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The History of Bushwick/Knickerbocker Ave.


Early History of Bushwick from: Henry R. Stiles. A History of the City of Brooklyn, Volume 1 (Brooklyn, New York), 1867. General Development of Brooklyn: April 1609 est. of Dutch colony in NY 1614 United New Netherland Co. licensed for peltry trading 1623 Dutch West India Co. charter approved 1627 English settle New England 1636 William Andriaense Bennet and Jacque Bentyn purchase 930 acres of land at Gowanus from Native Americans (from which village of Gowanus extended including the area considered as the first step in the settle of the City of Brooklyn) 1637 Jansen de Rapalie purchases 335 acres between present-day Nostrand and Grand Avenues 1638 West India Company secures tract of land near Rapalies September 1638 Amsterdam Chamber opens New Netherland to free trade July 19, 1640 Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions, for all patrons, masters, and private persons inhabitants allowed to select small tracts of land greatly quickened the prosperity of New Netherland 1642-45 Indian war (1943 = a year of blood) nothing specific about uprisings in Bushwick area 1645 Bout, Aertsen, Stoffelsen, Cornelissen, Dircksen, and van Couwenhoven established village of Breuckelen 1776- Battle of Brooklyn

By Shane McCabe
Problem 1: Gentrification is unchecked Problem 2: Some of the highest crime and health problems in the City Opportunity 1: Allow for more rent stabilization/controlled gentrification Opportunity 2: Developers will clean up the area along with the new neighbors living nearby

1620 1614 1623 1640 1643 1645 1855 1850s 1888 1898

1949 1930- 1940s 1950s 60s 70s

1970s / 80s


2000s Today


History of Brooklyn according to the LPC's William Ulmer Brewery Designation Report 1852- Williamsburgh became an independent city 1855-Brooklyn was incorporated into the City of Brooklyn. Bushwick and Greenpoint were collectively known as Brooklyn's Eastern District until 1898 when Brooklyn joined Manhattan 1850's- Germans began immigrating into Williamsburgh and Bushwick following the Europe's political problems in 1848 1888-Construction of the Myrtle Avenue Elevated Railroad which spurred further residential development in the area 1930's-1940's- Italians began moving into the neighborhood, Germans were starting to move out of the neighborhood 1949-Brewer's strike 1950's-60's-70's- Neighborhood demographic includes a rising population of African-Americans and Puerto Ricans. 1970's-Area experiences a severe economic decline that is further negatively impacted by a high rate of foreclosure, reduced community services and arson 1977-Citywide Blackout and Broadway St. riots