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Rangkuman Materi

2012/2013 TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013

Disusun Oleh :

Suhartono

Distributed by :

Pak Anang

UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Melengkapi Kalimat/Paragraf

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian I) MELENGKAPI KALIMAT/PARAGRAF A. Melengkapi pernyataan rumpang dengan struktur kalimat tertentu.
Contoh: 1. My mother ______ some cakes last night. A. make B. makes C. made D. making PEMBAHASAN: Di soal ada keterangan waktu last night. Berarti kalimat dengan struktur simple past (lampau), dengan pola Subj + Verb 2. Maka pilihan yang menunjukkan Verb 2 adalah made. JAWAB: C

B. Melengkapi kalimat dengan kosakata tema tertentu.


Contoh: 1. All the journalists should give their writing before the ______ at 01.00 a.m. A. headline B. deadline C. printed line D. limit line PEMBAHASAN: Soal berhubungan dengan kosakata di bidang mass media. Istilah yang tepat untuk batas waktu terakhir adalah deadline. JAWAB: B

C. Melengkapi percakapan dengan ungkapan tertentu.


Contoh: 1. Diana : Whats wrong with you, Wulan? You look so sad. Wulan : My father is sick. He is in hospital now. Diana : Oh, ______ I hope he will get well soon. Wulan : Thank you. A. my God, it is wonderful B. never mind C. Im sorry to hear that D. Im okay PEMBAHASAN: Soal berhubungan dengan ungkapan sympathy. ungkapan yang tepat untuk ikut bersimpati karena ayah-nya Wulan sakit adalah Im sorry to hear that. JAWAB: C

D. Melengkapi paragraf dengan kata atau kalimat tertentu.


Contoh: For no. 1 and 2, choose the correct word to complete the paragraph. Four days ago, my father and I ___1___ our picnic planning. We decided to go to Bali. We will stay there for 1 week. I like our planning very much. What a good planning it is! I think it will be a nice vocation. My father has prepared everything for it. Last night he called up one of the hotels to reserve a double room for ___2___. 1. A. discuss B. discussed C. to discuss D. discussing 2. A. picnic B. recreation C. accommodation

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Melengkapi Kalimat/Paragraf

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com D. equipment PEMBAHASAN 1: Soal berhubungan dengan struktur kalimat. Karena Kalimat diawali dengan keterangan waktu four days ago (empat hari yang lalu), berati kalimat ber-tenses simple past, menggunakan Verb 2, yaitu: discussed. JAWAB: B PEMBAHASAN 2: Soal berhubungan dengan kosakata. Kalimat menyatakan pemesanan kamar hotel. Kamar hotel merupakan accommodation (akomodasi/ hunian) JAWAB: C

E. Menyusun kalimat acak menjadi paragraf yang padu.


Contoh: 1. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent paragraph ! 1. He is getting old now. 2. Tom is one of the best tennis players in the country. 3. Soon he is going to retire. 4. He plays in many tournaments. 5. He is a professional and earns a lot of money every year. A. B. C. D. 5-4-2-1-3 2-4-5-1-3 5-2-4-3-1 2-5-4-3-1

PEMBAHASAN: Untuk membentuk paragraph yang baik berdasarkan kalimat-kalimat acak di atas, urutan (sequence) yang benar Subject-nya harus jelas. Berarti kalimat dimulai dengan no. 2. Antara B dengan D. Yang paling tepat adalah B, diakhiri dengan kalimat Soon he is going to retire now (dia akan segera pensiun/istirahat) JAWAB: B ____________________________________________________________________________

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan)

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 2) MATERI: EXPRESSIONS

PENGERTIAN Expre ssions adalah beberapa jenis ungkapan yang lazim dipakai dalam berkomunikasi atau percakapan.

BEBERAPA JENIS EXPRESSIONS: 1. Introduction (Perkenalan) Id like to introduce myself, ______ Let me introduce myself, ______ Allow me to introduce myself, ______ Let me introduce you to ______ This is ______ 2. Gre e ting and Le ave Taking (Selamat / Bertemu dan Berpisah) How do you do ? How are you ? How are you doing ? How is life ? It is nice to meet you I am very happy to meet you Hello Hi Good morning, afternoon, evening, night Good bye See you later See you soon Cheerio 3. Gratitude and Appre ciation (Terima Kasih dan Penghargaan) Thank you Thank you very much It is very kind of you Congratulation Congratulation on ______ Happy ______ Have a nice ______ Good luck 4. Apology (Permintaan Maaf) I am sorry I dont mean to ______ Forgive me I hope you forgive me 5. Ability and Disability www.haarrr.wordpress.com education for all; education for a better life

UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan)

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com (Mampu dan Tidak Mampu) Yes, I can No, I cant Yes, I am able to ______ No, I am not able to ______ I think I am able to ______ I think I am unable to ______ I cant, Im afraid 6. Ce rtainty and Unce rtainty (Yakin/Pasti dan Tidak Yakin/Tidak Pasti) I am sure I am not sure I am certain I am not certain I doubt that I cant decide I dont know 7. Agre e me nt and Disagre e me nt (Setuju dan Tidak Setuju) I agree I disagree I absolutely agree I think so I dont think so You are absolutely right You are right, but ______ 8. Like and Dislike (Suka dan Tidak Suka) I like it I love it Im very keen on ______ I dont like it I hate it 9. Opinion (Pendapat) What do you think of ______ I think ______ Lets talk about it I wonder ______ Give me comments or suggestions, please 10. Asking and Offe ring (Meminta dan Menawarkan) Excuse me, May I ______ ? Do you mind ______ Would you please ______ Would you help me, please ? What can I do for you, _____? 11. Command and Prohibition (Perintah dan Larangan) Pay attention, please! www.haarrr.wordpress.com education for all; education for a better life

UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan)

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com Listen to me! Keep the room clean! Lets go! Be on time! Be a good student! Dont move, please! Dont go away! Dont worry! Dont be late! No talking, please! No smoking! No parking in this area! 12. Warning (Peringatan) Watch out ! Be aware of ______ ! Be careful ! 13. Pre fe re nce (Lebih Suka / Pilihan) I like ______ better than ______ I prefer ______ to ______ I would rather ______ than ______ 14. Exclamation (Kekaguman) What a wonderful world ! What a beautiful girl ! How beautiful she is ! How big the ship is ! It is great ! Excellent ! 15. Sympathy (Ikut bersimpati) Take it easy Dont worry, everything will be all right What a pity I am sorry to hear that Poor you

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( EXPRESSIONS ) 1. Shopkeeper Customer Shopkeeper : So, are you going to buy this gas stove? : Yes, but ______. : Please dont worry about it. I believe that it will satisfy you. It has a three year guarantee. (UN 2006/P1)

A. B. C. D.

Im certain the quality is good there s no doubt about the quality Im not sure about the quality I cant decide if it is good

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan)

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com PEMBAHASAN: Customer jadi membeli kompor gas (gas stove), tapi masih ragu. Kemudian Shopkeeper berkata Jangan k hawatir. Maka ungkapan Customer adalah ungkapan merasa tidak yakin (uncertainty), yaitu: Im not sure about the quality (Saya tidak yakin terhadap kualitasnya). JAWAB: C 2. Lia Uti Lia A. B. C. D. : Oh, my wallet has been stolen. : ______. How did it happen? : Maybe a pickpocket took it when I was on the bus. (UN 2005/P1) Thats a good idea That would be nice Thats great What a pity

PEMBAHASAN: Lia berkata bahwa dompetnya telah dicuri. Maka ungkapan yang tepat adalah sympathy, yaitu What a pity (oh k asihan / sayang sek ali). JAWAB: D 3. Student : It seems to me that you are having trouble taking those books. Let me help you, Sir. Teacher : Oh, ______ (UN 2005/P1) A. can you help me? B. thats very kind of you C. its none of your business D. why dont you bring these books PEMBAHASAN: Siswa menawarkan bantuan. Maka ungkapan yang tepat dari Guru adalah ungkapan gratitude/appreciation, yaitu: thats very kind of you (Anda sangat baik ). JAWAB: B 4. Father : Ive got a headache. ______ Mother : Certainly. Here it is. Father : Thanks. (UN 2003/P2) A. Can you get me an aspirin, please? B. Will you take me to a doctor, please? C. Will you help me hold my head? D. Do you have time to help me? PEMBAHASAN: Situasi dialog adalah Ayah sedang sakit kepala. Untuk menentukan kalimat Ayah yang kedua, perhatikan jawaban Ibu: Ce rtainly. He re it is (Tentu saja. Ini.). Berarti Ibu mengambilkan Ayah sesuatu. Maka ungkapan yang diucapkan oleh Ayah adalah ask ing, yaitu: Can you get me an aspirin, please? (Bisak ah k amu mengambilk an saya aspirin?). JAWAB: A 5. Jane : When will you go back to Indonesia? Rudi : ______. It depends on my study. (UN 2004/P2) A. Im sure B. Im not certain C. I absolutely believe D. I dont understand PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan kalimat Rudi yang kedua: It depends on my study (tergantung pada studi-k u). Berarti Rudi merasa tidak yakin atau merasa tidak pasti. Maka kalimat Rudi yang pertama ialahuncertainty: Im not certain. JAWAB: B 6. Doni : How did you travel to Surabaya? Santi : By Argo Bromo train. Its a very good train. It took me just nine hours. Doni : ______ (UN 2004/P2) A. What train is it? B. What a fast train! C. How fast is the train? D. How good the train is.

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan)

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com PEMBAHASAN: Isi percakapan tersebut menyiratkan Kereta Api Argo Bromo adalah kereta api cepat. Maka ungkapan Doni adalah exclamation, yaitu: What a fast train! (Wow, betul-betul k ereta api yang cepat!atau Alangk ah cepatnya k ereta api itu!). Ingat, salah satu ciri exclamation adalah selalu diakhiri dengan tanda seru. JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Tenses

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 3) MATERI : TENSES

Te nse s yaitu bentuk kata kerja Bahasa Inggris yang perubahannya berkaitan dengan waktu. Misal: Verb 1 (infinitive), Verb 2, dan Verb 3. Contoh pe nggunaan te nse s: 1. Saya belajar di SMP (saat ini) 2. Saya belajar di SD tiga tahun yang lalu 3. Saya akan belajar di SMA tahun depan 1. I study at SMP 2. I studied at SD three years ago 3. I will study at SMA next year

JENIS-JENIS TENSES Ada 16 bentuk tenses. Untuk tingkat SMP, jenis tenses dasar yang harus dikuasi adalah: A. B. C. D. E. Simple Present Simple Past Present Continuos Present Perfect Present Future

A. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (waktu kini / saat ini) Digunakan untuk menjelaskan sesuatu yang bersifat umum dan kebiasaan. Pola: 1. S + V1 (s/e s) 2. S + to be + Comple me nt. I like English, she like s English, they like English I am fine, she is diligent, they are here.

Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb). Ke te rangan Waktu dan Fre kwe nsi: Every, usually, always, often, sometimes, seldom, ever, never. Catatan: Untuk pola 1 = Ada penambahan s/e s pada V1 jika Subj he , she , it Untuk kal. Ne gative dan Tanya, kata kerja Bantu-nya (Aux.Verb): do / doe s ( I, you, we, they = do ) ( He, she, it = does ) Untuk pola 2 = to be (am, is, are ) tergantung subje ct. ( I = am ) ( He, she, it = is ) Contoh kalimat: 1. (+) She plays badminton every Sunday (-) She doe s not play badminton every Sunday (?) Doe s she play badminton every Sunday? 2. (+) He is smart. (-) He is not smart (?) Is he smart? ( You, we, they = are )

B. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (waktu lampau) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan di masa lampau/lalu. Pola: 1. S + V2 I studie d English yesterday 2. S + to be + Comple me nt She was sick last night, they we re here yesterday

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Tenses

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb). Ke te rangan Waktu: Yesterday, last ---, --- ago, in 1997, etc. Catatan: Pola 1. Pembentukan V2 : Untuk re gular ve rb (te ratur) >> tambahkan d/ed Untuk irre gular ve rb (tdk te ratur) >> lihat kamus (daftar Verb) Untuk kal. Ne gative dan Tanya, kata kerja bantu-nya (Aux. Verb) adalah: did Pola 2. To be (was, we re ) tergantung Subject >> I, he, she, it = was. Contoh kalimat: (+) She played badminton yesterday (-) She did not play badminton yesterday (?) Did she play badminton yesterday? (+) He was here last night (-) He was not here last night (?) Was he here last night? >> You, we, they, jamak = were

C. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (waktu se dang-se karang) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang se dang terjadi (sekarang) Pola: S + to be + V-ing to be pre se nt: (is, am, are )

Ke te rangan Waktu: Now, at present, at this moment Contoh kalimat: (+) He is studying English now. (-) He is not studying English now (?) Is he studying English now? Catatan: Tidak semua kata kerja bisa diubah menjadi bentuk continuous. Misalnya: Verb be, believe, know, like, understand, want, see.

D. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (te lah / sudah) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang te lah atau sudah selesai dilakukan. Pola: 1. S + have /has + V3 I have worke d for 1 hour 2. S + have /has + be e n + Comple me nt I have be e n here for 1 hour Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb). Penggunaan have atau has tergantung pada Subject. I, you, we, they, jamak = have He, she, it = has Ke te rangan Waktu: since (sejak), for (selama), alre ady/just now (baru saja) Contoh kalimat: (+) She has worke d at the bank for 4 years. (-) She has not worke d at the bank for 4 years www.haarrr.wordpress.com education for all; education for a better life

UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Tenses

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com (?) Has she worke d at the bank for 4 years? Catatan: Jika negative (has not / have not) : belum Jika ditambah e ve r : sudah pernah Jika ditambah ne ve r : belum pernah I have ever met him I have not met him I have never met him (saya sudah pernah bertemu dia) (saya belum bertemu dia) (saya belum pernah bertemu dia)

E. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE (akan, di masa me ndatang) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan dilakukan di masa mendatang. Pola: 1. 2. S + will + V1/inf 1. I will work tomorrow S + will + be + Comple me nt 2. I will be he re tomorrow

Complement: Non-Verb, bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective, Noun and Adverb). Pola Lain: kata will, diganti dengan to be + going to

to be (is,am,are) sesuaik an dengan Subject-nya Contoh: I will work tomorrow / I am going to work tomorrow She will work tomorrow / She is going to work tomorrow Ke te rangan Waktu, misalnya: tomorrow, next time, next week, tonight, coming holiday Contoh kalimat: (+) she will write the letter tonight. (-) She will not write the letter tonight. (?) Will she write the letter tonight? Dalam kalimat pengandaian, pre se nt future berpasangan dengan simple pre se nt. Contoh: I will come if he invite s me.

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( TENSES ) 1. Dian Basuki is a piano player. He plays the piano very well. He ______ many competitions in Indonesia since he was a primary school student. (UN 2006/P1) A. wins B. has won C. will won D. won PEMBAHASAN: Untuk melengkapi kalimat terakhir dari soal di atas, perhatikan keterangan waktu since (sejak). Berarti kalimat tersebut ber-tenses Present Perfect (telah/sudah). Pola Present Perfect: Subj + have /has + V3. Maka pilihan yang tepat adalah has won (telah memenangk an) JAWAB: B 2. Teacher : Whos absent today, children? Jihan : Umar, Sir. Hes sick. His mother ______ him to the clinic yesterday. Teacher : I see. (UN 2005/P1) A. will take B. has taken C. takes D. took

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Tenses

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Jihan yang kedua, ada keterangan waktu yesterday. Berarti Kalimat Simple Past, menggunakan Verb 2. Pilihan yang menunjukkan Verb 2 adalah took . JAWAB: D 3. Syfa : Tell me about your plan for the coming holiday. Anggi : I ______ my holiday in China. Syfa : It sounds interesting. (UN 2003/P2) A. have spent B. am going to spend C. spend D. spent PEMBAHASAN: Syfa menanyakan apa rencana (plan) Anggi untuk liburan mendatang (coming holiday). Berarti jawaban yang dibutuhkan adalah kalimat present future (yang ak an datang). Kata-kata yang sama artinya dengan will adalah to be + going to (ak an): am going to spend (ak an menghabisk an). JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Question Words

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 4)

MATERI: QUESTION WORDS


Question Words (kata tanya) merupakan salah satu materi yang sering muncul dalam soal Ujian Nasional. Contoh beberapa Question Words: what who whom whose where when which why how what else what kind of which one (s) how many how much how much how far how long how old how tall how wide : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : apa (benda; konkret/abstrak) siapa (subject/object) siapa (object) milik siapa dimana / kemana kapan yang mana (pilihan) mengapa bagaimana (keadaan & cara) apa lagi yang lainnya apa jenisnya yang mana berapa banyak (dapat dihitung) berapa banyak (tak dapat dihitung) berapa harganya berapa jauh (jarak) berapa lama (waktu) berapa umurnya berapa tingginya berapa lebarnya

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( QUESTION WORDS ) 1. Alice Tina : Your country is really beautiful. : Yeah, it is, but I bet your country is beautiful, too. Id like to visit you in Sydney. Its my dream. Alice : You can come any time you like. Tina : By the way, ______ is Australia from here ? Alice : Its about 20.000 kilometers. (UN 2005/P2) A. how long B. how far C. how high D. how old PEMBAHASAN: Berdasarkan jawaban Alice: Its about 20.000 km (sekitar 20.000 km), berarti Tina menanyakan jarak. Maka Question word yang tepat adalah how far (berapa jauh/jaraknya). JAWAB: B 2. Jihan : Whose guitar is that ? Ario : ______, Han ? Jihan : The new one on the table. Ario : Oh, its mine. (UN 2005/P1) A. Which ones B. Which one C. What guitar D. Where else

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Question Words

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan ucapan Jihan: Whose guitar is that ? (Milik siapa gitar itu?), menandakan bahwa gitar Cuma satu. Sedangkan maksud Han: Yang mana, Han? (Which one). Kata one menggantikan gitar (satu buah). Sedangkan ones (banyak/lebih dari satu buah). JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Comparison (Perbandingan)

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 5)

MATERI: COMPARISON
Comparison (Perbandingan) adalah struktur kalimat yang meliputi tingkat perbandingan sama (positive), tingkat perbandingan lebih (comparative) dan tingkat perbandingan paling (superlative). TABEL TINGKAT PERBANDINGAN
TINGKAT Positive Sama Comparative Lebih Superlative Paling POLA as adj /adv as the same N as adj /adv er more adj/adv the adj/adv est the most adj/adv KETERANGAN Adjective : kt. Sifat Adverb : kt. Keterangan Noun : kt. Benda 1 suku kata 2 atau lebih suku kata 1 suku kata 2 atau lebih suku kata CIRI-CIRI

Pembandingnya: than(daripada) Pembandingnya: of , among (daripada/diantara)

Adjective tidak beraturan (irregular adjectives): good (baik) bad / ill (buruk) Contoh kalimat: Tingkat Sama 1. Anita is as smart as Ifa 2. They are as diligent as Andi 3. Linda is as good as Santi Tingkat Lebih 1. You are smarter than Nur 2. Albert is more diligent than Katty 3. Aco is better than Beddu Tingkat Paling (ter - ) 1. I am the smartest of all 2. She is the most diligent among her friends 3. He is the best in his class CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( COMPARISONS ) 1. Look at the following list. No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Appliances Microwave Vacuum Cleaner Washing Machine Refrigerator Electric Coffe Maker Rp. Rp. Rp. Rp. Rp. Price 1.950.000 2.750.000 1.250.000 2.010.000 237.500 better (lebih baik) worse (lebih buruk) the best (paling baik) the worst (paling buruk)

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Comparison (Perbandingan)

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com The list shows that a washing machine is ______ a microwave. (UN 2006/P1) A. the most expensive B. the same price C. cheaper than D. as cheap as PEMBAHASAN: Lihat perbandingan harga antara Washing Machine dengan Microwave. Berdasarkan table, harga Washing Machine lebih murah daripada Microwave. Lebih murah= cheaper. JAWAB: C 2. Amanda : Look, arent Mike Tyson and Hollyfield good boxers? Linda : Yes. They are both strong, arent they? Joe : Yes, but Mike Tyson is ______ Hollyfield. Frank : And Mike can knock out his opponent easily. (UN 2005/P1) A. stronger than B. as strong as C. the strongest D. very strong PEMBAHASAN: Dari perkataan Frank (Mike bisa meng-K.O. lawannya dengan mudah) bisa diambil kesimpulan bahwa sebenarnya Mike Tyson lebih kuat (stronger)daripada Hollifield. Dengan demikian, jawabannya adalah tingkat lebih. JAWAB: A 3. The Picture shows us that traveling by train is ______ than by bus. (UN 2004/P2)

Price: Rp. 75.000 / ticket A. B. C. D. faster cheaper more expensive more comfortable

Price: Rp. 100.000 / ticket

PEMBAHASAN: Berdasarkan gambar, informasi yang ditonjolkan adalah harga tiket (Price). Berarti Bepergian dengan kereta api lebih murah (cheaper)daripada dengan bus. JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Pronouns (Kata Ganti)

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 6)

MATERI : PERSONAL PRONOUNS


Personal Pronoun yaitu kata ganti yang menggantikan / menunjukkan benda atau orang. SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE. (Milik + benda) My Your His Her Its Our Their POSSESSIVE PRONOUN. (Milik tanpa benda) mine yours his hers ours theirs REFLEXIVE (Penegas) myself yourself / yourselves himself herself itself ourselves themselves

I You He She It We They Contoh Penggunaan: (Subject) (Object) (Pos. Adj.) (Pos.Pro.) (Reflexive) 1.

me you him her it us them

= I love her = She loves me = It is my book = It is mine = I myself do not know

( Saya mencintai dia ) ( Dia mencintai saya ) ( Itu buku-ku / itu buku milik saya ) diikuti benda (book) ( Itu kepunyaanku/ Itu milik saya) tidak diikuti benda ( Saya sendiri tidak mengetahui )

CONTOH SOAL: Anita and I missed the morning flight, and this made _____ late for our friends wedding. A. her B. them C. we D. us PEMBAHASAN: Anita and I sama dengan We (sebagai Subject). Karena yang ditanyakan sebagai Object, maka we menjadi us. Terjemahannya: Anita dan saya ketinggalan penerbangan pagi, dan ini membuat kami terlambat untuk hadir di pesta perkawinan teman kami. JAWAB: D BEBERAPA PERSONAL PRONOUN YANG LAIN: PRONOUN SINGULAR (S) / PLURAL (P) S S S P P P P P P P P P S S S S COUNTABL E NOUN (CN) UNCOUNTABLE NOUN (UNC) ARTI

one Each Every Both Some a lot of Many Much a little a few Most All none / no body someone / somebody anyone / anybody everyone / everybody

seseorang / sesuatu masing-masing setiap keduanya beberapa banyak banyak banyak sedikit sedikit sebagian besar semua tak ada seorangpun seseorang seseorang (kal negatif & tanya) setiap orang

Contoh Penggunaan:

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS (Singular / Plural) (Count / Uncount.) (Positif, negative & Tanya)

Materi: Pronouns (Kata Ganti)

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: 1. Each of the students is required to come on time. (singular) 2. Both of the students are required to come on time. (plural) : 1. I dont have many cars. (countable noun) 2. I dont have much money. (uncountable noun) : 1. There is somebody in the room. (positive) 2. There is not anybody in the room. (negative) 3. There is nobody in the room. (positif, bermakna negative) 3. Is there anybody in the room? (tanya)

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( PRONOUNS ) 1. Brother : Is this your box? Sister : No. Brother : So, who has put in here? Sister : ______ has, but I dont know who. (UN 2005/P1) A. Anyone B. Someone C. Everyone D. No one PEMBAHASAN: Maksud dari ucapan sister adalah Seseorang telah menaruh kotak tersebut, tetapi saya tidak tahu siapa. Personal Pronoun yang mempunyai arti seseorang ialah pilihan A dan B. Pilihan A (Anyone) digunakan untuk kalimat negatif dan Tanya. Pilihan B (Someone) untuk kalimat positif. Dengan demikian jawaban yang tepat adalah someone. JAWAB: B 2. Peter : Have you met Jeremy Thomas and Anjasmara? Russell : Not yet. But everyone knows that ______ of them are famous entertainers. (UN 2004/P2) A. each B. both C. none D. all PEMBAHASAN: Yang akan diganti dengan Personal Pronoun adalah Jeremy Thomas dan Anjasmara. Berarti dua orang. Maka kata yang tepat adalah both (keduanya). JAWAB: B 3. Student : Would you tell ______ name, Sir? Teacher : With pleasure. I am Mr. Smith. (UN 2000/P2) A. your B. yours C. my D. mine PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan kata name (kt. Benda). Personal Pronoun yang diikuti dengan kata benda, adalah Possessive Adjective(kepunyaan). Pilihan yang menunjukkan kepunyaan / milik adalah A dan C. Karena nama yang dimaksud adalah kepunyaan pembicara/orang kedua, maka pilihan yang tepat adalah A (your). your name (nama Anda / nama-mu) JAWAB: A

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Elliptical Sentences Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 7)

MATERI: ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES


Elliptical Sentences yaitu Kalimat yang diringkas dan pengertiannya sama dengan kalimat utama atau kalimat induk. Contoh: 1. 2. She likes listening to music I like listening to music Diringkas menjadi: She likes listening to music and so do I (Dia suka mendengarkan musik dan saya juga) Kalimat induk Elliptical

BENTUK-BENTUK ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES 1. Jika Kalimat Induk Positif (+): So: So + Aux. Verb + Subj. 2 Too: Subj. 2 + Aux. Verb + too Jika Kalimat Induk Negatif (-): Neither: neither + Aux. Verb + Subj. 2 Either: Subj. 2 + Aux. Verb + not + either

2.

MENENTUKAN AUXILIARY VERB (KATA KERJA BANTU) Perhatikan predikat pada kalimat induk. Jika menggunakan: 1. to be (is, am, are) to be (was, were) 2. Verb 1 (s/es) 3. Verb 2 4. have/ has + noun have /has to + V1 have /has + V3 5. had + noun had to + V1 had + V3 Aux. Verb-nya: Aux. Verb-nya: Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya did did had modals (will, can, may, must) to be (is, am, are) to be (was, were) do / does did do / does do / does have / has

(Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya)

(Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya) Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya Aux. Verb-nya

6. Modals (will, can, must, may) CONTOH KALIMAT:

Aux. Verb-nya

She is a good student and so am I. My father watched TV last night and my mother did, too. He does not have a new car and neither do I. My friends have done the homework and so has Linda. They will not go tomorrow and I wont, either.

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Elliptical Sentences Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES ) 1. Sisca : I like to watch the Indonesian idol programme. Ranti : ______. I think it is the most interesting among the programmes. Sisal : I agree with you. (UN 2006/P1) A. So am I B. I do too C. I dont either D. Neither do I PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk adalah ucapan Sisca (I like to watch.....). Karena positif, maka pakai so atau too. Kalimat tersebut menggunakan Verb 1 sebagai predikat, maka kata kerja bantunya do / does. Untuk Subject I adalah do. JAWAB: B 2. Rhinoceros is protected; Jalak Bali is protected. We can also say ______. (UN 2004/P2) A. Rhinoceros is protected, and neither is Jalak Bali B. Rhinoceros is protected, and Jalak Bali is too C. Rhinoceros is protected, and so was Jalak Bali D. Rhinoceros is protected, and Jalak Bali isnt either PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk (Rhinoceros is protected) adalah positif. Maka menggunakan so / too. Pilihan yang tepat adalah B (Aux.V sama dengan Kalimat induk is). JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 8)

MATERI: CONJUNCTIONS
Conjunction (Kata Penghubung) adalah kata yang berfungsi untuk menghubungkan dua kata, frasa atau kalimat. Contoh: and but or because as, since, for hence therefore consequently fortunately finally then eventhough although despite inspite of yet nevertheless however whereas so so that in order to in order that beside on the other hand in addition moreover furthermore otherwise unless not only.but also both.and. either.or. neither.nor. : dan : tetapi : atau : karena : sebab : karena itu : oleh sebab itu : akibatnya : untungnya : akhirnya : kemudian : walaupun : walaupun : meskipun : meskipun : namun : namun demikian : akan tetapi : sedangkan : jadi / maka : sehingga : agar, supaya : agar, supaya : di samping itu : di sisi lain : sebagai tambahan : lagi pula : lagi pula : jika tidak : kecuali jika : tidak hanya. tetapi juga. : baik . maupun . (keduanya) : baik . maupun . : baik . Maupun. tidak.

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( CONJUNCTIONS ) 1. Tina Rony A. B. C. D. and but then so : Did you attend the funeral ceremony yesterday ? : Yes, I did. But it took long time ______ I went home earlier. (UN 2003/P2)

PEMBAHASAN: Conjunction yang tepat untuk menghubungkan Kalimat di atas adalah so (jadi) yang berfungsi untuk menghubungkan urutan kejadian sebab akibat. But it took long time so I went home earlier (Tetapi memakan waktu yang lama jadi saya pulang lebih cepat). JAWAB: D 2. Bogi Koke : Could you tell me how to get to the National Park Information Center? : Sure. Right over there. You will ______ get information from it ______ you will ______ get a member card for hiking. (UN 2005/P1)

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS A. B. C. D. not only but also but also not only also but not only but not only also

Materi: Conjunctions Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

PEMBAHASAN: Pasangan / urutan Conjunction yang tepat adalah not only . but also (tidak hanya.tetapi juga) Kalimat tersebut, lengkapnya adalah: You will not only get information from it but you will also get a member card for hiking. JAWAB: A

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: TAG QUESTIONS Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 9) MATERI : TAG QUESTIONS


Tag Questions adalah pertanyaan yang menumpang pada kalimat dan berfungsi untuk menegaskan. Contoh: She lives in Maros, doesnt she? Kalimat Utama Tag (Dia tinggal di Maros, kan?)

BENTUK-BENTUK TAG QUESTIONS Kalimat utama Positif (+), Kalimat utama Negatif (-), Kalimat Perintah, Kalimat Ajakan, CATATAN : 1. Subject pada Tag, dalam bentuk kata ganti subject. Subject yang diawali to +Verb 1 Subject yang diawali Verbing Subject Plural (jamak) Subject Singular (tunggal it (to buy a new car needs much money, doesnt it?) it (Reading is your hobby, isnt it?) they (The students are studying now, arent they?) it (The car is expensive, isnt it?) maka Tag-nya: maka Tag-nya : maka Tag-nya: maka Tag-nya: Negatif (Aux.V + not + Subj.) Katty is your close friend, isnt she? Positif (Aux.V + Subj.) They did not study hard, did they? will you? Open the door, will you? shall we Lets go to the movie, shall we?

2. Not, disingkat: nt 3. Untuk menentukan Auxiliary Verb (kata kerja bantu), lihat pembahasan Elliptical Sentences. CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( TAG QUESTIONS ) 1. Dasnil : Where will we stay if we go to Bali next holiday? Irwan : At an inn. Dasnil : Have you checked the price? Irwan : Yes, the price is Rp. 50.000,- per night. Dasnil : The price includes breakfast, ______? (UN 2005/P2) A. doesnt it B. does it C. isnt it D. is it PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Utama positif, menggunakan V1(s), maka tag-nya Negatif dengan Aux.V= do/does. Karena Kata ganti Subject the price adalah it, maka menggunakan does. JAWAB: A 2. Andi : We can spend the night at a hotel. Bakri : Yeah, but to stay at a hotel needs much money, ______? Andi : Thats right. Bakri : And we dont have enough for it. (UN 2005/P1) A. dont you B. doesnt it C. wont it D. isnt it

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: TAG QUESTIONS

Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Utama positif, Subjectnya: to stay at a hotel, sama dengan it. Predikat-nya Verb1(s) / needs, maka kata kerja bantu-nya = do/does. Subject it, menggunakan does. JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Conditional Sentences

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 10)


MATERI: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Conditional Sentences yaitu kalimat pengandaian yang terdiri dari 3 tipe. Untuk tingkat SMP, yang harus dikuasai yaitu tipe 1. Type 1 : Future-Probable Condition (Kondisi yang mungkin terjadi di masa mendatang) Pola : If + Subj + V1 (s/es), Subj + will + V1

(Klausa-if: simple present,

klausa akibat: present future)

Contoh : If I have much money, I will buy a new car. Klausa if Klausa akibat (Seandainya/jika saya punya banyak uang, saya akan membeli sebuah mobil baru). If she comes on time, I will be very happy. If it rains, I will not come. If it doesnt rain, I will come. My father will give me a present if I win the competition. He will study abroad if he has money. He will not study abroad if he does not have money. CATATAN: 1. Perhatikan penambahan s/es untuk Verb 1 jika Subject he, she, it (pada klausa if ). 2. Perhatikan penambahan be jika bukan kata kerja setelah will (pada klausa akibat)

CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( CONDITIONAL SENTENCES) 1. If I win the election, I ______ the salaries of the workers and hire more women in the government offices. (UN 2006/P1) A. increase B. increased C. will increase D. have increased PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Pengandaian. Klausa if menggunakan tenses present: Verb 1 (win), maka pada Klausa Akibat menggunakan tenses present future: will + V1 (will increse). JAWAB: C 2. Susi : Will you come to my party next week? Dony : Maybe, but I am not sure. Susi : Please, Dony. Dony : Ok. I will come if ______. (UN 2006/P4-Susulan) A. I am busy B. I have time C. you are not there D. it rains PEMBAHASAN: Menanyakan Klausa-if. Dari segi struktur Kalimat, semua pilihan sudah menggunakan tenses simple present. Analisa berikutnya, dari segi makna. Pilihan yang kemungkinan besar membuat Doni bisa datang adalah jika saya punya waktu(if I have time). JAWAB: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 11)

MATERI: READING
STANDAR KOMPETENSI Siswa mampu memahami makna teks tulis interpersonal maupun transaksional dalam bentuk Teks Recount/Narrative, Report/Descriptive dan Procedure. 1. Recount / Narrative: Teks yang isinya menceritakan kembali (retell) kejadian di masa lampau. Teks ini biasanya menggunakan tenses past. Report / Descriptive: Teks yang menjelaskan atau mendiskripsikan tentang sesuatu, biasanya menggunakan tenses present. Procedure: Teks yang isinya berupa prosedur atau proses dan urutan terjadinya sesuatu. Biasanya menggunakan tenses present.

2. 3.

RUANG LINGKUP MATERI Siswa mampu memahami teks fungsional pendek yang berbentuk Recount/Narrative, Report/Descriptive dan Procedure, meliputi: 1. Menemukan gambaran umum (general idea) 2. Menemukan pikiran utama (main idea) 3. Menemukan informasi rinci tertentu (specific information) 4. Menemukan informasi tersurat (reference) dan tersirat (inference) 5. Menfsirkan kata, frase atau kalimat dalam teks. Catatan: Teks Fungsional adalah teks bentuk khusus dengan fungsi tertentu. Misalnya: pengumuman, iklan, label, surat dan grafik/tabel.

CONTOH PERTANYAAN BERDASARKAN RUANG LINGKUP MATERI 1. Menemukan gambaran umum. Pertanyaan biasanya berupa judul dan topic bacaan. Contoh: 1. What does paragraph 2 talk about? 2. The text tells us about ______. Menemukan Pikiran utama. Pertanyaan berkaitan dengan penjelasan atau pendapat penulis tentang topic bacaan. Pikiran utama bisa didapat dari kalimat utama. Kalimat utama ada di awal, ditengah atau di akhir paragraph / teks. Pikiran utama juga bisa berupa kesimpulan dari kalimat-kalimat dalam paragraf / teks. Contoh: 1. What is the main idea of the text? 2. Based on the text, we may conclude that ______. Menemukan informasi rinci. Informasi yang tidak tertera secara jelas pada teks bacaan. Untuk menemukan informasi ini, harus membaca teks secara rinci atau intensif (intensive reading). Contoh: 1. Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text? 2. How many children does she have? Menemukan informasi tersurat dan tersirat. Informasi tersurat: Informasi yang tertera jelas atau langsung dalam teks bacaan Informasi tersirat: Informasi yang tidak tertera jelas, tetapi bisa didapat dari menyimpulkan bagian-bagian tertentu dalam teks bacaan (reading between the lines). Contoh: 1. The graphic shows that ______. 2. Where does the conversation take place? Menafsirkan kata, frase atau kalimat dalam teks. Pertanyaan biasanya berupa: Persamaan arti ( synonym)

2.

3.

4.

5.

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS Lawan kata ( antonym/opposite) Definisi / pengertian (definition) Rujukan / Acuan (reference) Contoh: 1. What is the synonym of the underlined word? 2. What does it (in paragraph 1) refer to?

Materi: Reading

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LATIHAN DAN PEMBAHASAN TEXT 1. Bicycles are very popular today. Many people use bicycles for exercise. But exercise is only one of the reasons why bicycles are popular. Another reason is money. Bicycles are not expensive to buy. They do not need gas to make them go. They are also easy and cheap to fix. In cities, many people like bicycles better than cars. By bicycles, they never have to wait in traffic. They also do not have to find a place to park. Finally, bicycles do not cause any pollution.

1.

What is the main idea of the paragraph? A. Bicycles are very popular today B. Bicycles are not expensive C. Many people like bicycles D. Bicycles do not cause any pollution PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menemukan Pikiran Utama (main Idea). Yang menjadi pikiran utama adalah pilihan A (bicycles are very popular today). Pikiran Utama tersebut terdapat di kalimat utama yang berada di awal paragraph. Pilihan yang lain, merupakan kalimat-kalimat penjelas atau pendukung kalimat utama.

JAWAB: A 2. Bicycles are very popular today (line 1). The closest meaning of the underlined word is ______. A. interesting B. comfortable C. famous D. wonderful PEMBAHASAN: JAWAB: C TEXT 2. My father died of cancer five years ago when I was three years old. He left my mother and me, their only boy. Last year my mother married Mr. Daud. He was a widower and he had got two children, Andi and Siska. Mr. Daud now becomes my step father. Andi and Siska become my step brother and step sister. Both of them are older than me. We live happily in my step fathers house. Now, we are waiting for the birth of my mothers baby. 3. What is the relationship between the writer, Andi and Siska? A. The writer is Andi and Siskas children B. The writer is Andi and Siskas step brother C. Andi and Siska are the writers brother and sister D. Andi and Siska are the writers cousins PEMBAHASAN: JAWAB: B 4. He was a widower (line 3) What does he in the sentence refer to? A. The writer Pertanyaan Informasi Rinci. Informasi tersebut tidak tertera jelas dalam teks. Untuk menemukannya, baca secara rinci (baris 4 & 5). Pertanyaan menafsirkan makna kata. Arti yang paling dekat (synonym) dengan popular adalah famous (terkenal).

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS B. The only boy C. The writers father D. Mr. Daud PEMBAHASAN: JAWAB: D TEXT 3. 17 Derriford Road Beverly Hills

Materi: Reading

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Pertanyaan menentukan Rujukan Kata. Kata he merujuk atau menggantikan Mr. Daud.

May 21, 2004 Dear Dony, I was pleased to get your latest letter. I enjoyed reading it. Thanks a lot. Hope to get another one soon. My parents and I are planning to spend this summer holiday in Malaysia and Indonesia. We have heard a lot about Malaysia, but not much about Indonesia. So could you tell us more about Indonesia? We particularly want information about the main tourist destinations with their places of interest. Thats all for now. Im looking forward to hearing from you soon. My best regards to your parents. Bye. Best wishes, Bruce 5. What does the letter mostly talk about? A. A planning to spend the summer holiday in Malaysia B. Dony wanted some information about Malaysia and Indonesia C. A request for some information about tourist destinations in Indonesia D. Bruce informed some places of interest for tourist destinations in Indonesia PEMBAHASAN: JAWAB: C 6. I was pleased to get your latest letter (paragraph 1). What is the synonym of the underlined word? A. Glad B. Sad C. Disappointed D. Unhappy PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menafsirkan makna kata, berupa synonym (persamaan arti). Synonym dari pleased adalah glad (gembira). JAWAB: A Pertanyaan menemukan Topik (intisari) bacaan. Berdasarkan pada paragraf 2, maka bisa diambil kesimpulan bahwa surat tersebut topiknya adalah Bruce meminta informasi tentang tempat-tempat wisata atau persinggahan turis (tourist destinations) di Indonesia.

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Exclamation

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 12) MATERI: EXCLAMATION Exclamation merupakan salah satu bentuk expressions (ungkapan) yang mengindikasikan rasa kekaguman, ketakjuban, keheranan dan keterkejutan. Pada materi ini, dibahas secara singkat ungkapan exclamation dengan menggunakan kata what dan how. Kata what dan how tersebut, biasa diterjemahkan: betapa, alangkah, betul-betul... 1. Exclamation using what Pattern: what + article + adjective + noun Examples: What a beautiful girl! (Betapa seorang gadis yang cantik!) atau: (Betul-betul seorang gadis yang cantik!) What an interesting story! (Betapa sebuah cerita yang menarik!) What a wonderful world! (Betapa sebuah dunia yang menakjubkan!) Catatan: untuk menegaskan atau menunjuk pada benda atau orang yang dimaksud, pola dasar di atas biasanya diikuti dengan pronoun benda/orang-nya. Misal: What a beautiful girl she is! (Betul-betul seorang gadis yang cantik... dia!) 2. Exclamation using how Pattern: how + adjective + noun/subj-pronoun + predicate/to-be Examples: How beautiful you are! (Alangkah cantiknya kamu!) atau: (Betapa cantiknya kamu!) How big the house is! (Alangkah besarnya rumah itu!) How smart they are! (Betapa cerdasnya mereka!) Catatan: terkadang pula bentuk exclamation how diperpendek menjadi, misalnya: How beautiful...! (alangkah cantiknya...!) ***

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Exclamation

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: procedure text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 13)

MATERI: READING, PROCEDURE TEXT Procedure/Procedural Text, Teks Prosedur, adalah teks yang berisi prosedur, proses, cara, atau langkah-langkah dalam membuat / melakukan (mengoperasikan) sesuatu. Ciri-ciri Procedure Text: 1. Struktur umumnya (generic structure) terdiri dari: Goal/Aim: tujuan dan maksud isi teks. Contoh: How to make sandwich Material/Tool: bahan atau alat-alat yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat/melakukan sesuatu. Contoh: The materials are as follows: 1. Two slides of bread, 2. fried-egg, strawberry jam, chocolate sprinkles, . Steps/Procedures: langkah-langkah atau prosedur dalam melakukan/membuat sesuatu. Contoh: First, take two slides of bread and 2. Grammatical features umumnya tenses simple present 3. Sering memakai kalimat Perintah (imperatives/orders). Contoh: Turn on the lamp, Put the rice into the rice cooker, Dont forget to press the on button. 4. Kata-kata urutan (sequences). Contoh: first, second, then, next, the last, finally Contoh dan Pembahasan Soal Procedure Text: (Soal UN SMP 2009 Bahasa Inggris C2-P16)
Read the text and answer questions 16 to 18

Meat Floss Porridge Ingredients 250 cc hot water 50 gram instant porridge 1 spoon soya sauce 1 spoon chili sauce crackers 10 gram meat floss Suggested Preparation 1. Put instant porridge into a bowl. 2. Pour 250 cc hot water, stir well. Leave it for about 3 minutes until porridge thickened. 3. Add soya sauce and chili sauce (as much as you like). 4. Then, spread crackers and meat floss. The porridge is ready to be served.

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: procedure text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

16. How much instant porridge do you need to make the meat floss porridge? A. 250 cc. B. 50 gram. C. 1 spoon. D. 10 gram. Pembahasan: Lihat ingredients (bahan), terdapat keterangan: 50 gram instant porridge. Jawab: B. 17. What should we do after stirring the porridge? A. Put the instant porridge into a bowl. B. Add soya sauce and chili sauce. C. Add crackers and meat floss. D. Wait for about 3 minutes. Pembahasan: Perhatikan langkah-langkah pada suggested preparation, no. 2. Maka setelah mengaduk (stirring), yaitu leave it for about 3 minutes (tinggalkan/biarkan selama sekitar 3 menit) Jawab: D. 18. until the porridge thickened. What is the meaning of the underlined word? A. To become solid. B. To get weak. C. To raise the volume. D. To become powder. Pembahasan: thickened (menebal), maka kata tersebut berarti to become solid (menjadi padat). Jawab: A

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

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MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 14)

MATERI: READING, DESCRIPTIVE TEXT Descriptive Text, Teks Deskriptif, adalah teks yang mendiskripsikan, menggambarkan, atau menguraikan tentang sesuatu, misalnya benda, orang ataupun tempat tertentu. Uraian teks ini biasanya meliputi karakteristik, jenis, bentuk, fungsi dan hal-hal terperinci tentang sesuatu tersebut.

Ciri-ciri Descriptive Text: 1. Struktur umumnya (generic structure) terdiri dari: Identification: Bagian (kalimat) yang memperkenalkan (introducing) sesuatu. Description: Bagian yang berisi uraian atau gambaran tentang sesuatu tersebut, misalnya tentang jenis dan bentuknya. 2. Grammatical Features umumnya tenses simple present 3. Isi teks fokus pada pembahasan terperinci mengenai sesuatu atau benda yang dimaksud.

Contoh Descriptive Text:


THE WHITE HOUSE

One of the most famous buildings in Washington D.C. is the White House. It is the home of the president of the United States. The White House is a very large white building. It has three main parts, namely the main building and two wings (west and east wings). The main building has large central porches. The porches have tall columns. Large lawns and gardens surround the White House.

Generic Structure teks di atas sebagai berikut: Identification: One of the most famous buildings in Washington D.C. is the White House. Description: It is the home of the president of the United States. The White House is a very large white building, dst.

Contoh dan Pembahasan Soal Descriptive Text: (Soal UN SMP 2009 Bahasa Inggris C2-P16)
1

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: descriptive text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

Read the text and answer questions 30 to 33 Jellyfish are not really fish. They are invertebrate animals. This means that unlike fish or people, they have no backbones. In fact, they have no bones at all. Jellyfish have stomachs and mouths, but no heads. They have nervous systems for sensing the world around them, but no brains. They are made almost entirely of water, which is why you can look through them. Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. The light is made by a chemical reaction inside the jellyfish. Scientists believe jellyfish glow for several reasons. For example, they may glow to scare away predators or to attract animals they like to eat. Most jellyfish live in salt water, apart from a few types that live in fresh water. Jellyfish are found in oceans and seas all over the world. They live in warm, tropical seas and in icy waters near the North and South poles.

30. Which one creates Jellyfishs light? A. White blood. B. Nervous system. C. Chemical reaction. D. Salt water. Pembahasan: Lihat paragraph ke-3: The light is made by a chemical reaction Jawab: C 31. Which one is TRUE about the jellyfish based on the text? A. They belong to invertebrate animals. B. They have heads like other animals. C. Their brain helps them find the food. D. They cannot live in freshwater. Pembahasan: Pernyataan yang benar (true) adalah jellyfish masuk dalam kelompok hewan invertebrate (paragraph 1) Jawab: A 32. What is the text about? A. Jellyfish. B. Kinds of all fish. C. All invertebrate animal. D. Some kinds of sea animals. Pembahasan: Uraian teks tersebut terfokus pada pendiskripsian atau penggambaran tentang jellyfish. Jawab: A 33. Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. (paragraph 3) The word glow in the sentence means A. move B. produce C. appear D. shine Pembahasan: kata glow berarti memancarkan cahaya. Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah shine (bersinar/bercahaya). Jawab: D

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 15)

MATERI: READING, NARRATIVE TEXT


Narrative Text, adalah teks yang isinya merupakan cerita atau kisah tentang sesuatu. Contoh narrative text: cerita rakyat (folktale), cerita binatang (fable), Legenda (legend), cerita pendek (short story), dan sejenisnya. Di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian. Fungsi utama teks ini adalah untuk berkisah atau menghibur pembaca.

Ciri-ciri narrative text:


Generic Structure: 1. Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana) 2. Complication: Berisi puncak konflik/masalah dalam cerita. Sebuah cerita boleh memiliki complication lebih dari satu. 3. Resolution: Pemecahan masalah. Bisa berakhir dengan kegembiraan (happy ending) bisa pula berakhir dengan kesedihan (sad ending). Catatan: Terkadang juga susunannya (generic structure): Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Untuk Evaluation dan Reorientation merupakan optional; bisa ada bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan isi akhir cerita. Grammatical features menggunakan tenses past Sering menggunakan kata penghubung waktu (temporal conjunction), misalnya: once upon a time, one day, long time ago,

Contoh Narrative Text: Ali Baba


Once upon a time there were 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying Open Sesame to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich. Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Babas house. After finding Ali Babas house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the boss pretended that he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the boss of the thief to have lunch together. After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison. Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.### (source: http://baharudin.web.id) Generic Structure teks di atas sebagai berikut:

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

STORY

GENERIC STRUCTURE

Once upon a time there 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying Open Sesame to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went ORIENTATION toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich. Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next COMPLICATION morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Babas house. After finding Ali Babas house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the boss pretended that COMPLICATION he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the boss of the thief to have lunch together. After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally RESOLUTION boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison. Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever REORIENTATION after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.

Contoh dan Pembahasan Soal Narrative Text: (Soal UN SMP 2009 Bahasa Inggris C2-P16 / C4-P12) Read the following text and answer questions 19 to 22 The Wolf and The Goat A wolf saw a goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff. The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner. My dear friend, said the wolf in his sweetest voice, arent you afraid you will fall down from that cliff? Come down here and graze on this fine grass beside me on safe, level ground. No, thank you, said the goat. Well then, said the wolf, arent you cold up there in the wind? You would be warmer grazing down here beside me in this sheltered area. No, thank you, said the goat. But the grass tastes better down here! said the exasperated wolf, Why dine alone? My dear wolf, the goat finally said, are you quite sure that it is my dinner you are worrying about and not your own? 19. What did the wolf ask when he saw the goat grazing at the edge of a high cliff? A. To be his friend. B. To graze on the level ground. C. To climb up higher. D. To be his dinner. Pembahasan: Lihat paragraph 2. Intinya, serigala berkata kepada kambing: turunlah ke sini dan merumput di bawah sini. Jawab: B

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UJIAN NASIONAL SMP _BHS.INGGRIS

Materi: Reading (genre: narrative text) Downloaded from http://pak-anang.blogspot.com

20. Arent you cold up there in the wind? The word there refers to A. a high cliff B. sheltered area C. grass D. ground Pembahasan: kata there maksudnya adalah a high cliff. Jawab: A 21. What can we learn from the story above? A. Dont look down other creatures. B. Dont easily believe in well behaved creatures. C. Dont judge others by their appearance. D. Dont easily beat other creatures. Pembahasan: Dari kisah dalam teks tersebut, kita bisa mengambil pelajaran jangan mudah percaya pada makhluk yang seolah-olah baik perilakunya. Jawab: B 22. From the story we know A. the goat was very hungry B. the wolf was a helpful animal C. the wolf was eager to eat the goat D. the goat was going to fight with the wolf Pembahasan: Lihat kalimat di paragraph 1: The wolf smacked his lips at the thought of a fine goat dinner Jadi serigala sebenarnya ingin memakan kambing. Jawab: C

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