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PKS 2 2010

Instruction: Each question is followed by four choices of answer. Choose the best answer for each question. Setiap soalan diikuti empat pilihan jawapan, Sila pilih jawapan yang paling tepat untuk setiap soalan.
1. Which of the following statements describes accurately the meaning of science? Manakah antara penyataan berikut menerangkan dengan tepat maksud sains? A Developing knowledge about the natural environment through discoveries Membangun pengetahuan tentang alam sekitar melalui penemuan-penemuan B Research on space Penelidikan pada ruang C Explanation about environmental pollution Penjelasan tentang pencemaran alam sekitar D The invention of sophisticated equipment Ciptaan kelengkapan canggih 2.

W X Y Z

: : : :

Membuat Hipotesis Mengumpul Data Mengawal Pembolehubah Mengenal Pasti Satu Masalah

W, X, Y and Z are steps involved in a scientific investigation. Which of the following sequence is correct? W, X, Y dan Z adalah langkah-langkah yang dillibatkan dalam satu penyiasatan saintifik. Yang manakah siri berikut adalah betul? A Z, W, Y, X B W, Z, Y, X C Z, Y, W, X D Y, Z, W, X

3. In a scientific investigation, how is a formed hypothesis tested? Dalam satu penyiasatan saintifik, bagaimana satu hipotesis yang dibina diuji? A By conducting an experiment Dengan menjalankan satu ekperimen B By identifying the problem Dengan mengenal pasti masalah C By making an inference Dengan membuat satu inferen D By making a conclusion Dengan membuat satu kesimpulan

PKS 2 2010

4.

In an experiment to study the relationship between the oscillation of a weight and the length of the thread, which of the following is paired correctly?

Dalam satu ujian untuk mengkaji hubungan antara ayunan satu berat dan panjang benang, yang manakah antara berikut pasangan yang betul?
A B C D Variable that is kept constant Pembolehubah yang dimalarkan (tetap) Length of the thread Panjang benang Mass of the weight Jisim pemberat Time of the oscillation Masa ayunan Shape of the weight Bentuk pemberat Variable that is manipulated Pembolehunah yang dimanipulasikan Time of the oscillation Masa ayunan Length of the thread Panjang benang Shape of the weight Bentuk pemberat Time of the oscillation Masa ayunan

5. The cerebellum in the human brain functions to control Serebelum dalam otak manusia berfungsi untuk mengawal A body balance Keseimbangan badan B voluntary actions Tindakan terkawal C mental activities Aktiviti mental D involuntary actions Tindakan Tidak Terkawal 6. Which of the following is an involuntary action? Yang manakah antara berikut adalah satu tindakan tidak terkawal? A Coughing Batuk B Hearing Mendengar C Smelling Menghidu D Talking Bercakap

PKS 2 2010

7.

The above diagram shows the main endocrine glands in the body. Which of the glands, P, Q, R and S, functions when one eats honey in large quantities? Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan kelenjar-kelenjar endokrin utama dalam badan. Yang manakah diantara kelenjar-kelenjar, P, Q, R dan S, berfungsi apabila seseorang makan madu dalam kuantiti banyak? A P B Q C R D S

8.

Which of the following section labelled in the above diagram is responsible for the jerking away of the hand when in contact with a sharp torn? Yang manakah bahagian berlabel di dalam gambar rajah di atas bertanggungjawab untuk menyent k keluar akan tangan apabila dicucuk dengan satu pin tajam? A P B Q C R D S

PKS 2 2010

9.

Gland Y in the above diagram has the function of Kelenjar Y dalam gambar rajah di atas mempunyai fungsi A stimulating growth merangsang pertumbuhan B preparing the uterus to receive ovum menyediakan uterus untuk menerima ovum C controlling the sugar level in the blood mengawal paras gula dalam darah D increasing the ability of the body to cope with stress menambah keupayaan badan untuk mengatasi tekanan

10.

Based on the above diagram, reduction of hormone from which gland will cause a person to suffer from goitre? Berdasarkan gambar rajah di atas, pengurangan hormon daripada yang kelenjar yang manakah akan menyebabkan seseorang itu menghidap beguk? A K B L C M D N

11. Which part of the brain controls the mind? Bahagian manakah pada otak yang mengawal minda? A Cerebrum B Cerebellum C Medulla oblongata D Spinal nerves

PKS 2 2010

12.

The above diagram shows a sensory neurone. The section labelled X is known as
Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan satu neuron deria. Seksyen berlabel X dikenali sebagai

A
B C D

a dendrone
an axon a synapse a cell body

13. Which of the following is not an involuntary action? Manakah antara berikut adalah BUKAN tindakan tidak terkawal? A Analysis of information Analisis maklumat B Control of body temperature Kawalan suhu badan C Secretion of saliva Rembesan air liur D Peristalsis in the intestine Peristalsis dalam usus 14.

The above diagram shows the relation between a receptor and an effector with the central nervous system. X and Y are Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan hubungan antara reseptor dan efekto dengan sistem saraf pusat. X dan Y adalah

15. The human brain is protected by a hard bone structure known as the Otak manusia dilindungi dengan satu struktur tulang keras yang dikenali sebagai A cerebrum B cerebellum C menages D cranium

PKS 2 2010

16. Which of the following activities is not controlled by the medulla oblongata? Yang manakah diantara aktiviti-aktiviti berikut BUKAN di kawal oleh medula oblongata? A Peristalsis Peristalsis B Thinking Pemikiran C Heartbeat Denyutan Jantung D Blood circulation Peredaran darah 17.

The above diagram shows a cross-section of the spinal cord. Which of the following is correctly labelled?

Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan satu keratan rentas saraf tunjang. Yang manakah antara berikut dilabel dengan betul?
I II III A B C D Sensory neurone Motor neurone Relay neurone III only I and II only II and III only I, II and III

18. The effects of alcohol on humans include Kesan dari alkohol pada manusia termasuk I cirrhosis of the liver sirosis hati II interference with voluntary action gangguan ke atas tindakan terkawal III stomach ulcers Ulser perut A II only B III only C I and III only D I, II and III

PKS 2 2010

19. Where can proprioceptors be found? Di manakah prioreceptors boleh dijumpai? I Joint II Ligament III Brain A I only B II only C I and II only D II and III only 20.

The above diagram shows an exchange of genetic material in the chromosome. This process occurs in the Rajah di atas menunjukkan pertukaran bahan genetic yang berlaku di dalam kromosom. Proses ini berlaku di A liver B kidney C skin D ovary

21.

The above diagram shows the stages in the formation of a baby. Which of the following represents the X and Y process? Rajah di atas menunjukkan peringkat pertumbuhan bayi. Yang manakah berikut melambangkan proses X dan Y? A B C D X Mitosis Meiosis Fertilisation Crossing over Y Meiosis Mitosis Mitosis Fertilisation

22. Which of the following heredity diseases is caused by gene mutation? Yang manakah antara berikut disebabkan oleh mutasi gen? A Turners syndrome B Klinefelters syndrome C Down's syndrome D Haemophilia

PKS 2 2010

23. The chromosome content of a Down's syndrome female patient is Kandungan kromoson pesakit wanita sindrom Down adalah A 44 + XX B 44 + XY C 45 + XX D 45 + XY 24. A son inherits the Y chromosome from Seorang anak lelaki mendapat kromosom Y daripada A his father B his grandfather C his mother D his parents 25.

The above diagram shows the normal distribution graph for human characteristics. The most probable characteristic shown in the graph is Rajah di atas menunjukkan graf taburan norma untuk cirri-ciri manusia. Ciri-ciri yang mungkin ditunjukkan oleh rajah di atas adalah A body weight B colour of iris C type of fingerprint D blood group

26.

PKS 2 2010

The above diagram shows the stages involved in the process of Rajah di atas menunjukkan peringkat dalam proses A mitosis B meiosis C fertilisation D mutation

27.

The above diagram shows a histogram of the characteristics of students in a class. Which of the following could be these characteristics? Rajah di atas menunjukkan histogram cirri-ciri pelajar di dalam suatu kelas. Manakah di antara berikut mewakili cirri-ciri di atas. I Height II Intelligence III Colour of the skin A I only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II and III

28. Which of the following shows the chromosome content in a human ovum? Yang manakah antara berikut menunjukkan kandungan kromosom dalam ovum manusia? I 22 + X II 22 + Y III 22 + XY A I only B III only C I and II only D II and III only 29. The elements in a periodic table are arranged according to the Elemen di dalam jadual berkala disusun mengikut A nucleon number B number of neutrons C proton number D number of isotopes

PKS 2 2010

30.

The above diagram shows the physical changes in the state of a matter. Which of the following processes involves the release of heat energy? Rajah di atas menunjukkan perubahan kimia yang berlaku di dalam suatu bahan. Yang manakah di antara proses berikut melibatkan pelepasan haba? A K, M, P B L, N, O C L, M, P D L, M, O

31.

The above table shows the particles in an atom and their charges. Which of the following is X, Y and Z? Jadual di atas menunjukkan partikel di dalam suatu atom dan casnya. Yang manakah antara berikut adalah X, Y dan Z? X Y Z A Neutron Electron Proton B Electron Proton Neutron C Proton Electron Neutron D Proton Neutron Neutron

32. An atom has 9 electrons and a nucleon number of 19. How many neutrons are there in this atom? Suatu atom mempunyai 9 elektron dan 19 nukleon. Berapakah neutron yang terdapat di dalam atom ini? A 9 B 10 C 19 D 28 33. The substances that are classified as molecular substances are Bahan yang diklasifikasikan sebagai bahan molecular adalah A ammonia and oxygen B carbon and sulphur C iron and carbon D sodium chloride and ammonia

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PKS 2 2010

34.

The above diagram shows some elements in the periodic table. Which of the following elements is a halogen? Rajah di atas menunjukkan elemen di dalam jadual berkala. Di manakah antar aberikut adalah halogen? A R B S C U D V

35.

The graph in the above diagram shows the cooling of liquid naphthalene in relation to time. What happens during the period of time from X to Y? Graf di atas menunjukkan penyejukan sesuatu cecair naftalena mengikut masa. Apakah yang berlaku dalam tempoh masa X dan Y? A Heat is absorbed from the surroundings. B The temperature increases dramatically. C The movement of particles slows down. D The particles separate further.

36. Which of the following consists of only atoms? Yang manakah antara berikut terdiri daripada hanya atom? A Magnesium, iron, chlorine B Potassium, calcium, zinc C Sulphur, lead, sternum D Beryllium, fluorine, neon

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PKS 2 2010

37. Which of the following statements is true about the periodic table? Yang manakah antara berikut adalah betul mengenai jadual berkala? A Elements are arranged in order of decreasing proton number. B Group I consists of inert elements. C There are 7 groups and 8 periods. D The metallic characteristic reduces from left to right in the periodic table. 38.

The above table shows the properties of three materials X, Y and Z. What types of particles are in X, Y and Z? Jadual di atas menunjukkan cirri-ciri bahan X, Y dan Z. Apakah partikel di dalam X, Y dan Z? A B C D X Ion Molecule Atom Atom Y Molecule Ion Molecule Ion Z Atom Atom Ion Molecule

39. Materials classified as molecular substances are Bahan yang diklasifikasikan sebagai bahan molecular adalah A sodium chloride and lead bromide B sugar and naphthalene C oxygen and iron D aluminium and zinc 40. Atom X has a proton number of 12 and a nucleon number of 25. This means a neutral atom X Has Atom X mempunyai nombor proton 12 dan nombor nucleon 25. Ini bermakna atom neutral X mempunyai A 12 electrons B 13 electrons C 12 neutrons D 13 protons 41. Oxygen has a proton number of 8 and a nucleon number of 16. A material is said to be an isotope of oxygen if it has Oksigen mempunyai nombor proton 8 dan nombor nucleon 16. Suatu bahan dikatakan isotop oksigen jika ia mempunyai

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PKS 2 2010

A B C D

Nucleon number 17 16 17 16

Proton number 8 9 9 7

42. A neutral atom has a proton number of 17. Thus, it can be concluded that the atom has Suatu atom neutral mempunyai nombor proton 17.Ini bermakna atom tersebut mempunyai I 17 neutrons II 17 electrons III a nucleon number of 34 A II only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II and III 43.

The above diagram shows the structure of an oxygen particle. Which of the following is true about the particle? Rajah di atas menunjukkan struktur partikel oksigen. Yang manakah antara berikut adalah benar mengenai partikel di atas? I It has a proton number of 8. II It has a nucleon number of 16. III The particle is a neutral oxygen atom. A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III

44. A atom consists of Atom di atas mengandungi I 20 protons II 20 neutrons III 20 electrons A I only B I and II only C II and III only D I, II and III

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PKS 2 2010

45. Which of the following is the same in a pair of isotope elements? Yang manakah antara berikut mempunyai pasangan isotop yang sama? I Number of protons II Number of neutrons III Number of electrons A I only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III 46.

The above diagram shows a change in the state of a matter. Which of the following happens in the change above? Rajah di atas menunjukkan perubahan sesuatu unsure. Yang manakah antara berikut berlaku di dalam perubahan di atas? I The particles absorb energy. II The force of attraction is weakened. III The particles are released into the air. A III only B I and II only C I and III only D II and III only

47. Which of the following are true about solids? Yang manakah antara berikut benar mengenai pepejal? I The particles move freely. II The force of attraction is very strong. III The kinetic energy of the particles depends on the surrounding temperature. A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I, II and III 48. A scientific investigation usually involves the following senses except Suatu penyelidikan saintifik melibatkan yang berikut kecuali A the senses of taste B the senses of touch C the senses of sight D the senses of hearing

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PKS 2 2010

49. Which of the following variables has its value obtained through observation in an experiment? Yang manakah antara pembolehubah berikut mempunyai nilai yang boleh didapati melalui eksperimen? A Variable that responds B Variable that is kept constant C Variable that is manipulated D Independent variable 50.

The above diagram shows different objects that are submerged and floating in different liquids. The sequence in which the objects and liquids are arranged based on a decrease in density is Rajah di atas menunjukkan objek berbeza yang direndam dan terapung di dalam cecair yang berbeza. Susunan bahan dan cecair berdasarkan penurunan ketumpatan adalah A K, L, M, O, P, Q B Q, M, P, L, O, K C K, O, L, P, M, Q D O, P, Q, K, L, M

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