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Scheme Description KVTR 100 Auto Reclose Relay

Scheme Description KVTR 100 Auto Reclose Relay

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT


A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits of ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd products are immune to the relevant levels of electrostatic discharge when housed in their cases. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. Before removing a module, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. 2. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. 3. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. 4. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. 5. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag. More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F. If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available, you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

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CONTENTS

SAFETY SECTION
1. 1.1 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 APPLICATION AND BASIC OPERATING SEQUENCE Operating sequence MAIN OPERATING FEATURES Instantaneous trips selector Maintenance alarm Maintenance lockout Auto reclose initiation inhibit for a pre-selected time TMR Mancl AR Inh, following manual CB closing, or following energisation of a previously dead line. Cold load pick-up logic Excessive fault frequency lockout Line voltage interlock Reset from lockout Omit first shot of programmed cycle if selected protection operates Successful auto-reclose indication CB failed to close alarm Input mode selection In and out of service switching Auto reclose without protection operation Auto reclose initiation with CB initially open Dead time start without protection reset First reclosure without system check Maintained close pulse Fault not cleared alarm SCHEME INPUTS

6
10 10 10 10 11 11

2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 3.

11 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14

4.
5. 6. 7.

USER INPUTS
SCHEME OUTPUTS CONTROL OUTPUTS PLANT STATUS OUTPUTS

15
15 16 16

8.
8.1 8.2

SOFTWARE LOGIC FUNCTIONS


Menu Cell 0A01 Scheme Fn Links 1 Menu Cell OAO2 Scheme Fn Links 2:

17
17 18

9.
10. 10.1 10.2 10.3

TIMER SETTING RANGES


COUNTERS Counter registers (coils/resets) Counter settings (targets) Counter values (messages)

19
20 20 20 20

11.
12.

SCHEME ALARMS
EVENT RECORDS REPAIR FORM

21
21 23

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SAFETY SECTION
This Safety Section should be read before commencing any work on the equipment.

Health and safety The information in the Safety Section of the product documentation is intended to ensure that products are properly installed and handled in order to maintain them in a safe condition. It is assumed that everyone who will be associated with the equipment will be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section. Explanation of symbols and labels The meaning of symbols and labels which may be used on the equipment or in the product documentation, is given below.

Caution: refer to product documentation

Caution: risk of electric shock

Protective/safety *earth terminal

Functional *earth terminal. Note: this symbol may also be used for a protective/ safety earth terminal if that terminal is part of a terminal block or sub-assembly eg. power supply.

*Note: The term earth used throughout the product documentation is the direct equivalent of the North American term ground.

Installing, Commissioning and Servicing


Equipment connections Personnel undertaking installation, commissioning or servicing work on this equipment should be aware of the correct working procedures to ensure safety. The product documentation should be consulted before installing, commissioning or servicing the equipment. Terminals exposed during installation, commissioning and maintenance may present a hazardous voltage unless the equipment is electrically isolated. If there is unlocked access to the rear of the equipment, care should be taken by all personnel to avoid electric shock or energy hazards. Voltage and current connections should be made using insulated crimp terminations to ensure that terminal block insulation requirements are maintained for safety. To ensure that wires are correctly terminated, the correct crimp terminal and tool for the wire size should be used.
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Before energising the equipment it must be earthed using the protective earth terminal, or the appropriate termination of the supply plug in the case of plug connected equipment. Omitting or disconnecting the equipment earth may cause a safety hazard. The recommended minimum earth wire size is 2.5 mm2, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Before energising the equipment, the following should be checked: Voltage rating and polarity; CT circuit rating and integrity of connections; Protective fuse rating; Integrity of earth connection (where applicable) Equipment operating conditions The equipment should be operated within the specified electrical and environmental limits. Current transformer circuits Do not open the secondary circuit of a live CT since the high voltage produced may be lethal to personnel and could damage insulation. External resistors Where external resistors are fitted to relays, these may present a risk of electric shock or burns, if touched. Battery replacement Where internal batteries are fitted they should be replaced with the recommended type and be installed with the correct polarity, to avoid possible damage to the equipment. Insulation and dielectric strength testing Insulation testing may leave capacitors charged up to a hazardous voltage. At the end of each part of the test, the voltage should be gradually reduced to zero, to discharge capacitors, before the test leads are disconnected. Insertion of modules and pcb cards These must not be inserted into or withdrawn from equipment whilst it is energised, since this may result in damage. Fibre optic communication Where fibre optic communication devices are fitted, these should not be viewed directly. Optical power meters should be used to determine the operation or signal level of the device.

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Older Products
Electrical adjustments Equipments which require direct physical adjustments to their operating mechanism to change current or voltage settings, should have the electrical power removed before making the change, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Mechanical adjustments The electrical power to the relay contacts should be removed before checking any mechanical settings, to avoid any risk of electric shock. Draw out case relays Removal of the cover on equipment incorporating electromechanical operating elements, may expose hazardous live parts such as relay contacts. Insertion and withdrawal of extender cards When using an extender card, this should not be inserted or withdrawn from the equipment whilst it is energised. This is to avoid possible shock or damage hazards. Hazardous live voltages may be accessible on the extender card. Insertion and withdrawal of heavy current test plugs When using a heavy current test plug, CT shorting links must be in place before insertion or removal, to avoid potentially lethal voltages.

Decommissioning and Disposal


Decommissioning: The auxiliary supply circuit in the relay may include capacitors across the supply or to earth. To avoid electric shock or energy hazards, after completely isolating the supplies to the relay (both poles of any dc supply), the capacitors should be safely discharged via the external terminals prior to decommissioning. Disposal: It is recommended that incineration and disposal to water courses is avoided. The product should be disposed of in a safe manner. Any products containing batteries should have them removed before disposal, taking precautions to avoid short circuits. Particular regulations within the country of operation,may apply to the disposal of lithium batteries.

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Technical Specifications
Protective fuse rating The recommended maximum rating of the external protective fuse for this equipment is 16A, Red Spot type or equivalent, unless otherwise stated in the technical data section of the product documentation. Insulation class: IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Class I EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Class I Installation Category (Overvoltage): IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Category III EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Category III This equipment requires a protective (safety) earth connection to ensure user safety. Distribution level, fixed installation. Equipment in this category is qualification tested at 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 500, 0.5J, between all supply circuits and earth and also between independent circuits. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards. Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive. Compliance is demonstrated 1997 by reference to generic safety standards.

Environment:

IEC 61010-1: 1990/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 Pollution degree 2 73/23/EEC

Product safety:

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 EN 60950: 1992/A11:

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This scheme description should be read in conjunction with Service Manual R8505, which gives a general description of relay hardware and instructions for installation, commissioning, maintenance and setting procedures for all K-series auto reclose and check synchronism relays. The following description refers to ladder logic inputs and outputs, which can be masked to opto inputs and output relays as required for a specific application. Please refer to Service Manual R8505 for full details of relay inputs and outputs.

Section 1.

APPLICATION AND BASIC OPERATING SEQUENCE

The KVTR 100 auto reclose relay provides multi-shot three phase auto reclose control for distribution and transmission systems. It can be adjusted to perform a single shot, two shot, three shot or four shot cycle. Dead times for all shots (reclose attempts) are independently adjustable. 1.1 Operating sequence An auto reclose cycle is initiated by operation of a protective relay, provided the circuit breaker is closed until the instant of protection operation. Dead time (TMR Dead time 1, 2, 3 or 4) starts when the circuit breaker has tripped and the protection has reset. At the end of the dead time, a CG close signal is given (output RLY CB Close Sig), provided input signals are present indicating that system conditions are suitable (INP Safe to Close), and the circuit breaker closing spring, or other energy source, is fully charged (INP Spring Charg). The safe to close signal is taken from a contact on a separate voltage monitor or synchronism check relay, and the spring charged signal is taken from an auxiliary switch contact on the circuit breaker. The CB close signal is cut off when the circuit breaker closes. When the circuit breaker closes, the reclaim time starts (TMR Reclaim Time). If the circuit breaker does not trip again, the relay resets at the end of the reclaim time. If the protection operates again and the circuit breaker trips once more before the reclaim time has elapsed, the relay either advances to the next shot in the programmed auto reclose cycle, or, if all programmed reclose attempts have been made, goes to lockout.

Section 2. MAIN OPERATING FEATURES


2.1 Instantaneous trips selector A Block Instantaneous Trips output can be arranged to block the trip function of non-discriminating protection, such as low set instantaneous overcurrent or earth fault protection, or distance protection operating with Zone 1 extension. This can be set to operate after one, two, three or four trips (CNS Inst Trips), and will then remain operated until the end of the auto reclose cycle, to ensure that the final trip to lockout for a persistent fault is made by discriminating protection, such as IDMT, or plain distance with conventional zone 1 reach. If this feature is not required, it can be effectively disabled by setting the target to five trips, so that it never operates. The normal arrangement for this feature is for the output relay to be normally reset, and to operate (contact closes) to block non-discriminating protection (relay masked to output RLY Block InstPr).
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This is suitable for most modern protective relays such as Optimho and KCGG. For applications which require a normally closed contact which opens to inhibit tripping, the output relay can be arranged to be normally operated (contact closed), and to reset (contact opens) to block the protection trip output (relay masked to output RLY Enable Inst). A second, independently adjustable, instantaneous trips selector is available (relay masked to output RLY Blk SEF Inst or RLY SEF Inst OK), for applications where sensitive earth fault protection is required to initiate auto reclosing, with short time SEF protection tripping being blocked after one, two, three or four trips (CNS SEF InsTrips). Separate logic inputs are available for long time SEF and short time (nominally instantaneous) SEF protection. The operating logic allows for operation of the reclaim timer to be suspended by an input from low set instantaneous protection after CB reclosure, if the Block Instantaneous Trips or Block Short Time SEF Trips output is operated. This ensures that the reclaim time cannot time out and reset the relay before the time delayed protection trip has operated, and so allows reclaim time settings shorter than the time delayed protection operating time. Short reclaim time settings can help to prevent unnecessary lockout for a succession of transient faults in a short period, for example during a thunderstorm. If a long reclaim time setting is chosen (ie. Longer than the maximum possible operating time of time delayed protection), this feature may be disabled by setting scheme function link 1/E to 1, to avoid unwanted extension of the effective reclaim time due to a fault cleared by time delayed protection on a downstream circuit breaker 2.2 Maintenance alarm The relay maintenance alarm output RLY Maint Alarm operates after a preselected number of fault trips (CNS Maint Alarm). This feature is purely for indication, and does not initiate a lockout. The fault trips counter (maintenance counter) is incremented when the CB trips as a result of any protection operation. An INP Non AR Protn input is provided so that the counter can be incremented without initiating auto reclose, for example by sensitive earth fault protection, busbar protection, or breaker fail protection from another CB on the busbar. The maintenance counter register can be reset to zero either through ladder ligic input INP Reset M Cntr, if mask selected to an opto input, or via the Reset Counters menu item in the user interface. 2.3 Maintenance lockout This is enabled by software function link selection. When enabled, this feature locks out auto reclosing, operates output RLY Maintlockout for indication purposes, and triggers a scheme alarm, after a pre-selected number of fault trips (CNS MaintLockout). The maintenance lockout target is adjustable independently of the maintenance alarm target. 2.4 Auto reclose initiation inhibit for a pre-selected time TMR Mancl AR Inh, following manual CB closing, or following energisation of a previously dead line. These features can be independently enabled or disabled by software function links. Line status information is derived from a contact on a separate line voltage monitor relay (input INP LineVolt Mon).

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2.5

Cold load pick-up logic This is enabled by software function link selection. When enabled, this feature operates output RLY C.Ld Pickup, to block selected protection for a period TMR C.Ld Pickup following manual CB closing, an inhibits auto reclose initiation from selected protection during the same period.

2.6

Excessive fault frequency lockout This is enabled by software function link selection. When enabled this feature locks out auto reclosing and operates output RLY Exc Flt Frq for indication purposes, if a pre-selected number of fault trips (CNS Exc Flt Freq) occurs during a short period (TMR Exc Flt Frq), such as may happen during a severe lightening storm.

2.7

Line voltage interlock This is enabled by software function link selection. When enabled, this feature inserts additional checks in the auto reclose initiation and dead time start logic, such that an auto reclose cycle can be initiated only if the line was live until immediately before the protective relay operation, and the dead time cannot start until the line has gone dead. Line status information is derived from input INP LineVolt Mon, (see Section 2.4). This logic includes an adjustable memory timer TMR Linev Memory, in case the line voltage drops due to the fault, before the protective relay operated to initiate auto reclosing.

2.8

Reset from lockout Once the condition which caused the lockout is no longer active, the relay can be reset by any of the following methods: a) b) c) d) automatically after time TMR Mancl AR Inh after CB manual close, if software function link 9 is set to 1 automatically after time TMR Autoreset, irrespective of CB operation, if software function link 8 is set to 1. user input USR Resetlockout. logic input INP Resetlockout, if mask selected to an opto input.

2.9

Omit first shot of programmed cycle if selected protection operates This feature is enabled by setting input masks such that logic input INP Omit 1st Sht is activated by the same opto input as the selected protection. This allows the relay to give a high speed auto reclose following, say, instantaneous protection operation, or a delayed auto reclose following time delayed protection operation.

2.10

Successful auto-reclose indication (Relay mask RLY A/R Success, and control output CTL A/R Success). This operates if the circuit breaker is closed when the reclaim timer times out to reset the relay. Relay mask RLY A/R success, and its assigned output relay, if any, resets after 2 seconds (fixed pulse time). Control output CTL A/R success resets at the next circuit breaker trip, or can be reset via logic input INP Reset Indicn (if mask selected), or user input USR Reset Indicn, without waiting for the circuit breaker to trip.

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2.11

CB failed to close alarm (Relay mask RLY CB Failclose, control output CTL CB Failclose, and alarm indication). This alarm operates and scheme lockout is triggered, if the circuit breaker does not close within a period equal to TMR Close Pulse setting when the signal RLY CB Close Sig is given. Relay mask RLY CB Failclose, its assigned output relay and control output CTL CB Failclose, reset after 2 seconds (fixed pulse time). The scheme is reset from lockout. The relay local alarm (flashing red LED and LCD message) is reset by pressing the (0) key when prompted.

2.12

Input mode selection Contacts on external equipment providing some of the input signals to the KVTR 100 can be either normally open or normally closed; the logic being adjusted as required by software logic function link settings. The selectable inputs are listed below:

INP INP INP INP


2.13

CB AuxSwitch, selected by Scheme FN Link 1/0 = 1 or 0. Spring Charg, selected by Scheme Fn Link 1/1 = 1 or 0. Safe to Close, selected by Scheme Fn Link 1/2 = 1 or 0. Block AR, selected by Scheme Fn Link 1/3 = 1 or 0.

In and out of service switching The scheme can be switched in or out of service, either by external inputs INP RemSw Inserv and INP RemSw Outsrv, if mask selected, or by user inputs USR Sw outofServ.

2.14

Auto reclose without protection operation If Scheme Fn Link 1/4 is set to 1, an auto reclose cycle can be initiated by any CB trip, without reference to protection, which may be useful during testing or commissioning.

2.15

Auto reclose initiation with CB initially open If Scheme Fn link 1/5 is set to 1, an auto reclose cycle can be initiated by protection operation even if the CB is initially open, which may be useful during testing or commissioning.

2.16

Dead time start without protection reset If scheme Fn Link 1/f is set to 1, the dead time starts as soon as the CB trips, without waiting for the protection to reset. This option may be preferred if the protection does not have a fast consistent reset time.

2.17

First reclosure without system check If Scheme Fn Link 2/0 is set to 1, the first reclose attempt, after Dead Time 1, is made without checking for a safe to close signal. This may be preferred when high speed reclosing is applied (TMR Dead Time 1 < 1.00s), to avoid the extra delay which may be inherent in an external synchronism check relay. Subsequent reclose attempts in a multi-shot auto reclose cycle will still require a safe to close signal.

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2.18

Maintained close pulse If Scheme Fn Link 1/D is set to 1, the CB close signal is not cut off when the CB closes, but is maintained for the set TMR Close Pulse time, which may be necessary for some types of CB closing mechanism. The scheme includes antipumping logic which will be cut off the CB close signal if the protection reoperates or the CB re-trips before the set close pulse time has elapsed. (i) (ii) only when the scheme is switched out of service, or with the scheme either in or out of service.

2.19

Fault not cleared alarm This alarm operates and scheme lockout is triggered, if the CB does not trip, or the protection input does not reset, within a period equal to TMR Tripfail Time setting following auto reclose initiation.

Section 3.

SCHEME INPUTS

The KVTR relay has eight opto-isolator input circuits, but the ladder logic has sixteen inputs. The actual inputs required for any specific application are selected by setting a mask to assign one or more of the opto inputs to each required ladder input. Although most selections are one-to-one, parallel mask settings are possible. A single opto input can activate more than one ladder input, and a single ladder input may be activated by more than one opto input. The available logic inputs, and the default mask settings applied in the factory, are given below: Display name Default mask setting. 00000001 00000010 00000100 00001000 00010000 00100000 01000000 10000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 Associated opto-input. Opto 0 Opto 1 Opto 2 Opto 3 Opto 4 Opto 5 Opto 6 Opto 7 None None None None None None None None

INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP INP

CB AuxSwitch

Inst Protn
Main Protn Spring Charg Safe to Close Non AR Protn Block AR ResetLockout Reset Indicn Reset M Cntr Omit 1st Sht RemSw Inserv RemSw Outsrv LineVolt Mon

Inst. SEF
Sensitive EF

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Section 4. USER INPUTS


Up to sixteen user inputs are available through the user interface (relay keypad or remote control via K-bus). Please refer to Service Manual R8505 Sections 5.1.2 and 6.1.2 for details. The standard KVTR100 scheme includes four user inputs as follows: Display name. USR Switch inSrv USR Sw outofServ USR ResetLockout USR Reset Indicn Reset Effect in scheme logic Switch scheme in to service Switch scheme out of service Reset scheme lockout Successful AR or CB Failed to Close" alarm

Section 5. SCHEME OUTPUTS


The KVTR relay has eight output relays each with one normally open contact, plus a watchdog output with one normally open and one normally closed contact. The application software has sixteen logic outputs. The actual outputs required for any specific application are selected by setting a mask to assign one or more of the output relays to each required logic output. Although most selections are oneto-one, parallel mask settings are possible. A single output relay may be activated by more than one logic output, and a single logic output can activate more than one output relay. The available logic outputs, and the default mask settings applied in the factory, are given below: Display Name RLY A/R in Prog RLY CB Close Sig RLY AR Available RLY Block InstPr RLY Maint Alarm RLY MaintLockout RLY Exc Flt Frq RLY CB Failclose RLY C.Ld Pickup RLY A/R Lockout RLY ManCl AR Inh RLY OutOfService RLY Enable Inst RLY Blk SEF Inst Default mask setting 00000001 00000010 00000000 00001000 00010000 00100000 01000000 10000000 00000000 00000100 00000000 00000100 00000000 00000000 Associated output relay RL 0 RL 1 None RL 3 RL 4 RL 5 RL 6 RL 7 None RL 2 None RL 2 None None

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RLY SEF Inst OK RLY A/R Success

00000000 00000000

None None

Section 6.

CONTROL OUTPUTS

Up to sixteen control outputs are available for relay status indications through the user interface. Refer to Service Manual R8505 (System data, cell 000D SYS control status). The standard KVTR100 scheme provides fourteen control outputs, as follows: Display name CTL DT In Prog CTL Rcl In Prog CTL A/R Lockout CTL Maint Alarm CTL MaintLockout CTL Block InstPr CTL Exc Flt Frq CTL OutofService CTL CB Failclose CTL CldLd Pickup CTL ArinProgress CTL ManCl AR Inh CTL Blk SEF Inst CTL A/R Success Scheme logic status Dead Time in progress Reclaim time in progress Scheme lockout Maintenance Alarm (pre-lockout warning) Maintenance lockout Block non-discriminating protection (eg. low set inst OC or EF) Excessive fault frequency AR switched out of service CB failed to close Cold load pickup timer running AR cycle in progress initiation to reset or lockout AR initiation after manual CB close Block instantaneous SEF tripping Successful auto reclose

Section 7. PLANT STATUS OUTPUTS


Please refer to Service Manual R8505 (System data, cell 000C SYS plant status). The standard KVTR100 scheme includes only one plant status output, CB1.

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Section 8. SOFTWARE LOGIC FUNCTIONS


Up to 32 logic function can be included in K-series auto reclose relays. Please refer to Service Manual R8505 (cells 0A01 Scheme Fn Links 1, & 0A02 Scheme Fn Links 2), for general information. Logic functions in KVTR100 application software are: 8.1 Menu Cell 0A01 Scheme Fn Links 1 Bit No. Display 0 CBAUX = 52A Effect in scheme logic 0 = INP CB AuxSwitch OFF = CB closed (52b contact) 1 = INP CB AuxSwitch ON = CB closed (52a contact) 0 = INP Spring Charg OFF = spring charged 1 = INP Spring Charg ON = spring charged 0 = Safe toclose OFF = system OK to close 1 = INP Safe toClose ON = system OK to close 0 = INP Block AR OFF = drive to lockout 1 = INP Block AR ON = drive to lockout 0 = protn op required to start A/R 1 = A/R start by CB trip (no ref to protn), for testing 0 = A/R init only if CB is initially closed 1 = A/R init by prot op with CB open or closed (for testing) 0 = cold load pickup logic disabled 1 = cold load pickup logic enabled 0 = A/R init enable immediately after CB manual close 1 = A/R init inhibit for TMR Mancl AR Inh after manual close 0 = disable unconditional timed auto-reset from lockout 1 = enable unconditional timed auto-reset from lockout 0 = disable manual close timed auto-reset from lockout 1 = enable manual close timed auto-reset from lockout

IN3 ON = SPRCHG

IN4 ON = SYN OK

3 4

IN6 ON = LCKOUT INI CB TR

INI CB OPN

6 7

CLD P/U MC AR INH

TIM RES LCK

AUTO RES LCK

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Bit No. Display A B C EX FLT FRQ M LCK M LCK IMM

Effect in scheme logic 0 = disable excessive fault frequency logic 1 = enable excessive fault frequency logic 0 = disable maintenance lockout logic 1 = enable maintenance lockout logic 0 = maint lockout at end of A/R cycle after target is reached 1 = maint lockout immediate when target is reached 0 = CB close output cut off when CB closes 1 = CB close output held for set TMR Close Pulse" time 0 = reclaim time suspended if inst protection operates 1 = reclaim time continues if inst protection operates 0 = dead time start when CB tripped and protection reset 1 = dead time start when CB trips, regardless of protection

FULL CL PLS

RC TIM RUN ON

STDT CB TR0

8.2

Menu Cell OAO2 Scheme Fn Links 2: Bit no. Display 0 HSAR NO SC Effect in scheme logic 0 = all reclosures require system OK to close signal 1 = 1st shot only (after D Time 1) without system check (subsequent shots require system OK to close) 0 = settings can be changed with scheme in or out of service 1 = settings can be changed only with scheme out of service 0 = INP LineVolt Mon OFF = line live 1 = INP LineVolt Mon ON = line live 0 = A/R initiation by prot op only if line was initially live or dead 1 = A/R initiation by prot op only if line was initially live 0 = dead time starts without reference to line volts 1 = dead time starts only when line is dead 0 = A/R initiation enabled immediately after line energisation 1 = A/R init inhibit for TMR Mancl AR Inh after line energisation

NO SET IN SERV

2 3

IN13 = LINELIVE
LL TO INIT

4 5

DL TO TIME DLC AR INH

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Section 9.

TIMER SETTING RANGES

Please refer to Service Manual R8505 for general details. The timers used in the KVTR100 scheme are: Display name TMR Dead Time 1 TMR Dead Time 2 TMR Dead Time 3 TMR Dead Time 4 TMR Close Pulse TMR Reclaim Time TMR SynCh Window Description 1st shot dead time 2nd shot dead time 3rd shot dead time 4th shot dead time Maximum duration of CB close signal Reclaim time Maximum waiting time for safe to close signal at end of dead time. Lockout if not received. Maximum waiting time spring charged signal at end of dead time. Lockout if not received Auto reclose initiation inhibit period following CB manual close Maximum waiting time for CB trip + protection reset following A/R initiation by protection operation Fault trip counting period for excess flt freq logic Setting for time delayed auto-reset from lockout Cold load pickup time Line volt memory timer Setting limits Min Max 0.01s 1.00s 1.00s 1.00s 0.01s 1.00s 0.01s 300s 300s 9999s 9999s 10s 9999s 600s

TMR SprCh Window

0.01s

600s

TMR Mancl AR Inh

0.01s

300s

TMR TripfailTime

0.01s

300s

TMR Exc Flt Frq TMR Autoreset TMR C Ld Pickup TMR Linev mory

1.00s 1.00s 1.00s 0.01s

9999s 9999s 9999s 100s

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Section 10.

COUNTERS

Please refer to Service Manual R8505 10.1 Counter registers (coils/resets) KVTR100 logic includes four counters, as detailed below. Display name Volatile: RST Sequence Cnt RST ExFltFrq Cnt Non-volatile: RST Total Reclos 10.2 Counter settings (targets) KVTR100 includes counter settings as detailed below. Display name CNS Shots CNS Inst Trips CNS MaintAlarm Description Maximum auto reclose attempts before lockout Permitted number of instantaneous trips Number of fault trips to maintenance lockout Setting limits Min Max 1s 0s 1s 1s 1s 0s 0s 4s 5s 9999s 9999s 9999s 4s 5s RST Maint Countr Description A/R initiations counter, for sequence control Fault trips counter for Excessive Fault Frequency logic Fault trips counter for maintenance alarm and lockout Total reclose attempts counter

CNS MaintLockout Number of fault trips to maintenance lockout CNS Exc Flt Freq CNS SEF Shots CNS SEF InsTrips Fault trips target for Excessive Fault Freq logic Max A/R attempts for Sensitive EF initiation Permitted number of instantaneous SEF tips

10.3

Counter values (messages) Counter messages in the KVTR100 are given below. Display name CNV Total Reclos CNV ShotstoM.Lck Description Total reclose attempts (RST Total Reclos 0) Fault trips remaining before maintenance lockout. (CNS MaintLockout RST Maint Countr)

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Section 11. SCHEME ALARMS


Scheme alarms provided by the KVTR100 are described below. Status 1 alarms red LED continuous: Auto reclose in progress, from initiation to reset or lockout. Status 2 alarms amber LED continuous: Scheme lockout. Inititation inhibit (operates during time TMR Mancl AR Inh, after manual CB close). Scheme switched out of service. Compound alarms red LED flashing: Fault not cleared (CB failed to trip, or protection failed to reset, after A/R initiation by protection operation). Maintenance lockout. Excessive fault frequency lockout. CB failed to close.

Section 12. EVENT RECORDS


Please refer to Service Manual R8505, sections 2.6.1, 5.1.4 and 6.9, for an overview. Event records in the KVTR100 are described below. Records available over communications link: Message SEQUENCE START TOTAL RECLOSURES SEQUENCE END TOTAL RECLOSURES EVR SeqTm: Shots t : n Associated data Time tag and counter RST Total Reclose value at start of last auto reclose cycle Time tag and counter RST Total Reclose value at end of last auto reclose cycle Total cycle time and number of reclose attemptes in last auto reclose cycle

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REPAIR FORM
Please complete this form and return it to ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Limited with the equipment to be repaired. This form may also be used in the case of application queries.

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Limited St. Leonards Works Stafford ST17 4LX, England For: After Sales Service Department _____________________ Model No: __________________ Serial No: __________________

Customer Ref:

GECA Contract Ref: _____________________ Date: 1. _____________________

What parameters were in use at the time the fault occurred? AC volts DC volts AC current Frequency _____________ Main VT/Test set _____________ Battery/Power supply _____________ Main CT/Test set _____________

2. 3. 4.

Which type of test was being used? ____________________________________________ Were all the external components fitted where required? (Delete as appropriate.) List the relay settings being used ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Yes/No

5.

What did you expect to happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________


continued overleaf

6.

What did happen? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

7.

When did the fault occur? Instant Time delayed By how long? Yes/No Yes/No ___________ Intermittent Yes/No

(Delete as appropriate).

8.

What indications if any did the relay show? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

9.

Was there any visual damage? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

10. Any other remarks which may be useful: ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________ Signature ______________________________________ Name (in capitals)

_______________________________________ Title _______________________________________ Company name

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A L S T O M T & D P r o t e c t i o n & C o n t r o l L t d St Leonards Works, Stafford, ST17 4LX England Tel: 44 (0) 1785 223251 Fax: 44 (0) 1785 212232 Email: pcs.enquiries@tde.alstom.com Internet: www.alstom.com
1999 ALSTOM T&D Protection & Control Ltd Our policy is one of continuous product development and the right is reserved to supply equipment which may vary from that described.

Publication R 6522D

Printed in England.