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MEMPERSIAPKAN KARYA TULIS ILMIAH UNTUK JURNAL INTERNASIONAL

SUPRIADI BALAI PENELITIAN TANAMAN REMPAH DAN OBAT supriadi_balittro@yahoo.co.id

UNTUK LEBIH MEMAHAMI BAHAN TAYANGAN ANDA DIMINTA SIAP MENGAKTIFKAN INTERNET

PUBLIKASI INTERNASIONAL
19 Kriteria Jurnal Internasional Menurut DIKTI Sri Purnomowati. 2007. Impact Factor: Kriteria Jurnal Internasional. Berita Iptek Tahun Ke-46 No. 1: 47-52 [dapat diakses melalui internet]

1. Bahasa yang digunakan adalah bahasa PBB (Inggris, Perancis, Spanyol, Arab, Cina) 2. Pengelolaan naskah sedemikian rupa sehingga naskah yang diterima cepat terbit (rapid review) dan ada keteraturan terbit 3. Jurnal berkualitas (prestige), bisa dilihat dari daftar penelaah naskahnya dan Editorial Board-nya yaitu pakar di bidangnya dalam dan luar negeri 4. Dibaca oleh banyak orang di bidangnya, bisa dilihat dari distribusi/peredarannya (circulation)

5. Menjadi acuan bagi banyak peneliti (citation). 6. Tercantum dalam Current Content dan sejenisnya 7. Artikel yang dimuat berkualitas, bisa dilihat dari kemutakhiran topik dan daftar acuannya. 8. Penyumbang artikel/naskah berasal dari banyak negara 9. Penelaah berasal dari banyak negara yang terkemuka di bidangnya.

10. Menawarkan off-prints/reprints. 11. Terbit teratur sesuai dengan jadwal yang ditentukan. 12. Penerbitan jurnal tidak terkendala oleh dana 13. Bukan jurnal Jurusan, Fakultas, Universitas atau Lembaga yang mencerminkan derajat kelokalan. Seyogyanya diterbitkan oleh himpunan profesi. 14. Memberi kesempatan penulis artikel membaca contoh cetak

15. Artikel yang dominan (kalau bisa > 80%), berupa artikel orisinil (hasil penelitian), bukan sekadar review atau ulasan. 16. Kadar sumber acuan primer >80%, derajat kemutakhiran acuan >80%. 17. Tersedia Indeks di setiap volume => bisa diupayakan 18. Ketersediaan naskah tidak menjadi masalah. Angka penolakan 60% 19. Mempertimbangkan Impact Factor (dihitung tahunan)

WEBSITE BERISI RAGAM PILIHAN JURNAL INTERNASIONAL

1. http://www.scimagojr.com/ journalrank.php
2. http://www.doaj.org

3. http://scialert.net

http://www.scimagojr.com/ journalrank.php
The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus database (Elsevier B.V.) Subject Area: [All] Subject Category: [ADA PILIHAN] Country: [ ] Year: []

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DOAJ AS OF TODAY 8497 journals 4223 journals searchable 950814 articles Daftar Jurnal dapat dipilih berdasarkan subjek . [PILIHAN SUBJEK TERSEDIA]

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BERAGAM JENIS JURNAL DITAMPILKAN SECARA ALFABETIK

HATI HATI DENGAN JURNAL HITAM


Jurnal internasional dan nasional yang masuk daftar BLACK LIST dan atau PERLU DIKLARIFIKASI sehingga tidak/belum dapat dinilai sebagai angka kredit untuk kenaikan jabatan fungsional dosen Sebaiknya dihindari

DAFTAR JURNAL HITAM http://kepegawaian.ub.ac.id/wr p-con/uploads/2012/BlacklistedPublishers-and-their-RespectiveJournals.pdf Atau cari melalui Google topik ini: Blacklisted-Publishers-andtheir-Respective-Journals

Waspadai Daftar 'Jurnal Hitam' Berikut [melansir pendapat Prof Endang, Wakil Ketua LIPI) http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2012/0 8/30/061426338/Waspadai-Daftar-JurnalHitam-Berikut Beragam jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh 3 penerbit, yaitu Eurojournals , Common Ground Publishing, dan African World patut dicurigai sebagai jurnal hitam

Penerbit Academic Journal

Eurojournals Common Ground Publishing African World Seluruh buku yang diterbitkannya Press

Bidang ilmu 28 jurnal bidang pengetahuan medis; 9 sosial, 25 biologi; 11 pertanian, 9 fisika; 10 rekayasa (engineering), 15 seni dan pendidikan; 1 hukum, 3 bidang lainnya 14 jurnal berbagai bidang 23 jurnal berbagai bidang

BEBERAPA NAMA JURNAL INTERNASIONAL YANG DICAP HITAM


PUBLISHER: ACADEMIC JOURNAL BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF CELL AND ANIMAL BIOLOGY AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REVIEWS AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY RESEARCH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY RESEARCH

BEBERAPA NAMA JURNAL INTERNASIONAL YANG DICAP HITAM


PUBLISHER: ACADEMIC JOURNAL BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AFRICAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PLANT SCIENCE JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY AND NEMA TOLOGY JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY RESEARCH

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF PLANT BREEDING AND CROP SCIENCE AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURE AND FORESTRY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL OF CEREALS AND OILSEEDS JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT JOURNAL OF STORED PRODUCTS AND POSTHARVEST RESEARCH

KIAT MENULIS KTI UNTUK JURNAL INTERNASIONAL

1. Memilih jurnal yang tepat [CAKUPANNYA SESUAI] 2. Mempelajari petunjuk penulisan (guide to authors) 3. Mempelajari contoh artikel yang sudah diterbitkan (current issues atau previous issues) 4. Menyiapkan semua kelengkapan materi yang diminta (naskah dan dokumen lainnya) 5. Gunakan Bahasa Inggris yang standar

http://www.scimagojr.com/ journalrank.php
The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus database (Elsevier B.V.) Subject Area: [All] Subject Category: [Plant Science] ADA 334 PILIHAN JURNAL

No
1

Title
Annual Review of Plant Biology Plant Cell Plant Breeding

SJR

H index Country
USA

14,740 152

2 84

4,838 0,696

205 41
16

USA UK
Pakistan

Pakistan Journal 143 0,414 of Botany

http://www.doaj.org
DOAJ AS OF TODAY 8497 journals 4223 journals searchable 950814 articles Daftar Jurnal [browse by subject] [Agriculture (General)] (174 journals)

Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 20413882 EISSN: 20413890 Subject: Agriculture (General) Publisher: Maxwell Science Publication Country: United Kingdom Language: English Keywords: land use, rural biodiversity, agricultural mechanization, animal physiology Start year: 2009 Publication fee: Yes --- Further Information

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Navigation A - Z Journals Journals by Subject Submit a Manuscript Guide to Authors For Subscribers

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A-Z List of Journals American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology [Current Issue] American Journal of Drug Discovery and Development [Current Issue] American Journal of Food Technology [Current Issue] ..
PILIH GUIDE TO AUTHORS

GUIDE TO AUTHORS Asian Journal of Crop Science


Publisher: Asian Network for Scientific Information Ethical Guidelines/Editorial Policy Cover Letter Suggesting the Reviewers General Format File Size and Format Readability Submission of New Manuscript Preparing the Manuscript

Asian Journal of Crop Science


An international peer-reviewed scientific journal publishes the original research on all aspects of crop sciences. Scope of the journal includes: crop agronomy, production, genetics and breeding, germplasm, crop protection, soil sciences, postharvest systems and utilization, agroforestry, crop-animal interactions, environmental issues and agricultural information

ETHICAL GUIDELINES/EDITORIAL POLICY Papers must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere Approval of the necessary institution. AUTHORSHIP Credit should be based only on: a) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data and b) final approval of the version to be published.

Acknowledgments List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

COAUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS Authors are strongly encouraged to include a statement in the end notes to specify the actual contribution of each coauthor to the completed work. Example S.C.W., P.R.J.B., P.V.W. and I.K.T developed the concept and designed experiments.

Peer-Review Manuscripts (other than those that are of insufficient quality or unlikely to be competitive enough for publication) will be peer-reviewed by two or more experts in the fields
Authors are asked to facilitate the review process by providing the names and e-mail addresses of at least three suitable reviewers

MEMPELAJARI ARTIKEL YANG SUDAH TERBIT PADA JURNAL TARGET

Asian Journal of Crop Science Volume


Heterosis and Combining Ability in Maize using Diallel Crosses among Seven New Inbred Lines M.El.M. El-Badawy Asian Journal of Crop Science Volume 5, Number 1, 1-13, 2013 [Abstract] [Fulltext PDF] [Fulltext HTML] [XML: Abstract + References] [References] Combined Effect of Plant Spacing and Time of Earthing up on Tuber Quality Parameters of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Degem District, North Showa Zone of Oromia Regional State Tesfaye Getachew, Derbew Belew and Solomon Tulu Asian Journal of Crop Science Volume 5, Number 1, 24-32, 2013 [Abstract] [Fulltext PDF] [Fulltext HTML] [XML: Abstract + References] [References]

PEDOMAN RINGKAS PENGGUNAAN BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM ARTIKEL


Tomislav Heng and Michael Gould. 2002. RULES OF THUMB FOR WRITING RESEARCH ARTICLES.

Research Preferred style Article Sections Title Short and simple (7-10 words) Purposive (aims at specific audience) Avoid complex grammar Abstract Past (perfect) tense and passive voice(!) Short and concise sentences Introduction Simple tense for reffering to established knowledge Past tense for literature review

Research Preferred style Article Sections Methodology Past tense but active voice
Results Past tense Discussion and Simple or present tense (past Conclusions tense if it is related to results); Allows scientific speculations (if necessary) Make strong statements (avoid "It may be concluded... " style);

CONTOH PENGGUNAAN KALIMAT BAHASA INGGRIS


[Materi Workshop Penguatan Penulisan KTI untuk Publikasi Internasional, Badan Litbang Pertanian]

English in Journal Articles


Suminar Setiati Achmadi Ali Saukah

Pengungkapan Tujuan
(1) The specific aim of this study was to assess the effec of (2) The present study was designed to compare the . (3) The aim of the present study was to evaluate the . (4) The study was designed to determine the .. (5) The purpose of this study was to examine the (6) Therefore we chose to study the influence of (7) The purpose of this study is to analyse the . (8) The present study investigated how .. (9) The present study sought to evaluate the effects of .. (10)This study examines the (11) The present study attempted to enhance
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Pengungkapan Metode
(1) A field study of 25 saflower genotypes was conducted at the experimental farm of (2) Genotypes seeds were sown by hand (30 kg ha-1) on November 7th. (3) Seed yield was estimated on plot basis. (4) Seed oil content was determined using (5) Oil yield was calculated by .. (6) Data were subjected to analyses of variance (ANOVA) using MSTAT-C sofware. Homogeneity of error variance was tested before combining data over years. The least significant differences (LSD at p<0.05 level) were used to compared the genetypes means. [E.A. Abd El Lattief. 2012. Asian J. Crop Science 4(2): 72-79. (8) The present research consisted of .. (9) The study is based on the .. 42

Pengungkapan Hasil
(1) Multivariate analysis indicated that the following factors correlated with .. (2) Of the 80 delineated joints, 30 showed upward deformation and 50 showed downward deformation. (3) There were significant differences between the upward and downward deformations in (4) Analysis of TSO-related PBF measurements revealed a significant difference between TSO 0 and TSO II for the first premolar and between TSO 0 and TSO I and TSO II for the overall tooth-type related values.
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Pengungkapan Hasil
(5) With pioglitazone, TG levels declined by a mean of 51.5mg/dl, HDL-C levels rose by 3.3mg/dl, and no change was seen in LDL-C or TChol. Treatment with rosiglitazone was associated with no significant change in TG levels and a I.5mg/dl mean increase in HDL-C. Furthermore, rosiglitazone therapy was associated with an 8mg/dl mean increase in TChol, and a 5.8mg/dl mean increase in LDL-C. Hemoglobin A1C levels were significantly reduced by approximately I% within thiazolidinedione (TZD) cohorts, but were not significantly different between study groups.
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Pengungkapan Hasil
Data were available from 24 eligible patients. Use of TTSfentanyl was associated with significantly superior pain relief. Mean VAS fell from 7.0 to 1.1 with TTS-fentanyl and from 9.3 to 4.3 with P/C. The TTS-fentanyl group also showed significantly greater improvements of important GBPI domains including global quality of life, pain, and physical, cognitive, and role functioning, than the P/C group. Four patients receiving TTS-fentanyl and three receiving P/C reported severe nausea/vomiting. (7) In a univariate analysis, tHcy levels were higher in patients compared to controls almost reaching statistical significance. Multivariate analysis of conventional risk factors showed that tHcy levels were not an independent risk factor for CAD. However, tHcy levels were significantly higher in patients with a previous history of myocardial infraction compared to patients without such a history and to controls. Hyperhomocysteinaemia was detected in 35.7% of patients and 11.9% of controls.
(6)
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Pengungkapan Hasil
(8) The results suggest that, in 1993, social differences in curriculum participation were a feature of the middle years in the secondary schools of Tasmania. Access to the top level of mathematics and English varied according to social area background. Children living in lower socioeconomic status (SES) areas were far less often located in the top levels of study than children in higher SES areas. (9) The data revealed that the teachers effectiveness was defined by his ability to do the following : (a) create a culturally congruent social organization in his classroom that accounted for the cultural background of his students, and (b) vary his teaching style to allow him to effectively communicate with his students during lesson interactions resulting in increased opportunities for student learning and improved student.
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Pengungkapan Hasil
(10) The results show that neither the validity nor the reliability of the measures were satisfactory, especially the widely applied Type/Token Ratio. (Vermeer, 2000: hlm. 65) (11) For listening, the teaching materials in use do not have a significant influence on the outcomes of the assessments. For reading, the use of communicative teaching materials, compared to the use of grammar-oriented teaching materials indicates better results.

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Pengungkapan Hasil
(12) Beyond the programs and services noted in Table 2, each of the six programs has special strengths in content and expertise. Special strengths in Table 3 were articulated by the program leadership. All these programs are characterized by expertise in specific content, noteworthy achievements, and collaboration with schools and various educational, business, and civic organizations. (13) Results indicate that the common element in each subjects approach to the test was a focus on getting to the questions as quickly as possible and then using the questions to direct a search of the passage to locate the best possible information to answer the questions. 48

Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
Results from this study suggest that pioglitazone has a more favorable effect on lipid profiles of patients with type 2 diabetes compared with rosiglitazone. In particular, differences were observed in TG and LDL-C levels. Both TDs were equivalent at reducing hemoglobin A1C levels. These differences in lipid effects may have an impact on cardiovascular outcomes. The fulll clinical importance of these lipid alterations must be further assessed in prospective trials. (2) Transdermal fentanyl combined with R/T was more effective in reducing metastatic bone pain and resulted in greater improvements in quality of life than paracetamol and codeine. (3) In Northern Greece, plasma tHcy levels may not be an independent risk factor for CAD in patients with angiographically documented CAD. However, patients with CAD have a trend towards higher tHcy levels. Additionally, plasma tHcy levels may be associated with the development of myocardial infarction.
(1)
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(4) This study, albeit in a relatively small patient population, suggests that most children and adults with asthma can generate PIFRs of >60 l/min and FIVCs of >1.5 litre through the Aerolizer inhaler regardless of their disease severity. Such findings compare extremely favourably with other dry powder inhalers. (5) Adjustable maintenance dosing with budesonide/formoterol provides more effective asthma control by reducing exacerbations and reliever medication usage compared with fixed-dose salmeterol/fluticasone. (6) This study demonstrates that neurosensory recovery after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy procedures can be significanlt improved, both in terms of time course and magnitude of return of function, with the adjunctive use of LLL therapy.
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(7) Relapse increased with the amount of initial advancement and, to a lesser extent, with control of the proximal segment and change in the mandibular plane. These factors are similar for wire osteosynthesis and rigid fixation. (8) The type of disk deformation appeared to correlate with the clinical signs and symptoms and with the progress of internal derangement. (9) The main findings of this study indicated Le Fort I osteotomy to be associated with a short-term and long-term decrease in maxillary PBF values. (10) The xerostomia inventory appears to be a valid multi-item method for measuring the severity of the symptoms of dry mouth in clinical and epidemiologic studies.
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(11) The result appears that the faulty solution item type represents a plausible complement to the standard item types now employed on the APCS examination. The work described above should further illuminate the differences and similarities among the item types and the role that faulty solutions might play in any future computer-delivered examinations. (12) The results of this research indicate that the organization of the curriculum in the middle years of secondary school functions as a mechanism of social and gender segregation. Children become separated through assignment to levels of study in key subject areas. Students from higher SES backgrounds are more often located in the top levels of English and Mathematics than are students from lower SES origins. There is also a strong association with gender, though it varies by subject.
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(13) The results of the present study suggest that these schools provide an advantage in terms of level of middleschool study in English and mathematics, and final year achievement. The findings also suggest that the social distribution of achievement is not more equal in Catholic schools or in non-Catholic private schools than in government schools, for the strength of association does not vary significantly between schools. (14) The present study demonstrates the merits of using multiple data sources for investigating students test taking processes. The product- and process-oriented data complemented each other, providing insights that could not have been gained in the absence of one or the other. They both indicated that changing culturally unfamiliar words to more familiar ones in a cloze test had some impact on the participants test-taking processes.
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(15) These results have several implications for second language testing. First, the finding that participants sometimes did use information beyond the sentence level for solving items confirms the claim that cloze tests can measure higher-order processing skills. The present findings, based on the participants actual test taking processes, further support the validity of cloze tests by providing additional information for interpreting the test scores. (16) The findings from this research suggest a number of speculative implications for second language teaching. In brief, the study adds to the growing body of work demonstrating that all cultures do not have the same patterns of communicative interaction.
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Pengungkapan Kesimpulan
(17) In conclusion, non-Native educators of Native children from around the world need to become aware of a form of prejudice endemic to much of the education of children from nondominant cultures. This prejudice has been called ethnicism. Ethnicism is the conscious or uncosncious denial of a persons cultural ways.

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ANALISIS STRUKTUR DAN KESELARASAN SETIAP BAGIAN KARYA TULIS ILMIAH Pelajaran Bagi Penulis dan Redaksi Majalah Ilmiah

1. Kejelasan Judul 2. Keselarasan Judul dan tujuan 3. Keselarasan Judul,Tujuan dan Kesimpulan 4. Kelengkapan bagian Abstrak 5. Kelengkapan bagian Pendahuluan 6. Kelengkapan bagian Bahan dan Metode 7. Kelengkapan bagian Hasil dan Pembahasan 8. Kelengkapan bagian Kesimpulan 9. Kelengkapan bagian Ucapan Terima Kasih 10.Kelengkapan bagian Daftar Pustaka

BELAJAR DARI ARTIKEL MENARIK


No-till effects on organic matter, pH, cation exchange capacity and nutrient distribution in a Luvisol in the semi-arid subtropics Thomas, G.A., Dalal, R.C. & Standley, J. Soil and Tillage Research. Volume 94, Issue 2, June 2007, Pages 295-304 Majalah Soil and Tillage Research menempati ranking ke-6 untuk soil science menurut SJR

This article has been cited 49 times in Scopus: (Showing the 2 most recent) :
(1)Martnez, I.G. , Prat, C. , Ovalle, C. 2012. Subsoiling improves conservation tillage in cereal production of severely degraded Alfisols under Mediterranean climate. Geoderma (2) Kopp, M.M. , da luz, V.K. , de Sousa, R.O. 2012. Organic Acid Effects on Nutrient Uptake by Rice Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

1. JUDUL ARTIKEL No-till effects on organic matter, pH, cation exchange capacity and nutrient distribution in a Luvisol in the semi-arid subtropics KOMENTAR: Judul singkat (19 kata) dan menarik. Kata-kata yang manjadi daya tarik pada judul adalah no-till, organic matter, nutrient distribution, luvisol, semi-arid subtropics Southern Queensland, Australia tidak dicantumkan untuk memberi kesan manfaat penelitian tidak bersifat local, tetapi universal.

2. ANALISIS KESELARASAN JUDUL DAN TUJUAN No-till effects on organic matter, pH, cation exchange capacity and nutrient distribution in a Luvisol in the semi-arid subtropics The objective of this study was to assess the effects of tillage, stubble and fertilizer management on the amounts and distribution of organic matter and nutrients in the 02.5, 2.55, 510, 1020 and 2030 cm depths of a Luvisol in a semi-arid, subtropical environment in southern Queensland, Australia.

KOMENTAR: Judul sudah sejalan dengan tujuan, walaupun masih dapat dipersingkat Beberapa kata penting (kata kunci) pada judul diambil dari kalimat tujuan [dan metodologi, serta hasil utama NO-TILL Pernyataan tujuan menggunakan bentuk kata lampau (past tense)

3. ANALISIS KESELARASAN JUDUL, TUJUAN, KESIMPULAN

[Conclusions] The Luvisol in this study was significantly affected by 9 years of different tillage, stubble retention and N fertilizer application practices. Positive effects of NT on soil organic matter occurred to greater depth in surface soil than on Vertisols in the same environment. While organic matter (organic C and total N) and exchangeable K in the topsoil were greater under NT than under CT [conventional till] and RT [reduced till], exchangeable Na was lower under NT [HASIL UTAMA].

The greater organic matter accumulation and solute movement in these soils under NT practice would be beneficial to soil chemical and physical condition and crop production in the long-term, whereas the concentration of nutrients such as P and K in surface layers may reduce their availability to crops. The decrease in soil pH with N fertilizer application may be a cause for concern, especially if the soil is already acidic and N fertilizer use continues [IMPLIKASI].

KOMENTAR: KESELARASAN JUDUL, TUJUAN DAN KESIMPULAN Kesimpulan sejalan dengan tujuan Kalimat kesimpulan merupakan ungkapan formulasi kalimat yangcerdas dari semua hasil yang diperoleh. Hasil utama dan implikasi penelitian disajikan secara jelas. Hasil utama menggunakan bentuk kata lampau, sedangkan implikasi menggunakan bentuk kata akan

4. ANALISIS STRUKTUR ABSTRAK


No-till (NT) system for grain cropping is increasingly being practised in Australia. While benefits of NT, accompanied by stubble retention, are almost universal for soil erosion control, effects on soil organic matter and other soil properties are inconsistent, especially in a semi-arid, subtropical environment [BACKGROUND]. We examined the effects of tillage, stubble and fertilizer management on the distribution of organic matter and nutrients in the topsoil (030 cm) of a Luvisol in a semiarid, subtropical environment in southern Queensland, Australia [OBJECTIVE].

Measurements were made at the end of 9 years of NT, reduced till (RT) and conventional till (CT) practices, in combination with stubble retention and fertilizer N (as urea) application strategies for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping.[METODOLOGY]

In the top 30 cm depth, the mean amount of organic C increased slightly after 9 years, although it was similar under all tillage practices, while the amount of total N declined under CT and RT practices, but not under NT. In the 010 cm depth, the amounts of organic C and total N were significantly greater under NT than under RT or CT. No-till had 1.94 Mg ha_1 (18%) more organic C and 0.20 Mg ha_1 (21%) more total N than CT. In the 030 cm depth, soil under NT practice had 290 kg N ha_1 more than that under the CT practice, most of it in the top 10 cm depth. Microbial biomass N was similar for all treatments. Under NT, there was a concentration gradient in organic C, total N and microbial biomass N, with concentrations decreasing from 02.5 to 510 cm depths. [MAIN RESULTS]

Soil pH was not affected by tillage or stubble treatments in the 010 cm depth, but decreased significantly from 7.5 to 7.2withN fertilizer application. Exchangeable Mg and Na concentration, cation exchange capacity and exchangeable Na percentage in the 010 cm depth were greater under CT than under RT and NT, while exchangeable K and bicarbonate-extractable P concentrations were greater under NT than under CT. [MAIN RESULTS]

Therefore, NT and RT practices resulted in significant changes in soil organic C and N and exchangeable cations in the topsoil of a Luvisol, when compared with CT [CONCLUSION]. The greater organic matter accumulation close to the soil surface and solute movement in these soils under NT practice would be beneficial to soil chemical and physical status and crop production in the long-term, whereas the concentration of nutrients such as P and K in surface layers may reduce their availability to crops. [IMPLICATION] Keywords: No-till; Luvisol; Organic carbon; Total nitrogen; pH; Cations

KOMENTAR STRUKTUR ABSTRACT Abstract cukup panjang (409 kata). Tidak ada aturan khusus tentang panjang abstract pada jurnal ini [Guide to Authors]. Lazimnya panjang abstract sekitar 200-250 kata [penulis ahli mampu meringkasnya]. Abstract sudah memenuhi syarat [Guide to Authors], antara lain mengandung (a) Latar balakang, (b) tujuan, (c) metodologi, (d) hasil utama, dan (e) kesimpulan

KOMENTAR STRUKTUR ABSTRACT Metodologi sangat singkat, tetapi sudah mencakup perlakuan utama yang diuji, yaitu no till (NT), reduced till (RT) and conventional till (CT) , serta perlakuan lainnya aplikasi stubble retention and fertilizer N (as urea) application strategies for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping

5. ANALISIS BAGIAN INTRODUCTION Judul: No-till effects on organic matter, pH, cation exchange capacity and nutrient distribution in a Luvisol in the semi-arid subtropics

Prediksi informasi dalam Introduction: Luvisol in the semi air subtropics Effects of tillage and no tillage on soil properties [organic matter, nutrients]

5. ANALISIS BAGIAN INTRODUCTION


Introduction Tillage ACCELERATES oxidation of organic matter by soil microorganisms through changes in soil water, aeration .. (Doran and Smith, 1987). Therefore, soils under no-till (NT) generally CONTAIN greater organic C and N and microbial biomass than under conventional till (CT) Differences in distribution of immobile nutrients and exchangeable cations in surface layers of soil also occur between NT and CT Soils under NT practice are frequently more acidic in the surface and associated organic acids and changes in the proportions of cations and anions in soil under NT practice (Logan et al., 1991; Prasad and Power, 1991; Kern and Johnson, 1993; Schomberg et al., 1994).

From an analysis of long-term experiments, West and Marland (2002) CONCLUDED that the effects of notillage on soil organic C sequestration WERE positive, although most of these studies WERE confined to cooler, temperate environments [Informasi yang sudah diketahui] . In subtropical environments, because of their higher temperatures, there MAY be greater opportunities for organic matter decomposition, and a semi-arid climate MAY have lower biomass production and C inputs than sub-humid and humid regions (Dalal and Chan, 2001) [Pernyataan bahwa pada informasi tentang tillage pada iklim subtropis belum ada ]. Consequently, tillage effects on soil organic C sequestration in a semi-arid, subtropical environment may differ from the temperate and wetter climates [Hipotesis yang akan diuji].

SIMILAR STUDIES HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED previously in this region on Vertisols (Loch and Coughlan, 1984; Dalal et al., 1991, 1995; Thompson, 1992) [Sudah ada sedikit informasi tentang tillage pada tanah vertisol], but not on Luvisols, which have much lower clay content than the former, and possibly different organic matter and nutrient dynamics. [INFORMATION GAP: Pernyataan bahwa informasi tentang tillage pada tanah luvisol belum diketahui]

THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO ASSESS THE EFFECTS OF tillage, stubble and fertilizer management on the amounts and distribution of organic matter .
KOMENTAR STRUKTUR INTRODUCTION Informasi pada bagian Introduction singkat dan padat [3 paragraf, termasuk tujuan] Kalimat pada bagian Introduction menggunakan bentuk kata kerja PRESEN TENSE untuk fakta yang masih berlaku, dan bentuk kata PAST TENSE untuk hasil penelitian yang sudah diperoleh

6. ANALISIS BAGIAN METODOLOGI 2. Materials and methods 2.1. Experimental site (2 paragraf) THE field experiment was located THE soil was also classified . 2.2. Experiment details (4 paragraf) Full experimental details were reported in Radford et al. (1992). .. Plots were sown . The NT practice involved the use of.

KOMENTAR METODOLGI DIBUAT 3 SUB JUDUL SESUAI DENGAN TAHAP KEGIATANNYA UNTUK MEMUDAHKAN PEMAHAMAN PEMBACA Uraian setiap sub bagian metodologi lengkap Uraian metodologi menggunakan bentuk KALIMAT PASIF-PAST TENSE]

7. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION


KOMENTAR: URAIAN HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN DIBAGI MENJADI 6 SUB BAB SESUAI DENGAN JENIS DATA YANG DIHASILKAN Data yang disajikan lengkap dan utuh; didukung dengan 4 Tabel dan 1 Gambar (TIDAK TERKESAN ADA YANG DIPOTONG-POTONG) Uraian Hasil dan Pembahasan menggunakan bentuk KALIMAT AKTIF-PAST TENSE Uraian implikasi menggunakan KALIMAT AKTIF-PRESENT TENSE

8. Conclusions KOMENTAR: Pernyataan conclusions diungkapkan dalam beberapa kalimat (past tense) yang merupakan formulasi kalimat-kalimat cerdas menyatakan intisari dari hasil yang diperoleh. Sedangkan implikasi hasil penelitian diungkapkan dalam bentuk kalimat present tense

[pernyataan KESIMPULAN berkaitan dengan HASIL UTAMA] This study was significantly affected . Positive effects of NT on soil organic matter occurred .. . organic matter (organic C and total N) and exchangeable K in the topsoil were greater under NT than under [pernyataan KESIMPULAN berakitan dengan IMPLIKASI HASIL] The greater organic matter accumulation and solute movement in these soils under NT practice would be beneficial .. The decrease in soil pH with N fertilizer application may be

Catatan tentang: KESIMPULAN (dan IMPLIKASI)


Kesimpulan memuat hal-hal penting dalam penelitian yang merupakan jawaban atas permasalahan dan temuan (Peraturan Kepala LIPI No. 04/E/2011) Kesimpulan harus sejalan dengan tujuan dan hasil yang diperoleh

IMPLIKASI BERARTI penerapan hasil penelitian sebagai bahan perumusan kebijakan, penelitian lanjutan, atau penerapan dalam praktek (Soehardjan, 1997) IMPLIKASI SANGAT TERKAIT DENGAN hipotesis penelitian, tujuan, hasil diperoleh, dan temuan-temuan lainnya selama penelitian berlangsung.

Contoh pernyataan Kesimpulan dan Implikasi Title: PROTOPLAST FUSION BETWEEN WHITE AND BROWN OYSTER MUSHROOMS [Djajanegara & Masduki. 2010. IJAS Vol 11 (1): 16-23]

Objective: The aim of this study was to obtain a new strain of oyster mushroom that combine the superior traits of their parents

Conclusion: Protoplast fusion between P. floridae and P. cystidiosus resulted in 22 colonies grown on MRM media. Mycelial growth and hyphal size as well as isozyme analyses indicated that only FS1 and FS2 were confirmed to be fusants. FS1 was able to form more fruiting bodies and higher productivity compared to the parent strains and FS2. Despite the excellent productivity of FS1, neither FS1 nor FS2 showed longer storage life. [Implication]: Future experiments would be directed to obtain higher number of candidate fusants and exploring other technical aspects of postharvest technology to improve their storage life ability.

Title: IDENTIFICATION OF RICE (Oryza sativa L.) VARIETIES SUITABLE FOR DRY SEASON AND WET SEASON PLANTING [Sumarno & Sutisna, 2010. IJAS Vol 11 (1): 24-31] [Objective] The objective of the research was to identify rice genotypes most suitable for dry and/or for wet season planting.

Conclusion Rice genotypes suitable for dry and for wet season planting were identified. Ciherang, Mekongga, Cigeulis, Inpari-10, and OM 5240 genotypes are more suitable for dry season planting. Inpari-5, Inpari-3, Inpari-8, Inpari-1, OM 1490, and Cibogo are more suitable for the wet season planting, while Mekongga, Inpari-10, and OM 5240 are suitable for both dry and wet season planting. The implication of the present research results to future breeding program is that rice breeding should apply season directional selection, namely certain breeding populations should be selected for a specific season, and selected lines are to be evaluated on the corresponding season of selection

Kalimat kesimpulan yang kurang baik


Make strong statements (avoid "It may be concluded... " style); According to the results obtained, there were significant differences of genotypes (p<0.01) on all studied traits. Line-1682 gave the highest values for all studied traits The results showed there were significant differences of genotypes (p<0.01) on all studied traits. Line-1682 gave the highest values for all studied traits

9. ANALISIS BAGIAN UCAPAN TERIMA KASIH Acknowledgements THE AUTHORS THANK Mr. B.J. Radford, Mr. G. Gibson and Mr. R.G.H. NIELSEN FOR COMMENCING THE EXPERIMENT, Mr. D.N. Orange and Mr. C. Gemmell FOR ASSISTANCE WITH SOIL SAMPLING AND PROCESSING, and Mrs. J.M. Glasby, Mrs. A. Pumfrey and Mrs. C.J. Holmes FOR SOIL CHEMICAL ANALYSES. KOMENTAR Pernyataan ucapan terima kasih menyebutkan siapa dan jenis jasa masing-masing ..

10. ANALISIS BAGIAN DAFTAR PUSTAKA Artikel didukung oleh 43 referensi yang relevan dan hampir semuanya berupa artikel primer.

TIPS MUDAH MENGECEK KELENGKAPAN DAFTAR PUSTAKA block nama penulis pertama, telusuri dengan FIND dan FIND NEXT

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