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Dedication

This work is dedicated primarily to my sister and my mother whom I admire and appreciate too, also is dedicated to the people of Tehuacan working to improve the city, including I dedicate to the five regions of the municipality to help in the culture and that most of these still retain people who know about the past of Mexico, I think those people are the most important.

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Justification

The work I am doing in order to learn more and improve, the truth is that despite being a citizen of Tehuacan conosco not much, that is not much of a Culture of Tehuacan however I have noticed that has been lost this work has information that I think is the most important, because all I am is that at least I will learn more than English and little or a lot of my municipality.

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Introduction

This work has variable information exactly about Tehuacan and five regions which many people do not know them very well or simply known Tehuacan or part, believe that there is no culture in the municipality is wrong once you read this paper you will realize there are many things that few know or things I already knew but these rectifying Tehucan not only speaks of the present but also of his past as indigenous peoples, the purchase of the city which was held on March 16 1660, Tehuacan participation in the Mexican Revolution, heroes, springs, flora and fauna that surrounds, offering delicious food and many other things.

Location
Tehuacan is located in the southeastern part of the state of Puebla. In Mexico.

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Bordering to the north with "Tepanco Lopez, Santiago Miahuatlan, Nicols Bravo and Vicente Guerrero", the east with "Vicente Guerrero, San Antonio Caada and Ajalpan" the south "San Gabriel Chilac, Zapotitln and Altepexi "and west" Zapotitln, San Martn Atexcal, Juan N. Mndez and Tepanco Lopez ". Tehuacn Township occupies 1.15% of the state's area, within its limits are the hills of "The Chivillas, Mojada, The Dead, Cerro Viejo, Coatepec, La Tarntula, Ocotempa, Maguey The Hawk, The Square arms and the Cerro Colorado".

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Tehuacan
Is a city, municipality and municipal seat located in the southeast of the Mexican state of Puebla, located 130 km from the city of Puebla, 257 kilometers from Mexico City and 321 km from the city of Oaxaca, at an altitude of 1,676 m, semi warm weather and semidry. The population according to the 2010 census, is of 274.906 inhabitants. After the defeat of the Aztecs, on August 13, 1521, is subject to the Spanish. The 1660, Indians bought the crown and the title of city was given the name "City of Indians under the name of Our Lady of Conception and Cave"; but by decree, on August 31, 1884, was designated "John Chrysostom Bonilla Tehuacn" to honor the memory of Don Juan Crisostomo Bonilla. Its meaning as Fray Juan de Torquemada is "Place of the Gods", "Land of Gods" or "place of those who have God" and is derived from the Nahuatl "Teo: God hua: his or her and can: place". Also known as "Tehuacn of Pomegranates" or as the "First Latin American Hydromineral Center", also known as "Tehuacn, health city". It was inhabited for 8500 years to village communities. C. Popolocas Tribes. They settled in Calcahualco known as Tehuacn Viejo. He had a major role in the process of domestication and cultivation of plants. In the valley region where it is located Coxcatln found the oldest fossil of corn in the world.

Glyph
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of

Tehuacan

The painter and muralist Desiderio Hernandez Xochiteotzin tlaxcalteca glyph design is based on the glyph Tonatiuhco ("In the sacred place in the sun"), so that was previously thought to be called before Tehuacan "Sun City", the name "Town Sol "came as a result of the discovery of the ruins of an ancient ceremonial center on the slopes of Cerro Colorado which added gums and teeth meaning" place".

Glyph of Tehuacn is interpreted as follows: At the bottom you can see a gum with teeth, which means "place". The album is a solar symbol, or sacred. Hence, to be known as Tehuacn "City of Gods", "Place of those gods," "City of God those who have" interpreted as the meaning of the word "Tehuacan".

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The "teponaxtle" is a musical instrument of the type of slit drum of Mesoamerican origin used by the Aztecs, the Maya and related cultures. The Teponaztli consists of a thick tree trunk, hollowed underneath to form a resonance chamber.

Coat of Tehuacan
The Coat of Tehuacn is composed of four quarters: In the first room is the black eagle on a cactus with two arrows in the right claw and one crossed by the legs and left three cornstalks with ears of gold that the Indians call Miahuatl in the blue field. The second quarter shows a black eagle on a white field with golden beak put a paw on a teponaxtle golden and the other holding up two arrows. To the right of that eagle one ayacaxtle or rattle, an instrument playing and dancing with the natives. Shortly below a drum, the two sides left the teponaxcle, and below a quetzal feathers or beam. In the third quarter a matte finish and made to order a flower red branches which in their language called tlaxochitl. A bird biting a flower at the foot of a tree that kills leaving it to those who call their language Mezquite. On the right a castle on a hill that has a large cave underneath and near the castle some red and white stones, four pockets having said castle out three arrows on the one hand and between the first and second top out one maixquahuitl, instrument with which fought in antiquity and in the other two side pockets two arrows left and go through them in one maixquahuitl. In the fourth quarter is a freshly slaughtered head like a right hand that has outstanding hair and the other left hand is gripping a bow. Amid quartered Chimalpopoca head, and as crest, the Virgin of the Conception.

The "quetzal" is a bird of great importance in preHispanic mythology, in the Nahuatl word quetzal means precious or beautiful, in voices other Mesoamerican meaning sacred or erected.

The "mezquite" is a crooked tree, beautifully planted and short stature (measuring approximately 12 meters) and is an important tree of Mexico, which may have many centuries of life.

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History of Tehuacan
Archaeological finds show that it was inhabited by village communities 8500 years before Christ. He had a major role in the process of domestication and cultivation of plants. In Tehuacn found the oldest fossil of corn in the world, is also concidera was formerly an arm of the sea, which currently leaves its trail in San Juan Raya with an immense amount of fossil dinosaur footprints, in the city of Tehuacn There are streets with ridges formed by a limestone called "Tecuate" appears once-sea corals and of course the springs because of something the city is the first center hydromineral of America. In 1454, Moctezuma invaded and conquered the place to be a strategic point for further conquests. The population took refuge in the Cerro Colorado but were eventually defeated. Forming the first civilizations in this place Hispanic culture in this region was the Chocho-Popoloca, who built Sun City (Tehuacn Viejo), influenced Mixtec and Teotihuacan. Unfortunately not much is known of this archaeological site since a few years ago began the investigations, although they have found ceramic vessels and the oldest civilizations of the Olmecs.

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During pre-Columbian times is noteworthy that the Tehuacan Valley is "corn crib and cradle the avocado", Tehuacn was part of the Royal Road that connected the port of Veracruz to the Great Tenochtitlan, which influences so that the construction of the Temple Carmelita has aimed at the present location. After the defeat of the Aztecs, on August 13, 1521, is subject to the Spanish. The 1660, Indians bought the crown and the title of city was given the name "City of Indians under the name of Our Lady of Conception and Cave" (Ciudad de indios con la denominacin de Nuestra Seora de Concepcin y Cueva). The city during the time of the insurgents served as a strategic location for giving asylum to the troops of Morelos and also read an article that talks about the existence of a building hidden in the Cerro Colorado barely being studied, called the Fortress Cerro Colorado. Besides the city was used as a military barracks by the illustrious leader Trujano Valerio. In March 1862, the French army invaded Mexican territory, staying in Tehuacn. The entire state of Puebla was under the rule of the imperialists of Maximilian of Habsburg until 1867

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In the early twentieth century with its famous hot springs the city become an international tourist center filling of large luxury hotels at the time (now ruins), also known for its fairs like pomegranates (pomegranate is a fruit that occurs in the region), hence the name "city of grenades". The springs of Penafiel began in 1950 there since 1948 and started bottling the now famous mineral water. San Lorenzo start since 1906 although its facilities were inadequate was visited; There a Ahuehuete millennial located beside the spring. . In which it presented a bit of what is Tehuacn, with a mixture of customs and traditions originating indigenous and Spanish architecture, culture and cuisine.

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Timeline of Tehuacan
1454 In 1454, Moctezuma invaded and conquered the place to be a strategic point for further conquests.

1521 After the defeat of the Aztecs, on August 13, 1521, the city was taken over by the Spanish.

1660 On 16 March 1660 the indians of the region acquire the title of City Indians to buy the city, to the Spanish.

1724 In 1724 Began the construction of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.

1804

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In 1804 he built the "City Hall" located in the city center, near the cathedral.

1862 In March 1862, the French army invaded Mexican territory, staying in Tehuacn.

1864 In November 24, 1864, born Jos Garci Crespo Founder of bottling.

Garci-Crespo

1906 San Lorenzo start although its facilities were inadequate was visited; There a Ahuehuete millennial located beside the spring.

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1909 On November 17, 1909 arrived in this city Mr. Francisco I. Madero who came to oversee the actions taken by the leaders and supporters of"Antirreeleccionista Party". He stayed in the "Hotel Mexico".

1915 In 1915, in the era revolutionary, on November 13 arrived in Tehuacan Zapatista forces under General Mendoza, who was unable to take the city, retreating looted and burned the mineral water bottling plants Red Cross and San Lorenzo Mineral Water Co., causing their disappearance.

1928 Knowing the virtues and fame of the mineral waters, Mr. Jos Mara Garci Crespo de la Vega and Carlos Silva in June 1928 founded the company "Springs of Tehuacan SA"

1933

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In 1933, in Calzada de Las Palmas, formed a company called "Springs El Riego" SA.

1937 In 1937 the company changed its name to "Garci Crespo Springs SA de CV

1950 The springs of Penafiel began in 1950 there since 1948 and started bottling the now famous mineral water.

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The soft drink industry in Tehuacan


The terrain of the Tehuacan region consists mainly of limestone consistency very permeable, which has meant that water flows from rainfall and snowmelt Pico de Orizaba underground courses have wrought over time. When passing through the ground, the waters dissolve carbonates and other salts, which has given rise to the famous healing mineral waters of Tehuacn which were already known from pre-Cortesian times. There have been many studies on the chemical composition of the waters of Tehuacan and all show similar results in the content of calcium and magnesium salts such as sodium bicarbonates of calcium and magnesium, which gives slightly alkaline properties. It is a known fact that the body's normal metabolism produces abundant acidic toxic waste, which in given circumstances may cause acid-base imbalance in the body causing malaise, digestive disorders and even, chronic degenerative ailments. Drinking a carbonated water as Tehuacan tends to neutralize the acid radicals present in the body restoring balance and acid-base chemistry favoring a gradual cure these health problems. Groundwater in Tehuacn emerges at various points that give rise to springs, many of which were already known from pre-Conquest times. The abundance of water in various parts of the municipality came eight bottling of mineral water and refreshing flavor that had great height in the domestic market, where consumers by saying "give me a Tehuacn" knew distributors related to product is bottled at this place. The boom in the soft drink industry was from the forties and continued until the eighties, when the bottlers, mostly local and national entrepreneurs, became the main source of employment for male workers, achieving some nearby towns

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inhabitants emigrated to what was used in one of the highest paid activities and better employment benefits.

San Miguelito
Colin Joaquin Paredes refers in his research, which was Juan Pita who began bottling spring water called 'San Miguelito', originally known by the name of Coyatl, which was located at the foot of the plateau of El Riego, where then treated water with Red Cross markings and irrigation, which are mainly sold in drugstores and had its lead agency in a drugstore that was opposite the Teatro Principal in Mexico.

San Lorenzo (Axoxopan)


In the early twentieth century, Juan Revuelta, Trinidad and Enrique Acosta Bonilla Angeles founded another bottling at the spring Axoxopan or San Lorenzo, which soon sold it to Leo Fleishman, who gave a strong boost and sent tanks to bottled water throughout the Republic in order to make it known. Deposits established pharmacies that used as agencies, also referred to the United States and Cuba, where he had a strong consumption.

In 1914 small bottlers were established in the city. In 1915, in the era revolutionary, on November 13 arrived in Tehuacan Zapatista forces under General Mendoza, who was unable to take the city, retreating looted and burned the mineral water bottling plants Red Cross and San Lorenzo Mineral Water Co., causing their disappearance.

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El Riego
In 1933, another plant that started operations in the area known as Calzada de Las Palmas, where the spring was "Virgin of Light", and soon after formed a company called "Springs El Riego" SA. We can mention that "The Irrigation" became influential in some markets where the brand was accompanied by "Electropura" and "Delaware Punch" which lasted no more than five years since the owners then sold to GEMEX Electropura and Delaware Punch none other than Coca Cola. So Watering practically disappeared, victim also lifting its returnable glass containers 12 ounces, by competitors. The source of "The Irrigation" was purchased in 2007 by the U.S. company Cott, and again in the bottled mineral water "Watering" presuming on its label the word Tehuacn

Garci-Crespo & Peafiel


It was not until after the Mexican Revolution, when it was thought to invest again at Tehuacan. Knowing the virtues and fame of the mineral waters, Mr. Jos Mara Garci Crespo de la Vega and Carlos Silva in June 1928 founded the company "Springs of Tehuacan SA" Its objective was mineral water bottle and distribute throughout the center of the country. In 1937 the company changed its name to "Garci Crespo Springs SA de CV and two years later opened the first dealership in the Valley of Mexico.

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In 1948, Mr. Garci Crespo left the company and with his departure the company decides to change his name to "Peafiel Springs, SA". This name comes from the rock or rock that hinders the undercurrents, and leads to the springs. In Tehuacan, Puebla, this rock has brought forth water for many years remained faithful and unchanging, therefore, proposed the name Peafiel. In 1980 the company was acquired by the group regiomontano "Valores Industriales, SA" to reorganize its structure and readjusting their work systems. Years later, in 1992 the British group created the first soft drink, Cadbury Schweppes, identifies and acquires its value. With this process, Peafiel Springs adopts the name of Cadbury Schweppes Beverages Mexico.

On May 7, 2008, Cadbury Schweppes announced the divestment of beverages and confectionery. With this process, the company took the name of Dr. Pepper Snapple Group (DPSG) and became an independent public company listed on the Stock Exchange of New York with the acronym DPS. In Mexico, the business takes its brand name and is called Group leader Peafiel.

The beginning of the XXI century brought changes in the business model of the brand Garci Crespo, Enrique Molina has to sell their shares and control of its bottlers Pepsi Bottilng Group, Pepsi global controller and once again, foreigners decide to take the bottling mineral water to other plants more efficient than the one located in Tehuacan, giving a second blow to the appellation of origin and ending with the strategy drawn 15 years ago at that time the director of Garci Crespo Mr. Bernardo Trueba. Everything ends historic Garci Crespo plant located in so-called "Manatiales Good Water" in 2006 when it finally closed its production lines, leaving the brand bottling plants for Pepsi to other more modern, the spring is just as romantic symbol of what was the splendor of the past.

It is among the decade of the 70's when 50'sa fame mineral water has its peak Tehuacan, even globally and in those years the city's infrastructure grows, by building luxury hotels and even one field golf, all under the sponsorship of powerful and bottling.

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So, Tehuacn reached 1980 with the following soft drink bottlers: Peafiel Springs, Garci-Crespo, San Lorenzo plant 1 and 2; Balseca, Aguas de Tehuacn, irrigation and San Francisco. The competition that emerged in the domestic market with the arrival and strengthening of foreign companies, the first that was closed down Water Tehuacn, followed Garci-Crespo, Balseca, San Lorenzo with its two plants and finally two years ago, Springs San Francisco, owned by Marco Antonio Romero Balseca, all because of financial problems.

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First center hydromineral of America


Considered the first hydromineral center of Latin America, the grenades Tehuacn, Puebla, famous for its mineral waters and curative properties. It is a privileged city location, in the southwestern part of the state of Puebla. It has a variety of tourist resources, both natural and cultural history and around the town, including: springs, archaeological sites, biotic wealth, among other wonders that make it up. The existence of springs that have healing properties allowed Tehuacn was recognized as the first American hydromineral center under the slogan "Tehuacn, health city". His fame transcended borders and hundreds of people came from several states and abroad to consume natural or bottled water and thus cure their illnesses.

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Poultry Company
Ms.. Socorro Sanchez Romero, originally from Tonala Oaxaca and who in 1948 decided to do business in the city of Tehuacan, Puebla, an ideal place to carry out farming activities. Thus, with great momentum, as initiated activities with the establishment of a small poultry farm, having at that time, with only thousand laying hens.

Initially Ms. personally attended the business, and its rapid expansion challenges presented knew him fully resolved. Thus in the year 1964 and in partnership with his brothers Francisca, Zeferino, Miguel Aurelio and society are ROMERO BROTHERS SA, which was dedicated through the years to provide key aspects for the poultry business development, such as research laboratories and vaccine development, factory concentrates for poultry feed and even an incubator specializing in the development of the cocks, among others.

These events led to unprecedented development of the poultry industry, not only regionally, but also nationally. Poultry companies in the Tehuacan region at that time were consolidated as developing leaders for the industry.

The pork business started in 1965, with a total of 20 sows and a boar, with Ms. Socorro Romero the pioneer for this activity in the region. Convinced of the need to produce the best quality beef in 1970 started his herd nucleus and multiplier herd, joining its food plant, quality control laboratory and pharmaceutical laboratory and biological production, thus forming the basis of the system farm "pyramid" concept

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now known as multi-farm system, which separates the activities to produce pork, controlling every stage from conception until the fat, through development. The pork business, to succeed commercially, continued to expand and was so in 1993 and thanks to the organization of the Pork Group Tehuacn area, the project consolidates a Federal Inspection Type Trail (TIF) that meet the standards achieved international health as managed by the USDA and the European Community.

Other companies in the poultry industry, which SRS failed or were not known outside Tehuacan, and the city is also quite recognized nationally for its poultry activity sineod of the largest and important of Mexico.

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