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TheneedtoknowofCrimeThrillers byConnor,TomHandHarri

IdeaofaThriller
ThemainideaofaThrilleristomakesureyoucreateboth feelingsofexcitementandtensionfortheaudience. Byhavingthesetwofeelingsasthemainelementsofa Thrilleritmakestheaudienceintriguedinthestoryline. Thisapproachalsomakesitmuchmoreeasierforthe audiencetoidentifywhentheyarewatchingthisgenreof film. However,thisgenrealsosplitsintomanyothersubgenres fromcrimeandpsychologicaltoparanoiaandconspiracy. ForthispresentationwehavedecidedtofocusontheCrime Thrillerandspeakaboutthegeneralcodesand conventions.

ExampleofaDirector

AquickexampleofaverysuccessfulThrillerdirectorwouldbeAlfred Hitchcock Hewasabletobreakthetypicalclichofcharacterswithinhiswork whichgavehimhisownstyleandtechnique. Hisstorylineswerealsorathersimpletofollow,allowingalltypesof audiencestounderstand,whilstalsoincorporatingtheelementof surprisetocapturetheaudience. Healsomanagedtousepointofviewshotseffectivelywhichyetagain helpedgaintheaudiencesattention. Finally,hewasabletointegratehumourwithinhisworkwhichaidedin thesuspenseandtensionasitcaughttheaudienceoffguard HehasbeenabletoproduceclassicssuchasPsycho

andBirdsaswellasamazingsoundtracks

Miseenscene
LowkeylightingisessentialwithinallThrillermoviesespeciallyin Crimefilmsastheyareusedtoproduceshadowswhichconnote theinnerdarknesswithincharacterswhilstalsoaddingtothe tensionofthescene. Theshadowscanalsobeaccompaniedbyscenesofblackand whitewhichhelptoemphasisetheimpactoftheshadowsaswell asaddingtoarathereerieandsinisterlooktocreatetension. Thegeneralcolourschemewithinthissubgenreisalsoratherdull whichconnotesthatthereisnohappinessbutperhapsconstant upset. Ascrimethrillersquiteofteninvolvepolicemenorsomeonewho mayhavesomeauthoritythecostumesofthecharactersare usuallysmartandquiteformaltoshowtheirdominanceonthe screen. Commoniconographywithinthisgenrecaninclude;weaponsas theyarecommonlyassociatedwithdangerandviolence,and sometimesfingerprintswhichmayassisttheprotagonist.

Sound
Themainuseofsoundwithinthisgenreisnondiegetic musicwhichiscommonlyeerieandmysterious,to increasetheamountoftensionwithintheaudience. Somediegeticsoundsarealsousedtocreatetensionfor theaudience,aswellasthecharacters,suchasthesound ofacreakingfloorboardwhichisnormallyaccompanied bysilencetoemphasisethetensionbuilding. Offscreensounds,suchasgunshotsorexplosions,are alsocommonastheytaketheaudiencebysurprisewhilst thetensionisrisingandmakethestorylinesmore realistic. Silenceisprobablythemostcrucialuseofsound,asthis iswhatbringstheaudienceinastheyarebusyfocused ontheimagesonscreen,andthensurprisedwhen exaggeratedsoundsaresuddenlyusedafter.

CameraTechniques
Trackingshotsareimportantastheyallowtheaudienceto trailthecharactersthroughcertainscenesandsettingswhich makesthenarrativeeasiertofollow,whichisneededfor thrillersastheplotsareusuallytwisted. Extremecloseupsandcloseupsarecrucialforthisgenreasit givesgreatdetailaboutthecharactersemotionsandfeelings andmakestheaudiencefeelmoreattachedtothecharacter asweareclosertothem. Thepointofviewshotscontinuetograbtheaudiences attentiontowardstheplotasitmakesthescenemorerealistic aswefeelasthoughwearethereinthescene. Establishingshotsarealsocommonwithincrimethrillersas theyareoftensetinthecity,sotheshotenablesustofigure outthesettingandmayalsoconnotethesheerchallengeasit seemslikeitstheprotagonistvs.theworld. Lowangleorcantedshotsmayshowacertaincharacters personalityasthecantedshotoftheantagonistmayshow theirtwistedpersonalitywhilstthelowangleofthe protagonistmayshowoffhisweaknessatthatmoment

ExamplesofCameraTechniques

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Editing

Asthissubgenreisfocusedoncrime,fastpacededitingandstraightcuts areessentialinkeepingthesceneslookingnaturalandrealistic,whilst keepingtheaudienceintriguedduringthemoreintensethrillingpartsof thefilms. Paralleleditingisalsokeyasitallowstheaudiencetofollowtwoseparate narratives,oftentheprotagonistsandantagonists,andthisshowsthat thingsarehappeningatthesametimebutindifferentplacessothey musteventuallycometogetherduetotheiractions. Jumpcutsarealsocommonasthishelpstogetfromonelocation/object toanother,butmuchmorequicklywhichaddstothetensionandthrill aspectofthescenes. Slowmotionorflashbackscanalsobeusedwithinthesubgenreasit enticestheaudienceasactionsareperformedslowly,prolongingthe narrative,orthestoryreturnstopreviousscenesmakingthetensionand anticipationrise.

Editingexample

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StockCharacters
Duetothenatureofthissubgenrefollowingcrime,itis verycommontoincludecharactersthathaveprevious knowledgetodangerandviolencesuchaspolicemen ordetectives,anexamplewouldbeBradPitts characterinthecrimethrillerSeven. Howeverthereareoccasionswhereordinarypeople aretheprotagonistsastheymaybeunaccustomedto dangerbutareunwillinglyforcedintothisnewlifefor reasonssuchasfamilyprotectionorrevenge. Theantagonistsarecommonlycriminalsorescaped conswhomaywanttoseekrevenge,orstalkersand psychopathswhointendtodoharmtoothers. Usuallybothprotagonistsandantagonistsare dominantlymales,howeveritispossibleto occasionallygetafemalestarroleinthissubgenre

StockSettings
Crimethrillercantakeplaceinawidevarietyofplaces, howevertherearecertainlinksbetweensomesettings, forexample Placessuchaswarehousesandabandonedstreetsare typicaliftheantagonistisrathermysteriousasitkeeps thetensionbuildingfortheaudienceastheydonot revealmuch. Homelysettings,suchastheprotagonistshouse,can alsobeidealforthissubgenreasitistheplacewhere theprotagonistcanfeelsafeawayfromtheoutside world,yetitmaynotalwaysbeassafeastheybelieve. Wealthyareas,suchasbanks,aswellaspolicestations arealsotargetsfortheantagonistsasthesubgenre focusesonthecrimeaspectsotheideaoftakingfrom authorityiskey!!

Wellpopulatedareas,suchasTrainstations,Parksand Citycentres,canallbesettingsaswellforcrimeas therecanbemassmurderbytheantagonistinwhich theprotagonistmuststop.

CommonThemes
Athemethatisconstantthroughoutallaspectsofthis subgenreisthenarrativefocusaroundcrime,whichincludes theideaofransoms,kidnapping,violenceandheists.

Theideaofatimelimitaddsmuchmoretensionforthe audienceandincreasesthethrillaspectastheprotagonist mustusuallyraceagainsttheclocktosolvethecrimebefore somethingterriblehappens.


Thevillainouscharacterswithinthesefilmsarealsorather mysterioustosomeextentasthisiswhathelpstoenhancethe tensionasitcreatesanenigmafortheaudienceastheywant theantagonisttoberevealed.Howeverthisdoesnotmean thattheprotagonistisfullyopenaboutthemselves. Anotherthemewhichiscommonlyusedistheideaofthe protagonistortheantagonisthavingaflashbackwhichmay revealpreviousdetailsoftheirpastandcouldindicatehowthe situationbeganwhichisusefulinacrimethriller. Themostgenericthemeisthatnearlyallofthesefilmshaving atwistinthenarrativetowardstheendwhichisthemost significantfeatureofacrimethrillerfilmasitconfusesthe audienceyetmakesthemenjoyitmoreasitgetsthemmore intriguedintoknowingwhyandhow

CommonTechniquesofOpenings
ThemainthingtorememberaboutathrilleropeningistoTHRILLFROM THEBEGINNING

Thisisthekeyfeatureofathrillerfilmastheaudienceautomatically realisestheyarewatchingathrilleriftheyarethrilledfromthestart.
Normallyincrimethrillers,itstartsofwithsomeformofviolenceor danger,whichmaynotbedirectlyassociatedwiththeprotagonistbut setstheaudienceupfortherestofthefilm. Certaineventscantakeplacebeforetheactualtitlingwhichsetthemood forthefollowingfilmandgivestheaudienceaforeshadowofwhatthe filmmaybeabout,thiscanbeeitheractionpacked,ormysteriousand obscuretoenticetheaudience