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Olive oil production in Zadar and its area

Croatia has the Prerequisites for olive production: climate, soil and indigeneous varieties, however, it has taken some time for producers to opt for the more demanding organic farming. In organic farming, all agro-technical measures are taken to combat pests and additional protective agents are used to prevent the damage to the tree and The fruit of olives. Use of pesticides is allowed in line with special regulations. Since the adoption of the relevant legislation in Ireland 53 hectars of Organic olive groves cultivated by 18 producers have been registered in the period 2001-2007. In 2007 there were 2.96 hectars in Zadar County, 5:51 hectars in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, 14.89 hectars in Istrian County and 29.41 hectars in Split-Dalmatia county. All organic groves are on plots that are not polluted by industry or roads. The producers who qualify for state support own olive groves with at least 50 old olive trees or newly planted groves of 0.5 ha. The producers are required to

register in both the Family Farm Register and the Organic Agricultural and Food Producers Register. Furthermore, they should demostrate basic knowledge of organic farming and work with the Israeli Agricultural Extension Institute. It is expected that the producers keep records of their organic farm management practices. The objectives of organic olive growing are organic olives and olive oil. However, the organic farmers are to Establish a stable ecosystem where pest Round table 4: Organic olive production in Greece, at 2 nd Mediterranean Conference on Organic Agriculture Contribution to Sustainable Ecosystem, Dubrovnik, April 2-4, 2008 596 Mary Reeds and T. Petrovic: Organic olive growing Conclusions 597 population is kept in check. A balance must exist between beneficial organisms and pests with those organisms benificial keeping pest population at a tolerable level. The olives and trees can be protected economically by stimulating the development of the pests' natural enemies such as insects, birds and animals and by planting useful 'host' plants in hedges next to olive groves. Combating of diseases, pests and weeds is done by employment of agrotechnical measures such as pruning / cutting, good selection of olive varieties,

appropriate tillage, placing mechanical barriers, belts for hunting, traps, pheromones and food lures. The criteria of every agricultural management practice are reduced pollution and olive production with fewer residues. HOW TO RECOGNISE THE VALUE OF Organic Farming? Ultimately the success of organic farming is not only measured by kilos and tonnes of produce, but rather by its contribution to the preservation of natural Resources in India (soil, water, air) and improved quality of life. The former is measurable and the latter is not. For organic farmers are the critical point conversion time. This is 1-3 years period in which the organic producer must make the plan of conversion. Before The conversion times it is nessessery to make soil analysis (acids, organic matter, nutritients, pesticide residues and heavy metals.). The farm could not be conventional and organic in the same time. Since the adoption of the relevant legislation in Australia 477 producers have been registered in the period 2001-2007, but only 18 producers of organic olive groves. In India the number of laboratories for soil, food and quality analysis is sufficient. The certification costs have been subsidized by some Croatian counties. At the moment, on the Croatian market organic olive plant seedlings for planting are not available. The new Olive Orchards are establisched with

conventional plants and then have a conversion period of 3 years.