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Phrasal Verbs Phrasal Verb act like (inseparable) Meaning behave in a way that's like _____ Note: This

phrasal verb is very informal. misbehave (for people); not work properly (for machines) Examples What's wrong with Bob? He's acting like an idiot.

act up (no object)

The baby sitter had a difficult time. The children acted up all evening. "I guess I'd better take my car to the garage. It's been acting up lately." Add up (make sense) His evidence just doesn 't add up. add up (1. no logically fit His theory is hard to believe, object) together Note: This but his research adds up. "His phrasal verb is theory seems, at first, to be often negative plausible, but the facts in his research don't add up." add up (2. find the total. What's the total of those bills? separable) Could you add them up and see? add up to to total. The bills add up to $734.96. (inseparable) That's more than I expected! Ask after (inquire about) Jim was asking after you. ask out ask for a date. Nancy has a new boy friend. (separable) Joe asked her out last night. back down (no not follow a threat; Tom was going to call the object) yield In an police when I told him I'd argument wrecked his car, but he backed down when I said I'd pay for the damages. Shella was right, so Paul had to back down.

back off (no object)

not follow a threat Tom was ready to call the police when I told him I'd wrecked his car, but he backed off when I said I'd pay for the damages. back up (1. no move backward; You missed the lines in the object) move in reverse parking space. You'll have to back up and try again. "The people waiting in line are too close to the door. We won't be able to open it unless they back up." back up (2. drive a vehicle You're too close! Back your separable) backwards (in car up so I can open the garage reverse) door. back up (3. confirm a story, If you don't believe me, talk to separable) facts, or Dave. He'll back me up. information back up (4. make a "protection" When my computer crashed, I separable) copy to use if there lost many of my files. It's a are problems with good thing I backed them up. the original Bargain for (take into acount) We hadn't bargained for there being so much traffic, and we missed the plane. be off (1) to be cancelled The lead singer of 'The Rolling usually used in Beatles' pop group is ill, so the present tonight's concert is off. The tense (of an concert is off. event / an arrangement etc.) be off (2) (of to have gone bad Nick decided to have a fried food) egg for breakfast, but there was a terrible smell when he

cracked the egg. 'This egg is off,' he thought. I can't eat it.' The egg is off. be over to be finished The storm is over; it has stopped raining and the sun is shining. The storm is over. be taken aback to be surprised and Jeff was taken aback when he used in the confused opened the door and passive discovered an elephant. Jeff was taken aback by the discovery of an elephant. Jeff was taken aback. Bear out (confirm the truth) Helen's alibi was borne out by her sister. beat up to hurt someone Two men beat Fred up and left badly by hitting and him lying unconscious on the punching pavement. They beat up Fred. They beat Fred up. They beat him up. beg off (no decline an At first Lily said she would be object) invitation; ask to be at the party. Later she begged excused from doing off. something blow up (1) to destroy Mr Trent hated his house, so (something or he blew it up with dynamite someone) by and built a new one instead. explosion; to Mr Trent blew up his house. explode Mr Trent blew his house up. Mr Trent blew it up. The house blew up. blow up (1. inflate We needs lots of balloons for separable) the party. Will you blow them up? blow up (2) a balloon/a tyre /a Uncle Joe blew up the balloons football etc. to fill for the Christmas party. Uncle

Joe blew up the balloons. Uncle Joe blew the balloons up. Uncle Joe blew them up. blow up (2. explode; destroy by A: "That old building really separable) exploding came down quickly!" B: "That's because the construction company used dynamite to blow it up." blow up (3. no suddenly become Whe I told Jerry that I'd had an object) very angry accident with his car, he blew up. bone up on review / study If you're going to travel to (inseparable) thoroughly for a Peru, you'd better bone up on short time your Spanish. break down to stop working. Tom's car broke down on the (1) (of way to the airport, and he had machinery) to get a taxi. I His car broke down. break down (1. separate something We spent a lot of money at the separable) into component supermarket. When we broke parts the total cost down, we spent more on cleaning supplies than food. break down to lose control Alec broke down and cried (2) emotionally or when his mother died. I Alec mentally. broke down. David broke down and wept when he heard the news. break down (2. stop working / Sharon will be late for work no object) functioning today. Her car broke down on the freeway. break in (1. enter by using force Jane's apartment was often no (and breaking a burglarized last night. object; with an lock, window, etc.) Someone broke in while Jane object, break was at the movies. /

with air; to inflate

into-inseparable) break in (2. separable) wear something new until it's / they're comfortable

break in (3. separable)

train; get someone / something accustomed to a new routine break into a to enter somewhere building / a (e.g. a house) bank / a house illegally, especially etc. by force. break off to end; to interrupt; talks / to discontinue, stop negotiations / talking an engagement / a relationship / an agreement etc.

break out (of unpleasant things e.g. wars, epidemics, fires, violence etc.) Break out in spots / a rash / a cold sweat

to start, usually suddenly

to become covered by (something).

"Somebody broke into Jane's apartment while she was at the movies. These are nice shoes, but they're too stiff. I hope it doesn't take too long to break them in. I hope I can learn my new job quickly. The manager hasn't scheduled much time for breaking me in. Last night a burglar broke into my house and stole my television set. A burglar broke into my house. A burglar broke into it. Peace talks between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. have broken off after three days of serious disagreement. Peace talks between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. have broken off. The U.S.A. has broken off peace talks with the U.S.S.R. They have broken off peace t The Second World War broke out on 3 September, 1939. In 1939 World War Two broke out. World War Two broke out in 1939. World War Two broke out on 3 September, 1939. Cyril broke out in spots this morning. He broke out in spots. He broke out in them.

('to show signs of great fear) break up (1. no object) What time did the party break up last night? The party finally broke up at 3.00 am. Break up (2) to end; to separate. The Greens' marriage broke up (of a in 1985 after only two years. marriage / a Their marriage broke up. They family / a broke up. Money trouble broke relationship up their marriage. Money etc.) trouble broke it up. Break up (2) to stop. The headmaster broke up the an activity fight between Roger and Clive. The headmaster broke up the fight. The headmaster broke the fight up. The headmaster broke it up. The fight broke up. break up (2. end a personal Tim and Julie aren't going usually no relationship steady any more. They got object; with an really angry with each other object, break and broke up. "Have you heard up with the news? Julie broke up with [inseparable)]) Tim!" "I'm sorry to hear that their marriage broke up. I'm sure the divorce will be difficult for the children." bring / take return something Yes, you can borrow my pen, back don't forget to bring it back to (separable) me when you're finished. "This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the library." Bring about (cause to happen) The crisis was brought about by Brenda 's resignation. Bring off (succeed in doing The team tried few ears to win disperse; scatter; come to an end

something) bring off (separable)

Bring on (1) Bring on (2) Bring round

bring up (1. separable)

bring up (2. separable)

brush up

the competition and they finally brought it off. accomplish No one thought Chuck could something difficult; get an A in that course, but he accomplish brought it off. something people had considered impossible or unlikely (cause the onset of Sitting in the damp brought on an illness) his rheumatism. (cause trouble to You have brought this on/upon happen to) oneself yourself. (influence someone After much discussion, I to your point of brought the committee round view) to my point of view. mention (as a topic We planned to discuss of discussion) overtime pay in the meeting. Why didn't someone bring that topic up? I feel I ought to bring up another small matter. raise; rear; to take Lucy's parents died when she care of a child until was a baby. Her grandparents it is fully grown brought her up. Joe's mother and able to care for brought him up well. She itself; to train and loved him, cared for him and prepare a child for taught him how to behave adult life. Note: himself. Now he is a polite Children are young man and his mother is educated at school. proud of him. She brought up Joe. to improve your Frank's visit to the knowledge, skill, or international business memory of conference in Paris was a (something you disaster because his French

was so bad. His boss said, 'When you get back to England you must brush up your French by enrolling in an evening class.' Frank must brush up his French. Fra brush up on review / study If you're going to travel to (inseparable) thoroughly for a Peru, you'd better brush up on short time your Spanish. burn down (no become destroyed / Lightning struck Mr. object) consumed by fire Kennedy's barn last night. It Note: For upright burned down before the fire things--trees, fighters arrived. buildings, etc. only burn down to destroy by My house burned down last (usually of burning. night. In the morning it was buildings) just a pile of ashes. My house burned down. Someone burned down my house. Someone burned my house down. Someone burned It down. burn up (1. no become destroyed / All of Mr. Kennedy's hay object) consumed by fire burned up when his barn Note: For people burned down. and non-upright things only burn up (2. cause someone to Did you hear how rudely Fred separable) become very angry talked to me? That really burned me up! butt in (no impolitely interrupt Hey, you! Don't butt in! Wait object) (a conversation, an for your turn! action) butter up praise someone I guess Martin really wants to (separable) excessively with be promoted. He's been

used to know, or do, but have now partly forgotten).

the hope of getting some benefit call off an cancel something event / an that has been arrangement / scheduled; to an activity etc. abandon something often used in that has already the passive begun. (separable)

buttering his boss up all week. The Football Association called off the match between England and Greece because of bad weather. The Football Association called off the match. The Football Association called the match off. The Football Association called it off. The match was called off I don't know why the teacher never calls on you. You always know the answer. Mark was called up when the war broke out. Why are you so upset? Suzie didn't intend to spill orange juice on you. Calm down! "I know Ralph is upset, but can you calm him down? He's making so much noise that he's irritating everyone in the office." My father was very angry and it took him ten minu A: "Would you care for something to drink? We have coffee, tea, or orange juice." B: "Could I have water, please? I don't care for coffee, tea, or juice." Amy's father got out of the hospital last week. The family is caring for him at home.

call on (inseparable) Call up

ask someone for an answer in class (mobilise for military service) become calm / less agitated or upset; help someone become calm / less agitated or upset

calm down a person / a difficult situation etc. (with or without an object; with an object, separable) care for (1. like; want Note: inseparable) This phrasal verb is Note. used usually negative, with (not) though it may be used affirmatively in questions care for (2. take care of; supply inseparable) care to; attend / watch.

Carry off

Carry out

The attack was successfully carried out. carry out to fulfill or perform Sergeant Jones ordered Private instructions / a (something). Wilson to push the waggon duty / an order across the field. The waggon / a threat / a was very heavy but Private test etc. Wilson carried out his orders without complaining. He carried out his orders. He carried his orders out. He carried them out. Cash in obtain cash for catch on to become popular David's strange new hair-style (colloquial) is really catching on; all the young boys in the neighbourhood are copying it. I David's new hai r-style is catching on. This new hair style is beginning to catch on. catch on (no develop Bill had never used a computer object) understanding or until he took this class, but he knowledge of caught on very quickly and is something now one of the best students. catch up stop being behind Terry stopped to rest for a few (with) (often minutes. He'll catch up / catch without an up with us later. object; with an object, inseparable)

(complete successfully perhaps despite a problem) (complete a plan)

Jane had a difficult role to play, but she carried it off.

check in(to) at a hotel, an airport etc. (inseparable)

to report one's Jack took a taxi to the hotel arrival; register for / and checked in. Jack checked at a hotel, in. Jack checked in at the hotel. conference, etc.; let Jack checked in to the hotel. someone know Note: When Jack left the hotel officially that you he checked out. My plane will have arrived arrive around 5:00 PM. I should be able to check into the hotel by 6:00 check off make a mark to Here are the things you need to (separable) indicate that do. Please check each one off something on a list when you've finished it. has been completed check out (2. follow procedures I'm sorry, but you can't take separable) for borrowing that encyclopedia home. The something (usually library won't allow you to for a limited period check reference books out. of time) check out (of) follow procedures Don't forget to take your room (1. for leaving (a hotel, key to the front desk when you inseparable) etc.) check out (when you check out of the hotel). cheer up to become happier; Jack was feeling unhappy, but (separable) help someone feel he cheered up when he heard less worried / that he had passed his exam. depressed / sad Jack cheered up. The good news cheered Jack up. The good news cheered up Jack. The good news cheered him up. Suzie's brother was depressed about not getting a promotion chew out scold someone Tom's father was really angry (separable) severely; berate when Tom didn't come home until 3:00 AM. He chewed

Tom out and then said Tom had to stay at home for two weeks. chicken out lose the courage or Sam said he was going to ask (no object) confidence to do Lulu for a date, but he something--often at chickened out. the last minute chip in contribute / donate We're going to buy a birthday (inseparable) (often money) to cake for our boss and I'm something done by collecting donations. Do you a group want to chip in? clam up suddenly become Lila wouldn't talk about the (inseparable) quiet / refuse to talk accident. When I asked her about something what happened, she clammed up. Come about (happen) Let me explain how the situation came about. come across to find A lucky tramp came across a something or (unexpectedly) or wallet full of money as he was someone meet by chance walking down the street. He (inseparable) came across a wallet. He came across it. I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while your're cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place. Come down to (be in the end a It all comes down to whether matter of) you are prepared to accept less money. come down become ill with George won't be at the office with _____ _____ today. He came down with the (inseparable) flu over the weekend. Come in for (receive - especially The government has come in criticism, blame) for a lot of criticism over the decision.

come into money / property / a fortune etc Come off Come out

to receive something (usually money or property) after someone's death. (take place successfully) (appear)

Peter came into a fortune when his father died. Peter came into a fortune. Peter came into it.

come round or to regain come to consciousness

come to (1. inseparable)


come to (2. no regain object) consciousness

Come up

Come up against Come up to

(occur- usually a problem -colloquial) (meet a difficulty) We've come up against a bit of a problem. (equal - especially The play didn't come up to expectations, expectations. standard)

I'm afraid that deal didn 't come off after all. All the flowers have come out. When the news came out, everyone was shocked. My photos didn't come out very well. James fainted when the airconditioning stopped working. Two of his colleagues took care of him until he came round (came to). James came round. James came to. Your charges come to $124.38. Will you pay by check, in cash, or with a credit card? When I told Gina that she'd won a million dollars, she fainted. When she came to, I told her it was a joke and she almost hit me! Look, something has come up, and I can't meet you.

come up with to think of; to an idea/a produce; think ofplan/a especially an suggestion etc. answer, a plan, a solution

count on (inseparable)

depend on; rely on; trust that something will happen or that someone will do as expected Crop up (happen unexpectedly colloquial) cross out show that (separable) something written is wrong or unnecessary by making an X across it cut back (on) use less of (often without something an object; with an object, cut back on [inseparable]) cut down on to reduce in size or smoking / amount. cigarettes / drinking / spending / production etc.

Arnold and his girifriend were separated by a deep ravine. Eventually, Arnold came up with the idea of cutting down a tree and using it as a bridge. He came up with the idea. He came up with it. We still haven't come up with a solution to the problem. I'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I won't hear the alarm. Don't worry, you can count on me. I can't come to your party, something has cropped up. We can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so I've crossed all the unnecessary things out.

You drink too much coffee. You should cut back. "You should cut back on the amount of coffee that you drink."

Last year Peter was very ill and his doctor told him to cut down on the number of cigarettes he smoked. This year Peter smokes much less and feels a lot better. Peter cut

down on cigarettes. Peter cut down on them. Peter cut down on smoking. cut off (often This verb can refer Paul was talking to Anna on used in the to either: a) the the telephone. Suddenly they passive) service or supply couldn't hear each other. Paul that is cut off e.g. phoned Anna again water, electricity, immediately. 'What happened?' etc. or b) the person Anna asked him. 'We were cut who is cut off to off,' replied Paul. The operator disconnect, cut them off. The operator cut interrupt or off their call. They were discontinue something or someone. die out to disappear The great dinosaurs died out completely; to millions of years ago. The become extinct dinosaurs died out. Do away with (abolish-colloquial) Dog licences have been done (1) away with. Do away with (murder What if they do away with the (2) colloquial) old man ? do in (1. cause to become The Ajax and Tip-Top Banks separable) very tired have decided to merge. Their lawyers will draw all the official documents up sometime this month. do in (2. to kill; to murder The said that the murdered separable) man was done in between 10 and 11 o'clock last night. do over do something again Oh, no! I forgot to save my (separable) report before I turned the computer off! Now I'll have to do it over!

do up (1) a house / a room /a flat/an old car etc.

to repair; to improve the condition and appearance of something; decorate (colloquial)

do up (2) a to fasten; to button; shoelace / a to zip; to tie. zip / a dress / a coat etc. drag on (no object) draw out (separable) last much longer than expected or is necessary prolong something (usually far beyond the normal limits)

Draw up (1) draw up (2. separable)

(come to a stop) organise especially a document; create a formal document

drop by (inseparable)

visit informally (and usually without scheduling a specific time)

We are having our living room done up. When Bob and Sally bought their house it was in a bad state, so they spent six months doing it up. The house looked beautiful by the time they finished. They did the house up. They did up the house. They did it up. It was a very cold day, so Brian did up all the buttons on his overcoat. He did up the buttons. He did the buttons up. He did them up. I thought the meeting would be a short one, but it dragged on for more than three hours. I thought that speech would never end. The speaker could have said everything important in about five minutes, but he drew the speech out for over an hour! A white sports car drew up outside the door. The contract is being drawn up at the moment. The Ajax and Tip-Top Banks have decided to merge. Their lawyers will draw all the official documents up sometime this month. If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please try to drop by the house.

drop in

to pay a short visit, Laura was shopping near her often without friend, Lynn, and decided to warning. drop in and see her. Laura dropped in to see Lynn. Laura dropped in to see her. Laura dropped in on Lynn. Laura dropped in on her. Laura dropped in. drop in (on) visit informally If you're in town next month, (inseparable) (and usually usually we'd love to see you. Please try without scheduling to drop in. (Please try to drop a specific time); in on us. Drop in any time you pay a visit 're passing. (colloquial) drop off (1) to stop a vehicle David drove his wife, Sue, into something or and let someone get town and dropped her off in someone out; to take the cinema. David dropped oft something (or his wife. David dropped his someone) to a place wife off. David dropped her and leave it there. off. drop off (2) to fall asleep (often The baby has just dropped off. unintentionally). John sat in his favourite armchair and dropped off. Five minutes later, his young son came into the room and woke him. He dropped off. drop off deliver something; Yes, I can take those letters to (separable) deliver someone the post office. I'll drop them (by giving him/her off as I go home from work. a ride) "You don't have to take a taxi. You live fairly close to me, so I'll be happy to drop you off." drop out to withdraw from, Sam dropped out of the race or stop taking part because he felt tired and ill. He in (a competition, a dropped out of the race. He

social group, a dropped out. school, a university, a job etc.) drop out (of) stop attending / No, Paul isn't at the university. (inseparable) leave school or an He dropped out. / He dropped organization out of school. eat out (no have a meal in a I'm too tired to cook tonight. object) restaurant Why don't we eat out? egg on urge / encourage At first Bob and Chuck were (separable) greatly toward just having a mild argument, doing something but Bob's friends egged them (usually something on until they started fighting. negative) end up (1. no finish in a certain We got lost last night and object) way, or place; ended up in the next town. We finally arrive at; ended up staying there for arrive at an lunch. The car ended up in a unexpected place ditch. end up (2. no arrive somewhere You're working too hard. If object) as a result or you don't take it easy, you'll consequence end up in the hospital! face up to have courage to You have to face up to your (inseparable) deal with responsibilities. You can't especially pretend that you're doing OK responsibilities; in this course, Joe. Sooner or admit to; take later, you'll have to face up to responsibility for the fact that you're failing it. Fall about (show amusement - Every one fell about when Jane especially laughing told her joke. - colloquial) Fall back on (use as a last resort) If the worst comes to the worst, we've got our savings to fall back on. Fall for (1) (be deceived by - It was an unlikely story but h e

fell for it. Fall for (2) I fell for you the moment I saw you. fall out George and Sam went out for dinner together. The evening ended badly because they fell out over who should pay the bill. George tell out with' Sam over' ' the bill. George and Sam fell out.. Note. "fall out with a person " fall out over something Fall out with (quarrel with) Peter has fallen out with his boss. Fall through (fail to come to The plan fell through at the last completion) minute. fall through not happen. (Note: We had originally intended to (no object) describes go to Mexico for our vacation, something that was but our trip fell through when I planned but didn't got sick. happen.) feel up to feel strong enough Old Mr Smith didn 'tfeel up to (inseparable) or comfortable walking all that way. I know enough to do the accident was a terrible something shock. Do you feel up to talking about it? figure out (1. logically find the For a long time I couldn't separable) answer to a understand the last problem, problem; solve a but I finally figured it out. problem by thinking about it carefully figure out (2. understand why I can't figure Margie out. separable) someone behaves Sometimes she's very warm the way she/he does and friendly and sometimes

colloquial) (fall in love with colloquial) to quarrel

fill in (1. add information to separable) a a form; to complete form / a (a form) questionnaire etc.

fill in (on) (2. supply information separable) that someone doesn't know

fill in for (inseparable)

temporarily do someone else's work; temporarily substitute for another person fill out (1. complete a form by separable) adding required information fill out (2. no become less thin; object) gain weight find out (about) (inseparable) learn / get information (about)

she acts as if she doesn't know me. The office needs to know your home address and phone number. Could you fill them in on this form? It took me an hour to fill in the application form. It took me an hour to fill in the form. It took me an hour to fill the form in, It took me an hour to fil I wasn't able to attend the meeting yesterday, but I understand that it was important. Could you fill me in? / Could you fill me in on what was discussed? Professor Newton is in the hospital and won't be able to teach for the rest of the term. Do you know who's going to fill in for her? Of course I completed my application! I filled it out and mailed it over three weeks ago! Jerry used to be really skinny, but in the last year he's begun to fill out. I'm sorry that you didn't know the meeting had been canceled. I didn't find out (find out about it) myself until just a few minutes ago.

find out the to make an effort to truth / a discover or get to secret / an know (something) address / the time i when / what / why / where / who / which etc. Follow up (1)

Follow up (2) get across (separable)

get along (with) (inseparable) get around (1. inseparable) get around (2. no object) get around to (inseparable)

Mr Jones wanted to catch the train to London. He was late and he didn't know which platform the London train left from. He found out which platform by asking a ticket collector. He found out which platform the train left from. He didn't know which platfor (act upon a Thanks for the information suggestion) about that book. I'll follow it up. (take more action) We'll follow up this lesson next week. make something Alan is really intelligent but understood; sometimes he has problems communicate getting his ideas across. I had something the feeling I wasn 't getting understandably; be across. understood especially get an idea across have a friendly Why can't you and your sister relationship (with); get along? Everyone else gets be friendly (toward) along with her just fine! avoid having to do Teresa got around the required something math classes by doing well on a math proficiency test. move from place to She doesn't have a car. She place gets around by bicycle, bus, or taxi. do something I really should wash the dishes, eventually but I don't feel like it. Maybe I'll get around to them tomorrow morning.

Get at

get away

The prisoner got away from his guards and ran into the forest. The prisoner got away from his guards. The prisoner got away from them. The prisoner got away. get away with to do something Last year Jack robbed a bank wrong or illegal and got away with it; the without being police didn't even find his punished (usually fingerprints. Nowadays Jack without even being lives a life of luxury on a discovered or beautiful tropical island. Jack caught) got away with the bank robbery. Jack got away with robbing the bank. Jack got away w get by (no survive, financially, It's going to be hard to pay the object) in a difficult rent now that you've lost your situation job, but somehow we'll get by. Get down (make to feel This cold weather really gets depressed me down. colloquial) Get down to (begin to seriously It's time we got down to some deal with) real work. get in (1. enter a small, I don't know where Carole was inseparable) closed vehicle going. She just got in her car and drove away. get in (2. no arrive Do you know what time Fred's object) plane gets in? get off (1. leave a large, When you get off the bus, inseparable) closed vehicle cross the street, turn right on Oak Street, and keep going

(imply - about personal matters colloquial) to escape

What are you getting at exactly ?

get off (2. separable)

get off (3. separable) Get off with Get on

until you're at the corner of Oak and Lincoln Boulevard. be excused (for a Some schools got President's period of time) Day off but ours didn't. We from work, class, or had classes as usual. other regularly scheduled activities make it possible for Everyone knew he was guilty, someone to avoid but his lawyer was clever and punishment got him off. (avoid punishment) They were lucky to get off with such light sentences.

(make progress Sue is getting on very well in especially in life) her new job. get on enter a large, closed I'm sorry, but you're too late to (inseparable) vehicle say goodbye to Angela. She got on the plane about 20 minutes ago. Get on for (approach a certain He must begetting on for age/time/number) seventy. get out of (1. leave a small, There's something wrong with inseparable) closed vehicle the garage door opener. You'll have to get out of the car and open it by hand. get out of (2. escape having to do Lisa said she had a terrible inseparable) something headache and got out of giving her speech today. Get over (be surprised) I couldn 't get over how well she looked. get over (1. no finish. (Note: for What time do your classes get object) individual over? activities, not ones that happen again and again.)

get over (2. inseparable) an illness /a failure/a difficulty/a shock etc.

Katy was really upset when she failed the test. She thought she would never get over feeling so stupid. Sam has got over his operation and expects to leave hospital tomorrow. He has got over his operation. He has got over it. Get over with (come to the end of I'll be glad to get this awful something, usually business over with. unpleasant) get rid of (1. dispose of; give That shirt is really ugly. Why inseparable) away or throw don't you get rid of it? away get rid of (2. dismiss someone; The treasurer of the XYZ inseparable) fire someone from company was spending too a job; cause much money so the company someone to leave president got rid of him. get round (1) a problem / a Brian and Dan couldn't move difficulty etc. to the wardrobe because it was solve or avoid a too heavy. They got round the problem problem by putting the wardrobe on a trolley and pushing it. They got round the problem. They got round it. get round (2) to persuade Tim wanted some sweets, but someone someone to do what his father told him they were you want; to bad for his teeth. After five persuade someone minutes of persuasion, Tim to let you do what managed to get round his you want father and they both went into the sweet shop. Tim got round his father. Tim got round him. Get round to (find time to do - Sorry, but I haven't got round also around) to fixing the tap yet.

recover from an illness or painful experience

get through (1) to contact someone Jim (phoning his friend (usually by Roger): Hello, Roger. I've been telephone) trying to get through to you for hours! Roger: Sorry, Jim. I had to make a lot of calls this morning. Jim tried to get through to Roger. Jim tried to get through to him. Jim tried to get through, get through (2) to finish; to Roger had a lot of work to do some work / at complete yesterday, but he got through it ask / a book all by five o'clock. Roger got etc. through his work. Roger got through it. get up (usually leave bed after You'll have to get up much no object; with sleeping and begin earlier than usual tomorrow. an object, your daily activities We have to leave by no later separable) than 6:00 AM. "I know I won't hear the alarm tomorrow morning. Can you get me up at 6:00 AM?" Get up to (do something The children are getting up to usually bad when something in the garden. What about children have you been getting up to colloquial) lately? Give away (betray) His false identity papers gave him away. give in to stop resisting; to The fight between Tom and surrender Dick stopped when Tom hurt his hand and had to give in. Tom gave In. Give off (send off a smell - The cheese had begun to give liquid or gas) off a strange smell. Give out (be exhausted) When our money gave out we had to borrow.

give out books / examination papers / pills etc

Give over (1) Give over (2) give up (1. separable) give up (1. separable) / give (oneself) up

give up (2)

give up (2. no object)

to give(some thing The teacher gave out the or things) to each books, so that the pupils could person in a group of read the story. The teacher people; to distribute gave out the books. The teacher gave the books out. The teacher gave them out. (abandon, devote) The rest of the time was given over to playing cards. (stop - colloquial) Why don't you give over! You 're getting on my nerves! stop doing He knows smoking isn't good something (usually for his health, but he can't give a habit) it up. to surrender oneself The police surrounded the (usually to criminal's house and ordered someone) him to give himself up. After a few minutes, he came out and they took him to the police station. The criminal gave himself up to the police. The criminal gave himself up. The escaped prisoner gave he to stop trying to do One day a hungry dog saw a something (often bunch of juicy grapes hanging because it is too from a vine. The dog tried very difficult) hard to get the grapes, but it couldn't jump high enough to reach them. After ten frustrating minutes, the dog gave up the attempt and walked home angrily. The dog ga decide not to try After ten days the ship was (unsuccessfully) to given up for lost. A: "What's solve a problem; black and white and red all

believed to be dead or lost give up (3) (of to stop doing or an habitual having (something) activity, smoking / drinking / a job etc.) Go back on go down

go for

Go in for (1) Go in for (2) Go off go off (of explosive devices e.g. bombs, guns etc.) Go on

over?" B: "I give up. What?" A: "An embarrassed zebra!" Howard decided to give up cigarettes after seeing a poster on the dangers of smoking. Howard gave up cigarettes. Howard gave cigarettes up. Howard gave them up. Howard gave up smoking. (break a promise) The management has gone back on its promise. to become less Phil's cheek became swollen swollen because he had a bad tooth ache. The dentist treated his bad tooth and his swollen cheek soon went down. His swollen cheek went down. a person, an animal The dog went for Joe and hurt to attack his arm. The dog went for Joe. The dog went for him. Note: this verb is not used in the passive. (make a habit of) I don 't go in for that kind of thing. (enter a Are you thinking of going in competition) for the race? (become bad This milk has gone off. food) to explode or fire; Many people were killed when (of alarms or alarm the bomb went off. The bomb clocks) to ring went off. suddenly (happen - usually Something funny is going on.

go out with (inseparable) Go round go through

negative) have a date with (be enough) to examine (something)

Go through with

(complete a promise or plan usually unwillingly) go with (1. no to match or suit object) (something); look pleasing together. (Note: for clothes, furniture, etc.)

You went out with Sharon last night, didn't you? There weren't enough lifejackets to go round. When Ben entered this country, a custom's officer went through his suitcase. The officer took all of Ben's clothes out of his suitcase and looked at them very carefully. A custom's officer went through Ben's suitcase. A custom's officerwent through it. When it came to actually stealing the money, Nora couldn't go through with it.

You should buy that shirt. It will go well with your dark brown suit. Tom wanted to see if checked trousers go with a striped jacket; he looked in a mirror and thought they looked horrible together. After trying a few other pairs of trousers he decided th go with (2. no date regularly and Is Gina going with Jim? I see object) steadily them together all the time. goof off (no be lazy; do nothing A: "Do you have any special object) in particular plans for your vacation?" B: "No. I'm just going to stay home and goof off." Grow on (become more liked This new record is growing on - colloquial) me.

grow up (1. no to develop from a Joe has grown up into a fine object) child into an adult; young man. Joe has grown up. spend the years Did you know that Frank grew between being a up in Malaysia? child and being an adult grow up (2. no behave responsibly; A: "Lee really irritates me object) behave as an adult, sometimes. He's really silly not a child and childish." B: "I agree. I wish he would grow up." hand in submit homework, You'd better get started on (separable) an assignment, etc. your report. You know that you have to hand it in at 8:30 tomorrow morning! hand out distribute Why don't you have a course (separable) description and list of assignments? The teacher handed them out on the first day of class. hand over Hang onto (keep - colloquial) I think we should hang onto the car until next year. hang up (no end a phone I'd like to talk longer, but I'd object) conversation by better hang up. My sister needs replacing the to make a call. receiver Have it in for (be deliberately My teacher has (got) it in for unkind to someone me. - also as have got) Have it out (express feelings so I put up with the problem for a with as to settle a while but in the end I had it out problem) with her. Have someone (deceive I don't believe you. You 're on colloquial) having me on.

have to do with (inseparable) Hit it off

be about

This class has to do with the behavior of people in groups.

(get on well with - Mark and Sarah really hit it off colloquial) at the party. Hit upon/on (discover by chance They hit upon the solution - often an idea) quite by chance. hold on to wait (especially George phoned his office on the telephone) because he wanted some information. 'Hold on a minute and I'll get it for you,' said his assistant. His assistant asked him to hold on. Hold out (offer - especially We don't hold out much hope with hope) that the price will fall. hold up (1. raise; lift to a The winner of the race proudly separable) higher-than-normal held his trophy up for all to position see. Hold up (2) (use as an example Jack was always held up as an - i.e. a model of example to me. good behaviour) hold up (2) a to rob, especially Earlier today a masked robber person / a using a weapon with a gun held up the bank bank / a (e.g. a gun) and escaped with a hundred vehicle etc. thousand pounds. A robber held up the bank. A robber held the bank up. A robber held it up. hold up (2. to stop; to delay I'm sorry I'm late. There was Separable, an accident on the freeway and usually used in traffic held me up. Sorry I'm the passive) late, I was held up in the traffic. The traffic was held up for a few hours because of an accident that blocked the road.

The accident held up the traffic. The acci hold up (3. separable) rob; threaten someone with harm unless he/she gives her/his money or other valuable things (agree with - an idea) mutually reach an agreement; mutually resolve difficulties abandon raise / life by using a jack raise (used for prices) Sarah is very upset. When she was walking home last night, two men held her up and took her purse and jewelry.

Hold with iron out (separable)

I don't hold with the idea of using force. Yes, I know we disagree on lots of things, Susan, but we can iron them out.

jack in jack up (1. separable) jack up (2. separable)

jump all over severely scold (inseparable) someone; berate someone

keep on (1. continue inseparable-followed by an -ing verb) keep on continue to remind Bill's very forgetful. You'll (someone) (2. someone to do have to keep on him or he'll inseparable) something until never do all the things you

We'll have to jack the back of the car up before we can change the tire. The car dealer bought my old Ford for $750 and jacked the price up to $1,500 when they sold it. Arthur is really upset. His boss jumped all over him because he's been late for work three times this week. I'm not ready to stop yet. I think I'll keep on working for a while.

he/she does it (even want him to do. if this irritates her/him) Keep up (continue) Well done' Keep up the good work. kick out expel; force Jim's club kicked him out (separable) someone to leave because he didn't pay his dues because of his/her or come to meetings. poor performance or unacceptable behavior knock oneself work much harder We completed the project on out (separable) than normal or than time because of Chuck. He what is expected knocked himself out to be sure we didn't miss the deadline. knock out make unconscious The boxing match ended when (separable) one boxer knocked the other one out. "That medicine really knocked me out. I slept for 14 hours straight!" Lay down (state aruleThe company has laid down especially lay down strict procedures for this kind the law) of situation. lay off to stop employing Last year the manager of (separable; (a worker), often Bloggs Ltd laid off a hundred often passive) for a short time workers because business was because there is not very bad. He laid off a hundred enough work (not workers. He laid a hundred because of poor workers off. He laid them off. performance) They were laid off. I feel really sorry Sally's family. Her father was laid off y leave out forget; omit Oh, no! When I made the list (separable) of those who attended the meeting, I left your name out!

let down (separable)

to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or an agreement)

Let in on let off

(allow to be part of a secret) to excuse (someone) from (a punishment, a duty, or doing something)

Let on let out

let up (no object) Live down Note. used with (not) Live up to look after someone or

(inform about a secret - colloquial) to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place); to release become less intense or slower (suffer a loss of reputation) (reach an expected standard) to take care of someone or

Sorry to let you down, but I can't give you a lift today. Julia promised to meet Rick outside the cinema at eight o'clock, but she let him down. He waited for two hours and then he went home angrily. Julia let Rick down. Julia let him down. I know I let We haven't let Tina in on the plans yet. As Dave was young, the judge let him off with a fine. Bill should have been sent to prison for six months, but the judge decided to let him off so that he could stay out of prison and take care of his family. The judge let Bill off going to prison. The ju We're planning a surprise for Helen, but don't let on. They let Fred out of prison after five years. They let Fred out of prison. They let Fred out. They let him out. It's been raining hard for a long time. Will it ever let up? If City lose, they'll never live it down. The play quite lived up to my expectations. Looking after a baby is a fulltime job. You have to bath it,


dress it and feed it. She looks after the baby. She looks after It. look back on to remember and When they looked back on (inseparable) think about the their many years together, they past; reflect on / realized that their marriage had consider something been a very happy one. The in the past Blacks have been married for many years. They like talking about the past and looking back on old times. At the moment they are looking at look down on hold in contempt; It's not surprising that Fred has (inseparable) regard as inferior few friends. He seems to look down on anyone who doesn't like the same things that he does. look down on to think that Sir Douglas is a very rich someone or someone (or aristocrat. Fred is a very poor something something) is tramp. Sir Douglas thinks that inferior, low or he is a much better person than worthless; to Fred-he looks down on Fred. disapprove of Sir Douglas looks down on (someone or Fred. Sir Douglas looks down something) on him. look for to try to find Fred wanted to open his front something or (something or door but he couldn't find his someone someone), often key. He looked for it athing or person everywhere. It's in one of my that is lost pockets,' he thought. He looked for his key. He looked for it. look forward anticipate I'm really looking forward to to a future pleasantly; to think vacation. I can't wait for it to event with pleasure about begin! Bill Bloggs has been in



a future event that prison for the last ten years. you expect to enjoy Next year he'll be released from prison and he'll be a free man. Bill is looking forward to next year. Bill is looking forward to look in on visit in order to My father just came home (inseparable) check something's / from the hospital. I plan to someone's look in on him today after I condition finish work. look into a investigate / get The police have promised to situation / a more details about look into the problem. crime / a something; to Someone said there was a problem /a carefully examine a meeting at 9:30 but I haven't complaint etc. situation or event heard anything about it. Shall I (inseparable) and try to discover look into it? The police are the reasons for it looking into the death of Mr James. They want to know how he was murdered. They are loo look like resemble (in Does he look like his father or (inseparable) appearance) his mother? Look on (consider) We look on this town as our real home. look over check; review; to I think I may have some typos some work / a examine (someone in this report. Could you look car / a house / or something) it over? Joe wanted to buy a a document / a carefully and fully second-hand car. 'That one suggestion / an looks good,' he said to the applicant etc. salesman. 'Give me some time (separable) to look it over. If it's in good condition, I'll buy it.' He looked the car over.

look round a to visit and tour house / a round a place. shop / a town / a factory / an exhibition etc.

look up (1. separable) a word / a telephone number / an address / a train time/a date etc. look up (2. separable)

look up to someone (inseparable)

luck out (no object)

Mr and Mrs Smith wanted to buy a house. The estate agent took them to see a house in the centre of town and said, 'Look round the house and see if it's what you want.' They looked round the house. They looked round it. They went into the house and looked to find (or try to "I'm sorry, but I don't know find) something what that word means. I'll have (e.g. a telephone to look it up." While Peter was number) in a book reading he found a word that (e.g. a telephone he didn't understand. 'This is a directory) difficult word,' he thought. I'll look it up in the dictionary and see what it means. He looked up visit when in the If you're passing through area; find where Athens, look me up. Thanks someone lives or for giving me your brother's works and visit address. When I'm in Chicago him/her next month, I'll be sure to look him up. to respect Everyone looks up to Joyce (someone); to because she always makes admire (someone) time to help others. Young Jimmy's favourite footballer is Ted Ross of Arsenal. Jimmy looks up to Ted and he tries to be like him. Jimmy looks up to Ted Ross. Jimmy looks up to him. be unexpectedly Gloria was worried because lucky she wasn't prepared to give a report at the meeting, but she

lucked out because the meeting was postponed. make for (1. go to or toward Her teen-aged children are inseparable) always hungry. As soon as they arrive home from school, they make for the refrigerator. make for (2. result in; cause Many hands make for light inseparable) work. (If many people work together, there's less work for everyone.) The power steering makes for easier parking. make fun of make jokes about I agree that Bob looks (inseparable) (usually unkindly) ridiculous since he shaved his head, but don't make fun of him. You'll hurt his feelings. Make off with (run away with) The thief made off with a valuable necklace. Make out (1) (pretend) Tim made out that he hadn 't seen the No Smoking sign. make out (1) manage to see or I couldn 't quite make out what often used in understand; to see, the notice said. Bob saw the negative hear, or understand something on the horizon as he with can't and (something or was looking through his couldn 't someone), often binoculars. At first he couldn't with difficulty; make out what it was, but after see / hear a few minutes he could just something well make out the shape of a yacht. enough to He couldn't make ou understand what it means. (Note: often negative.) make out (2) a to write (a cheque) I made out a cheque for ten cheque pounds. I made out a cheque. I made a cheq ue out. I made it out.

Make someone out

(understand Janet is really odd. I can't make someone's her out. behaviour) make up (1) to become friends Yesterday Joan and Jack had a again after a quarrel big argument about politics. Earlier today they decided to forget their differences and make up. Joan and Jack made up. Joan and Jack made up their quarrel. Joan and Jack made it up. Jack made up with Joan. Jack made it up wi make up (1. invent / create Judy's story is hard to believe. separable) (imaginary) I'm sure she made it up. I think information you made up the whole story. make up (2) a to invent, Colin overslept and was late story / a sometimes with the for work. It was the third time poem / an purpose of he had overslept that month, so excuse / an deception he decided to make up an explanation excuse. He told his boss that etc. the engine of his car had exploded. He made up an excuse. He made an excuse up. He made It up. make up (2. compensate for I'm sorry I missed the test. separable) something missed May I make it up? or not done by doing extra or equivalent work make up re-establish a Jack and his girlfriend were (with) (3. friendly very angry with each other, but inseparable) relationship by last night they finally made up. admitting guilt "Jack and his girlfriend were very angry with each other, but last night they finally made up

with each other." make up for a to compensate for mistake /doing or not doing something etc. Our success makes up for all the hard times. June and Ron arranged to meet outside the cinema at 7.30 p.m. June was very upset when Ron arrived an hour late. Ron made up for being late by apologizing to June and giving her a big bunch of flowers. He made reduce the price (as These shoes were really a an incentive to buy) bargain! The store marked them down by 40%! increase the price Mrs. White's import shop is (for resale) profitable because she buys things inexpensively and then marks them up. (fail to include) You have missed out a word here. (lose a chance Five people got promoted, but colloquial) I missed out again. to think wrongly I frightened rpyself last night that (one thing or when I mistook a piece of old person) is (another rope for a dangerous snake. I thing or person) mistook a piece of old rope for a dangerous snake. I saw a piece of old rope and I mistook it for a dangerous snake. cause to become I didn't complete the confused assignment because I didn't know how. The directions mixed me up. fall sleep (usually The speech was so boring that

mark down (separable) mark up (separable)

Miss out (1) Miss out (2) mistake for

mix up (separable)

nod off (no


several people in the audience nodded off before it was finished. own up confess James owned up to drawing a colloquial; to tell silly picture of his teacher on (someone) that you the board. None of the children have done would own up to breaking the something wrong, window. or that you are at fault Pack in (stop an activity - John has packed in his job. colloquial) pan out (no succeed; happen as I'll be here next week after all. object) expected (for My trip to Chicago didn't pan plans). (Note: out. almost always negative when in statements.) pass away to die Fred Bloggs passed away pass on pass (passed on/passed over) in over (usually 1985afteralong illness. Fred of a person) passed away. Fred passed on. (no object) Fred passed over. I was very sorry to hear that your grandfather passed away. pass out (1. no faint; lose When Ella heard that she'd object) consciousness won a million dollars, she was so shocked that she passed out. When the air-conditioning stopped working, James found it difficult to breathe and passed out. He passed out. pass out (2. distribute Everyone in the room needs separable) one of these information sheets. Who will help me pass


them out? Pay back (take revenge She paid him back for all his colloquial) insults. pick on bully; intentionally You should be ashamed of (inseparable) try to make teasing your little brother, someone upset Bob! Pick on someone your own size! pick out choose; select Billy's grandmother especially (separable) liked her birthday card because Billy had picked it out himself. pick up (1. lift; take up Those books don't belong on separable) the floor. Will you help me pick them up? pick up (2. arrange to meet Of course we can go there separable) someone and give together. What time should I something or her/him a ride; to pick you up? Jeff was driving someone collect someone or home when he saw a something hitchhiker. He stopped the car (sometimes in a and picked the hitchhiker up. vehicle) Jeff picked up the hitchhiker. Jeff picked the hitchhiker up. Jeff picked him up. pick up (3. get; buy The children just drank the last separable) of the milk. Could you pick some more up on your way home this evening? pick up (4. refresh; revitalize; The weather seems to be separable) improve picking up. He was feeling a (colloquial) little tired, so he drank a glass of orange juice. It picked him up enough to finish his work. Pin someone (force to give a I asked Jim to name a suitable down clear statement) day, but I couldn't pin him down.

pitch in (no object)

help; join together to accomplish something Play up (behave or work badly) point out to draw attention to something or something or someone someone

We'll be finished soon if everyone pitches in.

The car is playing up again. It won't start. I pointed out that I would be on holiday anyway. My uncle showed me the building he used to work in and he pointed out his old office on the sixth floor. He pointed out his office. He pointed his office out. He pointed it out. Pull off (manage to It was a tricky plan, but we succeed) pulled it off. pull over (no drive a vehicle to When the policeman indicated object) the side of the rode that I should pull over, I knew he was going to give me a ticket. Push on (continue with Let's push on and try to reach some effort the coast by tonight. colloquial) put (someone) inconvenience I hate to put you out, but I need out (separable) someone a ride to the train station and hope you can take me. Put across (communicate Harry is clever but he can't put ideas) his ideas across. put away return something to I just took these clothes out of (separable) the proper place the dryer. Will you help me put them away? put back return something to I've finished with these books. (separable) the proper place Do you want me to put them back on the shelves? Put down to (explain the cause Diane's poor performance was

of) put forward a to offer (a proposal / a proposal / a plan plan / a etc.) for suggestion / an consideration idea etc.

put down to nerves. Mr Smith put forward the idea of introducing traffic lights at the crossroads as a way of preventing traffic jams. The planning committee thought his idea was very good. He put forward the idea. He put the idea forward. He put it forward. Put in for (apply for a job) Sue has put in for a teaching job. Put off (1) an to delay doing Martin v/as very unhappy event / doing something until a when he saw the huge pile of something etc. late date; to delay dirty dishes in the kitchen. He an event or felt a little happier after arrangement until a deciding to put off the later date washing-up until the next day. Martin put off the washing-up until the next day. Martin put the washing-up off till t put off (1. postpone; delay; I can't put this work off any separable) avoid longer. If I don't do it soon, it'll be impossible to finish it in time. "When will Mr. Smith agree to a meeting? I keep asking for an appointment, but he keeps putting me off." put off (2) / to discourage, or The crowd put the gymnast put (someone) distract, (someone) off, and be fell. Ron was trying off (2) from doing doing, to read, but the noise from the upset television put him off and he had to stop. The noise from the TV put Ron off his book. The noise from the TV put him off

his bOOK. The noise from the TV put Ron oft put on (1. begin to wear; don; separable) to dress oneself clothes / glasses I a ring / a necklace etc. put on (2. separable) It's a little bit chilly outside. You'd better put a sweater on. Perry put on his nevi' sweater because he wanted to wear it for work. Perry put on his sweater. Perry put his sweater on. Perry put it on. Don't believe a word of what Jim was saying. He was just putting us on.

try to make someone believe something that is ridiculous or untrue Put oneself out (take trouble - to Please don't put yourself out help someone) making a meal. A sandwich will do. put out a to extinguish Steve put out the light in the cigarette / a lounge before going upstairs to light / a fire bed. Steve put out the light. etc. Steve put the light out. Steve put it out. put through to connect a Mr Pratt phoned the offices of telephone caller to Gunn and Company. 'Who the number he or would you like to speak to?' she wants asked the switchboard operator. 'Put me through to Mr Guhn please,' Mr Pratt replied. She put Mr Pratt through to Mr Gunn. She put him through to Mr Gunn. She put through M put up (1. return something to Your toys are all over the separable) the proper place floor, Timmy. Please put them up.

put up (2. separable)

put up with

offer accommodation; provide someone with a place to sleep to suffer (a difficult situation or person) without complaining

There's no need for you to check into a hotel. I'll be happy to put you up. We can put you up for a few days. When Uncle Mike comes to visit us, the children behave very badly. They hit him, they play tricks on him and they make a lot of noise. Uncle Mike must love them very much because he puts up with everything they do, and he never gets annoyed with them. Unc I can 't put up with all this noise! It's really important to come to work on time. The boss won't put up with tardiness. Don't even think about buying a car there. They'll rip you off. You paid 50? They really ripped you off!

put up with (inseparable)

tolerate; bear

rip off (separable)

cheat; take advantage of; charge too much; charge too much (colloquial) round off change from a (separable) fraction to the nearest whole number Run down (1) (criticise)

Round all prices off to the closest whole-dollar amounts. For example, round $33.73 off to $34.00. She's always running down her husband. Run down (2) (lose power, allow / think the batteries are running to decline) down. run in a motor to use a new (or George is running in his new cycle / a new reconditioned) car. so he can't drive fast.

car / a machine etc.

engine carefully George is running in his hew until it is ready for car. George is running it in. normal use Running in, please pass. (a notice sometimes seen on new cars) run into meet by chance Guess who I ran into at the (inseparable) supermarket! Yesterday at the someone supermarket, Jan ran into her former roommate. Before yesterday, they hadn't seen each other for nearly five years. I was on my way to work when I ran into Jeremy Thomas. It was a lovely surprise b run out of to use all of On the way home from work, (inseparable) (something) and Art ran out of gas. Howard has coffee / sugar / have no more left run out. of bread, so he can't money /' make himself a sandwich. If he patience / time wants a sandwich, he'll have to etc. go to the baker's shop and buy some more bread. Howard has run out of bread. Howard has run out of it. Run over (check - also run Let's run over the plan once through) more. Run to (have enough I don't think we can run to a money) holiday abroad this year. Run up (a bill - let a bill get I ran up a huge telephone bill longer without at the hotel. paying) Run up against (encounter - usually We've run up against a slight a problem) problem.

see someone off

See through Send up Set about set back (1. separable)

to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at the place (e.g. airport, station etc.) where the journey begins; go to station, airport, etc to say goodbye to someone (realise the truth about) (make fun of by Imitating) (start working)

Bill arranged to go to Scotland to stay with his grandmother for a few days. His father, Frank, drove him to the railway station and saw him off. Frank saw Bill off. Frank saw him off. I went to the station to see them off.

set back (2. separable) Set in set off

Set on / set (up) on

I saw through his intentions at once. Jean is always sending up the French teacher. We must set about reorganising the office. cause a delay in We've had some problems with scheduling the project that have set us back at least two days . We'll give you a progress report tomorrow. cost I wonder how much Bill's new car set him back? (establish itself/ think this ram has set infer especially weather) the day. to start a journey Barry set off on his camping holiday at six o'clock in the morning and reached the campsite, in France, at midday. Barry set off. Barry set off at six o'clock. Barry set off on a camping holiday. Barry set off for France. (attack) We were set upon by a gang of hooligans.

Set out (1)

This document sets out all the Union demands. Set out (2) I've set out the refreshments in the hall. Set out (3) (start an action) Sue set out to write a biography hut it became a novel. set up make arrangements An inquiry into the accident (separable) for something; has been set up. You'll see Mr. establish Thomas tomorrow. I've set a meeting up for 9:30 AM. show up (1. no arrive; appear The boss was very upset when object) you didn't show up for the meeting. What happened? show up (2. do a noticeably Everyone thought Marsha separable) better job (often would win, but Jean did. unexpectedly) than Actually, Jean really showed someone else Marsha up. Sink in (realise slowly Slowly the realisation that I colloquial, had won began to sink in. Intransitive) slip up (no make a mistake Someone slipped up and my object) (colloquial) application was lost. You slipped up here. The amount should be $135.28, not $132.58. soak up a to absorb; to The sponge soaked up the spilt liquid / become filled with milk. The sponge soaked up information / (something) the milk. The sponge soaked knowledge / the milk up. The sponge punishment soaked it up. etc. Sort out (find a solution Don't worry, Mary will sort out colloquial) your problem.

(give in detail in writing) (arrange)

speak up often to speak louder used in the imperative

Terry was talking to his grandfather. 'Speak up, Terry,' his grandfather said. I'm a bit deaf and I can't hear you.' Grandfather told Terry to speak up. Grandfather said, 'Speak up'. Stand by (keep to an The company agreed to stand agreement) by its original commitment. stand for (1) to represent or The letters B.B.C. stand for the mean; to be a sign British Broadcasting or short form of Corporation. B.B.C. stands for something else; British Broadcasting initials Corporation. What do the letters B.B.C. stand tor? e.g. stands for exempli gratia, it's Latin. stand for (1. represent These letters seem to be an no object) abbreviation. Do you know what they stand for? Stand for (2) (tolerate) / will not stand for this kind of behaviour in my house! stand for (2. tolerate; permit I'm not surprised that Mrs. inseparable) (usually negative) Johnson rejected your report. She won't stand for shoddy work. Stand in for (take the place of) Carol has kindly agreed to stand in for Graham at the monthly meeting. stand out (no be noticeably better Good job, Ann! Your work object) than other similar really stands out! people or things stand up (1. no rise to a standing When the Chairperson entered object) position the room, everyone stood up.

stand up (2. separable)

make a date but not Angela was supposed to go to keep it the dance with Fred, but she stood him up and went with Chuck instead. Stand up to (resist, bear stress) The engine won 't stand up to the strain. Step down (resign - colloquial) The Chairman has stepped down after criticism from shareholders. Step up (increase) Production at the Leeds plant has been stepped up. Stick up for (defend- especially You must learn to stick up for yourself, your yourself. rights -colloquial) Take (it) out (make someone / know you are unhappy, but on else suffer because don't take it out on me! of one's own sufferings) take / bring return This book is due tomorrow. I back guess I should take it back to (separable) the library. "Yes, you can borrow my pen, but don't forget to bring it back to me when you're finished." take after resemble; favor (in Both my sister and I take after (inseparable) appearance) Note: our father. used for people take after to look or be like an Little Christopher takes after someone older relative his father. He has black hair, big feet and a bad temper just like his dad. Christopher takes alter his father. Christopher takes after him. take care of (1. provide care for; Lois has been taking care of


watch one's health her father since he returned home from the hospital. "You've been working too hard lately. You'd better take care of yourself!" take care of (2. make arrangements Will you take care of making inseparable) (for something to reservations for our flight to happen); take Boston? responsibility for take down a to record in writing When the policeman arrived at statement / a the scene of the accident he telephone took down the witness's number / some statement. He took down the information statement. He took the etc. statement down. He took it down. take in (often to deceive Don't be taken in by her used in the (someone); to cheat apparent shyness. The hungry passive) (someone) wolf had a problem: all the sheep in the neighbourhood knew him and ran away when they saw him. After some thought he decided to disguise himself as a sheep. The neighbourhood sheep were taken In by th take off (1) (of to rise from the At the beginning of a journey an aeroplane) ground an aeroplane takes off. At the end of a journey an aeroplane lands. The aeroplane took off. take off (1. remove (something Please take your hat off when separable) you're wearing) you go inside a building. take off (2) to remove anything Nick took off his jacket that is worn on the because he was feeling very body (especially hot. Nick took off his jacket.

Nick took his jacket off. Nick took it off. take off (2. no leave; depart (often Was something wrong with object) suddenly or Jill? She took off without quickly) saying goodbye. "When does your plane take off?" take off (3. make arrangements Susan isn't here today. She's separable) to be absent from taking today and tomorrow off. work Take off (4) (imitate Dave takes off the Prime colloquial) Minister really well. Take on (1) (acquire a new My grandmother has taken on characteristic) a new lease of life since her operation. Take on (2) (do something She has taken on too much extra) with a full-time job as well. Take out (insurance - sign an Ann has taken out life insurance insurance. agreement) take over gain control of; to The army tried to take over the assume country. Simon took over the responsibility for, manager's job from Mr Jones or control of, when he retired. Simon took (something or a over the manager's job from situation) from Mr Jones. Simon took over the someone else manager's job. Simon took the manager's job over. Simon took it over. Simon too Take to (develop a liking You'll soon take to your new someone for) boss, I'm sure. Take up (time - occupy The meeting took up a whole time) morning take up begin (a hobby or A: "Do you like to ski?" B: (separable) leisure-time "I've never been skiing, but I


activity) take up a to begin to Study, hobby / a sport practice, or do / a job / a habit (something) etc.

think I'd like to take it up." Tim wanted to take up painting, so he joined an evening class at the local College of Art. He took up painting. He took painting up. He took it up. He took up a new hobby. Talk out of or (dissuade from, Paul talked me into going into persuade into) skiing, against my better judgement. tall through to fail to happen or Eric's plan to go on a skiing be completed (of holiday fell through because he plans, broke his leg. His plan fell arrangements, through. schemes etc.) tear up a piece to destroy Brian tore up the letter of paper / a completely by angrily.Brian tore up the letter. letter / a tearing. Brian tore the letter up. Brian newspaper etc. tore it up. tell (someone) speak to someone Our teacher told us off for off (separable) bluntly and being late. Julie was really negatively, saying angry at Bob; she told him off exactly what she/he in front of all of us. Howard did wrong; to speak told his son oH for breaking a angrily to someone window with his football. who has done Howard told oil his son. something wrong; Howard told his son off. to find fault with Howard told him off. Howard someone to think over a to consider Owen is playing chess with a problem / a (something) friend. At the moment he is proposal / a carefully thinking over his next move. situation etc. He is thinking over his next move. He is thinking his next

move over. He is thinking it over. throw away discard; put in the You shouldn't throw those (separable) garbage newspapers away; they're recyclable. throw out (1. discard; put in the This food smells bad. You'd separable) garbage better throw it out. throw out (2. forcibly make Those people are drunk and separable) someone leave making everyone (usually because of uncomfortable. The manager bad behavior) should throw them out. throw up vomit Paul was so nervous about his (usually no job interview that he threw up object; with an just before he left for it. object, separable) tick off (1. irritate someone; It really ticks her off when separable) make someone someone is late for an upset or angry appointment. tick off (2. show that Here are the things you need to separable) something has been do. Tick each one off when completed by you finish it. putting a tick (check) beside it Tie in with be in agreement I'm afraid your party doesn't with quite tie in with aor arrangements. Track down trace the The police tracked down killer whereabouts of and arrested him. try on wear something I'm not sure that jacket is large (separable) briefly to check its enough. May I try it on? fit, how it looks, etc.

try on a hat / a new pair of shoes / a dress etc.

Last week I went into a shop and tried on three hats. The first hat was too big; the second one was too small; but the third one fitted me perfectly and looked good, so I bought it. I tried on three hats. I tried three hats on. I tried them on. try out (for) try to win a place I know you want to be on the (inseparable) on a team or other football team. Are you going organization to try out? "If you like to sing, you should try out for the choir. try out test - a machine; I really like the way this car (separable) use a machine looks. May I try it out? Let's briefly to determine try out the new washing how well it works machine. try out to test something Angela saw an advertisement something or (or someone) by for a new soap powder called someone using it 'Zap'. She decided to try it out because she wanted to see if it was better than her usual soap powder. Angela tried out new 'Zap'. Angela tried new 'Zap' out. Angela tried it out. turn around (1. move so that you Everyone turned around and usually no are facing the stared when I entered the object) opposite direction meeting late. turn around (2. move so that I don't want this chair facing separable) someone / the window. Will you help me something is facing turn it around? the opposite direction turn around (3. make changes so The company was doing

to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks


turn down (1. separable) turn down (2. separable) a request / an offer / an applicant / an application etc.

turn in (1. separable) turn in (2. no object) turn in (3. separable) turn into something or someone

turn off (1. separable) turn off (2. separable) turn on (1. separable)

that something that poorly until it hired a new was unprofitable is president. He turned it around profitable in about six months and now it's doing quite well. decrease the Your music is giving me a volume headache! Please turn it down or use your headphones! to refuse or reject Another company offered me a (something or job but I turned them down. I someone) thought I could borrow some money from Joe, but when I asked, he turned me down. Jeff was interviewed for the job at Bloggs Ltd but they turned him down because he was too young. They turned down give / deliver / I've written my report, but I submit to someone haven't turned it in. go to bed I'm pretty tired. I guess I'll turn in. report or deliver Two days after the robbery, the wrongdoers to the thieves turned themselves in. authorities to change; to The beautiful princess kissed become the frog and it turned into a handsome prince. The frog turned into a prince. The kiss turned the frog into a prince, stop by turning a I'm cold. Do you mind if I turn handle or switch the air conditioner off? bore; repel (very That music turns me off. informal) Please play something else! start by turning a It's cold in here. I'm going to handle or switch turn the heater on

turn on (2. separable)

interest very much; What kind of music turns you excite (very on? informal) turn out happen to be in the He turned out to be an old end friend of Helen's. turn out come to a meeting Thousands of fans turned out or to form a crowd to welcome the team. turn up (1. increase the volume I can barely hear the TV. Can separable) you turn it up a little? turn up (2. no appear, arrive We were all surprised when object) unexpectedly Pam turned up at the party. We didn't even know she was in town. Not many people turned up for the lesson. turn up (3) be discovered by Don't worry about that missing chance book, it's bound to turn up sooner or later. wait for wait until When will Kenny be finished (inseparable) someone / with work? I've been waiting something arrives for him for almost an hour! or is finished with "I'm tired of waiting for the something else bus. I guess I'll take a taxi instead." wait on (1. serve (usually I want to make a complaint. inseparable) customers in a The person who just waited on restaurant, shop, me was very impolite. etc.) wake up (1. no stop sleeping I usually wake up around 5:00 object) AM each day. wake up (2. rouse someone; I have an important meeting separable) cause someone to tomorrow and I'm afraid I stop sleeping won't hear my alarm. Will you wake me up at 6:00 AM?

watch out for be careful of; (inseparable) beware of

wear off (1)

to disappear gradually loose effect especially a drug to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use; to become unusable after excessive use wear something / use something until it can no longer be worn / be used to tire greatly; to exhaust

wear off (2) wear out (1)

wear out (1. separable)

wear out (2) often used in the passive

wear out (2. separable)

cause to become exhausted; cause to become very tired

work out (1.

exercise (usually in

There's a school at the end of this block. Watch out for children crossing the street. "If you take that road, watch out for ice during the winter." The pain in Jim's foot wore off after he took some painkiller. The pain wore off. These painkillers wear off after about two hours. Paul wore out his favourite jumper after wearing it every day for ten years. Paul wore out his jumper. Paul wore his jumper out. Paul wore it out. The jumper wore out. I need a new pencil sharpener. I wore this one out. "I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this pair out." Carrying the heavy box across the street wore Fred out. When he got home he went straight to bed. Carrying the heavy box wore out Fred. Carrying the heavy box wore Fred out. Carrying the heavy box wore him out. Fred was worn out by carrying the heavy box. I had four different meetings today. They wore me out. "I suppose I should get some new shoes. I've almost worn this pair out." Instead of eating lunch on

no object)

a gym, etc.) to build Monday, Wednesday, and muscles, body tone, Friday, Sheila goes to the etc recreation center to work out. work out (2. solve a problem / I know we disagree on many separable) a resolve a difficult points, but I believe we can problem /a situation (usually work things out. Jimmy is busy plan/a method by working doing his homework. At the etc. together); to moment he is working out the produce a way of answer to a sum. He is dealing with a working out the answer. He is problem or working the answer out. He is situation by working it out. thinking work out (3) a calculate - also The hotel bill worked out at sum work out for a over $500. specific ammount; to solve a problem by calculation or study wrap up (1. no wear enough It's really cold today. Be sure object) clothes to keep you wrap up when you leave warm the house. wrap up (2. finish something; We've been talking about the separable) bring something to problem for nearly three hours. a conclusion I hope we'll be able to wrap the discussion up soon. write down record something in Could you tell me your e-mail (separable) writing address again? I want to write it down. write up record; report in You'll need to make a report (separable) writing on your business meetings. Be sure you write them up as soon as possible after you return from your trip. zonk out (no fall asleep quickly I intended to go shopping after


because of exhaustion

work, but I was so tired that I zonked out as soon as I got home.