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AS/NZS 1367:2007

AS/NZS 1367:2007

Australian/New Zealand Standard

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Coaxial cable and optical fibre systems


for the RF distribution of analog and
digital television and sound signals in
single and multiple dwelling
installations

AS/NZS 1367:2007
This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical
Committee CT-002, Broadcasting and Related Services. It was approved on behalf
of the Council of Standards Australia on 5 September 2007 and on behalf of the
Council of Standards New Zealand on 14 September 2007.
This Standard was published on 31 October 2007.
The following are represented on Committee CT-002:
Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Australian Communications and Media Authority
Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association
Australian Information Industry Association
Australian Subscription Television and Radio Association
Broadcast Australia
Commercial Radio Australia
Community Broadcasting Association of Australia
Consumer Electronics Suppliers Association
Engineers Australia
Free TV Australia
Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand
SingTel Optus
Special Broadcasting Service
Television New Zealand
Additional Interests:
Austar Entertainment, Australia
BTC Australia
Consultants
FOXTEL Management
Hills Industries, Australia
Matchmaster Communications
Modern Antenna Systems
Network Ten
Standard Communications, Australia
Seven Network (Operations)

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Keeping Standards up-to-date


Standards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and
systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and
new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued.
Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves
they are using a current Standard, which should include any amendments which
may have been published since the Standard was purchased.
Detailed information about joint Australian/New Zealand Standards can be found by
visiting the Standards Web Shop at www.standards.com.au or Standards New
Zealand web site at www.standards.co.nz and looking up the relevant Standard in
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Alternatively, both organizations publish an annual printed Catalogue with full
details of all current Standards. For more frequent listings or notification of
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Zealand offer a number of update options. For information about these services,
users should contact their respective national Standards organization.
We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially
encourage readers to notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or
ambiguities. Please address your comments to the Chief Executive of either
Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at the address shown on the back
cover.
This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 06571.

AS/NZS 1367:2007

Australian/New Zealand Standard


Coaxial cable and optical fibre systems
for the RF distribution of analog and
digital television and sound signals in
single and multiple dwelling
installations

This is a free 17 page sample. Access the full version online.

Originated as AS 13671976.
Previous edition AS/NZS 1367:2000.
Fourth edition 2007.

COPYRIGHT
Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of the publisher.
Jointly published by Standards Australia, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards
New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020
ISBN 0 7337 8449 6

AS/NZS 1367:2007

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
Committee CT-002, Broadcasting and Related Services, to supersede AS/NZS 1367:2000,
Coaxial cable systems for the distribution of analog television and sound signals in single
and multiple unit installations.
The objective of this Standard is to provide specifications and requirements for the cabling
of range of premises and buildings generally referred to in this Standard as dwellings, for
distribution of analog and digital services such as free-to-air TV and sound, subscription or
pay TV, or in-house video systems via RF distribution. Such distributed services may
include an interactive path.
A further objective of this Standard is to provide building owners, managers, architects,
consultants, designers, manufacturers, installers, maintainers, service providers and users
with requirements to meet user and service provider expectations, including performance
criteria, for existing and foreseeable future services.
This Standard specifies the required equipment and system performance to meet safety,
EMC and quality of service requirements of the end user or consumer.
This revision of AS/NZS 1367:2000 reflects the changes in the transmission formats such as
the introduction of Free To Air (FTA) digital terrestrial television broadcasts using DVB-T
and Cable systems introducing digital DVB-C plus advances in DVB-S equipment and
systems. The following additions and revisions are included.
Transmission medium and major equipment type additions:

Optical

DVB-T

DVB-C

T-DAB

Multiswitches

Diplexers

Transmodulators (TDT) for DVB-S conversion to DVB-C

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Specification and text revisions:

Satellite IF bandwidth extension to 2150 MHz

System outlet level revisions and expansion

Signal quality revisions and expansion

Maximum level capability revisions and expansion

Return loss revisions

Safety requirements revisions

EMC revisions for clarity

Addition of Coaxial Cable specifications

Addition of F-type Connector informative revisions

Addition of a grade choice in specifications

AS/NZS 1367:2007

Removal of Methods of Measurement Appendix. This change is intended to encourage


reliance upon compliant test equipment, which is now readily available, rather than
special methods of measurement or test procedures. Common test structures rely upon
direct reference to CENELEC/IEC or ETSI or ANSI/SCTE test procedures.

Supporting explanatory text

Impulse noise advice inclusions

DVB-T multipath, echo and SFN briefs

Device labelling requirements

Glossary revision and expansion

Revision of symbols

Revision of diagrams, drawings and schematics

Statements expressed in mandatory terms in notes to tables are deemed to be requirements


of this Standard.

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The terms normative and informative have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A normative appendix is an integral part
of a Standard, whereas an informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

AS/NZS 1367:2007

CONTENTS
Page
SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL..................................................................................... 15
1.1 SCOPE AND APPLICATION........................................................................................ 15
1.1.1 Scope .................................................................................................................. 15
1.1.2 Objective............................................................................................................. 15
1.1.3 Application.......................................................................................................... 16
1.1.4 Documentation provided with System................................................................. 17
1.1.5 Exclusions........................................................................................................... 17
1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS ..................................................................................... 17
1.3 SERVICES ..................................................................................................................... 19
1.3.1 General................................................................................................................ 19
1.3.2 Analog TV .......................................................................................................... 19
1.3.3 DVB-T TV .......................................................................................................... 19
1.3.4 DVB-S TV .......................................................................................................... 19
1.3.5 DVB-C TV.......................................................................................................... 19
1.3.6 FM radio ............................................................................................................. 19
1.3.7 T-DAB radio ....................................................................................................... 19

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1.4 LOCATIONS.................................................................................................................. 20
1.4.1 Dwelling categories............................................................................................. 20
1.4.2 Service Entry location ......................................................................................... 21
1.5 SYSTEMS AND EXAMPLES ....................................................................................... 22
1.5.1 Types of systems................................................................................................. 22
1.5.2 Excluded configurations...................................................................................... 29
1.5.3 Frequency usage.................................................................................................. 29
1.5.4 Variations in equipment specifications................................................................ 30
1.5.5 System modifications or additions....................................................................... 30
1.5.6 Overlay or duplicate systems............................................................................... 30
1.5.7 Provision of Free-To-Air Services including digital services .............................. 30
1.5.8 Compliance and specific requirements ................................................................ 32
1.5.9 Component quality .............................................................................................. 32
1.5.10 Published specifications and labelling ............................................................... 32
SECTION 2 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................... 33
2.1 APPLICATION AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS................................................... 33
2.1.1 Application.......................................................................................................... 33
2.1.2 Other standards ................................................................................................... 33
2.1.3 General requirements .......................................................................................... 33
2.2 ANTENNAS................................................................................................................... 33
2.2.1 General................................................................................................................ 33
2.2.2 Antenna earthing ................................................................................................. 33
2.3 POWERING OF CABLED DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ................................................ 34
2.3.1 Line powered ...................................................................................................... 34
2.3.2 Remote powering and control signals via the outlet ............................................ 34
2.3.3 Mains connected equipment ................................................................................ 34
2.4 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION............................................................................. 34
2.5 TRANSIENT AND FAULT PROTECTION .................................................................. 34

AS/NZS 1367:2007

2.5.1 General................................................................................................................ 34
2.5.2 Protection method choice .................................................................................... 35
2.5.3 Equipotential bonding ......................................................................................... 35
2.5.4 Mains isolation.................................................................................................... 37
2.6 PROXIMITY TO AND SEGREGATION FROM OTHER SYSTEMS .......................... 40
2.6.1 General................................................................................................................ 40
2.6.2 Segregation ......................................................................................................... 40
2.7 SAFETY WITH OPTICAL SYSTEMSLABELS........................................................ 40
SECTION 3 EMC REQUIREMENTS...................................................................................... 41
3.1 GENERAL ..................................................................................................................... 41
3.1.1 General................................................................................................................ 41
3.1.2 Application.......................................................................................................... 41
3.1.3 EMC regulations ................................................................................................. 41
3.1.4 Specification ....................................................................................................... 41
3.1.5 Theoretical basis ................................................................................................. 41
3.2 EMISSION FROM A SYSTEM (ENVIRONMENT) ..................................................... 42
3.2.1 General................................................................................................................ 42
3.2.2 Measurement method .......................................................................................... 43
3.2.3 Emission field strength limits.............................................................................. 44
3.3 EMISSION FROM A SYSTEM (CONDUCTION) ........................................................ 44
3.4 IMMUNITY OF A SYSTEM (ENVIRONMENT) ......................................................... 45
3.4.1 General................................................................................................................ 45
3.4.2 System immunity limits from other transmitted services..................................... 45
3.4.3 Maximum unwanted interfering field strength .................................................... 45
3.4.4 System immunity from impulsive noise .............................................................. 46
3.4.5 Method of measurement of the external immunity of a system ........................... 46
3.5 IMMUNITY OF A SYSTEM (CONDUCTION) ............................................................ 47
3.5.1 General................................................................................................................ 47
3.5.2 Limits.................................................................................................................. 47
SECTION 4 ACTIVE DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT ........................................................... 49

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4.1 GENERAL ..................................................................................................................... 49


4.2 ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 49
4.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................... 49
4.3.1 Emission from equipment ................................................................................... 49
4.3.2 Immunity of equipment ....................................................................................... 49
4.4 EQUIPMENT EARTHING ............................................................................................ 49
4.5 FREQUENCY RANGE .................................................................................................. 49
4.6 NOMINAL IMPEDANCE.............................................................................................. 50
4.6.1 General................................................................................................................ 50
4.6.2 Return loss .......................................................................................................... 50
4.7 GAIN.............................................................................................................................. 50
4.7.1 Gain and gain range ............................................................................................ 50
4.7.2 Frequency dependant gain (slope) ....................................................................... 50
4.8 AMPLITUDE FLATNESS ............................................................................................. 50
4.8.1 General................................................................................................................ 50
4.8.2 Specification ....................................................................................................... 50

AS/NZS 1367:2007

4.8.3 Conditions........................................................................................................... 51
4.9 TEST POINTS................................................................................................................ 51
4.10 GROUP DELAY .......................................................................................................... 51
4.10.1 Analog TV ........................................................................................................ 51
4.10.2 DVB-T, DVB-S, DVB-C, T-DAB & FM Radio................................................ 51
4.11 NOISE FIGURE ........................................................................................................... 51
4.12 RF ISOLATION ........................................................................................................... 51
4.12.1 Equipment with multiple outputs....................................................................... 51
4.12.2 Equipment catering for multiple trunks ............................................................. 52
4.13 MAXIMUM OUTPUT LEVEL .................................................................................... 52
4.13.1 General.............................................................................................................. 52
4.13.2 Analog Service Rating (ASR) ........................................................................... 52
4.13.3 ASR application to Digital TV .......................................................................... 54
4.13.4 Digital Service Rating (DSR) ............................................................................ 55
4.13.5 Relation between ASR and DSR (informative) ................................................. 57
4.13.6 Cascaded active devices de-rating ..................................................................... 58
4.14 CHANNEL POWER MEASUREMENT BANDWIDTHS ........................................... 58
4.15 AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL ................................................................................ 59
4.15.1 Range ................................................................................................................ 59
4.15.2 Variation ........................................................................................................... 59
4.15.3 AGC Response Time......................................................................................... 59
4.16 SCREENING EFFECTIVENESS OF EQUIPMENT.................................................... 59
4.17 TRUNK PATH DC CURRENT CAPABILITY OF SATELLITE IF AMPLIFIERS .... 59
4.18 POWER SUPPLY......................................................................................................... 60
4.18.1 Rating................................................................................................................ 60
4.18.2 Supply voltages and power consumption........................................................... 60
4.18.3 Supply power indicator ..................................................................................... 60
4.19 LABELLING................................................................................................................ 60

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SECTION 5 PASSIVE EQUIPMENT...................................................................................... 61


5.1 GENERAL ..................................................................................................................... 61
5.1.1 Application.......................................................................................................... 61
5.1.2 Interpretation....................................................................................................... 61
5.2 ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 61
5.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................... 61
5.3.1 General................................................................................................................ 61
5.3.2 Emission from equipment ................................................................................... 61
5.3.3 Immunity of equipment ....................................................................................... 61
5.4 EQUIPMENT EARTHING ............................................................................................ 61
5.5 NOMINAL IMPEDANCE.............................................................................................. 61
5.6 SYSTEM OUTLET FLYLEAD...................................................................................... 61
5.6.1 General................................................................................................................ 61
5.6.2 Connectors .......................................................................................................... 62
5.6.3 Return loss .......................................................................................................... 62
5.6.4 Attenuation.......................................................................................................... 63
5.6.5 Screening ............................................................................................................ 63
5.6.6 Dielectric............................................................................................................. 63

AS/NZS 1367:2007

5.7 SYSTEM OUTLET (WALLPLATE) ............................................................................. 63


5.7.1 Application.......................................................................................................... 63
5.7.2 TV/Satellite diplexer ........................................................................................... 63
5.7.3 TV/FM sound diplexer ........................................................................................ 64
5.7.4 Connectors .......................................................................................................... 64
5.7.5 Return loss .......................................................................................................... 64
5.7.6 RF isolation......................................................................................................... 65
5.7.7 Screening ............................................................................................................ 65
5.7.8 AC mains isolation.............................................................................................. 65
5.8 SPLITTERS, DIRECTIONAL COUPLERS AND DISTRIBUTION TAPS................... 65
5.8.1 General................................................................................................................ 65
5.8.2 Return loss .......................................................................................................... 65
5.8.3 Splitter amplitude loss......................................................................................... 65
5.8.4 Specified loss ...................................................................................................... 66
5.8.5 Loss difference between outputs ......................................................................... 66
5.8.6 Amplitude versus frequency response ................................................................. 66
5.8.7 RF isolation......................................................................................................... 67
5.8.8 RF isolation between multiple devices in the same package................................ 67
5.8.9 Directivity ........................................................................................................... 67
5.8.10 Screening .......................................................................................................... 67
5.8.11 DC current capability for splitters for use in satellite IF systems....................... 67
5.8.12 Port and trunk path DC current capability for taps for use in satellite IF
systems............................................................................................................ 68
5.9 SATELLITE IF HIGH PASS FILTERS ......................................................................... 68

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5.10 OTHER PASSIVE DEVICES....................................................................................... 69


5.10.1 General.............................................................................................................. 69
5.10.2 Return loss ........................................................................................................ 69
5.10.3 Amplitude loss .................................................................................................. 70
5.10.4 Amplitude flatness ............................................................................................ 71
5.10.5 Screening .......................................................................................................... 71
5.10.6 DC current capability for other passive devices for use in satellite IF
systems............................................................................................................ 71
5.11 COAXIAL CABLE ...................................................................................................... 71
5.11.1 Construction...................................................................................................... 71
5.11.2 Cable selection .................................................................................................. 72
5.11.3 Physical dimensions .......................................................................................... 72
5.11.4 DC requirements ............................................................................................... 73
5.11.5 Screening .......................................................................................................... 73
5.11.6 Characteristic impedance .................................................................................. 73
5.11.7 Structural Return Loss (SRL) ............................................................................ 74
5.11.8 Attenuation characteristics ................................................................................ 75
5.11.9 Attenuation equations for design purposes ........................................................ 76
5.11.10 Cable Velocity of Propagation......................................................................... 76
5.12 COAXIAL CONNECTORS ......................................................................................... 76
5.12.1 Type .................................................................................................................. 76
5.12.2 Return loss ........................................................................................................ 77
5.12.3 Screening .......................................................................................................... 77
5.12.4 Compatibility .................................................................................................... 77
5.13 LABELLING................................................................................................................ 77
SECTION 6 HEADEND EQUIPMENT................................................................................... 78
6.1 GENERAL ..................................................................................................................... 78

AS/NZS 1367:2007

6.2 ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 78


6.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................... 78
6.3.1 General................................................................................................................ 78
6.3.2 Emission from equipment ................................................................................... 79
6.3.3 Immunity of equipment ....................................................................................... 79
6.4 EQUIPMENT EARTHING ............................................................................................ 79
6.5 RF SIGNAL GENERATION AND MODULATION EQUIPMENT.............................. 79
6.5.1 Input and output ports ......................................................................................... 79
6.5.2 Out of channel spurious....................................................................................... 79
6.5.3 Digital TV modulators ........................................................................................ 79
6.5.4 Analog TV modulators........................................................................................ 80
6.5.5 QAM modulators ................................................................................................ 83
6.5.6 FM radio modulators........................................................................................... 83
6.5.7 Digital TV to Digital TV frequency converters or translators.............................. 84
6.5.8 Analog TV to Analog TV frequency converters or translators ............................ 84
6.5.9 Pilot signal generator........................................................................................... 85
6.5.10 Amplifier and frequency converter intermodulation distortion.......................... 85
6.5.11 Noise figure....................................................................................................... 85
6.6 ANALOG VIDEO SIGNAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................ 85
6.6.1 Impedance........................................................................................................... 85
6.6.2 Connectors .......................................................................................................... 85
6.6.3 Cable impedance ................................................................................................. 85
6.6.4 Return loss .......................................................................................................... 85
6.6.5 Cable shielding.................................................................................................... 85
6.6.6 Voltage................................................................................................................ 86
6.6.7 Synchronizing pulse polarity............................................................................... 86
6.6.8 DC offset voltage ................................................................................................ 86
6.6.9 Video distortion .................................................................................................. 86

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6.7 ANALOG AUDIO SIGNAL REQUIREMENTS............................................................ 87


6.7.1 Impedance........................................................................................................... 87
6.7.2 Connectors .......................................................................................................... 87
6.7.3 Cables ................................................................................................................. 87
6.7.4 Cable shielding.................................................................................................... 87
6.7.5 Analog TV audio................................................................................................. 87
6.7.6 FM radio ............................................................................................................. 88
6.8 DATA INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS........................................................................ 88
6.9 ANTENNAS................................................................................................................... 88
6.9.1 Antennas general................................................................................................. 88
6.9.2 Satellite service antennas .................................................................................... 89
6.9.3 Terrestrial service antennas ................................................................................. 89
6.9.4 Location of antennas for DVB-T reception (informative).................................... 89
6.9.5 Location of antennas for DVB-S reception (informative).................................... 90
6.9.6 Location of antennas for Sound Broadcast reception........................................... 90
6.9.7 Combining of T-DAB with Analog TV and Digital TV ...................................... 91
6.9.8 Antenna amplifier ............................................................................................... 91
6.10 ACTIVE HEADEND DEVICE OUTPUT LEVELS AND REQUIREMENTS............. 92
6.10.1 General.............................................................................................................. 92
6.10.2 Analog Service Rating (ASR) ........................................................................... 92
6.10.3 Digital Service Rating (DSR) ............................................................................ 92
6.11 POWER SUPPLY......................................................................................................... 92

AS/NZS 1367:2007

6.11.1 Rating................................................................................................................ 92
6.11.2 Supply voltages and power consumption........................................................... 92
6.11.3 Supply power indicator ..................................................................................... 92
6.12 LABELLING................................................................................................................ 92
SECTION 7 OPTICAL EQUIPMENT ..................................................................................... 93
7.1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................... 93
7.2 ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 93
7.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................... 93
7.3.1 General................................................................................................................ 93
7.3.2 Emission from equipment ................................................................................... 93
7.3.3 Immunity of equipment ....................................................................................... 93
7.4 EQUIPMENT EARTHING ............................................................................................ 93
7.5 APPLICATION .............................................................................................................. 93
7.5.1 RF frequency range ............................................................................................. 93
7.5.2 Operating bands .................................................................................................. 93
7.5.3 Optical mode....................................................................................................... 94
7.5.4 Nominal wavelength ........................................................................................... 94
7.5.5 Optical modulation.............................................................................................. 94
7.5.6 Connector............................................................................................................ 94
7.5.7 Fibre connection.................................................................................................. 94
7.5.8 Fibre type ............................................................................................................ 94
7.6 OVERALL RF PERFORMANCE OF OPTICAL SYSTEM........................................... 95
7.6.1 General................................................................................................................ 95
7.6.2 Amplitude frequency response ............................................................................ 95
7.6.3 Carrier to Noise Ratio ......................................................................................... 95
7.6.4 Maximum output level ........................................................................................ 96
7.6.5 Safety .................................................................................................................. 96
7.6.6 Marking............................................................................................................... 96

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7.7 ACTIVE EQUIPMENTOPTICAL TRANSMITTERS ............................................... 96


7.7.1 General................................................................................................................ 96
7.7.2 RF input port ....................................................................................................... 96
7.7.3 Optical Return Loss............................................................................................. 96
7.7.4 Alarms and indicators ......................................................................................... 97
7.8 ACTIVE EQUIPMENTOPTICAL RECEIVERS........................................................ 97
7.8.1 General................................................................................................................ 97
7.8.2 Optical Return Loss............................................................................................. 97
7.8.3 RF output port ..................................................................................................... 97
7.9 OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS................................................................................................ 97
7.10 MULTIPLEXERS, SPLITTERS, DIRECTIONAL COUPLERS AND ISOLATORS .. 98
7.11 POWER SUPPLY......................................................................................................... 98
7.11.1 Rating................................................................................................................ 98
7.11.2 Supply voltages and power consumption........................................................... 98
7.11.3 Supply power indicator ..................................................................................... 98
7.12 LABELLING................................................................................................................ 98
7.13 SAFETY AND HANDLING ........................................................................................ 98
7.14 OPTICAL EQUIPMENT.............................................................................................. 99

AS/NZS 1367:2007

10

SECTION 8 SATELLITE SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT ................................................... 100


8.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 100
8.2 ENVIRONMENT ......................................................................................................... 100
8.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................. 101
8.3.1 General.............................................................................................................. 101
8.3.2 Emission from equipment ................................................................................. 101
8.3.3 Immunity of equipment ..................................................................................... 101
8.4 EQUIPMENT EARTHING .......................................................................................... 101
8.5 SATELLITE ANTENNA ............................................................................................. 101
8.6 ISOLATION OF SATELLITE IF BANDS FROM THE FTA BANDS ........................ 101
8.7 TRANSMODULATORS .............................................................................................. 102
8.8 LNB.............................................................................................................................. 102
8.8.1 Selection voltages ............................................................................................. 102
8.8.2 Local Oscillator frequency ................................................................................ 102
8.8.3 Return Loss ....................................................................................................... 102
8.8.4 Gain .................................................................................................................. 102
8.8.5 Noise Figure (NF) or noise temperature ............................................................ 102

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8.9 MULTISWITCHES...................................................................................................... 102


8.9.1 Frequency range................................................................................................ 102
8.9.2 Return Loss ....................................................................................................... 103
8.9.3 Insertion loss or gain ......................................................................................... 103
8.9.4 Amplitude slope and flatness............................................................................. 103
8.9.5 Isolation between frequency bands.................................................................... 104
8.9.6 RF switch isolation between input ports............................................................ 105
8.9.7 RF mutual isolation between output ports ......................................................... 105
8.9.8 Directivity of output ports ................................................................................. 105
8.9.9 RF trunk isolation.............................................................................................. 105
8.9.10 Maximum output level .................................................................................... 105
8.9.11 Minimum output level capability..................................................................... 106
8.9.12 Noise Figure (NF) ........................................................................................... 107
8.9.13 DC voltages..................................................................................................... 107
8.9.14 Port and satellite IF trunk path DC current capability ..................................... 108
8.9.15 DC current consumption ................................................................................. 109
8.10 POWER SUPPLY....................................................................................................... 109
8.10.1 Rating.............................................................................................................. 109
8.10.2 Supply voltages and power consumption......................................................... 109
8.10.3 Supply power indicator ................................................................................... 109
8.11 LABELLING.............................................................................................................. 109
SECTION 9 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE .............................................................................. 110
9.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 110
9.1.1 Application........................................................................................................ 110
9.1.2 Interpretation..................................................................................................... 110
9.2 ENVIRONMENT ......................................................................................................... 110
9.3 EMC ............................................................................................................................. 110
9.4 MAXIMUM CARRIER LEVELS ................................................................................ 110
9.5 NOMINAL IMPEDANCE............................................................................................ 111

11

AS/NZS 1367:2007

9.6 CARRIER TO NOISE RATIOS IN AMPLIFIED SYSTEMS ...................................... 111


9.6.1 General.............................................................................................................. 111
9.6.2 Analog TV ........................................................................................................ 111
9.6.3 DVB-T .............................................................................................................. 111
9.6.4 DVB-S .............................................................................................................. 111
9.6.5 DVB-C .............................................................................................................. 111
9.6.6 T-DAB .............................................................................................................. 111
9.6.7 FM monaural radio............................................................................................ 111
9.6.8 FM stereo radio ................................................................................................. 111
9.7 SYSTEM OUTLET LEVELS....................................................................................... 112
9.8 CHANNEL LEVEL DIFFERENCES AT A SYSTEM OUTLET................................. 113
9.8.1 General.............................................................................................................. 113
9.8.2 Wanted services definition ................................................................................ 113
9.8.3 Analog TV ........................................................................................................ 113
9.8.4 DVB-T .............................................................................................................. 113
9.8.5 DVB-S .............................................................................................................. 113
9.8.6 DVB-C .............................................................................................................. 113
9.8.7 T-DAB .............................................................................................................. 113
9.8.8 Analog TV and DVB-T difference .................................................................... 114
9.8.9 Analog TV and T-DAB difference (Band III only)............................................ 114
9.8.10 Digital TV and T-DAB difference (Band III only) .......................................... 114
9.8.11 Analog TV and DVB-C difference .................................................................. 114
9.8.12 FM Radio and Analog TV difference .............................................................. 114
9.9 ANALOG TV VISION TO SOUND CARRIER RATIOS............................................ 115
9.9.1 General.............................................................................................................. 115
9.9.2 Single sound carrier........................................................................................... 115
9.9.3 Dual sound carrier ............................................................................................. 115

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9.10 SYSTEM AMPLITUDE RESPONSE AT A SYSTEM OUTLET .............................. 115


9.10.1 General............................................................................................................ 115
9.10.2 Analog TV ...................................................................................................... 115
9.10.3 DVB-T ............................................................................................................ 115
9.10.4 DVB-S ............................................................................................................ 115
9.10.5 DVB-C ............................................................................................................ 115
9.10.6 T-DAB ............................................................................................................ 115
9.10.7 FM radio ......................................................................................................... 115
9.11 DIGITAL SIGNAL QUALITY AT SYSTEM OUTLETS.......................................... 116
9.11.1 General............................................................................................................ 116
9.11.2 Characteristics of ratio types measured in digital systems............................... 117
9.12 RF MUTUAL ISOLATION BETWEEN SYSTEM OUTLETS.................................. 118
9.12.1 Band 45 MHz to 862 MHz .............................................................................. 118
9.12.2 Band 950 MHz to 2150 MHz .......................................................................... 118
9.13 DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SELF-INDUCED INTERFERENCE/DISTORTION ..... 118
9.13.1 CW or narrowband interference ...................................................................... 118
9.13.2 Intermodulation, cross-modulation or broadband interference......................... 119
9.13.3 Analog TV baseband distortion ....................................................................... 119
9.13.4 Group delay distortion..................................................................................... 119
9.13.5 Hum modulation.............................................................................................. 120
APPENDIX A AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND TELEVISION BAND
FREQUENCIES.................................................................................................... 121

AS/NZS 1367:2007

12

APPENDIX B IEC 60169-2 (BELLING and LEE) CONNECTOR ADVISORY


MODIFICATIONS ............................................................................................... 125
B1 IEC 60169 COAXIAL CONNECTORGENERAL .................................................... 125
B2 SUMMARY.................................................................................................................. 125
B2.1 Mechanical tolerances ....................................................................................... 125
B2.2 Electrical tolerances........................................................................................... 126
B3 RECOMMENDATION................................................................................................. 126
APPENDIX C F-STYLE CONNECTOR ADVISORY MODIFICATIONS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS....................................................................................... 127
C1 F-CONNECTOR........................................................................................................... 127
C2 RECOMMENDATION................................................................................................. 127
APPENDIX D

DOCUMENTATION AND LABELLING ................................................ 129

D1 GENERAL.................................................................................................................... 129
D2 MINIMUM DOCUMENTATION ................................................................................ 129
D3 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS.......................................................................................... 129
D4 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ....................................................................................... 129
D5 PUBLISHED EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................... 129
D6 EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM LABELLING ............................................................... 130
APPENDIX E

GLOSSARY OF TERMS .......................................................................... 131

APPENDIX F

DRAFTING SYMBOLS ........................................................................... 154

APPENDIX G

RECOMMENDED CABLING INSTALLATION PRACTICES............... 155

G1 GENERAL.................................................................................................................... 155
G2 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES ................................................................................. 155

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G3 NON-CONFORMING PRACTICES ............................................................................ 156

TABLES
TABLE 1.1 NOMINAL SERVICE ENTRY LOCATIONS.................................................... 21
TABLE 2.1 SUMMARY OF EQUIPOTENTIAL BONDING AND ISOLATING
REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................................ 39
TABLE 3.1 EMISSION FIELD STRENGTH LIMITS .......................................................... 44
TABLE 3.2 CONDUCTED EMISSION VOLTAGES ........................................................... 45
TABLE 3.3 SYSTEM IMMUNITY LIMITS.......................................................................... 45
TABLE 3.4 MAXIMUM UNWANTED INTERFERING FIELD STRENGTH ..................... 46
TABLE 3.5 MAINS CABLE CONDUCTED IMMUNITY LIMITS...................................... 48
TABLE 3.6 NON-MAINS LEADS CONDUCTED IMMUNITY LIMITS ............................ 48
TABLE 4.1 DE-RATING OF IM2 OR IM3 FOR INCREASED CHANNEL LOADING ....... 53
TABLE 4.2 DE-RATING AS A RESULT OF CASCADED AMPLIFIERS .......................... 58
TABLE 5.1 TV/SAT DIPLEXER ATTENUATION .............................................................. 64

13

AS/NZS 1367:2007

TABLE 5.2 SPLITTER LOSS................................................................................................ 66


TABLE 5.3 SATELLITE IF HIGH PASS CONDITIONING FILTER................................... 68
TABLE 5.4 COAXIAL CABLE CHARACTERISTIC DIMENSIONS TO FIT RG6 AND
RG11 CONNECTORS...................................................................................................... 72
TABLE 5.5 COAXIAL CABLE MAXIMUM RESISTANCE ............................................... 73
TABLE 5.6 COAXIAL CABLE ATTENUATION ................................................................ 75
TABLE 8.1 MAXIMUM LEVEL CAPABILITYTERRESTRIAL ................................... 105
TABLE 8.2 MAXIMUM LEVEL CAPABILITY SATELLITE IF.................................... 106
TABLE 8.3 MINIMUM LEVEL CAPABILITIESTERRESTRIAL ................................. 106
TABLE 8.4 MINIMUM LEVEL CAPABILITIESSATELLITE IF .................................. 106
TABLE 8.5 POLARIZATION SWITCHING VOLTAGES ................................................. 107
TABLE 8.6 LABELLING AND NOMINAL SWITCHING VOLTAGES ........................... 107
TABLE 9.1 SYSTEM LEVELS OVER ALL SYSTEM OUTLETS..................................... 112
TABLE 9.2 CHANNEL LEVEL DIFFERENCES AT A SYSTEM OUTLET
(WALLPLATE).............................................................................................................. 114
TABLE 9.3 MINIMUM DIGITAL SIGNAL QUALITY AT SYSTEM OUTLET
(WALLPLATE).............................................................................................................. 116

FIGURES
FIGURE 1.1 ILLUSTRATION OF THE SCOPE OF STANDARD ...................................... 21
FIGURE 1.2 CONCEPT EXAMPLE OF A SINGLE DWELLING SYSTEM WITH
MULTIPLE SERVICES ................................................................................................... 22
FIGURE 1.3 CONCEPT EXAMPLE OF A MULTIPLE DWELLING SYSTEM WITH
THREE SEPARATE SERVICES ..................................................................................... 23
FIGURE 1.4 INSTALLATION EXAMPLE OF SEPARATE SATELLITE IF AND FTA
SYSTEMS FOR SINGLE OR MULTIPLE DWELLINGS............................................... 24

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FIGURE 1.5 INSTALLATION EXAMPLE OF INTEGRATED SATELLITE IF AND FTA


SYSTEM FOR SINGLE OR MULTIPLE DWELLINGS ................................................. 25
FIGURE 1.6 INSTALLATION EXAMPLE OF INTEGRATED SATELLITE IF AND FTA
SYSTEM WITH BACKBONE FOR MULTIPLE DWELLINGS..................................... 26
FIGURE 1.7 INSTALLATION EXAMPLE OF A READILY EXTENDABLE SYSTEM
WITH BACKBONE FOR MULTIPLE DWELLINGS ..................................................... 27
FIGURE 1.8 INSTALLATION EXAMPLE OF A CHANNEL PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR
MULTIPLE DWELLINGS............................................................................................... 28
FIGURE 1.9 ILLUSTRATION OF A NON-COMPLIANT LOOP-THROUGH SYSTEM... 29
FIGURE 2.1 OPTION FOR EQUIPOTENTIAL BONDING IN A SINGLE DWELLING
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................. 36
FIGURE 2.2 OPTION FOR EQUIPOTENTIAL BONDING IN A MULTIPLE DWELLING
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................. 37
FIGURE 2.3 EXAMPLE OF AN INSTALLATION OF AN ISOLATOR IN A SINGLE
DWELLING INSTALLATION ........................................................................................ 38
FIGURE 2.4 EXAMPLE OF AN INSTALLATION OF ISOLATORS IN A SINGLE
DWELLING WHERE THE NUMBER OF OUTLETS >6 ............................................... 39

AS/NZS 1367:2007

14

FIGURE 3.1 FACTORS GOVERNING SYSTEM EMC PERFORMANCE......................... 42


FIGURE 3.2 SYSTEM EMISSION MEASUREMENT SETUP............................................ 44
FIGURE 3.3 SYSTEM IMMUNITY MEASUREMENT SETUP......................................... 46
FIGURE 5.1 EXAMPLE OF A SYSTEM OUTLET FLYLEAD CONFIGURATION.......... 62
FIGURE 5.2 FLYLEAD CABLE SRL .................................................................................. 63
FIGURE 5.3 COAXIAL CABLE SRL (BASIC-GRADE).................................................... 74
FIGURE 5.4 COAXIAL CABLE ATTENUATION.............................................................. 75
FIGURE 6.1 EXAMPLE OF A HEADEND IN A MULTIPLE DWELLINGS
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................. 78
FIGURE 6.2 RECEIVER GROUP DELAY PRE-CORRECTION ........................................ 83
FIGURE 6.3 DVB-T RECEIVER THRESHOLD PERFORMANCE (EXAMPLE ONLY) .. 90
FIGURE 7.1

TYPICAL SINGLE MODE FIBRE SPECIFICATION ................................... 94

FIGURE 8.1 MULTISWITCH AMPLITUDE SLOPE AND FLATNESS LIMITS


SATELLITE ................................................................................................................... 104
FIGURE 8.2 MULTISWITCH AMPLITUDE SLOPE AND FLATNESS LIMITS
TERRESTRIAL.............................................................................................................. 104

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COMPONENTS OF DIRECTIVITY...................................................................................... 138

15

AS/NZS 1367:2007

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND


Australian/New Zealand Standard
Coaxial cable and optical fibre systems for the RF distribution of analog
and digital television and sound signals in single and multiple dwelling
installations

SECT ION

SCOPE

AND

GENERA L

1.1 SCOPE AND APPLICATION


1.1.1 Scope
This Standard sets out specifications that relate to the design, installation, electrical safety
aspects and working performance of a range of Radio Frequency (RF) distribution systems
along with passive and active components that will enable the high quality distribution of
analog and/or digital television and sound signals in single homes and multiple unit
dwellings. The end result of compliant systems and components is to make available RF
based broadcast or in-house signals carried by coaxial cable or by a combination of coaxial
cable and fibre optic cable, to one or several outlets in a users dwelling(s) and then onto a
users receiver where a tuner may reliably select and decode the desired signal with
minimum distortion or interference. The scope is illustrated in Figure 1.1.
This Standard is applicable to systems capable of accommodating the distribution of RF
signals depending on service requirements that may include interactive return path, over a
frequency range that may cover from 5 MHz to 2150 MHz.
This Standard covers distribution systems that typically carry, as a minimum, the local
Analog TV and Digital TV1 Free-To-Air (FTA) terrestrially broadcast services, through to
extensive systems that combine terrestrial and satellite IF (single or multiple) distribution
and also may separately distribute Cable services.

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This Standard provides specifications for a range of passive and active devices including
coaxial cable. The specification compliance of individual components performance and the
interaction between them is seen as an essential primary requirement to provide a design
that has predictable level and quality outcomes leading to robust overall performance that is
presented to the users connection point (system outlet or wallplate).
This Standard provides level and quality parameters applicable to the final system for both
design guidance and system commissioning.
This Standard provides examples of system topology and although applying limitations the
Standard is not intended to restrict other potentially compliant system topologies.
1.1.2 Objective
The intended result of the application of the requirements in this Standard is a distribution
system that delivers a desired range of RF based broadcast or in-house signals to the endusers tuners/receivers at a sufficient but not excessive level to ensure that noise,
intermodulation, cross-modulation or other interference will not impair reception. The
specified design and construction of the distribution system is also intended to minimize
other effects such as ghosting, signal ingress to or egress from the system that could be
caused by component and coaxial cable mismatch or shielding deficiency.

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AS/NZS 1367:2007 Coaxial cable and optical fibre systems for


the RF distribution of analog and digital television and sound
signals in single and multiple dwelling installations

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