Anda di halaman 1dari 47

DIFINITION OF MEASURTUENIS the var rbles lisEed in rhis vo luhe are defined in this sectionr__ .^.

:u:: ' caurioned nor to consue these .refinirions as prease


i lhis index uithin reasonble l;mits, ue have used sev_ irr ;,reparing rhe deflnltlons. Ihese are as f"1i;";;--

eeP e r tr K c o n v e n t i o n s

; ^ - - - : : : ' -L:hlel. r e n g t l ' ro

:::::1".:::.

lqsition "".,,i;:::

of rh Subi "^r
^. +r^

M^ "+

nrs

Fere l,ade $trh

Dosirioo was ieportant and he1ras neasured in a.,po: __o !h.et than o,," of tirese rtrree is rhe posi.tlon described in tr,is index. l:i:: e t h r e -th bsic pos', ions are as follows:

;i---:;::

the subject in one of .i].""-

:::".:l l:^l:.-:, lvv^rrB 8e.net,

".:... t" rhe

Ihe usual posirion if no posirion is speci?iea defrnirion is thisr the subjecr sranaiserecr,
plane), heels tofeet, and wilh his

. strarght ahead (head in the lrankfort deight disEribured equalty or toth naturatt y at hts sides.

'rii

(2)

;t

!.:L!!!!s "' Ene measurement nrDe or in the deflniEion is rhis: ::-..-- . r-cr sirs erect, Iookirg srraight Iead (head in rhe :,j:-,.::t '..s"^:vr,' upper alms hangi[g relaxed, forearns and hnds _ptanel, ho.izonrally, rhighs para1lel, and rhe feer resting, 'r a surface adjusteal so that t}le inees are lfexed 9Oo. lllil},
i.:.::.:,

"'":..

rhe usuar poslrion if the $crd

appears

measuremen!s. Itre numerous head and face measurenenEs "ro v511" or ',to Top of Head,' !'ere usually (excepr -J.-i..J"io, in. ,1565 Ftyrns personnel 195) nade "rtr, .18' ti," ands e!ec! under lhe lEadboard, looking straighr ahead. The bea,tresp6 is adjusted so that its verrlcal anal borizontal pranes a,o in fifin conlacr \,.i.th the back and the toD of rhe head. The Side oJ rh BoC\ All. one-sided , sid. ::r..::. _:n"-l:1. :1,-*:::-,1:"t.::i:,,,"d:,:! ,neasuremenrs wete maile on the risht side ot rhe body, is especiarly specified, """.pi ?-.r.,i=+b wAc survey .he refr s1.re. ueasurents naae on cr,e opposite

;;::";:::;1.

;il::l:

J:'"

as part or their nanesas' ror exampre, Biceps

Heiqhrs. Br ea4.!!!!qc-9l!:l-j-iI

fet

an nade {i and dePths are straigh! line neasurements bteadths, ei8hts, ' Lensths are neasuled sinio' a si.oilar instn'.ent ".iip"'", ;;;;;;;*.."', atcs ale Eape the Ford i3!9 rs sPecified' Circuflferences and unless 1ar1y (I) A standinq hetehp is-lhe vertlcal on Ehe body Eo lhe lroor' distance front a specified point

(2)

distance froflt a specified bodv is rhe vettlcal A i:!!:g-!9i-C!! surface ot the footrest sultace as the sittios ;"'*.;-r;h; stated in the definitioo' speciis the horizontal distance measured fron a A ig:9-!ls-e!!h the same PolnE orr on the riSht side of the bo dy to fi:;-oitrt the 1ef! side. are Linb bleadths edge' its lateral measured acloss the Li'nb from its fledial !o

(3)

(4)

(5) '

tn a sagiEial t A t o t s o d e D t h t s a h o r i z o n c a l n e a s u r e f l r e nm e a s u r e d p t "i-?i6f,-ili fronc Eo lhe rear of the bodv' a horizodtal Torso cir.cunferences are normIly neasured in Plne'

(6) (7)

are noldalIv neasured in a PIane PerPendicuLinb circurferences !h. L."s axis of lhe relevant Iimb segnenE' I*;;

27

: D'T'INITIONS Of T.IEASLRXMENIS i -, ::r-::j-:l::-_: . The depch of rhe abEen.

t:
ctrcrference of rbe loser protrusion of rhe bnen.carnent. Thc nrc-

8.

Abdominal lxEension cilcumference. The torso a! lhe level. of the maxiEum nrerior
Abdominal ExEension CirclnnfereDce.

f.]_

9.

Over toundation

ceding neasurenent repeated $ith nenE, (NoE pictu!ed) 10,

the subject Dealing a foundaEion Bar-

AbdoEinal txtension Depth. The deprh of rhe tower torso at the level of the maximtnn anterior protrusion of the abcbnen. Abdoninal Extensio! Deplh. Over Founiltion Caflnent. The preceding nea- surement repeated lr'ith the subject wearing a foundation gament. (Not pict!ed) AbdoEinal ixlension Heiqht. sion of the bdonen. The height of rhe nximum ante!io! prorru-

,:

14.

18.

19.

Abrlnel :xcension HeiEhr- Over Foundationcrmen!. The preceding tleasu.emen! repeated iiirh the subject rearing foundarton gaflienr. ( Not Pi crured) Abdominal lxrension to 1,1a11. The verlical distance floft the nost Iatelally protruding point of rhe abmen ro a !ral1 agaiflst which the subjec! stands wj.th iniinal wa11-butlock conlac!. Acionial Heisht. The hight of the acronion. Sittine. The height of acrorrion above the sirring

20.

23.

Acromial Hipht. surfce.

along

The surface dl stance the outer edge of the arm from acromion to lhe biceps circumfer-

32.

Acroiticn to Dact!1ion the tip oi Ehe niddle

Lenerh. finger.

The vertical

distance

frol!

acromion

to

39. 48.

Acromion-Rdiale LenAth.

the distance

fron acromion to radiale.

The age, as of the previous birrhday, as reporred by rhe subjecr, 499, Lo shich 0.; years ras added. (Nor picrured)

28

t\
) i
, ( \

4,,) Itt
t l

AL ORIGIN ?.7 AU OF POOR

'

'

, -,]

29

58.

Ankle clrcunieience. t i e a n k t e b o n s .

The minimun circumference of rhe 1ee iust abowe

64.

H .Ank1e ish:' l.g.


Antcrioi junction, ,Ante!ior

The height

of

the

1ewe1 of mininum circleference

of

I
fron suprasternale surface distance p1ane, of lhe ja$ and the neck. surface distance from the oost to

72.

\eck Lenqth. The in the niCsagittal wais! Leneth. ?he

74.

anaerior

poinE o; the loaer neck to Faist 80.

Level.

The distance fron tbe wal1 to the lip of cnu *iaArn Reach fion Llell. finger measured with lhe subjec.'s shouldels against the vall, his d1e hand and aflr extended folllard. j Axilla-r Arm circunference. in the armpit. Axil1a Haishr.
'{aist A-xilLa to 1eve1.

89.

The circunfel:ence of the arln neasu.ed high-

T h e h e i e h t o f the arlPic.
Lenqth. The

surface di stance fr:on tl|e afllpil

lo

waist

The tape Cistnce across th back as nea sured from che Back Curvature. plane at chest 1eve1 to the poini o' the righ! side in the nidaxillaly poinE, sinila;1eft 97. Cir&rlrference. Ball-of-Foo! lhe maxilnul! circurference of .he foot meathe nelatarsal sured around the <iislal ends of th proluberances of

103. !!,e.sr9si3l--Ereeg!!.
left acronion. 107.

Ihe

distance cross lhe shoulders from riaht

to

Biauricular Breadth. The discance from the rDst laleral light ear !o the same Poin! of the lefr ear.

poinr of the

111.

Biceps circumterences. Flexed. Itle mal.irtrr circunference round the the arn bent 90'' the upPer arn horizonEal, and biceps neasured with Ehe fisr clenched. Biceps Circuftference, on tne opposlEe arn. Flexed. IL The (liot pi(Eured) preceding measutemenl repeaied

i12.

113.

Siceps cii.umfernce. Relaxed. The tllaxihum circu:tference of the n! at Ehe LeveI oi the biceps measured wich the arm hanging relaxed. Eiceps Ciicunference. ReIaxed. lI. on ihe opposile arn. (Not pictured) The pleceding neasurenent repeated

114,

30

-: .,,':, "i
. ,."1

l...'i

3L

122'

Bidgiroid Breedrb. The holizontar arisrance across rhe r.ximum raEe:r prorrusions of che righr and left deltoid nuscles. Sieonial B:eadth, The breadrh of tbe jaw acloss rhe goniat angles. _ i j : :

126. 130.

Biiliocristate Bredth. The bredth of rhe rorso measred berveen !h. superior poinrs oi the ilia i.n rhe mtdaxillary plane. Ihe -!]-ee!9.1j-I_-!-!-_g!_1. and I dreral ankle bones. Biocular Breadth. disrance across rhe protlusions of the medit

r,"'

138. 14O.

Ihe distance betrreen tle

ouler colners of th eyes..

'1
142.

Sispinous Bieadth. ttre transverse alistance between lhe centers of the n r r i o r s u p e r i o r i t i a c s p i n e s . !itraqion Breadrh. left rragion. fhe bredth of the head es measured fron lighr !o

t{.1

144.

Bitraeio.-Coronl Arc. Ihe distance from right to teft sured i'irh the iape passing over lhe cop of the head.

rrasion mea-

146,

Bitrieiop-Crinior Arc. The distance floft right to left trgion mes u r e d w r l h E h e E a p e p a s s i n g o v e r r h e hairline. Oiited on the bald .a:rd Blt.ras.ion-Inion Arc. Th distance fron right wrEh i:he laDe pssing over the iniot. to left Eragr.on easrl!ed

"t
':,,l
..1
'i

148.

r50.

Bi!:ae:on-Uenron Arc. The atisrance fron righr !o left rith rhe tape passing under rhe tip of ci,e :n.
B i t r : e r ' 6 n - l . r in l . t h F-^-;-! ^-:::5++!:I]Ij"E h t h e E a pt!3l--Is.g rhe <risrancefrom rishr neasureduic epassin across rbe forehed.

tragion

neasured

152.

to

Ief!

arag10n

,-:l
.l
l
! |

ii

-..i I
:-]

. ,*t
. i -5
i

32

:t"!

V^---r'-.-'.i-'
'. l I l A 4 6 1,. | ,/a

.4
t (

33

I54.

Bitrqqion-Pcsterior Arc. The distance florr riglrt to lef! sureC wiEh the tape passing over the base of rhe skull.

Ela8aon nea_
i

156.

Sitraqion-Submandibular Arc. the distance fro& lighr to left measured wiih rhe rape pssing under rhe 8onia1 angles of 3iilaeion-Subnasle Arc. the disrance fr:on lighr s'rred vith Ehe tape passing just belo!, rhc rDse. Bitrochanreric Breadth. The holizontal ters measured rirn rhe flesh coryressed. Bizvqonarlc 3read:h (Iace Breadrh). across rhe nlost larerally projecti[g Bust qepth. ?he tip oi her bra. hor:izontal !o lef!

tragion I

158.

:.

l6l.

distance between

165,

The breldth of rhe face measurecl plorrustoas of Che teEporal bones. flon the subject, s back ro rhe

169.

itistence

172.

Fu stooini-Busrpo int Busrpoinr Heiehr.

Breadrh,

?Ae

distance

btreen

rhe poinrs of the

174. 178,

The height of the point of rhe bra.

puttock Circu-nfe:ence. The circulference of the body neasured at rhe level of rhe maxinun postei:ior protuberance of the butiocks. Butrqck Circunterence- Sittine. Th circrEfelenc of rhe butrocks measureo lrith rhe lape passing under the bultocks and brouthr up diagon_ 1ly acro ss the lap. !uttock C:rcumference. Sitrinq. Ower !oundaEion Canpen!. The previous mesurement repered wirh rhe subject waring a foundarion (Nor Pictured) Buttoc!: Derth. The depth of lhe torso at the level terior prorrusion of lhe bu.EocK. of the rnan mumoos_

179.

180.

183.

185.

Buttock Depih. Over loundation Carmenr. The previous measurslenr re_ peated lriEh the subjecr wearinB a foundation garmenr. (Nor piciured) .luttock Heiqhr. b u t L or L . The heighr of rhe naximu! posrerior protrusion of Ehe

188.

)c
(*)

-:-r'

35

191.

Burrock-Hee1 Lensrh. The dtstance fr:on the bse of rhe heel to a wall againsr which rhe subjec! sias erect wilh his Ie8 maximalty extended forward along ihe sirring surface. Puttoc!-KI,e- Lenerb. The horizonral dtstance from the rearmost face of Ehe burrocks ro the fronr of the kneecaDs,
frol! the rearnost

194.

2O0, But!^ck-pqrliLeat Lenerh. The horizonral disrance surlce or rhe burtock Eo rhe back of rbe louer tes. Calf Ci:cunference. 209,

The rdaxiftrm cir:cumference of rhe lol,er les.

lsi!ltle ?eig * . f ,(:r.i i .E .p,ir r . .r.erdh o : cru I i, )


Ca1{ Deprh. The deprh of

p r e v i o u s e a s u . e n e n t e a r eoln t h e O P P O m rep .
rhe loire! leg at the leve1 of of the 1eve1 of the rlximum circurference
of cervicale.

212,

215.

Calf Heiehr. The height the lowe! 1eg.


Celfical Heisht.

of

219.

The height

220. -q----1s--Eeiel!j--lil!f
223. 227. Chest Breadih.

rhe

heishr

of ce:vicale

above rh sirlins
1evel. level rnea-

The breadrh of rhe rorso measu.ed ar nipple o f the torso at nipple

Chesr Breadrh (3one). The b.eadrh sured wirh pressure. (Nor piccured) Chesr Circu:lfelence. ple 1evet. The

230.

circumference

of the tolso measred ar nipof rhe torso aE Ehe

t h es ! c i : c . u m f e r n c e r s c v e .
revel ol lhe arnDits.

Tle

circumferenc

232.
below Ehe c,,ps of che lra.Chest Depth.

The

circumference of the clest

Just

The deprh of the torso measureil a! nippte

1evel.

Chest Deoth t Scve. lnlerior:

The depth of rhe torso measured at scye 1ewe1. of p.ocess. rhe c_hesr at rhe leve1 of rhe

23 8 . thgst Dep.h 39low_Bu.sr. The deprh


nlgin of the xiphoid

36

l7

24 \ .

Chest Herg!t!.

Th height

of

the

cente!

of

the nipple.

2 4 5 . Chin Proninence to llall.


sion of Ehe chin Eo sall.

the

distance

flon lhe rFst anielior

Proiru-

249. 252,

Crotch Heieh!.

The hei8hl of the sddpoint of the crorch. | : ....

from the anterlot nidPoint of the eaist The distance -9:9!-9L-!eIS!!. ie".I above the buttock fiEasured wilh lhe tape passing Ehrou8h ;-rrist prollusion of the buttock. the clorch and over the rnaximum The height of lhe tiP of lhe nliddLe iinger DactvLiqllqig!!. with Lhe arm, hnd, and finBer exlended down$ard. ihe surface distancr frorll acromion to the Point' Deltoid Arc. belor !h deltoid, nhere lhe muscle disappears frorn view. jus'

265,

269.

273.
277.

&:eql-ggg4-!!iel9!l. .rddl. of th. b."k;f


!g-!::g4$. nar L.-nath. long axis.

The thickness of a skinfold Picked up ar rhe the hand and fotlwing the long axis of lhe hand.
long

The breadth of the ea! measuted PerPendicula! to its rna-risn!! length of lbe ear as neasured

280.

the

alonB the

282.

The disrance 1ong the lons axis .Er-!eLg!!-4!9J9-fI-e.Ci9!. fronl !.agion to the level of the upPe! tlP of the ear'

of the ear

285.

The holizontal distance fron the bony eminence directEar Proirusion. of the ea!. ly behind che ear to the nost lateral protdsion .E9e-9e4N9-!g-9!9-!-e.e.i9-e. eye !o o aobasion suPerio!. the dlstance from the oute': corner of rhe

287.

289.

The distarce -E-9!9-9eg!r9-19--&f--gfteeg. eye Eo the level of lhe lop of the he!d. Eclocanthus to walI. to wal1. The distance from

fron

the outer

coner

of the

291.

the

outer

corner of the eye

38

ttt Itt,

--11-273

,*l

t9

293.

Elbo' Breadth (Humeral Breadrh). The atisrance berveen rhe med.ial anat Iaterai epiconoyles oi !i1e hune!1]s measured lrith t.he flesh conptessed, Elbow Sreadth (Huneral Breadih). 11. on the oppoEj.re elbow. (Nor piccured) The plevious mesur:ementrepeared

297.

3O0.

xlbor Circumfeience. Ilexed. th circrinfelence of the elbof,' measured over its tip and rhrcugh its crotch wtth the ani benr 9Oo, lhe uDDer: arm horizonral, and the fist clenched. Elbow Circurference. lullv Bent. The disrance around rbe naxiftjn p!oninence of olecranon and the insiile face of lhe elbow tleasured ,ith the elbo!, ful1y flexed and lhe fingers rouching the sholder. Elbo!,' Circuoference, Relaxed. The ctrclsference with rhe tape passing ove! lhe tip of the elbow. Elbow Helsht. The heiahr of radiale. heighr of rhe bo trom of rhe tip of rhe el bor,r of the elbolr neasureil

301.

303.

309. 312.

ElboF Rest Highr. The above th sitring surface.

318.

Elbow-Elbor' Sreadrh. the disrance acloss the lateral sulfaces of rhe elbow's rreasured !,rirh the elbows flexed and lesting lighrly againsr lhe bo dv.

40

322.

ntbow-crip Lenslh. The disrance f!o,i rhe tip cenrer of lhe clenched fist. Elbojr-Hrist Lensrh. The distnce fron the rip of tbe sr)'toid process of rhe ladius. lve Heiehr, Xve fieiqht. the sitting

of the bent elbolr to rhe

324.

o f the elbow to rbe rip

328. 330.

the height of rhe tnner corner of t h e e y e , Sitrinq. surface. The heighr of the inner corne! of the eye s measureal wirh fiflr

334.

Ienolal Breadrh (Ktee Brieadrh). The bread:h, pressure, acloss lhe epicondyles of lhe fenur. IgIlgJaI Breadrh .(Knee BIFadrh). II. on the opposite knee. (Not pictured) Iibular Heiehi.

336.

The plevious measurellen! repeared rip of t h e f i b u l a . finge!

340. 344.

The height of the superio.

Iineer Dianerer t Meracarpale III. The aliarDeter i n t h e i d d 1 e as derermined by rhe smallest hole in which rhe f i n g e r can be lgretineer l:enprh. The disrance flom rhe crotch of rhe rhumb ro lip of the forefinger (digit II).

345.

the

348.

Jilst_PhaJenllensrb-pisi!.IIr. se8nenr of Th. lengrh of rhe first Ene mrdctre ringer nasured across the surfaces of rhe third meticargal and the second phlanx while the hand ts held in a fist. The circuderence of rhe clencted fist (rhe thumb Iist Circunference. lying ac.oss the end of rhe fist) measuled with ct. i.p"-p.r"rr1g o.,". the tbunb and rhe knuckles.

352.

42

./r
\ /

:: - " r-.i I

as nreasuled ar ilgrE 362. Foot Lererh.

The angLes to of

llaximln

its

breadth

long axis. ro

of

the

foor

The len8rh

the foot measured paratlel

its

long

3 6 9 . gg:eCII1 ciirunference. 37 0 . 3 7 8 . lorearn-Forearlt

Fle.(ed. The ba:<iliun circunference arm oenr, rhe upper arr holizonrl, and rhe fist "I.;J;;:

of --

Bqi axec.
Breadrh. rorealms measured wirh the bo dr'.

The maxinum ci rcu'nterence of ihe lower

The di srance acloss t h e t i s s u e r ! s s of lhe the elbolrs flexed and resring ltghrty against

381. *rsn',:&d__!s-!s$;r"3:. 386. +3+r9+-el-!ea_!sqg+.

ut".*."

frorD rhe tip of rhe elbow ro ah-

:llg straishtened..the knee -:'":.,


38 9 .
of che iorehead head.

lhe rongaxis .r "it_ iii"".-.]:^T"l"i."l1ionc or a ciair, r,i" tr,e i.g-trl-ir,i s,.,t.;."r on edge i"g
.,.!""iJl ;;;;:;r;;* "r"
the disrance the broll lidges from the lnosr anterior poln! to the level o! Ehe top of lhe rosE anterior: point of the

The disrance froln rhe back r Faist levet ro

391. c1abe11a o ra11. r


iorehead

?he dlstance froft the bebJeen the brow ri dges ro wa11,

395. 398. 402. 404.

Cllrleal Arc, The surface furrow to raisr 1ewel.

disrance

over rhe butrock fron rhe g l u t e a 1 the furrow lrhere the gluteal

Gluteal Furror Heicht. the heighr of curve inrersectss rhe back of the thigh.

crip Dierete:. Inside. nre diamerer of rhe widesr tevel of a cone which .he subjecr can g.asp icith his rhnb and middLe fingei touching. grip 2nd
sured

Dianerr. Outside. The phalnges of rhe thlb


with che hand held

distance berween rhe joint of rbe 1si and and rhe knuckLe of rhe middle finqer neagrip dianete!,. inside.

as for

Grip 5Eren"th. pictured) 409, 411. 413. 416. 417.

S c . e n g L h a s n e a s u r e d o n a Snedley dynanrmetr.

(tlot

Italflrav-ro-Hip Cilcumference. The circumference of the tolso at a level halfisay beEneen wsist level and the level of rhe lrochanters. Hand Bredlh. The breadth of ends of the neracarpal bones. the hand as measured across rhe distal

Hand sreadrh Across Thumb. The breadrh of rhe hand measred at the leveL of ihe disial end of lhe firsr meracaipale oi the rhtElb. SanC.9ircunference. The circumference of the hand neasured arounit

Hand Circumference fncludinp Thrnb. The cilcwtfelence of the hand measu.ed in a plane ar light angles !o rhe long axis of lhe hand, uirh lhe iape pssing ove! rhe proxinal join! of rhe threb. Harc Lenqth. middLe iinger The disranc fror it," lure of rte hand Lo lhp ron ^, neasured along the long a-'.is of rhe hand. joinr ]e III). The of rhe rniddte finger.
the head. of ihe head lleasured

a2O.

rha

423.
netacarpal-phaLangeal
Hed Bredth.

thicloess

of

The maxinum breadlh of The naximum

4 3 0 . Head Circunlference.
433. 437. 438.

circwference

ltiEh the tape passing above, bur not including, Hed Diaqonal fron Inion ro pronasale. rhe rip oi cire nose Eo inion. Ihe

rhe brow lidges. rransvers distance from

Head Dlsonal-Maximun f!.om yenton to Occtput. The naxinun rransverse distance fronl the rip of rhe chin ro the back of the hed. Head Diaponal-Maximu:! fron Nuchale. the naxi[ln transvers dlstance from the loeesr poinc plpab]e at rhe base of rhe skult to the cip of t h e n os e . Head Lensth. Tne maxinun length of rhe head as measured flom g1abella to rhe back of rhe head.

441.

, --4

_ . l

.- ; -.. ..1
.l
j

1
.

qqr.

neer-Arf.le ctrcun:rercp. T h e d i s l a n c e measured iound the foor !,ir.h L a p e p s s i n s u n d e r r h e r i p o f r h e heel and over the insrep ar the juncrion of rhe foot and 1eg. Heel B.eadth. The nLaxinum breadth of the heel as mesured behind rhe projecrions of the ankle bones.
Hip greadrh. The l*inum breadtb of the of lowet torso. as measr:red acloss Ehe

450.

4 5 9.

Hip Breadth. Si:tins. The breadth \ridesr porrion of rhe hips.

the bodt

461.

tlip Bredrh. OveT Founqation carment, Measuraeenc :!157 Ene suDJecE wearing a foundation garnent. (Nor picrured) llle cilc@felence %. measured a._ rhe tevel of rhe trochanterions. of rhe torsi, -'': )-

465.

466.

Yio. Circunferencq 7i' Beloe Waist Leve1. th circr. felence of lhe er Eorso measuied ai a 1eve1 7,, belo;,aist tevet.

low-

468.

. rhe circ@rerence or rhe rowlI:" L!1"":"""'e s u r e d er orsom ar a level 9r, belov vaisr lev1.

470. Bi!-..91;.cg3{9rn9e J" BgioJ wa}sr Level. gver lo,,ndrion Car,_,enr. fte crrcufrierence of lire toue! rorso a! a le""l "f F-to" --iNot r,alst tevel measured'irh rhe subjecr aearing a foundalion g^!In.rt. picrured)
472. Hio

suremenr'lth

circumrernce "r

Clrcunfelenc

.ffii."j

9,' Be1ow Waist Leve1. Over Foundarion C

n:.

The

rhe subjecr wer:ing a foundation Bar1aent. (Nor picrured) The heisht of rhe rop of rhe irium in rhe l[id_

489. .l*+rj::e-ls-!s:e!!. axil try pIane. 490, 1 1 i o s p i n I e H e i s h c . 493.

lhe height of 11io spinate.

5i:=" llii-l:'"":". ;;:"i"rT: *tl:.


Instep Leneth. of Ilaximur nedial lnterocul:r

"0"

rhe. verricar circumference the insrep nea_ of passins under the root and over the junction or
!o t}le pcinc

496.

The alistance flom t h e p l a n e o f l h e h e e l protuberance of lhe f o o t . the ctisrance


betFeen the inner

500.

Bredth.

coners

of

lhe

503.

Iltglpulil1arl'

3!eadrh.

The

disrance betreen the cenrers of the pu_

48

) : . . ' -.

tF

506.

Interscve. the axilLary folds at

rape Clsrance rhe 10! level

ac::oss the bck beree. of rhe arl.pits.

tne posierior

507.

lntrscve. Hayimun. The tape distance across the back beEileen Ehe scye poin.s measured 'ith rhe subjecr sirling erecr wirh his arns exte.ded forwar:d and horizontat. _ In!:rscle. II. the tape distance across the back between the posterior axillary folds a. rhe lo$er levet of rhe arnpits measured Fich the sub_ ject sirting v-i !h his hands on his knees. (Nor Dictured) e. Yayinuh. II. T h e tape dlstance across rhe back between the scye polats neasured l,irh the subjecE sranding, torso benE forear,d fron lhe raisc a! an an8Le of about 90o and arns hanging relaxed. Inter,c'

i __-- -l t _-:Lt. t: _

508,

509,

511.

Juxta Niop1e Skinfold. The rhickness of a skinfold picked up jusr sperior !o rhe nipple and parallel to rhe leteral nErgin of the pecroral Knee Circunference. The circmference vel of the nidpoinr of th patella.

515.

of the knee neasured at the,1e---

5 1 6 . Knee Cj rcur{.:?nce. Fu1lr Benr.

T h e dislance around the nximw knec prominence and Ehrouth rhe crease behind the knee, measured wirh rhe subject in a squarri.ng posirioir rdrh the knee fu1ly f1a\ed.

517.

Knee Circunference. Sirrinq. The naximurTr circufrfelence ot the right knee s measured wirh a rape passing ove. rhe popliteal brought up at 45o ower rhe knee. Knee gisht. rhe height of rhe rridpoinr of the kneecap. from lhe foorresi strrface, of the

327 .

Knee Heiqh!. Sittinq. The height, muscularure Jusr abowe the knee, 532,

Kne-ro-Knee Breadrh. The maxrrar:m h o r i z o n t a l d i s t a n c e a c r o s s l h e t d lra1 surfaces o; rhe L,nee rneasured w i t h t h e l o e e s g e n t l y l o u c h i n g . s

50

-19.e_

l - l

t ,J i
itt

.,.

rl

i1

539.

Lara'nx to i.rall. The r r A d m r sA p p l e " t o t a l L .

distance

from the nost

anterior:

oorlton

of

the

543. !.e.!e:.el-y9.Lls9.]ri-!-9!c]E .
point oi rhe lareral 547, 549. 552. 555.
j I

The ankle bone.

height of the rpst

Lateral

projeciing :

Lip Leneth. The distance between lhe while che facial muscles are le]axed.

corners of lhe rDuth tiasured the corne:s of the nDuth point of

Lip Lenelh. Sniline. The distence between neasured r{hile the subjec! siriLes bloadlt. Lip Plotrusio:r to Lja11. The the lips co wall. distance

i.

flom lhe nDst anrerior

Lip-to-Lip Lensth. The distnce, in the EidsagitLal plane, fron the lower nargin of lhe lower lip to tbe upper nargin of lhe upper lip. The cilcrinfelence of lhe leg neasured jus! the , . } above the knee.

t l

5 6 1 . Loaer Thiph Circumference.


569. 572.

Maximumrront1 Breadih. Forehead bresdth s rDeasured betr'een nraxillur bulges of lhe bro$ ridges a! about the ends of the eyebrolr.

I
l
1 I

Maximrm Reach lron waL1. The distance frcnt the wa1I ro the tip of the mj.ddle finger measured with the subjec!rs back and left shoulder pressed ginsi the tjall, his right shoulder thrus! as far forrard as possible and his !1! and hand e-{rended horlzontally. Mediil Celf Skinfold. The rhickness of a skinfoid on rhe nedial surthe calf at the 1eve1 of the rnaxinrro circrnference face of picked up parallel lo the long axis of the lolrer l8, neasur:ed Eitll th knee flexed about 90 degrees. Medial l{alleolus fieipht. The point of the medlI ankle bone. heighr of rhe rDst medially projecling

576.

I
l i I

579. 583. 585.

Menton-Crinion Lenp:h. The distance fron the botlon srface of the chin to the mid-lornE of che hairline. Omitled on the bald and balding. Menton Proiection.
chin to the jnclure

it I
:1

The
ol

distance

fro!1

the

rDo foFard st
the of jau. the

point of the
r o the

the neck and :he borton of the tip

586.

Menton-Sllion LeneEh. fr:om The distanc deepesE poinL o: Ehe nasal root depression. Menlon-Subnasale Lenqth. Ihe af che chin Eo che bse of the Menton to Top of Hed. llle of the chin ro the level of Menton to w11. The distance

clin

I
l
j I I

592.

froin the distance nas1 septu!. frol the the head. .ip of the

lower

edge of

the

t1P

595.

dlstance rhe top of from the

lover

e{ige of ro wa1l.

che

riP

597.

chin

T I
J

52

J I

sye

53

60r,

Yetac:rr.iale lIJ HeaFhr. r rnger join5 rhe pal.

Th

heighr

of

rh

knuckle wilere rhe ,oiddte

605.

Line at Unbilicus Level Skinfold. The rhickness of a {idqsili:r. rord pr cRed Jp "i unbrlicus tevel !n Ene Didalitlry line. Line ar xiohoid Level Skinfotd. {ig+xiJlFr'' The rhj.ckness roro pr cRedup at xiphoid level in the nidaxillary line. oi a skin,-- ;

606.

6'2'
615.

i' ,

{:H:.*1-.s--Ec*u,--ei!t1!s; "};_:;':i:"".:r:':,il:

::.:::.:n""'o",

_L.

l{igthie} Circufrf.erelce. The. circlmterence of lhe upper teg in a plane midway becaeen rhe tovest poinr j.n rhe c.oc"f, ."a riti.f". yiILiEgE l.ronral Arc. The minimum disrance across the remporat crests DeEreen rnerr poinEs of naxinuD indenr.!i.on. YiniTuf FronLa_l Breadrh. The bredrh .erar oony ends ot Lhe brow ridees.
T h e maximum breadlh

616.

618.

of

the forehead acr:oss rhe la_

6 2 2 . Nasal Sreadih.

of the nose.

6 2 5 . Nasal Root 3ieadrh. 629. 636 '

The breadth of the nasal roo!. Tne height of the deepest point in t h e n a s a l
!oo!

-\9S!:9!!!99]-e!._!SEeS!, The .listance from rhe intersection of the nec}' and shoulder to rhe rip of rhe bra neasuled vtrh Ehe rape ileId rense and not follolning the boC, contour.
Lelerh. f S-c-!:-cSt_wicC1e. T}|e lape disrance fron cervicate ror polnt or Lhe juncr.ion of the neck and shoulder. Neck-Waisr Leneth. The junction of rhe neck fronr of the body. Neck Circunference.
the Adan's AppLe.

637.

ro rhe supe!_

638.

tape distance fron the superior point of rhe and shoulder to lratsr 1evel measred over rhe r!ximt'n circumfelence

639.

The

of rhe neck,

including

649.

Nse Lenqth. N os e P r o t r u s i o r .

T h e distance

from sellion

to the bottori of the rFse. protruslon of the nose.

The nBximum anterior

Olecranon Heisht. *ith Ehe arn llexed

The height of rhe underside of the elbou. freasured 90 degrees and the upper arlr velrical.

/.

- a t s2 l

55

656.

p.alrnLensth. Ihe distance tIe bas wnere Ehe middle finger folds-flol! upon rhe paln, Patella patelta Botton HeiEhr. Top Heiqht. the hetght.of

of rhe hand ro the fr:tow

663. 666. 670.

rhe borron edg of rhe kneecap.

The height o, the rop eatg of the kneecp. of the upPr e'l8e of the junctlon of the

Penale Heieht. lbe hetEht I penls r'ith lhe abonen. _


!1p Eo the

674. pl.rilrrum Lanqth.


base of

rhe
the

::::iT:r"*:

the e'rse or che upper membranous


of lhe under6ide of c}Ie uppe! leg above floh nuciale at the base

6 7 8 . l g p l i r e a l H e iq h r . t h e heiSht Erle toolres! surfac..

686'

**t'ff#-hlsrr$..rrhe

s.rrace dlstance

6e''

$i*iili*3ff#r1n"T:"01t"..'."

rromrhe rip or rher'se ro


of the nose to wa1!. nEsured

Pronasale to Wa11. I.lte dl.stancc floE t}le tip

698,
702.

*g.t*+*#;
t".in-ir-o"
Sapittl Arc. Ite

"T; :":..::i" "f

frto radisle to stylion nenging loner alr!.

;i;B;;-;;,:;".::

alistanc

f; : ;:"y."rnff

d rrom, ra 8label ( be_

56

./r

:t':::

. ::_. ,l -.
. l

74673I. S.ro!alF-ro-Meesurenents. Tpe made, both stttinR and sLandi.ng, over Lhe tront o f the body fron scrotale, the nidpoi;r of the crotch ro: 706. 709. 7I\. 721. & & & & 707. 710. 1I2. 128. Midshoulder Suprasternale waisr !eve1 Scye Level !o: ! I
!

and over Ehe back of the boaly from scrotale

7t4. & 7r7. & 722. & 724. &


fron scrotale

715. 718. 723. 725.

CervlcIe MidshouLder Scye Level Waist Level

lJere dade !,irh the tape passing ovr th bulrock .a1so to vais! leveI and raidshoulderl these aie no. pii.rr".-.'

58

735. Scve Circumfelence. The circuraferen:e of the scye, rneasured a ver_ in tj.cal plane, as high as possible in the ampit and passing over acro739. S e l l i o n t o Top of t{ead. Th distancc froln the deepest poin! n a s a l r o o t deplession to lhe level of the top of lhe head. S el l i o n t o llall. The disranc frotn the deepest p o i n t
dep!es sion to vaI l. in th in the -

741.

7 4 7 . Shoulder circumf erence. The circmference of the l e v e I o f E h e Bretest lateaal protrusions cles. 751. Shoulderi-Elbov Leneth. ltre vertical distance froE ecronion ro the boatol! of the elbow, measured rriEh the elbow bent 90 deglees anal the lower: alln held horizontal. Sbouldei-c.ip Le4qth. th. horizontal distance floltr poiorer held in the subjecr's fis! to a r'al1 a8ainst whicb he sits, me;surect ,irh rh aim xtended forrard and ho!izontal. Shouldr leneth. The sulface distance frord actomion. at rhe end of the siloulder blade, ro rhe junction of the shoulder and -.ie neck. -9.11!-i-eC_-gS_+I!. The the head. heighr, from rhe sittlng surfce, to rhe top of -.

752.

754.

758.

760,

-Sitqine Heieh!. Relaxed. the heighr, froft the sl.uing surface, hed, measured ith rhe subject sirting relaxed. (No! piccured) Sleeve Insean. the disrance the base of rhe thurb. fron the anrerior

of the

764.

edg of Ehe arnpir

to

768.

Sleeve Leneth Selment-Spine !o Elbow lenpth. Ihe dista$ce fro rhe nidline of the spine to the tip of th etboe, neasuled \'ith rhe ains po sitioned for sleeve length. Sleewe Lenerh Seqmenr-Spine to Scve Leech. nidline ol rhe spine to scye oeasnred with sleewe length. Ihe atistance from the the a!l!s posirioneal for

770.

772.

Sleeve LenqEh See/nenr-Spine ro wrist Lenqth. The surface disrance froh cne midline of lhe spine !o the ulnar styloid plocess measuleatFirh the alms held horizontal, r}le elbol',s bent ber!'een 600 and 90o. and the fists touchins.

60

_ i

1
i

773.

:il';:' :i:":i::,";":::.::":1ff..i:":.;1":::"":i:.'J::"
The distance a l o n B t h e o u E e ! surfce of

Sleey9.Len.srl-posre!i(!.

her hip and the rape passint over the oleclanon. 797. The distance berveen rhe rips of riglt !!eq. when rhe subjecrrs aros are rnaximally *"""a!a

the to the di stal fist placed on

and tefr r"i...ii".--

niddte

finaers

798.

Son Akitubo. The atisrnce berEeen lhe elbo$ poinls measred l"ilh rhe_ _ _ -!r .lrs flexed, held horlzonEatty, parlrs a"., i i i e " i s - straight and togeI rher, and rh@bs touchirg the chest. Sphvlion Heipbr. Stature. The heighr of sphyrion.

801. 805. 808.

the height of rhe top of the head.

9r?.ure a.s B.eporred. The hight as given by th sbject imnedialeIy prior Eo being measured. (Not prcturedj

811.

ets' gp;;;;fiiffi
821.

Slglure. yaximun: fre height of rhe top of che head measuredwhen th subject has, afrer raking deep breath, ,*t*ify "-xi...,0u0 i.,i.""ff v e r r i c a l l y h h i l e k e e p i n gh i s f-ae r f i a t o n r h e f t o o r . e inoc-pt.rur.al

i,l*" $":;:"i"iil-";':":"; :f fi:.;::.:'.0"

Slr_apL.eneth. The disrance from one bra tip to the other as measured --if," -ia-ie with rhe rape passing over tbe back of tf,"' "."t, Ueing heia Eense and nor following the body con!ou!.
Subnas1e-Sell ion Lenerh. fhe distance flom the base of the nasal sep_ turn to rhe deepesc poin! of the nesal root deplession. Subnasale to Top of nead. the dlstance fron the base of the nasal seplum to rhe plane of the rop of the head. from the base of the nasal septun to of a skinfo Id picked up lusr

825.

827.

azs. !r++"a.:-:.!cl9-Js!-!. the arsrance


833. !9.5ss9pul-al skinfold. The _

rhickness

i::":Tr':;:'ill":nsre
834.

o r r h e r i s h r s c a p u r a n dp a r a l i e r L o r h r e n s i o n a
precdirg neasuremellt repeated on lhe

oe_

Subscapular SkinfoId. fI. The opposite side. (Nor picrured) sybslernle Heisht. rne breast bone. Sup.asternal e HeiEhr.
t]1e uiijei edge of lhe

837,

The

height

of

t h e nidpoint

of the lo*er

edge of

84I.

The

height

of the lowest point

of the notch in

62

797

.,,--

r,Fl \z
.\

?-^-.___i
i j ^ - .

t
794

r{/

)JI(

844'
84s '

upin rhemi. d*:ii:*:c--!-log.Ld:,*:,';;"H:":.::.," ;-:ff"ii,fi :-"d


"..."dt,,r ,aesurenentrepealed on
a skinro rd picked up "" *:__
uppet teg rneasured as.

#:e+i:ei-+-Leggl-].I1."3!,
848,

9uprao!9tJa Skinfold. The rhickness of rorer rhrSn above r-he pacella.

t |].

852.

JlLigh..i,tunference. T h e c l r c L t e r e n c . ur 4e nrgn ln Eh crolc}I as possible.

*i*-**-ffii*ff*..n" high
8s6' #:e#*ff-ffi,"1'
859,

in Ehe crotc_l: a-s po".ilf",

llt-e-circumferenc, in a plane pelpendi_ upper Leg, of th rhigh .s ,ei"ui.a "s

o"tnt

or the hishest point or rhe rhish above


Ihe llaxitnlm breaalth acloss the tbiehs.

Thl?h-Thiqh Breadth. SiltinE.

860.

B.""dthi si ro,na,tro.,c"r"""--. lllte previous **,:ll l,nl rePeaEed ch sur.i wi ecr ".u' ing--?Et io-,., (Not Sarment. ff :il::;"
Jblrnb_.c,rolchLen8th.

864.

.,i,,, jjF;t,?u"r,,ea ::;,,::r;",:",:i:,i:i.LTl?,31*.";":,3t"


867. -T!+!:3+_++S!The distance fron rhe $a11 to rhe. subjecr i s. shoura.." .!.i""1-ir,i-t,';;, tbe rip of rhe rh.olb i:.::::9 1r.h ;i" arD exrend_ eo rorl'rd, and his index finger touchrig *,. .rl oi-ii"--ii._r. sioilar to rhrnb-rlp reacr.
869.

Ihe

itisranc

fro'!

rhe

skinfold

at lne base of

*.-b:-l*-3c++gggeg.

excepE "" po""iur"-"1-ii" crrat ri"pi"e .o" ;:;. ;;51i,":"?l*;;,;:,.::':l:":.i'.r.'

64

,--q,

,/-r
(

65

873. 877. 882.

?ibiale

Heiphr.

nre heighr of the ploxlnat The heigit !!,ad. of trgion.

Traeion HeiEht.

roediat nargin of tlte ribia.

Feig!_19__&-e_ 884. 888' Traqion ro fa1t.

The aHstance from rragion

to rhe tevel

of the
I

?he distance fron tragion

to r'11. on rhe back of Lhe back crp of e elbolr, picked

-Tficsp: skinfo"ld: thidcness of , skinfold _ fte o r the arr halfpay berlre

up parar ler .. ;;;-;,;'*;:'.;Tl':;r::."*:

aso' S#=*:tffirg.r
894. 896. Tro chnteric HeiEhr.

-.u;*"

o-".".rn, easureaent repealed rhe oppoon

The height of trocbanterion. of the clesr belo!, the bust or the abtr]en, above re sttrlng

qrunk Deprh. The deD!h ehicbever is rhe targer. Trunk Heishr.

898.

Ihe heighr of suptastemale

surface.

66

-;l
a f

&

'':
l-

I
I

911 .

Ve.rtic1 Crip Reach. subj ect, s fisr when the

ff ,:"#:Jf,; :::::::.Tj:":::".n,arin rhe


.,1 n . l D.e s u b j e c t , s Ei

#Ftr+#*+rffi
inally exlended upi,ard.

I ' e i B h t a b o v et h s i r r i n 8 surrace
fisr ben the arl!.!s E:x_

e13' re!ri,e-r+-c-ee!'r,;::."':::'1.:f..:T.:::.:f,;:"
914. vgyiic?l RSEch.SiErinp. l

nd.'erinser when rhe

ff *tfiF=;;r_ff ;", .",:,:,-:Tr.:,:,:,::i;:.;":::"::"::


l&rticl

916.

9I7.

ffi

rtock end along the *rlr


Trunk ':;;l:::*:'::e:"'*-'
the

tx":::{: F;u;":i" :ti


.i ir,"-i".t.'

Peated with

rhe previous measurerenr re-

68

r 1 1 --a

69

921.

Waist Back. Tte surface distance, along rhe spine, Iron,a1sr lo cervicale (rhe tip of lbe 7th cervical v"rtel.r). Waist Bleadrh. The breadrh of th rolso at wist 1eve1.

revel

924. 928.

over Foundarign :+jj:rE.rgegtb.. subjecE wearinscanlenr. rhe p!ececinE perec wrrn Ene a foundatlon g,..,.. [N.i1i..".""1
Wais: Circumference. The cttcumference of the rorso at lrisr 1evel.

932.

y:::.:!tli:^{.,i l,jiloi"r",.""

. rhe precedins wiEh lne subjecr wearins a ioundartongrm"I,.. rneasure_ iNor pr._
sitcine. The ctlcumference of the torso IevI. levet. at .oaist

933.

g3:e!

circumference.

939, 941. 9.'3.

Waist Deoth.

T}le depth of tbe torso ar uaist

Waist Derth. Sitrins.

The deprh of the torso at waist

!eisl_p.epFh. gve! Joundrion.crmetr. The peacecr \rich :he subJect werin8 a ro,rndati."

precedins mesuremen! e_ r g;.";;;. inoi-prcru."at plane from sais!

946.

The surface ilistnce in the rnidsagittal I\tais't fronr. leve1 to suprasteltraIe.

947.

I{aisr rront from Cervicale. The itistance fron cervicale to waist 1ever, measur:ed wirh rhe lape passing elog the base of lle neck ro rhe neck-shoulder in!ersecrion ""a tolfo.tni the conlou! of lhe body to waist level in the nidsagittal plane. waist Heieh.. ll?i:! lteisbt. waisr lvet. The height of waist Silrine. The leveI. su-face of rhe

949. 95lr

htghr florn rhe sirting

ntt.
960'

Y:Till . survey,

":u., or T.!" pictured) (Not

essenlially oude, weisht (xcepr for lhe HExs


pri-

ljcigbt-e-s-Eepgrted.. wel-ghr as reporteal by the subject ift@dtarely or co being neasured. (Not pictured) wfist Brea_dlh. The distanee berween rhe radtal and ulnar minencs of rhe wrist neasured wirh lhe flesh ""-;.;";;;._ri5t aircunference. ,.. _ ,,: :he rj st)loid srytoid

964.

pro-

967.

The circunference of the risE at Ehe leve1 of process of the radis.

el . _I:::_!_jli]r.

The height of stylion.

'77

,t-

INOEX DIIIENSIONS OF

I N O E XB Y N A M E , A N A T O M I C A L AEGION,ANO NTHSOPOMETBIC A IECHNIOUE

g+*U': I jiffilff[.ii'if!:F.tifu *rufitrru* ji;;i


aBDOnIra! DEPti, strtIXc

jiiiiil,fr t,"' $l;jtTi;g


r 6

llruE ctecuxritexce.sr

rNXLE HEI6XT '54

rnieqron tecr<LaN6rH arz

Ir{T!RI0R xtIsI ^RCS

!r{GrH r14

a 0 0 0 n l N r ! x T E r { s I O rc I R C u T F a R E X C E { , r r30o8Ir{AL EXr:NSIOn CIRCUT., oFG , 9 laooilNtL EXTENSION pIN O a10 OF6 '1a aaoonltal. xtENSIOr HEIGrit ar! t s o o f r t n a L E r l E X S I O N" a a n r r , oan ar, a 0 0 o r ' t l N A rE x I N S I O Nt o r 4 L L a?O ! C R O l l I A LI ] E J G X I , 2 3 A C R O X I A !H t 6 I I I , S I T , I N G '2, a g D o x l N ! a t E N S J O xo a p r l l . ,

. t ct-uTEa! lRc r395 T . t | l T E R S C Y 5 0 5 ,

t:::';:" iiiil#triiqi;gidrii
i,xrnu|',507

ii iii,rir iif* llru t, rl,'

::ill:l::l::

::i[;li:l';^i.:]iyn'rr,soe

:::l8ii3:l-..:i3i".:):t","' , . 5 L E ev E
LENcrr{-posTiiton rzr r acRoil0N TO atcEps cIRCU'tFr_LEVL J30 acRonloN TO OAClrLtor{ L E N 6 T X' 3 2 A C R O X IN . R A OL E L E N G I H ! 9 O ! I '

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72