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# Section I

1) Two elements X (Atomic mass 16) and Y (Atomic mass 14) combine to form compounds A, B and C. the ratio of different masses of Y which combines with a fixed mass of X in A, B and C is 1:3:5. If 32 parts by mass of X combines with 84 parts by mass of Y in B, then in C, 16 parts by mass of X will combine with parts by mass of Y. a) 14 b) 42 c) 70 d) 84 2) Law of definite proportion does not apply to nitrogen oxide because a) Atomic weight of nitrogen is not constant b) Molecular weight of nitrogen is variable c) Equivalent weight of nitrogen is variable d) Atomic weight of oxygen is variable 3) In textile mill, a double effect evaporator system concentrates weak liquor containing 4% (by weight) caustic soda to produce a lye containing 25% solids (by weight). Calculate the weight of the water evaporate per 100 kg feed in the evaporator. a) 125.0 g b) 50.0 kg c) 84.0 kg d) 16.0 kg 4) Zinc ore (zinc sulphate) is treated with sulphuric acid, leaving a solution with some undissolved bits of material and releasing hydrogen sulphide gas. If 10.8 g of zinc ore is treated with 50.0 mL of sulphuric acid (density 1.153 g/mL), 65.1 g of solution and undissolved material remains. In addition, hydrogen sulphide (density 1.393 g/L) is evolved. What is the volume (in litres) of this gas? a) 4.3 b) 3.35 c) 4.67 d) 2.40 5) A sample of an ethanol-water solution has a volume of 54.2 cm3 and a mass of 49.6 g. what is the percentage of ethanol (by mass) in the solution? (Assume that there is no change in change in volume when the pure compounds are mixed.) The density of ethanol is 0.80 g/cm3 and that of water is 1.00 g/cm3. a) 18.4% b) 37.1% c) 33.95% d) 31.2% 6) Zinc metal reacts with yellow crystals of sulphur in a fiery reaction to produce a white powder of zinc sulphide. A chemist determines that 65.4 of zinc reacts with 32.1 g of sulphur. How many grams of zinc sulphide could be produced from 20.0 g of zinc metal? a) 29.8 g b) 9.8 g c) 97.5 g d) 31.8 g 7) A student gently drops an object weighting 15.8 g into an open vessel that is full of ethanol, so that a volume of ethanol spills out equal to the volume of the object. The experimenter now finds that the vessel and its contents weigh 10.5 g more than the vessel full of ethanol only. The density of ethanol is 0.789 g/cm3. What is the density of the object? a) 6.717 g/cm3 b) 4.182 g/cm3

c) 1.563 g/cm3 d) 2.352 g/cm3 8) A person needs 2.0 mg of riboflavin (Vitamin B2) per day on an average. How many gram of butter should be taken by the person per day if it is the only source of riboflavin? Butter contains 5.5 microgram riboflavin per gram. a) 363.6 g b) 2.75 mg c) 11 g d) 19.8 g 9) A sample of clay contains 40% silica and 15% water. The sample is partially dried by which it loses 5 g water. If the percentage of water in the partially dried clay is 8, calculate the percentage of silica in the partially dried clay. a) 21.33% b) 43.29% c) 75% d) 50% 10) The density of quartz mineral was determined by adding a weighed piece to a graduated cylinder containing 51.2 mL water. After the quartz was submersed, the water level was 65.7 mL. the quartz piece weighed 38.4 g. what was the density of quartz? a) 1.71 g/mL b) 1.33 g/mL c) 2.65 g/mL d) 1.65 g/mL 11) Some bottles of colourless liquids were being labeled when the technicians accidently mixed them up and lost track of their contents. A 15.0 mL sample withdrawn from one bottle weighed 22.3 g. The technicians knew that the liquid was either acetone, benzene, chloroform or carbon tetrachloride (Which have densities of 0.792 g/cm3, 0.899 g/cm3, 1.489 g/cm3 and 1.595 g/cm3, respectively). What was the identity of the liquid? a) Carbon tetrachloride b) Acetone c) Chloroform d) Benzene 12) An ammonium sulphate solution of concentration 0.05 kilo mol reacts with calcium hydroxide. How many litres of a solution (specific gravity 0.92) containing 20.5% by weight of ammonia can be prepared using this reaction? a) 12.0 L b) 9.0 L c) 18.0 L d) 4.5 L 13) Atomic mass of an element is a) The actual mass of the one atom of the element b) The relative mass of an atom of the element c) The average relative mass of different atoms of the element d) Much different from the mass number of the element 14) The use of C12 scale has superseded the older scaled of atomic mass based on O18 isotope, one important advantage of the former being a) the atomic masses on C12 scale became whole numbers b) C12 is more abundant in the earths crust than O16 c) The different between physical and chemical atomic masses got narrowed down significantly d) C12 is situated midway between metals and non-metals in the periodic table 15) One atomic mass unit in kilogram is

a) 1/NA b) 12/NA c) 1/1000 NA d) 1000/NA 16) An element, X, have three isotopes X20, X21 and X22. The percentage abundance of X20 is 90% and its average atomic mass of the element is 20.18. The percentage abundance of X 21 should be a) 2% b) 8% c) 10% d) 0% 17) The number of atoms present in 0.5 g atoms of nitrogen is same as the atoms in a) 12 g of C b) 32 g of S c) 8 g of oxygen d) 24 g of Mg 18) A graph is plotted for an element, by putting its weight on X-axis and the corresponding number of number of atoms on Y-axis. Determine the atomic weight of the element for which the graph is plotted. a) Infinite b) 40 c) 0.025 d) 20 19) The O18/O16 ratio in some meteorites is greater than that used to calculate the average atomic mass of oxygen on earth. The average mass of an atom of oxygen in these meteorites is that of a terrestrial oxygen atom? a) Equal to b) Greater than c) Less than d) None of these 20) If isotopic distribution of C12 and C14 is 98.0% and 2.0% respectively, then the number of C14 atoms in 12 g of carbon is a) 1.032 1022 b) 1.20 1022 c) 5.88 1023 d) 6.02 1023 21) At one time there was a chemical atomic weight scale based on the assignment of the value 16.0000 to naturally occurring oxygen. What would have been the atomic weight, on such a table, of silver, if current information had been available? The atomic weights of oxygen and silver on the present table are 15.9994 and 107.868. a) 107.908 b) 107.864 c) 107.868 d) 107.872 22) In what atomic ratio O16 and O17 atoms should be taken in a sample such that average atomic mass becomes 16.72? a) 7:18 b) 18:7 c) 19:8 d) 8:19

23) Two isotopes of an element Q are Q97 (23.4% abundance) and Q94 (76.6% abundance). Q97 is 8.082 times heavier than C12 and Q94 is 7.833 times heavier than C12. What is the average atomic weight of the element Q? a) 94.702 b) 78.913 c) 96.298 d) 94.695 24) The element silicon makes up 25.7% of the earths crust by weight, and is the second most abundant element, with oxygen being the first. Three isotopes of silicon occur in nature; Si28 (92.21%), which has an atomic mass of 27.97693 u; Si29 (4.70%), with an atomic mass of 28.97649 u: and Si30 (3.09%), with an atomic mass of 29.97379 u. what is the atomic weight of silicon? a) 28.0856 b) 28.1088 c) 28.8342 d) 29.0012 25) The oxide of a metal contains 30% oxygen by weight. If the atomic ratio of metal and oxygen is 2:3, determine the atomic weight of metal. a) 12 b) 56 c) 27 d) 52 26) The mercury content of a stream was believed to be above the minimum considered safe limit (1 part per billion by weight). An analysis indicated that the concentration was 1.68 parts per billion. How many Hg atoms was present in 15 L of the water, the density of which is 0.998 g/mL? (Hg = 200) a) 7.57 1013 b) 7.57 1019 c) 7.57 1016 d) 5.37 1016 27) There are 2.619 1022 atoms in 1.0 g of sodium. Assume that sodium atoms are spheres of radius 0.186 nm and that they are lined up side by side. How many miles, its length, is the line of sodium atoms? a) 0.74 1012 b) 1.56 1010 c) 1.44 109 d) 6.089 109 28) Ammonia is a gas with a characteristic pungent odour. It is sold as a water solution by one in household cleaning. The gas is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen in the atomic ratio 1:3. A sample of ammonia contains 7.933 g N and 1.712 g H. what is the atomic mass of N relative to H? a) 14 b) 27.80 c) 14.90 d) 14.10 29) The waste of nuclear power plant contains C12 and C14 in the ratio of 4:1 by moles. What is the molecular weight of CH4 gas produced from this disposed waster? Given abundance of C 12 and C14 are 98% and 2% respectively. a) 15.998 b) 16.0053 c) 16

d) 16.4 30) Pheromones are a special type of compound secreted by the females of many insect species to attract the males for mating. One pheromone has the molecular formula C19H38O. Normally, the amount of this pheromone secreted by a female insect is about 1 10 12 g. How many molecules are in this quantity? a) 1 1012 b) 3.55 1015 c) 2.135 109 d) 6.023 1023 31) Molecular weight of dry air is a) Less than moist air b) Greater than moist air c) Equal to moist air d) May be greater or less than moist air 32) At room temperature, the molar volume of hydrogen fluoride gas has a mass of about 50 g. The formula weight of hydrogen fluoride is 20. Gaseous hydrogen fluoride at room temperature is therefore, probably a mixture of a) H2 and F2 b) HF and H2F2 c) HF and H2.5F2.5 d) H2F2 and H3F3 33) The density of a DNA sample is 1.1 g/mL and its molar mass determined by cryoscopic method was found to be 6 108 g/mol. What is the volume occupied by one DNA molecule? a) 5.45 108 mL b) 1.83 10-9 mL c) 9.06 10-16 mL d) 1.09 10-13 mL 34) The density of a plant virus is 1.66 g/cm3. If each virus particles are spheres of diameter 6A , the molecular weight of virus should be a) 36 b) 72 c) 5.976 10-23 d) 18 35) Total number of valence electrons present in 6.4 g peroxides ion ( O 22 ) is a) 0.2 NA b) 3.2 NA c) 3.6 NA d) 2.8 NA 36) A gaseous mixture contains 70% N2 and 30% unknown gas, by volume. If the average molecular weight of gaseous mixture is 37.60, the molecular weight of unknown gas is a) 42.2 b) 60 c) 40 d) 50 37) A gaseous mixture contains CO2 and SO3. The average molecular weight of the mixture may be a) 40 b) 80 c) 70 d) 90 38) The number of F ions in 4.2 g AlF3 is

a) b) c) d)

## 0.05 9.03 1022 3.01 1022 0.15

1 1 th part and molecular mass as th part by mass of one 6 12 atom of C12 isotope, what would be the molecular mass of water? Atomic masses of hydrogen and oxygen on new scale are, 1 and 16 respectively. a) 18 b) 9 c) 36 d) unpredictable 40) Each molecule of a tear gas, lewisite contains 2 hydrogen atoms, 1.78 10 22 g chlorine, 2 carbon atoms and 1.25 1022 g of an unknown metal. Its molecular weight will be a) 195 b) 208.5 c) 280 d) 188.3 41) 20 molecules of SO3 will weigh as much as molecules of oxygen. a) 100 b) 50 c) 15 d) 8 42) If the mass of neutron is doubled and that of proton is halved, the molecular weight of H 2O containing H1 and O16 atoms only, will a) Increase by about 25% b) Decrease by about 25% c) Increase by about 17% d) Increase by about 14% 43) Which of the following contains largest number of oxygen atoms? a) 2 g atomic oxygen b) 2 g oxygen molecules c) 2 g ozone molecules d) All have same number 44) The number of hydrogen atoms in 0.9 g glucose, C6H12O6, is same as a) 0.048 g hydrazine, N2H4 b) 0.17 g ammonia , NH3 c) 0.30 g ethane, C2H6 d) 0.03 g hydrogen, H2 45) Volume occupied by 6 g of a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen is 4.48 L at 1 atm and 0 o C. the percentage by mass of nitrogen in the mixture is a) 50% b) 46.67% c) 53.33% d) 28% 46) The average density of the universe as a whole is estimated as 3 10 29 g per mL. If we assume that the entire mass is only H atoms, what is the average volume of space that contains one H atom? a) 110 L b) 9 10-6 L
39) If the atomic mass were given by as

c) 55 L d) 220 L 47) The number of molecules present in 1 mL of an ideal gas at 273 K and 1 atm is called ------- and its value is . a) Avogrados number, 6.023 1023 b) Loschmidt number, 2.7 1019 c) Ryberg number, 1.09 107 d) Universal gas constant, 0.082 unit 48) Mass of one proton is 1.675 1024 g. How many moles of proton are present in its 1 kg? 1 a) 104 1.675 6.023 10 b) 1.675 6.023 1 c) 1024 6.75 1 d) 1027 1.675 49) Assuming that 1, 3, 5-hexatriene has only pure double bonds and pure single bonds, how many grams of it contain one mole of double bonds? a) 13.3 g b) 26.7 g c) 40 g d) 80 g 50) 2 moles of H atoms at 1 atm and 0o C occupies a volume of a) 11.2 L b) 44.8 L c) 2 L d) 22.4 L 51) Which of the following will occupy greater volume under the similar conditions of pressure and temperature? a) 6 g oxygen b) 0.98 g hydrogen c) 5.25 g oxygen d) 1.32 g helium 52) The degree of dissociation, , (dt is the theoretical density of original compound and d 0 is the d -d observed density of the sample of compound) be calculated by using the formula = t 0 . (n-1)d 0 This formula is applicable at a) Constant volume and constant temperature b) Constant volume and variable temperature c) Constant pressure and constant temperature d) All of the above condition 53) 112.0 mL of NO2 at 1 atm and 0o C was liquefied, the density of the liquid being 1.15 g.mL -1. Calculate the volume and the number of molecules in the liquid NO 2. a) 0.10 mL and 3.01 1022 b) 0.20 mL and 3.01 1021 c) 0.20 mL and 6.02 1023 d) 0.40 mL and 6.02 1021

54) In an experiment, it is found that 2.0769 g of pure X produces 3.6769 g of pure X 2O5. The number of moles of X is a) 0.04 b) 0.06 c) 0.40 d) 0.02 55) The volume occupied by 20 g water at 1.2 atm and 4o C is about a) 20 mL 20 0.082 227 b) L 18 1.2 20 0.082 4 c) L 18 1.2 d) 20 L 56) If common-salt (molecular weight = 58.5) costs Rs. 7.00 per kg and sugar (molecular weight = 342) costs Rs. 14.00 per kg, what would be the cost of 1 mole of salt and sugar? a) Both will have the same cost b) The cost of sugar will be half the cost of salt c) The cost of sugar will be more than that of salt d) The cost of sugar will be twice the cost of salt 57) Number of g-atoms of oxygen present in 0.8 mole of tartaric acid C4H6O6 would be a) 3.6 b) 1.8 c) 2.4 d) 4.8 58) Equal masses of oxygen, hydrogen and methane are taken in identical conditions. What is the ratio of the volumes of the gases under identical conditions? a) 16 : 1 : 8 b) 1: 16 : 2 c) 1 : 16 : 8 d) 2: 16 : 1 59) While resting, the average 70 kg human male consumes 14 L of oxygen per hour at 25 oC and 100 kPa. How many moles of oxygen are consumed by the 70 kg man while resting for 1 hour? a) 0.57 b) 57292.5 c) 0.58 d) 58037.32 60) 3.0 g of a solid compound produced 672 mL of a gas at STP (1 atm and 0 oC), on strong heating. After the reaction the weight of the solid residue was 1.68 g. what is the molecular weight of the gas obtained? a) 19.84 b) 25.25 c) 44 d) 39.6 61) When a sample of hydrogen fluoride is cooled to 303 K, most of the molecules undergo dimerisation. If the vapour density of such a sample is 19, what percent of hydrogen fluoride molecules are in dimer form? (F = 19) a) 94.7 b) 89.9 c) 97.3 d) 5.3

62) 2.3 g of a mixture of NO2 and N2O4 has a pressure of 0.82 atm, at temperature T K in a container of volume V litres such that the ratio, T:V is 300:1 in magnitude. What is the degree of dissociation of N2O4? a) 0.17 b) 0.33 c) 0.67 d) 0.70 63) 1 kg of each substance is taken. Which of them will have largest mass of nitrogen? a) KNO3 b) NH3NO3 c) (NH4)3HPO4 d) HNO3 64) A 10 g sample of ore containing 2.8 g of HgS. What is the percentage of mercury in the ore? (Hg = 200, S = 32) a) 24.1 b) 29.01 c) 2------d) 39 65) The mineral haematite is Fe2O3. Haematite ore contains unwanted material called gangue in addition of Fe2O3. If 5 kg of ore contains 2.78 kg of Fe, what percentage of ore is gangue? (Fe = 56) a) 55.6% b) 44.4% c) 20.6% d) 79.4% 66) The hydrated salt Na2SO4.nH2O undergoes 55.9% loss in weight on heating and becomes anhydrous. The value of n will be a) 5 b) 3 c) 7 d) 10 67) The commonly used pain reliever, aspirin, has the molecular formula C 9H8O4. If a sample of aspirin contains 0.968 g of carbon, what is the mass of hydrogen in the sample? a) 0.717 g b) 0.0717 g c) 8.000 g d) 0.645 g 68) For CuSO4.5H2O which is the correct mole relationship? a) 9 mole of Cu = mole of O b) 5 mole of Cu = mole of O c) 9 mole of Cu = mole of O2 d) mole of Cu = 5 mole of O 69) Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are the main nutrients in plant fertilizers. According to an industry convention, the number on the label refer to the mass percent of N, P2O5 and K2O, in that order. What is N : P : K ratio of a 30 : 10 : 10 fertilizer in terms of moles of atoms of each element, expressed as x : y : 1.0? (N = 14, P = 31, K = 39) a) 10 : 0.66 : 1.0 b) 20 : 0.66 : 1.0 c) 8.4 : 1.3 : 1.0 d) 16.8 : 1.3 : 1.0

70) Chloroflurocarbons such as CCl3F (M = 137.5) and CCl2F2 (M = 121) have been linked to ozone depletion in Antartica. As of 2004, these gases were found in 275 and 605 parts per trillion (1012), by volume. What are the concentrations of these gases under conditions typical of Antartic stratosphere (200 K and 0.05 atm)? a) [CCl3F] = 8.38 1013 mol L1, [CCl3F] = 1.84 1012 mol L1 b) [CCl3F] = 2.00 1012 mol L1, [CCl3F] = 5.00 1012 mol L1 c) [CCl3F] = 2.00 109 mol L1, [CCl3F] = 5.00 109 mol L1 d) [CCl3F] = 6.56 107 mol L1, [CCl3F] = 1.64 108 mol L1 71) Caffeine has a molecular mass of 194. If it contains 28.9% by mass of nitrogen, number of atoms of nitrogen in one molecule of caffeine is a) 4 b) 6 c) 2 d) 3 72) A certain mixture of MnO and MnO2 contains 66.67 mol % of MnO. What is the approximate weight percent of Mn in it? (Mn = 55) a) 66.67 b) 33.33 c) 72 d) 28 73) A compound contains 36% carbon by weight. If each molecule contains two carbon atoms, the number of moles of compound in its 10 g is a) 66.67 b) 0.15 c) 0.30 d) 0.60 74) What will be percentage concentration of a solution that is obtained by mixing 300 g of 25% solution of NaCl with 150 g of 40% solution of NaCl? All percentage are mass percentages. a) 25% b) 30% c) 35% d) 40% 75) In the Dumas method, 0.2 g of an organic nitrogenous compound gave 27 mL of N 2 (volume reduced to 1 atm and 0oC). what is the percentage of nitrogen by weight in the compound? a) 16.9 b) 19.6 c) 33.1 d) 13.3 76) 0.2 of an organic compound containing, C, H and O, on combustion yielded 0.147 g CO2 and 0.12 g water. The percentage of oxygen in it is a) 73.29% b) 78.45% c) 83.23% d) 89.50% 77) Haemoglobin of a blood corpuscle contains 0.33% iron. The molecular weight of haemoglobin was found to be 67000 g. What is the number of iron atoms present in each molecule of haemoglobin? (Atomic weight of Iron = 56) a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 5

78) The empirical formula of an organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen is CH 2. The mass of the one litre of this organic gas is exactly equal to that of one litre of nitrogen, under identical conditions. Therefore, the molecular formula of the organic gas is a) C2H4 b) C3H6 c) C6H12 d) C4H8 79) 60 g of an organic compound has 24 g carbon and rest hydrogen and oxygen. The empirical formula of the compound is a) C2H8O2 b) C2H4O c) CH4O d) CH2O 80) A hydride of silicon prepared by the reaction of Mg2Si with acid exerted a pressure of 306 torr of 299 K, in a bulb of capacity 57 mL. If the mass of the hydride was --------- g, what is its molecular formula? (Si = 28) a) SiH4 b) Si2H6 c) Si3H8 d) Si3H6 81) A compound have carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in 3 : 3 : 1 atomic ratio. If the number of moles in 1 g of compound is 6.06 103, the molecular formula of the compound will be a) C3H3O b) C6H6O2 c) C9H9O3 d) C12H12O4 82) On analysis, a certain compound was found to contain iodine and oxygen in the ratio of 254 g of iodine and 80 g of oxygen. The atomic mass of iodine is 127 and that of oxygen is 16. Which of the following is the formula of compound? a) IO b) I2O c) I3O4 d) I2O5 83) Iron forms two oxides. For the same amount of iron, amount of oxygen combined in the first oxide is two-third of the amount of oxygen combined in the second oxide, the ratio of valencies of iron in first and second oxide is a) 1 : 1 b) 2 : 3 c) 3 : 2 d) 2 : 5 84) A compound contains equal masses of the elements A, B and C. If the atomic weights of A, B and C are 20, 40 and 60 respectively, the empirical formula of compound is a) A3B2C b) AB2C3 c) ABC d) A6B3C2 85) A compound contains elements X and Y in 1 : 4 mass ratio. If the atomic masses of X and Y are in 1 : 2 ratio, the empirical formula of compound should be a) XY6 b) X2Y c) XY4

d) X4Y 86) A semiconductor, YBa2Cu3O7, is prepared by a reduction involving Y2O3, BaO2 and Cu2O. The mole ratio in which these compound should combine, is a) 1 : 2 : 4 b) 1 : 2 : 3 c) 1 : 4 : 6 d) 1 : 3 : 4 87) Assume that the atomic weight of oxygen is 7. A sample of 11 g of an oxide of uranium contains 10 g of uranium. Which of the following formula for the oxide is compatible with the data? a) Uranium oxide is UO and the atomic weight of U is 70 b) Uranium oxide is U3O8 and the atomic weight of U is 240 c) Uranium oxide is UO2 and the atomic weight of U is 105 d) Uranium oxide is U2O3 and the atomic weight of U is 105 88) A sample of protein was analysed for metal content and analysis revealed that if contained magnesium and titanium in equal amounts, by weight. If these are the only metallic species present in the protein and it contains 0.016% metal by weight, the minimum possible molar mass of the protein is (Mg = 24, Ti = 48) a) 600000 b) 150000 c) 300000 d) 1200000 89) A series of experiments were carried out with a fixed mass of a metal and variable mass of chlorine. The result is represented by the adjacent graph. The empirical formula of compound formed in each case is found to be MCl2. The atomic weight of the metal is (Cl = 35.5) a) 40 b) 47.33 c) 118.33 d) 106.5 90) In the blood of an infant, there are about 1.3 10 12 red blood cells, which contain a total of about 0.15 g iron. On the average, how many iron atoms are present in each red blood cell of the infant? a) 8.8 1023 b) 4.7 1013 c) 1.2 109 d) 3.0 108