any supporting matériel complémentaire permettant d’étayer
material the nominator feels is important. la candidature. Dans les années précédentes,
In the past, supporting material has les dossiers des candidatures comprenaient des
included publications and letters from lettres d’appui de collègues et d’organismes
other academics and/or community divers, du monde acadé-mique et extra-
organizations. académique. Le ou la gagnante doit prononcer
The winner is invited to deliver a plenary un discours lors d’une session plénière du
address at the CASCA annual conference. congrès de la CASCA. Un montant de $500
An honorarium of $500 is paid to the est payé au gagnant; les frais de déplacement
winner, but the association does normally ne sont généralement pas couverts.
not cover travel costs.
Les candidatures pour le prix Weaver-
Tremblay 2009 doivent être reçues pour le 13 février et être
Nominations for the 2009 recipient of the Weaver-Tremblay Award adressées au président du comité :
should be received by February 13th and addressed to:

Professor Harvey Feit [ feit@mcmaster.ca ] Professor Harvey Feit [ feit@mcmaster.ca ]


Department of Anthropology Department of Anthropology
McMaster University McMaster University
1280 Main Street West 1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8 Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L8

Enquiries can be made to: Pour répondre à vos questions :

Evie Plaice, CASCA Secretary [ plaice@unb.ca ] Evie Plaice, CASCA Secretary [ plaice@unb.ca ]
Department of Anthropology Department of Anthropology
University of New Brunswick University of New Brunswick
Fredericton NB E3B 5A3 Fredericton NB, E3B 5A3

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MILITARIZING ANTHROPOLOGY
By Maximilian C. Forte Undersecretary of Defense, Human Terrain System, even
Associate Professor John Wilcox, noted: “the human when several other U.S.
Sociology & Anthropology, terrain enables the global kill government programs recruit
Concordia University chain.” Recruits receive at least anthropologists and other
mforte@alcor.concordia.ca $300,000 per annum when in social scientists in espionage
the field, a major incentive for and national security research,
“While many anthropologists express
concerns about disciplinary ties to military some, even if two social such as the National Security
and intelligence organizations, scientists (both PhD students) Education Program (NSEP),
contemporary anthropology has no core
with which to either sync or collide and there have been killed (one from a the Intelligence Community
are others in the field who openly (and roadside bomb in Afghanistan, Scholars Program (ICSP), and
quietly) support such developments.”
the other from a suicide bomber the Pat Roberts Intelligence
-- David Price, anthropologist, author of in Iraq). Scholars Program (PRISP), the
Anthropological Intelligence (March 12 / 13,
2005, Counterpunch) latter instituted with the support
The American Anthropological and guidance of Felix Moos,
“As one HTT [Human Terrain Team] member
said, ‘One anthropologist Association's Executive Board anthropologist at the University
can be much more of Kansas.
effective than a B-2
bomber – not winning a Moreover, even the
war, but creating a peace principles and
one Afghan at a time’.”
mechanisms
-- Website of the U.S. behind the Human
Army’s Human Terrain
System Terrain System
have been incor-
Military Creep porated in newly
expanded designs
For close to two for the U.S. mili-
years now Ame- tary’s Africa
rican anthropology Command (AFR-
has witnessed ICOM), and its
heated debate Latin American and
concerning the Caribbean Com-
embedding of mand (SOUTH-
anthropologists in COM), to better
counterinsurgency penetrate local
Photo by Ariel Nasr, a Halifax born Canadian filmaker. His first full-length National Film Board documentary film,
missions in Iraq "Good Morning Kandahar", gives poignant voice to the dilemmas felt by young Afghan-Canadians, whom are torn. c u l t u r e s a n d
and Afghanistan between a deep desire to help Afghanistan, and fear that things will never change. expand the nature
under the U.S. Army’s Human issued a statement critical of of U.S. military presence in
Terrain System. Much of the embedding anthropologists in those regions, in part with the
debate has centred on the counterinsurgency teams, aid of social science research.
ethical issues of secret followed by a broad final report
research, informed consent, still critical of HTS, and very While in 1988 a CIA
confidentiality of informants, recently a call to all members to spokeswoman bragged that
and the requirement to do no consider a complete revision of they had enough professors on
harm. the entire Code of Ethics of the their payroll to staff a large
association. university, since 2001 this
Critics have argued, among collaboration has grown further:
many points, that social Up until July of this year, this as David Price noted, “many
scientists are being used to debate seemed to be largely institutions are cultivating
better refine targeting, given confined to American closer relations with intelligence
that the Assistant anthropology, and to the agencies. New campus
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RESEARCHING FOR EMPIRE


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intelligence consortia are Impact of Religious and degree-granting programs in


forming. Most of these are Cultural Changes within the social sciences. Participation by
organizations like the National Islamic World; foreign universities either as
Academic Consortium for (3) Iraqi Perspectives Project; project lead or in a supporting
Homeland Security…which ( 4 ) S t u d i e s o f Te r r o r i s t role is encouraged” (p. 4).
aligns research and teaching at Organization and Ideologies;
member institutions with the and, Military reviewers and
requirements of Bush’s war on (5) New Approaches to government employees are
terror” (“CIA Skullduggery in Understanding Dimensions of looking specifically for
Academia: Carry On Spying,” National Security, Conflict, and proposals that are relevant to
Counterpunch, May 21 / 22, Cooperation. Pentagon goals. The focus of
2005). areas (2) and (4) is to “elucidate
The DoD awards will be paid the relationships amongst
Suddenly, however, with the out to universities, and will social, cultural, political,
implementation of the range from $500,000 to $3 religious and economic factors
Pentagon’s new that interact to
Minerva program, foster political
the import and violence, terrorism
impact of the or insurgent
militarization of the behavior” (p. 17).
social sciences The Pentagon
has now widened notes the following
considerably even disciplines as
beyond these “relevant”: “anthro-
areas of concern, pology, economics,
and beyond the poli-tical science,
social sciences in sociology, social
the U.S. and cognitive
psychology, and
The Pentagon’s computational
M i n e r v a science.”
PHOTO BY ARIEL NASR
R e s e a r c h
Initiative million (US) per annum, with This project also calls on
the average award estimated at academics to themselves
As of the end of July, the U.S. $1.5 million per annum. identify an orga-nization or an
Department of Defense ideology as “terro-rist” without
formally instituted what it calls What is important to note, provi-ding any guidelines or list
the Minerva Research Initiative, besides the size of the awards of suggested orga-nizations and
and is now accepting grant and the nature of national ideologies. Surveillance is
proposals. In the DoD’s Broad security research that is being intended, over the long term,
Agency Announcement promoted, is that foreign and anthro-po l o g i s t s a r e
(W911NF-08-R-0007) outlined universities and foreign specifically called upon, as “the
the following five areas of researchers are also enco- relevance of context and
investigation that it supports: uraged to participate: “This MRI situation may require field
competition is open to research” (p. 20).
(1) Chinese Military and institutions of higher education
Technology Research and (universities) including DoD The effort is aimed at studying
Archive Programs; institutions of higher education “behaviour networks, groups,
(2) Studies of the Strategic and foreign universities, with and communities over time” with
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T H E P E N TA G O N ’ S M I N E RVA
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an “urgent need” to locate some early suggestions that the funded by the Pentagon.
terrorist organizations and NSF and the Pentagon would sign
populations sympathetic to a memorandum of understanding Imperial Research Agendas
them. “Especially helpful to the that allowed the NSF to allocate
Department of Defense,” the the funds in a way that Thus far there has been no
document states, is, researchers who won grants could public discussion by either the
understanding where turn down any funding that came NSF or the AAA about the ethics
organized violence is likely to directly from the Pentagon. But as of Minerva projects. For
erupt, what factors might David Glenn of the Chronicle of example, one of the areas of
explain its contagion, and how Higher Education explained, there research for which applications
to circumvent its spread. is no allowance for researchers to are invited is titled the “Iraqi
Research on belief formation turn down DoD funding. The DoD Perspectives Project.” Part of
and emotional contagion will may offer to supplement the the description of the
provide cultural advisors with funding of NSF funded projects of background of this research
better tools to field reads as follows:
understand the impact
of operations on the “ISLAM IS THE PRIMARY In the course of
local population. This Operation Iraqi Free-
research should also TA R G E T OF M I N E R VA , dom, a vast number of
contribute to documents and other
countermeasures to media came into the
help revise or influence AS A SOURCE OF VIOLENCE possession of the
belief structures to Department of
reduce the likelihood of AND R A D I C A L I Z AT I O N Defense. The materials
militant cells forming. have already been
(p. 21) TO BE MONITORED transferred to
electronic media and
Recently, the National organized. Yet these
Science Foundation
AND P E N E T R AT E D BY comprise only a small
has partnered with the part of the growing
Pentagon in vetting ACADEMIC FIELDWORKERS.” declassified archive
applications for interest to it, and only in that and its potential,
Minerva funds, submitted situation would a researcher, in combined with the open
through the NSF. For some, receipt of a NSF award, be literature. This continuing
including the Executive of the allowed to decline additional DoD collection offers a unique
American Anthropological funding. opportunity for multidisciplinary
Association which announced scholarship combined with
its “pleasure” in seeing the NSF The National Science research in methods and
conduct peer review of Foundation’s Division of technologies for assisting
applications submitted to Behavioral and Cognitive scholarship in automated
NSF’s $8 million share of Sciences released its calls for analysis, organization, retrieval,
Minerva’s overall budget of $50 applications under the title, “Social translation, and collaboration
million, the NSF seal of and Behavioral Dimensions of (p. 19)
approval seemed important in National Security, Conflict, and
ensuring independence from Cooperation (NSCC).” Full The Chronicle of Higher
the Pentagon, despite the fact proposals are being sought for a Education in an article on July 1,
that the Pentagon devised, deadline of October 30, this year. 2008, titled “Controversy
structured, and funded the Projects will be jointly reviewed by Continues to Dog the Deal to
program. There was even the NSF and the Pentagon, and Move Iraqi Archives to Hoover
Continued/Suite Page 9

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I M P L I C AT I O N S F O R C A N A D A
Continuation from page 8/Suite de la page 8
Institution” speaks of seven multiple military funded social AAA President Setha Low to the
million documents being moved science programs is to U.S. Office of Budget and
to Stanford University, to a weaponize culture: Management states very
conservative think tank housed simply: “We believe that it is of
there (the Hoover Institution). When research that could be paramount importance for
This has been done over and funded by neutral civilian anthropologists to study the
against the protests of the agencies is instead funded by roots of terrorism.” Going
Director of the Iraqi National the military, knowledge is subtly further, a July press release
Library and Archives who has militarized and bent in the way a from the NSF quoted David
demanded the return of Iraq’s tree is bent by a prevailing wind. Lightfoot, assistant director of
documents. Foreign scholars The public comes to accept that NSF’s Social, Behavioral and
are being called upon to write basic academic research on Economic (SBE) Sciences
Iraqi history for the Iraqis, while religion and violence “belongs” Directorate as saying :
denying the data to Iraqis to the military; scholars who
themselves. never saw themselves as doing To secure the national defense
was one of the original missions
Broader problems stem from we were given when we were
the thinking that structures the chartered in 1950. We’ve
fields of study as outlined by the always believed that
Pentagon. Like its British sociologists, anthropologists,
counterpart and predecessor, psychologists and other social
the Economic and Social scientists, through basic social
Research Council’s “Global and behavioral science
Uncertainties: Security for All in research, could benefit our
a Changing World” (and its national security. In fact, we’ve
precursors), Islam is the always done so through various
primary target of Minerva, as a research projects. The MOU
source of violence and [ M e m o r a n d u m o f
radicalization to be monitored Understanding with the
MAXIMILIAN C. FORTE
and penetrated by academic Pentagon] gives us another tool
fieldworkers. military research now do; maybe and more resources to do what
they wonder if their access to we’ve always done well.
As David Price argued, future funding is best secured by
“Minerva doesn’t appear to be not criticizing U.S. foreign policy; Implications for Canadian
funding projects designed to tell a discipline whose Anthropology?
Defense why the U.S. shouldn’t independence from military and
invade and occupy other corporate funding fueled the As mentioned, the Pentagon is
countries; its programs are kind of critical thinking a inviting foreign researchers and
more concerned with the nuts democracy needs is now their universities to participate in
and bolts of counterinsurgency, compromised; and the priorities the Minerva program.
and answering specific of the military further define the Conditions in Canada seem ripe
questions related to the basic terms of public and for its spread here, given
occupation and streamlining academic debate. (“The U.S. Canada’s own intervention in
the problems of empire” (“Inside Military's Quest to Weaponize Afghanistan and the
the Minerva Consortium: Social Culture,” Bulletin of the Atomic government’s collaboration with
Science in Harness,” Scientists, 20 June 2008). the U.S.’ “global war on terror,”
Counterpunch, June 24, 2008). and the relative paucity of social
Hugh Gusterson has also In approving of NSF peer review science research funding. A
argued that the effect of these of Minerva grants, a letter from minority can hope to win a grant
Continued/Suite Page 10

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U N W I T T I N G C O L L A B O R ATO R S
Continuation from page 9/Suite de la page 9

from the Social Sciences and anthropology have served both jeopardize the wellbeing of our
Humanities Research Council in Canada and the U.S. We collaborators. Those who travel
of Canada (SSHRC), and even have undergraduates from the to, or through the U.S., can have
fewer will ever get a grant close U.S., and a good number of our all of their printed and electronic
to the maximum of $250,000 graduates earning degrees in documents seized, scanned
spread over three years. anthropology in the U.S. We and copied, thus breaching any
Canada Research Chairs, use the AAA’s code of ethics promised confidentiality, as a
fewer in number but with more and its case studies as part of result of a new Department of
funding, still cannot compete our teaching materials. We read Homeland Security program.
with the massive amount and adopt texts by our
offered by Minerva, whose American colleagues, Indeed the same applies for the
maximum grant is 12 times published in the U.S. U.K. Given that these two
higher than the maximum countries often serve as
offered by SSHRC to a Though the list could continue, gateways to the countries to
researcher. With which anthro-
greater pressure pologists travel in
from university Latin America,
administrations to Africa, and the
secure more and Middle East, it
more research means we can no
funds, from all longer, in good
possible sources, conscience, make
it is just a matter of any vows to
time before we maintain confi-
find Minerva dentiality. That
advertised by our also puts us in
own campus conflict with our
research offices, own campus ethics
and taken up by review panels,
researchers here. which also
jeopardizes the
C a n a d i a n PHOTO BY ARIEL NASR
t enure of our
anthropology is grants.
not insulated from its American one could add that given the
p a r t n e r. M a n y C a n a d i a n dominance of American The U.S. military has also
anthropologists, if not most, anthropology worldwide, even if instituted Intelink-U, and
also belong to the AAA, and none of the preceding were true “distance drilling” that involves
travel to the U.S. for annual this fact alone would ensure an providing U.S. intelligence with
meetings of the AAA and/or its eventual impact on how our up to 85% of its information
member associations. We discipline is reproduced, requirements from open access
share the same space on presented to the wider world, materials on the Web.
editorial boards of journals. We and received (if at all). Everything we do, and whatever
often jointly organize we do next as anthropologists,
conferences between CASCA We can unwittingly or will have to take these broader
and the American Ethnological unwillingly collaborate with the realities into account, and we
Society (AES). Some Canadian U.S. intelligence regime in other need to immediately start
departments are modeled on ways as well. There is the thinking of our individual and
the American four-field system. possibility that both travel and collective responses.
Prominent faculty in open access publishing could

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REVITALIZING ANTHROPOLOGY
AT THE U. OF SASKATCHEWAN
This spring, the University education. When Archaeology anthropology as a sub-
Council of the University of faculty expressed an interest in discipline. Second is the
Saskatchewan confirmed their a re-engagement of the two administrative relocation of the
support for creating a vibrant, programs with an eye toward cultural anthropology program
research-intensive and developing a new doctoral to a newly established
nationally recognized program program, the course was set. Department of Archaeology and
i n c u l t u r a l Anthropology.
anthropology. After
many years of being The third initiative
under-resourced, involves the develop-
cultural anthropology ment of graduate
is now positioned for a programs (MA and
comeback! PhD) in anthropology
with a focus on medical
Anthropology has a and environmental
history at the Univer- anthropology. And
sity of Saskatchewan finally, to support the
stretching back more new programs, recrui-
than forty years. For tment will commence
most of this time, in fall 2008 for two
Anthropology and tenure track positions,
Archaeology were one each in medical
combined in a single and environmental
department. However, anthropology.
“divergent interests
and priorities” led to a These new scholars
separation of the two will join a strong and
programs in 2002, and active anthropological
Anthropology joined community that is
with Religious being brought together
Studies. through these
initiatives. Comple-
R e c e n t l y, a f t e r mented by existing,
reviewing the strong programs in
Anthropology pro- archaeology and
gram, the University biological anthro-
Council determined p o l o g y, t h e n e w
that it was unviable in UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN cultural anthropology
this new configuration. program will tap into
As a result, a committee was the substantial faculty resources
struck to recommend a new Several initiatives are at the on campus, as well as other
direction for the program, one core of this revitalization. First is programs.
that would make better use of the development of a new
the many anthropologists on undergraduate program in Joining the new department
campus and that would allow for Anthropology that highlights the through intra-College transfers
an increase in research discipline’s four fields heritage will be medical anthropologists
intensiveness and graduate while still emphasizing cultural
Continued/Suite Page 12

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R E V I TA L I Z I N G A N T H R O P O L O G Y
AT T H E U . O F S A S K AT C H E WA N
Continuation from page 11/Suite de la page 11

Pamela Downe (PhD, York) Many of these anthropologists Department of Community


and James Waldram (PhD, have substantial research Health and Epidemiology.
Connecticut). Other medical funding from SSHRC, CIHR,
anthropologists who will be and other agencies, which will In addition to existing strengths
involved in the program aid in the development of a represented in the current
include Sylvia Abonyi (PhD, research-intensive and student undergraduate curriculum, the
McMaster), currently Canada centered scholarly community new program will build on the
Research Chair in Aboriginal in the discipline. Two new campus-wide expertise in
Health in the Department of interdisciplinary schools, the medical, environmental and
Community Health and School of Public Health, and a p p l i e d a n t h r o p o l o g y,
Epidemio- emphasizing
l o g y, a n d Indigenous
Michel Des- studies, the
jardins (PhD, anthropology
Montréal), in o f g e n d e r,
the Depart- psychological
ment of Psy- anthropology,
chology. Also urban/institu-
involved will tional re-
be David search, and
N a t c h e r the anthro-
(PhD, Alber- pology of dis-
ta), an envi- a b i l i t y, i n
ronmental diverse ethno-
anthropologis graphic con-
t i n t h e texts.
College of
Agriculture For further
a n d information on
Bioresources, the two avai-
c u l t u r a l lable faculty
anthropologis positions, or
ts Alexander UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN the new pro-
Ervin (PhD, gram, please
Illinois) and Satya Sharma the School of Environment and contact James B. Waldram,
(MSc, Delhi; MA, Cornell) of S u s t a i n a b i l i t y, o ff e r t h e Chair of the Anthropology
the Department of Religion possibility for important and P r o g r a m , a t
and Culture, Natalia enriching synergies and j.waldram@usask.ca. Please
Khanenko-Friesen (PhD, resources for the new cultural note that the website for the
Toronto) of St Thomas More a nthropology program. new Department of
College, and Simonne Further, connections will be Archaeology and Anthropology
Horwitz (DPhil, Oxford) of the made at the graduate level with is currently under construction
Department of History, as well the Culture and Human and may not be available at this
as several scholars in related Development interdisciplinary time.
fields. program in the Department of
P s y c h o l o g y, a n d t h e

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C
CUU LLTTUURREE
CASCA EXECUTIVE: CONSEIL D'ADMINISTRA-
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS TION DE LA CASCA :
APPEL À NOMINATIONS
The following positions will become available at the Annual Les postes suivants deviendront vacants lors de notre Assemblée
General Meeting in May 2009: générale annuelle de mai 2009 :

1) President Elect* 1) Président désigné*


2) Secretary 2) Secrétaire
3) Francophone Member-at-Large** 3) Membre d'office francophone* *

* Janice Graham has been nominated for the position of President * Janice Graham a été nominée comme Président désigné
Elect. **Martin Hébert a été nominé comme membre d'office
** Martin Herbert has been nominated to the position of francophone.
Francophone MAL.
Pour plus d'informations concernant les tâches liées à chacun de
For further information on these portfolios, please contact the ces postes, veuillez contacter la secrétaire de la CASCA, ou
CASCA Secretary or visit the CASCA website: visiter le site Internet de la CASCA à :
http://casca.anthropologica.ca/ab_governance.htm http://www.casca.anthropologica.ca/fr_executif.htm

Nominations must reach the CASCA Secretary by November 28th Les nominations devront êtres acheminées à la secrétaire de la
2008. Please forward nominations to: CASCA, au plus tard le 28 novembre 2008. Veuillez les envoyer à :

Evie Plaice, secrétaire de la CASCA


Evie Plaice, CASCA Secretary Department of Anthropology
Department of Anthropology University of New Brunswick
University of New Brunswick Fredericton NB, E3B 5A3
Fredericton NB, E3B 5A3 email: plaice@unb.ca

B O U R S E S A L I S B U R Y A WA R D
The Richard F. Salisbury student award is given in memory La Bourse d’études Richard F. Salisbury est octroyée en la
of Dr. Richard Frank Salisbury, a founding member of the mémoire de M. Richard Frank Salisbury, un membre fondateur du
McGill University Department of Anthropology as well as département d’anthropologie de l’Université McGill et du Centre
the McGill Centre for Developing Areas Studies. Dr. d’études sur les régions en développement de l’Université McGill.
Salisbury was the author of From Stone to Steel (1962) M. Salisbury est également l’auteur des ouvrages From Stone to
and A Homeland for the Cree (1986). His leadership on Steel (1962) et A Homeland for the Cree (1986). Son leadership
the James Bay Project helped the James Bay Cree and lors des négociations entourant le projet hydroélectrique de la Baie
the Government of Quebec work out the historic treaty that James a contribué à la conclusion du traité historique entre le
has become a model for reconciling aboriginal autonomy gouvernement du Québec et les Cris de la région de la Baie James,
with economic development. Dr. Salisbury passed away in qui par la suite est devenu un modèle de rapprochement entre
1989. l’autonomie autochtone et le développement économique. M.
Salisbury est décédé en 1989.
The Richard F. Salisbury Student Award is given each year
to a PhD candidate, enrolled at a Canadian university, for La Bourse d’études Richard F. Salisbury est chaque année accordée
the purposes of defraying expenses incurred while carrying à une étudiante ou un étudiant inscrit à un programme de doctorat
out dissertation fieldwork. The winner of each award is dans une université canadienne, dans le but de l’aider à couvrir ses
also invited to present their preliminary findings to the dépenses durant ses études sur le terrain. Le (ou la) récipiendaire de
annual meeting of the Canadian Anthropology chaque bourse est également invité à présenter ses conclusions
Society/Société Canadienne D'Anthropologie. préliminaires à l’occasion de la conférence annuelle de la Société
canadienne d’anthropologie (CASCA).
Information:
http://casca.anthropologica.ca/re_awards_sal-2.htm Informations:
http://www.casca.anthropologica.ca/fr_apropos.htm

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YAW E N D A : L A V O I X W E N D AT
Par Michel Bouchard pour la culture, il y a eu un sont établis près du fort de la
intérêt exprimé pour Ville de Québec.
Un anthropologue de réapprendre la langue.
l’Université Laval, Louis- Au 20e siècle, des
Jacques Dorais, travaille de pair Quoique la langue n’est plus anthropologues et des
avec la nation huronne-wendat parlée, il existe toutefois un linguistes se sont intéressés au
pour faire revivre le wendat, une corpus de documents qui est wendat, notamment Marius
langue qui n’a pas été parlée au accessible aux linguistes et Barbeau. Louis-Jacques Dorais
Canada depuis plus d’un siècle. anthropologues. De nombreux a été invité à collaborer avec la
documents ont été rédigés en nation huronne-wendat suite à
Le professeur Dorais explique wendat par les missionnaires une volonté de la part de la
que le français est la langue jésuites au 17e siècle, y communauté pour réapprendre
maternelle de la nation compris le très célèbre hymne la langue. En 1998, on a fait
huronne-wendat qui se retrouve circuler une
dans la grande p é t i t i o n
région de la Ville demandant que
de Québec. la langue soit
Même les gens enseignée à
les plus âgés de l’école primaire
la communauté de Wendake.
n’ont jamais
entendu le Afin de préparer
wendat parlé. un curriculum, les
matériaux et le
La communauté p e r s o n n e l
de Wendake se nécessaires pour
retrouve à 10 enseigner le
kilomètres au wendat à l’école
nord du centre- primaire, une
ville de Québec. demande de
Selon les statis- financement a
tiques, nous été soumise pour
dénombrons obtenir une
2994 membres LOUIS-JACQUES DORAIS, UNIVERSITÉ LAVAL. PHOTO: MARC ROBITAILLE Alliance de
qui appartien- recherche
nent à cette nation et 1299 qui de Noël (connu en anglais universités-communautés
habitent sur le territoire de comme le Huron Carol) écrit en (ARUC) du Conseil de
Wendake. 1643 par le missionnaire Jean recherches en sciences
de Brébeuf. Cet hymne a été humaines du Canada. Le projet
Quoique la langue se soit rédigé quelques années avant « Yawenda » ou « La voix » en
éteinte au Canada et aux États- que la nation huronne-wendat wendat a été approuvé pour
Unis (chez les Wyandot ait été dispersée suite à une une subvention échelonnée sur
d’Oklahoma, cousins des guerre avec les Iroquois les cinq ans.
Wendat), la communauté a obligeant à abandonner leurs
témoigné d’une renaissance terres ancestrales de la région Ce projet a trois grands objectifs:
culturelle et spirituelle, il y a de la Baie Georgienne en
environ 20 ans, centrée sur la Ontario. C’est suite à cette 1. Mener une recherche
tradition de la maison longue. guerre que certains réfugiés de linguistique sur les documents
Avec cet intérêt grandissant la nation huronne-wendat se d’archives des 17e et 18e
Continued/Suite Page 15

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L A V O I X À FA I R E R E N A Î T R E
Continuation from page 14/Suite de la page 14

siècles concernant la langue Ce projet tire parti de langue et maintenant quelques


wendat l’expérience d’autres milliers de personnes la parlent.
. communautés et chercheurs
2. À partir du travail autour du globe. Des tentatives Louis-Jacques explique qu’on
linguistique, le deuxième existent pour faire revivre des ne s’attend pas à ce que les
objectif est de créer des langues algonquiennes en enfants deviennent par-
programmes d’enseignement à Nouvelle-Angleterre à partir de faitement bilingues en wendat,
la fois destinés aux enfants et textes. mais ce que la communauté
aux adultes. Ceci nécessite la vise est que les jeunes soient
création de matériel scolaire En Australie, il y a le kaurna, une capables de parler de la culture
approprié. langue aborigène qui est dans leur langue. Le projet
disparue en 1930, mais qui est s’inspire de ce qui se fait chez
3. Le troisième et dernier maintenant enseignée là-bas les Mohawks et de
objectif est de l’enseignement
former les de leur langue
enseignants qui en écoles
auront à la fois à d’immersion en
apprendre la mohawk, une
langue et l a n g u e
enseigner le apparentée au
wendat à leurs wendat.
élèves.
Ce projet est un
Ce projet est un partenariat
défi de taille car il d’universitaires
y a peu de cas où et de gens de la
une langue communauté
effectivement dont Yves Sioui,
éteinte a été directeur de
rallumée. Louis- l’école de
Jacques ex- Wendake et
plique que la Isabelle Picard,
tâche est facilité la coordonna-
par l’enthou- ÉCOLE TS8TAÏE DE WENDAKE PHOTO: ARCHIVES DU CONSEIL DE LA NATION HURONNE-WENDAT trice du projet.
siasme des Celui-ci ras-
bénévoles : « Ce sont des grâce à un dictionnaire qui avait semble cinq partenaires : le
mania-ques de la lan-gue, » é t é c o m p i l é p a r d e s Conseil de la Nation hu-ronne-
explique-t-il. missionnaires au 19e siècle. wendat, le Centre inter-
universitaire d’études et de
Ces enseignants sont dévoués Un des premiers essais à faire recherches autochtones de
à la cause du Wendat et devront revivre une langue est le cas l’Université Laval, l’Université
à la fois apprendre la langue et d’une langue celte, le cornique, du Québec en Abitibi-
créer le matériel nécessaire qui avait officiellement disparu Témiscamingue, le Conseil en
pour l’enseigner. L’objectif est en Cornouailles en 1777 Éducation des Premières
d’enseigner une première lorsque la dernière locutrice Nations à Wendake et le First
année de wendat en septembre capable de parler couramment People Heritage Language and
2011. la langue décéda. Toutefois, Cultural Council de Victoria
depuis le début du 20e siècle, (C.B.).
on s’efforce de faire renaître la

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S T. L AW R E N C E I R O Q U O I A N
By John Steckley Iroquoian based trade noun roots for ‘village’:
language.
There is a research axiom that French explorer Jacques -ndat- Huron (Steckley 2007:
goes something like this: ‘often Cartier encountered the St. 145)
it is not finding new data that Lawrence Iroquoians, -nat- Mohawk (Michelson
brings about breakthroughs, it’s Iroquoian-speaking people 1973:76)
seeing old data in new ways.’ living along the eponymous -nat- Oneida (Michelson and
That happened for me this river during the 1530s and Doxtator 2002:554)
summer while working on the 1540s. One early mystery of -nad- Onondaga (Woodbury
Huron dictionary of Recollect Canadian history is the 2003:672)
Brother Gabriel Sagard. disappearance of these people. -nad(a)- Cayuga (Froman et al
Published in 1632, it is the In the beginning of the 17th 2002:504)
earliest dictionary of any century, the French found no
Aboriginal language. trace of them. The main difference between
Huron and the other Iroquoian
I’ve had a languages
computer shown here is
printout (from a that Huron has a
computer that -d- appear
took file cards) between the -n-
of the dictionary and the -a-. The
for more than St. Lawrence
30 years. Over Iroquoian
the years I c o g n a t e
wrote articles appeared as
about there Canada (Cook
being two and Biggar
Huron dialects 1993:93).
i n t h e
d i c t i o n a r y. Adding the
There was cognates to the
more to the dictionary made
story m e m o r e
sensitive to the
U s i n g t h e THE FRONTiSPIECE OF GABRIEL SAGARD’S 1632 GRAND VOYAGE DU PAYS DES HURONS differences
J e s u i t SOURCE: HTTP://WWW.NEWBERRY.ORG/SMITH/SLIDESETS/SS13.HTML between Huron
dictionaries of the language, Based on the archaeological and related languages,
which are a marvel of evidence of uniquely styled differences I had not connected
scholarship, it was easy for me pottery rims made by St. with Sagard’s work. When
to scoff at Sagard’s work. I saw Lawrence Iroquoian women, working on the Sagard project, I
different phonetic forms in the we know that at least some of started to recognize some of
dictionary and assumed they the women joined the Huron, these non-Huron but still
were mistakes of hearing or Mohawk, Oneida and Abenaki. Iroquoian signs.
understanding.
I recently wrote a dictionary of My new impressions were
I was wrong. Although he did Huron, which included confirmed when I translated
make mistakes, Sagard was cognates (related terms) in Sagard’s introduction to his
also hearing a third linguistic other Iroquoian languages, for dictionary. In this he talked
variation, a St. Lawrence example the following set of about the degree of linguistic
Continued/Suite Page 17

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S E E I N G D ATA W I T H N E W E Y E S
Continuation from page 16/Suite de la page 16
variation in Huronia being quite America. Seeing 30-year-old Museum of Man.
like that of his native France. data with new eyes (intellectual Michelson, Karin and Mercy Doxtator.
He highlighted some variable laser surgery?) opened up a 2002. Oneida-English/English-Oneida
phonetic features, some of heretofore closed chapter of Dictionary, Toronto: University of Toronto
which aligned with Huron/non- Canadian history for me. Press.
Huron differences, such as the Sagard, Gabriel. 1866. Histoire du
References Cited:
one mentioned above. For Canada ... avec un dictionnaire de la
example, the noun for ‘eyeball’ Cook, R. and H. P. Biggar, eds.1993, language huronne. Paris: Edwin Tross.
which in Huron also made a The Voyages of Jacques Cartier,
Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Steckley, John. 2007, A Huron-
metaphorical reference to the English/English-Huron Dictionary,
glass beads that were so Froman, Francis, Alfred Keye, Lottie Queenston, Ontario: The Edwin Mellen
important in gifting and trading Keye and Carrie Dyck. 2002. English- Press.
during the early contact period Cayuga/Cayuga-English Dictionary.
Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Woodbury, Hanni. 2003. Onondaga-
appeared in the following entry English/English-Onondaga Dictionary.
in Sagard’s dictionary entry Michelson, Gunther. 1973. A Thousand To r o n t o : U n i v e r s i t y o f To r o n t o
91.22: Rassade. [beads]; Words of Mohawk, Ottawa: National Press.
Acoinna [[o,]akwenna – eye,
bead].

This differs from the standard


Huron form: oiakwenda. The
noun for ‘awl’ another major
trade item, and the verb ‘to
trade’ likewise took forms that
were not standard Huron. I also
noticed words not found in my
Jesuit dictionaries, for example,
‘eel’: Oskeendi. Eels formed a
major marine resource
available to the St. Lawrence
Iroquoians. The St. Lawrence
Iroquoian term for ‘eel’ in the
small vocabulary list for their
language was esgueny (Cook
and Biggar 1993:91), a clear
cognate. Others followed.

Further, the morphology or


structure exhibited in many
words and phrases was
severely reduced, consistent
with a pidginized language.
Such pidginization occurs
generally with trade languages.
Trade languages, formed prior
to and during early European
contact appeared throughout
the eastern coast of North
NOTRE-DAME-DE-LORETTE CHAPE, OLD WENDAKE (QUÉBEC), HURON-WENDAT NATION
PHOTO: ARCHIVES DU CONSEIL DE LA NATION HURONNE-WENDAT

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Economics and Morality Wo m e n i n A n t h r o p o l o g y

Katherine E. Browne & B. Lynne Milgram (editors) Maria G. Cattell & Marjorie M. Schweitzer (editors)
Altamira Press © 2008 Left Coast Press © 2006, 259 p.

Economics and Morality: Seventeen women anthropologists


ECONOMICS Anthropological Approaches presents (born between 1913 and 1947)
groundbreaking, ethnographic research describe, in their own voices, the
£
AND
€ £ from international scholars asking challenges, obstacles, support and

$MORALITY
€ similar questions - how, in a given successes they experienced when
£

£ setting, do moral values interact with they decided to pursue graduate


$ economic practices? The contributors degrees in anthropology later in life,

£
£

$
present fieldwork from societies of usually after having a family and

€€ £

€ $
variable scales and degrees of integra- often, other careers. Many were
tion with capitalist systems as well as stay-at-home moms for 3, 5 or even
fieldwork from different kinds of 20 years. Because their lives
£
£

capitalist societies including those straddle various eras in U.S. and


organized around welfare state Canadian history (one author is


$

economies, economies shaped by an Canadian, another grew up in


£ Islamic state, and neoliberal western Canada), their stories illustrate
£

states. aspects of the cultural and demo-


graphic shifts that so changed
women’s lives in 20th century North
America.

Vi v r e à l a m a r g e ‘Incidental’Ethnographers

Louise Blais (sous la direction de) Jean Michaud


Les Presses de l’Université Laval © 2008, 266 p. Brill © 2007, 286 p.

Aux discours triomphants sur les This book, connecting the fields of
progrès de la science, les avancées social anthropology and missiology,
technologiques et les gains presents a body of colonial
sociopolitiques qui caractériseraient ethnographic writing applied to
les sociétés dans lesquelles nous highland societies in the southern
vivons, la « souffrance sociale » oppose portion of the Mainland Southeast
un regard différent, critique, qui fait Asian massif. The writers under
ressortir les maux qui sont comme scrutiny are Catholic priests from the
l’envers de ces avancées et en constitu- Société des Missions Étrangères de
ent la face d’ombre. En sont les témoins Paris. Their texts from the Upper-
une montée de formes traditionnelles et Tonkin vicariate, in today’s northern
nouvelles de phénomènes de Vietnam, are paid special attention,
marginalisation et d’exclusion, le poids notably through its major contribu-
de la souffrance causée ou aggravée par tor, F.M. Savina. The author locates
certains modes de fonctionnement this ethnographic heritage against its
sociétaux. Ce recueil comprend, entre historical, political and intellectual
autres, la contribution de Karine background. A comparison is
Va n t h u y n e a v e c s o n c h a p i t r e conducted with French missionar-
« Souffrance sociale en paroles.» ies-cum-ethnographers who worked
among the ‘natives’ in New France
(Canada) in the 17th century.

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Cultures and Ecologies Defending the Land

Edwin C. Koenig Ronald Niezen


University of Toronto Press © 2006, 240 p. Prentice Hall (2nd Edition) © 2008, 144 p.
In 1993, an Ontario Court decision Many have already heard of the
recognized Native rights to harvest fish campaign of the Cree people to
in the waters around the Saugeen-Bruce protect their forest way of life from
Peninsula, sparking sometimes violent the impact of hydro-electric
confrontation between Native and non- development in northern Quebec;
Native fishers about how these rights few have heard in any detail the
would be translated into equitable outcome of this campaign and what it
resource access for all. In Cultures and means for the future of indigenous
Ecologies, Edwin C. Koenig applies societies. This study serves to
ethnohistorical and ethnographic balance the more common theme that
approaches to the conflict, exploring focuses exclusively on the forces of
both historical and recent fisheries acculturation and social destruction
activity in the region. In an effort to of native communities. A new
clarify particularly contentious issues, epilogue discusses the background of
he provides insights into how the the “Paix des Braves” agreement, and
conflict was entangled with cultural the difficult choices faced by the
perspectives on the definition of Crees as they seek to reconcile the
‘conservation.’ values of forest subsistence and the
formal economy of resource
extraction.

T h e R i g h t s a n d Wr o n g s o f Buffalo Inc.
Land Restitution
Derick Fay and Deborah James Sebastien Felix Braun
Routledge © 2008, 224 p. University of Oklahoma Press © 2008, 280 p.
The Rights and Wrongs of Land Some American Indian tribes on the
Restitution: ‘Restoring What Was Ours’ Great Plains have turned to bison
o ff e r s a c r i t i c a l , c o m p a r a t i v e ranching in recent years as a
ethnographic, examination of land culturally and ecologically sustain-
restitution programs. Drawing on able economic development
memories and histories of past dispos- program. This book focuses on one
session, governments, NGOs, informal enterprise on the Cheyenne River
movements and individual claimants Sioux Reservation to determine
worldwide have attempted to restore and whether such projects have fulfilled
reclaim rights in land. Land restitution expectations and how they fit with
programs link the past and the present, traditional and contemporary Lakota
and may allow former landholders to values. Drawing upon on-site
reclaim lands which provided the basis fieldwork and using anthropologi-
of earlier identities and livelihoods. cal, economic, and ecological
Included is Evie Plaice’s Canadian case approaches, Sebastian Felix Braun
study “The Lie of the Land: Identity examines the creation of Pte Hca Ka,
politics and the Canadian land claims Inc., and its management styles as
process In Labrador.” they evolved over fifteen years. He
paints a compelling picture of
cultural change.

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Extraordinary Anthropology The Makers and Making of Indigenous


Australian Museum Collections
Jean-Guy A. Goulet & Bruce Granville Miller (editors) Nicolas Peterson, Lindy Allen & Louise Hamby (editors)
University of Nebraska Press © 2007, 472 p. Melbourne University Publishing © 2008

What happens when anthropologists Collections are a principal source of


lose themselves during fieldwork while information on how Aboriginal
attempting to understand divergent people lived in the past. Knowing the
cultures? When they stray from rigorous context in which any collection was
agendas and are forced to confront created—the intellectual frameworks
radically unexpected or unexplained within which the collectors were
experiences? In Extraordinary working, their collecting practices,
Anthropology leading ethnographers what they failed to collect, and what
from across the globe discuss the Aboriginal people withheld—is vital
importance of the deeply personal and to understanding how any collection
emotionally volatile “ecstatic” side of relates to the Aboriginal society from
fieldwork. Anthropologists who have which it was derived. The essays in
worked in communities in Central this volume raise issues about
America, North America, Australia, representation, institutional policies,
Africa, and Asia share their intimate the periodisation of collecting,
experiences of tranformations in the intellectual history, material culture
field through details of significant studies, Aboriginal culture and the
dreams, haunting visions, and their own idea of a ‘collection’.
conflicting emotional tensions.

C h i l d r e n ’s R i g h t s Eating Spring Rice

Tom O’Neill and Dawn Zinga (editors) Sandra Teresa Hyde


University of Toronto Press © 2008, 384 p. University of California Press © 2007, 290 p.

The contributors discuss the 1989 Eating Spring Rice is the first major
United Nations Convention on the ethnographic study of HIV/AIDS in
Rights of the Child from different China. Drawing on more than a
disciplinary perspectives, but are decade of ethnographic research
united in the belief that it is a tool to be (1995-2005), primarily in Yunnan
utilized and contextualized by Province, Sandra Teresa Hyde
individuals, institutions, and communi- chronicles the rise of the HIV
ties. If there is a single conviction to be epidemic from the years prior to the
found throughout it is that the rights of Chinese government's acknowl-
the child are far too important to be left edgement of this public health crisis
to states alone to provide and protect. to post-reform thinking about
To paint a detailed picture of the subject infectious-disease management.
as a whole, the volume looks at Hyde combines innovative public
situations in which the basic rights of health research with in-depth
children are often denied such as ethnography on the ways minorities
violent social conflict, parental and sex workers were marked as the
abandonment, and social inequality. principle carriers of HIV, often
Consisting of thirteen essays by despite evidence to the contrary. She
prominent scholars, it is an in-depth focuses on "everyday AIDS
and interdisciplinary exploration of the practices" to examine the links
significance of children's rights, and a between the material and the
tremendous resource for those working discursive representations of
with children and youth in institutional HIV/AIDS.
and educational settings.

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Aboriginal Healing in Canada Recording Their Story

James B. Waldram (editor) Judy Thompson


Aboriginal Healing Foundation © 2008 University of Washington Press © 2007, 207 pp.

This volume represents a collaborative Recording Their Story describes the


e ff o r t a m o n g r e s e a r c h e r s , t h e life of one of Canada’s first
Aboriginal Healing Foundation, and ethnographers, his work among the
five community-based healing centres Tahltan people of northern British
across Canada. The overall goal of the Columbia and his association with
research was to provide descriptions of the Canadian Museum of Civilization
the healing programs that would allow (CMC). In two field seasons, in 1912
for comparisons among them and the and 1915, under the auspices of the
generation of models of "best practices" CMC and with the participation of
in the delivery of healing services to many Tahltan, James Teit assembled
traumatized Aboriginal individuals and a large and important collection of
communities. Further, our goal was to artifacts, photographs, song record-
develop an understanding of the ings and myths. Part biography and
meanings and processes of healing in part catalogue of this collection,
Aboriginal communities, and to Recording Their Story reveals how
contribute to theoretical understandings the various threads of Teit’s life and
of the process of healing. work came together in his final major
ethnographic study.

Zapatismo Beyond Borders Rumba Rules

Alex Khasnabish Bob W. White


University of Toronto Press © 2008, 320 pp. Duke University Press © 2008, 300 pp.

Zapatismo Beyond Borders examines Mobutu Sese Seko, who ruled Zaire
how Zapatismo, the political philoso- (now the Democratic Republic of
phy of the Zapatistas, crossed the Congo) from 1965 until 1997, was
regional and national boundaries of the fond of saying “Happy are those who
isolated indigenous communities of sing and dance,” and his regime
Chiapas to influence diverse communi- energetically promoted the notion of
ties of North American activists. culture as a national resource.
Providing readers with anthropological During this period Zairian popular
perspectives that draw on a year of dance music (often referred to as la
fieldwork with activists, and also rumba zaïroise) became a sort of
enriched by the author’s own experi- musica franca in many parts of sub-
ence with contemporary social justice Saharan Africa. In Rumba Rules,
struggles, Alex Khasnabish examines Bob W. White examines not only the
the ‘transnational resonance’ of the economic and political conditions
Zapatista movement. He shows how that brought this powerful music
the spread of Zapatismo has unexpect- industry to its knees, but also the
edly produced new imaginations and ways that popular musicians sought
practices of radical political action. to remain socially relevant in a time
of increasing insecurity.

Culture is published by the English Editor, Craig Proulx.


Canadian Anthropology Society Rédacteur francophone: Karine Vanthuyne
and we encourage submissions Coordinator/coordonnateur: Michel Bouchard
to the newsletter. Design: Ekaterina Bouchard
Culture est publié par la E-mail: culture@casca.ca
Société Canadienne d’Anthropologie et Mailing address/Adresse postale:
nous vous encourageons à nous envoyer Culture, C/O Department of Sociology and Anthropology
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